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THE JOURNAL LUCIAN IWIFT, \ J. S. McLAIN, MANAGER. EDITOR. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS j Payable to The Journal Printing Co. Delivered by Mall. One copy, one month .£..50.33 One copy, three months 1-00 One copy, six months.. l .'. 2.00 One copy, one year 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50 Delivered by carrier On* copy, one week 8 cents One copy, one month 35 cent! Single copy 2 cents j T H X JOURNAL, la published every evening, exocpt Sunday, at 47-40 Fourth Street South, Journal Building, Minneapolis, Minn. C, J. Billson, Manager Foreign Adver tising Department. NEW YORK OFFICE—B6, 87, 88 Tribune building. v CHICAGO OFFICE— 3O7. 308 Stock Ex change building. - CHANGES OF ADDRKSS Subscribers ordering addresses of their papers changed must always give their former aa well as present address. CONTINUED All papers are continued until an ex plicit order is received for discontinuance. and until all arrearages are paid. » —i COMPIiAINTS Subscriber* will please notify the office lv every vaae where their pa pers are not Delivered Promptly,' »r when the collections are not promptly made. The Journal is ou sale at Uie news stands ol tiie following hotels: Pltuburg, Pa.—Du yuesue. Salt Lake City, Utah— he KnuUford, Omaha, Neb.—JPaxton Hotel. Los Angeles, Cal.—Hotel Van Nuyg. . Denver, Brow.is Palace Hotel. St. Louis. Mo.— Planters' Hotel, Southern Hotel. Kansas City, Mo.—Coates House. BoatT-x, Mass.—Young's Hotel. United Stata. fouraine. Cleveland, OLio—Hollenden House. W«<ld«U House. Cincinnati, Ohio—Grand Hotel. Detroit, Mich.— Rußsell House, Cadillac. Washington, D. C—Arlington Hotel, Ra leigh. Chicago, 111.— Auditorium Annex. Great Northern. New York City—lmperial, Holland, Murray Hill, Waldorf. Spokane. Wash.— Spokane Hotel. " Tacoma, Wash.—Tacoma Hotel. Seattle, Wash.—Butler Hotel. Portland. Oregon—Portland Hotel. Perkint Hotel. Porter Sees It Mr. Robert P. Porter's decided modifica tion of his extreme high tariff views is noticeable, because he has been a recog nized and able protagonist, and au un compromising one. of the extreme position. He has very voluminously contributed to the literature of that kind in his editorial career and as a writer for periodicals. He Is one of the last men one would ex pect to find advocating reciprocity, and yet, as shown In The Journal's dis patches yesterday, he has returned from Europe with a very deep conviction that the reported purpose of European govern ments to adopt tariff legislation hostile to the United States and detrimental to our export trade, has a good foundation In fact and that it will soon be seen to be Imperative to negotiate reciprocity treaties with those countries which are disposed to meet the United States half ■way. President Roosevelt, to whom Mr. Porter communicated his views, has ex pressed close sympathy with the views of McKlnley expressed in the last speech of his life at Buffalo, and is wrestling with the difficulties of the subject, which, of course, are by no means few. In the first place, a good many people really think that the actualization of re ciprocity treaties will immediately trans form this country into a free trade pre serve for the benefit of European manu facturers. Their minds will have to be delivered from this error, diligently taught by the extreme protectionists and taught by Porter himself for many years. McKlnley himself admitted in his speech that the reciprocity he advocated in volved some additions to our importa tions, but the system would also amplify our own export trade in a surely compen satory way. In no reciprocity treaty pro posed is it intended to concede more than one-fifth of the existing rates of duty and in many cases the minimum tariff would be a twentieth or a tenth under existing rates, unless the article competes with no American product. But, •whatever may be the minimum rate there are Individual interests which will deem the change hurtful to themselves. Tius is where the friction comes in, but it is possible to proceed to reciprocity on the strength of its value as a profitable trade policy, of which practical American business men can certainly be convinced. In 1903 the trade treaties of most of the European nations will expire and new treaties will be negotiated granting special trade benefits to nations which re ceprocate, and It would be a good time for our manufacturers and business men to reap such advantages. In making recipro city treaties they should be made to give a fair return for the concessions granted to our own markets; that is, if we want to have continuously good foreign trade, •we shall have to give the country with •which we make a treaty a fair show in our markets. The extremist says: "We shall have none of this business." Yet he is confronted by the inevitable alternative of submitting to a heavy reduction of our export trade, in manufactures especially, through hostile foreign tariffs. It will be remembered that the ex cutlve committee of the National Associa tion of Manufacturers decided, after the annual meeting of the association at De- troit last summer, where strong recipro- city sentiment was expressed, to call a convention at some future time to dis cuss reciprocity and secure a full expres sion of public sentiment on the subject. • The convention ought to be held in Washington after congress meets in De cember, or later, say some time in Janu ary, and it would no doubt demonstrate that there is a demand for reciprocity, not •from free traders, but from progressive American manufacturers and business men who want to keep up with the com mercial progress of the world. While M. D. Purdy, who was the late R. G. Evans' first assistant as United States district attorney, had not the polit ical service claim to the office made va c^it by the death of his chief that some #ther candidates had, he did have a good claim based upon efficient official service and the Idea of the recognition of such service through promotion. As it is un derstood that the appointment of Mr. Purdy to fill out the remainder of Mr. Evans" term does not necessarily mean that he will bo appointed for the next term, his appointment is a compromise that will probably be satisfactory to moat people interested *in the contest. But the fact that a Minneapolis man is to fill out the unexpired portion of the Evans term must not be permitted to operate to the exclusion of a Minneapolitan from the full term. When Freedom Becomes License The question has been asked over and over again since the assassination of President McKinley raised the question of making the preaching of anarchy as well as a violent attempt to consummate It a crime: What is the difference between freedom and license of speech In this respect? This question is well answered by Judge Tuthill of Chicago when he says, in sub stance, that while every man has a con stitutional right to express, freely and fully, his views on every public question, he has. no right to urge murder and in cendiarism as a means of advancing any cause. For example: Any man has a perfect right to state that he believes that no government is better than any govern ment and to defend that thesis by argu ment. Any man has a right to contend that it would be better if there were a monarchy in this country instead of a re public. Any man has a right to say that he considers an official, say the president, a failure and incompetent, or worse, if he thinks he can make good his statements. But if the first urge that officials or oth ers be murdered to make room for an archy, if the second urge that republican officials should be assassinated that the way may be paved for monarchy or if the third urge that the president be killed be cause he believes him to be a bad official, the boundary between freedom and license of speech has beeu passed. Murder Is murder, whether urged for political or pri vate reasons, and the man who incites to murder in either specific or general terms should be severely punished. The en actment of this idea into a concise law that could not easily be evaded would dispose of violent anarchists without run ning the risk of increasing their number by what might be construed into political persecution. Such a law would restrict opportunities for violent anarchists to preach their theories of assassination to the native addled-minded or those immigrants who, having come from countries where op pressive government and tyrannical rulers are responsible for much human misery, listen sympathetically to the advocacy of the violent destruction of government and the assassination of any or all rulers. Judge Tuthill makes a suggestion, also, which he thinks be acted upon in conjunction with the punishment of anar chists: That along with a test of the immigrant's competence to become a good American citizen there should go some plain instruction as to the radical differ ence between the attitude of government in this country and in that whence he comes. He should be denied admission if an anarchist, warned against becoming such, and instructed in Americanism. There can be no difference of opinion as to the need of a cable to the Philippines. One should be laid at once. The govern ment doesn't seem to be likely to build it and a private company wants to build it. As this company agrees to surrender the line to the government in case of war or emergency, to give government business the right of way at all times and reduce general rates 50 or 60 per cent it looks as if the offer ought to be accepted—the more especially as there is no subsidy grab in volved. It is up to the Turkish government to rescue Miss Stone from the brigands or pay her ransom. It is to be presumed that our state department has impressed upon the Turkish government its responsi bility in the matter. Clubhouses for Soldiers Lieutenant-Colonel William Qulnton, commandant at Fort Snelling, makes a valuable contribution to the discussion of the military canteen question when he points out that the canteen was "much more than a drinking resort. It was the men's club, the center of their social life, where they enjoyed the privileges that American citizens are entitled to and enjoyed them under wholesome Influ ences." Putting aside the aspect of the canteen as a place where intoxicating drink can be obtained, it will be admitted on all sides that a serious mistake was made in not replacing It with something that so far as possible exercised for the sol dier the attractions the canteen had. The canteen was a club as well as a drinking place. But why if the latter feature must be abolished cannot the club be kept up? Colonel Quinton is thoroughly justified in his conclusion that a clubhouse for the soldiers is needed at Fort Snelling, and, indeed, at every other post where troops are stationed. The colonel also throws much light on the canteen question when he points out the difference between the American reg ular army soldier and the professional soldiers of Europe. The former is simply an American citizen who for a time serves the government as a soldier. He expects to, and generally does, return to civil life, after a short service. He does not feel that in entering the army he has given up all the privileges of a citizen, and it is impossible for his officers to as sume that he has. He never becomes a mere military machine; he never forgets that he Is a human being and an Ameri can citizen. This sort of man Is likely to do pretty much what he pleases when he gets off the military reservation and is apt to plunge into excess in reaction from Bevere repression. Manifestly, the management of the army should be such that the citizen-eoldier can find moderate satisfaction for his social and human in clinations under conditions which do not lead to excess and crime. The Journal believes that this end is best achieved by a well-conducted can teen, but if the canteen is not to be re stored let a substitute be speedily offered. In some of the discussion —newspaper and otherwise —of the result of the la bors of the board of tax levy there is a manifest confusion of county and city valuations and levies. The city valuation last year was $100,000,000 in round num bers, and that of the county outside the city something over $10,000,000, making the total about $110,000,000. But the city tax levy rate must be considered only In conjunction with the city valuation. For example, the rate of 29.60, just decided upon, applies only to city valuation of THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. $103,000,000. It has nothing whatever to do with $10,000,000 and more of property in the county without the city limits, which is levied upon at rates varying with the town or village, and generally much lower than the city levy. Nebraska may not beat the Minnesota eleven on Oct. 12, but the cornhuskers would hardly touch ground if they fully understood how they have scared the gophers. We know some people who are glad there was "no" yacht race yesterday. An Unfriendly Tone The testimony so far adduced before the Schley court of inquiry authoritatively demonstrates what has long been asserted —that many naval officers are, and have been, inimical to Schley. It is not yet possible to believe that a number of American naval officers have entered into a conspiracy to Injure Admiral Schley, but It is certain that he was and is, to put it mildly, disliked by many of his associates. This feeling doubtless bore some bad fruit during the time that Schley was in command of the flying squadron, in a lack of hearty co-operation with the comman der, as perhaps, in the failure to acquaint him with the signals to be used at Cien fuegos, just as it now results in a reluc tance to give any testimony that may be construed as favorable to Schley. Yes terday, for example, Admiral Evans made a fine distinction between being "wor ried" over coaling at sea and being "anx ious" about it, he inferring from the ques tion put to him that the word "worried" would be more satisfactory to Admiral Schley's counsel than the word "anxious." The engineer was hoist by his own petard, but it begins to look as if Heis tand might be hung by his own hemp, and some others more or -less choked by the same. Kitchener's Flying Columns Lord Kitchener has recently issued an order to his officers that sugegsts such B state of affairs in the British army and such a lack of adaptability to circum stances as to raise a question as to whether the British can ever beat the 1 Boers at the guerrilla game. The order is i as follows: Tbe Commander-in-chief Id South Africa desires to impress upon officers in command of mobile columns that the object of sui.-h commands is mcbility. He has learned that such forces have carried about with them furniture, kitchen ranges, pianos and harmoniums, which nullify that object. He orders that these articles must be handed over at the nearest stores. The Boer-British war was not a month old before the British officers were openly admitting that the great lesson they had to learn from the Boers was that of mobility. In its first stages the war was largely one of foot soldiers against horsemen, who could become foot soldiers whenever re quired. Then began a rapid increase in the number of the British mounted troops. But if, after two years of daily lessons In mobility, the alleged mobile columns are, as Kitchener says, still toting about "kitchen ranges, pianos and harmoniums" it becomes pertinent to ask whether these supposedly mobile columns can ever be come mobile. To the American officer who, in the hot chase of a foe, cuts himself down to the same ration and equipment allowance that is granted to the private soldier, and act ually carries the baggage himself, in many instances, such an order as that quoted "is to laugh" long and loud. The spectacle of a "flying column" car rying pianos, kitchen ranges and harmo niums on ox wagons "rapidly pursuing" Boers mounted on swtft and hardy horses is enough for anybody and everybody to laugh. Vice President Goodrich of the Twin City Rapid Transit company, says that he found little about the urban transit sys tems of Europe that was instructive. How about their aldermen? Strong Support for McLaurin That Senator 'McLaurin of South Caro lina is not without 'sympathizers, and strong one 3, too, in other southern states 1b shown by the vigorous exposition of his views on current political problems which Thomas C. Crenshaw, chairman of the Board of Railroad Commissioners of Georgia, has given out. Mr. Crenshaw insists that he is still a democrat, juat as Senator McLaurln does, but he public ly indorses almost every republican policy from the protective tariff to the acquisi tion of the Philippines. Mr. Crenshaw says that he is opposed to disturbing the amendments to the ted- eral constitution adopted since the civil war and would disfranchise no man on account of the color of his skin; he is in favor of holding all the territory gained by the Spanish war and any more we can honestly get, either by purchase or con quest; he favors judicious ship subs-ldy, a strong army and navy, a non-partizan commission to study the problem of In creasing American trade in the Orient, and sound money and business In politics Instead of sentiment. When such men as Mr. Crenshaw, a democrat elected to an important office by democratic votes, take such a position it needs no prophet to predict a hopeless division in southern democratic ranks .'n the near future unless the democratic party is radically reorganized and re formed. Such a man as Mr. Crensha/w will probably never again vote for a Kansas City platform or any presidential candi date who is willing to stand on such a platform. He admits that he voted for Bryan the last time, but he did it out of a feeling of obligation to the party inasmuch as he was an officeholder by virtue of its support. But he adds that if he had had any reason to believe that his vote would effect the result one way or another he would have voted for McKinley. Where there is one Crenshaw or Mc- Laurln who will freely and frankly speak his position there are likely to be tens and hundreds who have been weakened in their old political affiliations by the same causes—disgust with Bryanistic democra cy, thw tendency to view politics from the business instead of the sentimental stand point, and th* effacement of sectional lines. _ , tnu Sixteen students at the Lo-eas. Who Northwestern universicy at Coo Too Evanston. (111., were re ■*• c quested by the faculty of jnu.cn that insUtution not to re _ turn this fall. It was not that their intel lectual qualities were below the average or that their morale were bad. Although the faculty did not put It In that delicate way, the fact was that thee« particular students— the Northwestern is coeducational, you know —spent too much time walking on Goo-Uoo avenue, tasting the Languishing Glance. Why Miss Stone Is In Grave Danger George Horton in Chicago American. If this .Miss Helen Stone, the woman who has been captured by brigands, le the eaiue Miss Stone whom I met several years ago in Athens, whither she had come on a visit with her mother, the brigand chief would be apt io prefer matrimony to money, for all accounts agree that she has been given choice of three expedients—freedom on payment of a ransom, matrimony or death. This Miss Stone that I remember was a very charming woman, one to whom the king of the mountains might well loae his heart. It may seem somewhat inconcruous to speak of a heart in connection with rough men who would carry a woman off captive; yet these same knights of the forest are a romantic lot, who are as apt to risk their lives for a pretty maiden as for loot. I went up into their country just before the war between Greece and Turkey to get material for my story, "A Fair Brigand." 1 have a very vivid recollection of the scenery, and I talked with many of the. villagers in several email mountain towns. As far as brigandage is concerned, Turkish, Greek or Bulgarian territory presents the same characteristics and the same difficulties of capture. Highm ountains, deep gorges, Inaccessible retreats, pine forests. The brigands are, for the moat part, on friendly terms with most of the villagers, whom they do not rob, but among whom they spend the money taken from rich strangers. Most of the brigands, belong to the Greek church, of which they are devout members. They give freely to some little village church, at which they worship, and to whose patron saint they pray for assistance in their haz ardous enterpises. Robbing a person who is not "orthodox" is not thought to be wicked; if a portion of the money so taken be given to the true church the deed becomes actually pious. They, therefore, are not looked upon as ter rible outlaws by the simple shepherds and villagers who know them. On the other hand, they are generally thought of as heroes and good fellows. Whether the chief of the brigands be Bul garian, Greek, Macedonian or Albanian, he is almost sure to be a handsome devil, tall, graceful, athletic. He is probably blonde, with blue eyes, red cheeks and a long, droop ing mustache. He wears an embroidered vest, a leather belt of several layers, between which are stuck pistols and a knife, with inlaid handle; and he carries a short Gras rifle. All the brigands now carry short ri- While this is all right in its place, it can j be carried to an extent that interferes with the higher education. That the faculty showed good sense in picking at least one of its victims is proved by the reply of one of the young ladies who had been requested to remain at home. She wrote: What is the use of studying botany if I am not permitted to gather flowers? Why should 1 devote myself to astronomy if I am not al- 1 lowed to look at the stars? What is the use of giving all my time to figures and neglect ing my own figure? There is a brand of co-ed who does little else than wear out the sidewalks in Goo-Goo lane and coo whenever she sees a man in the distance. The cold, repellant faculty know this girl almost by instinct, and they don't want her. Harsh, unnatural faculty] If Miss Goldman decides to deliver her antilaw and order talk again, the police are likely to look the other way when a large and Intelligent audience arises and throws the dead kitties and curios dropped by the hens of 1898. A little Chicago girl swallowed a toy bal loon. This uew article of food ought to prove especially popular on the menu card of th« congressional restaurant. "Bride" writes a local paper to find out ho*" to prepare "frozen apricots." Dear Bridie, hold apricots till January, then leave them out over night. Correspondents who expected to see Presi dent Rocsevelt put fats hands on the back of the pew and vault into his seat Sunday were disappointed. Some of the state :wspapers are careful to explain that because they are running "jag cure" ads, they are not taking out their pay in trade. I* it were a drifting match on the streets, there are a lot of men who could never get by the saloon doors, owing to the suction. There is a general tendency among corre spondents to eijvate Mr. Root Into a branch, when Mr. Hay "leaves." Do you Twig? The new doctor easily knows the difference between "go'.fing spine" and "backache." It is about $20. It looks as though Uncle Sam, in a mo meat of abeentmindedness, had spiked that cup down. AMUSEMENTS The present production of "Francesca Da Rimini" by Otis Skinner at the Metropolitan is entitled to the excellent patronage extend ed it. The play will run through the re mainder of the week, with Saturday matinee. William Collier Is to come to the Metro politan for an engagement of one week, open ing next Sunday evening. During the pres ent year Mr. Collier will be quite alone in the field of high class comedy, for Nat Good win yill remain in Europe and Sol Smith Russell is not to act. Mr. Collier's success has been rapid. It isn't so many years since he was' one of the members of the Augustin Daly company. He is to present during his entire engagement Augustus Thomas' clever comedy, "On the Quiet." "Across the Pacific," Charles E. Blaney's successful comedy-drama, which met with distinct favor on the occasion of its presenta tion here last season, Is announced for an other visit to the Bijou. Harry Clay Blaney, the popular comedian, will be seen again in the role created by him, as Willie Live, a war correspondent. Scenically Mr. Blaney's productions have always been most complete, and this is no exception to the rule. The mountain mining country, the Chinese sec tion of San Francisco, the deck scene in Sao? Francisco, with the big United States army transport ready for departure, the scenes in the Philippines and the fight at Block House 'No. 7, are all faithfully depicted. DR. HARPER'S TROUBLES Chicago Tribune. President Harper of the. University of Chi cago is receiving many letters from prospec tive students who seem to imagine that he is the whole clerical force of the Midway school, but it remained for a young woman of Pecatonica, 111., to seize on him as her escort from the depot when she reaches the city. The girl is ingenuous even to the ad mission that she is good looking. Hero is her letter, minus the signature: Dear Dr. Harper: I know you will be pleased to learn that I have decided to at tend the university school of education this Jail. lam going to Chicago next Saturday, on the morning train, and, as I have never been in the city before, I would be glad if you would meet me at the depot. I am 6 feet 4 inches tall, have light hair and eyes and a pleasing appearance. I snail wear a dark brown traveling skirt and a blue waist with white yoke. I think I shall know you from your pictures, but, for fear 1 make a mistake, will please wear your card In your hat? It was said at the university that some one —not President Harper—would be sent to the train. A Hint for Hackett. Winona Republican and Herald. It is said that Secretary Long is more than likely to be the ftret member of the present cabinet to sever his relations with the new Institution. Secretary Long should not let go until his assistant, Mr. Hackett, is safely dis posed of. In the Howlson affair, Mr. Hackett evidenced his unfltness for the position he holds, and the promptness with which Admi rals Dewey and Benham excused Admiral Howison from service on the Schley court of Inquiry should have been enough of a hint even for Mr. Harkett. But some people al ways do watt until the house fails oa them. WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 2, 1901. fles, that they may slip them under their cloaks when crossing frontiers. Miss Stone'a brigand probably wears a col ored handkerchief tied about his head and a thick capote, which he slings picturesquely over one shoulder. He ie the soul of polite ness, looking after her every little want with the greatest delicacy, and perhaps beating with sudden and savage ferocity any who show her the slightest disrespect. Now, were one of our talented llbretista handling this theme and giving way to his Imagination, he might have a pretty denoue ment, in which the fair missionary falls in love with the brigand and wins him away to long trousers and civilization. Is this not something like the plot of "Ingomar," that old-time favorite? And, indeed, there is a deserted palace near Athena that was inhabited for some time by a noblewoman of a foreign race, who fell in love with a brigand chief and married him. Her name escapes me at the present moment. If the ransoine should not be forthcoming, and Miss Stone should refuse to marry the brigand, would he order her killed? Decidedly, yes. She would be in Imminent and terrible dan ger. He would argue that she was making her own choice and that he was released from all responsibility. Moreover, the bri gands argue that if they do not carry out their threats they will lose prestige, and that henceforth no one will send the ransom de manded. Not so many years ago several Englishmen —among them a secretary of legation—were killed by brigands near Marathon. A ran som had been demanded and the usual threat made that pursuit by the authorities would endanger the lives of the captives. Troops were sent after the brigands and they were surrouuded, with the terible result that the Englishmen were butchered. The brigands in this case had been most attentive and polite. Those of them who were captured by the soldiers affirmed that they had formed quite an affection for their captives, which rendered the butchery quite a painful ordeal—for the brigands. England was convulsed with horror by this happening, Just as America will be convulsed with horror if Miss Stone be "executed." The British government and people regretted, and still regret, that they did not send the ran som. I see that the American board of missions has refused to eend the money—sllo,ooo—de manded. OTHER PEOPLE'S NOTIONS Proposal for a National McKinley Memorial. To the Editor of The Journal: It is stated that a movement has been or ganized having for its object the erection of a national monument to the memory of Pres ident McKinley at Canton, Ohio, long hte home town and the place of his sepulture. 1 beg to suggest a plan by which ample funds for such a memorial could be raised, and to which every person in the republic should be asked to contribute. The sum to j be given by each should be absolutely fixed— \ the millionaire allowed to give no more and newsboy on the street no less, so that this memorial would be the offering of the whole people, in which all should have an abso lutely equal part. Let the sum to be given by each be 10 cents only. There are over 70,000,000 men, women and children in this country, and I think that this equal contribution could be secured from 50,000,000, which would give a fund of $5,000. --000. Or, if 10 cents should be thought to be more than sufficient, or if it should be thought to prove burdensome for large fami lies of the very poorest classes, the sum might be fixed at 5 cents, which, on the ba ste of securing a response from five-sevenths of the population, would give a fund of $2,500,000. The sum to be fixed by the ma jority opinion of the state executives, but 10 be the same in all the states. Now for the method of collecting the fund: Let this general contribution be taken up in every city, town, village and hamlet throughout the country on the next birthday of President McKinley, in a manner to be prescribed. In order to give authority to the plan and confidence to the people that it will be car ried out, lee the state executives indorsee the plan and formulate a method for its execu tion in their several states. Let the state executives, or, by their re quest, the president and cabinet, appoint a non-political commission of suitable number, to serve without compensation, who shall re ceive the contributions from the several states, decide upon the character and provide for the erection of the memorial. It will be- easy to formulate a plan for making thes« collections whereby they can be completed in a single day. Mayors of cities, selectmen of towns, presidente of vil lage corporations may be charged with see ing the contributions collected In their re spective municipalities, forwarding them to the county authorities, these to the state executives and the latter sending each state's contribution to the central commission. The success of this plan would depend upon its universality and spontaneity—upon the idea that it is to represent the whole people on a basis of absolute equality—that every child, every mother, every workman, every citizen, may feel that he or she has an equal part in a noble monument which shall stand, aot alone as a memorial of our late beloved chief executive, but as a testimonial of the patriotism of the American people, of their support of law, order and Just government, and of their condemnation of anarchy and social disorder. And, flanlly, I am sure that if William McKinley can look back upon the scene of his earthly labors and upon what is being said and done in his honor, that no testimo nial could be more grateful to him than one in which children as well as parents, hand workers as well aa brain-workers, the hum blest citizens as well as the highest states men, had an equal, affectionate and patriotic part. —Z. Pope Vose. 824 Nicollet avenue. OUT OP THE CROWD Out of the rolling ocean, the crowd, came a drop gently to me. Whispering, I love you; before long I die, I have travel'd a long way merely to look on you, to touch you, For I could not die till I once looked on you, For I fear'd I might afterward lose you. Now we have met, wo have look'd, we are safe, Return In peace to the ocean, my love, I, too, am part of that ocean, my love; we are not so much separated. Behold the great rondure, the cohesion of all, how perfect! But as for me, for you, the irresistible sea is to separate us, As for an hour carrying us diverse/ yet can not carry us diverse forever. Be not Impatient—a little space—know you I salute the air, the ocean and the land Every day at sundown for your dear sake, my love! —Walt Whitman. SWEETNESS OF CHARACTER The character of William McKinler wafl the embodiment of sweetness; in all the years of my personal contact with him in the halls of congrees, never once was his temper ruf fled. He was master of himself, and therefore fit to be master of others. Never once, even in the midst of the excite ment of debate, was he betrayed into the uee of invective or personal sarcasm. Of all the men who have been in the house of represent atives during my experience there, none was ever so much beloved by his associates, and by his political opponents as well. He never allowed the truth to be misrepresented by party ambition. A Fair Qnontion. Hutchlnson Independent. If we can imprison or put under bonds John Doe for threatening to whip Robert Roe can we not devise measures for handling those whose chief mission is to educate their fel lows that all government is tyranny and that to aid In overthrowing it is to become a hero; that to murder one the people have chosen as a ruler Is to become a martyr? The gov ernment that cannot protect itself against such people Is a failure. But the people of the United Statt» can do It and will. Anarchy must go. STRIKE ) \ I^rBJINH ]» . BLVI • in, 1,,, i - - ■ -^ Copyright, 1901, by Frank D. Blue. "All the men went out at East Corinth this morning; not a train out," waa the laconic telegram handed to the superintendent when he reached his office. With him action was first, reflection afterwards, and he shouted. "Here, you boy! go hunt up Caddigan! Get him here! Hustle." In an incredibly short time Caddigan showed up, hat on one side of his bead, hands in his pockets, coolly whistling the latest popular air, a striking contrast to the bust ling activity of his superior officer. "Say, Caddigan, do you know there's a strike at East Corinth?" "Yep, heard so," was the brief response. "Well, what In blazes are you doing here anyway? Why ain't you down there? Get down on first train; it leaves in ten minutes, and see that you get trains out. Do you hear?" Underneath the apparent indifference of Caddigan lay quiet, calm and cool action, and long before he had made all plans to go to East Corinth. It would never do to say so, however, to the superintendent, who had a failing for always wishing to be the first to give orders. "All right, I'll go. Any further orders?" "Yes; you fire every son-of-a-gun that won't go back to work at once. Do you understand?" And Caddigan did understand. He under stood the superintendent better than the lat ter understood himself, and well enough to take his instructions with a grain of allow ance. "Don't compromise the company in any way, and send an immediate report of things when you gat there," were his final instruc tions. East Corinth was 300 miles away, and it was late in the evening when the superin tendent received the following telegram: "All men out; 'Hed Jack' Podeck is run ning strike; swears not a train shall leave here: all sympathize with yard men; things shaky. —Caddigan." Caddigan was very popular among the men. He had risen from among them, having him self twisted brakes and shoveled coal, and reaching his present position, train master, by sheer force of character, combined with harS and willing work. Tne strike ran along without Incident for several days. Each attempt to get a train out resulted in failure; the men were watch ful and headed off each move towards getting yard work done. It would seem no hard matter to get trains out once in a while, as the engineers, firemen, conductors and brakemen were not engaged ,in the strike, but sympathy ran rampant and failure was recorded each time. One evening the superintendent received a section of a telegram reading: "I will get a train out to-morrow " ap parently from Caddigan, but the operator said the wire was down and he could not get the rest, and direct communication ceased. All trains had to pass the telegraph tower, where th^ interlocking switches were, a point closely guarded by the strikers, pickets being constantly on guard. Caddigan knew | this point held the key to the situation, and Ihe directed his attention to it. He tried to get authority from headquarters, but the telegraph operators, though not on strike and apparently playing fair, managed to favor the strikers. It is a comparatively easy matter to have the wires "down." Nothing daunted by this, Caddigan resolved to "stand the lay-out" and "go It alone." To get dependable men not in sympathy with the strikers was not an easy matter, yet It was accomplished in time. Taking these men aside, he told them to go down into t^e yard at noon, a time when few strikers were around, and disconnect all the brake chains on a train of cars that had been ready to go east since the strike began. He then went to the tower. Mort Collum, one of the best-known operators of the mid dle west, was in charge. "Mort," Caddigan said, "I want you to give a clear track for an out-bound freight at 1 o'clock." "All right, sir," he said. '-But don't you think you had better wait till wings grow on your box cars? You'll never get a car by on wheels." "It won't cost much to try," Caddigan Daily New York Letter Bisaert Going to Jail. Oct. 2.—George Bissert, Captain Diamond's former wardman, will have to go to state prison for accepting a bribe from Lena Schmidt to allow her to run a disorderly hcueo at 27 Stuyvesant street. District At torney Philbin received a letter to-day from Supreme Court Justice Hooker of Fredonia saying that he had decided to deny Blssert's motion for a stay of execution of Recorder Goff's sentence of five years and six months Imprisonment and $1,000 «lne, and also not to grant a certificate of reasonable doubt. Rogers Was Worth $5,500,000. The official appraisement of the estate of Jacob S. Rogers, the locomotive builder of Paterson, who left his millions to the Metro politan Museum of Art, has been filed at the surrogate' 3 office In Paterson. It shows that he was •worth a little more than $5,500,000. Au interesting thing is the smallness of the amount of jewelry he possessed. Double taxes will have to be paid on all the personal property. The state of New Jersey will ex act 5 per cent on the whole of this valuation. In addition, about $500,000 must be paid un der the state laws providing that no stock may be transferred from the name of a dead person on the stock book of a corporation unless a tax is paid upon it. Surface Roads Welcome Subway. One of the officers of the surface lines said Saturday, Breaking of the effect the subway would have on the surface lines, that he Is glad the subway is being built. "We have too many long haul passengers," he said. "It would pay us to station a man at One- Hundred-and-Twenty-fifth street with a bag of nickels and pay people for riding down town In the subway. The number of short haul passengers we would get on the way down would repay us that nickel." Padereivaki Coming This Winter. Announcement is made that Paderewskl ■will likely come over to superintend the pro- <^*V3x<vy./c( JARRED. Grudey Stone—You shouldn't pick your teeth before gentlemen. Mr. Blzi Saw—l never do. laughingly replied, "and at the worst, it can only bo another failure." CaddLgan then went to the engine-house and had old 142 fired up. She was in charge ot Andy Devine. "I want you to be right on time, Andy," said Caddigan. "Back right down into the yard, couple on to that train of care and start for Europe, straight across the pond Pay no attention to any stop signals until you are at least ten miles out." "I'll do It, sir; but suppose I lose my cars—" "do on, Andy," Caddigan called back; "you'll have your cars all right. Trust m« for that." The engine went to the yard without trouble, and no effort was made to prevent coupling on to the cars. When the train reached the tower many stop signals were given, but, obedient to orders, Andy paid no attention to them. Instead, every effort was made to get up speed before passing the tower, where the strikers were thickest. As the train passed, many strikers, accustomed to jumping upon moving trains, easily climbed upon the cars. Andy watched them curiously, and re marked to hie fireman: "Just watch them fellows stop us. There's enough of 'em tp set every brake in two minutes." Caddigan never told a man more than was necessary to carry out a plan of action. That was the reason he usually came out with fly ing colors. By the time the striker* found the brakes were useless and began to real ize how they had been fooled, the train wae running fully thirty miles an hour and still gaining speed. A few of the more daring jumped off, but the results witnessed by those who remained on the rapidly moving train discouraged emulation. A hasty meet ing was called on the top of the cars. "Podeek," as usual, led the men, and, turn ing to his ever faithful partner, Pete, he hurriedly aaid: "Pete, let's run ahead and take the engine." " 'Taint »afe, Red," he said. "Didn't you ccc them fellers watching us? There's about five on the engine." Podeek saw the point and hedged. "Well, boys, I guess we're in for it. What'll we do now?" McCollum spoke up. "Let's sue for peace: I'm willin'." A rush was made for the caboose, where Caddigan calmly watched them. It was a hard dose to swallow, but no compromise was now possible. "Caddigan, you've got u«," was Red's brief introduction. "We want to go back." "O, you do, do you? Aren't you having a nice ride? It's cheap, too. You are not kicking on the fare, are you?" was. Caddi gan's rejoinder. Not a word was said until McCollum, in his squeaky voice, wailed: "Och, be aisy on us au' let us off." "Well, 1 guww not," said Caddigan. "This is a through train; the first stop is fifty miles out; the fare back is only three cents a mile, and that will give you a very cheap one hundred-niile ride." They all began to plead for mercy at once, and Caddigan relented when MeCollum win ningly exclaimed: "Bedad! We're fifteen miles out now, and I want to get home to supper. I'm hungry this minute!" Well, seeing it's you, I'll let you off," said Caddigan. "But, remember, you owe me fare; you forgot to pay It." A stop signal slowed up the train, and the men dejectedly dropped off alongside the track, a sadder and wiser party. It was au extremely hot day; they were over fifteen miles from East Corinth; and a wide stretch ot bottom land lay between them and home. The road was coal slack ballast and attracted the heat. As old Sol was doing & little strik ing on his own account, it seemed as €very thing in range would melt. What was aaid upon that long, hot, tiresome walk, -with nut even a shade tree to rest under, would hardly do for sensitive souls to hear. Yet, under the circumstances, the recording angel pos sibly stopped his ears and forgot to chalk up a full run. Next morning the superintendent found the following telegram on his desk: "All trains out on time to-day. Will be back on No. 20. —Cad&lgan." duetlon of his opera, "Manru." at the Metro politan opera-house. A letter received from his European manager a few weeks ago in dicated that he was not likely to come, aa he had arranged concert tours for Italy and Spain. These, according to the- dispatch, ho has now abandoned. When Mr. Grau ar ranged with Paderewski for the production of the opera the composer insisted on the en gagement of the Polish tenor, Bandrowski. for the leading part, as he f regarded his per formance of it as ideal. Bandrowski was ac cordingly engaged, and, beiiig under contract to Mr. Grau for the season, he will sing oth er parts besides that in "Manru." Iron In Marble '■rounds Current. At the handsome estate of W. K. Vander bilt, "Idle Hour." at Oakdale, L. 1., It was found that the electric lighting waa defective at fcome point. Thorough inspection of the machinery failed to reveal the source of trouble. It waa, however, found In the Im mense marble slab in the switchboard. A \-»>ln of iron In the marble was sufficiently developed to allow the current to ground. The new switchboard being put In will re quire the time of six men for one month. Heiress Died a Pauper. Mrs. Mary Minich for eight years lived in the poorhouse at Wilikesbarre, Pa., although at the time she was heir to 140,000 left her by Rudolph Bach of Brooklyn. The admin istrators of the estate tried for years to find her, and when at last they traced her to the almshouse they learned that she died a. d*u per'B death a year ago. Entertained His Burglar. Charles Samuels of Syracuse wu awak ened by the falling of dishes and saw a man in rhe dining-room. He called to the man to throw up his hands, asked him to hAve a seal, and lit his pipe. He gave the burglar a cigar and they discussed the matter. The burglar broke down and begged to be al lowed to go. He offered to pay for the crock ery, and this was accepted.