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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, October 08, 1901, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1901-10-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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Marquis ItoThu passes Over Japan's
Relations to the i^Ty Bear
of the Russians.
The Grand Old Man of Japan Reaches
the Twin Cities on His
Way East
Marquis Ito, Japan's great statesman,
arrived in Minneapolis on the Great
Northern flyer at 2 o'clock this afternoon.
He and his party went through to St. Paul,
where they are to be the guests of James
J. Hill. They- will remain in the twin
cities until to-morrow night, when they
will probably leave for Chicago. A
Journal man who met the marquis was
cordially granted an extensive interview.
The marquis is greatly pleased with the
warmth of the reception thus far given
him in the Unitd States.
Marquis Ito, at once the Bismarck and
the Gladstone of Japan, says that Japan's
mission Is one of peace, and her hope for
the future the development of her re
sources and the continued betterment of
the condition of her people.
Ito is regarded as the Bismarck of Ja
pan because of his work in rejuvenating
the island empire. He has proved himself
a Gladstone In his wise administration of
the affairs of state. The growth of con
stitutional liberty and constitutional gov
ernment marks the progress of the world
to the higher state. As an advocate of
that principle, Ito stands as one of the
truly great men of the age.
The Japanese statesman says that the
primary purpose of his present trip is to
restore his health. He acknowledges that
he Is an interested student of American
ways and American men. Japan regards
the United States with the greatest friend
ship. America, through the acquisition
of the Philippines is a near neighbor to
Japan In the orient. He believes that the
two countries have a great future in the
world's trade, interests which will in no
wise conflict.
The visit of Ito to America carries with
it the purpose of getting in touch with the
centers of Influence in the business and
political circles of this country. Japan is
preparing to work out a great industrial
program in which Ito is to play a promi
nent part. He comes to cultivate and
cement the friendship between Japan and
her greatest customer. His mission is
one of business.
Ito's Practical Work.
This Gladstone of the island empire ha 3
done most of the investigating of occi
dental methods for the ambitious giant
of the orient. When a young man he
persuaded his prince to allow him to
ferret out the secrets of the English
shipyards, a work which resulted in the
development ol the Japanese navy. In
IS6B he came to America to study coin
age; in 1874 to talk treaty. In 1901 he
comes to discuss transportation prob
lems with the greatest railway construc
tive genius of the age, James J. Hill.
He comes to investigate American manu
Japan^has finally determined that cheap
labor cannot compete' with American ma
chinery. Therefore, the best imitators in
the world send their leader to seek in
struction from the greatest inventors in
the world.
Commodore Perry went to Japan in the
flf^f^ ShKy VSTJ
The leading statesman of Japan, who is on a tour through the United States, and
Visits the twin cities to-day. The picture is reproduced from a Japanese photograph
furnished to The Journal several years ago, while Ito was premier, by R©y.
Clay Macauley. formerly of Minneapolis, an 4 w>w * prominent educator 1 of Japan.
fifties to request the opening of a port
or two for American trade. Ito comes to
America at the beginning of the new
century as the representative of the lib
eral, progressive element that has made
Japan what she is to-day, to cement fur
ther that commercial friendship. America
now takes 40 per cent of the exports of
Japan. Ito says that Japan will return
the compliment. He sees in America the
commeri .al and \,. itieal surprise of the
age. He believes that her progressive
policy of internal development has been
the groat factor. He is devoting his at
tention to that element in Japan's prog
ress. He is deeply interested in America's
educational system. He seeks the ac
quaintance of American railway en
gineers. He desires to become thorough
ly acquainted with American highways
of commerce and the accompanying facil
This Japanese statesman is .uch in
terested in the wheat-growing, flour
manufacturing northwest. He makes the
important point that America must find a
market for her increasing surpus. Japan,
with her millions of people is cultivating
the taste for our breadstuffs. The oppor
tunity is one for the future. He says that
Japan grows more liberal toward the em
ployment of foreign capital in her indus
tries, and .'jr that capital sue would uai
urally look to England and America. Her
railroads, her, mines ,and her factories
of the future jnust be partially developed
with the aid of outside money. Economic
conditions in Japan are gradually recov
ering from the reaction which followed the
trade expansion subsequent to the war
with China. The gold standard is work
ing out satisfactorily.
His Personal Appearance.
Ito is small In stature. His manner is
pleasant. He looks rather younger than
his 60 years. He has the robust appear
ance of the man of 50 whose constitution
has served him well. His hair from
the forehead to the crown is disappearing.
His mustache and chin whiskers are
streaked with gray. He dresses like an
American; wears the black suit with
Prince Albert coat. In the buttonhole of
the left lapel of the- coat he wears the
insignia of the Chrysanthemum order, the
highest honor that may be conferred by
the mikado on one of his subipcts.
The great man travels in simple style.
He was assigned the drawing-room of one
of the regular sleepers. His secretaries
and physician were assigned sections. Ito
says that he carries his friendship for
American ways even to his menu list.
As he put it to The Journal, "I en-
Joy American diet very much."
He Seeks Information.
The Japanese minister is inclined to ask
as many questions as his interviewer. He
followed his answers to several questions
with a query as to the northwest, its re
sources and industries. He asked ques
tions about the solution of the negro
Continued on Second Page.
m^* sltojiWd town. i]M
J^^^'ifr 'I *El 'l'l^ l_' lll _mMfn'//
Important Work of the Mc-|
Kinley Administration.
Great Britain Gives Proof of Its
Friendly Disposition.
Central American States "Would
Profit Greatly by Giving
Necessary Concessions.
Special to The Journal.
Chicago, Oct. B.—Walter Wellman, in a
Washington special to the Record-Herald
this afternoon, says that great satisfac
tion is expressed in all circles there over
the news that a new isthmian canal treaty
has been negotiated with Great Britain.
There is general appreciation of the fact
that this is perhaps the last important
work of the administration of President
McKinley. What has been achieved was
achieved by the late president and by his
brilliant secretary of state, Mr. Hay. Tt
is to that administration the credit be
! longs, and it is freely given by President
Roosevelt and his friends.
There is additional cause for gratifica
tion in the fact that Colonel Roosevelt
was consulted about this treaty before the
negotiations were entered upon and that
he gave his adherence to the principles
involved. The president is therefore able
to carry the work on with energy and en
thusiasm. The terms of the new treaty
are very nearly as Colonel Roosevelt him
self would have written them six months
ago, and the minor particulars in which
he would have them different are of small
importance. %
Proof of British Good Will.
As the then Vice President Roosevelt
said at the time he was consulted by
Secretary Hay, no government can expect
to write both sides of a treaty. It takes
two to make a bargain.
: Nevertheless, virtually all the :
: concessions- have been made by :
: Great Britain—another proof of :
: the earnest desire of British states- :
: men to continue the most amicable :
: relations with the United States. :
Among all classes of public men satis
faction is expressed over this happy way
out of the difficulty. No one doubts that
had Great Britain refused to accede to
a treaty fully meeting American opinion
on this subject, congress would have tak
en the bull by the horns during the com
ing winter and abrogated the 1 old Clayton-
Bulwer treaty by legislative enactment.
There is a feeling that this was not the
best and most creditable way out of the
old bargain, and many senators and rep
resentatives would have voted for It with
great reluctance as a matter of necessity
alone. In that event the United States
would, without doubt, have been charged
throughout the world with disregard of
its obligations and our critics on the
j continent would have joined in the hue
and cry about our dishonesty. For once
England would have been compelled to
side with them, or at least maintain
Fortunate Eicape.
Getting the old treaty out of the way
by the honorable method of an amicable
agreement is therefore a fortunate escape
from an awkward situation.
Now that an arrangement with Great
Britain concerning the canal seems to ha
assured at an early date, there is a good
deal of curiosity as to whether Nicaragua
and Costa Rica will be willing to conclude
treaties with our government clearing the
way for the isthmian canal. More than
a year ago these two governments signed
protocols or treaties based on the then
pending Bsy-Pauncefcte treaty. In those
protocols It was agreed that in case of the
ratification of treaty by the United States
and Great Britain similar to the treaty
then before the United States senate,
Nicaragua and Cogta Rica would grant
such and such conc'bbflcns to the Unived
States. While the Central American
states have not been heard from of late,
there is little reason to doubt that they
will be satisfied with the terms of the
new treaty and that they will gladly con
clude new arrangements with the United
The truth about the Central American
situation is well known here, and that
truth is that all those states are exceed
ingly anxious to have the isthmian canal
Boon to Central America.
The pouring in of hundreds of millions
of our money in that work means a boom
of gigantic dimensions to the country or
countries fortunate enough to be the thea
ter of operations. It means not only em
ployment for many thousands of men, but
a revival of trade, the building up of new
forte and cities and an influx of men.
It is also well known that at the bottom
of the recent disturbances in Colombia
was a desire on the part of that ambitious
leader, President Castro of Venezuela, to
gain possession of the route of the Pana
ma canal. He had formed the notion, that
the nUited States was going to take over
the Panama route and he wanted to be in
position to demand his "bite" or pound of
flesh. Our government very quietly but
firmly informed him that w,hile we had
nothing to do with the neighborhood
squabbles in that region, we did have an
interest in all trans-isthmian projects and
transportation and were not in a mood to
be trifled with. Since his receipt of that
communication the ambitious Mr. Castro
has not been quite so rampant as there
Skepard Tells What He Will Do If
Made Mayor.
New York, Oct. B.—ln concise, unmis
takable terms, Edward M. Shepard de
fined his attitude when, last night, he
accepted the democratic 'nomination for
mayor of New York. Deliberately he told
those who formally informed him of his
selection that in no jot or tittle would
he recede from the position he always
has maintained concerning municipal
The small company he faced listened
intently; seldom did they interrupt him
by applause. As he proceeded their faces
evinced their surprise, and when it was
over they fell into deep meditation. As
the contingent from the Manhattan side
of the river returned over the bridge
not a few expressed the belief that should
Shepard be elected he-would hearken to
the dictates of no boss, and that he him
self would be master.
Ex-Secretary Caleb Powers' Second
Trial Opens.
Georgetown, Ky. ( Oct. B.—The second trial
of ex-Secretary Caleb Powers as accessory
to the murder of Governor Goebel began to
day. Judge Cantrill read the affidavit filed
by the prisoner's attorneys setting forth the
"alleged partisanship of the court, that the
judge Is a candidate for senator and deeply
prejudiced against the defendant personally
as well as politically," and so forth.
Commonwealth Attorney Franklin argued
that the affidavit was not within the law. He
said the affidavit was a mere recitation of
the prisoner's conclusions and opinions over
his alleged inability to get a fair trial. Colo
nel Campbell delivered a bitter speech against
those who thus reflected on the court.
Judge Cantrill refused to vacate the bench,
saying the affidavit should have been filed
before the judge had taken any action In
the case. He refused to discuss the sections
of the affidavit which related to himself, but
denied that the Jury In the former trial had
been unfairly chosen. The counsel for the
commonwealth then proceeded with the trial.
lowa's Centenarian Is Dead
Special to The Journal.
Clinton, lowa, Oct. B.—William Zimmer. aged 103 years, died hei'e to-day. He
attended Governor Shaw's inauguration two years ago, and has always enjoyed
food health. t
C. & N.-W. to Build From
Winona to Twins via
Special to The Journal.
Winona, Minn., Oct. B.—lt was learned
here to-day from a source believed to be
absolutely reliable that the railway sur
vey recently made between Minnesota City
and Plainview, and commonly credited to
the Chicago Great Western road, was in
reality made by the Chicago & North-
Western road and is in furtherance of a
project that will mean much to southern
The plan is to build a line from Winona
to the twin cities by way of Altura,
Plainview and Zumbrota, going through a
territory now having no direct twin City
connection and giving the Nc-rth-Western
road two through lines between Chicago
and the twin cities, the lines using the
same track between Chicago and Elroy,
and dividing there, the Omaha using its
present tracks and the new line running
over the present North-Western track to
Winona and thence over the new line to
Minneapolis and St. Paul. It is reason
ably certain the line will be built next
Bishop Whipple's Name May Be
Perpetuated at the U. of M.
The Alternative Is to Raise the Debt
of Seabury Divinity
Shall the Episcopalians of Minnesota
erect a dormitory at the state university
to toe known as Whipple Hall, and de
signed as a memorial of the late bishop,
or shall Seabury Divinity school at Fari
bault be freed from debt? Those ere the
alternative suggestions made in the report
of the memorial committee appointed at
the bishop's funeral.
Episcopalians generally would favor the
first suggestion, if satisfactory arrange
ments could be made. However, they real
ize that the state legislature would never
permit the erection of a secular building
upon the university campus, and that
should Whipple Hall be. built it must bfc
on outside property. However, there are
several good, available sites fronting upon
the campus, although land in close prox
imity to the university is somewhat ex
It is a peculiar feature of life at the
state university that the big institution
has no dormitories. Such a thing as a
dormitory under university supervision Is
unknown; and for this reason th© pro
posed Whipple Hall would be a most ac
ceptable addition to the college buildings,,
even though it could not be erected on
the campus proper, unless, indeed, its en
tire management should be turned over to
the university authorities.
Moreover, it is pointed out that Seaibury
school is getting along very well as it is;
and that its situation in Faribault, where
both Shattu«k and St. Mary's schools will
remain as lasting memorials to the energy
and e/bility otf the dead bishop renders an
other memorial there unnecessary.
Lieutenant Commander "Nails" a
Newspaper Story That Reflected
Upon Schley's Courage.
Plucky Commander Wainwright of
the Gloucester Furnishes Tes
timony of Interest.
Washington, Oct. B.—ln the Schley cort
of inqiry to-day Lieutenant C. W. Dyson
of the bureau of steam engineering of the
navy department was recalled to continue
his testimony regarding the coal supply
of Admiral Schley's flying squadron at
the time of its arrival off Santiago har
bor on May 28, 1898. He was brought in
this morning at the instance of Admiral
Schley's counsel for the purpose of giving
further testimony concerning the avail
ability of the coal supply in charging the
enemy. It was the understanding when
court opened that Commander Richard
Wainwright would be the principal wit
ness of the day and that after he should
be excused Messrs. Bristol, Grant and
Potts would be called in the order named.
The three last mentioned were all watch
officers on various vessels of the Ameri
can fleet on July 3, when the navel en
gagement off Santiago was fought. It has
been the desire of the court to secure
as much testimony as possible from the
men whose especial duty it was to keep
a lookout, and these three officers were
summoned to gratify this wish.
xhere was a special interest in Com
mander Wainwright's testimony because
of his prominent identification with thr-
Spanish war, and also because of the fact
that he Is now superintendent of the
naval academy at Annapolis. During the
summer of 1898 Mr. Wainwright com
manded the converted yad»t Gloucester,
which played a conspicuous part in the
campaign against the Spaniards. In the
battle of July 3 his vessel occupied a po
sition on the extreme right of the Ameri
can column to the east of the Indiana,
and when the Spanish torpedo boats Plu
ton and Furor came out of the harbor,
he attacked them fearlessly and aided in
their destruction. He also was an ob
server of the battle between the big ships
of the two fleets.
Advised a Japanese Method.
The proceedings of the day began by
the recall of. Captain W. M. Folger for
the purpose of correcting his testimony
of yesterday. Advantage was taken of his
presence to ask him further questions
concerning the blockade of Santiago.
Among other questions he was asked by
Captain Lemly if he had had any con
versation with Commodore Schley during
the blockade. He replied:
_ Toward the evening of the 30th there was
an extended, very severe rain storm, so se
vere that I feared Cervera had gotten out, as
It was sufficiently long to have permitted him
to do so. I went on board the flagship the
next day, thinking it my duty to tell the com
modore what I had seen as to the blockade
as kept by the Japanese off the port of Wei-
Hei, where similarly an* enemy's fleet was
within a fortified harbor. I said to the com
modore that the adoption of the tactics of the
Japanese, forming a circle directly in front
of the harbor, would, in my opinion, be pre
ferable, as then It would be difficult for any
thing to get out.
Judge Advocate—Was there any reply by
the commodore?
Witness—l cannot testify exactly as to his
reply. I would prefer not to do so.
Judge Advocate —Give the substance.
Witness—He did not agree with me as to
the necessity for that.
Judge Advocate—Was there anything fur
ther said by him?
Witness—Nothing further that I recollect.
Lieutenant Dyson was called. He waa
questioned by Captain Lemly concerning
the steaming conditions of the Brooklyn
on July 3. The witness said:
Judging from the time It took to start fires
in these boilers after the Spanish fleet came
r#t of the harbor, I should say the furnace*
were not even primed and two of the boilers
had to be run up to the sea steaming level.
It took from 9:35 to 10 o'clock to start fires.
In response to questtions from Captain
Parker, he said that the New York had
not had her engines coupled on the day
of battle and that the Brooklyn had made
all the speed necessary.
"Liar and Blackguard."
Lieutenant Commander Hodgson was re
called for the purpose of correcting er
rors in his testimony as printed in the
official record. He took ocaeion to change
some of the language of his previous tes
timony. One of these changes was made
in response to questions asked yesterday
as to why he had designated as "a liar
and a blackguard," the editor of a news
paper which had originally printed the al
leged colloquy between himself and Com
modore Schley. He saiS he desired to al
ter the reply that he had yesterday given
to this interrogatory. He then said:
I, of course, am very sorry that I ever so •
far forgot myself ac to write a letter contain
ing such Intemperate language. It was not
written exactly for publication, but under
great provocation at the time. In this letter
I did not accuse the newspaper of lying for
printing that statement In fact It was to
absolve it from lying that I gave the paper
Turkish Cession to Russia
London, Oct. B.—The Brussels correspondent of the Times quotes a dispatch sent
by the Constantinople representative of the Independence Beige, which repeats th»
rumor that Russia will intervene in the dispute between Turkey and Prance. The
porte is said to be willing, in exchange for Russia's assistance in obtaining a friendly
settlement, to cede to Russia the port of Burghas, seventy-six miles northeast of
Adrianople, and only ten hours' steam from Constantinople. The rumor is not con
firmed. The cession of the port would create a grave situation, giving Russia virtual
command of the Black sea and enabling her 1 to occupy Constantinople at a tow h«w»"
authority to use my name for the corrections
of the gist of that statement.
o o
: The lying was in the statement that :
: the cornodore displayed such trepi- :
: elation aud cowardice on the Brooklyn :
: the day of the battle that he ran from :
: the Spaniards and took the Brooklyn :
: to the southward aud away from the :
: fight, in order to detract from the :
: credit of the fame of the commodore :
: in that battle; that they wished also :
: to detract from the credit of all the :
: officers of the Brooklyn on account of :
: the glorious part she took in that :
: day's flght. It was the words to that :
: effect that I characterized as lying. :
0 o
There was no lying in that colloquy unless
a man stuck to the verbal correctness of tha
words. So I did not characterize the paper
as a liar for printing that colloquy.
Say» Wuimvrijtyit.
Commander Wainwright was called.
Captain Lemly began his examination by
drawing from the witness the fact that he
had been a member and later senior mem
ber of the board which had officially acted
in making the chart showing the positions
of the American and Spanish ships at San
tiago. The witness told how conclusions
were reached by that board.
He said:
When I reported as senior member of tho
board, the board of navigators had a sketched
chart before them with the number of the
ositions sketched on it, which had been de
i mined by them, starting at different pe
riods, first when the ships came out and aft
erwards when they went ashore. Each navi
gator, as near as possible, would put tha
position of his ship at that time. Then there
was a great deal of disousslon as to th«
relative positions. Of course it was impos
sible to get any position by bearings and
nothing was known about the relative posi
tions. We also knew that the distances la
the chart were somewhat incorrect and tha
bud decision of the board was to reconcile
eac one as near as possible, but none of tha
positions was considered exact. The im
possibility of getting beariugs, even if we had
had a correct chart, was apparent, but it gava
a general idea o:" the positions of the ves
sels during different periods of the battle.
Asked by Mr. Rayner about the places
assigned to the Brooklyn and the Texas
while the former vessel was making her
loop, Commander Wainwright said he did
not consider them correct. Question*
were put by the court and answered as
Were the positions of the ships as shown
on the chart in question obtained from tes
timony taken by the board or from a general
discussion of the members of the board?
Almost entirely by general discussion by
the members of the board. Captain Chadwlck
and Captain Cook discussed the matter with
the board.
Prom the position of the Gloucester at the
commencement of the battle of July 3 could
you see both the Brooklyn and the Texas?
I do not remember seeing them at the com
mencement of the battle.
What orders, if any, were signalled by the
Brooklyn to the'fleet during the engagement
of July 3. 1
I saw none.
Mr. Rayner—This does not mean that no
signals were displayed, does it? ■
No, it does not. '
The Court—Did any one of the Spanish ves
sels change her course to the southward as It
intending to ram one of the fleet?
I saw no signs of it.
Lieutenant M. L. Bristol, former watch
and division officer on the Texas, -was
called. He had only related the arrival
of the Texas at Cienfuegos and detailed
conditions there when the court took a
recess lor luncheon.
( online Attain.
Lieutenant Bristol continued his testi
! mony at the afternoon session. Speaking
of he blockade of Cienfuegds.'he said that
during the day • the : ships " lay from five
to ten miles from the shore, steaming in
nearer at night; then; going farther out
and returning nearer at daybreak. He
had observed the signal - lights on the
shore near Cienfuegos, but had not un
derstood their significance. With respect
to coaling ' he said that on one 1 occasion,
while off Cienfuegos, Captain Philip had
signalled to the flagship that he consid
ered it dangerous to put the collier be*
tween the Texas ' and lowa, " "meaning by
that it was dangerous to a collier to put
it between \ two battleships' regardless of
the weather. He also told of the injury
to the Texas in coaling while off Santi
ago, but> said it was not • due ■to the
weather. '?,'.&■'.':<".*'s\-:v':i'-*-<'<:
Mr. Hanna here asked witness: "If the
vessels of the Spanish squadron had sud
deuly appeared, what orders had you
to meet such a contingency?"
"No orders wer turned over to me In
regard to a contingency of that kind,"
replied witness.
"As watch officer should you have had
such orders?"
"I should have had.'
Sampson Angry Because Schley W»
Called a Coward.
New York, Oct. B.—Colonel Robert M.
Thompson of this city, president of the

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