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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, October 19, 1901, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1901-10-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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Offset to Criticism for Booker
Washington Incident.
Chivalrous Ideas and Prejudice at
Odds in the South.
President Koonrvrlt iKnorea the
tluiMor Over Tlilh Matter I'er
■uuul to Himself.
Special to The Journal.
Chicago, Oct. 19. —The Tribune to-day
says that throughout the southern states
yesterday the press and people discussed
the president's action in having Booker T.
■Washington as a guest at a private din
ner in the White House. While among
the rabid anti-negro element and in the
ranks of the irreconcilables there was de
nunciation, at times bitter, still the more
advanced southorn sentiment was inclined
to regard the incident merely as a suit
able courtesy to a worthy man. Thp
chivalrous notion that the president has
the right accorded to a private citizen to
choose his own dinner guests was at odds
In the south with the deep-seated preju
dice against anything tending toward so
cial equality between whites and blacks.
In many cases the chivalrous fi-ellng pre
vailed and adverse criticism was with
held. One significant feature of the sensa
tion thus wrought up in the south was
that scarcely anybody would allow his
name with uncomplimentary opinion to
be quoted in the newspapers. The denun
ciations were in most cases strictly
BoMtou < onuiteiulat ion.
In Boston the matter was discussed and
universal opinion there commended the
dinner-host and guest.
"Last commencement Booker Washing
ton sat at Harvard's table. By that we
expressed what we think of him," was the
way President Elliot of Harvard univers
ity expressed it.
"When Booker Washington was here
last winter I entertained him at my table,
and should he be here again this winter
I shall hope for the honor," said Professor
Charles Elliot Norton.
"It was a fine object lesson and most
encouraging. It was the act of a gentle
man, an act of unconscious, natural sim
plicity," said William Lloyd (iarridon.
"I think the action of the president in
entertaining Booker T. Washington at the
executive mansion was eminently wise,
timely and proper," was the view of Henry
B. Blackwell.
In Washington it was noted that some
of those southern democrats who professed
to be scandalized by the proceeding were
at the White House during the day seek
ing favors at the hand of the president.
Senator-eloct Bailey, of Texas, was of
this class. The president himself paid
no heed to the clamor over what is re
garded among more intelligent people as
a matter personal to himself, but in offi
cial circles it is suggested that now dur
ing the period of official mourning no din
ner at the White House can assume a pub
lic character.
Mason to the Fore.
"Because the president entertained this
man." said Senator Mason last night to
the members of the Young Men's club of
the Fourth Presbyterian church, "he is
being basted and lampooned from one end
of the country to the other by a certain
set of people." He continued:
Did you ever meet Booker T. Washington?
Did you ever hear him talk or learn of the
work he has been doing? Undoubtedly you
have, and with me admire him for his no
bility and unselfishness of character and his
modesty and Christian fortitude—and it is
this man who is being talked about, and it
is our president who is being criticized for
sitting at the same table with him. I tell
you, young men of this club, It Is a disgrace.
Enthusiastic applause greeted this por
tion of the senator's talk. In fact, the j
reception given these declarations was
more emphatic than bestowed upon any
other statement made by the senator with
the possible exception of his scathing re
buke to anarchists and eulogy to William
McKinley. ■ ' '-
He Refuse* to Take Any Phase of the
Subject Seriously. - .
Fr»m The Juvrnal Bureau. Room dS, F»M
Muiidina, Wmihinoton.
Washington; Oct. 19.—Northern senti
ment in this part of the country sustains
the attitude 'of President Roosevelt re
garding the Booker T. Washington affair.
The president's keen sense of humor has
come to his aid and he refuses to take
any phase of the present southern dis
turbance seriously. He will not discuss
it with newspaper men^at all, but to per
sonal friends be appears to be greatly
amused over the ridiculous attitude which
the south has assumed.
Below this inffereit exterior, however,
Is a will of Iron which will neither bend
nor break. The president's policy re
garding White House table invitations:
will not be changed as a result of south
ern criticism. He will proceed as if noth- '
ing had happened. Northern newspapers
in the larger eastern cities are ignoring
the matter so far as they can and refer
ring to it as a "tempest in a teapot." ■
When they discuss it editorially they up- >
hold the president, without exception. It '
13 perhaps true that the southern sense
of the eternal fitness of things has not !
been so outraged since the civil war. The
dinner has been tho subject of explosive I
and bitter comment in every county south
of Mason and Dixon's line during the past
two days. I
—W. W. Jermane.
Mm. Roosevelt Elected by Army and
Nary Chanter.
»«> York Sun Special Service
Washington, Oct. 19.—Mrs. Roosevelt
has been informed by the Army and Xavy
chapter of the D. A. R., of her election
to honorary membership in that chapter.
In a few days she will receive her ceriiii
rate and the badge of the order. The
badge will be of the finest workmanship,
the spinning wheel being in solid gold and
blue enamel, the thirteen stars made of
email diamonds. Mrs. Roosevelt, although
eligible to the society, has never applied
for membership. A reception will be ten
dered to the D. A. R. by Mrs. Roosevelt.
Welt Dei Moinew Football Team
\Vin» the Laurel.
Dcs Moines, lowa, Oct. 19.—1n a con
test for the state high school champion
ship the West Dcs Moines football team
defeated Ottumwe by 34 to 0.
Governor Pillsbury's Death
Brings Sorrow to All.
Prominent Men Will Bear and Es
cort the Casket.
Kiiii)oye« of the Grent Mills Will At
tend the Services at
the Cirare.
Seldom has a man died whose passing
has occasioned such general regret
throughout the state as has the death of
Former Governor J. S. Pillsbury, whose
name will go down to history as the
greatest philanthropist Minnesota ever
called her own.
Governor Pillsbury's death has been a
cause for mourning not only among his
personal friends and business associates,
but among the tens of thousands who knew
him only by his works and who loved him
for the good he did.
The funeral will be held from the First
Congregational church at 2 o'clock to
morrow afternon, the services being con
ducted by Rev. E. W. Shurtleff, pastor of
the chruch, assisted by Rev. George R.
Merrill, its former pastor. The morning
service at the church will be omitted, and
the body of the former governor will lie
in state between the hours of 10:30 and
12, attended by a guard of honor made up
from the cadet officers of the state uni
versity corps. The interment will be at
The active pall-bearers will be L. P.
Hubbard, Henry L. Little, C. M. Amsden,
George F. Porter, James T. Wyman, R.
M. Bennett, W. F. Decker and Professor
George B. Frankforter. The honorary
pall-bearers will be: Former Governor
Alexander Ramsey, Senator William D.
Washburn, Greenleaf Clark, Dr. Cyrus
Northrop, Governor S. R. Van Sant, Judge
William J-ochren, Former Governor A. R\-
McGill, Joseph Wheelock, P. D. McMillan,
Former Governor John Lind, Dr. W. W.
Folwell, Judge Henry G. Hicks, Judge
Charles M. Start, H. P. Upham, John Mar
tin, J. B. Gilflllan and William B. Dean.
To Attend the Funeral.
Alexander Ramsey, president of tha
Minnesota Historical society, has ap
pointed the following committee to repre
sent the pociety at the funeral: John D.
Ludde.n, Charles E. Flandrau, Henry L.
Moss, James H. Baker, William H. Dun
woody, C. M. Loring, Samuel H. Thayer
and Professor N. H. Winchell. The at
tendance by club members, however, will
not by any means be restricted to this
Members of the Territorial Pioneers'
association, of which Former Governor
Pillsbury was the president, will attend, I
each member wearing the badge of the
association veiled In crape. Members of
the Loyal Legion will also be present,
and will wear the insignia of the order,
together with the usual mourning badge.
The sixty-two young ladles who are now j
living at the Mahala Fisk Pillsbury home :
will attend the funeral; as will also the
office employes of the Pillsbury-Wash
burn company. The men employed in the
mills will not go to the church, but will
witness a special ceremony to be held at
the grave. Many of these men knew Mr.
Fillsbury personally and considered him
a personal friend. Their grief at» his
■death is a personal feeling, not that usu
ally existing between employer and em
At the offices of the Pillsbury-Washburn
company, in the Guaranty building, decor
ators were busy this mdrning draping the
rooms In black and white. The govern
or's desk and his chair were covered with
black, and a border of black and white
was festooned over the office desk-parti
tion. On the walls, portraits of the gor
mer governor, of George A. Pillsbury,
Fred C. Pillsbury and Charles A. Pills
bury were all draped in mourning.
L. P. Hubbard, in speaking of the matter
said: "The governor was the last of the
quartet, so we decided to drape all of the
pictures. I know he would have wished
Henry L» Little arrived in Chicago from
—. i ..... n. «T'" ■..._.-
Yesterday The Journal printed an
excellent outline cut of the bishop-elect.
Above is his most recent portrait photo
graph. The Kansas City Star has the fol
lowing tribute:
It is highly flattering to Kansas City pnd
it is only a well-earned tribute to the Rev.
Dr. Cameron Mann of Grace church, to have
him nominated by the house of bishops of the
Episcopal church in convention at San Fran
cisco, as missionary bi3hcp of North Dakota.
The sentiment which crowds very rlo3e upon
the hearty felicitations which that richly
merited compliment will call forth In Kansas
New York this morning, and at once called
up the Pillsbury-Washburn office over the
long distance telephone. He asked Mr.
Hubbard regarding the funeral arrange
ments, and said he would arrive home
early to-morrow morning.
High Tribute to Gov. Fillsbury's
Character as a Business I!nn.
The Commercial Club to-day adopted ,the
following resolutions on the death of ex-
Governor Pillsbury:
Whereas, the highest providence has termi
nated the earthly career of John S. Pillsbury,
therefore be it
Resolved, That the Commercial Club has j
learned of his death with deep sorrow and. :
hereby declares its estimate of his high qual
ities as a citizen. We recognjze In the life
of Governor Pillsbury an example to young
men who seek by thrift, industry and all
upright methods to better their own condition
and to enable themselves to help their fel
lows. He was pecularly faithful to the high
est standards of honesty in business, and look
with him in his public career the same broad
principles that made his private life honor
able, happy and useful. Fortunate the state
of Minnesota that in the beginning she had
such men as Mr. Pillsbury to form her laws
and settle her policies; .more fortunate the
generation which shall follow him .and his
contemporaries with the privilege of building
on their sure and steadfast foundation. He
was a statesman firm, conservative,' bur pro
gressive; as a citizen deserving of the high
est place among those who labor most un
selfishly for their fellow men. We know of
no way in which the Commercial Club can
more significantly honor his memory than by
each member's copying in his personal and
business relations the example of John Sar
gent Pillsbury.
—James Gray,
W. C. Marshal.,
F. C. Campbell, '. .
Resolution- Adopted and Signed by
Heads of Various Colle&eH.
The faculties of the several colleges of
the university to-day adopted a resolu- !
tion touching the death of ex-Governor
Pillsbury. After mentioning fittingly the |
———— - — i
City, la one of apprehension lest this honor
may mean the separation of Dr. Mann from
his Kansas City parishioners. They now re
call, with a feeling of hope and satisfaction,
that he has, in the past, refused attractive
calls from other parishes, preferring to re
main where his field of labor has been so
abundantly successful. It would require all
of the philosophy which -,nigut be indicated
by the belief that the promptings of duty and
the prospect of wider usefulness might justify
Dr. Mann in going to North Dakota, to con
sole his friends in Kansas City for the great
loss which his departure would mean.
• King Edward—Hi, There! Get Off My Cape!
distinguished services rendered by Mr.
Pillsbury to the nation, the state and
the university, and recognizing the prov
idence of God in his death, the resolution
Resolved, by the members of the several
faculties of the university, that we give pub
lic expression to our profound sense of be
reavement and to our genuine respect and love
for the distinguished and highly^ esteemed
regent thus called from earth to heaven; that
we express to the world our appreciation of
his noble life, our inspiration drawn from his
worthy example, and that we convey to his
bereaved widow and to his children our sln
cercst sympathy and condolence.
The resolution is signed by the following
as representatives of the various depart
ments: Jabez Brooks, Dean W. S.
fHttej'deal^ft Park, r e§^l»'hie ? -Dean Aloazo
Williak>in«A,\Dean\«fff'. R: Appleby, Dean
W. R. Liggett, Dr. K. T. Eddy, Dean W.
P. Dickenson, Dean F. J. Wulling.
Projects for Carbon County,
Wyo.,lnvolving a Dozen
Cheyenne, Wyo., Oct. 19.—T0-day Bar
ney McCaffrey, the big mining man, made
the statement that his company, of which
Willis George Emmerson of Denver is a
member, intends to consolidate all of the
big paying mines in the southern Carbon
country and connect them with the
smelter at Grand Encampment by an elec
tric railway.
The scheme includes the Battle Lake,
Douglass Creek and Grand Encampment
districts and the entire town3ite of Grand
Encampment, houses, business enter
prises, bank and smelters. It has been
pending for some time.
The trolley system will, it is estimated,
cost 53,000,000 to construct. The amount
involved in the entire deal is in the
neighborhood of $12,000,000 to 115,000,000. i
Daily Love Messages Are Tele
graphed In Frightful Dis
regard of Cost.
Special to The Journal.
Paris, Oct. 19.—Miss May Palmer, who
is soon to be the bride of Senator Depcw,
receives a cable dispatch every day from
her fiance in New York. Sometimes the
senator sends three wires in one day.
Miss Palmer keeps her ardent lover ad
vised of the oondition of her heart through
the medium of at least one cable dispatch
a day. The young woman will not admit
it, but it is a fact. The submarine tok
ens that pass between them are" affec
tionate, despite the tolls. This practice
of everyday communication by way of the
Atlantic has been in force ever since
Senator Depew last sailed away for home.
Miss Palmer Is deeply indignant be
cause of the tenor of an interview attrib
uted to her and published recently in a
New York newspaper. She stamps as
false the statements that she discussed
the senator In any way or referred to the
disparity In their agea. Miss Palmer and
her mother have spent a busy week in the
shops ordering the trousseau and pur
chasing the thousand and one things that
the bride-elect wishes to take to her new
home. It Is current in the American
colony here that the wedding will be set
for the last part of December. Because
of the great popularity of Senator Depew
and Miss Palmer, all sorts of plans are
! making whereby the occasion may be ren
| derde brilliantly memorable. The Amer-
I ican chamber of commerce, the American
I embassy and the consulate, the banks, to
say nothing of society proper, will pre
sent handsome gifts and many felicitous
resolutions will be passed by'organized
Three More Secured Across the River
in Hlticoiidin.
Special to The Journal.
Ellsworth, Wls., Oct. 19.—Congressman
Jenkins has succeeded In having rural
routes laid out from this pla.ce, River
Falls and Beldenville. Nearly everybody
along these routes reads The Minneapolis
Break Quarantine at Mille Lacs and
Resist an Officer.
Two Taken to Detroit for Hearing
.—Sixty Cases of Smallpox
at the Lake. "l -~ i .
Special to The Journal.
Bralnerd, Minn., Oct. 18.—Deputy United
States Marshal Joseph Langdon arrived
in the city last night having in custody
two Indians giving the names of John and
Thomas Garbo. They were taken to De
troit, this state, later to answer to the
charge of breaking the quarantine regu
lations at Mille Lacs lake, where there
has been much trouble with smallpox for
some time.
The two redskins may also have to an
swer to a more serious charge before the
United States commissioner at Deroit.
It seems that the deputy marshal had been
advised that a party of some twenty
Indians had gone over the line estab
lished and were at Garrison. He went
there to arrest them or try to induce
them to go back to the reservation. He
at once encountered trouble, as the In
dians were armed to the teeth, with guns
and knives. The deputy marshal "was pre
vented from making the arrests on threats
that he would be scalped and so he re
turned to Mille Lacs. Yesterday morn
ing, fiowever, he went over on the reser
vation and caused the arrest of the two
The deputy marshal claims there are
about sixty cases of smallpox among the
Indians and says the officers are having
great difficulty in maintaining the quar
antine. He says that the redskins went
over the line and were ugly when he tried
to make an arrest. The Garbos attacked
him and other members of the party stood
ready to back them up.
The Indians will probably have to a i
swer to the charge of not only breaking
the quarantine regulations, but also re
sisting an officer.
Santos-Dumont Makes a Successful
Airship Trip.
Paris, Oct. 19. — The Santos-Dumont
airship ascended at St. Cloud at 2:38 this
afternoon and five minutes afterwards be
gan to round the Eiffel tower.
Santos-Dumont completed his trip suc
cessfully, but question has arisen whether
it was done within the time limit, thirty
minutes. M. Deutsch says the aeronaut
won. the prize. The committee declares
that Santos-Dumont took thirty minutes,
forty and four-sevenths seconds to make
the trip.
Special Meeting at Milwaukee— "for.
lnth.la.ii ism" Discussed.
Milwaukee. Oct. 19.—A special meeting
of the Inland Lakes' Yachting association,
to consider proposed amendments to the
constitution, opened at Hotel Pfister to
day. Every yacht club in the association
except Lake Minnetonka and Wawassle
was represented.
Corinthianism, a technical term for
amateurism, is the principal question. A
proposed amendment makes it inconsist
ent for a fisherman, boat builder or any
one engaged in manual work for hire to
take part in a regatta. This will be sub
ject for extended discussion.
Among the amendment* passed were the
following: That the executive committee
shall select the measurer for the annual re
gatta; no yacht shall be manned except
by bona fide members of the club who hall
from the lakes he represents, except in
case of sickness when the executive commit
tee may permit one person, to be substi
In future races a yacht will be allowed
to "jockey" or luff as long as she is in
the lead, but must cease and stand on her
course when overlapped.
Butcher Witnesses in "Preservative"
Cases, Now on Trial, Tell Some
Startling Trade Secrets.
Conditions Better Now Than Before
the Borax Law Passed--What
Present Crusade Means.
In the case of the state against C. H.
Wagenholes, meat dealer, in the munici
pal court yesterday afternoon, expert wit
lesses showed how it is possible to "doc
or" diseased meats so skilfully as to de
ceive the consumer and induce him to
take into his system that which would
ordinarily be most revolting. The case
is one of the many test cases now being
brought by the state dairy and food com
mission agaoinst unscrupulous meat deal
esr throughout the state.
The witnesses were C. S. Lilly, and J.
O. Taylor, butchers. Both, swore of their
own knowledge that meat so badly de
composed as to have sickening smell could
bee ompletely deodorized by the use of
preservatives known as "Pour X" and
"Preezum," into the composition of which
borax largely entered. While these prep
arations killed the odor they also de
stroyed the "high" taste of the meat.
Before the state law was enacted against
the use of preservatives containing borax,
th witnesses testified that it was a com
mon practice among butchers to treat
tainted meat in that way. Borax is most
generally used in preserving sausage.
Doctored Meat Dangerous.
Dr. Andrews of Mankato, gave expert
testimony from the standpoint of a physi
cian when the case was resumed to-day.
Dr. Andrews declared that while borax
was a preservative, it was entirely lack
ing in antitoxic properties end was posi
tively injurious to the human system
whether assimilated in small or large
quantities. It had a particularly bad ef
fect on persons troubled with any con
stitutional weakness such as a diseased
stomach or kidneys, the tisues of which
were inflamed and generally irritated by
George L.'Dingman of the state dairy
and food commission, said this afternoon
that the commission would continue to
Law Abolishing It Will Prob
ably Be Repealed.
Temperance Guns Spiked and Am-
munition Stolen.
Educational Interests of tbe North
west Described in Comuilbsion
er Harris' Report.
from The Journal Bureau. Root* SB, J>o«f
Building, Washington.
Washington, Oct. 19.—That the anti
oanteen law will be replaced by congress
this winter is the belief as well as hope
of every officer and private of the regular
army. From the secretary of war down it
is the almost unanimous opinion that the
canteen tends to raise the standards of
morals and discipline at army posts. The
action taken by congress last winter was
in opposition to the advice ot Secretary
Root, Adjutant General Corbin, General
Miles and every department commander
except Shatter. No effort has been made
to evade the act, and the private gin
mill system has been in operation long
enough to show pretty well how It works.
It is pretty well understood at the war
department that the no-canteen system
has not been a success. Department com
manders claim that discipline has been
relaxed; that the soldiers disregard the
regulations and fndulge without restraint
in the vicious hard liquors of the sut
ler, and that the record of drunkenness
and infractions of discipline due to this
cause have greatly increased. The sec
retary of war has in his possession exact
figures on this subject. They consist of
reports from every army post in the
country and the possessions, together with
comparisons based on records of previous
years. The showing is understood to be
very convincing.
The war department is not making pub
lic the information it has gathered. It
has no desire to draw the fire of the tem
perance organizations prematurely. Tne
battle will open when congress gets to
gether, and then the department will
unmask its batteries, and pour in a hot
fire of facts and figures. The temperance
organizations are likely to find that their
guns have been spiked and their ammuni
tion stolen.
The official'position of the war depart
ment just now is one of supreme indif
ference. The report of the secretary of
war will not mention the canteen. There
carry the war into the enemy's country
until the use of borax became altogether
too expensive a luxury in the cost of ea
suing litigation. Said he:
A Vigorous Campaign.
We are using every means to discourage
the use of these preparations and so far we
have been very successful. I want to say
in justice to the firms whose butchers testified
for the state that their meat departments are
absolutely above reproach and that no such
practices obtain in them. During the past
week we have examined between 675 and 700
samples of meat and sausage from all parts
of the state and we find that a percentage
of one in seven has been "dosed" with some
preparation to kill the odor and taste.
We have convicted several St. Paul dealers
during the past week and we expect to make
as formidable a showing in Minneapolis. W«
are also prosecuting cases at Two Harbors,
Stillwater, Winona, Red Wing and Rochester.
Borax Trust Indicted.
The present test case in this oity is
said to be backed by the borax corpora
tion which derives considerable profit
from the use of borax in sausage.
The most serious aspect of the use of
borax in meats, even slightly tainted, ia
the danger of ptomaine poisoning. The
unsuspecting victim has no means of de
tecting the poison which he unwittingly
takes into his stomach.
Retail butchers who make their own
sausage, in some instances, are not above
resorting to the same means, although as
a rule, the larger shops will not coun
tenance It. This was found ,to be the case
when a special commissioner, unknown to
Minneapolis dealers, was called in from
the country to make the rounds.
The commission may also turn its at*
tention shortly to theuse of borax and
other preservatives in fresh oysters sold
in bulk.
will be no suggestion that the law b«
repealed. Adjutant General Corbin said
when asked about the matter:
The canteen lnsldent is closed. Congree*
passed the law abolishing it and the law
is being enforced. There will be no recom
mendations or communications to congress
on the subject. When the law was passed
congress had all the facts before it This de
partment supplied all the information then
in its possession. To make any suggestions
now would be an impertinence. We have been
gathering information as to the working of
the new regime, and if congress asks for it
■we will send it to that body.
i The above interview ccmtains a suggest
tion of ttae time and the manner in whicfc
the Information will be made public. A
bill will be introduced to reinstate th«
canteen, and the military affairs commit"
tees o fthe senate and house will reopen
the subject. They will call on the warde
partment for the reports of department
commanders on the workings of the law
passed last winter. There will be nelthe*
time nor material to refute the showing
thus made, and congress frill reinstate th»
canteen. In abolishing the canteen the
well meaning friends of temperance hay«
tossed tbe soldier from the frying pan
into the fire. At least such Is the opinion
of army officers.
PROGRESS The annual report of
Commissioner of Educa*
IN tion W. T. Harris, recent*
ly made public, says that
EDUCATION, the grand total in ail
schools, elementary, sect
ondary and higher, publlo and private, tot
the year ended July 1, 1900, was 17.080,710
pupils, the same being an increase of
282,348 pupils over the previous year. Ot
this number the enrollment In publio lor
stitutions supported by general and local
taxes was 15,443,462. Counting In special
institutions, such as evening schools, In
dian schools, schools conneoted witlj
asylums, reform schools, and other insti
tutions more or less educational in thelf
character, increases the total number by
half a million pupils. About 21 per cent
of the population of thetUnited States at*
tend some public school supported by th«
taxes of the state or municipality. Be
sides this attendance on public schools,
there is still further an attendance oft
private schools of 2 per cent of the entire
population. The point of great interest
is the increase of public high schools. la
1890 there were 2,526 publio schools in th«
country, and these Increased to 6,002 tea
years later.
The report shows that the total enroll*
ment of pupils in tbe elementary and sea*
ocdary schools in Minnesota in the school
year 1899-1900 was 399,207, and the aver*
age dally attendance in a term averaging
169 days was 243,224. The number of
teachers employed was 10,586, of whom
2,062 were males and 8,534 females. ' The
average monthly salary of the male teach*
ers was $47.86, and of .the females, $35.29,
The total expenditures during the year,
exclusive of the payment of bonds, were
$5,630,013. The enrollment in the publio
day schools In cities of 8,000 population
and over was 78,638, and the average daily
attendance in a term of 185 days was 63,«
535. The expenditures for all purposes fof
city schools was $1,777,140.
In North Dakota the total enrollment
in the lower grade schools was 77,686, and
the average daily attendance during a 155
--day term was 43,560. There were 4,088
teachers employed, 1,178 being males and
2,905 females. The average monthly sal
ary of the male teachers was $41.72 and of
the females, $36.80. The total expendi
tures for the minor school systems wera
$1,440,892. Statistics of city schools la
North Dakota are not given.
The cost-of running the elementary and
secondary schools In South Dakota in th«
school year 1899-1900 was $1,598,757. Th«
total enrollment ot pupils was 86,822, &ud.

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