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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, October 19, 1901, Image 17

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Payable to The Journal Printing Co.
- • Delivered by Mail.
One copy, one month $0.35
One copy, three months 1.00
One copy, six months 2.00
One copy, one year 4.00
Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.60 i
Delivered by carrier
One copy, one week 8 cents
One copy, one month 35 cents
Single copy 2 cents
THE JOURNAL, is published
every evening, except Sunday, at
47-49 Fourth Street South, Journal
Building, Minneapolis, Minn.
C. J. Bilteon, Manager Foreign Adver
tising Department.
NEW YORK OFFICE—B6, 87, 88 Tribune
change building.
Subscribers ordering addresses of their
papers changed must always give their
former as well as present address.
All papers are continued until an ex
plicit order is received for discontinuance,
and until all arrearages are paid.
Subscribers will please notify the
offlo* in every case where their pa
pers art not Delivered Promptly,
or when the collections are not
promptly made. "
The Journal is on sale at the news
stands of the following hotels:
Pitttburg, Pa.— Quesne.
Salt Lake City, Utah—The Knutsford.
Omaha. Neb.—Paxton Hotel.
Los Angeles, Cal.— Van Nuys.
Denver, Brown's Palace Hotel.
St. Louis, Mo.—Planters' Hotel, Southern
Kansas City, Mo.—Coateß House.
Boston, Mass —Young's Hotel, United
States, Touraine.
Cleveland, Hollenden House, Weddell
Cincinnati, —Grand Hotel.
Detroit, Mich.—Russell House, Cadillac.
Washington, D. Arlington Hotel, Ra
Chicago, 111.—Auditorium Annex, Great
Northern. ",'■->
New York Imperial, Holland, Murray
Hill. Waldorf.
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Tacoma, Wash.—Tacoma Hotel.
Seattle, t, Butler Hotel.
Portland, Oregon—Portland Hotel, Perkins
,-—*-— FOR-——
Oct. 1...... 51,162
Oct. 2........ 50,774
Oct. 3...... 50,617
Oct. 4 51,227
Oct. 5 . 53,361
Oct. 7... 50,993
Oct. 8 50,435
Oct. 9...... 50,990
Oct. 10 50,486
Oct. 11 51,795
Oct. 12 54,948
Oct. 14 51,250
Oct. 15... 51,293
Oct. 16 ....51,258
Oct. 17 51,322
' The above Is a true and correct statement
Of the circulation of The Minneapolis Journal j
for'dates mentioned. • - i
'..,"-■■,: , , Manager Circulation.
Sworn and subscribed to before me this
18Ux day of October. 1901.
,: Notary Public, H«nnepin County.
The Coerse op Business
Because there has been a falling off
In stock Investment, there is an impres
sion current that business is dragging.
It must be admitted that the stock mar
ket baa a wonderful effect on sentiment,
but from the standpoint of real business
it has not the significance that is often
attached to it. There is not one-fourth
the trading in stocks that was recorded
In the spring And early summer months.
There Is lees reason why there should
be the same volume of business, because
prloes have been marked up high except
on some new properties which are be
ginning to make records that will before
long affect favorably the value of the
The investment public has not felt sure
of Its footing with rumors of conflicting
deals to contend with. It has been learned
from experience that when the president
of a railroad says that his property has
not been sold, he may mean that in fact,
or he may mean that negotiations to that
end are not concluded. The public does
not know how much to believe, hence it
Is leaving the market quite to the pro
fessional element with notable loss of in
terest as the result.
Business sentiment may be affected in a
slightly unfavorable way by this situa
tion in stocks. It is probably true, how
ever, that it is influenced more by a dull
grain and flour trade. The export busi
ness Is not satisfactory in the line of
breadstuffs. The figures show that while
a good general business seems to be doing
there is in fact not enough to go around
end keep all the firms moving. Europe
is buying too much of our wheat and not
enough of our flour.
There have been no new developments
at Washington this week except further
confirmation that the president is deter
mined to give the country a business
administration, a policy that the people
as a whole will indorse, no matter what
the politicians may think of it. If Presi
dent Roosevelt is impulsive at times,
and quick to pronounce Judgment, there
Is, nevertheless, a feeling that the Judg
ment comes from a sound heart and that
the country is safe under it.
The Pacific coast is prosperous with
a good harvest. The people have made
headway. In the middle northwest there
is general prosperity. In New England
there is a touch of dullness growing out
of an unsettled manufacturing policy, but
in the main the agricultural class in those
states have had a prosperous year. Gen
eral conditions the country over are good.
Again death has suddenly called a dis
tinguished Minneapolitan. The death of
I. C Seeley in St. Paul last night was as
unexpected as it was dramatic. He had
barely uttered words to the effect that he
would not live to witness the desired con
summation of the two cities united in the
great western metropolis when the pre
diction became a fact. Hard as Is the
blow to the oircle of relatives and friends,
the sudden death, the death in the har
ness, Is the one that all active men, and
of such was Mr. Seeley, must naturally
Race Prejudice Become Monomania
The utter inability of some people to
maintain any connection with reason when
discussing anything that relates to the
negro is too well demonstrated by the
intemperate outburst of the Memphis
Commercial Appeal regarding Booker
Washington's dining at the White House.
The paper that says that "President
Roosevelt has committed a blunder that is
worse than a crime and no atonement or
future act of his can remove the stigma,"
is simply writing itself down as a relic of
barbarism, and the creature of an insane
There has been a lot of talk and a gen
eral agreement in the north that the
south can best deal with the negro ques
tion In its own way, but if the Commer
cial Appeal's wild break Indicates the
southern attitude, we shall have to revise
our conclusions and hold that the south
is not competent to deal intelligently and
successfully with the question. The
paper has altogether failed to make any
distinction between the president as
president and man, between a public func
tion and a private dinner. It is a national
disgrace that negroes, as such, not as ob
jectionable individuals, are by race
prejudice barred from formal, official social
functions —that Is a disagreeable con
dition which must be confronted —but it Is
not short of proof of monomania for per
sons or papers to become violently agi
tated, because Mr. Roosevelt chooses to
sit down to dinner with the souths most
prominent educator.
If it had been a state dinner, or a social
occasion, it is pretty certain that Mr.
Washington would not have been there,
even if invited, so scrupulous is he, in
common with other distinguished negro
men, about doing anything that may run
counter to the barbarous but powerful and
necessarily recognized race prejudice.
The Journal can not conceive,
however, that the Memphis Appeal rep
resents the real Intellect and heart of the
south in this matter. It believes that
notwithstanding the repugnance felt for
the Inferior by the superior race—a
feeling that we freely admit is in many
ways about as strong in the north as in
the south —there must be in that section
an appreciation of the difference between
Booker Washington and the negro type
so despised and contemned in that section.
Even the editor of the Memphis Appeal
would not tear his hair if some greasy,
blanket Indian were to dine at the White
House, or some leperous lout from Persia.
Then why have this fit of rage because a
man personally so irreproachable as the
unassuming Booker Washington is thus
Company E of the Ninth infantry was
evidently not at breakfast when the bolo
men attacked it. The latter left eighty
one dead men on the field when they con
cluded that they had enough. But the
fact that ten Americans were killed —
more than the number of the wounded,
six—indicates that the fighting must have
been of the most ferocious hand-to-hand
kind, in which bolos and bayonets as well
as bullets did deadly work. Samar seems
to be the abiding place of the last and
most desperate of the Filipino insurgents.
It affords a splendid opportunity for
young officers to make themselves famous
by feats of arms performed under the
most adverse circumstances.
1 An Important Convention
The national reciprocity convention,
proposed last summer at the meeting of
the National Association of Manufactur
ers in Detroit, will be held at Washington
on Nov. 19, according to the decision of
the committee of arrangements at Phila
delphia yesterday. It is very probable
that on such an occasion, when the men
who have been and are most conspicuous in
the expansion of our export trade as
semble to give expression to their views
upon the subject of establishing more in
timate commercial relations between the
United States and other nations, there
will be given to the public some definite
plan for reciprocity, which may meet se
rious consideration on the part of those
who oppose the making of any conces
sions whatever to foreign nations, in or
der to increase our trade with them.
The obstacle in the way of the adop
tion of reciprocity is the opposition to
any modification of tariff duties which
may minimize the protection afforded
agricultural and manufactured products
and tend to any degree of foreign com
petition. There are protectionists, and
many of them, who are in favor of re
vision of the tariff, but who shrink from
any proposition for reciprocity embody
ing concessions of from 15 to 20 per cent,
although such concessions would surely
tend to the expansion of our export trade
and benefit the manufacturers. A very
successful experiment In reciprocity was
our reciprocity treaty with Canada, which
was in operation from 1854 to IB6o,and pro
vided for the admission Into Canada, fres
of our breadstuffs,provisions,live animals,
fruits, fish, poultry, hides and skins, furs,
stone, ores and metals, timber and lum
ber, raw cotton, flax and hemp, raw to
bacco, the treaty being literally recip
rocal because the articles in the list could
be Imported into the United States from
Canada, the result being that our exports
to Canada very largely increased, being
manufactured products chiefly, while
Canada increased her trade in raw prod
ucts with the United States. This fact,
however, led to the termination of the
treaty, which had proved mutually bene
ficial, the contention being that Canada's
raw products were a menace to our farm
ers. Our trade with Canada amounted to
$107,000,000 during the last fiscal year,
in spite of the fact that Canada had given
a preferential tariff to Great Britain. We
sell more to Canada than we do to all the
American republics south of us and China
and Japan thrown in, although we im
pose a tariff amounting to 33 per cent,
average, against her. There is a chance
<8> ■$>
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<j> The circulation of the Minneapolis <§>
<j> Journal is ■ climbing right j along and ' <$>
<§> there is the best of reasons why this <§>
<J> condition of things should exist. Jlt is ■ <$>
<§> one of the best papers in the northwest <§>
<& and the fact that It is meeting with <$>
<$> such complete success proves that a <$>
<$> clean dally paper is demanded by . the I <$>
<§> people and will receive their hearty <§>
<§> .support. The Journal is an ex- <§>
<§> ample of progressive and clean ■ jour- <$>
<♦> nalism that is pleasing -to see. <$>
.<S> .:-■.•.;-.-- ■'.*■-■ ■■ •—.. ' ; . . /,, . <$>
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for a judicious reciprocity treaty with
this our neighbor, whose foreign trade is
greater than that of any country in the
western hemisphere except the United
As to the true position with regard to
tariff modification by revision or by reci
procity concessions* Congressman Over
street put it in concrete form, the other
day, when he Bald:
I would advocate modifying the tariff on
articles that do uot need protection, the
modification to be accomplished without inter
fering with the spirit and true intention of the
republican doctrine of protection to American
The great demand for lands in the
northwest was never better demonstrated
than by the rapacity with which State
Auditor Dunn has disposed of farm lands
in the Red River valley at fancy prices.
In their eagerness to buy, purchasers have
sometimes paid more for these lands than
the price of neighboring lands privately
The Isthmian Canal
Prom Washington it is learned that all
doubt about the attitude of the Panama
canal company as to the disposition of
that property has 'been removed by the
admission of the president of the company
that he has come to Washington to sell
the uncompleted ditch to the United
States at the ibest price he can get. No
doubt the company will sell ou*t very
cheaply, but, as yet, no definite figures
have been named. It is only recently that
any considerable number of Americans
have arrived at the conclusion that there
is any other available canal route outside
the proposed Nicaragua route. But the
Walker canal commission is divided on
the subject of routes, although in their
preliminary report they assumed thet the
Nicaragua route was the only commend
able one, and named the cost of construc
tion at $200,000,000.
The advantages of the Panama
route are that It is very much
shorter than the Nicaragua route, which
is 180 miles long, requires seventeen
locks, and a vessel cannot be put through
in less than three days, as compared with
the forty-five miles of the Panama route,
with few locks and much shorter time
transit. The chief argument in favor of
the Nicaragua route is that it presents the
shortest cut from New York to China,
Japan and the Philippines and our Pacific
coast. There is obvious force in this ar
gument and it has weight with many peo
ple. It is objectionable as a water highway
largely because artificial harbors will have
to be made at each end, and engineers
pronounce that a very difficult matter,
owing to the shifting sands and the ex
posure to the violence of storms. The
question of route is evidently one of very
great importance, which will have to be
settled after the most careful investiga
Whichever route is chosen, it do«s
not appear that the new treaty with Eng
land, judging from the statements which,
have dribbled from the state department
with reference to its provisions, will im
part any very «reat advantage to this
country. It appears that it gives our gov
ernment the right to fortify the canal and
this, inferentially, means the erection of
permanent fortifications for which the for
mer treaty made no provision, but was
amended so as to permit our government
to take any step it found necessary to
defend the United States and maintain
public order, which constructively means
the right to erect fortifications. Our gov
ernment, under the new treaty, is to be
the sole guarantor of the nutrality of the
canal, but, if the government sees fit to
close the canal in war time, the canal is
no longer a neutral highway. The Hay-
Pauncefote treaty originally provided that
the canal should be open in time of peace
and war to the vessels of commerce and
of war of all nations. That means real
neutrality. The canal under the new
treaty can hardly be called neutral. If we
are at war with any nation, the canal be
ing nationalized becomes an object of at
tack by an enemy and may be destroyed
by an enemy in various ways. It will
have to be defended, in view of the possi
bilities, at all times by a large force, and
our army will have to be increased to do
it. Yet, the very individuals who are
shrieking against "militarism" are cham
pioning such army increase.
The serious injury done to Captain
Westover of the Nebraska eleven in the
game with Minnesota a week ago should
be a warning to football coaches not to
let badly injured men stay in the game.
Captain Westover was hurt early and
should have been taken out. It is very
likely that his present serious condition
is due fully as much to over exertion after
his hurt as to the hurt itself.
The Trust as Trustee
Starting with the generally accepted
statement that legislation that does not
reflect public sentiment is of very little
use, President Hadley of Yale university
in his new book, "The Citizen's Duty,"
finds the primary solution of the trust
problem in the inculcation of a system of
ethics that will meet the new duties of
a public nature imposed upon directors
and stockholders of powerful corpora
tions. The age-when "enlightened selfish
ness" In the individual was productive
of the 'best results for all has gone by.
"Commerce and industry," he writes,
"are no longer to be regarded as games
where we have nothing to do but to ap
plaud the most skilful player when he
wins, and rest in the assurance that his
triumph is in line with the best interests
of the community as a whole. What once
was regarded as a game has now become
a trust, not merely in the superficial and
accidental sense in which the name 'trust'
is applied to all large combinations of
capital, but in a profound©! sense, as a
public function intrusted to those who
control large capital which they can ex
ercise well or ill at their pleasure, with
out adequate restraint from any quarter."
The director must come to look upon
himself as a sort of public official. He
must feel that his official acts should
be governed by considerations of the gen
eral as well as the personal good. The
director is not likely to become this sort
of person until there is evolved a strong
public sentiment that he ought to be such.
Until the public has established such
a definition of his duties for him the
trust official is not likely to be seriously
hampered by antitrust laws.
If the officials of the trusts come to ob
serve an ethical code founded on that
conception of their relation to the public
their establishment and operation will be
productive of less and less friction, and
their reign will be lengthened. But if
they continue with the vastly increased
power modern organization has given
them to regard' all their operations from
the standpoint of self-interest, then is it
certain that there are troublous times
abead for them and the trusts.
Thomas Lawton, the copper king and
builder of the yacht Independence has
taken to verse writing. It Is now not
hard to understand how he came to lose
$6,000,000 recently.
Shipping Subsidy Bills
Senator Frye has anounced his pur
pose to introduce the old Hanna ship
subsidy bill in a different form, which he
thinks will make it acceptable.
In no form will that bill be acceptable,
unless it proposes to allow American
ships proper compensation for carrying
the mails or for rendering any other real
ly-useful service. Mr. Frye is unwilling
to state the provisions of his bill, but it
evidently embodies the poltcy of direct
cash subsidies without equivalent benefit
to the country, for the former bill dis
tinctly discriminated in favor of fast pas
senger steamers and companies owning
old and superannuated ships, while the
real commercial needs of the country were
practically ignored.
The stmtiment of the country is increas
ingly against suc h unjust discrimination.
The pubic are increasingly aware that
there has never been such activity in ship
building in this country as at the pres
ent time, not only In the construction of
vessels for the lake and coasting trade,
but merchant vessels for ocean freighting,
some of them the largest kind of freight
ing steamers for the Pacific trade.
This activity exists without subsidizing
ship building and that industry is develop
ing with such strength that certainly it
does not need more encouragement than
payments for mail service or other use
ful service actually performed, such as
the carrying of actual cargoes of American
goods in the export trade. France and
Italy have spent between $80,000,000 and
$40,000,000 subsidizing their ship-builders
to encourage their foreign trade and yet
neither of .them have any appreciable re
sults to show in favor of the system.
The secretary of agriculture last year
favored the Frye subsidy bill on the
ground that farmers need better freight
service to foreign countries, but the bill
he supported was no help to the farm
ers, for it had such meager provision for
the encouragement of capacious freight
steamer building that it would amount to
nothing as a remedial measure. It is
noticeable that the agricultural journals
of the country were very largely antagon
istic to the Frye bill. They are so now
and that is a significant fact.
An Unjustifiable Strike
The city has had one experience with
a building trades strike already this year
and does not care for another. One is
now threatened that may have the effeot
of stopping work on the new Chamber of
Commerce and other buildings. The
Building Trades Council, which has hith
erto refused its support to the Journey
mens' union in its strike against the mas
ter plumbers who seceded from the
plumbers' trust, has now taken the part
of the striking plumbers and has de
manded that the anti-trust master plumb
ers shall dischajge the men they brought
from Chicago to do the w,ork the local
men declined to do. These imported
men, paid 50 cents above the union rates,
are desirous of organizing a union. If
as it threatens, the council, orders a sym
pathetic strike of all the trades union
men employed on buildings where these
plumbers are working, such a strike will
be as unjustifiable as any in history.
It simply amounts to this. Certain
men declined to work for certain employ
ers because the men did not approve of
the secession of the employers from the
local trust. Very well, that was their
privilege, though their action was not
reasonable. Now they are trying to force
the seceding employers to discharge good
and faithful workmen who elected to
work in the positions others elected to
give up. Very wrong; that is not their
moral privilege, though it may be legal
enough. ,
It is safe to predict that If a sympathet
ic strike Is ordered to support such an
attempt it will not have half the success
of the one last spring which, was vir
tually defeated.
Editors and Literary Aspirants
The youth or maiden with a mission to
expound, a story, a poem, «r a novel,
should take courage and hasten to send
his manuscript in—not to The Jour
nal, but to the various magazines. In
the Independent a magazine editor at
■great length asserts over and over again
that he and all his fellows are watching
and waiting, searching and yearning for
the new and unknown writer. Above
all things else they desire to discover the
new writer and proclaim to the world that
they saw him first.
According to this editor, one new writer
found causes more rejoicing in the king
dom of magazine editors than the knowl
edge that ninety and nine good and tried
writers are hard at pen and type-writer
reeling oft copy that is sure to be ac
cepted. The aim of the magazine editor
as he girds up his loins each day and
earns his salary by tackling the great
pile of manuscripts that has accumulated
over night is not—as Is the common notion
of fresh writers—to see if he can conscien
tiously reject the whole pile, but to try
prayerfully and generously, to detect
some faint glimmer of genius, some saving
grace in each and every offered effort.
All the woes the contributors suffer are,
the editor saya, of their own doing—and
he makes out a strong case for the editors.
Two great mistakes he charges up against
contributors. First: They write when
they have nothing to say that anybody
else cares to hear. Second: They send
their prepared copy to the wrong shop, as
when matter well-adapted to the Bib'i
otheca Sacra is addressed to the Stand
Really, so far as the general public 1b
concerned, it is the editors who have to
torture themselves with 16,000 manu
scripts a year that are deserving of sym
pathy and not the thousands of would
be writers who, without any Justification
in ability or subject matter, rush blindly
to disappointment.
All this talk about a trust designed to
bar out new writers is the most ludicrous
bosh, which is founded on the fact that
now and then a great work is rejected of
the editors, who, like other men some
times err; and the talk of second-rate
or no-rate alleged authors whose worth
less matter is, fortunately, forever barred
from publication by those good friends of
the public, the editors.
The man who can write a good story,
a good poem, a good descriptive or nar
rative article—who has something to say
in some form of literature and says it well
—need have no fears about the fate of his
work. It will receive generous recogni
tion and good pay and he will meet with
the most cordial encouragement to con
tinue in a field he has entered so worth
Fighting Obesity
It is cabled from Europe, with some
show of veracity, that the Emperor and
Empress of Germany are in a very un
comfortable, if not perilous physical con
dition by reason of their very ardent ef
forts to reduce the accumulations of fat
in the repositories of the layers in the
areolar tissue. They have been drink
ing enormous quantities of strong tea to
effect such reduction, but in applying the
remedy both have brought upon them
selves the revenge of nature for their
temerity, in the form of the most de
pressing neurasthenia.
Emperors and empresses, it seems, can
be as foolish as other people and adopt
fashionable fads at the expense of physi
cal soundness. This is observable in
the persistent wearing of the straight cor
set by the girl of the period, which com
pels her to appeir in public looking like
the leaning tower of Pisa. The subser
viency to fads like this is inscrutable and
the present infatuation of women for re
ducing obesity and even becoming plump
ness of form to a condition of scrawniness
is utterly absurd. The passion for Bern
hardt's leanness is shown by the countless
advertisements in the daily and periodical
press of remedies for obesity. It would
seem from the multiplicity of these "ads"
that we must be a nation of fat men and
fat women, which is far from true. The
victims of the scrawny fad will resort to
any kind of diet the attending physician
may recommend. They will nqf fast dur
ing Lent, but, at the mere suggestion of
a medical adviser, they will live on bread
and water or drink vinegar, or walk twen
ty miles a day or "scorch" frantically on
their wheels for hours. They will im
pose upon themselves self-denial worthy of
a better cause and weigh themselves
twenty times a day to see if they are los
ing weight. The Medical Record sets
forth a recommendation by a distinguished
physician as follows:
He recommends a set of regulated exer
cises, consisting of respiratory movements,
correct standing position and bending for
ward until the hands touch the floor, the
legs and pelvis remaining in their former
position, the trochanters being used as the
pivots, after which the pelvis is allowed to
follow the line of the straight back; exten
sion of the arms and movements on all
A quarter of an hour, morning and
night, he says, will bring about a decided
loss of fat, with restoration of symmetry
and activity to bulky and ill-shaped peo
Some of these movements are rather awk
ward for pronounced adiposity. The plung
ing about on all fours, especially, is a
highly undignified exercise for madame or
a maid, but there is little doubt that they
readily accept the prescription. Obesity
specialists are multiplying and they all
profess to give treatment which is abso
lutely harmless.
Upon reflection it will be something of
a calamity if these obesity practitioners
succeed in producing a scrawny eet of
women and men. There is a certain
picturesqueness about fat people which we
cannot afford to lose. They are gen
erally of most amiable and cheerful dispo
sition. When they laugh they shake all
the repositories of fat in *heir bodies.
The appearance of a stout man or woman
weighing from 200 to 300 pounds, upon a
bicycle, in full motion is one of the most
exhilarating spectacles of the young
twentieth century. One rejoices with them
because, although, when moving on the
sidewalk they waddle like ducks, on the
friendly wheel they glide along with some
thing resembling grace. Fortunately a
large number of fat people are yet con
tent with the obese condition and do not
care about breaking down their nervous
and physical condition by fighting natural
development. They need only to take care
not to travel in any cannibalistic land, for
cannibals have a strong partiality for
fat victims upon which to feast.
It would seem Uaat back in Sheridan's
day stout women were actively warring
against obesity. Here is an interesting
passage from the second act of "The
School for Scandal:"
Mrs. Candour—Oh, they will allow rood
qualities to nobody, not even good nature to
our friend Mrs. Pursy.
Lady Teazle—What, the fat dowager who
was at Mrs. Quadrille's last night?
Mrs. Candour—Nay, her bulk is her mis
fortune; and, when she takes so much pains
to get rid of it, you ought not to reflect upon
Lady Sneer—That's true, indeed.
Lady Teazle—Yes, I know she almost lives
on acids and small whey; laces herself by
pulleys, and often in tho hottest noon of
summer, you may see her on a little squat
pony, with her hair plaited up behind like
a drummer's, and puffing round the ring on
a full trot
Mrs. Pursy probably did not know
anything about the going-on-all-fours
treatment or Lady Teazle would have
mentioned the process.
_ _. . The British Medical Jour-
Jt Flea for nal Bta tes that the taste
the Sweet that children have for can-
Tnnth dies should be gratified.
ooln Sugar is an admirable food,
is easily converted into fat and produces heat
and energy. When the muscles are fatigued
nothing brings them into condition so quickly
as sugar. The German army surgeons, in
the course of an investigation, found that an
extra ration of less than four ounces of sugar
daily increased the weight of the men to
whom it was Issued and that they were able
to do better work than their comrades. In
instances of fatigue, a lump of sugar proved
wonderfully efficacious, and, moreover, con
trary to the general supposition, sugar
quenches thirst. The experiments in behalf
of sugar have been so satisfactory that the
sugar ration of the German soldiers will ba
raised two ounce* a day. In Holland, young
men training for athletic contests are re
quired to eat a considerable quantity of sugar.
When these facts are generally accepted a
brighter day will dawn for the children whose
natural craving for sweets has been denied
and whose health has been injured by such
denial. Give the "kids" their candy in
moderate quantities.
i/. o f,,i n ~ tr A census of wooden In-
Usefulness dian3 ln New York dty
of Wooden shows that there are about
Indians 10>000 of tbese whlte pin«
savages guarding the cigar
stores. They run in price from $2T to $150
and are good for about fifty years of service
If kept well painted, before requiring funda
mental repairs. One of the old wood carvers
aays the business is decreasing and fewer
cigar stores think H necessary to have an
aborigine as an advertisement.
There are so many "wooden Indians" in the
flesh standing around the cigar stores now
that it does seem rather a useless bit of ex
travagance to be paying $100 for having one
carv«d out of pine. It is said that the trouble
with the animated wooden Indian is that he
has been known to think. He has paid some
attention to the advice of the poet J. Gordon
Pause not on its dangerous brink.
Throw fears aside, bid courage come,
Plunge boldly in and think,
And this has interfered somewhat with his
value as a sign. Nevertheless, enough of
him stand around Inhaling cigarette smoke
not only to act as signs but to ke»p the
tobacco man and the doctor in first rate
The Mexicans have a tariff on corn and
the shortage this year induced the speculators
to run a corner. Prices went sky high till
President Diaz took a hand. He suspended
the duty on corn and obtained congressional
consent to import and sell corn at or below
cost. He then Induced the railroads to reduce
their rate on corn one-third. The specula
tors will have to let their corn go. This may
not be the duty of government but it is mag
The Duke of Alva, who died in New York
this week, was dragging around the follow
ing list of titles: Duke of Alva, Don Carlos
Maria Stuart Fitzjamea Postocarresso Pallox,
Duke of Berwick, Duke of Alva de Tonnes,
Duke of Liria, Duke of Olivares, Duke of
Penaranda and Duke of Huescar. Among his
friends he was known as "Al."
It is a pity the president did not invite Sen
ator Tillman of South Carolina to dinner the
day Dr. Washington dined there. Washington
is a good deal bigger man than Tillman, but
then he wouldn't have insisted on assert
ing it.
A man of quiet tastes who goes into a little
German restaurant and runs against a bill of
fare backed up by Saehsenhauser Riesenstan
genspargel mit Deutcher sauce knows at once
that he is near the real thing.
Charles Bouskman of Chicago was stepped
on, not gently apparently, in the football game
between the Northwests and Advanced Socials,
and died the next day. The game was a most
enjoyable one.
There is a report that Henry Watterson of
Kentucky would accept a democratic nomi
nation for the presidency, were it tendered
with any kind of unanimity. Also, if it
The man who thought coal was gcir.g down
in price in July and who refused to lay it in
Is cussing the trust because it is not in the
coal business for exercise.
The Nincompoop society and the Association
of the Asinine Bray have been sending flowers
to Czolgosz and the warden's room at the
prison is gay with them.
Just twenty-«ix people will see the doctors
of law administer the pellet of lightning to
Czolgosz. We have learned something since
Guiteau's day.
Unique Lientenant*Commander J'oit
Indianapolis News.
The witnesses that have been the most
cocksure of certain facts and have been the
most caustic in criticism of Admiral Schley
have been the younger officers of the navy,
who have not had enough experience to
make them conservative. Only one witness
has had the temerity to charge Schley with
cowardice, Lieutenant Commander Potts, who
had the foresight to provide for the pres
ent Investigation by making mental notes of
Schley's nervousness on the spot. The trou
bles of the naval family, like other domestic
troubles, are more intensified and more clear
ly reflected in the subordinate members of
the household. The servants of the houses
of Montague and Capulet made their mas
ters' quarrel their own.
Seton-Thomp»on Vindicated.
New York Tribune.
Ernest Seton-Thompson has proved so clear
ly again and again his hearty friendship for
wild animals that the legal proceedings
taken against him in Colorado on a charge
of violating the game laws must have been
Inspired by malice, if they were not the re
sult of uncommonly stupid blundering. New
Yorkers who are familiar with the admirable
work done by this enthusiastic student of
the habits and traits of the roaming folk of
the forest and the plain, are pleased to know
that the defendant has been acquitted with
The Merging of the Philippines.
Boston Herald.
As to the complete merging of the Philip
pine Islands in the United States, we think
that this would be a change which would
prove disastrous both to the American and
the Filipino people. The social, Industrial,
religious and political customs of the two
peoples are altogether divergent. The neeis
of one could not be met by laws adapted to
the requirements of the other. Even if the
United States is to continue to hold the
Philippine Islands as a possession for an
Indefinite future, it would be far better for
all concerned that the largest measure of local
autonomy should be given, and that the people
should not be brought under the direct con
trol of tße government at Washington.
Expensive Missionary Work.
Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle.
If Miss Stone's ransom Is paid, the bandits
will make missionary life too expensive for
the churches. In case any more work is done
among the Turks, who are the hardest people
In the world to convert.
An Independent President.
Atlanta Constitution.
One term in the White House caps the cli
max of ambition and adds a new picture to
the page of history. Forty terms added could
not increase the emphasis. Mr. Roosevelt
has practically a full term ahead of him. No
action of the people could place him higher.
Then why not be president in good earnest
while he Is at it? Why not compress Into
these three and a half years all the energy
that would make his name illustrious, un
moved by the wrangling at his heels and un
influenced by the persistence of men with
private interests? He would not only have
the indorsement of the people, but the ver
dict of history as well.
Good Ground for Confidence.
Washington Post.
The solid condition of business in spite of
trusts. In spite of the Wall street panic, In
spite of an enormous shrinkage of the great
est of our cereal crops, boundless prosperity
unchecked by all these adverse happenings,
and unshaken by the awful tragedy that
changed the head of the government—-surely !
that Is a good basis for confidence in the
Industrial and commercial future of the coun
If We Could Only Imprison More.
Brooklyn Eagle.
The imprisonment of Johann Most for a year
because of his publication of an incitement to
murder the rulers is well enough in its way.
But the pest from which we have been suffer
ing has been spread by men of more brains
and greater wealth than Most ever dreamed
of having. It is easy enough to pick up a
friendless old man whose trade has been
anarchy and send him to prison. He de
,serves it and a year is too short for him to
think on his misdeed in confinement; but
so long ac the bigger anarchists go free the
forces of disorder will be stirred up.
Austrian Independence.
New York Sun.
It is evident that the Australian colonies,
now that they are well-known and have
learned the strength derivable from union,
will no longer suffer England to use the
islands of the Southern Sea as counters in her
game and give and take with foreign powers.
Their watchword is to be henceforward
"Hands off the South Pacific!" and they have
not scrupled to proclaim a Monroe doctrine
of their own.
Afraid of Publicity.
New York World.
Senator Frye confesses that he has "worked
out a new subsidy bill," but he refuses to
make public its provisions, saying: "I am
unwilling that its features should become the
shuttlecock of journalistic comment." Does
Senator Frye imagine that President Roose
velt will sign a subsidy bill that will not
stand the test of full publicity and discussion?
Divorce Canon Defeated.
Chicago Post.
There will be no general expression of
surprise over the action of the Episcopal
convention in finally rejecting the proposed
marriage and divorce canon, despite its ap
proval by the house of bishops. The section
forbidding the remarriage of divorced persons
for any cause not existing before their former
marriage, making the Innocent suffer for the
sins of the guilty, was so repugnant to the
sense of justice that it was foredoomed to
defeat at the hands of the clergy and laity.
It has been decided to hold a carnival
In Sydney, Nova Scotia, next summer to
include aquatlo sports, rowing and yacht
The World Language — English
speaking people have formed the habit of as
suming that the English language is, ■with
out doubt, the coming language of the civil
ized world. The fact that it is already the
commercial language of the nations even c«
French was, and largely is, the diplomatic
language, and that it is now spoken by more
people of western civilization than any other
tongue taken together with the rapid growth
of the numbers of those people has caused
It to be taken as one of the certainties that
the English language is to inherit the earth.
But the well known writer, H. C. Wells, in
his "Anticipations" in the North American
Review, is not so sure that English is to
have a clean aweep. It is not German, but
French, that ne thinks is likely to contest
with English for the ultimate supremacy and
is pretty certain to remain, in any event, as
"k great world language. One great argument
in favor of French is its lucidity and prerise
ness of expression. It is asserted that some
scientific writers, dealing with complex ques
tions, which are very difficult to elucidate,
find that it helps them greatly to write their
matter in French and then, If they wish to
publish in English, translate it into their
mother tongue. A factor that favors both
the French and German as against the Eng
lish is that both the continental languages
are to-day the medium of a much more seri
ous, that Is to say, intellectual literature. It
may surprise the average man to know that
the gay French produce and read much more
heavy literature than the English—but such is
the fact. As against German French is mak
ing notable Inroads; It is rapidly gaining
ground in Switzerland and In Belgium, and
the world over there are numerous readers
of the French language outside the French
political system. We may not be able to
agree with all that Mr. Wells says about the
prospects of French as a world language, but
we cannot deny that a language which is
spoken by about 60,000,000 people, which is
the language of the most intellectual race
in the world, which continue* to put forth
great masterpieces of literature and i 6 the
medium of many great contributions to sci
ence, must continue to be, at least, no mean
rival of English as a world tongue.
Fewer Lynching* In Georgia —Mob
violence has so declined in George recently
that the Atlanta Constitution says Governor
Allen D. Candler will probably not refer to
It in his message to the legislature. In dis
cussing the subject the other day he declared
that there was no longer any excuse for
lynch law in the souths empire state. The
ravisher is punished by death If convicted,
and once he is arrested there is little hope
for him if guilty. During the last twelve
months there have been nine cases of assault
upon white women by negro men. In one
case the mob got the guilty man before the
officers arrived; in five cases the offenders
were legally tried, convicted and punished; In
two cases the supposed guilty parties were
acquitted, and in one the offender was never
apprehended. This is a good record and a
great credit to Georgia. In passing it may be
remarked that had all these cases been
dealth with by the mob instead of the court 3
the two Innocent but accused persons would
have been strung up before their innocence
was established. Throughout the south there
seems to have been a revival of the feelim?
of duty among officers of the law confronted
with a threatened lynching. It is no longer t
such an easy matter to get a prisoner out of
Jail as it once was.
Bad Repntation of the Police —ln
The World's Work for October Franklin
Matthews says that to come squarely at it
the police force of nearly every American city
Is under the suspicion that for money crime
is not only tolerated but encouraged. The
Indictment is too true. The corruption of our
municipal politics has not stopped -with the
looting of the public treasury. It has nat
urally and inevitably led on to crimes against
persons, so that the police forces of many
C itj es _-the bodies actually paid, organized
and maintained to suppress and check crime,
tolerate, encourage and are parties to crime.
One reads in the New York papers how hon
est shopkeepers who do not pay tribute to the
police are persecuted and, on perjured evi
dence, convicted on trumped up charges,heav
ily fined and driven out of business. There is
no use in trying to be optimistic about
American municipal government. It is an
absolute and disgraceful failure. We may
some day -clean this Augean stable of cor
ruption, but its unlovellnesa is not relieved
in any way at the present time. Here and
there are well-governed cities, but they are
so exceptional as to little more than prove the
Bicentennial* in Vogue — American
bicentennials will be in order now that we
have reached such antiquity that seventeenth
century happenings are 200 years ago. One
of the first will be that of the city of Mo
bile, which was founded in 1702 by LeMoyna
de Bienville.
Congress of "Weather-Shooters"—
The third cannon-firing congress will meet at
Lyons, France, on Nov. 15, 16 and IT. This
is no convention of military artillerists, but
of mild-mannered farmers ("weather-shoot
ers," the Germans call them) who have begun
to use cannon to defend their grape crops
against the hostile elements— especially In
the form of hall. The United States consul
at Lyons, Mr. Covert, who has reported ex
haustively concerning the use of explosives
in breaking up hail storms, declares. In an
swer to some ridicule that has b«en heaped
upon the agricultural artillery idea in America
by Willis L. Moore, chief of the weather bu
reau, and others, that he has never ex
pressed an opinion of his own concerning It.
At the same time he remarks that experiments
on a large scale are being conducted by
thousands of people in two great nations and
that it is absurd to call the idea a popular
delusion of the uneducated peasantry. The
experiments have been conducted by the
wealthy and well-educated proprietors and
have been accepted as conclusive by the
French peasantry, which is nothing If not
conservative. Mr. Covert rather Ironically
remarks that the care of a little property
goes further to develop habits of thought and
judgment than a little learning. He is confi
dent that sufficient data will be presented
to the approaching congress to settle the ques
China a Marlcet for Cheap Thlnafß—
The consular reports comment on a peouliar
characteristic of the Chinese people—viz, that
they handle the things they use bo very
carefully that cheap and poorly made articles
will last much longer with them than with
other peoples. Consequently th* Chinese mar
ket is a fine one for flimsy, gaudy and cheap
things that would find very little Bale in
The Farmers' Trust—The farmer*' In-
I ternatlonal trust idea, so strenuously advo
i cated by our own J. C. Hanley, Is taking root
jin Europe. There has lately been organized
in France an international committee on the
price of wheat which is supported by twenty
nine agricultural societies in eight different
nations of Europe. The committee purposes
ultimately to fix the price of wheat
Facts Leaking Out.
Omaha World-Hewdd.
One charge against Schley la that h» «ail«f
to locate the Spanish fleet. That Is th« rea
son why the fleet escaped In safety and mads
Its way back to Spain.
A Creditable Appointment.
Philadelphia Record.
It has now developed that there wm con
siderable republican protest against the ap
pointment of ex-Governor Jones, of Alabama,
to "the vacant federal judgeshlp In that state.
It is all th« more to the credit of President
Roosevelt that the appointment was made.
The Strenuous Way.
Louisville Courier-Journal.
President Roosevelt bas had Platt to dl&nir,
and now it is said he has sent for Odell. He
Is evidently tackling the New York patronage
question with all the energy with which h»
hunts mountain lions and other varmints.
Utilising the Lull.
Plttsburg Times.
Th« press agent of Don Carlos has taken
prompt advantage of the dose of the base
ball season to get in a few lines about some
prospects of another uprising.
Not So Funny.
Chicago Tribune.
And yet there is nothing essentially ridicu
lous in the idea that a public officer is ft
public trust
The TobogKan Is GrewecL
Atlanta Journal.
So far as we are able to judge everything
teems to favor Senator Platt's expressed da
lire to get out of politics for good.

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