LUCIAN iWIIT, i J. S. McLAIN,
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T II L JOURNAL, la published
every evening, except Sunday, at
47-4U Fourth Street South, Journal
Iluildinir, Minneapolis. Minn.
C. J. Billeon, Manager Foreign Adver
NEW YORK OFFICE—B6, S7, 88 Tribune
' CHICAGO OFFICE—3O7, 308 Stock Ex
change building. I
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plicit order is received for discontinuance,
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pers are not Delivered Promptly,
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The Journal Is on sale at the news
stands of the following hotels:
Plttsburg, Pa.—Du Uuesue.
Salt Lake City, Utah—The KnuUford.
Omaha, Neb. —Paxton Hotel.
Los Angeles, Cal.—Hotel Van Nuys.
Denver, Brown's Palace Hotel.
St. Louis, Mo.—Planters' Hotel, Southern
Kansas City, Mo.-Coates House.
Boston, Mass —Young's Hotel, United
Cleveland, Hollenden House, Weddell
Cincinnati, Ohio—Grand Hotel.
Detroit, Mich.—Russell House, Cadillac.
Vv'atnlngtun, 1). C—Arlington Hotel, Ka
Chicago, 111.—Auditorium Annex, Great
New York City—lmperial, Holland, Murray
Spokane, Wash.—Spokane Hotel.
Tacoma, Wasti.—Tacoma Hotel.
Seattle, .. ash.—Butler Hotel.
Portland, Oregon—Portland Hotel, Perkins
OF THE —
Oct. 1 51,162
Oct. 2 50,774
Oct. 3 50,617
Oct. 4 51,227
Oct. 5 53,361
Oct. 7 50,993
Oct. 8 50,435
Oct. 9 50,990
Oct. 10 59,486
Oct. 11..... 51,795
Oct. 12 54,948
Oct. 14 .51,250
Oct. 15 51,293
Oct. 16 51,258
Oct. 17...... 51,322
Oct. 18...... 51,512!
Oct. 19 53,055
Oct. 21. 51,041
Oct. 22...... 51,182'
The above is a true and correct statement i
of the circulation of The Minneapolis Journal
for dates mentioned.
KINGSLEY T. BOARDMAN,
Sworn and subscribed to before me this
23d day of October. 1901.
' ; C. A. TULLER,
Notary Public, Hennepin County.
Seventy-four More Wanted
The Journal has received a letter
from a Minneapolis business man, who
does not care to have his name used at
this tlmo, in v-hich he says:
The objects sought to be accomplished by
the Visiting Nurses' Association of this city
appeal to me very strongly. If the associa
tion, can be maintained with an expense of
$150 to $200 per month, as stated in The
Journal of last Saturday, it ought to be
an easy matter to provide that sum by secur
ing pledges of good reliable men to give $1
or more each per month for at least one year.
I will give $2 per month until the close of
1902, provided enough more will make similar
pledges to insure a contribution of at least
$150 per month.
Here ia a practical proposition and a
clearly defined opportunity to do good
which ought to be worth consideration and
aceptance by some of those busy people
who would like to do something to help
the needy and relieve the sufferings of the
poor, but complain that they do not know
how. There Is no trouble about this way
of doing It. The Visiting Nurses' Asso
ciation is all right.
It seems less and less probable, as the
facts become more thoroughly and gen
erally understood, that the workingmen
of the city in the building trades will al
low themselves to be used to any con
siderable extent in backing up an em
ploying plumbers' trust, especially when
there are no questions of unionism neces
The Seaward Canal
It Is reported from Washington that the
state of New York will ask federal aid in
the construction of the proposed 1,000-ton
barge canal from Buffalo to the Hudson,
which the recent state commerce conven
tion at Buffalo decided was essential to
the promotion of the commercial Interests
of the state of New York.
The plan of the state convention in
cludes the improvement of Cayuga and
Seneca lakes and the Cayuga and Seneca
canal in connection with the Erie canal
improvement, so as to effect free water
communication with that part of the state.
The Erie improvement will increase the
carrying capacity of a canal boat four
times the present* tonnage and reduce
freights per ton mile very much lower
than the lowest railway rate which haa
'been made, and stop the differentials in
rail freights which are unfavorable to
New York. The friends of this plan think
that it will work so as to divert to the
Erie a large quantity of the freight from
our western states now transported by
the Canadian canals to tide water. They
think that New York will be greatly bene
flted through the manufacture of raw Iron
ore into finished iron and steel products
In the state.
Such is the expectation of the promoters
of this 1,000-ton 'barge proposition, tne
effectuation of which will cost from $60,
--000,000 to $100,000,000, a sum against which
a large number of taxpayers protest and
stand by the former proposition, which
the state began to carry out, at an esti
mate! cost to complete of from $9,000,000
to $10,000,000. This plan would give a
canal nine feet deep, which would not ob
viate the necessity of unloading and re
loading at Buffalo, and the idea of a
through traffic to New York," without
breaking bulk from the lakes to New-
York, would have to be abandoned.
Federal aid to such a product would be
a misapplication of the public money. The
1,000-ton barge proposition is not a solu
tion of the transportation problem for the
western states, for it would not meet the
demands of commerce. Through tie Sault
Ste. Marie canal, during the open season,
three timea as much tonnage is trans
ported as goes through the Suez canal in
a year. What is needed is a ship canal of
such dimensions as would furnish the low
est cost of transportation seaward by sea
going vessels. Such a canal, obtained by
improving the old Erie', or by construct
ing a canal around Niagara Falls and
reaching the Hudson via Lake Ontario,
the Oswego canal and the Mohawk Valley,
would justify federal aid, for it would be
a national highway.
If this waterway is not constructed,
thero is no doubt that our Canadian
neighbors will -complete their ambitious
plan for a canal system from Lake Huron
to tidewater at Montreal. If this system
is completed American shippers will nat
urally ship that way, because it will be
cheaper and more convenient. Those are
the elements in waterway construction
which command precedence with shippers
over everything else.
The grain commission man who is tak
ing a well-earned vacation in the county
jail in consequence of contempt of court,
deserves no sympathy. A man of his
implied intelligence who shows not only
constructive but the most literal contempt
of court can be cured only by the severest
Opponents of reciprocity with Cuba will
do well to reflect on the growing strength
of the annexation movement in that coun
try. It may be possible to defeat the rec
iprocity measure in congress, but that
body will hardly dare to refuse an ear
nest and harmonious appeal from Cuba
for annexation. As both reciprocity and
annexation are evils from the point of
view of the interests that are now espec
ially engaged in opposing reciprocity it
may soon be necessary for them to choose
Senator Ransbrough's Position
Through his paper, the Devils Lake
Inter-Ocean, Senator Hansbrough of North
: Dakota has made a decidedly Delphic
| statement regarding the question of reci
procity. He says:
The fact should not -be overlooked that,
while there is a very general demand for a
I broad reciprocity policy on the part of this
j government, the most persistent advocates of
iit are the free traders of old. Reciprocity
: has ever been one of the principles of the
| republican party, because it is the handmaid
; of protection; yet the republican party will
| decline, as it has always declined, to enter
upon a scheme of "tariff revision" by indi
! If the senator had appended a foot note
i reconciling the contradictory statements
i here made it would be easier to discuss
J the question with him. If reciprocity is
I not a kind of tariff revision in respect
jto some countries, at least, it would be
| hard to define it. The senator says it has
I always been recognized as the hand
! maiden of protection, yet he asserts that
republicanism will have none of it.
But it is plain enough that whatever
I may be Hansbrough's conception of the
I relation of reciprocity to the policy of
i protection he is opposed to it.
Tariff revision is coming sooner or'
later in this country —there can be no
doubt of that. Every day the feeling
gains ground 'that the extreme high pro
tective duties now imposed are no longer
necessary. Revision by reciprocity which,
at each step, recompenses us for what
we give to other nations seems a mod
erate method of tariff revision; far su
perior to revision by sweeping acts, with
which we had such hard experience.
When such a far-seeing statesman as
j the late president, who was the very in
| carnation of protection, foresaw the ne
j cessity for a policy of reciprocity it can
i not be lightly denied that there is a pow
jerful leaven at work. That being the case
it would seem to be a question whether
the republican party, the friend of the
| tariff, is to do the revising, or leave it
to the democracy, at heart a free trade
party. In some quarters the impression
is becoming fixed that powerful selfish
interests will prevent the adoption of the
reciprocity policy by the republicans, much
as they may approve of it as a theory,
and that through the opening thus cre
ated by the republicans the democrats
will yet sneak into power under the cloak
of advocacy of reciprocity. Doubtless
Senator Hansbrough thinks that in frown
ing down reciprocity he is displaying to
advantage his rock-ribbed republicanism,
but events may yet show that his course
is a mistaken one.
According to reports which, of course,
will later on be denounced as "garbled,"
Charles A. Towne seems to define a man
who gets riches by digging gold and silver
I to be a plutocrat, whereas a man who
draws oil out of the ground is a friend of
the people and one of the masses.
From the standpoint of the British war
office the fault with General Buller was
not that he was beaten and advised the
surrender of Ladysmith, but that he pub
licly admitted that such were the facts.
After the war office had given him the un
deserved promotion to the command of the
First army corps it should have stood pat,
speech or no speech. It knew when it
promoted him all that the honest old
blunderer subsequently admitted.
The Louisville Courier-Journal, the
Memphis Comemrcial Appeal and oth
er papers, apropos of the .Booker
T. Washington incident, are making re
marks about the action of Minnesota club
women in refusing membership to a col
ored woman's club. There are various
explanations of this fact, but taken in al
most any phase, it shows race prejudice
in Minnesota. As far as Th c Jour
nal Is concerned, it has never hesitated
to admit that there 1b no love wasted on
the negro in any part of the north. Yet
there Is a difference between the prevail
ing types of race prejudice in the two
sections. Northern men who would re
sent as much as any southerner the social
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
mingling of the two races, can find no
ground for criticism of President Roose
velt in entertaining Mr. Washington.
It isn't simply whether borax is harm
ful, but also a question whether it shall
be used to cover up the existence of poi
sons that are deadly and aid In the sale
of meats that should be consigned to the
desslcating works instead of the con
sumer's dinner table.
It is only eight years until Tammany
will be able to celebrate the hundredth
anniversary of the first exhibition of its
most pronounced specialty. It was in
1809 that William Mooney, Tammany's
founder, commended himself to future gen
erations of the tribe by stealing $5,000
from the New York city poorhouse. Tam
many certainly has good claim to recogni
tion as a permanent institution. There is
no other society in the United States
which has robbed a city for ninety-.three
Bad Philippine News
Recent news from the Philippines is not
altogether reassuring. Following the mas
sacre of a large part of Company C of the
Ninth infantry, came the bloody attack
upon Company E, news of the discovery of
a plot to massacre another detachment,
reports of the ill-concealed joy of the
natives over the Balanglga massacre, even
in the pacified provinces, and efforts se
cretly to arm the nativea. To those who
have looked forward to the near approach
of a time when It could be said that the
Philippines are pacified, in the same sense
that the southern states were pacified a
year after Lee surrendered, this news
will be intensely disappointing. But to
those who have followed the history of
the contact betwee*n native and interven
ing races elsewhere —in India, in Java,
in Africa, in Tonquin, in Algeria, in the
American west —the news comes only in
fulfillment of their expectations.
They know that under conditions in
volving the imposition of the sovereignty
of one race over another, the Inferior
rarely if ever wastes any love on the su
perior no matter how excellent be the in
tentions of the newcomers. They know
that the white man having taken up the
burden must go ahead with it undeceived
by the smiles, undismayed by the scowls
of the people he is dealing with. He must
not expect thanks, and if they come he
must suspect their sincerity; he must ex
pect resentment and it' it comes he must
be indifferent to its display.
Added to this general condition in the
Philippines there is the fact that a part
of the inhabitants have been for ages al
most constantly in arms and revolt
against the Spaniards. The habit of in
surrection has become chronic. We can
not expect iii a few months or a few
years to eradicate this fondness for tu
That we are making substantial progress
in the Philippines there can be no doubt.
Trade —that indisputable barometer of po
litical conditions—cl|arly shows that, tak
ing the aslands as* a whole, normal con
ditions are about restored. But normal
conditions in the Philippines do not mean
conditions that are fully satisfactory.
But undisturbed by every adverse
happening we must go steadily on
with our work, helping the Filipinos
to better things and eventually to
self-government, if they are capable
of it. If they are not, if they are
permanently unequal to it, then must we
do for them what they cannot do for
themselves. Loyalty must be rewarded;
rebellion must be put down and punished
with a heavy hand; the masacres of Sa
mar must be answered by the crushing of
Luckban's bands, though it takes 10,000
soldiers to do the work. The natives must
learn that punishment, swift and terrible,
will follow every injury done to Amer
The sultan is now said to have con
tributed to the abduction of Miss Stone
as a means of getting even with the United
States for compelling him to pay indemni
ties on account of Armenian outrages. If
Uncle Sam finds that this charge against
the sultan of Turkey is true he will make
Turkey look sick—Thanksgiving Day.
Yale's Proud Record
That among Yale's 22,000 graduates
there should be so many who have at
tained distinction and performed great
and valuable services in the develop
ment of the nation, is a sufficient answer
to those who are prone to belittle col
lege education. In his address at the
Yale bicentennial, yesterday, President
Northrop of the University of Minnesota
showed that Yale has given the country
fifteen United States senators, many
representatives, the first presidents of
eighteen colleges, 105 college presidents
altogether, of eighty-five different insti
tutions; and more than 600 college profes
sors. This is only a partial list, and
leaves out of consideration hundreds of
Yale men who have distinguished them
selves in politics, law, medicine, literature,
the ministry, the army and business. Of
those who have not achieved fame doubt
less the greater part are good citizens.
As Dr. Northrop says, probably the real
men of genius in these lists of honors did
not get their inspiration from the college i
and would have been great men without
a college training. But the college
training was very likely the elevation of
the medicore men on the Hsts. And it
i is the mediocre man, the average man,
j who determines the character of a nation
| and makes its history. President North
rop wisely states, in variance with Car
lyle's idea of a nation's history, that it is
not an account of its great men, but
j rather an account of the development and
I progress of the people. The greatest
i service the college performs, then, from
this point of view, is not in polishing and
equipping the great men who come to It,
who would be great despite it, but in
I training and directing the talents of the
average man, in helping him to make the
best possible use of them.
Mrs. Q. L. Moses of
"Ji TkotlghtShaiioWee, if the Shakopte
for the n/ni"D4ily Courier can be be
' tJUy Hcved, is a strong advocate
of the power of thought and has influenced
even the sterner mind of Mr. Moses in that
direction by her confidence. Besides Mrs.
Moses' bed, says the Courier, a motto cal
endar hangs, entitled "A Thought Jor the
Day." Every day a date Is torn off and
the new day begins with a new thought.
When Mr. Moses tore off the date the other
morning he read the following motto:
: Nothing can work me damage but :
: myself. —St. Bernard. :
It struck Mr. Moses, says the Courier, as
being; a rich think and he committed It to
memory. As he passed down stairs and out
on the back steps, to split some wood for
the breakfast fire, he revolved Che thought in
his mind. As he did ao he stepped on the
THE OLD HOUSE OF REV. SAMUEL RUSSELL AT BRANFORD, CONN., WHERE
THE MINISTERS MET AND FOUNDED YALE COLLEGE IN 1701 BY THE GIVING
OF BOOKS FOR SUCH A PURPOSE.
outer edge of an iron pan of ashes that Brita,
the maid of all work, had left on the steps
the night before, intending to empty them
the first thing in tho morning.
The neighbor who reported the rest of the
sorrowful affair to the Courier says that for
a moment the air was full of ashes, of Mr.
Moses and of a variety of talk that he did j
not care to repeat unless forced to do so by j
the court. The landing made by Mr. Moses
was also bitter .and sorrowful. And before'
the clatter had hardly subsided Mr 3. Moses
raised the window and inquired, "Have you
got those ashes over the s;eps?"
The motto calendar has been taken down.
While President Roosevelt entertains Book
er T. Washington at dinner, the Minnesota
Federation of Women's Clubs refuses admis
sion to its organization of a colored women's
club of that state. And Minnesota is about
as far north as it cau get, too.—Kansas City
How does this make you feel, ladies?
The coal strike Reems to have been comfort
ably settled but if anyone thinks that it will
bring down the price he is showing a mental
tint that is greener than grass in Ireland.
If anybody or any section expects to bull
doze the president out of any of his ideas,
they have bitten off the tin tug together with
a particularly large stetion of the plug.
After the screens are taken off, the little
Swedish fly, sometimes known as the yellow -
jacket, gets into the house and makes a
St. Louis thinks it oan get itself cleaned
up by adopting charter amendments. It's
men, not charters, that clean up a city.
Recent rains in the southwest have revived
nature and there is a strong growth of fall
feed and grass widows.
Some patrons of the street car line are
Bore because there are no rocking chairs for
Some $98,000,000 Is wanted for the navy.
That would build bicycle paths from Maine
Prairie fire went over northwestern North
Dakota like grandpa on roller skates.
Papa Zimmerman has paid the debts of the
•Duke of Manchester. Papa was easy.
It will soon be Hallowe'en and the kids will
get it if it isn't nailed down.
The third year of the Boer war has opened
with, nobody satisfied.
"The Sign of the Cross" continues to at
tract large audiences to the Metropolitan,
and seems to be as popular as ever with
theater-goers. The play will run through
the remainder of the week, with Saturday
Richard Golden's "Old Jed Prouty" has
beea spoken of as one of the most brilliant
sketches of country life ever produced on
the etage. The line*>sparkle with that keen
wit and telling satire lor. which th£ Yankee
is famed. Mr. Golden's engagement at the
Metropolitan is for lour nights and matinee,
opening next Sunday.
Tim Murphy's success in Paul Wilstach's
new play, "A Capitol Comedy," is due to a
remarkably amusing and natural character
ization as the central figure of a strong play
of incidents and characters. For the sake
of comparison, explicitly denying any simi
larity, "A Capitol Comedy" has been al
lnded to by the most conservative'"critics as
another "The Senator." It cannot be com
pared to "A Texas Steer," for, fine as was
Mr. Murphy's creation of the Hon. Maverick
Brander, the later success is in a class above
the Hoyt farce.
Again last evening wag the Bijou crowded
to the doors and the audience thoroughly
enjoyed the performance of "The Head
Waiters," Ward and Yokes' latest fun vo
liicle. These two fun-makers have not been
seen here for some little time, and their
appearance, assisted by a large and clever
company, is an event of more than usual
The stage of the Bijou, the comkig week,
will be occupied by the Black PattT Trouba
dours. Black Patti, who Is recognized the
world over as the greatest singer of her
race, enjoys the further distinction of being
the stellar feature with this organization.
There are forty people in the company,
which Includes at least a score of specialty
performers who are leaders in their respec
tive lines. The opening skit is called "A
Filipino Mis-Fit," in which the entire com
pany's forces are afforded full scope for
their diversified talents. The vaudeville
which follows is of the highest standard and
all of the specialty performers take part.
OUT OP THE TALL GRASS
Corsicana, Tex., News: "Rattlesnakes are
grateful If you gain their affection," says
Colonel S. Houston Tutt. "My brother Jim
found a six-foot rattler near town caught
under a boulder and instead of using his ad
vantage he sympathetically released the snake,
which thereupon became a pet and followed
Jim about and guarded him as watchfully as
a dog. One night he was awakened, and,
missing the snake in Its usual place at the
foot of the bed, he knew something was
wrong. He got up and lighted a match to
investigate and found a burglar in the next
room in the coils of the snake, which had Its
tail out of the window rattling for the po
Devils Lake, N. D., News: "The following
note was received by a local doctor in answer
to a missent dun: 'Dear Sur: This note was
put in my box by mistake. I hant the man,
hees dead, and ain't any relative of mine
anyway. How dose your conshens let you
dun the dead? Why don't you lead a better
criston life and try to meet that man in
heaven which is worth more than forty dol
lars to any doctor.' "
Raleigh, N. C, News: "North Carolina
pastors are noticeably considerate. The Rev.
Jesse !H. Page, while preaching at Morgan
town a recent hot summer evening, dropped
his voice almost to a whisper, saying: 'I hope
the brethren in the rear will excuse me if they
do not hear. If I talk louder I will awaken
those in the front pews.' "
A Job for Fnmton.
St. Peter Journal. ■■, •;" ••;v<l-
It is about time to have this rebel- General
Lucban Fredfunstoned. .:-.■-•
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WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 23, 1901
THAT ROOSEVELT DINNER
The following excerpts show how the south
takes the Booker Washington incident:
Richmond News—At one stroke and by one
act he has destroyed the kindly warm regard
and personal affection for him which were
growing up fast in the south. Hereafter we
may approve his policies and admire his qual
ities, but it will be impossible for us to j
feel as we were beginning to feel, that he is
one of us and close to us, our president.
New Orleans States —In the face of the facts
it can but appear that the president's action
was little less than a studied insult to the
south adopted at the outset of his administra
tion for the purpose of showing his contempt
for the sentiments and prejudices of this sec
tion, and of forcing upon the country social
customs which are utterly repugnant to the i
entire south, as well as to many in the north
who understand the situation.
Congressman Sydney J. Bowie, fourth Ala
bama district: "The action of President
Roosevelt is an attempt to establish social
equality between the races. This, of course,
is impossible. The sole effect will be to
cause discontent among the negroes as a
race and revive in a measure the animosities
and dangers of the reconstruction period. I
don't think the chief executive of the nation
has the right to outrage the feelings and in
stincts of the people among whom the great
bulk of the negroes live. Nor do I believe it
will be approved by the intelligence of the
Columbia Herald—A man may be fairly
judged by the company he chooses. In his
business dealings and in public places he
may be thrown sometimes with those he most j
detests, and whose presence he abhors. But
when a man of his motion invites another
man to his home and to his table, his ideas
of social life and the proprieties due to him
self, his family and his position, may be fair
ly, intelligently and impartially Judged by
that. So when Theodore Roosevelt Invited
Booker T. Washington, colored, to dine with
him, he said to the world by that act, I con
sider this man my friend and social equal.
And we shall not gainsay Mr. Roosevelt's es
timate of himself. He has said that he con
siders himself no better than a negro, and
we are willing to let it go at that.
Chattanooga- Times—We regard the incident
as unfortunate at thiß time because the South
was beginning to entertain a very kindly
feeling for the youag president, and It will
undoubtedly check any further development
of confidence in his judgment or his profes
sion of friendship for southern institutions.
As to his willingness as a man, as Theodore
Roosevelt, the individual, to sit at the social
table with the learned negro, we have nothing
to say; that is a matter of taste with him.
But we believe he made a mistake, and a by
no means insignifirant one, when as president
he apparently went out of his way to offend
the American idea of propriety and social
distinction; for this idea of social distinc
tion is thoroughly American, not sectional, a
small part of New England alone excepted.
New Orleans Times-Democrat—Every one
knows that when Mr. Roosevelt sits down to
dinner in the. White House with a negro, he
that moment^Heclares to all the world that,
in the judgment of the president of the
United States, the negro is the social equal
of the white man.
Nashville Daily News—Mr. Roosevelt can
certainly not be undertaking to champion so
cial equality between the races. That has
been abandoned long ago except by a few
fanatical crunks. We take it that when sifted
down this act of the president will be found
to be of a piece with a good many rather
foolish and ill-considered speeches he has
made since his elevation to the presidency.
Nashville Banner—lf the prominent negro
who has thus been taken into social equality
with the family of the president had been
present at a strictly official dinner, there
might have been less cause for criticism, but
by the innovation President Roosevelt' has
made he not only disregards precedent at the
White House, but apparently purposely defies
and rebukes the racial social distinction
which is so sedulously maintained in the
southern states, and, indeed, for the most
part, throughout the whole country.
Richmond Dispatch—With our long-matured
views on the subject of social intercourse be
tween blacks and whites, the least we can
say now is that we deplore the president's
taste and we distrust his wisdom.
Nashville American—The uegro Washington
commands the souths respect and good will.
He is a man of good character and deserves
great credit for the success he has achieved
for himself and for the work he is doing for
his race. The American has not hesitated to
accord him all due praise. But the south
insists that the line which divides the races
in the matter of social equality must be
rigidly maintained. The reasons for this it is
not necessary to discuss.
Caasell's Saturday Journal.
The sympathies of the generous Briton
who visits a certain Italian cathedral are al
ways roused (together with his sense of hu
mor) by the following notice, which appears
in a conspicuous position over an alms box:
Appele to Charitables. The Brothers so
called, of Mercy, ask slender arms for the
hospital. They harbour all kinds of diseases
and have no respect to religion.
THE PROFESSOR'S STORY
At a recent dinner given In honor of a
certain man of letters, Hamilton Wright
Mabie, who was one of the speakers of the
evening, said, in the course of his remarks,
that a pessimist might be defined as a person
who has the choice between two evils, and
selects both. A Columbia student who hap
pened to attend the dinner sat, the next
morning, under Professor Brander Matthews,
who delivered a characteristic lecture, with
statistics, on everything in general. During
the lecture Mr. Matthews remarked, with the
air of a man conscious of tosßing off an origi
nal Jewel of epigrammatic wisdom, "You
know, gentlemen, we may define a pessimist
as a man who has the choice between two
evils and takes both."
The student, who was certain that Mr. Mat
thews had not been present the evening be
fore, looked the professor up at the conclusion
of the lecture, saying:
"Your definition of a pessimist struck me
forcibly, but I heard Mr. Mabie give the
same one last night."
"Is that so?" replied Mr. Matthews suavely.
"He forestalled me by half a day then. We
both heard It from Mark Twain two evenings
Not for the silent chief whom Death
Gently and sedulously keeps
Within a splendid calm; nanght mars
His well-won laurels where he sleeps.
Rather for him who newly stands
Half-startled on a slippery height.
Like a strong fal< on which some hand
Unhooded rudely, whom the light '
Floods unforeseen, but who shall prove
A wide-winged strength! For him we pray:
Qi've him such wisdom swift and keen
He shall restore us Yesterday!
—Clinton Dangerfleld in the Century.
Remembered "Bofo«" Too Soon.
The present state of affairs in South Africa
Is •nough to make the British public feel
that It got gold-bricked wheu It made "Bobs"
& present of $500,000 for whipping the Boer*.
■ x^fe^-^^wf^^^ F-Kl-3 cribner*
Copyright, ISHiI, by F. K. Scribner.
I was walking in the king's garden, for,
as lieutenant of his musketeers, it was my
duty to guard the royal person, when Louis,
who had approached unobserved, confronted
"M. de Marc," said he, "you are a brave
"Sire," replied I, knowing 'twas the pre
lude to one of those missions with which his
majesty was pleased to honor me, "boing of
the musketeers it follows—"
"And have proven yourself of much discre
tion," continued the lung, therefore —" Then
sinking his voite to a whisper; "the Chevalier
do Trois is known to you?"
I had myself conducted the Chevalier to
the bastille not three months before
"The prisoner of the bastille; certainly,
sire, for 'twus by your command I —"
Louis looked upon the ground. "Faith,"
murmured he, "I had forgotten; perchance
he hath escaped or —"
"From the bastille!" cried I. "It wore im
The king bit his lips. "And for what was
he imprisoned, the Chevalier de Trois?" asked
Now it was not my business to inqu're con
cerning the crimes of prisoners of state.
"He is a gentleman of much promise," con
tinued the king, breaking in upon my reply.
"'Tls 111 fitting that so brave a cavalier rot
in the dungoons of the bastille; what think
you, M. de Marc?"
" 'Tis indeed beyond comprehension," re
plied I, somewhat troubled at the royal mood.
"A word from your majesty, which I will
gladly carry to the governor, will —"
The king smiled sourly. "And the good
Cardinal Mazarlu?" he asked, "think you,
sir, my minister would favor the freeing of
the Chevalier de Trois?"
It was then Mazarin and not tho king who
had brought about the imprisonment of the
unfortunate de Trois.
"If the Chevalier de Trois has offended the
minister," said I, "methinks, sire, he will
remain in the bastille. 'Tis no light thing
A flush of anger overspread the king's coun
tenance. "Faith!" cried he, "am I ever to be
thrust behind a curtain by this thieving pre
late? Is he then king of France and I a
puppet, that his whims must stand? M. de
Trois must be freed."
The meaning of his words came to me. It
was his pleasure the Chevalier be set at
liberty, but, though king of France, he
shrank from braving the displeasure of his
powerful minister. If M. de Trois regained
his liberty it must be secretly and apparently
against the wishes of the king.
"Sire," replied I, "none can perchance
escape from the bastille, but there be other
prisons in France. The Fortress Dauphlioe
His majesty raised his brows inquiringly.
"And what of the Fortress Dauphine, M. de
Marc?" asked he.
"An order commanding me to conduct the
Chevalier de Trois from the bastille, sire. At,
Dauphine, less strongly guarded, perchance
The king caught at my meaning. "Come,"'
said he, casting upon me a look of gratitude,
"within the hour 'tis my pleasure the Chev
alier de Trois be taken from Paris and im
piisoned in the Fortress Dauphine. I will
direct my secretary to prepare the order."
The Fortress Dauphine was situated some
leagues from Paris. The garrison consisted
of some hundred and twenty nieu, commanded
by four officers and a governor, whose liking
for the wine cup was well known to the
occupants of the fortress. It was to this)
prison that I conducted the Chevalier de
Trois on the afternoon of that day in which
his majesty had spoken to me in the garden.
Upon my delivering the order to the pris
oner, in his chamber in the bastille, he had
turned pale as chalk, thinking it nothing else
than a prelude to his speedy execution, for
a famous headsman dwelt in the *vicinity of
Dauphine. Once upon the road, however,
having commanded my two musketeers to fall
back, that I might ride by I)e Trois' side, I
made haste to end his torment.
He listened to me as one dazed by an un
"Come," said I, having lead the matter be
fore him, "It now remains with yourself to
gain your freedom; I can but open, in part,
the way to you."
"Then it is the king's wish that I escape?"
"As to that," replied I, " 'tis not my busi
ness, nor thine, M. de Trois, to seek to know
the wishes of his majesty; suffice that I offer
to you a way whereby you may gain your lib
erty. If you fear the danger of —"
Daily New York Letter
Trade "War in Tobacco.
Oct. 23.—Wai", street looks for a merry in-'
ternational trade war in the tobacco field.
The Universal Tobacco company, which was
formed not long ago In this country with
$10,000,000 capital stock, it was announced
to-day, has reached an understanding with
the Imperial Manufacturing company of Great.
Britain and Ireland, which represents 90 per
cent of the European tobacco Industry, by
which it will join in the general fight against
the Consolidated company. The Imperial
company has a capital of $75,«00,000. W. H. I
Butler is president of the Universal company.
A further development is the fact that Mr.
Butler, together with Frank Tilford and
Henry R. Wilson, both of them directors
of the Universal company have with H. B.
Hollins, Philip Lehman and R. R. Govin,
formed a committee with the view of submit
ting to the shareholders of the Havana Com
mercial company a plan for improvement of
the situation of the company, the adjustment
of Its floating debt, and the extension of its
operations. Mr. Tilford has been elected
chairman of the committee. It was stated to
day that the Universal company hoped to ac
quire control of the Havana Commercial com
pany, which has an authorized capital stock
of $20,000,000, and controls cigar and cigarette
factories in Havana, Cuba.
The first development in the pending tobac
co war was the recent acquirement of the
Ogden Tobacco company of England by the
American Tobacco trust, which directed at
tention to the attempt to put the English
tobacco trade under American control.
The campaign committee of the republican
club has got out a poster showing the Tam
many tiger, with teeth and claws in full
view, and a girth resembling that of Tweed.
Down the front of the animal are the following
words, in heavy black letters:
: This awful monster monopolizes all :
: New York. :
"The whole story" is printed under th'>
Objection* to a Man of "War.
Typographical union No 6 has refused to
admit a man to membership because he be
longs to the National Guard. He will prob
ably be honorably discharged so that he may
not lose the opportunity to make a living.
Two distinguished strangers have arrived
In the city. They are Alfred Bowker, mayor
of Winchester, England, and Rev. Dr. Clancy,
bishop of Elphin, Ireland. Mayor Bowker,
who is only 32 years old, comes here as the
representative of the English national com
mittee to attend the dinner to be given by
the Society of Authors in commemoration of
the one thousandth anniversary of the death
of Alfred the Great. Mr. Bowker is the most
recent of a line of mayors of Winchester
which reaches back over 700 years. The
statue to Alfred In that ancient city, which
was the birthplace of the great hero, Is the
largest In all England. Bishop Clancy comes
here to visit the Roman Catholic colleges in
the United States. Ambassador Choate has
returned home for the first time since his ap
pointment, two years ago. It Is understood
that he will remain until January,. He will,
of course, visit Washington to confer with
the president and Secretary Hay. Arrange-
Jx/f**^- JL Jl^v/ AvjJ
He ,;n>iled bitterly. "I could si-ar-'e stop at
that," said he, "having already committed
my soul to God."
"But," continued I, "you will readily per
ceive great dangor lies in the undertaking.
The Fortress Dauphine is garrisoned by live
score men, were any to oppose "
"Five thousand would source turn me from
my purpo.se," replied he, "but open the door
half way and you will have no reason to
doubt my courage."
" 'Tis to-night," said I.
He laid his hand lightly upon my arm.
"M. de Marc," eaid he, "will any misfortune
befall thee from this undertaking?"
"Faith," replied I, "that also is the king's
Being of quick wit he questioned me no
It was M. de Beaufort, the governor of thr>
fortress, who met us at the gate, receiving
from my hands the king's order that the
Chevalier de Trois be held a prisoner at tbe
"M cio Beaufort," said I, the prisoner hav
ing passed out of hearing, "it is the desire of
his majesty that th^ Chevalier de Trois be
given certain freedom; to-night will we dine
together, and if thou "
■ Twill be. indeed, an honor," replied he,
"but thnu and the king's prisoner wilt be my
guests, with certain of the offlcera of the gar
"Nay," replied I, "for it is tRe king's order
that, to-night, none meet the chevalier; to
"As thou wilt." replied he, much flattered
that the king had spoken of him.
Thus it came about, an hour lat^r, the
Chevalier de Troi3, M. de Beaufort and my
seli' were seated together at the governor .
table, with none other present except the sen
tinel beyond the door, whose measured
tramp came to us through the thickness of
"Faith." cried De Beaufort, having finished
the meal and the wine already mounting to
his head, "methinks, being lieutenant of his
majesty's musketeers, many adventures haVe
"Aye," replied I, seeming to be half over
come with drink, "and thou likewise, being
governor of Dauphine."
At that he launched out into a rambling
discourse, applying himself freely to the bot
tle, till the fumes of the wine and the heat
of the room set him nodding and presently
he fell fast asleep with his head upon the
Raising my eyes I fixed them upon those of
the Chevalier de Trois. "Sir," said I, "me
thinks this wine of Dauphine hath well nigh
overcome me, and I would seek the air. I*
memory serves me not a shabby trick, the
way to the rampart lies along yon passage,
guarded by but a single sentinel, or per
chance no more than two. Were I a prisoner
such odds would scarce hinder me, though
from the summit of the rampart to the
ground be twenty feet and some danger lie
to life or limb. Beyond lies the forest, there
Seeming to lose speech in my drunkenness,
I made cshift to rise from the. table, that I
might unbar the window.
With quick comprehension De Trois' eyes
followed me. At 1 reached for the fastening
I heard a sudden movement at the table. The
next instant he had snatched the sword from
the sleeping De Beaufort's side, tumbled the
sentinel from the top to the bottom of the
stairs, and wounding a second who would
have opposed him, ran through the narrow
passage, which ended at the rampart of toe
fortress. A third sentinel, who guarded the
way, he slashed across the face, then, reach
ing the rampart, and with drawn sword in
hand, leaped over the breastwork, gaining
without Injury the ground beneath, when the
darkness hid him from those who, aroused
by the cries of the wounded sentinels, ran
up, muskets in hand.
No one durst leap after him, and in order
to pursue they must go round through the
tower and gate of the citadel to gain the open
ground outside the walls.
The tumult caused by the shouts of cue
perplexed sentries an>l a discharge of a dozen
muskets on the ramparte, aroused the gover
nor from his drunken slumber. Perceiving
that M. de Trois' chair was vacant, his sword
gone from its sheath, and I feigning drunk
enness, leaning against the window, he set
up a great flutcry and dashed from the apart
ment. Ten minutes later I heard the sound
of galloping horses, for M. de Beaufort, at
the head of a score of the garrison, roda
madly forth to pursue the chevalier in the
darkness. As for me, having accomplished
my errand, I lay down upon a bench,, well
knowing that, having delivered the prisoner
to the governor of the fortress, the hand of
Mazarin could not reach me. De Trois waa
ments have been made to give Mr. Choate ft.
Gov. Odell'a Good Work.
No other governor of New York In recent
years has succeded so well in gaining tha
confidence of the independents without sacrif
icing the support of his party organization aa
Governor Odell has done. But lor tha over
shadowing importance of President Roosevelt,
the governor would now be the foremost re
publican in the state. As it is, a great care«r
I will certainly be his, unless something now
unforeseen occurs. Ther cis hardly a doubt
of his renomination next year, although Sen
ator Platt believes in one term for gover
nors, and it is a fact that no republican
governor In thirty years has been renomi
nated, except John A. Dix, In 1874, and he wa3
defeated. Odell will thu3 gain a distinction
denied to Cornell, Morton, Black and Roose
vplt. Moreover, Odell will be a hard man to
beat. One of the chievements o f his adminis
tration has been the reduction In direct state
taxation upon real estate. His object is to
wipe out direct taxes altogether a&d
depend on Indirect taxation to provide the
revenue of the state government. He has
almost succeeded in doing this, as within the
past few days he and the state controller have
decided that It will be necessary to levy a
tax on realty of only one-half of a mill. This
reduction has been made possible by econ
omies In administration brought about by tha
governor and by new sources of revenue,
such as taxation of banks, trust and insurance
companies and the like. Bills for this In
direct taxation were passed by tha last legis
lature upon Odell's suggestion, and the reve
nue produced by them has been larger than
The 1.000-Ton Barjce Canal.
The action of the state commerce conven
tion in Buffalo in indorsing the 1,000-ton barga
canal plan for the Improvement of the Erie
canal is an important step forward in secur
ing an agreement on this, the most important
of all con mercial queetions now before this
state. An agreement is necessary if the legis
lature is to be moved to definite action o*
Corrupt Grand Juries.
Justice Jer6me renews his attack on tiia
grand jury system, and says that he is able
to prove what he says. The people believe
him, for he has a way of commanding their
confidence. "I am a responsible man," he
says, "and am going to stay here In New
York, and whoever wants to can take these
The Army of Officeholders.
A statement prepared In the controller's
office shows that 40,914 persons were in 1900
employed In the government of the city of
New York. Tims one-fifteenth of the total
vote to be cast at the coming election will
be that of municipal office holders, and nearly
every one of them will vote for Tammany.
In 1898 the number of employes was 34,698,
so there was an increase of over 6,000 in two
years. The amount paid for salaries In 1900
was $43,827,517, an Increase of over fT.OOO.QOU.
Sounds Like a Confession,
St. Peter Journal.
It comes just as natural for a politician to
be crooked as it dees for a woman to g«t
off a street car backwards, or a cow to get
up hind end first
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