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THE JOURNAL \ LUCIAN IWIFT, J.S.MOLAIN, HANAGKB. EDITOR. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS Payabi* to The Journal PrintlUfr Co. Delivered by Mall. One copy, one m0nth............... $0.35 One copy, three months 1.00 One copy, six months...... 2.00 One copy, one year 4.00 Saturday Sve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.60 Delivered by carrier One copy, one week 8 cents One copy, one month 35 cents Single c0py;...........-.... ...... 2 centa ADVERTISERS PROVB CIRCULATION. WE BEAT THEMALL! The Minneapolis Journal Gained 211 Columns Over October Last Year. Advertisers prove the circulation of The Journal by using it more than anj other paper in the northwest. The Journal carried 1,215 columns advertising in October, being 75 per cent more than the nearest Minneapolis daily compet itor and 25 per cent more than any Minneapolis daily and Sunday issues com bined. CIRCULATION OF THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL Average for CI XX ft October 3133 V November Ist, 51905 The above Is a true and correct statement Of the circulation of The Minneapolis Journal for dates mentioned. KINOSLEY T. BOARDMAN. Manager Circulation. Sworn and subscribed to before me this fed day of November. 1901. C. A. TULLER, Notary Public, Hennepln County. The Substance of Stead's Dream The admission of all the English speak ing lands into the sisterhood of the Amer ica© states is the startling possibility outlined, by W. T. Stead, editor of the Knglleh Review of Reviews, In a char acter sketch of Theodore Roosevelt, which 1* partly reproduced! elsewhere In this paper* To the great mass of Englishmen and colonials the suggestion will doubtless seem as absurd- as it seems impossible of realization to Americans. The world around, it will be set down as another dream of the Impulsive, visionary Stead ■who, one© an idea strikes him, pursues it to the extremities of all its ramifica tions. Yet is Is worthy of remark in pass ing that the late John Piske once sugges ted that the United States of the World might yet result from the extension of the American political system around the globe. It is not necessary to take Mr. Stead very seriously In this dream of his, grow ing out of his admiration for the great ness of Theodore Roosevelt and the su perb might of the invincible republic of the "west, moving to success in all It undertakes, as compared with the utter dearth of great leaders In the ißrltish empire, the hopeless chaos In South Af rica and tha eclipse of British ascen dancy. The significance of this ■words is not in ■what they propose or hint at—even though he goes to the verge of treason— but in the glimpse they give us of the feeling of despair which has settled down upon the United Kingdom in the face of the hopeless fumbling and incompetency of Its government. It is not Stead alone through whom we can catch this glimpse of British demoralisation. "The country lies before us," says Lord Rosebery. "like that magic mere by which Arthur fought ihls last battle, with its hush and its mist and its swoon. That is a strange and perplexing symptom when our people are passive and silent." "The preaent attitude of the government la one of eullen desperation," says John Morley. "There Is nothing worse than mettle In a Wind horse." A member of parliament exclaimed the other night: "What a misfortune it is for all our business interests that we are not a state in the American union Instead of a little J)it of a kingdom living on sham, false pretence and magnificent blun der!" These have come out in South Africa where an English writer declares that two years of war have resulted only In "shame and humiliation," though the war has been conducted on a far greater scale than any other war in English his tory. The Spectator wonders how long the English masses will stand this blun dering government by the aristocracy. These straws show which way the wind blow*. This Boer war may lead to the re generation of England—to a political rev olution. It may lead to a rising of the people to the shuffling off of eighteenth century ideas, to a democratization of a country which, with all ita democracy, Is govemmantally and socially both an oligrachy and an aristocracy. The dark est hour la Just before the dawn. The United Kingdom is perturbed, blinded, hu miliated, despondent now, but out of this condition may rise a leader of men who ■will correct the blunders of South Africa and restore the lost prestige of the em pire. The Zumbrota Independent is one of those people who act as if they are afraid to have an extra session of the legisla ture for fear the republican legislature will make a fool of Itself. This kind of expression of opinion concerning the re- publican legislature is not calculated to contribute materially to republican buc j cess In the next election. If the repub- lican legislature cannot be trusted at an extra session with a definite thing to do, by what consistency of reasoning can a republican legislature be trusted in 1903 at the regular session? Nature's Curb for Consumption The New York Medico-Legal Journal contains an article on the cure of 'con sumption by camping out, written by Dr. Thomas Bassett Keyes of ChicagOj that should Interest all persons afflicted with consumption or a consumptive tendency— especially those whoso circumstances make it difficult or impossible for them to remove to the southwest, so long con sidered. the most suitable part of the country for this class of invalids. • • The writer recommends northern Wis consin, because it is there that he has had Bom» practical experience in dealing with the dread disease. "What he says of Wisconsin; Is equally true of the piney woods region of northern Minnesota. If he Is right there is no better place in the world for the consumptive than in a canvas tent in the northern woods—it holds out promise not only of relief but of cure. "(Return to natural diet," says the doc tor, "allow light and air to influence your system; camp like the Israelites of old; camp in the balsam woods of north ern Wisconsin, living with nature, and thou shalt prolong thy days and have a goodly chance of recovery." Dr. Keyes cites a number of cases in ■which remarkable cures have been ef fected simply by outdoor life in the north woods, accompanied, of course, by proper diet. He insists that no sanitorium treat ment is to be compared with the camp ing-out treatment. In no other way can the invalid get so much of the fresh, pure vitlllzing air he needs; in no other way can ihe put himself in the way of being acted upon by so many natural tonics and upbuilders. Aside from the mere breath ing of fresh air, camp life is exceedingly favorable to the encouragement of natural, spirited, healthy exercise well calculated to recuperate the nervous sys tem. Moreover, camping, with its fish ing and hunting and tramping and its fas cinating duties in the midst of the wild nature we all love and long for turns the patient's thoughts from morbid considera tion of himself. In the northern woods the air is usually dry, and sunny days, whether winter or summer, are the rule. With proper clothing the patient need not fear a cold, even if he live in his tent all winter, as he should if his case is obstinate. It is altogether probable that many consumptives who read these lines could restore themselves to health and vigor if they have enough energy to take the of fered cure. No time can be considered lost that is devoted to attaining health, but It is possible for the consumptive or nervous patient to obtain property while striving for health. Let him go to the woods and take a claim in some far away spot in the wilderness, and while he is living in his tent, hunting and fishing and enjoying the beauties and blessings of nature, become a land owner. Millions of acres of public lands remain to be taken by the homesteader, and these af ford an opportunity for the poor man afflicted with disease to regain his health as easily as the rich can seek it in more fashionable but farther away and perhaps less healthful regions. The public, we take it, does not like boasting in a newspaper any more than in an individual. But there are occasions when a paper may speak with modest pride of what it has done, Just as the most modest person may sometimes re fer to his achievements. It is in that spirit that the Brooklyn Eagle issued on its sixtieth anniversary, Oct. 26, an illus trated account of Its sixty years of hon orable history. A newspaper is so much in the public eye that questions of its policy and changes in the personnel of its staff often interest a very large portion of the public, yet as these matters have a strictly personal side they rarely creep Into print. Consequently, when a great paper like the Eagle frankly tells of the changes and vicissitudes of its career, explaining why this editor resigned and this proprietor sold out, the account has much of the interest that the personal memoirs of an interesting public man have. The Eagle's story is most enter tainingly told. It has had a career that its editors and publishers may well be proud of and that is an honor to Ameri can journalism. The Course of Business. The most notceable feature of the past week has been the strong movement In the Iron and steel trade. The demand for such products exceeds any previous record. It is so constant and large that manufacturers are not able to secure cam enough. Transportation facilities fail to meet the situation and an obstinate con gestion of freight is reported at Pitts burg, while the rail mills have orders ahead to keep them running for the next six months. The steel mills have been handicapped by a short supply of steel and at PittEburg the pressure for steel products is so great that three new large steel plants are talked of. An enormous business in structural materiel Is re ported. As activity in iron and steel is a sure index to the condition of business generally, there seems to be no cloud in sight to mar the substantial outlook for a continuance of prosperity during the com ing year. In general trade the only handicap in some lines has been the rather unsea sonable and unreliable weather, Which affects the trade in heavy winter wear. The textile industry which, during the summer, indicated some weak ness, is strongly reviving, as is indicated by the transactions in wool in the Boston market this week, amounting to 25,000, --000 pounds purchased by New England manufacturers. A pointer to business conditions is found in the bank clearings, which for^he week: aggregated $2,095,186, --094, of which $756,692,087 was outside of New York, the Increase of the aggregate over last year, same time, being 25.3 per cent and outside of New York, 21.3 per cent. The meaing of this statement as to business Is suggested, as there has been no speculative "boom" on In Wall street or in the wheat market. About $3,000,000 gold went to Europe during the week to help London meet the call for gold at Paris; the French with drawals from London represent simply the recall by the Paris banks of the large loans which they had made there, subject to recall. It is uncertain whether the gold exports will attain any formidable figure, as it depends upon the state of the for eign exchange market and money rates in New York. New York can spare the gold as the surplus reserve of the banks is strong. The gold) exports would be speedily checked by a rise in money rates to 6 per cent, which would stop the rise of sterling exchange to the exporting point, which la above $4.84%. If it Is not profit able to export gold It will not go abroad. This is true with some notable excep tions, as when, two years ago, during a sharp money stringency in New York, gold was exported to meet an urgent call from Europe. The wheat market has been somewhat strengthened by the reports of the big shortage in Europe, notably Germany and Russia and the prospect of a somewhat re duced exportable surplus in Argentina. The defeat of Colonel Benson by the Boers with a loss to the British of many officers killed or wounded and fifty-four men killed and 160 wounded, will take rank as one of the severest engagements of the Boer war. The further fact that the attacking force numbered over a thou sand men goes far to sustain the conten tion of Boer sympathizers that the op position the British are meeting with in South Africa is still tenacious, well or ganized and formidable. Traffic Prosperity. Strong evidence of the prosperous con dition of the northwest for the business campaign of the fiscal year 1901-2 is found in the earnings Statement just'issued by the Northern Pacific railway for the first quarter of the fiscal year. For the three months ended Sept. 30, Northern Pacific gross earnings were $10,460,178.07, an in crease of (1,991,850.12, or nearly 20 per cent over the earnings of the same pe riod last year; while the net eaxnings were $5,307,992.23, an increase of $1,156,149.48, or approximately 22 per cent- Previous to Crop Movements. This marked traffic growth is all the more remarkable because the heavy crop movement through the Northern Pacific territory has hardly begun to manifest it self yet, owing to the lateness of the threshing and the disposition of the farm ers this fall to hold their grain for bet ter prices. Moreover, during the months of July, August and September, covered by the Northern Pacific statement, the wheat crop of North Dakota and northern Minnesota had practically no part what ever, because September and the closing days of August constitute the harvest period of that territory, and threshing scarcely begins until Oct. 1. The months of October, November and December, therefore, will be the great crop moving months of the hard wheat belt tributary to the northern roads, and the large earn ings statements resulting from the grain traffic will begin with October and con tinue through until spring. From July 1 to October 1, Great Northern gross earnings were $9,939,819, as compared with $7,54,254 last year —an increase of $1,89,565, or the large percentage of 24 per cent; which is paralleled by the Northern Pacific gain, as above shown. September for the Great Northern gives 25 per cent increase in earnings, and October and November, when the full tide of wheat returns be gins, will undoubtedly mark heavier per centages. Grain authorities agree that the wheat trop tributary to the Northern Pacific, the Great Northern and the "Soo" In North Dakota and northwestern Minnesota will be fully double that of last year. This means not only large farm earnings and large railway earnings, but corresponding expansion in all trade and industrial lines. Twin city jobbers and) manufacturers will share In the prosperity of the soil tillers and traffic carriers, and labor will prosper "with capital. The Burlington Problem. This certainty of extraordinarily heavy traffic for the northern roads throughout the current fiscal year readily solves the problem of the ability of the Great North ern and the Northern Pacific to shoulder their end of the proposition in regard to the purchase of the Burlington. North western traffic will foe far beyond the anticipations of the directors of the Great Northern and Northern Pacific when on June 30 they consummated the Burlington deal. For that matter, however, Burling ton earnings demonstrate the ability of that road to take care of its own share holders -without calling for aid from its two northern colleagues. The Burlington annual report for the fiscal year ending June 30, shows gross earnings of $50,051, --988 for 1901, as compared with $47,535,420 In 1900, $43,389,425 in 1899 and $42,800,162 in 1898. After paying 6% per cent divi dends last year, there remained a surplus of $1,472,849, which would have made good the 8 per cent guarantee of the northern roads and still left a balance of nearly $300,000. As for the current fiscal year beginnig with July 1, the first two months show gross earnings of $9,460,462, an increase of $1,007,446, or about 12 per cent over the same period last year; and the surplus is $2,260,772, an increase of $655,322, or fully 40 per cent over that of July and August last year. Various Sources of Earning*. Drought In the lowa and Missouri corn belt will reduce the corn traffic in the Burlington territory, but corn is only one item of Burlington traffic. The winter wheat crop of the southwest ia far heavier than a year ago. The coal production of Illinois, lowa, Missouri, Kansas, Colo rado and Wyoming now exceeds 60,000,000 tons per annum, which is 25 per cent of the bituminous coal product of the United States, and the tonnage this year will show marked growth. In contrast with the drought on the southwestern cattle ranges, the northern ranges reached by the Burlington, in Montana, Wyoming and the western sections of South Dakota and Nebraska, exhibit in the government weather reports the heaviest rainfall known in years, something like 50 per cent above normal, so that the Burling ton's live stock tonnage for 1901-2 is pretty certain to be well sustained. The Puget Sound lumber movement^ into the prairie states of the Missouri and Missis sippi valleys via the northern roads and the Burlington is likely to assume large proportions; while the counter export movement of provisions, cotton, iron and steel from the Mississippi valley centers westward to the coast and to the orient bids fair to become a prominent feature of our foreign trade. How little the busi ness total of the central Missouri arid Mississippi valleys is affected by last summer's corn drought Is shown by the October bank clearings, even Omaha, To peka and Denver more than holding their own, while St. Louis, Kansas City and St. Joseph clearings show an Increase in weekly volume ranging from 15 per cent to 60 per cent. Taken, therefore, as a whole, the territory of the northern roads and Burlington for the fiscal year 1901-2 THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. looks forward to a period of high aver age prosperity. Great Future Development. Into this great industrial empire, per haps the most promising field of material activity and development on the globe, la now pouring an immigration volume which parallels that of the most favored boom periods; while in mileage extension and new equipment the three roads are keep ing well abreast of the tide of develop ment. In the past year the Great North ern from its two Minnesota grants has sold to settlers over 250,000 acres of farm land, and the Northern Pacific within the domain of seven states has sold over 2,500,000 acres to actual settlers. To its Eastern Minnesota division during the year the Great Northern has added 65 miles of new track; the several Northern Pacific extensions aggregate 164 miles; while the Burlington operates about 300 miles more of standard gauge road than it did a year ago,—bringing the aggre gate of the three roads up to 19,000 miles of main track, or nearly 10 per cent of the railway total for the United States. Traversing fifteen states which, with a combined population three times that of New England, produce one-third of the mine output, one-half of the meat product, 60 per cent of the grain and 75 per cent of the lumber of the United States, the three roads of this northern system repre sent one of the most promising traffic enterprises that the world has to pre sent. 'Mueller, the university football eleven's right guard, who has been ruled out of the game on acocunt of his accidental par ticipation in a fat man's race for c prize of $5, Is deserving of sympathy. His pro fesisonalism is technical rather than real, but while that relieves him of odium it does no* entltlehim to play. In effect he has violated a plain rule, whether that rule be good or bad. However much hard ship these severe rules may work In some cases, they are the great safeguard of col lege sports and on the whole their effect is salutary. One of the strong points of college athletics is that it is free from the taint of professionalism. The least re cession from a well-defined) stand In this respect might lead to disaster. That Sisterly Feeling Probably for the purpose of manifest ing that sisterly feeling toward Minne apolis which our friends down the river are disposed to make much of on certain occasions, two St. Paul papers have been giving prominence to a palpable perver sion of a statement in the report of Gen eral Gillespie, chief of the United States engineers, concerning navigation of the Mississippi between Minneapolis and St. Paul. General Gillespie is represented by these St. Paul papers as having said that the locks and darns between Minneapolis and St. Paul could never make the river navigable in a practical sense; that at^a low stage of water only small boats could come up the river and at a high stage of water the current would be so swift as to make navigation unsafe for boats of any kind. This was made to appear to be the condition that would obtain even after the locks and dams were built. What General Gillespie said, however, was that "in Its natural condition this channel can only be navigated in low water by very small boats, and at higher stages the cur rent is so swife as to make all navigation difficult." Which is a very different prop osition, for. after making this statement. General Gillespie proceeds to show what the government is doing to change this "natural condition" and make navigation easy and safe at all times of the year. And in evidence of his belief that it can be made easy and safe he has recom mended an increase in the appropriation for the work under way between this city and St. Paul. So it appears that the St. Paul papers have deliberately misrepresented what General Gillespie did say, have under taken to make it appear that Minneapolis can never become the head of naviga tion on the Mississippi river, and they have done all this, doubtless, as an evi dence of good will and extreme sisterly regard. Shippers balked in their efforts to get goods to customers may not see the bright side of the present car famine, but it cer tainly has one. That despite the fact that for several years past the railroads have been buying freight cars by the thousands their equipment is now utterly unequal to the volume of traffic, is a graphic demon stration of the bounding and expanding prosperity of the country. The Buffalo Exposition The Buffalo exposition closes to-day. While this venture appears to have been a losing proposition financially to Buffalo, the probabilities are that the city on the whole has been benefited by the under taking. Buffalo is a rich and prosperous city, and the advertising it has received through this exposition will bear fruit for a long time to come. The indirect benefits of expositions are usually greater than the direct benefits. As for Minnesota, the exposition has been a good thing. The state has more to show probably for the money expended than any other state in the way of ad vertising results at the Buffalo exposi tion. With only $30,000 to work with, the Minnesota commission has won more gold medals and more prizes have been awarded to it than any other state in the union. This is good advertising for Minnesota because it is done chiefly among eastern people and affords an op portunity to show them what the advan tages and resources of Minnesota are. This has been done not only along ma terial lines, but the standards and at tainments which prevail here socially have been Indicated by the splendid edu cational exhibit made in the state build ing. Bvidenoe has been produced there to show that Minnesota Is in the van in this respect and that prospective settlers in older communities need not hesitate to cast their lot In Minnesota for fear that they will suffer for lack of congenial social surroundings and satisfactory edu cational advantages. This is one of the Important facts to be established in in ducing desirable immigration, and it is gratifying to know that so much was made of it in the Minnesota exhibit and that so much attention was attracted at Buffalo by this feature of our state dis play. The decision in the Scatena case should result in a pronounced increase In the amount of veracity harbored by Minneap olis saloon keepers. Thanks to complais ant officials, who never open their eyes or go behind the returns, the city ordi nance relating to saloon licenses has been treated with alight respect. Scatena, charged with false swearing, defended him self on the miserable pretext that per jury consists in the violation of an oath required by law, that an ordinance is not a law and that the violation, therefore, of an oath required by an ordinance is not perjury. False swearing hereafter as to location and ownership of saloons, licenses for which are sought under false pre tenses, will be at the risk of severe pun ishment for perjury. The decision should lead to the strict enforcement of a whole some law. Open White Earth Reservation Now that the policy of the Indian com missioner. Influenced, no doubt, largely by what he saw on his recent visty. to Minnesota in company with the senate Indian affairs committe, is to be more pronounced than ever in favor of break ing uj> reservations, it is timely to point out that the* White Earth reservation should at once be opned to settlement. A description of the reservation, an ac count of the condition of the Indians res ident thereon, a summary of the argu ments in favor of its early opening pre sented by a staff correspondent in another column, make it plain that the best policy for Indians and whites alike is the early opening of this fertile reservation. Now that land is in great demand and thous ands are paying high prices for it all around this grand reservation it is not wise to withhold from settlers the more than 300,000 acres of available lands over and above the liberal allotments that have been made to Indians. Four-fifths of these Indians are of mixed blood, and many of them are progressive, intelligent and successful farmers. It is absurd that they should be considered or treated as wards of the government. Others who are not so self-helpful would be if they were removed from their pres ent status of dependence. All of them, except the aged and sick, would get along as well and jwobably better with the reservation lines removed than at present. As for the whites the opening of the res ervation would mean homes for thousands In a veritable garden spot. Much of what has been said of the White Earth reservation opening might be said of other Minnesota reservations which, Indeed, are subject to opening in the discretion of the secretary of inter ior. But in respect to the Leech Lake group of reservations there is the ques tion of establishing a forest reserve and Its friends will wisely oppose opening those reservations until some final de cision has been reached on that matter by congress. General Bartolomo Maso's platform in his candidacy for president of Cuba seems to toe limited to getting all the votes that are lying around loose. He bids for the Spanish vote, the vote of the autonomists and the support of the negroes. Maso has probably figured it out that if he can com mand the favor of all these elements he can -win. Hence his apepal to them, which is nothing more than a "Jolly" for each. The Chippewa Tomahawk, That Came published at Pillager, Minn., at Buffalo brings to hand aa account tI . .. of the recent game between UJauow the gloux and Cnlpp6wa elevens at Buffalo Wallow that differs ma terially from the story given in the Sioux Scalp Dance in its latest Issue. The Toma hawk says: The eleven buffalo bulls from the Sioux na tion, who came up here this week with the threat that they would pound the face off of the Chippewa braves, met their match in a well-played game Tuesday afternoon. At the call of time, Yellow Ghost went through the Sioux line like a tornado through, the tall timber. The cracking of bones and the grind ing of flesh was heard on every aide. Roar ing Cigarette was seriously scalped in the encounter. To the charge made by the Sioux Scalp Dance that the Chlppewas used their hunting knives freely, the Chippewa organ says: That there might have been a little knifing, we will not deny, but it did not occur until the Wild Hen used his club with a railroad spike in it to go through the Chippewa line for the four yards they got in the first half. The Tomahawk says that the score stood in the first half 11 scalps to 5 favor of the Chippewa. It will be remembered that the Scalp Dance claimed two concussions of the brain for the Sioux eleven in the first half. This the Tomahawk denies. Yelping Cow, Yellow Leg and Boy-Who- Talks-With-His-Face were debarred from the the game on the charge of professionalism, they having taken part in the Custer mas sacre. Eleven children in St. Louis have died of lockjaw caused by horse serum Injected Into them by city doctors who feared that the lit tle ones might have diphtheria. A dozen other children are now suffering from the induced disease and are likely to die. There seems to be some feeling over the matter, strango as it may seem, on the part of the parents. A lady at one of the larger churches in this city placed her pocketbook In the staging book rack. "Do we sing out of that book," whispered the Smart Alick who furnished her a little transient amusement. "You will have to keep on the latch key," she replied. "All right," replied the S. A., "pitch It on dough." Then the choir cut In. A St. Paul hunter in northern Wisconsin, after scoring a pig, a horse and a farmer who wanted $200 for the charge of blrdshot, a part of which he stopped, haß come back and will confine hla efforts to Ramsey and Dakota counties. The Los Angeles Express Imported ten Chicago newsboys of the open faced variety to sell its papers. The town didn't know whether It was a railroad collision or a cane rush that suddenly opened up "after the presses started." Senator Hanna's secretary says that since 1896 500 children have been named after the senator. If this is true there are about 500 Mark Hannas In the country ard Mr. Bryan will Just have to run again. A g<entle Chicago lady says that It Is her life work to erect a mausoleum to the as sassin who was Just sent hence by telegraph. She wants $200,000. How would you like to hold this lady's hand? Dr. J. V. Brower of the State Historical So ciety is looking around Little Palls for pre historic man. What does he want to do with him? Run him for governor? Them wa« a heavy mist in South Africa the other day and Colonel Benson made the mistake of leaving his rear column out In it The Boers did the rest Malvar, noting that Punston had been opened by an army doctor on suspicion of appendicitis, has proclaimed himself It and Is out involuting. Tte president did a little political plumbing in I Delaware but Gas Addieks »Ull show! tnT PSri°n S aßmall le^s^^here behind invars H^r ro(luc««* an automobile for invalids. Here th° automobile, when run by a very wealthy person, produces Invalids. The Thanksgiving games this year will be as glorious as a boiler explosion THE CLASSES. Detroit Free Press. "The inhabitants of a city," remarked the Able Person who learnedly discusses sociologtc and other profound questions, "are divided Into two classes—those who own\their houses and those who pay rent an " "Excuse me," Interrupted the real estate agent, who doesn't know a thing about soolology and doesn't want to, "what about those who would rather move than pay rent?" SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 2, 1901. | Questions Answered j J. M. G.— Which state in the union has the highest percentage of education and which the lowest; also what country in Europe has the highest and the lowest?— Nebraska leads the states with only 3.1 per cent of illiterates; Louisiana is at the foot with 45.8 per cent of her population illiterate. Sweden and Norway and the German empire lead in Europe with 0.11 per cent of illiterates each, but many of the German states have no illiterates. Rou mania has more Illiterates than any other European nation, the percentage being 89. Southerner—How many watering carts are there in the city of Minneapolis? How many miles of street do they water daily, at what cost, and is It paid for by the city or is a special tax placed upon the residents?— There are 188 watering carts; they water 285 miles of streets dally and they are paid for by a special assessment against abutting property, the average rate being 5.24 cents per front foot for paved streets and 3.72 for dirt streets. J. V. W.—What does the city of Minne apolis have to pay In interest on its debts? —About $360,000 a year. S. A. P.—What is the distance from Minne apolis to Chicago?—By the shortest rallroa'd line it is 408 miles. Inquirer—Why is Pennsylvania called the keystone state?— Because it was the seventh state of the original thirteen whether counted from north to south or south to north. Mary L.—What is President Roosevelt's na tionality by descent?—He has Irish, French and Dutch blood in his veins. It has been reported that he asserts that he has not a drop of English blood in him. Subscriber—How was former County Aud itor Metcalf put out of office?— Charges of malfeasance in office were preferred against him and after a formal hearing Governor Lind declared his office vacant. The county com missioners then elected Dave Gorham to fill the unexpired term. M. A. H.—Why is Friday considered, an un lucky day?—On account of religious associa tions with it that date from a period before the introduction of Christianity. A. F.—Are the Turks Mongolians?— Yes. C. R. R. —What became of the notorious "Boss" Tweed of New York?—He died in Jail April 12, 1878. Itasca—What Is the elevation of the surface of Lake Itasca above the sea?—lt Is 1,466 feet. Reader—ls there any public Institution wheTe a deformed child whose parents are without means can receive treatment?— The state of Minnesota spends $5,000 a year for this purpose, the work being under the direc tion of the board of regents of the state uni versity. Dr. Arthur J. Gillette of St. Paul is the surgeon In charge and a detached ward in the St. Paul city hospital Is devoted to the patients, of whom there are usually thirty or forty. SpasassHSHsasasasEsasaaaaaasaßasMasasasasasa I Current Topics The "Criminal Rich." New York Commercial Advertiser. What this community would be startled to see would be a list of the names on "checks made payable to Richard Croker." That would make a combination behind Croker of gam- Hlers, "cadets," thieves, prostitutes and crooks with high respectability that would, to quote Shepard's phras«, "disgrace us In the eyes of the civilized world." • • • We 1 «ig ..^^^V^^^^'^^^^^^^^B^ * $131 WORTH OF POTATOES. shall never get rid of Crokerism till we all get upon his platform, speak the truth and face the truth and bring all our "criminal rich," open and secret, to book for their conduct. Good Advice for Canada. Louisville Courier-Journal. We have every reason to be friendly with Canada. She has a population of good peo ple, allied to us by ties of blood. She is a good customer of the United States. But her public men have developed a policy of making small local interests an impediment to our negotiations with the British empire. It is a mistaken policy, for it keeps up an ir ritation that is more hurtful to the dominion than it is to us. In the matter of the pros pective treaty with reference to the canal, however, it is not likely that Great Britain will neglect her larger Interests in the com merce of the world in order to help a de pendency in a petty boundary dispute. A Deserved Tribute. Kansas City Star. As the Star suggested when it occurred, the details of the disaster to Company C, of the Ninth United States infantry, at Bal angiga, In the island of Samar, showed the greatest heroism on the part of the Ameri can soldiers. Colonel Robe of the Ninth has issued an address to the survivors, In which he praises the courage of the living and dead in terms so warm and earnest that it is evi dent he regards the conduct of the soldiers as an Instance of sublime valor. No more trying circumstances could be imagined than the unarmed soldiers being suddenly over whelmed by a horde orf knifemen, and with their fists fighting to force their way through the steel of the enemy to their arms. A handful of men, most of them wounded, broke through by sheer muscle and, wresting rifles from the bolomen, drove back the enemy and made good their retreat to the nearest United States post, although the natives had secured rifles and ammunition. All honor to the heroic band, living and dead, and may their names be Inscribed upon the roll of fame of the United States army. Republicans Like Jones. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. The republican party must once more pro test against the efforts which are being made to reduce Chairman Jones, of the democratic national committee, to the ranks. Several persons are mentioned as aspirants for his place as head of the committee, all of whom think they can do better for their party In that post than Senator Jones has done. The republicans, on the other hand, have a liking for the senator and would be sorry to lose his services. He has given them a helping hand In two national campaigns, and they are not ashamed to tell their gratitude to him right out. Still Sore on Dryden. Toronto Mail and Empire. It is pointed out by the Hamilton Times that Americans are much taken with our Northwest. These men say that Canadians do not half appreciate that district. Americans contend that there is no other spot in North America where such lands are available on as favorable terms. This is another sly blow at Mr. Dryden, who has passed over the Canadian west to favor Dakota as a ranch ing country, and to give it the Indorsement of the Ontario minister of agriculture. On One Side, the Machine. Philadelphia Times. On the other side we have the conscience of the people and their votes. They have forgotten republicanism, democracy, prohibi tion and other partisan and factional designa tions, and have taken their stand on a plat form whose planks are the ten command ments. They see a disaster approaching and corrupting not only their city and their state, but their homes and the character of rising generations. The political atmosphere is viti ated; the streams of political thought are poisoned, and the terrible. Influences run into every groove and channel of the common life. Against all this they have risen, and any one who is not with them is against them. Western Australia is making heroic ef forts to develop farming Industries, espe cially the growing of grain. In 1899 the cereals harvested in the colony aggre gated less than 1,000,000 bushels. I- In Lighter Veiii In Lighter Vein | A Modern Roundhead. Ex-Governor Lind probably has, at least, a secret sympathy with those persons who, taking advantage of the indignation at yel low journalism that has been so widely Kelt since President McKinley's assassination, are urging the suppression of the cartoonist. The governor, it will be remembered, felt angry enough over one of the St. Paul Diapatch's cartoons to keep the wound raw for nearly a year and then hand the editor a black eye the very moment he had ceased to support the dignity of the office of governor of Min nesota. The Dispatch cartoonist had a way of shaping the governor's head in the like ness of a beehive set on edge that annoyed him more than the animus of cartoons that were often malignant. Many St. Paul peo ple who had never seen the governor came to accept the caricature as a good likeness: One day the governor was walking from the cap itol down town. As he passed a newsboy he stopped and bought a paper. As he was mov ing on and was still within hearing another customer asked the newsboy whether ha knew who it was who had Just bought a paper from him and being answered in the negative told him that it was Governor Lind. "It ain't neither," was the boy's emphatic; reply. "His head Is round." Seth'* "Horn" Off Its Range. Seth Bullock, the old-time sheriff of Helena and Deadwood, Is making a record as a for est supervisor in the Black HIIIb reserve. Timber poaching will not be very popular !u that region after Seth has been In office a while. And after he has scored a few times It would not be surprising if President Roose velt should give him a better office. Seth made quite a hit with Roosevelt when the latter was louring tha Dakotas as a vico presidential candidate a year ago. During that tour Seth remarked to some of the candidate's party that the next president after McKinley would be a western man and that thenceforward the virile men of the aggres sive west would dominate in national politics and direct national policies. Knowing that even then Seth was an ardent champion of Roosevelt as McKlnley'* successor one of the party asked Seth how he could reconcile his statement with hia attachment to Roosevelt, a New Yorker. "Oh, being from New York doesn't count against Teddy," was the old frontiersman' 3 ready answer, "he's just a hoss off its range." And so being a western man, unfortunate enough to reside in the east—and also to be born there —but nevertheless a western man in all essentials, President Roosevelt fulfills the Bullock prophecy and gratifies the proph et's personal inclination. "Papa" Mlehelet. One of the sights on the White Earth res ervation is to see some jolly, fat old squaws approach Simon Mlchelet, the agent, and call him "papa." The agent is the father of the reservation, of course, and even if he be young and youthful and guiltless of beard he is still "papa" to the Indians, albeit they forget their reserve long enough to laugh and snicker as they apply the title. To the whites the young agent is already major. It seems that by common usage and consent the titre of "major" Is applied to all Indian agents, regardless of lack of service, ignor ance of tactics or previous titleless condition. Proof of "Veracity. Perhaps some of The Journal read ears regarded that po tato story on Gover nor Van Sant. told la this column last week as somewhat over drawn. But, luckily for this column's rep utation for veracity, Edith Prebble of Ano ka has come to its support with a photo graph of the load and some additional faota. The potatoes wera raised by A. D. Pe trle on the Howard farm In Anoka. coun ty and brought $l"i. The accompanying re production of the pho tograph shows how baskets and saek3 were utilized to hoH such an enormous quantity of potatoes on one wagon. While this is undoubtedly the potato-load champion. It would be Interesting to know of some of the great money-producing loads of other kinds of crops. In the days of high prices for wheat, there must have been loads thnt brought as much as Mr. Petrte's potatoes. A Creature of Moods. Some people like to feel that their course In life Is Invariably consistent; that they come to all 'their conclusions most Judicially, and are never swayed by environment ani the elation or Irritation of the moment. Others, not quite so fond of themselves, are willing to concede that most men are about as consistent as their moods and as changing in their views and judgments as the weather. A "troll-known advertising man, who Is con vinced that even the great man should not be taken so seriously as he would like, re lates the following story In point: "One aft ernoon I got around very late to see Mr. B , then a partner In a large department store here and In charge of the advertising. I pointed to the house's big advertisement in a daily paper and told him that I would like to have it for my paper, a weekly publication. " 'Why?' he asked. " 'Because I think It will bring you some business,' I answered. " 'Why didn't you come In this morning? 1 he asked next. "Fee-Hag that I had beaten myself out of the 'ad' by not coming earlier, I explained how I had been overwhelmed with work and had called on him at the earliest possible moment. " 'Well,' he replied, 'It's lucky for you that you didn't oome this morning, for then I would nave refused your request; but now I have just had a good luncheon and a good cigar and feel at peace with and well dis posed toward all the world. You may price that ad in your paper.' "Now, that man was unusually frank; but I'll tell you that if you could g«t other men to be as candid, they would tell you that not reason but mood determine* a large share of their acts." Taken. I nan ares. While they were vaccinating and paying Indians at Rice River, White Earth reserva tion, the other day, an Indian minister ap peared and had his name duly inscribed on the roll of the vaccinated. The doctor asked him how many children he bad. "O, five or «ix, I guess," was the answer in all seriousness. Somewhat surprised that a man of so much implied Intelligence and education should not know precisely how many children ha had, the doctor replied: "We don* want guesseej we want the ex act number." The Indian mumbled to himself ani count ed his Angers back and forth tor several minutes. Finally he said: "1 have live children." "You are sure you have five living chllr dren." "No; one died several years ago." At last he agreed that he had four living children and that he mi willing to take his annuity payment on that basis. As the good man certainly had no intention of deceiving. it must be that It had not recently ooourred to him to compute the number of his prog eny, so that the question caught him unpre pared. CONTENTMENT UEAB9 WEALTH Howard Owin 7 in Belfast, Me., The late Colonel George W. Stanley of Au gusta, was the David Harum of Maine. One day Fred Morton, a painter, who still paints, and has plied the brush for half a century— was doing a Job of painting for the colonel. "Fred." said Stanley, "I suppose you think you the having a devil of a hard Urn* of it, and that I am having an easy time." "To tell the truth, colonel, I think I could nave a good time if I had half so much money as you have," answered Morton. "There 1* where you make the mistake," retorted Stanley. "When you go home to-night you will have some supper, won't youT" "Yes, I expect so." "You'll go to bed, sleep soundly and wake up refreshed?" "Yes, I always do that." "Well, sir, you're getting a deuced sight more out of life than I am. Most all kinds 1 of victuals hurt me, and I lie awake half of the night, thinking that somebody is going to cheat me out of my money." The New York banks keep nearly $300, --000,000 loaned out.