Newspaper Page Text
TWO DROWNING BOYS SAVED BY THE GOVERNOR He Plunged Into the Mississippi and Swam With Them to Land—This Was Twenty Years Ago and He Only Recently Learned Their Names. Speclal to Thfi Journal. Red Wing, Ainn., Nov. £.—About twenty years ago, when Govej-nor 6, R. Van Sant was a steamboat captain on the Missls sppi, and at a time when neither he nor the people of this commonwealth had ever dreamed that the captain would ever be the chief exeoutive of Minnesota, he per formed a heroic act by which the lives of two Red Wing boys were saved. The etory of this brave act is now retold in connection with the drowning of Dennis Sewell, the Minneapolis lo*«»r. wbti* nt-l tempting to cave a boy, and the interest ■which the governor •has taken In the fund for the bereaved fam ily. There 1b new in lnterest in the story, furthermore, from the fact that it -wag not until recently that the governor was able to discover the names of the boys for whom he put his own life in peril, the boys never having disclosed to their parent so r friends what had hap pened. The two boys -whom the captain saved were John Leßs and Otto A. Remmler, and they were about 12 years old at the time. The former, who grew up to be a very prom ising young man, and who, by the way, was a brother to the wife of Major Oscar See baoh, the present as sistant adjutant gen eral, died some years ego. The latter, Mr. Remmler, is manager of his father's brew ery in this city, and has been prominently associated with re publican politics for several years. ■. ' ; JOHN LESS, • ■ The story of theone of the boys rescued from drowning by Governor Van Sant in rescue, as told by Mr. his river days. He died in Minneapolis eight years after, when Remmler to The he was but 20 years old. Journal cor re - respondent, 4s as follows: The two boys had been up above the city, on the Wisconsin side of the river, picking wild grapes, which grow plenti fully there. After they had their sacks well filled and were about to return home, they decided a bath would be refreshing. Otto was a good swimmer and ventured out to the middle of the river, while John, who could not swim, remained near shore. When Otto turned about to swim toward land he noticed bis companion struggling £7 k'^BP SP*I I ';;ffV' V• : ? •■■'■'■■ :i ■' ''' l^-LL^L_j± OTTO A. REMMI.ER AND FAMILY. Remmler was rescued by Captain. Van Sant, and still lives in Red Win?. in the water. He had slid from a sand I bar Into deep water and was drowning, i Qtto hastened to his rescue, but as soon as he came within John's reach, the lat ter clutched him in such a manner that Otto was made helpless, and being un able to liberate himself from the drown ing boy both were going down. One of Captain Van Sant's raft boats ■was steaming down the river, and the cap tain, aooompanied by one or two others, ■was coming ahead of the raft in a row AN ARTIST IN STORIED SOMERSET Elisabeth A. Chant Describes and Pictures the Historic Ruins of That Ancient English Shire. 'Mongst the hills of Somerset, Wish't I was a roainin' yet. The lament of the homesick emigrant comes to mind, as 1 wander over the hills he longed to see. Undulating, partly wooded, green hills, divided by fertile val leys, where queer rouiid-headed willows dot the banks of meandering streams. Here and there in the distance straggling cottages cluster around their parish church, whose substantial square tower — characteristic of Somerset—punctuates the view. These villages are old—as old as London—yet have always been Just what they are now. Their churches usually boast some dis tinctive feature, perhaps a Norman font, pew-ends of wonderful Gothic carving quaint old monuments or effigies, old brasses, or a Saxon cross with its intri cate wriggling design. The structure, or fabric, as it is called, frequently shows Norman, early, middle and late Gothic features. . Scattered about the country, are abbey farms, and their large Etone barns, which in times gone by received the tithes due to some extinct monastery, are now used for farm purposes. Their dignified eccle siastical outlines look odd amongst other barnyard properties. Sketching near one of -these - farms | recently, I was surprised when 5 o'clock came, to have a cup of tea sent out to me with accompaniment of bread and butter and) cake. Nothing of the sort had ever happened before In all boat to get supplies in the city and then catch up with the raft farther down, as has 'been the custom on the river. The captain passed the boys without perceiv ing the danger they were in, but looking back he saw they were drowning. He turned his boat toward them, threw off his coat and jumped into the river and swam with them to shore. John's lungs were filled with water and it took hard work to bring him back to life. He was rolled on the sand, his arms were stretched upward and backward and ha ..•-,,, r-ihhpri -.n,i twiß*«Hi ;" n most vieor- ous manner until he seemed none the worse for his experience. Otto, who was more scared than hurt, as the saying goes, did not receive so much attention as John, but thought it was necessary for himself to go through the same performance as his comrade. So he laid himself on the beach and rolled over and turned and twisted, imitating as nearly as possible the contortions which John was put through. When Captain Van«Sant had fully re- suscltated John, the boys ran down the beach toward home, saying as they left that they were "much obliged," which part of the story brings a broad smile to the governor's face when he tells it. One time when the governor was speak ing with Mr. Remmler in this city he made the wish he had so often expressed, namely, to now who the boys were he aaved. "Well, here is one of them," said Mr. Remmler, and that was the first time anybody but the boys knew it. my sketching experience. Perhaps the influence of old time hospitality still lin gers about these venerable places. The towns of Somerset are a curious mixture of ancient and modern. Ambi tious to 'be up with the times, they are gradually widening streets and replacing old buildings with modern ones, less pic ■f to Bhhh Sabbath-School Lesson. FOR NOV. 10, 1901 Lesson 6 —Fourth Quarter. BY JOHN R. WHITNEY. Israel Oppressed in Egypt-Ex. I. 14. Golden Text—God heard their groaning and God remembered his covenant—Ex., ii., 24. There are two Important facts in the history of men which should command from each one a very careful attention. The oae is his spiritual attitude towards God. The other Is his spiritual condition in the world. In the historical narratives of "The Book Genesis" our attention has been turned to the spiritual attitude. In the historical nar ratives of "The Book Exodus," however, our attention will be turned to the spiritual condition before us as one of bondage—the children of Israel are now slaves in Egypt. Spiritually, this is the condition of every sin ner, for our Lord himself said, "Whosoever eominitteth sin is the servant"—or slave—"of sin." (John viii... 34.) Between the death of Joseph and this condi tion In Egypt there was a great gap of many years, exactly how many it is impossible now to determine. It was probably, however, more than four hundred. It was thus as great as that between the discovery of this country by Christopher Columbus and the present time. How vast the changes which could take place in that time are clearly shown in our history. It is interesting, also, to notice that this interval between "The Book Genesis" and "The Book Exo dus" is thus shown to be as great as be tween the last book in the Old Testament and the first in the New, or between the time of the prophet Malachi and the appearance ot . John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth. I When Jacoo, with his sons and grandson*. I came into Egypt in the time of the famine, i they formed a little colony of seventy souls I (v. 5). The full list, including Jacob himself and Joseph, with his two sons, is given in Geu. xlvi., 8-27. When they went out they had grown to "about six hundred thousand ou foot that were men, besides children, and a mixed multitude," which "went up also with them" (xii., 37, 58). If each inau represented an average of five in each family, the whole company must have numbered about three millions. Thus, when the time of the promise drew nigh which God had sworn to Abraham, •the people grew and multiplied in Egypt" (Acas vll., 17), "and the land was filled with them" (v. 7.). The Pharaoh who governed at the time of "the oppression" is generally considered by Egyptologists to have been Ramesep 11. He was one of the most powerful of monarchs, and belonged to a different dynasty from that whioh ruled when Joseph was made prime minister. Very naturally, therefore, he knew not Joseph," and felt under no obligations to him for anything that he had done for the country. To him the« descendants of Israel were only part of a conquered people. But ha found them a separted people, occupying the border territory to the noriheaat, between him and the warlike tribes of southern Pales tine and of Arabia. Probably, also, he very soon learned that they had strong expectations of returning some day to the land of Canaan. He. there fore, took what semeed to him to be prudent measures to prevent both their return and their union with other tribes. Those measures were probably at first net very severe, for he dealt "wisely with them" (v. 10). His purpose was to weaken and dishearten them, rather than to destroy them. But, as they oontlnued to prosper, he gradually burdened them more and more with heavy taxes, and exacting labors, until at last he "made their lives bitter with hard bondago in mortar and In brick, and in all manner of service in the field—all their service wherein they made them serve was with rigor" (v. 14.) The facts connected with this oppression, as revealed by modern research, are clearly set forth by Amelia 'B. Edwards In her In teresting work entitled "Pharaohs, Fellahs and Explorers," published in 1891 She says: "In 1883 the 'Egypt Exploration Fund began its labors In the delta, the first explorer sent out by the .society being the eminent Egyptologist, M. Naville of Geneva. M. Naville selected as the scene of his first excavation a celebrated mound in the Wady Tumllat, a mound which Lepsius had con jecturably identified forty years before with Rameses, one of the twin 'treasure cities' built by the forced labor of the Hebrew col onists in the time of the great oppression. Here he found the cite of a temple,. some ruins of a city and a series of most curious subterranean structures entirely unlike any architectural remains ever discovered in Egypt or elsewhere. Bith temple and city proved to have been founded by Ramases 11., the names and titles of that Pharaoh being the earliest recorded in the inscriptions dis covered in Egypt or elsewhere. "The temple was dedicated to Turn, the god of the setting sun, Turn being the patron deity of the town and the surrounding dis trict. Its secular name proved to be 'Thu kut,' or 'Sukut.' and Its sacred name 'Pa tum.' Now, 'Pu-tum' means the house or abode of Turn, 'Pa 1 being the Egyptian word for house or abode. The Hebrews changed 'Pa' into 'Pi' and 'Turn' into 'Thorn,' and when dealing with 'Pa-turn' they made it 'Pi-thorn.' Accordingly It is of this very store-fort, 'Pa-turn,' that we read, 'And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Rameses.' The place, however, was not Rameses, as conjectured by Lepsius, but it was Pithom. By its secular name, 'Sukut,' it is also identified with Succoth, and when it is remembered that the departing Hebrews turesque but more convenient. Yet in many streets, you may see a building of two or three centuries ago, whose roof describes lovely bumpy curves, wedged in between two smart-looking structures with plate glass windows. Somerset has a few features of un usual historic interest. It formed part of the ancient British kingdom that offered the last resistance to Saxon invasion Camelot, the "dim rich city" of King Arthur's time, capital of his domain was in Somerset. Alfred, greatest of Saxon kings, sought a hiding place here, and Gla&tonbury, once known as the Isle of Avalon, for ecclesistical interest has no rival in Great Britain. The town, with its ruined abbey. Is rich in associations, but its crowning inter est is that there the first Christian church in Great Britain was founded. Joseph of Arimathea with eleven dis ciples landed on the coast of Somerset Ul x> ?' ,63' was kindljr received by the British king, Arviragus, and given twelve hides of land on the Isle of Avalon where they erected a small chapel of wattles and mud. In after years this edifice was held in such veneration that its proportions were carefully inscribed in a brass tablet, and when it could no longer be preserved, the succeeding chapel was built over and around it ere it was taken down. An imprint from the brass THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUKNAB. Monster Fish Caught by a Woman. This sea-bass or Jew flsh was caught this season by Mrs. J. H. Barrett of Los Angeles at Avalon, Cal., la the Catallno Islands. It weighed 416 pounds, and Is the largest fish ever brought to gaff with rod and reel by an angler unaided. The photograph was taken by Robert E. Ford of Tliroop Folytechn 1 o Institute, Pasaden a , and son of Luther Ford of Minneapolis. Mrs. Ford and her lit tle daughter Dorothy appear In the fere ground of the group, near the fish. journeyed from Rameses to Succoth' on their way to Etham and Pthahlroth, n at once becomes evident that we have not only found one of the 'treasure cities' built by their hands, but we have identified the district in which that great mixed multitude first halted to rest by the way. The place was afterwards known under the name of Her opolis. • "The subterranean store-chambers, maga zine*, magazines, granaries, or whatever it may please us to call them, before referred to, are solidly built, square chambers of va rious sizes, divided by massive partition walls about ten feet in thickness, without any communication, evidently destined to be filled and emptied from the top by means of trap doors and ladders. The bricks are large and are made of Nile mud, pressed in a wooden mould and dried in the sun. Also, they are bedded in mortar, which is not com mon, the ordinary method being to bed them with mud. "Now it is a very curious and interesting fact that the Pithom bricks are of three qualities. In the lower courses of these massive cellar walls, they are mixed with chopped straw; higher up, when the straw may bo supposed to have run short, the clay is found to be mixed with reeds, the same kind of reeds which grow to this day in the bed of the old Pharaonic canal, and which are translated 'stubble" in the Bible. Final ly, when the last reeds were used up, the bricks of the uppermost courses consist of mere Nile mud, with no binding substance whatever. "So here we have the whole pathetic Bible narrative surviving in the solid evidence to the present time. We go down to the bot tom of one of these cellars, and we see the good bricks for which straw was provided. Some few feet higher, we s*^ those for which the wretched Hebrews hau to seek reeds or stubble. We hear them cry aloud: 'Can we make bricks without straw?" "lastly, we see the bricks which they had to make, and dil make, without straw, while their hands were bleeding and their hearts were breaking. Shakspere, in one of his most familiar passages, tells us of 'sermons in atones'; but here we have a sermon in bricks; and not only a sermon, but a practi cal, historical commentary of the highest im portance and interest." "When the children of Israel first entered the land of Egypt they were heartily welcomed and given "the bpst of the land" for their dwelling place (xlvX, 6). But now they were in this condition of bondage. So far as out ward, physical things were concerned, how ever, they were perfectly satisfied. They had grown so insensibly into this condition —in fact, most of them were born in it, and never had known anything else—that they did not feel tt to be a burden. And Egypt offered them all that could be desired for merely human purposes. Even when they were deliv ered from its bondage they longed to return to enjoy tys freedom from anxiety and its abundant food (xvi., 3; Num. xi., 5, 6). So rich and powerful was Egypt at this time that she was 'the mistress of the world. Weak nations looked to it for help; scholars sought it for its learning, and the profligate for its pleasures. But, although the people of Egypt were so prospered—although they had been so wonderfully dealt with by God and blessed—although they had his Deode in their midst to remind .them 1 of him—yet it is written of.their king that he "knew not Jo seph.." And. not knowing him, he felt under no obligutioiis to his God. So his people also cast off God, and had no respect for his laws or for his servants. Dwelling In the midst of such a nation., even the children of Israel, In a great meas ure, forgot Jo»»ph and' his God. They them selves became isolators. To this the prophet referred when the word of the Lord came to him, saying: "In the day that I lifted up mine hand unto them to bring them forth of the land of Egypt, then said I unto them. Cast ye away every man the abominations or his eyes, and defile not yourselves with the Idols of Egypt; lam the Lord your God. But they rebelled against me and would not hearken unto me; they did not cast away the abominations of their eyes, neither did they forsake the Idols of Egypt." (Eaek. xx., 6-7.) This is a true picture of the natural man. Living In the world, surrounded by lta riohea, power and pleasures, he is stisfled with Its physical advantages. He bows down to its god. He delights in the good things of earth, as the Israelites satisfied themselves with the "leeks" and '"onions" and the "fle-sh pots" of Egpyt, and does not know that he is In bondage. Yet the children of Israel w^^e just as much in slavery before they were "made to serve with rigor" as they were afterwards. So the school boy, attracted by the birds, and flowers, and butterflies about him, wanders out of his way and is lost. But he is just as much lost when he Is seek ing his pleasure as he is when tho dark ness of night overtakes him and he is afraid. He is simply Ignorant of his condition. So It is with the sinner. Moreover, whilst the children of Israel had thus no just sense of the condition which de graded and weakened them, they gained noth ing by all their labors. Their services did not enrich them, and when they ended in death, the only heritage they could leave their children was the same condition of Ignorance and slavery. So It is with the impenitent sinner. He aannot save himself. God, however, in his Infinite mercy, seeks to save him. But even he cannot do it until sin, like the bondage in Egypt, Is felt to be a burden. When the children of Israel felt this, then "they oried, and their cry <*ame tip unto God" (It., 23). Then, as we shall see hereafter, their deliver and the way of deliverance were revealed unto them. Bryn Mawr, Pa. tablet, in existince as late as the seven teenth century, is the authority for our illustration. The present ruined chapel of St. Joseph now covers the site of that early one of wattles and mud. This is the best-pre served of the abbey ruins, and is in the richest style of Norman architecture. East of it are the remains of the magnifi cent abbey church, green grass its floor, the blue sky overhead. The splendid pro portions of the central archeu can be seen in the broken one yet standing. After St. Joseph's death the Christian religion declined, but was revived A. D. 166 by missionaries sent from Rome, who found and restored the chapel. From this time the place grew in importance until early in the fifth century St. Patrick be- came its first abbot. His tomb was dis covered in 1823 through an ancient docu ment found in some old library. King Arthur was brought there for sepulture after that last battle in the west, the site of his grave was unknown till the twelfth century, when a Welsh bard, reciting be fore Henry 11., described the spot. The> king instituted a search and it was found as had been said, "the bones of an ex ceeding bignesse," with sword cuts in the skull, and by him his queen, Guinevere, her long, yellow tresses yet perfect. Their relics were translated into a grand tomb before the high altar, of which all trace has vanished, except a bit of sculpture found in the crypt, and said to have been a portion of one of the carved lions that supported the corners of it. St. Dunstan was one of the notable abbots of Glastonbury. He is the patron saint of workers in metal. In one corner of the great church you can put your head in an alcove and hear a dull intermittent roar—St. Dunstan at his forge, accord ing to local superstition. I heard it plainly. Up to the dissolution of the monasteries the abbey exercised a powerful influence. Its reputation for sanctity anl learning was so great that dignitaries of otlwr lands made costly gifts to it. Royalty often visited it, but now sheep feed in the ruined chancel and the past with its ro mance and glory seems a many-colored dream. I had afternoon tea in the abbey ground. Sitting where I could see the sunlight play on the ancient stones. My visit had been timed for the full of the moon, to see it by moonlight, also, and I was greatly disappointed to hear that visitors were not admitted alter 6 o'clock. Neverthe less, I was in there that night between 10 and 12. How, I may not tell, but the ecene was indescribibly lovely. The mel SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 2, 1901. The New Northeast Pumping Station Views of the Big Improvement in Its Present Stage of Constructor!. '■-'■■"' I .' -. ■ ■ ■ - .: ■ ■ ■.■■-- . . _ _ . . The accompanying views of the new northeast pumping station site show the situation there from the front and rear. They also represent the present stage of construction of the new station. It Is a tremendous task, accompanied by many difficulties, and It is not probable that it will be completed under another twelve months. The work is being done by day labor under the supervison of City Engin eer Sublette. The stone coffer dam adjoining the river Is twelve feet wide and 150 feet long, and was built last winter, while the river was frozen. When the river retaining wall is built the coffer dam will be removed. The operations this summer have been con flnedi almost wholly up to this time to making the necessary excavations for the water basins, driving the piles to carry the foundation floor and laying the con crete floor. The next step will be,to build the basin walls after -which, work on the S-»B>ni"f KM jM HvH^m v wa E^WL^ Taxi ancholy charm that moonlight adds to such a place makes one almost see visions. One feels the pressure of past centuries — the influence of a vanished people, cessible by rail, —is Cadbury Camp, a hill fortress of very ancient origin, that is be lieved to have been the site of Arthur's Camelot. Driving there with a party, recently, I was filled with admiration for its wonderful defensive earthworks, made unknown centuries ago. Nothing remains of the marvelous city built by Merlin, ex cept the crumbling walls girdling it In several places, and the deep trenches. A LOOKING BAST pump house will be taken up. This will be located on the shelf where the basin stones lie, about twenty-eight feet above the floor of the basins. These basins axe a new departure in pump house construction in Minneapolis, and the effect will be, it .Is said, to im prove greatly the character of the water through the elimination of foreign sub stances—silt, and particles of bark, saw dust, etc. —some thousands of yards of which are now pumped into the reservoir each year. There will be four of these basins, two 61 by 20 feet deep. The water will enter them at the bottom through four en trances in the river wall, each eight feet square, located from six to twenty feet below the surface .of the river, according to the stage of the water. From the ba sins the water will be pumped into the reservoir main. Before entering the ba sins, however, the water will pass through three soreens of different sizes, which will eliminate most of the sawdust, bark and other foreign matter in the water that now finds Its way into the reservoir. The LOOKING "WEST solitary cottage on the ridge overlooks the plain where tourneys were once held. A battered old woman with a very black eye: result, she told us, of falling out of In the loveliest part of Somerset, —inac- an apple tree—made tea for us, and from her cottage we followed a path to the mystic well, where on New Year's eve the shades of Arthur and his knights come to drink. Near there, signs of fierce battles have been found, and an occasional ancient weapon or silver horseshoe is dug up, but the city of the dragon-sculptured gate PHOTO BY TOM DEACON. effect of the basins will be to improv* still further the water by subsidence. The pumps will be located In the base ment of the pump house on the shelf above. The boilers will be In separate building. The depth of the excavation shown in both views, almost forty feet, will give some idea of the magnitude of the task that the city engineer has undertaken. To get a solid foundation it was neces sary to drive about 1,200 piles a distance of fourteen feet into the hard clay un derlying the surface soil. These piles are all fastened together with big tiir\ - 6 and the whole overlaid with concrete a foot thick. The basin and basement walls wiil be of dressed Bandstone blocks. The cost of the pumphouse complete will be prob ably more than $150,000. While the water will be taken at the start from the river opposite the station, it is planned even tually to extend an Intake pipe as far up the river as the changed conditions re quire. Dr. Cprbett, city bacteriologist, testifies to the present high character of the water at that point. has "vanished Into the eggerwint, leaving not a wrack behind." —Elisabeth A. Chant. Yevril, England, Sept. 20, 1901. OVERAWED. Philadelphia Press. Mrs. Nurich—l don't know whatever I'm goin' to do with that father o' yours. Mr. Nurich—What's up now? Mrs. Nurich —He Insists on smokln' la the parlor, an' he won't mind me. Mr. Nurich—-Just tell the butler to speak to him. He's scared o' him.