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THE JOURNAL LUCIAN SWIFT, i J. S. McLAIN, MANAGER. KDITOB. SVBSCRIPTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printline Co. Delivered by Mail. One copy, one month $0.85 One copy, three months 1-00 One copy, six months 2-00 One copy, one year *-00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50 Delivered by carrier One copy, one week 8 cents One copy, one month 35 centi Single copy 2 centa T H B J O V R N A L, is publUhed every evening, except .Sunday, at 47-49 Fourth Street South, Journal Building:, Minneapolis, Minn. [ C. J. Billson, Manager Foreign Adyer tising Department. , — \«- >; • - NEW YORK OFFICE—« 6, 87, $3 Tribune building. CHICAGO OFFICE—3O7, 308 Stock Ex change building. ■. CUAAGES OF ADDRESS Subscribers ordering addresses of their papers changed must always give their former as well as present -address. ~ ; CONTINUED ' All papers are continued until an ex plicit order is received for discontinuance^ and until all arrearages are paid. COMPLAINTS Subscriber* will please notify the office In every 'case -where their pa pers are not Delivered Promptly, «r v+hen the collections are not promptly . made. The Journal is on sale at the news stands of the following hotels: Flttsburg, Pa.— Quesne. Salt Lake City, Utah—The Knutsford. Omaha, Paxton Hotel. Los Angeles, Cal.—Hotel Van Nuys. penver, —Brown's Palace Hotel. St. Louis. Mo.—Planters' Hotel, Southern Hotel. . ■ ■ Kansas City, Mo.—Coates House. Boston, . Mass —Young's Hotel, United States, Touraine. ■ Cleveland, Ohio—Hollenden House, Weddell House. ....... Cincinnati, Ohio—Grand Hotel. ■ Detroit, Mioh.—Russell House, Cadillac. Washington, I>. Arlington Hotel, Ra leigh. Chicago, 111.—Auditorium Annex, Great Northern.' • . ■- - New York Imperial, Holland, Murray Hill. Waldorf. Spokane, Wash. — Spokane Hotel. . Tacoma, Wash.— Hotel. Seattle, \, ash.—Butler Hotel. .: Portland, Oregon—Portland Hotel, Perkins Hotel. . CIRCULATION OF THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL Average for 'RIEt-RA October vJIvJ^JU Nov. 1 51,905 Nov. 2 53,002 Nov. 4 52,052 Nov. 5 51,214 Nov. 6 51,484 Nov. 7 51,220 The above is a true and correct statement Cf the circulation of The Minneapolis Journal for dates mentioned. KINGSLEY T. BOARDMAN, Manager Circulation. Sworn and subscribed to before me this Bth day or November, 1901. C. A. TULLER, Notary Public, Hennepln County. Beef Supply and Deteriorating Ranges Fuller information is needed for a positive discussion of the question of the live stock supply raised by the National Live Stock association. A large number of factors enter into the question. But i from a bulletin on the field work of the division of agrostology of the agricul tural department, previously referred to in these columns, it appears that a prodi gal waste of natural resources is largely responsible for present conditions. The magnificent natural ranges of the west have greatly deteriorated through over pasturage. The cattlemen, like the lum- j bermen, have recklessly wasted the | wealth nature gave them, and the coun- j try is now paying the penalty. As these great open ranges are public lands the whole nation has suffered through the! folly of the grazers. For many years the stockmen of the west have been aware of the deteriora tion of the ranges and have tried to as certain what steps might be taken to re- Btore them. That the proper government authorities are already aware of the gravity of the situation and are prepar ing themselves to act if called upon to do so, (and;the dispatches say the live stock association is talking of asking the government to take up and settle the whole question in its own way.), is fully proved by the following excerpt from the bulletin referred to: The various evils arising from overstock ing and denuding extensive areas of timber aud grazing lands b.'ur such a direct relation to the general welfare of the whole west that it i» incumbent upon the general govern ment to make a thorough investigation of all the questions involved and if possible devise some means of remedying the present conditions. The lelation of the grazing in dustry to forest reserves, to the water supply, to erosion and tile various other matters to which it more or less directly relates can not be solved except by long and careful investigation of the actual facts and condi tions prevailing. There are vast regions in the arid west that probably never will be utilized, after making all possible allowance for the extension of agriculture through the aid of irrigation, for anything but stock raising. That those regions are not capa ble of maintaining so many cattle now as formerly and that their capacity is de creasing is a very serious matter, not only for the stockmen, but for the con- Burner, who is threatened with an ex cessively high price for his meat. The decline of the cattle industry in the grazing states is a serious menace to their prosperity. Of course this is an ill wind for some that will blow good lo others. A decline in the number of range cattle nn .^s at first larger prices for the cattle raised by the farmers of the middle west. Upon the extent to which cattle from the farms are making up the decline in the number of range cattle depends the question of the size of the supply of beef in the fu ture and the price the consumer must pay. This matter also has a direct bear ing on the export trade of the country to which cattle on the hoof, fresh beef and various by-products of the packing industry contribute about $100,000,000 an nually. If the supply is so reduced that prices at home become very high, the volume of exports may be expected to de crease. But this again raises a question which calls for fuller information con oernlng the tendency to make up from the farm what is lost on the range. When a treasurer of an order appro priates $37,000 of the order's money for his own uses, as did Charles D. Thomp son of the Knights of Maccabees, there is something wrong in the method as well as the man. It appears that Mr. Thompson had no difficulty whatever in taking the money. It is no vindication of the system that his malversation was discovered later. Private persons and business corporations may, if they choose, so conduct their affairs that one man, along with great temptations has un restricted opportunities to embezzle funds, but fiduciary organizations such as the Maccabees ought to have a sys tem of checks that will make it impos sible for any one man to handle large amounts of money without the full knowledge and careful inspection of other officials. It is difficult to tell whether the Shang hai correspondent is at home or in Cen tral America. The Canal and the Treaty It is reported from Washington that the Walker commission will report in a few days favorably to the Xicaraguan route, and, if so. there is little doubt that the senate's old preference for that route will assertl itself. Nicaragua, in anticipation of the ac tualization of this preference, has de nounced the treaty of 1867 which gave the United States right of transit across Nicaragua with stipulations as to the neutrality and protection of the canal, and giving our government right to trans port troops and munitions of war, provid ed they were not used against a Central American state. The Nlcaraguan govern ment did this in order to clear the way for a new treaty based upon the changed situation, but if the terms of the new treaty are as outlined, it is possible that Nicaragua will not be ready to transfer its sovereignty over the strip of her ter ritory to the United States, as the gen tlemen who insist upon an American canal on American territory demand. Nicaragua, by the terms of her con stitution, cannot alienate her public lands except by treaty, or by act of her congress. Actual ownership of the ter ritory is, of course, not essential. Nica ragua is willing to concede police and magisterial power over the strip to the United States. It is true that her anxiety to have the canal may even lead her to part with sovereignty over the strip. Nicaragua's earnestness in this ma.tter is suggested by the fact ■ that she has de nounced all her treaties with European governments relating to the construction and operation of an isthmian canab Nic aragua has been led to believe that there is no doubt about the action of congress in her favor. The Panama canal people are trying hard to sell their incohoate ditch to our government and if they get down low enough in nri-ce, say $35,000,000, it would be desirable for our government to con sider it, for it can be finished for $100,000, --000, while the Nicaragua canal would cost not less than $200,000,000. The transcontinental railway interests have long been actively opposing any ca nal across Central America or the Isth mus of Panama, as they think such a wa terway would impair their traffic, but public sentiment favoring a canal is too strong to permit these interests to tri umph. The transcontinental roads will soon have another transcontinental road to comuete with them, for the Tehuante pec railway, now under construction by the Mexican government across the Tehuan tepec Isthmus, is approaching completion and will be ready for business in two years. The Mexican government is spend ing $50,000,000 on this road, which will be first-class in every respect. It runs from Coatzacoalos, on the eulf, to Salina Cruz harbor on the Pacific. A glance at the map will show the importance of this railway to American trade, as both time and distance are saved in reaching the Pacific coast, the only drawback being the I necessity to shift freight from steamer I to rail, and rail to steamer at the ter i mini on the west and east coast, but with i modern loading and unloading devices, comparatively little time wil be lost in transfers. This road will divert much i light freight business and passenger traffic from any canal w,hich may be con structed south of it, leaving heavy freight to take the longer route. If the "weak" Minneapolis-Chicago lines cut rates in retaliation for a reduc tion of running time by the "strong" lines, we shall all be pleased. The man with money to burn will be content and also the man with time to ,kill. j Rectitude That Leans Backward It is reported that the athletic board of the University of Wisconsin has decided not to protest Mueller, Dobie and other members of the Minnesota eleven. It is hoped tbat the report is true. In ad hering to the definition of the petty de tails of what constitutes professionalism there is now danger that the advisory boards will lose sight of the main purpose of the "Bis: Nine" rules against profes sionalism. They were intended to keep professionals out of college sports, not to keep unquestioned amateurs out of games. Is Mueller, of Minnesota, less an ama teur because on the impulse of the mo ment he entered a fat men's race at a La Orosse picnic and happened to win the prize, a paltry $5? Will anybody dare to hold that such a farcical contest converted Mueller into a professional? And what has a summer time fat men's race for the amusement of a crowd of picnickers got to do with col ! lege football, anyway? To go a little farther, suppose Schrei ber, of Wisconsin, did play in a baseball | game for a cash prize during vacation. i Does that single act really convert him I into a professional? That is a more serious offense, to be sure, than entering a fat men's race, but will anyone in his i senses concede that a single game of that : kind mSkea a man a professional? It j is well known that most country baseball j teams, members of which are not and I never consider themselves professional : baseball players, generally play for money ! prizes. With the exceDtion, perhaps, of Wil ■ liams, of lowa, The Journal does not i believe that any one of the players there I is so much talk of protesting or that have 1 been protested is besmirched by profes- J Bionallsm. The rules of the "Big Nine" conference were made in the interests of pure sport. In serving that purpose it may be aecesary, to work individual in justice for the sake of the cause, but each case of alleged professionalism should be decided on iu> merits, or else, as Coach Stagg, of Chicago, suggests, a sweeping rule should be adopted forbidding col lege athletes to enter any non-college gjimes at any time. It is ludicrous, this spectacle of grave college professors and brainy advisory boards splitting hairs over the question of whether a man should be allowed to play in a fotball game because he won a fat men's race last summer. Such petti ness will injure college athletics quite as much as real professionalism. Pending a revision of the rules or a decision to in terpret them with understanding, it would be well for all the "big nine" colleges to withold protests for all except flagrant and actual violation of the rules. If this is not done, the protest is likely to become a means of maliciously weakening a dangerous rival instead of promoting purity in college sports. President Roosevelt is said to have overruled Senator Hanmi in the matter of Delaware politics and to have turned down "Gas Addlcks." It Is to be hoped that the report is true. "Gas Addicks" has been a disgrace to the republican party and the state of Delaware long enough, and lie is that kind of a politician bo thoroughly unßooseveltlan that no doubt the presi dent took a great deal of satisfaction and pleasure in finding a good man for the office of collector of the port of Wilming ton who did not belong to the Addicks crowd. It was reported from Paris to-day that the sultan has yielded to the entire de mands of the French government. Uncle Sam's hint seems ito have been adopted with entire success by the French. Any other gentleman having a bill against the sultan and prepared to present it on the point of a bayonet will find collections easy. The Gaul Grips Turkey Admiral Caillard, by landing his ma rines on the island of Mitylene and tak ing charge of the custom-house, has so pinched the sultan in a tender spot that the batcher of Yildiz Kiosk has com menced to yield many promises of com pliance with the will of France, which has, by reason of the consent of the Eu ropean powers included in the "concert of Europe," become the will of Europe. France will apparently get satisfaction for all her claims and additional advantages also, looking to privileges of French citi zens. It is noticeable that a report comes from St. Petersburg to the effect that France and Russia, who seem, for the present at least, to be manipulating Tur key, have agreed to execute reforms in Armenia and in European Turkey, and have called a meeting of the "concert" to confer on the subject. It would be very desirable if France and Russia would really attempt to do that which the Ber lin congress, composed of the gTeat powers of Europe, has failed signally to dp. The will of Europe as to reforms in Turkey has (been ignored and trampled upon by the Turk. The individual will of Great Britain, expressed in the secret treaty Lord Beaconsfield effected between Turkey and Britain, has been likewise ig nored and despised, and not a finger has been lifted to enforce reforms in Armenia, Asia Minor or in European Turkey. The sultan has slaughtered some 300,000 Christians in Armenia for his personal amusement, and the word "reform" as ap plied to Turkey has come to have a humorous meaning. It is interesting, however, to note that France never would have stirred a war ship from its moorings to hover along the coast of Mysia and land troops on the classic shores of the ancient Lesbos, un less the other members of the "concert of Europe" had been sounded and given their consent. These powers know that it is a very ticklish business for a single power to undertake to bullyrag the sultan, for there is no telling what the conse quences may be upon the interior of Eu ropean Turkey, where, south of the Bal kans, the fires of rebellion are always smoldering and ready to be fanned into active flames at any fancied disaster or headwind affecting the Sultan. It may be that they are going to try and enforce the will of Europe expressed in the Berlin treaty, and concurrently stave off war. This is hardly possible unless the nature of the individual powers has been radical ly changed. "Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots?" The enforcement of the Berlin treaty means the deathknell of the Ottoman empire. It does not seem possible that 20 per cent of the soldiers enlisted for the Span ish-American war, four-fifths of whom never got out of the country or anywhere near active campaigning, should be en titled to pensions. Yet, though it is only three years since the war was over, that percentage of the men have filed appli cations for pensions. Seven years after the close of the civil war only 6 per cent of the soldiers that fought in it had ap plied for pensions. On its face this con trast would indicate that there has been a pronounced decline in patriotism and the honorable feeling against taking a pension unless it is absolutely necessary, or else that service in the Spanish-Amer ican war had been much more severe than in the "sixties." It cannot be that one in every five of the soldiers who en listed for the late war is entitled to a pension. Commissioner of Pensions Evans offers a charitable explanation, which, for the sake of the young soldiers, we hope is valid—that is, that pension agents are now far more active and nu merous than formerly. Prepare for a late spring. The Pio neer Press, which has a reputation as the worst weather hoodoo in existence, speak ing, in a forecast, of Feb. 7, says: "Win ter has passed and we are home again in time to enjoy our own sweet spring time." Oh, yes. dear esteemed, in plenty of time. Don't worry about being too late for spring on Feb. 7. Any frolicing spring that may have slipped by unobserved be fore that time will be found frozen stiff and can be thawed out later on. The council will tackle to-night the problem of a municipal lighting plant. The question is strictly a business propo sition. If it can be made to appear that Minneapolis can manufacture light cheaper than the private companies are willing to furniah light of the same qual ity and quantity, there is no reason why the city should not undertake It. But un til that is pretty definitely determined, the council will not be Justified in in curring the expense. Experience on this point is by no means uniform. It la FHE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL I,^ to be hoped that the matter will receive very careful consideration and be dis posed of solely from the standpoint of sound business principles. The private lighting companies may be expected to "charge all the traffic ■will bear" as long aa they can so that their claim to con sideration rests entirely upon their dis position to bring their charges down to a fair and reasonable basis. ; The Nonpareil Man • : -War Im (rude. .;';■', .■,■■:• j "Why. should the poets of ■ these pregnant times" ,■ .-..- ; (For lines like this sea -Ella Wheeler's crimes) ',•.'.. :, ...-■-, •.:■ ■, Uphold and eulogize the trade that thrive* f On horrid holocausts of humanlives? t , Perchance you think to football I refer; Nay, nay, Pauline, permit me to demur. ; The subject tha,. we now have well in hand ' Is bloody war. it surely beats the band A 1 , ! That man his brother man should break-in two . , ■.. , .*,;. '.".., .*..■• i ':; 'i. On patriotic grounds, or gallop through' '..,'_ His serried ranks and on him jump, ,v! Thus raising on his form tbe horrid. bump !- Of war. When Ella voices a pacific plea \ It makes a strong and'forceful hit with me. For there are better ways in this great age. So vaunted by the poet and the sage. ... ; Of smiting, hip and thigh our' brother' man; ' Yes,' there are shrewder ways by which we can -'■! ' i ' > ■'■ ' Obtain his wealth and make him for us work. O, why should France break loose and smite the Turk • When by a neat and proper "business" deal All Europe v.ould resound with Abdul's squeal. ..: **■ ' .1,. These ancient ways of war are crude indeed The way to do our brother man is greed.' • Little, Side lunes. T, j't- Mr. Croker's disaproiutment may result in his retirement to Wantage and vintage. .v : Mrs. Wu is said to hay» made: a great hit with her scng. "I'll leave my happy home for Wu." ; The physicians who attended President Mc- Klnley at Buffalo want over $100,000 for their services. That is at the rate of over $12,000 a day. My goodness! What would they have charged if he had recovered? . . . , „:_ As there has been some controversy in tJie. east as to what constitutes intoxication, a Kentucky expert declares a man is there in Kentucky when, lying on . the road, he feels up in the air for the ground and- tries to grab a root to prevent himself from falling off the earth. This certainly has tho sound of the genuine Kentucky razsle full of sub jective fireworks and manslaughter. Do you want your daughter to marry a Ken . But we are getting off of the subject. ■ ,• —— . .. • A gentleman named Radlinski has just pub lished at Warsaw 196 pages on "Apokryfy ludaißtycEno-Chriescijanskie," if the title page can be believed. Several Poles are said to have had their teeth jarred out bj going against, it. . : . y . ... Possibly Croker might be signed as "Uncle Tom" to John L. Sullivan's "Little Eva." : Webster Davis' new book Is said to be 16 Davis to 1 Boer. i 5 .. King Edward's tobacco allowance has been cut down and the queen Is said to have re marked "I haven't seen Edward so touchy since we spent Sunday at the Duke of Fife's." ;' - ' .•'..• ■ :',".:■ Li ' ' If November magazines may be believed, the late president has been shot. ..■._., ;. We regret to report that Mr. Bryan has bought a %ll'> heifer. The' $28 cow is good enough for the plain people. ; ■ ;>■ _ ■. ; In the Tall Grass.. Mr. Haugdahl, the state creamery Inspector, fooling around in Brown county, found a child's shoe in a can of milk. He suggests to the farmers that their strainers, while keeping the child *<i(Ut, should also be fine enough not to "lm tbe shoes through. Since the county .seat of Lincoln county was removed from Laker Benton to Ivanhoe, the latter town is. "putting, 9a dog" and there is talk of striking the United -States for a post office. Editor Brooks of Renvllle was on the police force Halloween night, but just the same William Jones' blacksmith shop was found on top of the Methodist church. The president's awful example has borne fruit. A blacksmith and a white girl were married in Willmar last week. The Albert Lea Standard gives evidence Slat that town has them, too. It saya: "It is the deliberate judgment of most of the busi ness men and intelligent people of Albert Lea that the majority and ruling element in the city council is woefully incompetent and per verse." And the Standard doesn't care if they do stop their papers. The St. Peter Tribune gets down its old kings arm and remarks signtflcantly: "TKo law says that chickens running at large can be shot as wild game and us°d for home consumption on the premises where killed." The Wlndoni Dramatic company, organized a short time age. will give the first of its plays at the Temple Friday evening, Nov. 15. The play is entitled, "The Noble Outcast," In which Lord Cecil Montmorency, after a bitter and adventurous life, finds the family plate and jewels hidden under the hearth, pays his debts, foils the villain, marries Lndy Betty Cecil and all is well again. He Works Both Ways, This matter of Ernest Seton-Thompson changing his name to Ernest Thompson Seton, without the hyphen, has aroused a great deal more discussion than the Incident, is really worth. The fact Is briefly that Mr. Seton'a real name is Cameron. This was the name of his great grandfather, who married Ann Seton in Scotland >ay back In the early 1700s. The name of Thompson was a pseu donym adopted by his family to avoid identity when they hid from the English government after having taken part on behalf cf Charles Edward Stuart, the young pretender, in the Jacobite rebellion of 1745 In Scotland. His great grandmother, Ann Seton, who was the last of the Seton family, was permitted %y royal charter to transmit the name of Seton to her male issue, and from that time until the surname of Thompson was assumed it re mained the family name. His grandfather was Ann Seton's only child, and his father always intended to resume the name of Seton, but did not do so during his lifetime. Thu3 the Cameron family became Setons by royal right; changed it to Thompson for prudential reasons and now become Setons again, the present author keeping the middle nami of Thompson as a bit of historic* baggage. The charge was made In this opiums the other day that Mr. Seton could not now tell whether he was a-corring or a-going. But this was made under a misconception. Mr. ! Seton has full control of himself. If things i ever begin to go against the family as they I did in 1745 Mr. Setun can throw over his nomenclfctural lever, clang the bell once or twice, reverse himself and gracefully show up oa Uie pike as Mr. Thompson again amid a roar of applause from the grandstand. It is a sort, of Jekyl-Hyde performance with Hyde just as good a fellow as Jekyl. We always had a great liking for Mr. Seton-Thompson's animal stories, but it must be confessed tbat Mr. Thompson Setons animal stories are fully as popular with us. Lik:; the Dutchman who got his baggy trousers on backwards and was prepared either to retreat or to charge, on order, Mr. Seton is bound to get somewhere with the greatest of ease. —A. J. Russell. It Will Be a Hummer. Austin Transcript. The greatest newspaper of the new century in Minnesota will be the edition of the Min neapolis Journal to be edited and issued ex clußively by the country editors of the state. The brainy thought molders who furnish the idea for the country newspapers will cer tainly give an issue that will be rich, rare and racy. The special number will be issued during the annual meeting of the state asso ciation and it will be a hummer. Donlitfnl. - ' Detroit Free Press.". ...,, Mr. i Plait- continues to ' call . ai^th*' White House to ascertain '. If th«re'» going to be any . core. ' ■ _ : ' •> ' AMUSEMENTS Blanche Walnh at the Metropolitan in "Janice Meredith." There were two classes of persons In the audience at the Metropolitan last night—those who had read "Janice Meredith," the novel by Paul Leicester Ford, on which the play was based, and those who had not. Obvi ously, the viewpoints "of these two olasses must have been wide apart. Those who had read the novel noted in spite of themselves, every departure from the course of the original story, and unconsciously compared every character with the Ideal of that char acter already formed. The gaps in the story, too, they readily supplied, as for instance the deeding over of Greenwood and Boxely In the last act, which must have been rather unintelligible to one not familiar with the novel. Naturally, the success of the play to those who had read the story depended in a large measure on how well the realization of the tale and its characters on the stage satisfied their precoreeptions. On the other hand, the person who went to the theater without having read the book was in a posi tion to Judge the play strictly ,on its merits as a play and to accept the characters as they were drawn by the players, uninfluenced by any mental portraits -already- drawn. Doubtless, a dramatic production should be judged as such without reference to the sources from which it Is drawn and this forms one of the reasons 'why the dramatiza tion of popular novels now so much In vogue is a practice to be deplored. The astute man ager looking tor a play is glad to secure one In which popular interest is already assured, by the popularity of its cognate novel. Tha fact that the limitations of the playwright make It impossible to follow the novelist at all closely usually results In a dramatization that is a falure. The successful dramatizations of novels may almost be counted on the fingers of one hand. But the advertising that a literary success gives to such a theatrical- venture is so great that there is not infrequently much profit in the experiment, in spite of the dramatic failure. The public likes to see heroes and heroines of fiction on the stage, and the manager, recking not of questions of art, is content. Viewed strictly as a play and nothing more, "Janice Meredith" must seem rather dis- connected, fervidly melodramatic and quite without a convincing colonial atmosphere. Yet its situations are not without intensity and unexpectedness and its characters not without human interest. This is said with that hesitation which springs from a knowl edge of the book. Taking the other view point, the most noteworthy fact is the com plete change in the character of Janice her self, which has been thought necessary by the adapter. Instead of the timid, dutiful maid whom Mr. Ford depicts, the girl who with unconscious coquetry wins the love of every man who comes in contact with her and who, not knowing her own heart, promises at various times through mistaken notions of duty to wed several of them, a very dif ferent Janice is shown on the stage—a co quette, it is true, but one who knows her own mind well and who enjoys to the utmost wielding the power that beauty endows her with. And there is never any question of her love for Colonel Brereton from first to last. This is a character which Blanche Walsh is well fitted to realize—the Janice of the novel would be quite beyond her. After the first shock is over and the poise and confi dence of self-knowledge which she evinces have shattered the ideal one has formed of the character, it is seen that Miss Walsh ha 3 worked out a consistent, attractive and well-considered conception. Where Mr. Ford's Janice yields with feminine weakness to what circumstances force upon her. Miss Walsh's Janice conquers fate and wins her love by woman's wit. One is more human and more probable, but the other is more dramatic — the heroine one would wish to meet with in romantic drama. It is a satisfaction, too, to see Miss Walsh in such a role, in which her talent for comedy has full play, instead of in the hectic roles of the Sardou drama in which last season she was beguiled into ranting and unpleasing ways. The character of Brereton suffers in the process of compression from novel to play. This is in fact true of about all the char acters, and Inevitably so. Robert Lowe sat isfies the eye with his picture of the hero and one supplies the r-est unconsciously. Mason Mitchell gives a most amusing characteriza- tion of Philemon, the country yokel who would wed Janice, but his comedy in the early acts must make the metamorphoslls Into the hero of the la3t act seem rather violent to those who now meet Philemon for the first time. The villain role of Lord Clowes, well played by R. Paton Gibba, is a rather weak one, his wiles having suffered plausibility by translation to the stage.. Robert Harold, in. spite of the fact that he does not possess the physique of the choleric Squire Meredith, oontrives to set loose a pretty temper now and again. Emmet Shackelford, an old friend, does a good bit as the Hessian colonel, and Denham Maley's Squire Hennion is an ex cellent picture of that bucolic trimmer. Ray mond Whittaker hits of Lieutenant Mobray in good style and Forrest Flood makes the most of scant opportunities to do Joe Bagby Justice. One of the most satisfactory char acterizations in the production is that of Tabltha Drinker by Miss Roee Braham, who realizes one's ideal of that romantic and girlish chit most admirably. The Mrs. Mere dith of Harriet Sterling Jg quite unsatisfac tory, owing no doubt to the Inherent weak ness of the role itself. Fanny Marinoff wins ready laughter by her slight sketch of Sukey, the black servant. The production was elaborately and taste fully staged and won evident favor with the audience. —w. B. Chamberlain. Foyer Chat. A charming comedy performance will be seen at the Metropolitan Sunday evening, when Reeves Smith and Margaret Robinson] surrounded by an excel lent company of art ists, will open an engagement of four nights and matinee presenting Robert Ganthony's farilcal comedy, "A Brace of Partridges." The coming of "King Dodo" to the Metro politan the last half of next week ia an event of more than ordinary importance. "King Dodo" is the second contribution to the comic opera stage of Frank Pixley and Oustave Luders, whose "Burgomaster" is familiar to local theater-goers. In their latest creation these young authors are said to have shown vast improvement. There are eighty people in the caet and a. special orchestra of twenty. Plays that treat of rural life seem to find much favor with local theater-goers, and this fact Is being thoroughly demonstrated at the Bijou the current week by the flattering pat ronage accorded Miss Rose Melville and her clever 'assisting company in the entertaining play, "Sis Hopkins." Robert Mantel! will inaugurate his engage ment at the Bijou comenciug with a matinee Sunday afternoon. Mr. Mantell will be seen | in a repertory of Shakeperean and classlo ; plays, and it is promised that each production j will be staged and costumed on an elaborate scale. A Son of the West. Grand Forks Herald. The widow of the late Senator Davis of Minnesota had an undoubted right to remove the body of her deceased husband from its resting place in the St. Paul cemetery to the national capital. But the f*ct that she has chosen to ejetrcis© thus right is a matter of regret to the entire west. Senator Davis was peculiarly a product of the west, a*d was Minnesota's greatest son, and it was fitting that his body should lie in the state in which ht> had grown to such eminence, and to which his genius was so great an honor. Advantage* of Poverty. Aberdeen (S. D.) News. The payment of $185,000 to his former wife is a matter of small concern to Freddy Qeb hard, who was divorced at Sioux Falls a few daye ago. He has an Income of $80,000 a year, and the fact that he has lived so long, with nothing to do but to spend his money, shows that he is not altogether bad and that he might have amounted to something If he had been born poor. The Military Figure. New York World. The "military figure" Is now criticised In London. One very shocking military figure is 800,000,000—the number of dollars spent in try- Ing to rob the Boer» of freedom. Ohio Prosperity. ;- . Chicago X«ws. , ... i/.'iH Ohio pplUldana evidently talked so. muoh about the "prosperity of the state that they at traoted.. tb« • attention; of the able ba.n ii rob ber*. FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 8, 1901.N ilirtjSfct »; Wright's ■<•-. IW'-nyßFh^ ©riser m ■KSKhB*- I* 4 - *>, SGDIETY pi Pi II !T¥ JJ P BTWALTERATICE* «?^T Copyright, ISOI. by W. A. Tlce. Major Wrigbt had always been considered an odd old chap. He Invariably did those things which were not expected and left un done those things for which bis friends felt they had a right to look. Even on the Stock Exchange, where he had amassed a fortune, he speculated on lines directly opposed to current reports. When he found that Bertram, his only son, had Incurred during his senior year at college an unconscionable amount of debts, instead of adopting the customary parental tactics, he promptly paid the bills and doubled the young fellow's allowance. "Let the boy have his fun," ha declared. "This is his last year In college. Why, I sowed a few oats myself at that age, and look at me now!" But, when a few years later Bertram mar ried Edith Byrne, a favorite on the light opera stage, family friends held their breath and waited for th» deluge of fatherly wrath. Surely Major Wright, who traced his geneal ogy to the Mayflower, would never overlook this! Aristocratic blood, family prUle, and parental affection all would rebel against the mesalliance. But again did the major's pro verbial contrariness assert Itself. He received the bride with open arms. Not so the social set in which the "Wrights had always moved. Conservative in the ex treme, with old-fashioned suspicion of stage life and stage people still lurking in their minds, they declined politely but firmly to receive young Mrs. Wright, in spite of the fact that the major's wife, now gone to her long rest, had been their leader in h«r day, and the old Wright mansion a favorite rally ing ground before Bertram was born. The new Mrs. Wright had once played boy rolea and worn— Here the speaker's voice would be dis creetly lowered, and a feeling of general despair over Bertram's prospects would settle upon the gossips. As for the major, he seemed to grow young again in the invigorating society of his new found daughter, who was a charming girl and felt a genuine affection for the dear old chap, who had bo easily forgiven her for winning his son's love. To make the two men happy became her object in life. Their wishes were first in the household, and the major became her devoted slavq, to the ex tent that the slightest lack of attention on the part of the husband was promptly re sented and atoned for my some delicate little courtesy on the part of tho father-in-law. "Egad, sir," he would say to his old cronies at the club, "you don't know my daughterl She's the dearest little woman in the city, sir!" And the men who met her agreed with Major Wright cordially and openly. The women, however, continued to raise their lorgnettes and their shoulders when she passed by and carefully refrained from leav ing cards. The major, for the time, was so happy tßat he did not notice the social ostracism to which the house of Wright waa being sub jected, and the younger members of the family were too thoughtful to bring the con dition to his attention. When he Anally woke up to a realization of the situation, he was quickly transformed Into a mimic vol cano—that is. Internally. Outwardly he dis dained to discuss the matter with any one, least of all with the two people essential to his happiness. Instead of talking he wrote out a handsome check and sent Mr. and Mrs. Bertram Wright abroad for the summer. He felt sure some solution of the problem would present itself during their absence. But, alas,'the day of their homecoaaing ar rived, and the doughty major realised that he was no nearer storming the social citadel than when the young couple had sailed for IJurope. In the society columns of the daily papers he had read that Mrs. Edmund A. Gilder waa to give the first Important social | Daily New York Letter Astor's Marine Turbine. Nov. B.—Colonel John Jacob Astor, -who has attracted attention in the world of literature and science on several occasions by original and clerer work, has invented a design for a marine turbine wheel wMeh experts say haa great merit. It is a practical and simple application of the turbine principle to steam ships, and marine engineers are much inter ested In it. The Astor turbine is distin guished broadly from the best-known exist ing forms by the fact that it has no station ary parts other than the journals and founda tion frames which carry it, the casing of the turbine revolving as well as the shaft,' but in an opposite direction. Mark Twain's Medical Practice. Mark Twain entertained the Fellow Citizen ship Association of the East Side house set tlement last night by reading one or his sto ries to its members. The association Is an organization which aims to bring into a com mdb bond of fellowship persons of all classes. The moral of the tale he read was that noth ing is impossible if you only go about it in the right way. It was inevitable, of course, that Mark should depart now and again from his text and make what are theatrically known ac "asides." Part of his story dwelt upon the «ft.caey of watermelons in cases of dysentery, and led the humorist, etill adhering to the moral of the piece he was reading, to describe how al most incurable ailments might be overcome by elmple remedies, if you can only find them out. Running his hand through his own buehy crop of silvery hair, he said: "Some years ego my hair began to fall out. I knew at the time a man of about 70 years Who had a very thick mop of hair. I asked him what the secret was, and he told me to just plow my scalp with a h?.rd brush. Well, I tried his advice, and I have not lost a single hair in eleven years." Then Mark Twain vent on to give away gratuitously c. remedy for heartburn ■which consisted only in lying on the left side. One more cure Mark gave to his audience free of charge. Watermelon, he asserted, would al ways drive away dysentery- If one slice did not take effect, then take a second and third. Xo matter how serious, the case was, three slices, he insisted, would cure It* "And yet," he added, "although water melons are co efficacious in dysentery. In the civil war signs were hung up threatening with punishment any one who carried -watermelons into a camp where this disease prevailed. If watermelons had been brought into those camps thousands of men who died from dys entery would have been 9aved." A Big Deal On. Although It is understood that no definite conclusion was reached at the recent confer ence in this city between th» Colorado Fuel and Iron and United States Steel interests, the deal for the purchase of the former by the latter is pending, with every probability favoring its consummation. It Is said Mr. Morgan, feared that if the company were taken over at this time a considerable pro portion of the United States Steel shares to be given in exchange for the Colorado Fuel S/tock would come upon the market inxm«>di ately and he would have to bake them, which would be equivalent to paying a goodly part of the price in cash. He decided to wait, therefore, until a more opportune time, when the market would absorb the new steel stock readily. It is said also that Mr. Morgan wish es the Colorado Fuel company to acquire some ore lands adjacent to its property. E. S. Stolces' Will. A petition for the probate of the ten-year old will of Edward S. Stokes, purporting to have been Tertfled by his cousin, William E. D. Stokes, waa presented to Probate Clerk Wa»hbura to-d«y. Th« -will liad been filed the day before without a petition for probate. "When Uhe petition wa« presented to-day It did not state whether or not the testator had left a widow or children. Mr. Washburn said the petition wa» defective *nd declined to re ceive it. Unless citations are lnu«d for the probate of this will, It is not n*oessary far Ro»e I* Barclay, who «ay« she Is the widow, to take aotion. The will gives half of the ineom« far life to the testator's sister, Mrs, Mary Jans MoNutt, In whose house he died, and the other Jmlf of the , Inoema to the testator's brother, #orae« Stakes. W. E. O, Stokes, function of the ensuing season, a dancing party. The Gilder ballroom was the pride of the social world in which the Wrights had moved. The elegance of the entertainment, the excluslveness of the Invitation list and the beaiuty of the youngest daughter, who wa3 to make her debut on tbte great occasion, all furnished material for newspaper gossip. And, Major Wright sat in his library fingering an oblong, creamy envelop directed to "Major Winslow A. Wright." Only one Invitation, and Bertram and Bertram's sweet wife would be home that day! He toased the invitation on his desk «an 4 walked down to his office, a storm of wratii eeething In hie -warm, loving heart.- Before he settled down to business a messenger, ap peared 'and" handed ' him' a' note,' with. "In Haste— Immediately," -wrlttea *croaa one corner. . . • ■ Major Wright tore It open and read it 4ur riedly, then again carefully,:and a tuird time, more deliberately than before. . Tae«« word* met his eyes: ■ ; ' My. Dear Wright: For dod'a- sake let ma have some C. N\ and R.! I'm short about 500 shares, and if I don't get them I'm 4 ruined man. I 'will pay any price. Make your own terms. Yours, —Edmund A. 013 der. Major Wright told the messenger to wait five minutes In the main office, then, locking himself In, he thought hard and fast. For a long time there had been rumors on the street that the firm of Glider & Son had lost heavily la the collapse of a Belgium syn dicate, birt the Invitations for the ball had dono much to quiet suspicion. Perhaps no one besides Major Wright knew Just how deeply the. firm was Involved.- And now what did this note mean? Gilder had evidently con tracted to deliver 500 shares of C. N. & R. ■when, tho flurry, over this stock was on, and he 1 ad found on arriving at the exchange that a corner was being formed. He had gone from broker to broker, offering any price to cave his credit, and then he had remembered Wright, who had "C. K. & R. etock to burn" —yes, that was the very expression Gilder probably used. But It was not the thought of this which caused Major Wright to chuckla delightedly as he wrote the following note: Dear Gilder: I am sorry to hear of your difficulty. As for myself, I've kept out of the market for a week. These flurries are bad for men who have reached our age. Yes, I have some C. N. and R. stock, ami I've had a good many offers for it, yours not being the first by any means. Still, aa you are an old family friend, I will gladly oblige you. I am just going down to the dock to meet my son and daughter, who are returning from abroad, and the stock which. you mention is not kept here, but in my safe at home. You say that you really must have this stock. Very well. Then if your wife and daughters will call at my home thia afternoon they will receive from the handa of Mrs. Bertram Wright a package done up In white paper. The contents there of will be unknown to my daughter, and it is my wish that she should never learn the truth. If you need any further assistance in tiding over the situation, do not hesitate to call on yours truly, —Winslow A. Wright. That afternoon the Gilder brougham drew up before Major Wright's home, and a few moments later Mrs. Bertram Wright, greatly surprised, but perfectly self-possessed, was receiving from three handsomely gowned wo men a well-bred welcome on her return to America. The very next morning the postmaa left two oblong, creamy envelopes. One was addressed to the major, the other to Mr. and I Mrs. Bertram Wright. And if the pretty bride ever found the Invi tation first received by the major, or guessed at the contents of the package she delivered to Mrs. Edmund A. Gil&«r oa the occasion of that memorable call, she was too "wise a wo man to whisper it ever to her doting father in-law, for it required only the appearance of Mrs. Bertram Wright at the Gilder ball to establish her social standing and to Justify Major Wright's corner in C. N. & R.—and society. who is made sole executor and truetee, Is to have the residue If tie brother and sister re main without issue. Stokes said In the will that he was not married —that is, ten years ago. E. W. Foote, an intimate friend of Stokes, said to-day: "I am an a position to cay that a later will is in existence. I shall not say who has it or what its provisions are, but it is quite different from the one that W. E. D. Stoke* has had filed." Mr. Foote, who is a real estate broker, eaid that the other will was executed quite recently. Horse Show Curtain Rainier. Automobiles and carriages were lined up before the Garden theater yesterday aa though a matinee .was on, but it was only Frank Clark, the superintendent of the Coney Island Jockey Club, giving his annual mono logue in the theater, and it netted $30,000 for the National Horse Show Association. In other words, it was the yearly advance sale of toxes for the horsf -show, which begins on Not. 13, at which Clark, who is the super intendent of the tanbark ring as well as of the race course, always ects as auctioneer. The sale is always regarded as a sort of cur tain raiser that inflioat&a the degree of suc cess the show proper will attain. By this test the show will be a hummer, for the total falls short only of the banner year, 1592, when the total was $52,000. It was Just short of $5,000 more than last year, when the amount realized was $24,600. Thomas W. Lnwson of Boston, who ha« hsd more luck with Glorious Bonnie and his heavy harness horses than with trotters, bought the first arena box offered. No. 27. for $635. There was active competition for the box Lawson. bought, a number of women making bid* until the $550 m-ark had been passed. Tba same ecne was repeats when the second box was being sold, Xo. 37. which went to J. H. Moore of Chicago for K3S. W. H. Moore, a. relative, bought the adjoinin« box for IfOO. The high price was reached on the third box, Xo. 38, which was. knocked down to George J. Bascome for $6.">0. I^ater on C. K. G. Billings paid $6GO for No. 29. After that th« boxes sold off quickly until the end. Mayor liOw'» Renponnlbtlltten. The new mayor will be at tb<=> head of a government employing. an army of -lo.vOO offi cials of various degrees, from heada of de partments down to common day laborers. The direct patronage of the mayor, that Is, tb« officials whom he himself appoints, is very large; in fact, no other executive in the United States, with the exception of the presk dent, has so extensive an appointing power. By the terms of the new charter, the mayor will aleo have the power of removal through out his term and need not assign. any causa for decapitating one of his subordinates. Al though his power over the board of estimate, which makes all the appropriations for the city government, will be much less than that of the present mayor, the new head of the city will have a much increasPd authority over his heada of departments, and if they do not work his will, he can remove them at on. This will fix the responsibility for any evlla directly on the mayor himself. a>nd If there is bo reform of conditions in the police de partment, the people will know the reason why Many of the salaries paid city officials are higher than those of leading officers of tho federal government. Even cabinet officer, are paid lees than the city, chßmberlaln aud the corporation counsel, both of whom ara appointed by the mayor. There will be twen ty-nine places to be filled by the new mayor whose aggregate salaries are $I*o.ooo. or aa average of over $fi,uOo a year each. Not a. Reciprocity Quitter. New York World. President McKinley stated this truth la .plgrammatlo form In saying: "The period of exelusiveness is past. Reciprocity trestles are In harmony with the spirit of the times; measures of retaliation are not." And he declared that "we must not repose In fancied security that we can forever sell everything and buy little or nothing. 1 In taking the oath ef office Mr. Roosevelt said that It should be his aim to "continue absolutely and without variance the policy of Presldsnt Mc- Kinley." As Theodore Roosevelt has never been either a "Quitter" or a mouthpiece, It does not seem likely that he will permit the monopoly a««nts in the senate to dictat* his messaf*.