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THE JOURNAL LUCIAN SWIFT, | J. S. McLAIN, MANAGER. EDITOR. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printing Co. Delivered by Mail. One copy, one mouth |0.35 One copy, three months 1.00 One copy, six months 2.00 One copy, one year 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. I.C>O Delivered by carrier One copy, one week 8 cents One copy, one month 35 cents Single copy 2 cents THE JOURNAL is published every evening, except Sunday, nt 47-49 Fourth Street South, Journal Uu-UliiiK, Minneapolis, Minn. C. J. Billson, Manager Foreign Adver tising Department. NEW YORK OFFICE— 87, 88 Tribune building. CHICAGO OFFICE—3O7, 308 Stock Ex change building. WASHINGTON OFFICE— Post build ing, w. W. Jermane. CHANGES OF ADDUESS Subscribers ordering addresses of their papers changed must always give their former as well as present address. COXTI.MED All papers are continued until an ex plicit order Is received for discontinuance, and until all arrearages are paid. COMPLAINTS Subscribers will please notify the office in every cane -where their pa pers are not Delivered Promptly, or when the collections . are not promptly made. CIRCULATION OF THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL Average for X f X X A October vJSv^vJ^ Nov. 1 51,905 Nov. 2 53,0©2 Nov. 4 52,052 Nov. 5 51,214 Nov. 6 51,484 Nov. 7 51,220 Nov. S 51,242 Nov. 9 52,887 The above is a true and correct statement of the circulation of The .Yiiuneapolis Journal for dates mentioned. KINOSLEY T. BOAKDMAX. Manager Circulation. Sworn and subscribed to before me this llth day of November, 1901. C. A. TULLER, Notary Public, Hennepin County. Coming to a Focls The isthmian canal commission met yes terday in Washington to complete their report, and it will probably be turned in to the president this week. It has been reported .that the commis sion will make a flat recommendation in favor of the Nicaragua route to the ex clusion of the consideration of any other, but this is a hasty conclusion, for the commission will be obliged to report to the president the state of the negotiations ■which President Walker of the commis sion has been carrying on with M. Hutin, president of the Panama Canal company, for the purpose of getting a bottom price for the work accomplished by the French company. The latter cannot, under its franchise received from the government of Colombia, transfer its rights to any other government without forfeiture of the franchise, but our government can have the .transfer made by special treaty with Colombia sanctioning the transfer uud allowing the Panama company to sell U* equity In the canal, which, since the gala days of De Lesseps, when champagne flowed like water and the isthmus was the scene of sybaritic luxury and waste ful expenditure in every direction, has absorbed more .than $300,000,000, more than half of which went into the pockets of as mean, a set of thieves as ever drew breath. The work accomplished by the Panama company covers about two-fifths of the route and not an estimate of cost of com pletion has been made under $100,000,000 by any competent authority. It is gratifying to know that this report of the commission will be exhaustive as to routes and expenditures. The commis sion has done very thorough work, and, if no decisive action is taken by con gress on the subject during the approach ing session, the public will fix .the re sponsibility upon that body for such de lay, which Is injurious to the public In terests and inexcusable. It will take tea years to construct the Nicaragua canal, and, within that time, a live and pushing company could com plete the Panama canal, while Mexico's Tehuantepec transcontinental railway ■will be completed in two years, offering large advantages to American shippers in the Pacific coast trade. If we are going to have an American canal, the work cannot be undertaken too soon. Such a canal has been talked of ever since the days of Cortez, who reported to the Em peror Charles V. that "immense utility would result from it." Cortez preferred the Tehuantepec route, where the Mexican government is now constructing a rail way, and which was surveyed as early as 1744. After three hundred years of talk and upon the dawn of .the twentieth cen tury, there should be no more Fabianism, but all the mechanical resources available In this era of mechanical triumph, should be utilized to actualize the canal, even If It is necessary to adopt the Nicaragua route with its ' extreme length, enormous engineering works and numerous essen tial locks and $200,000,000 construction bill. The understanding is that the crooks have got .to keep straight. They are said to have been imposing upon our genial and affable mayor. It was a mean trick. The question of the relative desirability of American and British locomotives is still raging. The latest contribution to the discussion comes from India. The as sistant locomotive superintendent '. of the Bengal Central railway, concedes that American locomotives are as good in a general way as the British," but the Americans score \. when It . comes to first cost and time of delivery. The Americans guarantee delivery within seventy-five O fT «. a, cost at 53.0Q0 or $4,000 less than the British locomotives a? compared with a year required for the delivery of the latter. A correspondent points out that no men tion was made of the Wabasha-Zumbrota narrow gauge line in a paragraph in these columa the other day which assumed that the Reno-Preston line was the last of the narrow gauges In the state. The nils take was due to a Preston dispatch which stated that that line was the last of its kind to the sta'o, and also to a mistaken impression of the writer that the work of broadening- the Zumbrota line had already been done. This impression was based on the agitation of the question from time to time, which has so far, it ap pears, been without positive results. Not Theory but Business The northwest is. or should be, keenly interested in the Interview representa tives of the chamber of commerce of Bos ton and other interested cities are to have to-day with President Roosevelt, in the interests of reciprocal trade with Canada. We do not understand that Minneapolis is represented at this interview, but it should have been. The question of reciprocity with Canada means as much to this city if not more than any other politico-com mercial cuestion of the day. It is a cuestion on which Minneapolis business interests ought at all times to be alert. The limits of the good country nat urally tributary to Minneapolis and the international boundary line are not co incident. One of the finest agricultural and grazing regions in the world lies north of the boundary line and west of Winnipeg. The development of that region has hitherto been slow, but years of work by Canadian immigration agents are beginning to bear fruit in American immigrants. They are the kind the uew country needs. With an influx, of Amer icans it will develop rapidly and become a great producing and consuming region. We do not want an imaginary line to stand between us and the trade of that vast and fertile country. The future of Minneapolis as a great commercial center depends in no small degree upon facility of business access to the Canadian west. Politically a yart of anothtr nation than our own, it is naturally a part of the region commercially tributary to this city. To be shut out of this trade by a po litical boundary is as if Chicago trade should be bounded on the west by a north ami south line through the middle of lowa. Not that the whole trade of the Canadian west is as yet even a modicum of the American trade that such a barrier would cut off from Chicago, but its potentialities arc- enormous. As an abstract proposition, as a national policy, reciprocity may not especially ap peal to the business interests cf Minne apolis, but specifically applied to Canada reciprocity becomes a concrete business proposition, a matter of dollars and cents, a Question of larger trade for the city, a question of the city's growth and the grandeur oi Its future. The industrial commisison has been try ing- to find out what is tiie matter with. eastern farmers. The principal trouble with them seems to be that they are not up-to-date. The west has outgrown the idea that anybody is good enough to be a farmer and that any way is good enough to run a farm. "Historian" Maclay Mr. E. S. Maclay, the alleged historian, who, in his "History of the United States Navy," pronounced Admiral Schley a cow ard and a traitor and otherwise basely abused him, announces now that, if the court of inquiry exonerates Schley, he will "at once cot out that portion of the third volume which is detrimental to him." If Maclay does that, he will not remove from himself the turpitude of recording base and unfounded accusations as historic fact in his history. If he would make full confession of his contemptible and dis honorable conduct, he would reveal the fact that he recorded the views of a jeal ous and disgruntled naval clique to please them and gain favor and position at their hands. He stands self-convicted as the recorder of unfounded rumors and the spite of a group of naval officers, while calling himself a historian. He does not comprehend the elementary duties of a historian. What is history? We get the word from the Greeks, whose "istoria" conveyed the idea to'them of a record of things seen by one's self; a setting forth of knowledge obtained by inquiry from the best sources. The historian, therefore, must have the faculty of testing before he trusts information. He is expected to sift and winnow the grains of information, which come to him. Polybius says that when the Greeks wrote of Rome they erred and lied, and whesn the Romans wrote of themselves they lied and boasted. Maclay seems to have done as both Greeks and Romans did. The Mlnnesotaus displayed the beet form they have ever done before.—St. Paul Globe. The Globe knew what it was talking about when it urged that more attention be paid to grammar in the public schools. "Imaginary Freight" We are informed toy the Tribune that "the essential weakness of the (ore rate) case against the railroads is that it haa been made upon what might be called im aginary facts." That is Chairman Mills' contention, and it is the contention of the railroads. But what puzzles the average observer is why should the railroads spend so much time and money and effort, in troduce so much testimony, employ bo much distinguished, legal ability and make such a desperate fight to resist the ap plication of the commission's order to im aginary freight? If there is no state traffic, and can be none, as the railroads and) Mr. Mills contend, how are the rail roads interested in an order applying to state traffic? The reasonable view seems to be that the railroads are very much afraid they may not be able to establish in the courts the fact that, as common carriers, lying entirely within the boundaries of this state, and carrying traffic from one point to another in the state, this traffic is al together interstate traffic and that they are, therefore, entirely exempt from state regulations. At any rate, we prefer to stand with Attorney General Douglas and with a majority of the commission and have that matter determined in the courts. It may not be possible for the state to assert its authority over these roads. They may be able to defy the commission and persist in their policy of grinding the life out of private owners of mining property while holding a franchise from toe state pro tecting them in that pleasant occupation. and they may be able to knock down the prices of all other mining property, in cluding that of the state, to their own figure, but let us not concede to them that power without exhausting every resource and every means of defense against this unjust and greedy policy. Numerous complimentary comments have bocn mado on the Yale bicenten nial address of President Cyrus North rop of the University of Minnesota. The most important of these, perhaps, is the opinion of the Outlook: "There was a general expression of opinion that from the oratorical point of view the strongest single address of the commemoration wan that by President Cyrus Northrop of the University of Minnesota." Dr. Northrop is a prophet who enjoys honor at home, and it is pleasing to Minnesota people to know that he measures up abroad as well as at home. County Surveyor Cooley is authority for the paradoxical statement that the worst country roads in Hennepin county are Within the city limits of Minneapolis. This is a fact which any one can observe for himself. There seems to be a sys tematic neglect of those streets or roads through the suburbs which connect with main traveled country roads. Canadians Not Rushino to Enlist According to the English Review of Reviews the British colonies are become disgusted with the incompetency of the British government and the inability of British eenerals to bring to a close the war in South Africa. It says that the mutterings of scorn are tolerably audible in New Zealand and it wonders what the men of Strathcona"s horse, for instance, "own brothers to the Rough Riders whom Roosevelt led to Cuba," will think and say of the "imbecility of the fumbling old empire." One has only to glance at the Canadian papers to find out what Strathcona's horse as well as the rest of the Canadian con tingent to South Africa think about this imbecility. There is now a movement on foot to send more Canadian mounted men to South Africa, and it is not meet ing w rith a hearty response, not because Canada is losing faith in the empire, but because Canadians have had a stomach ful of British military methods. Says the Toronto Star: From one end of Canada to the othPr are returned soldiers who say that the British officers scorn to adapt their operations to the conditions confronting them; that they fight not only the Boers, but the geography, topography and climate; that they follow a. military system which will not stoop to con quer. * * • The simple truth Is that. Canadians have not learned to admire that British army which lias been more scientific than effective in South Africa, and no wholesale and gen erous co-operation between the democratic people of the colonies and those of the mother country can be had in war times until the British army is shorn of its frills and re made into a force which shall have no purpose for existing save to fight when it must and to win when it fights). The Star declares that there is no tell ing how many opportunities for victory were lost in South Africa because sol diers were engaged In handling officers' traps, and adds that no one knows what I an army of soldiers have been diverted j from fighting the Boers to serving their officers. It thinks that the British offi cers use more soldiers for personal serv ants that the Boers have fighting men in the field. Lord Kitchener's famous order prohibiting flying columns from carrying kitchen ranges and pianos shows how de- I voted British officers are to personal I comforts and how loth they are to part ! with them in the field. Under such pleas ant conditions as course dinners and soft j beds the officers may not care very much i how long the war lasts, but the Cana | dians are not Drofessional soldiers; they fight for patriotism and devotion to the empire; they want to finish the job as I soon as possible and go back to their homes. It is far from discreditable to them that having learned what war in South Africa is they are not specially eager to return to it. Even the police department concedes that there is too much wide-open-ness in Minneapolis. What more could be said? The Nonpareil Man Where Samson Inspired Admiration. When grandfather died Charlie and Eddie, aged 6 and S, were consoled by the statement that they would see him again on the resur rection morn. After they had gone to bed they were heard discussing the matter. "Say, it'll be a long time before we see grandpa." "You bet it will,' "When they blow the trumpet I'm goin' to be tlhe fust out." "So'm I. Grandpa'll be there and Mr. and Mrs. and Noah and Samson, I guess." "Yes, an' I'm goin' to ask Samson to let me feel his muscle." Father Sift* the Ashes. The sun one morn came up With his bright yellow pup, A sundog, chasing round with yelps and dashes, When father, too, dashed out And with a happy shout Remarked that he was going to sift the ashes. Father sifts: — Izzy, zizzy, izzy, zizzy, izzy, zizzy zlz; Izzy, zizzy, izzy, zizzy, izzy, zizzy ziz; iKzerizizzi, izzerizizzi, izzerizizzi. The wind whopped all about And pa was blotted out, So dense the air around that sacred form; The memory I regret; His words I can hear yet; For in that manly bosom raged a storm. But he still sifts:— Izzy, zizzy, Izzy zizzy, etc. The /language that he used Showed that he felt abused; It best can be expressed in form of dashes! The hold obtained by error On father was a terror! Xow mother hires a boy to sift the ashes. Little y Side Innucs, A pretty Cherokee girl of 20 years, known among her trlbespeople as "Lost Bird," and among the whites as Mise Ora V. Eddleman, is the editor and proprietor of Twin Terri tories, an illustrated magazine published in the Indian Territory. Yet despite her name she is making a success, and cannot be lost., If you have not paid your water tax the department has two or three kindly and be nevolent gentlemen, graduates of some east ern institution of polite learning, who are preparing to go up and beg of your wife the privilege of shutitug off the water. Germany has one electric line from Berlin to Zosseu that moves ears at the speed of eighty-five miles per hour, while 125 miles per hour is expected later. The effects of a collision at this speed have not yet been noted, but they would be unpleasant. In some parts of the north of Scotland su perstitious nsherfolk turn back if a hare or pig crosses their path. In this country super stitious bicyclists turn over if a pig or dog crosses their path. Queen Alexandra is sending the boys in South Africa silver mounted briarwood pipes THE MT^EAPOLTS JOTTENAL\ bearing the stamp of the crown and her maj esty's monogram. The wise queen knows how to capture Tommys heart. The Football Girl -have you heard her lan guage? When Casey, the slugger, tried to kick goal and failed her pretty features as sumed an air of disdain as she shifted her gum and remarked: "Oee! but y»at was a punk jolt." Carnegie denies that the king offered him a baronetcy. The p, O ple of New York, how ever, offered Croker something pretty baron. Mr. Beddard in his "Hook cm Whales" says that the whale is the largest animal that ever lived. In, fact, the whale is a whale: I. L. wants to know how to keep goldfish healthy. The best way is to put boxing gloves on the kittle. Weather Indications— For Minnesota and the Dakotas, warmer weather with more objurgu • Uon by the coal barons. As Professor Fang of Columbia that ser pents-tooth recall to China would be drawn. Where the Good Times Are. All Xiiw llin was terrorized Wednesday week by what the Xew I'lm pappr calls "a scries of the most blood-curdling and diabol ical shrieks." Said shrieks were emitted by a hobo who drifted into town with a monu mental and delirious "jag." He was arrested by Officer Julius and uncoiled the noise be fore mentioned until a ticket was purchased for him and he was shipped out of town. Dean Alice Young, the consulting authority of the women of the University ot lowa has stirred up a hornets' neat among the young lady students of that institution in her efforts to convince them that they must not "waste too much time with the young men." Vet if some good eastern college president came around, we would freely wager 7a cents that Dean Alice would sit up with him in the par lor until hulf-past 10. Let us not be too strict with our youth. The New Ulm city council has taken the sensible action of passing unanimously an ordinance fining from $1 to $25 or imprisoning for thirty days the scoundrel who throws a banana peeling upon the sidewalk of who ex pectorates upon the same. New Ulm is a good town to tie to. The Slayton Gazette thinks that if more fathers would go against their sons with a strap there would be leas waywardness. This may well be doubted. Good fellowship be tween father and son is more efficacious than slugging. Sauk Center Avalanche (dem.)—One of those unfortunate errors of the compositor that sometimes creep into the paper, despite the watchfulness of the proofreader, oc curred last week in this office, and the result was a conspicuous blunder on this page. In the paragraph referring to the change In management of the St. Paul Globe the manu script read: "Let it come out square and flat-footed as a democratic paper and quit pandering to corporations and trusts," etc. The compositor left out the words "and quit," making the sentence mean exactly opposite to what was intended. The compositor still lives, but his condition is critical. —A. J. Russell. AMUSEMENTS Hubert Mantell «t the Bijou in "Othello." With the exception or the Sunday night house, the largest audience of the Mantel! engagement packed the Bijou theater last night to witness the production of '-Othello" presented by that actor and his company. What is more, the audience was well pleased with what it saw. At the close of the third act Mr. Mantetl "was called before the cur tain with insistent demands from the gallery for a speech. He finally voiced his thanks for the reception accorded him, but declined to make a speech, saying that to do so would be to detract from the character which he was attempting to portray. This demand for a speech has long been an intolerable nuisance in Minneapolis, and .Mr. Mantel! deserves the thanks of those people who believe that an actor should not be. compelled to accede to the silly request of theater-goers who demand a quid pro quo for their applause other than that contem plated by the playwright. Mr. Mantell's Othello is the best character ization in which he has appeared during his present engagement. The role is one to which he is well fitted both by temperament and training, and is handled far better than his Hamlet; immeasurably better than his Claude Melnotte. As the Moor, Mr. Mantell find^ justification for his methods. He is at his best in the part, and last night's audience paid him the compliment of close attention, interrupted only infrequently by applause. Othello was a spectacular personage, sudden and jealous in anger, all traits in which Mr. .Mantell delights; and the result is a praise worthy interpretation, marred only occa sionally by the player's trick of striving for emphasis through the medium of a racous whisper, unintelligible to the greater part of the audience. The lago of Mark Price is also satisfactory in the main, despite the unfortunate sneer accompanying some of his best lines. Miss Marie Booth Russell is to be praised rather for what she does not do in the character of Desdemona than for what she does. She reads well, but fails to realize the absorbing love of Desdemona for the Moor, her atti tude of humility being carried somewhat too far. However, she invests the character with dignity, and her work throughout is con sistent. The Cassio of W. J. Bo wen and the Emelia of Mi6s Miunie Monk are satisfactory. —J. S. Lawrence. Foyer Clint. Reeves Smith and his excellent company will give their last performance of "A Brace of Partridges" at tjie Metropolitan to-night. The play furnishes an excellent evening's entertainment and is well worth seeing. The demand for seats at the Metropolitan for the "King Dodo" engagement, beginning Thursday evening, is the largest of the sea son, and it seems likely that the Pixley & Luders comic opera will find as many friends here as in the other important cities, where it is credited with breaking records for at tendance. "The Burgomaster," the musical comedy which is now in its second season, and which is announced for a return engagement at the Metropolitan, next week, is as l'ar from any tinge of vulgarity, in any manner, shape or form as the most conventional theater-go^r could desire. The demonstration that come dians need never stoop to buffoonery, la one of the thief features of the performance, and although the production is presented in a most lavish manner, "The Burgomaster", is a most happy conglomeration of operatic, bur lesque and vaudeville features. The Two American Macs, leaders in ex travagant Irish comedy, aided by the clever soubrette, Mazic Trumbull, will be seen at the Bijou the coming week in their new com edy, "The Irish Pawnbrokers," by long odds the best skit they have ever had. It is plaus ible, 'has a well-defined plot and is full of roaring comedy situations. Tonight will be the last opportunity at the Bijou to see Robert Mantell in "Othello." To morrow night the only performance of "Richelieu" will be given. Friday night "Hamlet" will be repeated, and for the Satur day matinee the "Lady of Lyons" will be given. Saturday night. Mr. Mantell and his company will close their engagement with "Richard III.'" Neither Fi«ht Nor Unit. Sioux City Journal. In defense of the reconcentrado policy it may be said that no better means has yet been devised for handling the situation when the other fellow will not either fight or quit. Soda Fountain Wink. Lakefleld Herald. A German scientist has been calculating the length of the average wink. In a prohibition etato the length of a wink, la two fingera of whisky. Uonu on the Jury. Prison Mirror. A N<»w Jersey preacher cays he can cast the devil out of worneu. Why fool arou.nd with women? They are all right as they are. Let him come out hero and tackle jurymen. WEPKESPAT EYEXTXO, NOVEMBER 13, 1001. ■' - - ■■•■■■" . - ■ . •. _ . . ■ . MINNESOTA POLITICS The Lester Prairie Journal, ;t stanch re publican organ of McLeod couuty, discucses tue oposition to Governor Van Saut, and, without declaring against the governor, pieka out of the candidates mentioned for the nom ination its choice. As a loyal third district paper .should, the Journal selects Heatwole. Says the editor: Heatwole would appear to be the strongest candidate, but Joel is certainly too shrewd ;i politician u> let go the congressional plum to take the OhMiM of being elected gov ernpr. It he cauld bo Induced to run, he would, in all probability, prove the strongest candidate Of. the three, as his friends in the old third district would move heaven and earth, so to speak, to elect him. His con gresgiona! organization would prove a mighty factor in his fight lor the governorship and would insure him an immense vote in this part of the state. To the unprejudiced eye, it would certainly a 'in that, if Van Sant is to be shelved. Heat wole would be the solution of tue prob lem. The Albert Lea Times replies at length for a second time to the argument in this column ' against delegatea-at-large. The Times still insists that, as a condition of giving up delegates-at-large, llenuepin must select delegates to the state conventions by senatorial districts, the "natural unit" of rep resentation. The unit of organization is the county, and that same unit is the one to be used in se lecting delegates. It would be a poor sort of campaign work that would be accomplished by r-even different campaign committees in Hcunepin county. Legislative districts are not "natural units" for any purpose, either in city or county. The Royalton Banner vouchsafes the fol lowing bit of interesting information: Some of the newspapers of the district are booming Judge D, B. Searle for congress, and his many friends and admirers are won dering if the boom has his sanction—lf he is a candidate. On a recent visit to Koyalton, he stated to friends that If the nomination came to him with any degree of unanimity he might consider the matter seriously, but the prospects were favorable for a warm fight, as there were already a number of avowed candidates, and he would not make a fight for the place. Editor Whtteman of the Ortonville Herald- Star must have been interviewing a seventh son of a seventh sou. He says: While In the twin cities last Saturday, the writer was told by one of the best politicking in the state that John Liud would surely run for governor next year—and be elected; Bob Dunn would be nominated for state audi tor again—and be elected; Frank Eddy was in the lead for congress in the seventh dis trict—and would be elected. The Brainerd Tribune takes a shot at the senator from Tod-d, as follows: Senator Jones of Tqdd thinks "the party leaders" in the sixth district ought to get to gether and select a candidate for congress. We were under the impression that the peo ple were to have something to say in the selection of candidates for office hereafter. But, perhaps, the senator is of the opinion that the voters gf the republican party should have their candidates picked out for them as heretofore, notwithstanding the new primary election law. Old political war horses like Colonel Jones die hard, and they will un doubtedly continue to fix up their "slates," to be rudely shattered at the primaries. Henry Feig declines to pick the winner in the seventh district fight, as between Eddy and Young, lie ventures to predict, how ever, that the congressmen chosen at the next election will stay in office a long time. The only thing that will operate against their ten ure of office will be rackets over postofflces. The St. Paul Globe is booming George H. Partridge for mayor of Minneapolis. He was introduced to the attention of a limited clien tele this morning by a half-column eulogy. In which it is predicted that Mr. Partridge will consent to be a candidate. The governor of South Dakota called on the governor of Minnesota yesterday, but did not make the traditional allusion to liquid re freshments that is expected when governors meet. Governor Herreid had a few minutes, and just ran in to see Governor Van Sant louy enough tor a mutual "gesundheit." OTHER PEOPLE'S NOTIONS The .Need of liuarclinK' the Tony tie. To the Editor of The Journal: I have watched with much interest the dis cussion in this department of the various matters touching the public schools of Minne apolis, a topic which interests fathers and mothers deeply. In this connection I would like to call your attention, and through you the attention of the school board, the super intendent and the various principals to the thoughtless and often reckless use of language indulged in by some of the teachers in this city, and in the presence of the children. I have known of instances where children have been called "fools," "blockheads," "liars" and similar epithets, which may have been spoken under strong provocation, per haps, but which when reported to the parents of those children, seem to warrant the as sumption that some one, teac,her, principal or superintendent, is sadly at fault. Other teachers in our schools do not stop at epithets but indulge in actual profanity, and occasion ally with a very "big D." The use of sarcasm in the schoolroom may be of occasional value, but when it becomes so incessant that pupils use it as a byword, and state that the only reason the retort is not given is because it is impossible for the pupil to begin to "get even," it occurs to the writer it is time to call a halt. Of course, sura language may be occasioned by over wrought nerves, but when it becomes chronic, the teacher's usefulness Is certainly greatly impaired, and the presence of such a teacher in the schoolroom may have an effect on a sensitive, conscientious child which will be of permanent injury. —Father. A Hostile Estimate of Karl Li. To the Editor of The Journal: In reading the life of Li Hung Chang in the various papers, I notice the singular state ment that he was a soldier and during the great rebellion in China he raised a large number of troops and fought the rebels, and in this way attracted the attention of the gov ernment. LI Hung Chang never raised any troops, nor did he lead any men against the rebels, nor was he ever a soldier. He wa3 paymaster of the troops, and by robbing the soldiers and by falsely stating to the govern ment that the rebels had captured a large amount of money and by pretending to lose several chests of silver in crossing the river, he managed to get a start. From that time on he managed to bribe the eunuchs at the court and rose higher In rank and Influence. The- only man who ever pronounced him great was General Grant. General Grant was not a very good judge of character. Li Hung Chang never was friendly to Americans. There are some things one c-annot prove, but still one knows. We could, not prove that LI Hung Chacg killed General Burgovyne, the American who succeeded General Ward, but when Bur govyne was- found dead in the river we all said, "This Is the hand of the paymaster." When Genera! Ward was killed, LI Hung Chang cheated Ward's father out of the money that the government gave him for the services of his son, and when the government deified General Ward it was Li Hung Chang that did his best to break down the character of Ward. It wp.s Li Hung Chang that brought Gordon and Wolseley to China. The Americans were in bis opinion *'beach combers and looters," But the Kensington museum in liondon tells who did the looting. If it had not been for the Americans in China the rebels would have succeeded. It was the ever victorious army that won th,e first battle and gave the rebels thslr first defeat, and Gordon never appeared on the scene till the rebel leader burned him self with his wives and treasure in Nanking. The Americana knew too much to suit LI Hung Chang, and so far as possible we were scattered and those who could be driven out of China were forced to leave. In order to break down American influence in Peking, Gordon was magnified and no credit was given to either. Ward, Burgovyne, Forreston or the other Americans. Li is dead, but you will not find a Chinaman in America who will burn a joss stick before his tablet, and In fact, if his ancestral tablet was in this country I am sure it would never find a place in any temple. The best that can be said of Li Hung Chang is that he was rich. He never helped a friond nor forgave an enenu-. No one in or out of China can point to one generous act or a no ble deed that he has done. He was as false a friend and as cowardly an enemy as the world ever saw. —G. W. Bailey. Waterville, Minn.. Nov. 12. foSTIGAN V —" THE --.Renegade BY *>^ V\£\N MACPHERSON?^* Silk ' \OST-IGAN ■ ifiHlfefi& Eene gad] Copyright, 1901, by Ewan Macpherson. "Of all the cowardly desertions of principle I ever heard of in my life, Costlgan" - "Oh, you don't know what you're talking about, man," Costigan retorted, jamming his fool hard against the edge of the window sill and using the leverage of it to tilt his chair back on its hind legs. "Jttsl you wait." Costlgan was really taking the •■calling down" of his friend very patiently for a man with the reputation of a yu'ck temper. You might account for this patience, if you chose, | by the intimacy between the two that had | grown up in nearly three years of common detestation of the average boarding-house, in dining together seven days every w>ek at restaurants chosen by common consent, and in the occupation of furnished rooms in the. same house, where they contended with tlie landlord as one man. Lastly—here was the most important bend ol' union between Costigan anfl Muller—they had long since talked over together Uip groat question of woman's proper place in the order of things and had cordially agreed that it was nowhere. Naturally, Muller felt ag grieved when he caught Costigau twice stroll ing In shady places with a blooming, brown haired young member of the reprobated sex, whose eyes had a dangerous way of smiling at one without losing a certain suggestion O i sadness. Muller waited a minute to ruminate on the possible hidden meanings of his friend's last saying. Then he veered around and with | more asperity of tone and manner said; "If ,! I don't know what I'm talking about, why in thunder don't you put me right? Is she a typewriter" "I regret to notice in you of late, Muller, an unpleasant use of vulgar slang. No, you i did not get it from me. I avoid all—all such marks of—of toughness." "That is, you have been trying to for the last three weeks —since you got stuck on this typewriter. ' " 'Typewriter' is not a description of any class of woman. It is the name of a ma chine. The lady you refer to is a typester. I met her—found her in a large insurance office down town." "And after all you have said about women and marrying and all that sort of thing you went and fell In love with her, and — Oh, Costigan I" "'I repeat, Muller, that you don't know what you are talking about. Fate brought us to gether." "Whew!" Muller whistled aloud In conster naticn at hese wordca, as if to say, "la it as bad as that?" And then, picking up the even ing paper he had Drought into Costigau's room, he retreated to his own. But man is at best a plaything of fate. Muller, the morning after this conversation, was troubled a.id distrait. His fellow clerk at the office remarked thut he looked "dopy." | The senior office boy and factotum, who had I his own way of intepreting signs, grinned and whispered that Mr. Muller must have fallen in love, and he even succeeded in spreading that view of the situation. And when Muller went out to "get a bite" he picked things up from the lunch counter in an indiscriminate way that made the attend ants stare at him. At last he turned away from the counter blindly and ran into the person who happened to be standing next behind him; and, 10, it was a woman! "t—l beg your pardon," he began, inex possibly humiliated by the necessity of apol ogizing to one of that sex. lit took refuge in a stooping attitude, collecting sandwiches from off the tiled floor. The inopportune female was down there just as fast as he was, only she was laughing. "Don't mention it"—laugh—"accidents can't always be"—more laughing—"l believe you've taken my sandwich by mistake. Mine was bee—bee"—. Th« rest was lost in a hopeless outburst. With about fifteen people waiting to get at that particular part of the counter, which I they were obstructing, and several dozens more watching and thoroughly enjoying the proceedings, Muller felt that he could not bear to remain on that titled spot craw'ing about in search of demoralized sandwiches. He got up and faced the enemy. He recog nized her. She was "the woman"—she w-ho Daily New York Letter I A Relative of Washington. | Nov. 13.—Alice Washington Fair<-hild, who J is tio years old, and a third cousin, once re moved, of George Washington, appeared yes terday ,as a pauper before Superintendent George Blair of the outdoor poor depart ment of the -department of public charities, and was sent to the almshouse. Mrs. Pair child has occasioned much anxiety and dis appointment to many persons who became interested In her because of her lineage and her poverty. The persons declare she has been a tramp for the last twenty-two years and that she is Incorrigible and Irreclaimable. There is no tloubt that her father was Lawrence Washington, who inherited the Mount Vornon property, and who was the great-great-graildson of General Washington's j half-brother, John Augustine Washington. Mrs. Faircliild has often been before the I public as the subject of articles, and for a time her claims to distinction on account of being a Washington were doubted. Mrs. Walter Leslie Carr of the Mary Wash ington Colonial Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution verified Mrs. Fair- I child's statements by the Washington book and had her fully identified. Trouble Over a Collector. Governor Odell seems to have again put himself in direct opposition to Senator Plait. Ho is reported to have protested against the reappointment of Collector Bidwell. The con test over that official, which has became very sharp since Roosevelt became president, threatens to cause a severe family jar in the republican party. President McKlnley de cided to retain Collector Bidwell. President Roosevelt is still undecided. A $07.1,000 Science Church. The Christian Scientists have given new proof of their strength in this city by build ing a new church in Central park west and raising enough money to pay ite entire cost before its dedication. The cost will be $500,000 for the building and $175,000 for the ground. The Saloon. Problem. There is a growing sentiment In this city, among clergymen as well as laymen, in fa vor of an amendment of the Raines law, so an to do away with the evil of the Raines law hotels, and, second, so as to permit the the sale of liquor during certain hours cf Sunday. Mayor-elect Low will follow a lib eral polioy, recognizing the fact that the city has a cosmopolitan population, and cannot be subject to the same rules that would gov ern a Xew England village. But he cannot change the law. That Is a function of the state legislature, and it is scarcely poeslblo that the interior counties, not being them selves subject to the same conditions that rule In the city, will permit of a changed law, so as to legalize the sale of beer on Sunday. If there is. no change in the law. what is Mr. Low to do? Adapt "a conimon eense" enforcement of the law? Probably that Is what h* will do; but that Involves a "winking" at violation of law, which will certainly involve him in criticism from,that earnest clas of people who believe in strictest enforcement, in letter and spirit, of all laws regulating the liquor traffic. Sheehan Will Not It ml. John C. Sheehan declares that he is through with politics for several years to come ex cept as a plain private In the ranks, and that the Oreater New York democracy will have to choose a new leader. The announcement caused surprise among anti-Tammany demo crats, who thought Mr. Bheehan would con tinue at the head of the Greater New York democracy. "When Mr. Sheehan was seen at his office he confirmed the report that he was going to get but of active politics. "I have been on Croker's heels for the last four years," said he, "and now that he Is down end out, I shall Dot continue the fight against hJm. I never would have begun it at all if Croker hal been honest with me. He headed a conspiracy against me and drove me out oX Tammany Hall. I then said I would keep at him until he was a political derelict, and I've kept my word. I would bad entrapped Costlgan—Costlgan'i "type ster." "Really, I'm extremely sorry for having got in your way, Mr. Muller." She bad his name pat. That renegade Co» --ttgan must have told her all about him. It was a splendid opportunity for Muller to play the courage of bis convictions. Th« convictions were there, but the courage » a = not to be found. He could only stammer "Oh, not at all. All my fault. You let me get you some more beef—was it i,. r sandwiches you said?" Then he said within his heart that he was a liar and a hypocrite and that his moral degradation had begun as soon as he had run into this woman. For her part, she actually seemed to i the adventure, which n\ i-wk Muller as down right brazen. "You see, I happen to be in a laughing mood to-dayfl" she had the pudence to say, and she went on to him a dozen questions about his acqusir with Costigan—how long it had Jastw! whether they had ever met before Mr. tigan came to New York. "No," h.? said; "we only met by chance about three years ago. We thought v. idpus in common." There was a strong emphasis on the word "thought," which .Muller meant to be impressive. He made a poor pretense of eating, but the same cowardly regard for conventional ities which had forced him to apologize for upsetting her sandwiches drove him on ro offer to walk with her in the direction of her office. And that was how it came to pass that the head offio- boy saw them and made unusual, haste to get back to the office to tell that he had seen her. "Yep. She's a peach, I tell you. They came all the way from Tabster's together." Nor was tin- head office boy the only per son who saw Muller In that short transir. When he entered the office his desk mate Wa.s there to receive him. "Holler, J want to beg your pardon for saying you were doyp this morning. I see it was something more respectable, by a long shot." "1 don't know what you mean." said ler, in a tone that seemed to bode war. But hostilities were prevented by the ar rival of a caller for Mr. Muller. Mallei out from the inner office In a mood to a most unfavorable impression on any chance visitor. It was Costigan. "Oh, I saw you." said Costigan. "Kow what have you got to say?" "You saw us, did you? Well, what i to say is that this young person got op .i. close behind me that I epuldn't move without spiHlnß a pint of coffee over her.' 1 "Yes; but it was all your fault, you know. Muller. You said so yourself. Never mind, old man. You're forgiven. When I ; you, you two looked so afff-etionatr that : seemed a pity to interrupt." (Just then the first assistant office boy came out with his ears prit ked and caught a few words, which were duly reported a minute later, i "] coming, anyhow, to ask you a favor." "A favor," replied Muller, fearing the worst. "Yes. I told you you didn't know what you were talking about. Why didn't you wait and let me tell you last night? Do you know what made me Join jou in your hostility to the sex? Come over here and listen. My wife—yes. I thought you would start—my wife and I quarreled four years ago. We were di vorced, and 1 was afterward told she had married another man, who—who isn't worth talking about. Now, don't you understand. Why, she has been here In New York, typ ing, for months and months. I found her by a mere accident —just like your running into her. She never married anybody else, ami never would. She's going to marry me again. and you are going to be my best man." Muller went back into the inner office smil ing so sweetly that he was saluted with a general grin, but he held his peace. 1 he went tot "the old man" to see about get ting away early, he was met with: "Cer tainly, Mr. Muller. But why this sud denness? Why couldn't you have let It out sooner?" It was very embarrassing to him to have to explain that he was going to be grooms man, not groom—this time. have kept at him for ten years longer if we had not downed him this year. He 1 not again ,be a successful leader of Tammany Hall, and I doubt whether Tammany Hail will regain power In this city so long as it is in the hands of its present corrupt leaders." Mr. Sheehan, for the next few years. Will give his attention almost entirely to busi ness affairs. William Hepburn Russell is likely to succeed him as leader of the Greater New York demovracy. —— Inoculated With a Deadly Disease. Brooklyn health officers will investigate the assertion of Dr. George D. Barney of C'ji Third street, Brooklyn, that he had Inocu lated Miss Emma H. King with tuberculosis serum obtained from an infected cow. If Dr. Barney's statements are true the health authorities say he is liable to criminal prose cution. Dr. Barney has figured recently In tests. He Inoculated a cow with serum from a consumptive and the cow developed the disease. This, according to Dr. Barney, lisproved Dr. Koch's theory, but to settle the luestion beyond dispute a human being would have to be inoculated with, serum, from a :ow. Two Very Xervy Crooki, Two crooks who did not think X worth while to wait for night to cover their at tempt at robbery and who did not mind a lit tle circumstance like the proximity of a police station, made a particularly bold at tempt to rob Charles Hoennlnger*B Jewelry store at 529 Third avenue, only 100 feet away from the quarters of the East Tnirty-flfth street police, at 5 o'clock yesterday after noon. One crook was caught. The pair sauntered up to the Jewelry store and looked for several minutes at a tray full of diamond rings In the window. There were forty-seven rings In the tray. Iloennlnger says they are worth exactly $2,623. The storekeeper and his clerk were busy In the rear of the store. They did not notice the crooks at first. One crook began by lifting up an Iron bar which Hoenninger uses at night to seem « his front door. This he put In Its place on the door and snapped a padlock on It, thus effectually closing the store. Neither of the men Inside heard. Then the other crook smashed the plate glass window with a big cobble stone and shored his arm In to reach the diamond tray. But the Jeweler grabbed it before the thief could get it through the hole in the window. The clerk ran out a Bide door and caught one of the crooks after an exciting chase. Not So Hostile to Croker. In the week that has elapsed sine* election the hard feelings at the Democratic Cluh against Richard Croker have softened a trifle and the men who angrily demanded his over throw on the day after election are beginning to remember the many victories that Tam many won under Croker's leadership. As one Tammany man put It to-day: "I have cooled .off some now, and there is a desire on the part of all of us to let the old man down easy. He has been the leader of Tammany Hall since ISSS, and in those six teen years of his rule we have had but twn smashing defeats, the one in 1894 and the present horror. It would not be fair to humiliate a man with such a record for leadership as that, and In all probability he won't be humiliated. By the outside public at least he will be looked upon aa the leader of Tammany Hall for some time to com*. He will probably stay right here for a while until the sting of our latest lloklng ha* less ened a little and until he can get out with out its appearing on the face of it that he was driven. Then he may go abroad again, and once abroad it may become so evident that his health will not stand another cam paign that he will deoide not to coma back." A Great Mystery. What r woman can't understand Is kow a man will stay up every night for six weeks running all over town trying bo nicks rotes for a candidate he doesn't know, but setting bopping mad if he has to run across the street to get *ome paregoric for his own. baby.