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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, November 21, 1901, Image 4

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'v-UCIAN iWIFT, i J. S. McLAlN? '■';.
MANAGER. V j EDITOK. >• •. '■
Payable to The Journal Printing Co.
; Delivered by Mail. [
One copy, one month $0.35
One copy, three months 1-00
One copy, six months 2.00
One copy, one year........" 4.00
Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50
Delivered by carrier
One copy, one week.;.... 8. cents
One copy, one m0nth...... 35 cents
Single copy 2 cenU
Average for KIC K A
October vJI^JvJU
Nov. 1 ■.'■■ 51,905
>tov. 2... 53,002
Nov. 4... .52,052
Nov. 5 51,214
Nov. 6... 51,484
Nov. 7 .........51,220
Nov. 8 .......... 51,242
Nov. 9......... 52,887
Nov. 11............. 51,268
Nov. 12......... 51,318
Nov. 13... 51,381
Nov. 14 51,160
Nov. 15 51,511
Nov. 16 54,438
Nov. 18 51,242
Nov. 19 51,154
The above is a true and correct statement
of the circulation of The Minneapolis Journal
for dai.es mentioned.
.'•■,,., „. Manacer Circulation.
Sworn and subscribed to beforo me this
20th day of November, 1901.
Notary Public, Hennepin County.
bcurbonism in the republican
Walter Wellman's dispatch to the Chi
cago Record-Herald, published in The
Journal to-day, states a deplorable
eituation frankly, but does not overstate
it. The Journal has uttered the same
•warning. The republican party is threat
ened by bourbonism. Bourbonism in poli
tics is unprogressiveness. It is the stub
born dispositon to stand in the way of
progress until the obstructionist is
trampled under foot.
The men who determine the policies of
the republican party are chiefly in the
east. The older states have pursued the
wise policy of continuing in congress the
same men year after year until they have
come into a position of commanding
Influence again which the hewer western
states, with their general disposition to
regard membership in congress as a po
litical favor to be passed around, are al
most powerless. Eastern republicans re
fuse to abandon their high tariff ideas,
and stand by their extravagantly pro
tected industries in spite of the imminent
danger of the loss of the house of repre
sentatives In 1902, and the loss of the
presidency in 1904, because they calculate
that the republican majority in the sen
ate cannot be distrubed for five or six years
anyway, and until it is, no change in the
political control of the house and the
presidency can accomplish anything in the
"way of radical tariff revision.
The situation is one which may well
give western republicans concern, for it
becomes less probable day by day that
the west will follow the leadership of a
party which refuses to consider its wishes
and interests.
Mr. Hill will never get his wooden horse
of railroad consolidation into the modern
Troy of public favor.
Theory and Practice
There are a good many people in at
tendance upon the reciprocity conference
at Washington who have very nebulous
Ideas as to what they went there for.
Some of them, on the contrary, seem to
have gone there for the express purpose
of preventing a direct indorsement of rec
iprocity. Others favor the principle as a
necessary commercial process. There are
republicans who would be content to rest
complacently on the reciprocity plank of
the Philadelphia platform end go no fur
ther. They are ready to answer the
question: "Do you favor reciprocity?" by
pointing to that plank with a smile and a
graceful wave of the hand.
Men like Mr. Search, however, want
Bomething more than a resolution. Reso
lutions ere cheap. It is action which costs
and action, although costly, is often the
easiest way out of a difficulty. We must
not deceive ourselves with the notion
that, no matter what may be our tariff
attitude toward any country, it is possible
lor us to continue to ignore its demands
for greater liberality in our commercial
treatment of it Take Canada, for In
stance: Mr. Chaxlton. of the Canadian
house of commons, showed recently that
Canada gave the United States a free list
of $56,000,000, more than half of which
consists of free lumber, free com and free
manufactures, while we give Canada a
free list covering precious metals and
some minor articles and charge upon
Canadian Imparts double the rate of duty
the Canadian government charges upon
American imports, and have adjusted the
tariff so that Canadian agriculturists who
buy some $30,000,000 of American manu
factures, are allowed to sell in exchange
only about $7,368,000 of farm products in
cluding animals and their products.
Canada exported over $70,000,000 in farm
products to Great Britain in 1900. This
year Canada's export of agricultural
products and animate and their produce
was $94,867,000, of which $78,558,000 was
taken by Great Britain and $8,864,000 by
the United States. Mr. Charlton very
naturally sees no evidence of liberality
in such a commercial arrangement, and
believes that it would be for the mutual
benefit of the two countries to have closer
trade relations. He says:
The time is near at hand when the trade
relations between the two great Anglo-Saxon
communities of North America will be placed
on a more permanent basis than at the pres
ent moment. Each of these commonwealths
may exert positive or negative influences that
•will tell definitely upon the result to be
attained. The United States may conclude
to make tariff concessions that will place the
tariffs of these two countries upon a reason
ably and mutually advantageous basis. This
cannot be done, even If Canada retains its
present low revenue duties without further
extending her free list, short of placing the
entire list of natural pi&ducts of the two
countries upon a reciprocally free list,
coupled, narhaps, with the provision that Can
ada shall repeal preferential duties In favor
of any other country. This positive action
may be resorted to by the United States, and
the matter will be settled amicably, reason
ably and justly. A negative- action on the
part of the United States in the denial of
such a course will leave Canada free to adopt
a positive line of action. That line of action
I might be simply an imltatiou of a bad exam
j pie and the adoption of the American scale
of duties applied effectively upon all articles
imported from the United States which can
■be produced in Canada. This line of action
would be considered by the mass of Cana
dian people not exactly a protective policy,
but a self-protective policy, and would en
able the farmers of that country to furnisa
the producer of the goods they buy with the
food the operatives consume. The adoption
of this line of policy by Canada would, per
haps, not be made universal in its applica
tion, and it is not improbable -that a rebate
of the heavy duties likely to be imposed
would be granted to all countries admitting
Canadian natural products free of duty. This
rebate, if provided for, would at once apply
to Great Britain, and might, if a heavy scale
of duties were adopted, reach the limit if 50
per cent. There would be nothing invidious
or unfriendly in thus provision, if made, as
all nations would be at liberty to avail them
selves of the conditions upon which the re
bate -would be given.
What Mr. Charlton says Canada may do
under lex talionis would not be desirable
by us, and it is a policy other nations be
sides Canada are likely to adopt. They
will draw a maximum tariff rate against
all countries unwilling to trade on an
equitable basis, reserving the minimum
rate for those ready to reciprocate. It
will ere long, not only be difficult but
impossible for any nation to kick against
the pricks of enlightened international
tariff opinion.
General Washburn sounded the key-note
yesterday in his interview with The
Journal in reference to this proposed
railroad consolidation. He is not afraid
to speak his mind on the subject, and to
do it in plain English. And he puts it
admirably when he says:
My observation has been that a way has al
ways been found in this country to right
any great wrong. I have no doubt it will
be found in this case, and it seems to me a
little short of cowardice for the people of
this section of the country to assume any
thing else.
Attention is called, also to his remarks
with regard to the relation of the rail
road to the country through which it
runs, and to the fact that the Northern
Pacific railroad was given an enormous
land grant by the United States govern
ment with the understanding that it
! would be owned by parties interested in
; the country. No one supposed when that
■ land grant was made that this great proper
i ty would ever be turned over to the tender
I mercies of its competitors and be con
j trolled by men who control and operate
! competing lines. If any such possibility
jhad been foreseen the federal government
i would certainly have provided specifically
■ and clearly against merging it with any
! competing line, or any set of competing
I lines.
Contumacious Violation of Law
The cynicism of a part of the press and
the open support another is giving the
efforts of the capitalists backing the
Northern Securities company to violate
the laws of Minnesota and other western
states and force through a cons6lidation
of parallel and competing railroad lines
in open defiance, even contempt, of the
law is one of the bad signs of the times.
Hardly less ominous is the attitude of
another part of the press which regards
the question as merely one for academic
discussion and wanders far away from the
vital part of the subject; to draw a fan
ciful parallel between the consolidation
of railroads and the federal political
union, or to talk blandly of the benefits
of consolidation. .
We find such journals as the New York
Commercial Advertiser openly expressing
a belief that the consolidation will tri
umph because of the unparalleled
strength of the interests which will be
used to carry their point. The point of
view of the cynics is expressed by a Chi
cago Record-Herald cartoon which repre
sents Governor Van Sant as a sort of
diminutive modern Don Quixote about to
charge, not a windmill, but a rapidly ad
vancing railroad train —the irresistible
train of consolidation.
The unparalleled strength of the inter
ests which the Commercial Advertiser re
fers to is then, in its opinion, superior
to the will of the people as expressed in
state government. The same idea is con
veyed by tie cartoon. Both teach that
in any conflict between great corporate
interests and the government of any part
of the country, the corporations will win.
Nothing is said about the contumacious
illegality of the undertaking. It is mere
ly predicted that it will be victorious.
It is plain that the insolence of the
great railroad magnates has reached such
a point that they no longer take state
laws into account. They not only ignore
them; they despise them. They have
become the railroad law unto themselves.
What they will have done will be done.
Who cares for the paper laws of a few
insignificant states?
At the same time that the champions
of the consolidation predict its victory,
they talk about the reasonable contention
that the new railroad union "will not
abuse the advantage which it stands to
gain from the elimination of competi
tion." What reason is there to think so?
The very rail*©ads that are to be brought
into the combine are one and all making
large profits to-day. They are not en
gaged in ruinous competition. The ob
ject of consolidation is to increase those
large profits. It will be realized with
the merciless methods peculiar to those
who have supreme and arbitrary power
and are governed only by the considera
ation of making money. So far as trans
portation, in this age of transportation,
affects industry, the industrial interests
of the territory dominated by the con
solidated, railroads will be at the mercy
of the great league of railroad barons
who will have the opportunity to wring
from them every cent that can be extract
ed consistently with leaving it possible to
get some more cents at the next wringing.
Whether they will do so or not can
best Judged by experience. Look at the
Southern Pacific monopoly in southern
The captains of transportation, now be
come emperors, are about to centralize
their system of industrial domination of
the people. Now Is the time to find out
whether the states or the railroads are
supreme. If the latter are it is none too
early to begin a relentless national strug
gle to curb the power of the railroads and
teach them that in this democracy the
people will not permit their freedom to be
menaced by industrial any more than by
political oligarchy.
Government ownership is looming up.
i The great powers that are threatening
and scoffing at government must be bound
and gagged, and, if necessary, disposed of
by government ownership. And if the
careless railroad barons arrogantly riot
ing in the castles of their power, blindly
drive us to that issue from our troubles
it will be ownership on the terms dic
tated by the people, not by the railroad
Lemuel Eli Quigg, the New York poli
tician, culled on the president and indis
creetly urged him to pursue a certain
course under a threat of political injury.
The chronicler relates that before Quigg
could pull himself together and apologize
he was alone in the hall! The United
States senators who are talking about op
posing President Roosevelt's laudable in
tention to keep political appointments out
of the army and navy and the civil service
of the dependencies are likely to find
themselves in the hall, if they tarry their
resentment to the point of opposing ap
pointments made by the president. Mr.
Roosevelt is emphatically right and the
people will have something to say to
senators who may attempt to use their
power in appointing and confirming offi
cials to prevent this most commendable
and necessary reform.
Those Danish Islands
There is further talk of negotiations by
our government for the purchase of the
three islands of St. Croix, St. Thomas and
St. John in the West Indies, just east of
our Porto Rico. Since these negotia
tions were undertaken it is interesting to
note that there has been no fearful outcry
of wild indignation over such proposed
territorial expansion. There is yet time,
however, for a spectacular demonstra
tion in Boston. Brother Bryan has slopped
working himself into piteous frenzies
about such matters and the Boston Anti-
Imperial club is alone resourceful enough
tb bring out effective machinery. Presi
dent Roosevelt is not disposed to do any
thing very outrageous a-nd the constitu
tional requirements will be followed as
closely as possible.
The purchase of the Danish islands will
not only require the assent of the senate
but the co-operation of the house of rep
resentatives for the appropriation of the
necessary money, which will be about
$4,000,000. The whole matter will receive
discussion in the senate and house. In
the case of these islands, there being a
considerable Danish population (Danes,
j dominant white, negro numerically domi-
I nant) congress will have to determine
' their status upon annexing them. In the
! island of St. Croix, indeed, the inhabitants
| are almost entirely British or of Brit-
I ish descent, outside the official class, and
j English is largely spoken. Several meet
! ings of the St. Thomas people have been
i held to protest against the transfer to the
United States, but more have been held
; advocating such transfer. More than two
| thirds of the planting interest favor the
pale and protection under the American
flag. The opposition has come entirely
from the people who hold fat jobs under
the Danish government and who will lose
them if the islands come under our flag.
The vast majority warmly favor annexa
In the reciprocity convention yester
day William Irvine, a lumberman of
Chippewa Falls, Wis., said the lumber
men would stand a certain reduction in
the tariff on lumber in the interests of
reciprocity if the duties on. the articles
the lumberman has to buy in the opera
tions of his business were subjected to a
similar reduction. That seems to be fair.
So far as possible the apparent burdens
of taking up the new policy should be
distributed over all kinds of production
and manufacture. No particular industry
or industries should be singled out as
a sacrifice for the welfare of others. In
evitably some industries, particularly
those that have no foothold in America
except that, given them by the tariff and
are essentially exotic, will have to suffer
more than others. -But reciprocity should
be sought in a spirit of the greatest good
to the greatest number of interests.
Though our exports are declining and
our imports growing the balance of trade
In our favor still remains imposing. But
that our gold should be going abroad in
the face of the favorable balance is some
thing that even the experts cannot ex
plain very clearly. Either the debt we
owe Europe is far from paid or else we
are investing money in Europe, as well
as using the trade balance to pay debts,
or—well, something else.
Germany's Sacrifices for Her
Home Market
The New York Commercial Advertiser,
which is well informed on European
politics, thinks that the new German
tariff is not so much designed as a blow
at American trade as it is intended to be
a means of concentrating German wealth.
It is thought by the Germans .that the
high tariff will attract foreign capital to
Germany and tend to keep German capi
tal at home and productive. But what
ever the purpose, it appears from an ex
amination of the appurtenant statistics
that the new tariff will deal a severe
blow "* to American exports to Ger
many, especially food products, and also
to the German consumers and carriers of
those products. As, next to the British,
the Germans have been the best buyers
of our foodstuffs, the new tariff and its
probable results should have a particular
interest for the food producers of the
The tariff on wheat has been raised
from $8.30 to $15.40 per ton; rye $8.30 to
$14.20; oats $6.70 to $14.20; barley $4.70
to $9.50; corn $3.80 to $9.50; flour $17.40
to $32.10. On meats the increase is about
the same as on cereals.
The inevitable effect of such a sweep
ing advance In the tariff will be that
American exports to Germany will fall off
greatly. The extent of these exports may
be gathered from some of the figures for
1900 when Germany bought of us 23,276
tons of meat, 16,098 tons of buckwheat,
118,928 of barley, 96,009 of oats, 976,034
of corn, 142,997 of rye, 207,261 of wheat.
The American meats constitute more
than half of all that Germany imports and
most of her Imported buckwheat cornea
from America. But In the other items
Just enumerated Germany gets most of
her imports from her European neighbors
—which supports the view that the tariff
Is not especially aimed at America.
As to the effect of the new tariff on the
German consumer, we have the testimony
of John E. Kehl, American consul at
Stettin, that "the first effect of an in
crease over the present import du.*.y on
foodstuffs will be an advance in price of
these articles." This advance will tie
a grievous hardship for the people. The
cost of living in Germany is from 10 to
50 per cent higher than in the United
States and wages are about two-thirds
less. Wages will need to be increased
and, after much suffering, doubtless will
be, but that means increased prices for
the articles the workers make. So event
ually the burden of the new tariff is like
ly to come back on the people in general.
Germany hopes, and it is likely, that
the new tariff will tend to reduce the bal
ance of trade ""between the United States
and Germany, now so largely in our
favor; our exports to Germany being
$242,950,400 last year and our imports
from that country, $104,648,600.
But this purpose will be effected at the
cost of the reduction of the total amount
of trade between the two countries. As
most of that is carried in German ves
sels, and the general industrial depression
at present existing in Germany is al
ready markedly affecting the carrying
trade, the tariff will seriously injure
German shipping interests. Consul Kehl
estimates that last year German ships
made $9,000,000 carrying American ex
ports to Germany. When business is
already so bad that the German lines
are trying to get an agreement between
ship owners in the trans-Atlantic trade
to dock some of their vessels for the win
ter it is plain that a loss of a revenue of
$2,000,000 to them which would follow a
decrease of one-fourth in American ex
ports to Germany would be almost unen
Judge Mills of the Minnesota railroad
and warehouse commission makes a nice
distinction between the ownership of
stock in competing railroad lines and the
use of the power conferred by that stock
to consolidate the lines in question. What
does the judge think the Northern Secu
rities company is organized for? To pro
mote competition or to keep the lines
from being consolidated? He says "if"
the owners of the stock attempt to con
solidate the lines. But there is no "if"—
and this is a point that must be kept
clearly in mind—the Northern Securities
company is itself a consolidation of the
two or more lines involved.
The Minnesota legislators are talking to
The Journal on ,this railroad consoli
dation matter about as one would expect
them to. Those who favor the railroads
under any and all circumstances favor the
railroads now; but those who are in touch
with the people and recognize their obli
gations as representatives of .the people,
are evidently ready to do their part to
prevent the consummation of the proposed
That earnest champion of reciprocity,
Thomas Shevlin, is opposed to doing much
more in the direction of reciprocity than
talking about it. He argues that any
kind of a tariff alteration always affects
business unfavorably. All reports agree
that the lumber industry is remarkably
The health commissioner .thinks he can
inject some practical reforms into the
methods of caring for the streets of the
business center of the city in winter. It
is to be hoped that he can; there is no
hope ,that the commissioners and aldermen
will ever do it. That was given up long
Feyer Chut.
It would seem probable that the theater
going public would be surfeited with a play
after seeing it three times within i single
[ year, but ''The Burgomaster" has so many
elements of popularity in the way of catchy
airs, pretty girls and high class specialties
■that it seems ever new, and draws the s;ime
people three or four time at each engagement,
and could probably hold the boards at the
I Metropolitan for an extended run to lucrative
Should William A. Brady produce many
more pastoral plays, he would probably be
wise to invest in a stock farm. Even now
jhe has a nucleus for one. In his various
productions he utilizes twenty-two horses,
thirty cows, ten calves and thirty-six sheep.
He also uses numerous wagons and sleighs.
In the production of "Way Down East," to be
seen at the Metropolitan next week, three
horses, three cows, three calves and a dozen
sheep are used.
Clyde Fitch has written an intensely in
teresting play in "Barbara Frietchie," to be
presented at the Bijou the coming week.
The story begins with delightful comedy,
merges into melodrama, deepens into an emo
tional drama and ends in tragedy. The play
will be presented on the same elaborate scale
that marked its production in New York city
and will be produced by an exceptionally
clever company. Miss Frances Gaunt, an
actress of artistic talents and ability, will be
seen in the title role.
The local popularity of farce comedy is -well
established. If any evidence Is needed in this
direction the excellent patronage being ac
corded "The Irish Pawnbrokers" at the Bijou
this week would be sufficient
Lieutenant General Miles and his staff offi
cers are hunting for a milk-white steel. The
commander of the army has decided that he
must have a pure white horse for use on pub
lic occasions, and has been having a hard time
fgetting just what he wants. The animal
I must be without a spot, and stand sixteen
j hands high, and be built like a warhorse.
General Miles has scoured the regions around
the district in search of such a steed. He has
ridden miles into the country on tips, only to
I find that the animals in question were not
pure white, or that they had some spot, or
that they were not high enough, or had some
other flaw. That man who can secure for him
a milk-white mount which will answer all re
quirements will ingratiate himself into Gen
eral Miles' affections for life.
An Englishwoman relates this amusing ex
perience with the French custom officers:
"My father had an air-cushion with him
which he refused to trust to a porter's tender
mercies, and insisted on carrying himself.
This attracted the attention of a vigilant
douanier. "What's in this?" he cried, pounc
ing eagerly upon it. "Air," replied my father;
"is there a duty on English air?" The
Frenchman was not so easily convinced, and
insisted on satisfying himself that the con
tents were really of such an innocent nature.
The cushion was unscrewed, the air escaped,
and Jacques Bonhomme's face lengthened
more and more as the india rubber became
flatter and flatter."
New York Times.
A member of the firm of Ginn & Co., pub
lishers, recently passed through Chicago on
his way to a winter home in California. He
stopped long enough to see a little of Cid
cago and to make this comment:
"Everything here seems to be dirty," he
said, "except the old mahogany, and that is
clean and new."
A certain judge in a western state was
noted for his disinclination to admit that he
was ill, as well as for his roundabout method
of expression. One day he was approached by
the state librarian, who courteously asked
after his health. "William," said the judge
cautiously, "I am not well, but I am better
than I was when I was worse than I am
Make Man Killing: Unlawful.
: Bralnerd Dispatch. . _:
,The next legislature should pass a law mak
ing ilt unlawful to kill men during th.o?open
season.for deer.
I The Nonpareil Man
The Wonderful Dvclclias.
Old Grandpa Winans, usually culled
"Gramp" Winans. always hud a good story
for the boys when they gathered around his
Shop when trade was dull.
"Did I ever tell ye," asked Gramp one
day, '-about thet wonderful duckling 1 raised
back in \oo Eiampihy?"
"No. What's the story, Gramp."
"Wai, yet bee, when > hat duckling broke the
shell iind jumped out, ho looked around an'
saw that all the rest of the flock of thirteen
young ducks, his brothers and sisters, had
been born fust. So he stood on one foot an'
raised two webbed toes inter the air!"
"What for, Gramp?"
"Why, holdin' up two fingers means 'lot's
go in swimming.' Ye all know that."
Kittle Side Ihsiich.
Seth Low has asked Mr. Platt to call and
talk it over. Uncle Platt is to be given a
little rope so he can graze over a fair-sized
The Kansas City i>tar collects indubitable
evidence of the feeding of large quantities of
wheat to stock. Our cow, who is to compet3
with the German cow, now has warm biscuit
for breakfast.
Columbia claims to be having trouble with
its Colon. Dr. Sam should be called to diag
nose the case and perform the operation for
In a breezy letter, probably to be printed
Saturday next, the Rev. G. L. Merrill com
pares gay Paris to the bright eighth ward,
much to the disadvantage of the former.
"As between the Apollo belvidere and Rug
gles, give me liuggles."
The new automobile record for a mile Is
514-5 seconds. That is faster than falling
off a ladder when putting on the double win
It costs $1.17 to stop a train gcing at full
speed. If the engineer does it by dragging
his foot it also wears out considerable shoe
If England followed her old policy of finding
a bunch of trouble and annexing it, she
might look with envious eyes on Colon. That
policy has, however, been changed.
The naval knockers have got all of 3ch!ey'3
money away, anyhow.
The new Ameer, in playing solid with Rus
sia, is skating very close to the English air
hole, but it isn't as dangerous a place as it
used to be.
P. B. writes in to ask how to prevent cider
from working. Let the tramp drink it.
A Chicago man cleams to have invented a
gun that fires 260,000 shots a minute. If
any of the other deor hunters escape now,
it will be because the gun bursts at the
first fire.
Oat in the Sunshine. ,
The Adrian Democrat tells of the hard luck
of a Todd county burglar. He robbed a coun
try postotfice and stole a lot of "postage due"
stamps. Now he owes 2 cents on every letter
he writes.
The Lake City Republican feels properly
hurt because a cheap "all-around, yard-wide,
cure-you-siek-or-well-and - espeetally-if-you
are-well Doctor D. Ph. B. D. M-tion, W. X.
and his wife held forth a few evenings in the
city hall, by permission of the council, in a
series of medical lectures (save the mark*.
The lectures, so-called, which same turned
the stomach of Red Wing, and caused the per
petrators to be fired out bodily, before they
came to Lake City, grew entirely too savory,
or, in other words, "rocky," for this commu
nity, and public opinion became so incensed
that those who gave the 'duet' the use of the
clean and pretty city hall at last shut down
on them." There is nothing so wearing as
a cheap fake doctor.
The Pipestone Star says that "Telephone
Robinsou surprised the denisons of Slayton
the other morning by running into town with
his gasolene automobile, and the natives all
hid within their dwellings and saloons while
the old man rode past with all the glorious
inodesty of a king." Jim Ruaue, Dinehart,
Terry, Week, Weld and other nabobs have
ordered airships direct from Paris.
The Casey, lowa, Indicator says that Dave
Shlnn is so excited over a new son that he
put the milk in the swill barrel by mistake
and sweetened his coffee with salt.
The Peterson, lowa, Patriot learns that a
North Side couple were out driving a few
evenings ago, and, being asked by her com
panion if she believed in palmistry, she re
plied in that childlike simplicity: "If I could
see the lines in one hand I could foretell a
pleasant drive."
The Peewee Protective Association.
An organization has been formed iu the
state, with headquarters in Minneapolis, for
the protection of minor poets and aspiring
authors against destructive criticism. This
organization is known as the Peewee Pro
tective Association. Each member promises
to defend any other member in public or in
private against attack. No attempt will be
made to care for the interests of the larger
pcets, as they are able to take care of them
selves; but nobody can kick a "Peewee"
without hearing from the association. The
author of "Freckles and Tan" is the first
president of the association, while the tal
ented authors of "The Bandit Mouse" and
"The Pirate Frog" are vice-presidents. Lar
ry Ho Is secretary of the association. All
moneys will be paid In to the Nonpareil Man
as treasurer. Lyman W. Denton and all
writers for "Progress," and all the chartor
members of the Authors' club, constitute the
first board of control. The first passwordiis,
"Are you a Peewee?"
Any attempt to kill off a Peewee by vicious
criticism will tie opposed by the society.
Give the Peewee a chance to show what ho
can do? Now and then a Peewee has come
to the front and rung the bell. That ha
ought to be given full swing to show what he
can do before beiag killed is the belief of tho
new association.
An early hymn-writer has sung:
Teach me another's faults to scan.
To hide the good I see.
To be sure, some of the faults of the Peo
wees In tho poetry line may not scan, but
we should be patient. Ella Wheeler Wilcox
writing of the Peewees, says:
Let me not hurt, by any selfish deed
Or thoughtless word, the heart of foe or
Nor would I pass, unseeing, worthy need,
Or sin by silence where I should defend
Ella is right:
Should the aspiring peewee with a "pome"
Be booted by a careless friend or foe?
Or should he 'be on the perspiring dome
Of thought struck by the fatal ax? Ah.no.
However meager his poetic gift,
Although to mortal sense it may not scan;
Although his lute may have a serious rift,
The peewee still remains a brother man.
—<A. J. Russell.
Taxation of Church Property-.
To the Editor of The Journal:
In your issue of Nov. 18, 1901, Mr. Porter
Martin makes the statement that all of the
property of Trinity Corporation, New York,
Is exempt from taxation. This needs to be
corrected, and I quote from a report of Trin
ity church (contained in the "Centennial His
tory of the Diocese of New York," page 212):
"The annual taxes amounted last year (1884)
to about $63,000. And here It Is to be noted
that the church property is not, as some sup
pose, exempt from taxation; on the contrary,
taxes are paid on every square inch of ground
used for eeeular purposes, and on every
building excepting the churches, school
houses. Infirmary and burial grounds."
I cannot speak for every part of the coun
try, but in places where I have lived only the
property where the church stood, or a house
actually occupied as a rectory, was exempt
from taxation. As an instance, I had charge
of a church in New Jersey which was situated
on one end of a large plot of ground; the lots
where the church stood were exempt, but on
the rest of the land, unoccupied, comprising
three or four lots, the church had to pay
taxes. — David Henry Clarkson.
I Jamestown, X. £>„ Nov. 19.
Copyright, 13u1, by A. 8. Richardson.
Widow Jason was the relict of Farmer Ja
son, and she carried on the farm after his
death with even more wisdom than he had
shown himself possessed of. She was still
on the 'brighter side of forty, fair to look
upon and waa at peace with all her neighbors
until the one to the east of her sold u'.j
a stranger moved in.
He was a man of middle age, named Cbi.s
-holm, and, being a widower, his sister man
aged the house for him. If the Widow
was one of those who wondered what sort
of man he was, she was the first to find it
out. Among her live stock that year were
a dozen hogs, and It was the fault of Her
hired man that there were holes in the fences
through which they made their way into
the potato field of the new neighbor, she
had just finished her breakfast one morning
when Cbisbolm was announced. He had the
courtesy to lift his hat and give his name,
but he also had the bluntness to add:
"Madam, your infernal hogs have rooted
up half an acre of potatoes for me, and if
you can't manage to keep 'em home I'll shoot
every one of 'em!"
She looked at him and saw that he was
above the ordinary and felt that, had .sho
been introduced in the conventional way, she
would have been pleased to make his ac
quaintance. But his rude greeting angered
her, and, being a woman with a miud of her
own, she at once replied:
"I can pay for all the potatoes on your
farm, and if you come here to threaten Jie
you'll find a woman who don't scare!"
"Well, you keep your hogs at home."
"And you keep yourself in the same place."
That was the first tilt. The fences were
mended and the hogs were in despair when a
high wind blew a gate open, and the druve
spent the night in the same potato field. Next.
morning Chisholm drove ten of them home
and said to Widow Jason:
"Madam, there are dead hogs belonging to
you in my field. Will you have them re
moved or shall I bury them?"
"You killed them, did you?" she asked.
"I did. I told you I would, and I did."
"Then I'll have the law on you."
"Go ahead."
She went to law, and there was a suit, an.l
she was ingloriously beaten. Womanlike, she
felt pretty bitter over it; but at the same
time she had to give Mr. Chisholm credit for
lack of any bitterness. He stated his casa
in the mildest manner and even spoke highly
of her as a neighbor. When she returned
home after the lawsuit, she said to her hire 1
"Joeh, if that man Chisholm comes on my
land again I want you to throw him off."
"Yes'm, I'll do it," replied the sturdy Josh.
It wasn't a fortnight before Chisholm came.
He was on his way to the house when Josh
headed him off and ordered him back. He
refused to go, and Josh laid hold of him to
do the throwing act, but found himself a
licked man in about three minutes. While he
sat on the ground with a handful of grass
to his bleeding nose, the victor passed on to
the woman, who had witnessed the fracas
from the front steps. Lifting his hat, he
"Madam, those hogs of yours have been at
it again—this time in my corn field—and I've
had to kill another."
"Have you dared to kill another of my
hogs?" she demanded, as her cheeks flamed
and her eyes flashed.
"I have. Shall I bury him?"
"Sir, you are a scoundrel!"
"And you are a charming widow!"
She drove to town at once to see her lawyer.
There was $10 in the case for him, win or
lose, and he advised her to sue. She sued
and got beaten again. The defendant referred
to her in the highest terms, but he also proved
Daily New YorK Letter
Romance of Some lovra Boyt.
Nov. 20.— was shown in papers .filed in
the supremo court to-day that three children
who were turned over to the Xew York ju
venile asylum and apprenticed to farmers in.
the west, are prospective heirs to a large
part of the estate of Ida A. Flagler, formerly
the wife of Henry M. Flagler of the Standard
Oil company. *
Mrs. Flagler, who was adjudged Insane in
the courts, is in the sanatorium of Dr. Car
los F. McDonald, at Pleasantville, Westches
ter county. Her estate amounts to 373,137.
It has not been set forth in any papers
filed in connection with her estate that she
executed a will before she became insane. It
| had, until a few days ago, been understood
,that her estate would pass to her two broth
ers and a sister on her death. Her brothers
are Charles F. Shourds of 74 Pearl street,
Boston, and Stephen E. Shourds of 478 Cres-i
cent street, Brooklyn, and her sister is Mrs. !
Mattie A. ; Johnson of. Pawlet, Vt. Theee
three have recently learned that three chil
dren of a deceased sister are living.
. The deceased sister was Mary Emma Tay
lor, wife of Edward W. Taylor of this city.
Mrs. Taylor died in 1876, and soon after her
death her three sons were surrendered to the
New York juvenile asylum by their father.
They were placed with farmers in the west
and have all grown up into healthy citizens
and are married.
They are George W. Taylor, Richard W.
Taylor and William W. Taylor. It is etated
that two of them reside in lowa and the other
in the state of Washington. Their letters i
say that they learned from the newspapers
of the incompetency of their aunt, and . so \
made known their existence to their uncles
and aunt.
The discovery of these children was averred
in the court records by applications of Mrs.
Flagler's two brothers and eister, who have
allowances made to them from her estate on
allegations that the whole income is not re
quired for her support; that they are her
prospective heirs, and that they are in need
of the allowances. Stephenson E. Shourds
avers that he is unablo to work, and that his
only source of Income is $8 a. month he re
ceives as a war veteran, except for a gra
tuity he has been receiving from Mr. Flagler.
Charles E. Shourds and Mrs. Mattie A.
Johnson aver that their sources of income are
such that they should have $5,000 a year from
the estate. Stephen asks the same amount.
Their applications were not opposed, and
Justice Clarke to-day made orders that each
of them receive an income of $4,000 a year
from the este of Mrs. Flagler.
In another proceeding, Justice Clarke made
an order to-day that Dr. MacDonald receive
$5,000 yearly for his services as committee
of her person and $25,000 a year for her
maintenance. She has been at Pleasantville
since March 20, 1597. Dr. MacDonald avers
that he intends to remove her from this in
stitution and place her. in a separate resi
dence suitable to her means. He says she
should not remain where there* are other de
ranged inmates, but should have separate
servants and be surrounded with all the lux
uries consistent with her confinement.
Ruining the Oyster Beds.
Oyster beds in the Great South bay, the
home of the famous blue;.polnt, were virtu
ally ruined yesterday in* a wild scramble
for small' oysters, the law protecting which
having been found to be unconstitutional.
News that there was no law protecting small
oysters (spread like wildfire all over the shores
of the Great South bay, and by the dim light
of the moon many boats started for the oyster
fields. By dawn hundreds ;of men were
oleaning the beds of every bivalve they held.
The demand for blue point oysters is so
i great that it cannot be supplied, but the big
cargoes gathered will probably glut the mar
ket, as they have ruined many of the fine
beds in the bay. The damage is estimated
at $50,000, the value the oysters would have
reached in a year or two had they been un
disturbed. ■ ;
The Green Goods Game.
John B. Bertholf, manager of the Western
Union Telegraph company; .offices in Jersey
City, and Charles P. Adams, "superintendent of
the company's lines along the Jersey Central I
railroad, have been indicted by the Hudson
county grand jury, it is said, for aiding and
abetting green * goods operations ,by receiving
and transmitting messages for the swindlers.
Crokcr to '• Sail or. 30. .
Rlcliard Croker has announced that he ■will
•ail: for his country ) home' at Wantage.' Eng
..■■.. ■ ■ . ■ ■
that her fences were out of repair. The law
yer saw $lfl more in it, win or lose, and ad
vised Josh to prosecute for asfiault and bat
tery. Josh brought his swollen nose and
Waci mrt and was beaten by sv-\ •
eral lengths. He had provoked the encounter,
and if he had got the worst of it, the law
| couldn't help him.
! It was a month before anything further
J happened. The fences around the hog lot
| were thoroughly repaired, an*! for four weeks
I the porkera had to imike the best of their
jead lot. Tnen Josh left the bars down one
night, and as the widow was getting break
fast she heard the crack of a rifle Half an
hour later Mr. Chisholm appeared to say:
"Good morning, Mrs. Jason. Those wretched
hogs of yours rooted up my garden last night
and this morning I killed another of them. 1!
you want another lawsuit, I'll drive you to
town in my own buggy."
"And you—you've shot another?" ahe
( gii.sped.
i have.
'"Then I'd like to shoot you! You are the
meanest man in +be state of Ohio!"
"Yes'm," he replied, with a bow as he
turned away.
Widow Jason drove to town to consult her
lawyer again. There was $10 In it for him,
win or lose, and this time Mr. Chishot:
arrested for malicious persecution. Il his
testimony he referred to the plaintiff as '•that
lady" and exhibited no animus whatever, but
he also proved that he was the one per
secuted. The widow's hogs would not lot him
alone. She was beaten again, and this time
a stout pen was built, and the hogs were shut
up. The farmers had of course taken Bides.
Some contended that Chisholm had exhibited
a mean aud unneighborly spirit and other.-:
that, the widow had been derelict in not mend
ing her fences, and there was much talk an 1
discussion. It occurred now and then that
the two principals met on the highway or at
the crossroads meeting house, but while Chis
holm lifted his hat and bowed as If there was
nothing on his mind, the widow, except for
her blazing eyes, siemed carved of stone.
Tliat pen held the hogs fot a. long six
weeks, but hog pens have their weak ppints,
and patience and perseverance will seek them
out. The hen sun warped a board and mad"
an opening, and the industrious swine en
larged it until one night they all passed
out and headed straight for the next farm.
They fetched up among the cabbages, pump
kins, squashes, melons and carrots, and dur
ing the lonj hours of darkne.=>3 they ran riot.
They were missed from the pen early nex:
morning, and the widow sat down on the
doorstep and cried. She cried because sho
was vexed, and she cried because she was
a woman. Every minute she expected to hear
the crack of Chisholm's rifle, and she fulTy
realized that any further appeal to the law
would be wasted. She was vexed at the hogs,
at Josh and at Ohisholm. Her tears were still
falling when the n£w neighbor stood befora
her and bowed and said:
/'Mrs. Jason, those blamed hogs of yours
damaged me a hundred dollars' worth last
"And how many more have you killed?" she
"None. I've just driven 'em home."
"But why—why"—
"Because I see how it is. I must either
kill off your whole drove or build a pen my
self. I shall come over to-night to talk to
you about it."
He appeared an hour after supper, and It
was 11 o'clock before he went home. Even
then the "talk" was not finished. Aa a mat
ter of fact It required a great many etenings
and was only concluded one winter's night
when she laid her head on his shoulder and
'"If you are really sure that you love me,
then the farm, tho hogs and I are yours, and
we'll be married Xew Year'B day."
I land, on Nov. 30. and ia this announcement
i lie did not state at what time ho expected to
, return. He reiterated, however, that It wa3
I not his intention to abdicate the managemer;:
! of the Xew York democracy, but he implied
1 that for some time to com*, the only work
j which could be done was in the nature of a
i waiting game, and this any one of his trusted
lieutenants could accomplish during his ab
sence. ■ _-; i „/ / .' ; .
The Rise of Sissy Loftns.
Daniel Frohman announces that after seven
weeks of negotiations, contracts have been
signed whereby Miss Cecelia Loftus, leading
| woman of E. H. Sothern's company, will
! play the leading feminine rolos for Sir'Henry
Irving and the London Lyceum stock company
during the coronation season.
Miss Loftus will not leave- for London until
the latter part of the present season.
Mr. Frohman further states that Miss Loftus
Will return to this country undsr his man
agement after the end of tha coronation sea
This simply means that Misa Loftus is to be
given a fair trial by Sir Henry. If she suc
j ceeds she will, without tihe slightest doubt,
remain in the London Lyceum company. If
not, she can return to "America with good
It is generally understood that Mlsa Ellen
Terry, for over a score of years Sir Henry"3
leading actress, is about to retire from the
stage, and that she is looking about for a
suitable person to take her place. Miss Terry
would have retired two years ago had not Sir
Henry been in financial straits.
A Mclvlnley Statue.
Sculptor Xiehaus' bronze statue of President
McKinley— first ordered slnoe his death
is rapidly approaching completion in this city.
The statue, strangely, is modeled from a
suit of clothes made after the pattern of the
last frock coat and trousers ordered by the
martyred president from his New York tailor.
After the suit was obtained, a long hunt was
made to find a man to fit it. This waa flnally
found in the person of an employe in an up
town cafe. The statue is being made for Dr.
Clarence H. Hackley, who will present It to
the town of Muskegon, Mich. The work will
cost $15,000, and is seven feet in height
Love Letter Record Broken.
, Devoted swains have had a hard pace
cut out for them by Joseph Brown, who has
just made a record of records, even in these
record-breaking days, by sending Miss Minnie
Danzinger 1.800 love letters In five weeks.
Some comfort may be had, however, from the
fact that the-Bellevue alienists have beoome
deeply interested in the young gentleman, and
he is not likely to soon resume his gait. One
■day last week Miss Danzinger got nearly iOO
letters from Brown. They cams by mail,
by messenger and every other way Imagin
able. . 7
Sleep, little darling! The night-dews are
Softly the wind whispers over the l«al
Slumber, nor trouble— angels ar« keeping
Watch—and thy mother Is praying for theel
Deep in the heavens the kind stars are twink
:.._. Hng...;..: : ".... .■...;.
Constant and true as the lovers they see;
Down the dim. valley the brooklets are tink
ling— "
But, darling,, thy : mother Is praying for
Sleep, little darling! The daytide hath ended
. And robin and bluebird have flown to their
. -.-. .' nest! !:^,^;;^
Sleep! for thy rest Is more surely defended—
Safe is thy home on thine own mother's
Slumber! O slumber! for sleep thy- big
Shall cuddle safely where harm cannot be!
And the place where thou sleepest Is holy I
for mother— -
, Thy mother an angel— praying for three!
—Larry Ho (Laurence Guran Hodgson).
"Stephen Adams," the composer, and Mich
ael Maybrlok, the barytone singer, are ono
and the same person. An Interesting faot con
cerning the first singing of "The Holy City"
is not generally known, viz., that Mrs. Flor
ence brick was the one who first • sang
the words which have aided so materially In
making the name of "Stephen ; Adams" : fa- \
mous. was aboard his yacht that Michael
Maybrlck composed "The Holy City," and It
was there that «Florence Maybrlck first gavt
voice to its melodious strains.

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