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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
PRICE TWO CENTS. BURIED TREASURE UNEARTHED. Political Capt. Kidd—They have discovered my buried treasurt at last. GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP Next Congress Will Probably Tackle R. R. Question. TIME EIPE FOR TEIS Democratic and Some Republican Leaders for Control. EXISTING FEDERAL ACTS FAIL McCleary of Minnesota the Best Equipped CoiiKreßMinan to Deal With This Subject. -*V»m Thm Journal Buremu. Mourn -AS. Ttt tututjtf, TTashluaton. Washington, Nov. 22. —Government own ership of railways is a subject which is likely to command a larger share of at tention from this congress than was anti cipated by the leaders of either party. Recent developments in the line of rail way consolidation, and more particularly the organization of the Northern Securi ties company, have convinced democratic leaders here and also some republican leaders that there must be some legisla tion looking to the federal control of rail roads. The entire country has taken note of the fact that the new consolidation in the northwest has had the effect of stifling competition or the possibility of compe tition, between the two great trunk lines connecting the shippers of the middle west with the Pacific seaboard. The ulti mate end and purpose of the consolidation is to raise the freight rates. The only redress for the shippers is in congress. The states through which the two rail ways pass have local laws which it is claimed have been ,violated. There are constitutional and statutory prohibitions in all the states against one competing railway acquiring another competitive line. In ISSS J. J. Hill tried to acquire the Northern Pacific; an action was brought to prevent and the case went to the United States supreme court and was decided adversely to Hill. The present device of a corporation to absorb the se curities of the two lines is only another way to accomplish what he then tried to do. The action of Governor Van Sant of Minnesota, who promises to do all in his power to enforce the local laws, has at tracted the attention of the country at large, and the proceedings will be watched with the greatest interest. - Ffrtcral Lawi LtteleMN. In addition to being a violation of the state laws, the consolidation has called attention to the uselessness of the federal acts which are supposed to govern in such cases. There is supposed to be an anti-pooling law for the protection of the shipper. There is supposed to be an in terstate commerce commission with power to prevent abuses of this kind. As a mat ter of fact the pooling law is a dead let ter, and the interstate commerce commis sion is a deader thing than .the pooling law. Its vitality is exhausted when its members have drawn their salaries and uttered a feeble wail of protest at the im potence of the commission. Whatever may be the outcome of local actions at law, the fact has been brought home to wise men in both parties that the time is rapidly approaching when fed eral control of the railroads must be dis cussed by congress. Politicians believe it will be good politics; some financiers think it will be good economics. Several New York railroad owners have said that they would not object to the government taking over the railroad properties on a basli which will correspond to the bond purchasing which is now being done by the secretary of the treasury. They say if they can be assured of interest returns on their railroad holdings which will be equivalent to the interest on the govern m«st securities, and have their returns ANOTHER BAD RURLINGTON SMASH A Farmer Burned to Death in the Wreck —Nine Others Are Injured—A Heavy Cattle Train Breaks in Two. Special to The Journal. Sterling, 111., Nov. 22. —John J. Besse, a farmer living at Erie, 111., died an awful death near Walnut in a bad accident on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy rail road. A heavy stock train broke in two at the top of a steep grade on that road. The rear section, cut loose from the engine and part of the cars, ran down the grade, gathering headway as it ran, until it was thundering along like an avalanche. A freight train, in whose caboose were trav eling a number of passengers, lay direct ly in the path of the runaway train. There was a frightful crash. For an instant all was still, and then the groans of the injured and the shrieks of those who were fastened inextricably in the wreck, rose on the air. The five heavy stock cars were full of cattle, and the poor, doomed animals made the most frightful din with their bellowings. To make matters worse, fire broke out in the wreck, and in spite of all that could be done Besse was consumed in the flames. Nine others were injured, but all were taken from the wreck before the flames reached them. The injuries of two, G. M. Hunter, residence unknown, and A. W. Staley of Solon, lowa, are so serious that it cannot yet be told whether they will assured by the credit of the government, they would gladly forego the uncertain ties and harrassments which are insepar able from the present system of private ownership. It is too early as yet to say what turn will be taken in the discussion which will take place in congress. It w rill naturally be closely allied with the talk of trusts and their control. President Roosevelt has taken a real interest in this subject i and will handle it in his message. It is j not impossible that he will take notice I of the more recent phenomena in the rail- I road world, and it need cause no surprise if he suggests that congress give its at tention to remedies for the evils which he will call to their attention. The Shipping Interests. The allied shipping interests of the mid dle west have been preparing to renew their fight of last winter to have in creased powers given the interstate com merce commission. Their bill was de feated at the last session at the command of Senator Hanna, chairman of the repub lican national committee. Its defeat was a condition precedent to the contributions which the railroads were expected to make to the campaign fund. Senator Cullom, the father of the present commission, was then chairman of the senate committee on interstate commerce: now there is a new chairman, Stephen J. Elkins of West Vir ginia, a professional railroad promoter and proprietor. Little may be expected from that committee. The battle of the shippers is likely to take a new line this winter. Many repub licans are anxious to get into the game early, realizing that delay may permit the democrats to make it a party issue. They believe that the railroad situation, like the tariff, will best be handled by the railroads' friends. When congress takes up the question of government ownership of railroads, Con gressman McCleary of Minnesota, who studied the question last summer in Eu rope, going abroad with that idea in view, and who for years at home has given it close attention, will be in position to make himself a commanding figure. He had a "hunch" more than a year »go that the day was not far distant when this subject would come before congress, and so he wisely prepared himself in advance. Probably no man in either house of con gress is at present so well qualified to discuss the question as Mr. McCleery. —W. W. Jermane. A HARD MASTER. Brooklyn Eagle. Perdinka—l understand Mr. Binks plays the cornet. Lydecker—You have been misinformed. He works it. FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 22, 1901. recover or not. The complete list of the dead and injured is as follows: THE DEAD. BESSE, JOHN J., farmer, Erie, 111. THE INJURED. Baker, J. R., Pleasant Valley; lowa.; slight ly. Buck, Harry, lowa City, lowa.; head and legs injured. Carl, P. P., Bennett, Iowa; slightly. Donovan, Daniel, lowa City; slightly. Howson, F. H., Clinton, Iowa; severely cut about head. Hughes, Benjamin D., lowa City; slightly. Hunter, G. M., residence unknown; internal injuries; serious. Staley, A. W., Solon, Iowa; internal inju ries; serious. Swift, Charles, Morse, Iowa; slightly. Do They Come in Threes t This is the second bad accident on the Burlington within a few days, the other having occurred near Newport, Minn., where the north-bound limited passenger train going to Minneapolis crashed into a freight train. The passenger was go ing at full speed and the freight train, sup posed to have been sidetracked to let it pass, was carelessly left so near the main track that a collision was inevitable. By a miracle no one was seriously injured. Superstitions trainmen on the Burling ton, who have noticed that bad accident always occur in trios are wondering wheu and where the third one will occur and whether the good fortune which has pre vented a long death roll in the two that have already occurred wili hold good. crozieTlifted Appointed Chief of Ordnance and May Last Eigh teen Years. Washington, Nov. 22.—The president to day appointed William Crozier, chief of ordnance, with rank of bragadier general. The appointment was made largely upon the recommendation of Secretary Root. General Crozier has demonstrated his ability in nearly every department of ordnance and has shown a wide knowl edge of all affairs pertaining to his pro fession. He was the military member for the United States at The Hague peace conference and was largely instrumental in bringing about the agreement finally reached for more humane conduct of war. General Crozier is a native of Ohio and was appointed to the military academy from Kansas in 1872. When he graduated in 1876 he entered the artillery and was transferred to the ordnance in 1881. He became a captain after four years' serv ice in 1890. During the Spanish war he was appointed a major and inspector general. During his career as ordnance officer he has given strictest attention to guns and gun carriages and was a joint inventor with General Bufflngton, who re tired to-day, of the Bufflngton-Crozier disappearing gun-carriage. Some difference of opinion exists among army officers as to whether General Cro zier's appointment is permanent or whether it is a detail of four years under the army reorganization law. The opin ion of Judge Advocate General Davis is that the appointment is permanent. Gen eral Crozier will not retire until 1919 an <i if the contention is sustained that his ap pointment is permanent his term as chief of ordnance will be nearly eighteen years and will preclude the possibility of any of the ordnance officers who have heretofore ranked him reaching that grade before they retire. CALIFORNIA FED. BENCH It May Be Given an Over hauling by Congress. NO YES CASE RESULT What Will Follow if Judge Noyes Goes to Jail. IN THE ROLE OF PERSECUTORS HiiiH of the California Court Clearly Estublislietl In the Minds of CouKremtmen. frotn Tnes JT»urnai! Buremit, Xootn 45, i*«M MuUJlnu, \Vn*hingt»n. Washington, Nov. 22. —There are rumors of some action in congress this winter in the direction of an inquiry as to the j general character and trustworthiness of the federal bench in California. It is known that the desirability of aa investi gation is already being considered by j prominent men in both houses. Nothing i ! may come of It, but talk of this charac ter about United States judges is heard so seldom as to give it in the present case almost a sensational tinge. By a great many people the federal bench of California is believed, whether intentionally or not only the investigation j can establish, to have lent itself to the | : plans of the San Francisco capitalists ' who for more than a year have been pur ; suing Judge Noyes of the United States court in Alaska. First these men got i after Alex McKenzie, one of the officers j j of the Alaskan court, and sentenced him: Ito jail for a year for contempt. Next | they had Judge Noyes placed under ar ! rest, and he is now-struggling in San j Francisco to clear himself of a contempt ,! charge. The bias of the California court 1 ; is clearly established in the minds of a I good many men in congress, and it is their purpose to consult the attorney gen i eral of the United States for the purpose !of determining whether he entertains j opinions which harmonize with their own. j Naturally, these members have been friendly to McKenzie nad Noyes, but their familiarity with the contempt proceed- : ings is of a character to give their opin i ions some weight, independently of their j leanings. Should Noyes escape a jail sen tence it may be that nothing will be done, but should he be treated as McKenzie was, it is almost certain that his friends in congress ill try to bring about a gen- '. eral overhauling of the California federal judiciary. Iv- t'A*v' *■ • i ■• A" •" ? f '*.--, ■ < ' TAWNEY Congressman Tawney called on President Roose- SENT FOR. velt this morning at the . latter's request. While the conference was behind closed doors, it is understood the president wanted to '. read to Mr. Tawney, who is a member "of : the ways and means committee, that por j tlon of his message relating to reciprocity ; and the tariff. He is sending for ways and means members as fast as they reach the city. —W. W. Jermane. AViixliiiiK'tou Small Talk. Rev. Father Conaty of Grand Forks, N. D., Is spending a few days in Washington, the guest of Senator Hansbrough, who to-morrow morning will take him to see the president. The call will be merely to pay respects. Postmasters appointed: lowa—Max, O'Brien county, A. H. Holse. Montana—Garrison, Powell county, E. P. Shumaker. Wisconsin- Pine Knot, lowa county, Christopher S. An derson. BANULED A Liverpool Institution Loses $850,000 Through a Dis honest Employe. Liverpool, Nov. 22. —Announcement was made to-day that the Bank of Liverpool had been victimized by a trusted book keeper to a large amount. What the losses amount to is not yet known, but an offi cial statement issued by the bank says that through the dishonesty and betting transactions of a bookkeeper it may lose $850,000. The bank's shares fell £1 on the stock exchange to-day. The defaulter has not yet been arrested. TO SAVE HOWELL Skull of the Man He Mur dered Taken From the Grave. Special to The Journal. Helena, Mont., Nov. 22.—1n a desperate effort to save the neck of his client, Mil ton O. Howell, who is sentenced to be hanged at Lewistown. Fergus county, Dec. 13, E. W. Cort, his attorney, is said to have gone to the grave of Thomas Rose ling, the man Howell killed, dug up the body and procured the skull to prove that Howell did not shoot the man from be hind. This will be shown to Governor Toole next Monday, when Attorney Cort wil make a plea to have Howell's sen tence commuted to life imprisonment. Cort tried in vain to get an order from Judge Cheadle to produce the skull of the murdered man in court. Failing in this, he resorted to the desperate act of ex huming the body on his own responsibili ty. About 200 of tfae leading citizens of Fergus county have petitioned the gov ernor in Howell's behalf. CLERGUE SAYS SO Two New Boats for the Algoma Cen tral Steamship Company. Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., Nov. 22.— F. H. Clergue announced to-day that the Algo ma Central Steamship company would put on two new passenger and freight steam ers between the Soo and Windsor, Ont., i next season. SHIP GRAB ABANDONED Friends of the Subsidy Bill Throw Up the Sponge. ENMITY IS TOO STRONG Abandonment of the Idea as a Party Measure Necessary. MISSISSIPPI VALLEY MEASURE Members From This Region May In troduce Their Bill and Separate Measure May I'ollow. Mew York Sun Saseial Sorv.'ca Washington, Nov. 22.—Opposition to the ship subsidy bill has developed to such an extent during the last sixty days that, in the opinion of many persons supposed to be informed, no determined effort will be made at this session of congress to pass the measure. In fact, there is a rumor current that a conference was recently held between the active promoters of the subsidy scheme at which it was practi cally decided to abandon the whole proj ect for the present. The situation was carefully gone over and it was positively decided, it is said, that it would be impos sible to put the subsidy scheme before the i people as a republican party measure. There was, it is believed, some differ ence of opinion among the promoters as J to whether the whole matter should be | dropped, but there was no question as to j the necessity of abandoning the idea of making it a party measure. It is sail the conference considered the i feasibility of abandoning the original idea entirely, allowing the Mississippi valley j members to introduce their bill for a j subsidy based solely on actual freight j carried without regard to time, and then pass a separate bill carrying a large bonu? for transporting the trans-Atlantic and j trans-Pacific mail. This latter scheme j would be exclusively profitable to the | American line in the east and the Pacific ! Mail company in the west, which were the two corporations intended to be benefited by the original ship subsidy scheme. CONSPIRACY Castro of Venezuela Has His War Minister Ar rested. Caracas, Venezuela, Nov. 22.—President Castro, believing that a oc»spiracy to overthrow him existed, caused the arrest to-day at Puerto Cabello of Ramon Guer ra, the minister of war. The president also brought about the arrest at Caracas of a number of partizans of Ramon Guer ra, among them being Montauban, who claims to be a French citizen. The ar rests have caused a great sensation. Joa chim Garido succeeds Ramon Guerra as minister of war. PROHIBITION Liquor Act in Manitoba Up held by the Imperial Privy Council. Special to The Journal. Winnipeg, Man., Nov. 22.—The liquor act has been upheld by the imperial privy ccuncil and prohibition in Manitoba will follow. Confirmed by London. London, Nov. 22.—1n the appeal case of the attorney general of Manitoba vs. the Manitoba License Holders' association, the privy council has decided that the legislature of Manitoba has jurisdiction to enact a liquor law. ONISTHMHS Colombian Government Can not Guarantee Protection for Transit. Colon, Colombia, Nov. 22.—1t is reported that the government has addressed a com munication to the United States consul setting forth that it cannot guarantee pro tection for isthmian transit. Two sailing boats having seventy sol diders on board, which left Panama with General Alban, returned to that place at 3 p. m. yesterday and General Alban and fifty soldiers arrived there on board the gunboat Boyaca at 7 p .m. The liberals here assert that General Lorenzo attacked General Alban's force after it had lauded at Chame. near Chor rera, and defeated it, only General Alban and a few of his troops escaping. It is also claimed by the liberals that the other division of General Alban's army was routed by General Lugo, when 400 of Al ban's troops joined the liberal ranks. The liberals at Colon are jubilant and assert that they expect General Lugo to arrive at Colon momentarily. Further details of the later decisive fighting are expected at Panama at any moment. New York, Nov. 22. — Consul-General Arthur O. D. Brigard, of Colombia, re ceived a cablegram to-day from General Charles Alban, governor of the depart ment of Panama. The cable stated that General Alban would attack the insurg ents under General Domingo Diaz to-day at Chorrera and Alban promised, if suc cessful in routing them, to proceed to Colon and retake that city. The consul general regards the outcome of to-day's fight as highly important. If General Diaz should conquer, the entire isthmus -will be in the bands of the liberal-in surgent party. 20 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK. IS COMPETITION A VITAL FACTOR? The Average Citizen Seems to Think It Is, When Considering North ern Securities Merger. Imposing Financial Magnitude of the Combine Makes Critics Cautious —Van Sant to Governors •.■•■-■' ' :.._' <?ysx$><$'<$><$><s><S><$><$'<$^ ♦ <$> <?> ATTRIBUTED TO HILL. <J» <$> Special to The Journal. <$> <S> New York, Nov. 22.—The Harriman-Rockefeller-Vanderbilt representa- <$> <$> tives in the big railroad consolidation affirm emphatically t\at they do not <3> <«> approve the attack on Minnesota's ernor and legislature and that they ■♦* <?> condemn such a course. <^ <$> The attacks are attributed to Mr. Hill. <3> <$> • The general public has a settled con viction that James J. Hill's big consoli dation scheme is fraught with danger to the northwest. The average man believes that Mr. Hill's plan is not only to elimi nate competition between railroads but to force the people and the industries of the northwest to help pay dividends on watered stock. Tne average man in Min neapolis makes that thought prominent in all of his cemment. The public, as a general proposition, is fully convinced that the Northern Securities company represents simply the ambition of Mr. Hill for more power in the transportation world. It is willing to give him credit for good intentions but it also believes that in spite of intentions, the people and the industries of the northwest will be forced to pay extra tribute to the rail roads as a result of one man power. The common, every day citizen whom you meet on the street or in the various avenues of employment has no regard for the argument that it is the corporations that are making America great. The theory that this big transportation com bine will carry the products of America to the orient at a rate that will enable the United States to compete for that trade he regards as attractive, but he also says that in the meantime we are placing too much power in the hands of I the transportation kings at home. He | distrusts the plans of Morgan, Hill and Harriman on this ground. Talk with the men at the bench in the factory, at the desks in the offices, or behind the truck in the wholesale houses and nine out of ten will tell you that something must be done to hold the trusts down and that the government must do It. Government ownership of railroads is not favored but they do believe that there should be gov ernment regulation of trust and trans portation affairs. It may be true that all these men are not Bkilled in the art of analyzing financial and commercial propo sitions but it is true that, collectively, they have distinct ideas as to what they want; and they have votes. Opposition Is Hard Headed. There is no disposition on the part of the public to grow hysterical over Mr. Hill's latest maneuver. The formation of big trusts and their steady accumulation, of wealth and influence in the markets of the country has been a 'feature of indus trial progress closely followed by many. The average man seems to believe that the time must come when the people through the government will be forced to exercise strict supervision over some of the big combinations. The public be lieves that the occasion may already have arrived. In the language of a Minneapolis attorney: "James J. Hill's transportation trust is the first big stepping stone to strict gov ernment supervision of the big combina tions." What has been said of thwarting the purpose of the Northern Securities company meets with the hearty approval of the common citizen. He believes in holding such combinations in check, and in the government pulling a tighter rein over their future actions. This sentiment is not of mushroom growth. It has been developing in Minneapolis and the north west for years. Kliinf nation of Competition. Among shippers and professional men who have given the question more than passing attention, there is much dis cussion as to what the elimination of competition between railroads really means to the northwest. The theory that big business combinations have been a real benefit instead of a harm to the country, and that the old theory that com petition is the life of trade must be modified, has a following among Minne apolis business men. They maintain that it requires big combinations to transact the business of the country and keep it within hailing distance in the race for commercial supremacy. Combinations re duce expense and thus in turn has its ef fect on the prices paid by the people. Discovery in Telegraphy Boulder, Col., Nov. 22. — William Duane. professor of physics at the etata university, has just been granted a patent for an invention by which a large num ber of telegraph messages can be sent over one wire and return at the same time. In the physical laboratory .at the university, it is said, he has had as many aa eighteen circuits working on the same wire and return all at the same time. On any of these circuits the Morse instrument can be placed and used exactly as \»ith the single - wire - now ■in ua«. Dr. - Duane's invention is based on the principle ot synchronizing motera. , Those who hold this view are in the min ority. The sentiment expressed by the majority is that competition is necessary and especially in transportation. They realize the force of the argument that the elimination of competition gives sta bility to rates and presents discrimina tion, but they are afraid of the experi ment in its other phases. Few men are without opinions on thia feature of railway consolidation, but the percentage who are willing to come out in the open and say what they think is small. The man who believes that there are some benefits to accrue from consoli dation is not talking for -publication, be cause he fears to make a stand on that ground against the flood of popular senti ment. It is also a fact that many busi ness men of prominence who down in their hearts feel that the Morgan-Hill-Harriman plans are a menace to the best interests of the country are timid about making the statement. They do not wish to in cur the disfavor of these or any other cor porations. The transportation companies are the foundation of the entire business structure in the west. The lawyer re gards them as the best possible clients. Many members of the legal profusion hope some day to secure some of the legal business of the big corporations. Many Cautions Critics. As earnest and conscientious a citizen and as good a lawyer as there is in Minneapolis said: There is no question but that, inch by inch, these big corporations are lapping over onto the rights of the people, as water gradually creeps farther on the shore with the tide. They are doing it under the cover of our laws, aided by ingenious counsel. I believe that the -common people realize it and that there is a volcano of sentiment that will belch forth its disapproval in the not far dis tant future. James J. Hill may have fur nished the occasion. I am not saying this for publication. lam in the law business and I may be employed by some of the corpora tions. Ttaese corporations are the best pay ing clients, and what may seem to be my duty as a citizen in putting myself on rec ord against this move, would not be reck oned good business policy. Many shippers during the past few day* have been willing to indulge in heart-to heart talks but object to going on record. These men say that transportation is a big element in their business, and as long as they are forced to do business with the railroads it is foolish to antagonize them by expressing any general senti ment against consolidation. The ma jority of this element believe that while consolidation is an experiment and its effects cannot be foretold, the principle of eliminating competition between car riers as wrong. The "Stability" Argument. There is a considerable element among men who are close students of conditions and business problems which takes a con servative view of the Northern Securities company, and its purpose. These men say: No opinion on the purpose and plans of the Northern Securities company formed on our present insufficient knowledge of that corpo ration and its aims, can be of value. Wait until we know more about it. As a general proposition, we do not regard this big railroad merger with alarm. It will eliminate competition between carriers to a certain extent, but as a result, we will get stability of rates. The small shipper will uot be paying more for the same service tha ■ ' '<. larger shipper, which is oftentimes the case' under present conditions. There is much talk about arbitrary action in rates that conies from ignorance. Neither James J. Hill nor any other man or set of men dominating the transportation world would raise rates. The natural tendency of rates is downward, and it will continue so in spite of any combinations that may be made. The people do not. recognize one important point—that rates cannot be arbitrarily made by any one man or set of men. The traffic man must yield to conditions in rate-making. It is not so much a result of competition be tween carriers as between conditions and cir cumstanced. The railroad bases its rate oa the ability of the traffic to pay; and the cir cumstances and conditions surrounding the markets of the country, and the regular laws of trade, are prime factors in rate changes. Conditions in rate-making have always been superior to men. For that reason the idea that traffic managers raise or lower rates at their own volition Is wrong. Rates