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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
PRICE TWO CENTS. 2 f I @? SEAS6H". > PROCLAJWJONJ > | I THE SURVIVORS. | Z And We Yet Live to Tell the Tale. I v»> p? *y^V«>__V«_t_S__S_^ew__w_-__--_^_.>_A^-__.y_ __.._. >_'__ >?.>*--^.^.__^__...._.v__-^.^._____.^ A aaaaaa .. >. a >._-> _■_ _* _». >«. >. *. *_». _». X THE CROWDED CAR NUISANCE Complaint Is General and Conditions Seem to Warrant All That Has Been Said Patience not on a monument but cling ing to a swaying strap! In any Minneapolis street car the de sirability of the monument as against the strap becomes plainly apparent. Also the greater forbearance of the patience that submits to the strap is strongly accen tuated. For months the people of Minneapolis have quietly accepted street car conditions which entailed discomfort, inconvenience, delays and in some cases positive physical suffering. Here and there there have been mutterings In regard to the crowded cars, in some cases there have been neigh borhood meetings, and also in some cases there has been some remedial action on the part of the company. But for the most part the mutterings have been in dividual and the Improvement of the serv ice has been inadequate. On a majority of the Minneapolis street car lines it is safe to say that during cer tain hours the service given fails to pro vide adequate accommodation for from 20 to 50 per cent of the traffic. This is not guess work. Careful observations have been made and in some cars it has been found that there are practically as many passengers on the straps as there are in the seats. For a smaller number of people the present service might be excellent. As it is, the Twin City Rapid Transit com pany seems to be endangering Its well known reputation for being considerate of its patrons and up to date in its methods. Complaint si General. Residents of the Eighth ward who, through their aldermen, have voiced a formal protest against the crowded condi tion of street cars during the rush hours of travel, are not alone in their griev ance against the Twin City Rapid Transit management. There is not a line in the city on which an adequate service is maintained either during the early morn ing hours or during the evening rush. On most lines the cars leaving downtown points between the hours of 5 and 6:30 p. m. carry as many passengers standing as sitting. The reason for this is easy of explana tion; the excuse 'for its being permitted is more difficult. For the past few years Twin City Rapid Transit stock has climbed steadily until now it is above par. Its earnings have grown and its dividends have increased, where eight years ago there were no dividends. These dividends are paid by "strap-holders," by men and women who pay the company's conductor a nickel for the privilege of being pushed, jammed and crowded into a space designed originally to accommodate only a fraction of their number; who pay a nickel for the privi lege of being called upon to "step up in front" and to "crowd up in the aisle, please" until cars that have a seating ca pacity of about fifty are loaded down with twice that number. Not Only at Evening:. Moreover, on many lines this condition exists not only during the evening rush, when more or less crowding is unavoid able even by the best management but also at noon and in the morning. Natur ally fewer cars mean less f expense to the company, and as the people must get to their homes they crowd into the cars supplied and seem to take a malicious de light in tramping on the feet of their fel low unfortunates, a proceeding which is THE SURVIVORS. And We Yet Live to Tell the Tale. not unlike the old device of "taking it out on the dog." During, the busy hours the worst crowd ed lines are the Como-Interurban, . the First avenue lines, the Eighth and Cen tral and the Minnehaha. Other lines are bad enough, but those named are the worst.- When a car leaves the down town district on one of them the passengers in side are packed, to use a familiar expres sion, like sardines in a box. In fact, it is a .question If the sardines haven't the best of it. Men, and women" too, wearied by the work of the day, are compelled to hang on to a strap so that the company may pay dividends, and the city council, which could remedy the matter at least in part, has done nothing up to date. The Four Cent Fare. This evil of crowded cars is more pro nounced here than anywhere else in the country. Even Chicago would not submit to such conditions. There the street car companies have come in for considerable criticism regarding crowded cars, and a measure is now pending in the Chicago city council to fix the fare of passengers who stand at 4 instead of 5 cents. How ever, conditions in the windy city have never been so had as they ere to-day in Minneapolis. In this 4-cent fare proposition munici palities may discover a way to obviate the nuisance. While this reduction is small in itself it means a falling off of 20 per cent in the gross earnings from peo ple who are unprovided with seats, and it is reasonable to suppose, therefore, that it would mean better accommodations, more cars and an increased regard for the company's patrons. - . For the past few days The Journal has been watching the street car situation with some care and for the benefit of the "strap-holders" some results of these ob servations will be published in subse quent articles. . FATAL DUEL Illinois Men Fight With Pis tols, Having Quarreled Over a Woman. Dubois. 111., Nov. 29.—Charles Evilsizer the city marshal, and Henry Cameron of Ashley, fought a pistol duel at a ball last night. -Evilsizer received, three wounds and Cameron four. Both will probably die. The shooting resulted over a quarrel over a woman. PAPAL DELEGATE Bishop Zardetti, Formerly of St. Cloud, Minn., to Be Highly Honored. Special to The Journal. New York, Nov. 29.—A letter from one of the dignitaries of the Vatican at Rome says Monsignor Falconio, papal delegate to Canada, will surely succeed Martinelli at-Washington. Falconio's successor in Canada will be Monsignor Zardetti, titular archbishop of Mocessum, formerly bishop of St. Cloud. Minn. FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 29, 1901. EVENTS AT COLON MOVE Two Days of Fighting and Surrendering. > LIBERALS .ARE BEATEN Government Forces Are in Posses- sion of the City. THE TRANSFER EXPECTED TO-DAY Gen. Francisco Castro, Leader of Government Troops, Killed in Battle. Washington, Nov. 29.—A cablegram has been received at the state department from Consul General Gudger, dated Pana ma, saying that the liberals have been defeated and that the government forces are in oossession of Colon. The secretary of the Panama Railroad & Steamship company in New York to-day recieved a cable dispatch from the agents of the company at Colon which read: "Trouble settled." Colon, Nov. 29, 11 a. m.—The captains I of the warships with a large detachment of their respective forces are now taking over the government of Colon from the liberals and will hand over the same later in the day to General Alban, commander of the Colombian government forces. Everything is quiet and orderly here. Some insignificant fighting occurred at Bohio yesterday morning, where the liber als made a last stand. After the con ference here yesterday General Alban re turned to Panama under a strong Ameri can escort. General Francesco Castro was wounded in the engagement at Buena Vista. j AMERICAN OCCUPATION The Colombians Borrowing Large Amounts of Unnecessary Trouble. Washington, Nov. 29.—Some of the re ports reaching here show that there is apprehension on the part of some of the Colombians on the isthmus, including men of considerable influence, as ta the stay of the American marines. It has come to .the knowledge of officials here that many wild rumors have been circulated on the isthmus, some of them going to the extent of aserting that the United States forces, having landed, would not be withdrawn. Thes ereports have led to inquiries be tween Panama and Washington, bringing out responses that the rumored American occupation was wholly imaginary and that the most positive and definite assurances had bene given that immediately upon the fulfillment of this government's obligation to keep open the traffic, our forces would be debarked and all. American authority would be terminated. This purpose of the authorities here has been made known to those in influence on the isthmus and has served to allay the fears caused by re ports of American occupation. General Castro Killed. Colon, Colombia, Nov. 29. — General Francisco Castro, who led the govern ment troops at the capture of Barbacoas bridge on Tuesday, was killed early this morning during an engagement with an Insurgent force at Bohia Soldado. General Castro had been acting as sec ond in command of the government force on the Isthmus. According to the insurgents, there were about one hundred federal troops killed and wounded in the fight in which Castro j met his death. j:-:. Ocean. Vessels. - Hamburg— Phoenicia, from New York. Havre—Arrived: La Bretagne. from New i York. .!■ •,.- ... 1 NUMBER 3 IiUIdM 0 MUST WAIT No Third Interurban Likely in 1902. THUS QUOTH MR. LOWRY Some Straight Talk About the Rail road Merger. COMPETITION IS NECESSARY Hill May Guard the Xorthvreat, but la Not Immortal—Soo Remains Independent. Thomas Lowry, president of the Soo railway system, and head of -the Twin City Rapid. Transit company, returned this morning from New York. Mr. Lowry said that his trip east had no connection with construction plans of the street rail way system for next year as had been re ported. He said that the general policy of reconstruction followed by the street railway company for many years would be continued next year, and that this means a large outlay of money as has been the case during the present year. Twin City Rapid Transit improvements for this year, he said, would cost over $600,000. "« For many years the annual expenditure has been from $300,000 to $600,000. This year the company has added sixty-two new cars to its equipment at a cost o_ $6,000 each. He says that the big cars are being placed on all lines as fast as possible. No Third Interburban in IDO_. "The story that I went east to attend a meeting of the directors of the Twin City company Is wrong," said Mr. Lowry. "There was nothing to demand'such, a conference. No decision has*been reached as to the building of the third interurban line. That it will be built during 1902 is not probable. The Minnetonka line will not be built next year.," Mr. Lowry admitted that the next inter urban line would pro__bly be an extension of the Selby avenue line in St. Paul across the Lake street bridge and from there across town to the Harriet line by way of Thirty-first street, as has been predicted." He said that while in the east he had given no interview nor made any state ment that this line was to toe built soon. Talk* About the Merger. Mr. Lowry was asked whether he con sidered the Northern Securities merger actual railroad consolidation. He said that that was a legal proposition, a ques tion for the lawyers.. He did not, how ever, think it would affect the acti'. 1 op eration of the ro*ds < .volved. / - In answer to the question; if the elim ination of railway competition in the northwest, which was the end sought in the organization of the Northern Secu rities company, was detrimental to the interests of the northwest, Mr. Lowry said: "Generally speaking the elimination of competition is detrimental to the inter ests of the country—or the theory of all of our laws is wrong." There was cited to Mr. Lowry the ar gument that the life work of James J. Hill, president of the Northern Securities company, had been the development and improvement of the northwest; that his policy toward northwestern interests had never been destructive; that having been instrumental in developing the territory traversed by these lines, he could be de pended upon for a just policy toward, it in future, notwithstanding the fact that he might have absolute power in trans portation affairs in the northwest. Mr. Lowry answered: Mr. Hill Great, but Hot Immortal. "Mr. Hill is undoubtedly a great man. He has done much tor the northwest. But as a question of general policy, I cannot bring myself to believe that placing the northwest under the power of one man or set of men is anything but wrong. Grant ing all that is said in favor of Mr. Hill, and his good intentions toward the north west, it must be remembered that he will not live always, and thus the northwest would have no real security for the future." '" "There have been reports, Mr. - Lowry, that the Soo and the Canadian Pacific were to be brought.under the influence of the persons represented in the 'community of interest' arrangement. Is there any foundation for this talk?" Sou to Remain . Independent. ■ -• "None that I know of. As far as I know, such a state of affairs is not probable. I think its results would be detrimental to this section. As long as the Soo remains independent, the.northwest is assured that competition between railroad systems is not to be entirely eliminated, and the Soo as an independent system has bright pros pects." Mr. Lowry said that he spent but a few moments with President Roosevelt while in Washington and that he did not men tion the Northern Securities merger nor any kindred subject as had been reported in some papers. General Manager E. E. Pennington, of the Soo, said that he did not believe that the "community of interest" as applied to the three roads in which Mr. Hill is interested would result in any detriment to the northwest. He said that the tend ency of rates was downward; that rates have been reduced 50 per cent since 1880; and that any attempt toward unreasonable action on the part of the roads would re sult, in the construction of new lines. There were many influences, he said, which would dictate a just policy on the part of the roads. President Lowry said that Soo exten sion plans for next year were not com plete. The program had not been de cided upon. Second. Sight. Jones—Funny thing, I - can't ever get Strong to see me mornings. Brown—Never . mind, he'll make up for It by seeing you twice afternoons. He usually sees double by that time.Detroit I Free Press. . -A PEACE IN BIG NINE But There May Be Fireworks Yet. CARLISLE NO COLLEGE Movement to Bar Her Men Yet to Be Made. GOPHER-BADGER GAME FOR 1902 a - It Seems Certain— of Opening Caaei Air* Men on Both Teama. Prom a Staff Corespondent. Chicago, 111., Nov. 29.The members of the "Big Nine" conference in session this morning were as quiet as Quakers. There wasn't even the suggestion of a storm or a split such as had been rashly predicted between Wisconsin and Minne sota. H. J. Barton, of Illinois, was chairman, and F. S. Jones, of Minnesota, secretary, All. of the universities were represented. Professor Waldo, of Purdue, the arbi trator, reported on three colleagues. Al legheny, he declared, was a college^ un der the conference rules; Dixon and Carlisle were not. . The Carlisle decision was rendered in connection with Nebras ka's protest of Rogers, of Minnesota. The most important work of the morn ing was a decision to interpret the four year rule as applying to baseball, football and track athletics combined. The. re ports of the I. C. C. A. were to be taken up this afternoon and evening. There is much to do and friction is not impossible. Wisconsin is said here* to have a fat yellow envelope full of evi dence against Minnesota football players, presumably Dobie, chiefly for profession alism. If it is opened, it is possible that Minnesota may open something relating to Wisconsin players, and the sympathies of the "Big Nine" members generally are understood to be with Minnesota. That Wisconsin and Minnesota will not play next year is hardly likely. Dr. Wil- j liams and Manager Kilpatrick, of Wis consin, har a talk to-day, after which Dr. Williams said that all talk of rupture,be tween the two institutions was without ground. "From this it may be assumed that the gopher-badger game.will be the big football event in Minneapolis next fall. Minnesota will also play lowa, and it will not be surprising if Minnesota and Chicago meet, :in view of the warm friendship between Williams and Stagg. Mueller and Sehreiber > Oa«ea. It is certain that the Mueller and I Schreiber cases wil come up. Wisconsin is hoping for Schreiber's reinstatement. It can hardly be obtained without Muel ler's reinstatement. One of the strong forces against both is Stagg of Chicago, who is expected to introduce an Iron clad rule against any participation by col lege athletes in summer vacation sports. He will meet opposition. Purdue and Indiana especially are said to favor less stringent rules. They are said to regard some of the big institutions as trying to freeze them out, so a contest may be looked for. There is strong sentiment in some quarters against allowing ex-Carlisle men to play except under a rule recognizing Carlisle, in athletics at least, as a col lege. This is yet to come up. A W-soonsin-Michitcan Game. Wisconsin is trying to arrange a game with Michigan for next year and will doubtless succeed as Michigan seems will ing. The fight of Michigan against Chi cago and Staffff is still on. Despite Stagg's criticism of the two institutions i for playing in Chicago yesterday, Michi gan and lowa have arranged to meet in : Chicago next Thanksgiving day. i —W. P. Kirkwood. I SOON TO GO Sheriff Megaarden Will Prob ably Be Suspended From Office To-morrow. Sheriff Megaarden will probably be sus pended from office , to-morrow morning by Governor Van Sant, who will then appoint a commission to investigate the charges made by Public Examiner Pope. Action was deferred to-day pending Work on copies of the report. The govern or's stenographer is striking off four ex tra copies for use- at the hearing. IN CONTEMPT Director of Boston and Mon tana Co. in Federal Mar shal's Custody. New York, Nov. Judge Lacombe, in the United States circuit court, made an order to-day holding Anson R. Flower, a director of the Boston and Montana Cop per and Silver Mining company, guilty of contempt of court and committing him to the (custody of United States Marshal Henkel until he shall answer before the commission in a suit brought by John MacGulnness against the company. On the motion of counsel for the directors of the company a stay was granted pending an appeal to the United States circuit court of appeals. fafl__Bffi The case of Mr. Flower was by agree ment made a test one as affecting Wil liam D. Rockefeller, Henry H. Rogers, J. P. Mcintosh, Frederic P. Olcott, James Stillman and Leonard Lewisohn, his fel low directors in the -Boston & Montana company. The action was commenced In Montana and an order issued for the tak ing of certain evidence here by the com mission. Mr. Flower'alone appeared be fore .the commissioners and by advice of counsel declined to answer the questions , put to him. 20 PA&ES-FIVE O'CLOCK, THE G.N. TAKES LAST OF ITS BIG GRANT Lands Involved Had Grown in Value and the Road Finally Accepted Them— Sold. Ends a Historic Squabble and Opens an Enormous Agricultural Tract for Immediate Settlement. The state of Minnesota has paid its last debt to the Great Northern railway com pany. After six weeks of negotiations State Auditor Dunn to-day closed up the famous 'Bierma_r__and grant deal. He deeded 272,000 acres of state land to the com- pany. | The deed was delivered at the Great Northern land office this morning and accepted. This immense tract has already been bought from the Great Northern by F. E. Kenaston of Minneapolis and O. A. Rob ertson of St. Paul. It is a spot cash trans action, and the purchase price is con siderably over half a million dollars. It' is the largest cash purchase of land ever made in the northwest. This land has been tied up in litigation for seven years, claimed by no one. It is now thrown open for settlement. Messrs. Kenaston and Robertson are president and general manager of the Minnesota Land and Colo nization company, which will put the vari ous tracts on the market immediately. The Biermann land grant has been a nightmare to state officials and a fruitful source of trouble. The Great Northern railway was enti tled to ten sections of land for each mile of road built under the act of 1865. In 1894 all the selections had been made except for the St. Cloud and Hlnkley branch. The company was entitled to 425,664 acres, and had already taken .about. 160,000. ./_;;., ..-■-.. Company Refused It. Adolph Biermann, then "-'state - auditor, denied the right of the company to make Its own selection of lands, and arbitrarily picked out 271,565.94 acres, supposing that filled the grant. The company refused to accept the deed. When R. C. Dunn came into office a few months later he upheld his predecessor. He found, however, that considerable land had been deeded twice, and that the com pany was entitled to some 15,000 acres more. This he deeded to them, and con tended that the grant had been filled. To all inquiry about the land he referred in quirers to the Great Northern land depart ment. They were from there referred back to the state auditor. Neither claimed the land. There were 120,000 acres in Aitkin county alone, and the dispute caused much hardship, retarding the set tlement of the county. Governor Clough sided with the railway company. Shortly before leaving office he wrote "canceled" on the back of the Bier mann deeds and deeded the company 1,023 acres, in order to force the state into litigation over it. Attorney General Douglas declined to be drawn into a legal controversy, fearing the outcome. • The legislature instructed him to bring suit to cancel the Clough deed. This action was taken in 1899 and again in 1901, but the attorney general de clined to act. Meanwhile the available state land was rapidly taken up. About six weeks ago Mr. Dunn presented figures to the Great Northern company, showing that if the Biermann deed were set aside they would nevertheless have to take about two thirds of the tract in order to file their grant. Dunn Finds a Purchaser. Mr. Biermann thought he was selecting the poorest land he could find, but since 1894 it has been found that much of the tract is valuable for agricultural purposes, and drainage will make the rest of it high class property. Consequently the Great - Northern offi cials turned a willing ear to a prospect of settlement. To make sure Mr. Dunn em ployed his well known talents as a land salesman, and found purchasers for the land:" Messrs. Kenaston and Robertson agreed to buy it If the Great Northern ac cepted it and gave them clear title. M. D. Grover, general solicitor for the road, and L. W. Hill agreed to the terms and the consent of James J. Hill was se cured by wire. The Biermann deed, however, was not accepted, and the Great Northern was not forced to surrender its contention. It was found that the Biermann deed was still a little short of the required amount. There were 272,015 acres due the com pany, and Biermann had only deeded 271, --565. The Clough deed had already been entered, so it was allowed to stand, and 574 acres were stricken off the original Biermann grant. With this difference the land conveyed was the original Biermann selection. Goes on the Tax Lists. The land is now taxable In the various counties, and the state will receive rev- Reached a Hundred and Sixty Years : Rio Janeiro, Brazil, Nov. 29.—Maria Luisa, a negress, 160 years old, is dead. Sh« was the last representative of the slaves who were imported directly from Africa. « enue from it. It will also be opened for settlement. Nearly half the land is in Aitkin coun ty. The rest is in Carlton, Cass, Itasca* Crow Wing, Wadena, Otter Tail, Becker, I Hubbard and Beltrami. Most of the land is well adapted for dairying and stock raising. It will go on the market at i something like $5 an acre, easy payments. F. F. Lynch, assistant general manager of the land company, said this morning that the land would immediately be of i fered to settlers. About eighteen months ago this company bought 600,000 acres of land in central Minnesota from the Northern Pacific, and all of it has been disposed of, except about 12,000 acres on the iron range, retained on account of Its mineral prospects. bit one: MORE! CASE Only the Duluth & Iron Range Grant (Remains. Settlement of the Great Northern land grant to-day leaves only one case in the hands of State Auditor Dunn. This is the grant of the Duluth & Iron Range, which lies in St. Louis, Lake and Cook counties. The grant was determined by a decree of United States court, issued by Judge Lochren. Owing to a mistake of the attorneys on both sides, the decree in cluded about 40,000 acres of state institu tion and state school lands, which the state has no right to deed away. The court's decree has been accepted as final, but the state auditor has been try ing to adjust the matter with the railroad company, so as to secure the school land, some of which has valuable ore deposits. His request will be considered to-mor row at a meeting of the board of directors in Duluth. Mr. Dunn hopes for favorable action, which will enable him to- go out of the land grant business. IN THE NEW CIRCUIT Minneapolis Will Have a Club in American Association. BEALL GETS THE FRANCHISE He Will Probably Secure Walter Wilmot' as Manager-Chi cago Turned Down. Special to The Journal. Chicago, Nov. Minneapolis will be represented in the new American Asso ciation, which was formally organized here to-day. The circuit will be made up as follows: Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Toledo, Colum bus, Kansas City, Omaha, Minneapolis and St. Paul. , ,v The new association will be affiliated with the National league. W. H. Wat kins and H. D. Quinn were appointed a committee on by-laws and constitution. Each club deposited $500 as a guarantee of good faith. A. R. Beall of Minneapolis was given a franchise in that city. He will endeavor to secure Walter Wilmot for manager. Milwaukee wanted him, but waived its claim to Mr. Beall. Milwaukee will proably secure Pitcher Willie Reldy as manager. Cincinnati, Chicago and Louisville ap plied for franchises, but were not suc cessful. * IN A TUNNEL One Man Killed in a Collision of North Western Freight Trains. La Crosse, Wis., Nov. 29.—A wreck la which one man was killed and another, slightly injured occurred on the Chicago & North-Western road at the west en trance of tunnel No. 3, between Sparta and Summit at a late hour last night. " Freight train No. 78 east-bound stalled in the tunnel and the engine crew on ac count of smoke and gas were obliged to cut the engine from the train to escape. The air brakes released themselves al lowing the train to back down the steep grade, striking a special freight that .was Just entering the*" tunnel. \__ G. E. Saunderson, a stock man of Trem i pealeau, Wis., who was in charge of blooded stock', for the Chicago live stock show, was instantly killed and one brake man slightly injured. Traffic was blocked I several hours. I > / GAME WARDEN NOT SHOT Bissinger Known to Have Escaped the Hunters' Bullets. Chilton, Wis., Nov. 29.—The report that Game Warden Frank Bisisnger was fatal-* ly shot by hunters on the marsh east of Hayton turns out to be untrue. He is alive and well and is at his home ia Green Bay, Wis.