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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, November 30, 1901, Image 18

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TEACHERS OF A NATION COMING HERE
|N securing the annual convention
of the 'National Educational as-
IBB"_B|N sociation, the annual convention
of the National Educational as
sociation, Minneapolis has a
grand opportunity to dlstln
_____s______J guish herself next year. Will
she take advantage of this opportunity to
advertise to the world her educational and
industrial resources, or allow lt to go
by default? This is the question which
the prime movers in the work of securing
the convention are already anxiously ask
ing each other.
Those who were instrumental in landing
this most Important of conventions which,
properly appreciated, will redound greatly
to tho benefit of the city, are earnestly
hoping that the handling of the big meet
ing will not toe an instance of "where Min
neapolis falls down."
If the city arises to the occasion, it will
be a glorious chance for Minneapolis to
reap the rewards of that kind of adver
tising which is of particular value at
present. Equally strong is the convic
tion borne in upon those to whom the
conviction is of particular moment, that
if the task of entertaining the thousands
of school teachers and educational leaders
who will flock to the city at that time is
undertaken in a half-hearted manner, the
city will be unfortunate In having been
selected as the meeting place for such a
distinguished gathering. Without a right
appreciation of the paramount Importance
of making a good impression upon the dis
criminating visitors who are to be the
Wty's guests, Minneapolis' reputation as a
progressive "convention" city will be
damaged in a corresponding degree.
In that event those who like to boast
that Minneapolis stands for what ls best
in American municipal life will 'be forced
to hang their heads in shame. While
there is no likelihood of such a condition
obtaining as will cause any loyal 'Minne
apolltan to regret that the convention is
to be held here, it is well for every one
In any wise interested in the success of
tho convention to begin work early to the
end that Minneapolis may make the best
possible showing when viewed through a
school ma'am's critical spectacles.
Must Hold Our Ground.
•A, fact which must constantly be borne
!n mind is that Minneapolis at least can
not afford to suffer in comparison with
other cities which have had the honor of
entertaining the association.
Detroit set a pace last year in enter
taining the convention which Minneapolis
will do well to emulate, and which will
necessitate Incessant hustling from now
on. In the matter of municipal cleanli
ness it will bo a very difficult task for
Minneapolis to equal Detroit, unless there
Is a marked improvement in that regard.
The . city must put on its best bib and
tucker, remove all eyesores which are not
of such a permanent nature that they
cannot be effaced within a year and, in
fact, prepare for a general municipal
house cleaning. If such reforms as the
introduction of street signs, improvement
of light and street car service and the
control of the vicious element can be car
ried into effect, much will have been ac
complished to make a satisfactory Impres
sion upon the cultured strangers, who will
be quite as apt to notice civic faults as
civic virtues.
One of the most Important ante-conven
tion items to be taken into consideration
in good season is the matter of proper ac
commodations for the visitors. School
teachers have the reputation of being very
particular In matters of personal comfort
and convenience, and will demand the
best accommodations which can be placed
at their disposal, for a week.
Satisfactory quarters for the delegates
and meeting places for the different soci
eties of . the convention must be . looked
after months in advance of the conven
tion. . This will require the early estab
lishment of a bureau of Information and
the organization of many committees to
whom the various departments of the
work, once mapped out, may be assigned.
The appointment of a committee on ac
commodations must be one of the first
matters attended to, as hundreds of re
quests for the reservation of rooms at ho
tels or elsewhere will be sent in long be
fore the date of the convention.
Dr. Jordan Urges Promptness.
Superintendent Jordan, of the Minne
apolis public schools, is in hearty accord
with the idea that this matter should re
ceive prompt attention. Such arrange
ments should be made, he agrees, as will
afford all prospective visitors prompt in
formation as to just what provisions can
he made for their welfare. Such steps
should be taken along this line, he sug
gests, as will enable delegates to the
convention to go direct to their rooms
immediately upon their arrival in the city
with previous information as to what
their living expenses will be.
The average annual attendance has been
A COLONY FOR THEM
How New York May Treat Its Con
sumptives.
A SITE IN THE ADIRONDACKS
__,<_ New York Public Much Aroused
Over tbe Prevalence of
tbe Disease.
Special to The Journal.
New York, Nov. 28.— work which Is
being done ln Minnesota in the line of
consumption prevention,more , particu
larly looking toward the isolation of con
sumptives in the pine regions,—receives
an especial emphasis just now from the
prominence which Is being given to the
prevntlon of the disease in New York. A
site is now under, consideration for the
home for consumptives. The board of
managers of the proposed home has been
in the Adirondacks and, it is understood,
has selected a site between Saranac vil
lage and Lake Placid. It is said that
there is no healthier place in the moun
tains and great results in the line of pre
vention are looked for.
The legislature of the state appropriated
(150,000 for the site and buildings.; The
Importance of this move is being more
and more keenly felt as it has more and
more clearly come to be known that con
sumption in its earlier stages may be
cured and permanently cured. As it has*
become known that this greatest scourge
of the world thrives on foul air and con
gested quarters and Inadequate nutrition
and loses Its power in the pure air and
under proper sanitary and distary condi
tions, the value of such a sanatorium as
The Journal has from time to time
advocated in northern Minnesota, becomes
more and more apparent. In this state
of New York the first step has been taken,
and in the right direction.
The people in New York who are not
afflicted with the disease are anxious that
those who have it in the communicable
stages should be isolated whether they
will or not. Steps are being taken, and
this shows how radical some people are
becoming on the subject, to prevent peo
ple having tuberculosis from traveling on
sloping cars in the main body of the cars..
What is called the Travelers Protective
association proposes to put a stop to such
traveling. The point made is that sep
arate compartments should be provided in
both ooaches and sleeping cars Into which
those suffering from consumption should
be placed. The Western Passenger asso
ciation have bene asked to provide quar
ters for such' isolation. The following
from the Dally Tribune of this city, from
somebody who. has been : looking at this
through a pair of keen eyes, shows that
there are two sides, to the subject and
the comment is pertinent: ,;
■ If the passenger associations decide to
adopt . the; plan of' having consumptives lso
<3> . DR. C. M. JORDAN, SUPERINTENDENT OF THE MINNEAPOLIS _>
<$> PUBLIC, SCHOOLSt <J>
<§> We have about eight months ahead of us in which to prepare for <$>
<$> the convention of the National Educational association. While that seems <$>
<S> a long way off in the prospective, it is not too soon to begin work at once <.
♦ .in preparation for the big gathering. " No light estimate is to be put on <S>
<§> the benefits which Minneapolis will derive from the convention If local <$>
_> public spirit decides to make the most of it. The hard fight which all <$>
<$> representative cities make for this annual convention is a sufficient mdl- <§>
<$> cation of its appreciation elsewhere. As a plain advertising proposition <£
<§> I think it is quite generally conceded that the National Educational asso- <;>
<. elation is in a position to disseminate more valuable information about <.
<$> the manifold Interests of the city fortunate enough to entertain it than <_
<$> any other big gathering which assembles annually in this country. I shall <$>
<$> be glad to act in hearty co-operation with the Commercial club and any <$>
<$> other public body to the end that the association at its next convention <$>
<$» may vote the Minneapolis meeting the most pleasant and successful <.
<$> gathering in its history. _>
about 10,000, and there ls every reason to
believe that the attendance here will be
fully as large. The fact that the New
England states are so largely represented
in the population of Minneapolis will have
the effect of adding heavily to the attend
ance from that section. There is scarcely
a town of any importance in the New
England states which does not feel more
than a passing interest in this city. Al
ready the educational interests of the
west have their eyes upon Minneapolis.
Even before it was formally decided to
hold the convention here. Dr. Jordan was
in receipt of many letters from western
school teachers and educators promising
good, big delegations for this city in case
the convention was secured.
Suitable meting places must be provided
for the seventeen sections In which the
convention's deliberations will be divided.
It will be necessary to utilize the Exposi
tion building, the buildings of the Univer
sity of Minnesota, and such available
downtown auditoriums as the Lyceum
theater. As the available public meeting
places are quite likely to be inadequate
for the accommodation of so many differ
ent meetings at the same time, the cen
trally located churches will probably be
asked to throw open their doors for the
convention.
Advertising Literature.
A most Important committee, the make
up of which must needs be carefully scru
tinized, will be that on literature. It
will be the province of this committee to
see that every feature on which Minne
apolis bases her claim to municipal great
ness shall be thoroughly, intelligently and
artistically exploited. Dr. Jordan points
out that any hastily-prepared literature
pretending to deal with conditions which
have placed Minneapolis in the front rank
of American citiec will be worse than use
less. It is a wondrous tale which these
teachers will take back to the boys and
girls of America, if the proper appeal is
made to them, and for that reason the
compilation of the salient features in the
history of Minneapolis should be placed in
competent hands. Dr. Jordan believes
in the appointment of a committee to de
cide what features shall be elaborated ana
another committee whose duty It shall be
to prepare the material and have it "well
written." ;' _ i";
While the visitors may not be particu
larly impressed with the Tagged edges of
the business district of Minneapolis, the
residence districts and park system should
be sufficient to profoundly impress the
strangers with the beautiful natural set
ting and manifold artistic environments
of the flour city.
Detroit made the most of her beauty
spots last year, one of the most enjoyable
entertainment features being a steamboat
excursion down. the Detroit river. A
steamboat tour of Lake Minnetonka would
prove fully as captivating a side trip for
delegates to the Minneapolis convention,
and would profoundly Impress them with
the beauties of Minnesota's famous lake
country.
A Look at Our Industries.
From a practical standpoint the com
mittee on entertainment should not fall to
give the teachers an opportunity to In
spect the industries which have made the
name of Minneapolis famous the world
over. Every teacher of geography knows
that the greatest flour mills of the world
are located here, and they will naturally
be interested in visiting the great
plants which have contributed so greatly
to the upbuilding of commercial Minne
apolis. The impressions they receive from
a trip through the flour and lumber mills
the knowledge that the same mighty
power which helps run the mills generates
more than enough electricity to operate
the street railway system of two great
cities, an idea of the "movement of
wheat" and a look at the Immense store-
lated while traveling there will be a lot of
fun. There will have to be a number of
physicians employed to examine buyers of
tickets as they leave the waiting-rooms to go
to the cars. Their examination would only
bo cursory under the most favorable condi
tions, and many tuberculous travelers would
escape their attention. Only a few persons
ln advanced stages of the disease would be
observed and told that special coaches and
sleeping ' compartments were reserved for
them. The majority of these people would
hail the glad newa, for most of them would
like to travel in coaches in which they would
not disturb those in good health and would
not attract attention. Few persons in the
early stages of the disease want to be con
stantly told that they have consumption.
They want to be treated just like ordinary
mortals. V . ",.'.• *
Owing to the peculiar and hasty examina
tions that would have to be made, the rail
road physicians might put in the special
ooaches persons who did not have consump
tion. Then there would be _ howl from the
victims, and thematter would undoubtedly
be aired in the courts.
Even the state conference Of Charities
and Corrections has been considering the
subject. The conference has been in ses
sion In the audience room of the Y. M.
C. A. on Twenty-third street. One phy
sician. Dr. John H. Pryor of Buffalo, read
a paper on "Sanatona for Consumption"
in which he made the point prominent
that incipient tuberculosis is curable and
that the vast majority of consumptives
die because they are por and no provision
Is made for curative treatment.* He em
phasizes the point that only one form of
treatment promises anything, one that
involves rest, plenty of pure air and good
food. Another very important point
which he brought out was that it is
economy to cure the poor because, when
the. disease has progressed too far for
isolation and treatment It costs more to
care for the dependant than to oure in
the first place. V-.-.*.:.;'.'. '*. v", .•/--■:"';>:. ■.-•
The newspapers here are paying con
siderable attention to the case of Dr.
Barry of Brooklyn, who, it will bo remem
bered inoculated a young woman two
weeks ago with tuberculosis cultines from
a cow who was suffering from bovine tu
berculosis. He wanted to show, and the
girl was willing- to let him show, that
bovine tuberculosis could be transmitted
to a human being in spite of Coch. Yes
terday the Brooklyn health department
stole the doctor's cow, and are going to
kill her and! see if she has any signs of
the disease. - The doctor : u was going to
keep the cow awhile and see if she devel
oped the disease. He had Innoculated
her first with tuberoolosls from. a human
being and then Innoculated the. girl with
cultures from the cow. It seems incredi
ble that any sane person should submit to
such a test. .-, w,.
•When yau see a sign in every ©roadway
car that the person who spits on the floor
is liable to a fine of $500 or a year's im
prisonment, you get some Idea of the way
the New York public la aroused; on the
subject. (Best of all, , the agitation looks
to ; the | amelioration of the jj afflicted—the
time may not be so far distant as might
appear at first, when tuberculosis -will be
banished) from the list of diseases.
NOW'S THE TIME TO BEGIN PREPARATION
houses for grain for all the world —'the
giant elevators which girdle the city—
will all be finely reflected in the bright
minds of school children soon to become
the men and women of the republic.
Thus, to a majority of the school
children of the land, will come a knowl
edge first h^nd of the actual meaning of
"Minneapolis," and that same Intelligence
will find its way into as many homes. No
one with a proper appreciation of informa
tion disseminated in that manner can
doubt its value to the city from an adver
tising standpoint.
As one who believes that Minneapolis
should make the most of the convention
in the material as well as Intellectual
sense, Dr. Jordan will do all that he can
from now on to see that the city is proper
ly advertised in connection with the con
vention. He Intends to have the fact
constantly emphasized that this is to be
the convention city next year.
Dr. Jordan Will Advertise.
Every bit of correspondence which
leaves the office from now on, whether it
bears in any way upon the convention or
not, will contain a small card, one one
side of which will be printed:
The next meeting of the National Educa
tional association will be held in Minne
apolis, July 7-11, 1902.
On the other side of these cards will he
a few short lines of statistics about Min
neapoliskeynotes to the size, prosperity,
intelligence, health, development, com
mercial and educational interests of the
city.
He will send these cards to the four
quarters of the I United States in from
twenty-five to fifty letters daily, and he
expects In that way to enlist the early
interest in the convention of people not
directly concerned in the meeting, as well
as those who expect to take an active part
in the deliberations.
While he believes that he can accom
plish much in that way as an individual,
he thinks it would be an excellent idea
for business men who believe in that kind
of advertising to use similar cards for
dissemination in their own correspond-
ence.
This simple, inexpensive way of adver
tising the convention will doubtless do
much to insure a large attendance.
Scope of tbe N. E. A.
The National Educational association
was organized at Philadelphia In 1857, un
der the name of the National Teachers'
association, and reorganized in 1870 as
the National Educational association, in
cluding as departments the former inde
pendent organizations, the American Nor
mal association and the National Superin
tendents' association.
The departments of the association now
number eighteen, covering every im
portant phase of educational work. They
are the National Council of Education,
Kindergarten, Elementary, Secondary,
Higher, Normal, Superintendence, Man
ual, Art, Music, - Business, Child Study,
Physical Training, Science, School Ad
ministration, Library, Deaf, Blind, and
Feeble-Minded, Indian Education. .
The association held its fortieth annual
convention at Detroit, Mich., in 1901. No.
meetings were held in 1861, 1862, 1867,
1878 and 1893. In 1893 the International
Congresses of Education were held in Chi
cago, under the auspices of the association
in connection with the World's Columbian
Exposition. The proceedings of these
congresses were published by the associa
tion in a volume, which constitutes one
of the most valuable ones of the series.
The annual conventions have been held at
the following cities:
Philadelphia, 1857 (organized), 1879; Cin
cinnati, 1858 (first meeting after organiza
tion); two in Washington, 1859 and 1898; two
in Buffalo, 1860, 1896; two In Chicago, 3883,
1887; Ogdensburg, 1864; Harrisburg, Pa., 1865;
Indianapolis, 1866; two in Nashville, 1868,
SOMETHING ABOUT WAYNE BIJOU
He Was Half God and Half Devil and Greater Than Either God or
Devil, Because He Had Access to the Indians.
The photograph presented in this arti
cle is taken from a bust modeled in paint
clay by Charles Otto Roos of Taylors
Falls, ' Minn. . It was modeled from an
actual Chippewa chief who is claimed to
resemble Way-ne Bi-jou.
Wayne Bijou is half god and half devil.
—.
, :^ .... i. „.,,,,, ! ! ! — —~-~
CLAY MODEL OF .CHIPPEWA CHIEF RE
SEMBLING WAY-NE BIJON.
He la conceived of as greater than Gitche
Manitou (God) or than Marehe Manitou
(devil), because he comes in actual con
tact with the Indians, to their harm. Mr.
Roos, who has lived much among the red
men, has attempted to catch the spirit
of their feeling towards Wayne Bijou in
the following poem: ,-._; ■- * t . . : ..:,
•*". ':, Wayne - Bijou.,? -;
The fox's. face, :
The owl's i laugh, too. 'vKjity
The Bear's paw 5,',..... , ....
The panther's, J too,
A_, Wayne Bijou!
The bright •■ stars' silent night.
The moon's still flight,
THE MIIS^NEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
<$> A. C. PAUL, PRESIDENT OP THE MINNEAPOLIS COMMERCIAL <$>
a 'CLUB: ■ '~" *■ , <$>
<. I am glad to see such early interest manifested in the convention <.
<$> which the hard work of public-spirited citizens has secured for us. I <$>
<$» would not attempt to say off hand what preliminary steps should be <§>
<S> taken looking to the proper handling of the convention. I think it would <$>
<$> be an excellent idea for Dr. Jordon and other representatives of the edu- <$>
<§>cational Interests of Minneapolisln fact for the local members of the <§>
<$> association—to arrange a meeting In the near future with the conven- ,>
<$> tion committee of the Commercial club and map out a plan of action. <$>
<§> All civic bodies of a public or semi-public nature, sectarian or otherwise, <.
<$> should take a common Interest In this convention which will make for <.
<. all that is best in American civilization to-day. We cannot afford to <«>
<$> plan for this convention in any slipshod manner. Outward appearances <*>
<?> will count for considerable and I think a municipal house cleaning will <«>
<$> be in order before the convention. Physical Minneapolis must look its *.
<$> best at that time. The rest will speak for itself. ■ "$>
_> ->
1889; Trenton, N. J., 1869; Cleveland, 1870;
St. Louis, 1871; Boston, 1_72; Elmlra, N. V.,
1873; two In Detroit, 1874, 1901; Minneapolis,
1875; Baltimore, 1876; Louisville, 1877; Chau
tauqua, 1880;. Atlanta, 1881; four at-Saratoga,
1881, 1883, 1885, .1892; Madison, Wis., 1884;
Topeka, Kan., 18S6; San Francisco, 1888; St
Paul, 1890; Toronto, 1891; Asbury Park, 1894;
Denver, 1895; Milwaukee, 1897; Los Angeles,
1899; Charleston, 1900.
The annual meetings previous to 1884
were small in numbers, averaging about
200 members. Since 1884 the annual con
ventions have averaged more than. 6,000
members; since 1895 the average annual
membership has been nearly 10,000. These
forty conventions within forty-five years
have been the most important agency in
shaping national education opinion and
progress.
The establishment by congress of the
bureau of education of the United States
and the office of the United States com
missioner of education was secured
through the early efforts of the associa
tion. The recent special committee re
ports indicate lines of work which, in
addition to the work of its annual con
ventions have made the association the
most important educational organization
in the world.
About tbe Publications.
The forty annual volumes of proceed
ings constitute the chief publications of
the association, and have come to be re
garded as the most valuable library of
educational literature extant. They have
been rendered especially desirable for
teachers, and for all classes of libraries
which seek to serve the needs of teach
ers, by the publication of a subject index
covering all volumes from 1857 to 1897,
inclusive. At the present time the an
nual volume of proceedings is a cloth
bound volume of about 1,000 pages, in
cluding all the papers and discussions of
the annual convention, comprising the
general sessions and the eighteen depart
ments. This includes the proceedings of
the department of superintendence, which
meets in February each year, and the
National Council of Education, which
meets at the place, usually in advance, of
the general sessions. .
Other Important publications are:
Report of the Committee of Ten on Secon
dary Schools; report of the Committee of Fif
teen on Elementary Schools; report of the
Committe of Twelve on Rural Schools; re
port of the Committee on College Entrance
Requirements: report iof the Committee on
Normal Schools; report-'Of the Committee on
the Relations -of Public Libraries 'to Publio
Schools. '. '■" - •, ■. '
In addition to the departments named,
bulletins \of t information are published
from time to time and are sent without
charge to all active and corresponding
As to Membership,
There are three classes of members. The
active, constitute the permanent support
ing membership of the association, and
alone are entitled to vote and'to hold of
fice in the association or any of its de
partments. Only those who are teachers
or are actively associated with education
al work or with the mangement of educa
tional Institutions, including libraries and
periodicals, are eligible to active mem
bership.
Those who are eligible may become act
ive members by paying, as a first pay
ment, $4—42 enrollment fee— annual
dues for the current year, and $2 annual
ly thereafter. Active membership con
tinues from year to year unless the mem
ber gives written notice of discontinuance
to the secretary before Sept. 1 of the
year for which it is to apply.
The annual volumes and other publica
tions are sent, carriage, prepaid, to active
members.
Any person may become an associate
The sun's bright light,
The daytime's sight,
The morning's dew.
Ah, Wayne Bijou!
The Ivy vine,
The weeping pine.
The cranberry stalk,
All silent talk
To Wayne Bljbu!
The papoose face,
The exciting chase,
The lone loon's wall,
O'er Indian's trail
The lynx's low mew,
Ah, Wayne Bijou!
The maple gave
The milk that
White men craved;
Within the cave' *.WA .
Two sparkling eyes,
And chieftains kill
To get the prize.
All this he knew,
Ah, Wayne Bijcu!
We look above : > •'";
The things we love, '.
And spirits love
The silent depths
Where the steps
Point to the grave
Of the lodge
Of the red man. brave.
All this he knew.
Ah, Wayne Bijou!
Chomocomone (white man)
He knew not where, - r '.-':
But felt his breath, r■ ,\
And saw afar,
And marked it
By a falling star.
And as it fell '
The story grave
He told unto
The red man brave.
All this he knew. ,
Ah, Wayne Bijou!
The poet shows how Wayne Bijou pre
dicted the coming of the white man and
with it the decline of his own influence.
This is I followed | by the death of the god
devil. The poem runs thus:
No, Nitchie, you would not
Have '■ the - spirit , say
"Kneel, ye red man,.
Down to earth and pray.
But raise thy. shoulder.-
With great pride. ;
Shout thy war cry;'
Far and wide.
• Raise thy war club
O'er thy head."
Ugh. Naconls,
Wayne Bijou Is dead!
Gitche '. Manitou in '■ great pride
Calls every warrior to his side,
;; : ; Marehe Manitou, bow thy head. -
The ' Fox's face,
The Owl's laugh
Is dead! ,
SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 30, 1901.
member by paying $2, for which a receipt
is issued; bearing a coupon of proceedings,
entitling to. a volume of proceedings if
sent to the secretary before Sept. 1 of the
year of its issue. No other publications
are furnished free to associate members.
Eminent educators not residing in
.America may be elected by the directory
to become corresponding members. The
number of corresponding members may at
no time exceed fifty.
The names of active and corresponding
members are printed with the descriptive
data in the annual volume of proceedings,
classified by states and date of enroll
ment.
Under special provisions, educational
institutions and libraries are enrolled as
permanent members, thus securing the
publications as they are issued, and dele
gate representation in the annual conven
tion. About 200 of the leading institu
tions of the United States are so enrolled,
as follows: i _„ ,
Universities and colleges, 79; normal
schools, 43; libraries, 49; boards of educa
tion, 12; other educational institutions, 16;
total, 199.
Among them are the Cardiff free public
library of Cardiff, Wales; the Imperial
library of Tokio, Japan, and the library
of congress, Santiago, Chile. Nearly all
the institutions enrolled have purchased
full sets of the publications.
The chief advantage of active member
ship doubtless lies in the permanent and
supporting connection with the associa
tion and Its . great work, a connection
which is valued and sought by many of
the most prominent and most public
spirited educators in the United States.
Tbe Association's Resources.
•Since the Madison meeting in 1884, the
association has, by close economy and by
the generous and gratuitous service of its
officers and others, accumulated a per
manent invested fund of nearly $100,000,
which yields an annual revenue of about
14,000. It is the purpose to use this rev
enue, together with whatever surplus may
remain, after paying the annual expenses
of the association, in advancing public
educational interests through-original in
vestigation and special committees ap
pointed to study and report upon specific
educational questions as they arise. In
this connection reference may be made
to the important work of the committee
of ten, the committee of fifteen, the com
mittee of twelve on rural schools, the
committee on college entrance require
ments, the committees on relations of
public libraries to public schools, the
committee on normal schools, as well as
the committee on national university,
which reported at the Detroit meeting,
and the committee on consolidation of
rural schools which is now at work on
that important problem.
Applications for enrollment and in
quiries concerning the publications of the
association or its annual meetings should
be addressed to the respective state di
rectors or to the general secretary, Irwin
Shepard, Winona, Minn..
In his report to the board of trustees,
submitted Oct. 1, 1901, Irwin Shepard of
Winona, Minn., secretary of the asso
ciation, calls particular attention to the
benefits conferred upon the association
by the annual volume.
He says:
Secretary Sl.epH.rd _ Idea.
The annual volume of proceedings embodies
the results of the work of the association
from year to year, and is, therefore, its most
important concern. It has been the aim of
the successive publication committees to con
fine it to a single volume of 1,000 pages. This
limit has, in recent years, been exceeded in
order to Include the reports of special com
mittees, and to provide for the eight new de-
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<. . MAYOR A. A. AMES: . <&
<j> As mayor of Minneapolis I feel it my duty— pleasant one, I assure ♦
<$>, ; you— do everything .in my official capacity to help Minneapolis make a <.
<. deep and lasting Impression on the school teachers and educators of the -$>
<*> United States. There is no class of people in the country whose good" <$>
<$• opinion Is more to be sought after than those who have in hand the in- <8>
<$> struction of, the rising generation. There is no estimating the benefits <§•
<. which we will receive in after years because thousands of bright school <_•
<S> children throughout the country have received interesting information <$>
<$> first hand of the vast resources of Minneapolis, Minnesota and the north- <«>
<. west. I believe the educational and commercial interests of Minneapolis <.
<. should get together, immediately and leave no stone unturned to get <-.
<. Minneapolis in shape for the convention. /.,
_______ " i
__S._\. _ ._:■_____ /_\ •_. -^\_X_\_^.y_y?\>_v_S._\r.y.yNy.y_y... .. _.-..\ .*.«„«_ _ . _. _ - - . _
partments which have been added _nee 1892.
Every effort has been made in editing the
volume to exclude useless material, to secure
the abridgment of papers and discussions of
excessive length, and to limit the matter as
far as consistent with a fair representation
of the valuable papers and discussions pre
sented in the general sessions and the eight
een departments now organized. The largest
volume yet issued is the Los Angeles vol
ume, of 1,258 pages, which contains, in addi
tion to the usual matter, three special com
mittee reports, covering 277 pages. Exclud
ing these special reports, the Los Angeles
volume numbers 981 pages, while the St. Paul
volume, in 1890, with eight departments less
to provide for, contains 929 pages. The
Charleston volume of 1900 numbers 809 pages,
which is the smallest volume since the Nash
ville meeting in 1889.
The most effective measure in restricting
the size of the volume has been the editing
of the program in advance of the annual con
vention, and securing desirable limitations as
to number and length of the individual pa
pers. There is still room for improvement
In this direction, as was so forcibly pointed
cut by President Green in his presidential
address at Detroit. The departments which
have been added from time to time overlap
each other, because some of them represent
horizontal and others vertical sections of ed
ucational work.
Suggestion for Legislation.
It is the theory that the president of the
association shall have general oversight of
the department programs; but there is no
definite legislation which gives the president
authority in this matter. Since the president
of the general association and presidents of
the several departments change each year,
there has not been uniformity of administra
tion in this respect. I would respectfully
suggest that more definite legislation on this
subject be enacted; that provisions be made
for a meeting of the president-elect with the
newly elected department officers, to be held
before the close of the convention at which
they are elected, for conference and for de
termining the general policy of the adminis
tration; that a subsequent meeting of the
president-elect with department officers be
held at some central point about Jan. 1, at
which time the department president should
be expected to present tentative outlines of |
proposed programs for mutual criticism and
suggestion, in order that the field and the
topics to be covered by each should be deter
mined and understood by all, and that sub
sequent departures from the respective lines
agreed upon should be made only on the
approval of the president of the association.
An examination of any convention program
will readily disclose the importance of such
advance regulation of department plans.
The association should, doubtless, pay the
expenses of such a meeting; but I believe no
more- profitable expenditure could be made,
since the results would certainly tend to the
improvement of the convention program, the
elimination of conflicts and repetitions, and
the probable restriction of the matter to be
printed.
The cost of printing tie volume has been
steadily decreased.
Among the most important responsibilities
of the office are the negotiations with trans
portation companies for rates and ticket con
ditions for the annual conventions, and the
settlement with these companies for the mem
bership revenue collected by them.
The plan of incorporating the membership
ticket in the railroad ticket and the mem- ■
bership fee ln the purchase price of the
ticket; with an agreement to report the same
to the treasurer of the association, has ob
tained since first adopted at the Chicago
(meeting in 1887. This plan was for a time
strenuously opposed by certain roads, espe
cially in the east, and has never been offi
cially approved by the New England Passen
ger Association. Opposition has now quite
generally ceased. The friendliness and con
fidence of the transportation companies have
been won by an established and consistent
policy of fair dealing and the recognition of
the rights of the roads to protection against
ticket _calpin_ and other convention abuses,
such as "official routes," which are designed
MINNESOTA FAT STOCK AT THE CHICAGO EXHIBITION
Owned' the University of Minnesota Experiment Station, i
A GtADE HEREFORD STEER, ONE YEAR OLD.
IMPORTED OXFORD LAM--.
to divert business from the lines to which
it belongs to certain routes.
Eta 11 roads Co-operate.
Moreover, the work of the association in its
public service to education appeals strongly
to railroad officials, with the result that
they now, almost without exception, willingly
grant the usual concessions of rates and ticket
conditions, and join in protecting the interests
of the association by collecting and report
ing, through the terminal lines, to the treas
urer of the association, the membership rev
enue by the same forms and methods which
they use in reporting the divisions of ticket
revenue among themselves. These reports are
in detail, giving place of sale with form and
number of each ticket. They are checked out
at the secretary's office from month to month,
as received, and claim for revenue made on
all coupons not Included in the final reports.
No line has, at least within recent years, re
fused to honor any rightful claim for mem
bership revenue; nor has any disposition
been shown, except in rare and unimportant
instances, to withhold revenue until claim is
made.
The educational journals have continued
and extended their support of the association
in all its various lines of work. Special cir
culars of information are sent to them
monthly, and are quite generally quoted from
or reprinted entire. Several Journals issue
annually an association number, in which, in
addition to association articles on the place
of meeting, the executive committee bulle
tin, containing convention arrangements and
programs, ls printed entire from plates fur
nished from this office. In this manner the
circulation of the most important bulletin ia
extended by forty or fifty thousand copies
without cost to the association, except for the
plates. The value of this gratuitous support
of the educational press cannot be overesti
mated, and is highly appreciated by all mem
bers, and especially by the executive officers
of the association.
It Pays to Belong.
! Even among lndlvduals the idea is gaining
ground that it is profitable for those teachers
who cannot attend the annual meetings reg
ularly to become active members, that they
may secure the published proceedings. The
value of the active membership list as a
reliable educational directory Influences many
to seek representation In It, but, without
doubt, the leading motive is the desire to be
come permanently and actively identified with
the association and its work.
With the Saratoga meeting in 1892 a new
movement was inaugurated by the association
in the appointment of the special committee
of ten to investigate and report on courses
of study for secondary schools. This report
was made In 1893, the year in which no ses
sion of the association was held. The report
was published and distributed extensively by
the United States bureau of education, but
unfortunately was never Included in any pub
lished volume of proceedings.
The committee of fifteen on elementary edu
cation was appointed in 1893. The report waa
made to the department of superintendence
In 1895, and published in the volume of pro
ceedings of that year.
The committee of twelve on rural schools
was appointed by the council ln 1895. Their
report was made to the council in 1897, and
published in the volume of proceedings of
the Milwaukee convention. The committee
on college entrance requirements was ap
pointed in 1995; on normal schools, 1895; and
on the relations of public libraries to public
schools in 1898. These three committees re
ported at the Los Angeles meeting in 1899, and
the reports are all Included in the Los An
geles volume.
The plates of the report of the committee
of twelve have been loaned without charge
to several state superintendents for use in
publishing state editions for free distribu
tion, which have aggregated 60,000 copies. The
reports have received the circulation of the
volumes of proceedings in which they were
published. Parts of each report have appeared
in the reports of the United States commis
sioner of education and of several state super
intendents of public instruction. Extensive re
print editions have been made by various
publishing houses of several of the reports
which were not copyrighted.

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