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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
PRICE TWO CENTS. Nuggets From j The Message ] (For the complete text of President Roosevelt's flrwt meiiase to < consr«t«, tee I'ukom 8, !» and 10. < < We mourn a great and good president who is < dead; but while we mourn we are lifted up by the '-:.\ splendid achievements of his life and the grand . \ heroism with which he met his death. X -■' A —— '< ANARCHY I Anarchy Is no more an expression of "social discontent" than i picking pockets or wife beating. < If ever anarchy is triumphant, its triumph will last for but one red < moment, to be succeeded for ages by the gioomy night of despotism. « Anarchy is a crime against the whole human race; and all mankiiu j should band against the anarchist. < If anarchists should ever become a serious menace to Its (this 4 country's) Institutions, they would not merely be stamped out, but j would Involve In their own ruin every active or passive* sympathizer <; with their doctrines. <■ 000 o o 1 PROSPERITY \ Prosperity can never be created by law alone, although it is easy « enough to destroy it by mischievous laws. 1 Fundamentally the welfare of each citizen, and- therefore the wel- i fare of the aggregate of citizens which makes the nation, must rest << upon individual thrift and energy, resolution and intelligence. \ America has only just begun to assume that commanding position 1 in the International business world which we believe will more and < more be hers. It is of the utmost importance that this position be not 1 jeopardized. 2 000 o o < <- THE TRUSTS <• To strike with ignorant violence at the interests of one set of men \ almost Inevitably endangers the interests of all. < There are real and grave evils, one of the chief being overcapital- « ization, because of its many baneful consequences; and are lute and : < practical effort must be made to correct these evils. <; Great corporations exist only because they are created and safe- < guarded by our institutions; and it is therefore our right and our duty < to see that they work in harmony with these institutions. V< The first essential in determining how to deal with the great in- ' dustrial combinations is knowledge of the facts—publicity. • • • < Publicity is the only sure remedy which we can now invoke. < In the interest of the whole people, the nation should, without in- < terfering with the power of the states in the matter itself, also assume < power of supervision and regulation over all corporations doing an in- < terstate business. < ■< If. however, the judgment of the congress is that it lacks the con- \ stitutional power to pass such an act (controlling corporations), then < a constitutional amendment should be submitted to confer the power. 000 o o < AMERICAN LABOR \ ———_—_ _________________ . < American wage workers work with their heads as well as their < hands. • • ♦ This is the great secret of our success in competi- < tion with the labor of foreign countries. \ \ Very great good has been and will be accomplished by associations < or unions of wageworkers, when managed with forethought and when < they combine insistence upon their own rights with law-abiding re- " spect for the rights of others. , The rule of brotherhood remains as the indispensable perquisite < to success in the kind of national life for which we strive. \ 000 o o < TARIFF AND RECIPROCITY \ Nothing could be more unwise than to disturb the business inter- ■ ests of the country by any general tariff change at this time. ; It is not only possible, but eminently desirable, to combine with ' the stability of our economic system a supplementary system of recip- ■ rocal benefit and obligation with other nations. Reciprocity must be treated as the handmaiden of protection. ' The well being of the wageworker is a prime consideration of our ' entire policy of economic legislation. ] o o .o o o . ; TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS : We should not longer submit to conditions under which only a ' trifling portion of our great commerce is carried in our own ships. '. It (the building of an isthmian canal) is emphatically a work which '■ it is for the interest of the entire country to begin and complete as " soon as possible. The railway is a public servant. , Its rates should be just to and open to all shippers alike. J v 000 o o IRRIGATION The western half of the United States would sustain a population greater than that of our whole country to-day if the waters that now run to waste were saved and used for irrigation. Irrigation works should be built by the national government. o o o o o ', SAVE THE FORESTS '": The preservation of our forests is an imperative business necessity. : The forest reserves should be set apart forever for the use and ben- '■ efit of our people as a whole and not sacrificed to the short-sighted greed of a few. o o o - o o '. OUR FOREIGN POSSESSIONS "'• Our earnest effort is to help these people (the Filipinos) upward ' along the stony and difficult path that leads to self-government. We must make it evident • • • that while we will do every- : thing in our power for the Filipino who is peaceful we will take the sternest measures with the Filipino who follows the path of the in surrecto and the ladrone. Nothing better can be done for the (Philippine) islands than to in troduce industrial enterprises. More and more the civilized peoples are realizing the wicked folly of war and are attaining that condition of just and intelligent regard for the rights of others which will in the end, as we hope and believe make world-wide peace possible. .....;.. ' The Monroe doctrine should be the cardinal feature of the foreign policy of all the nations of the two Americas, as it is of the United States. Even if our flag were hauled down in the Philippines or Porto Rico • ■•..;•-• we should need a thoroughly trained navy of adequate size or else be prepared definitely and for all time to abandon the idea that our nation is among those whose sons go down to the sea in ships. 000 o o CIVIL SERVICE The merit system of making appointments is in its essence as dem ocratic and American as the common school system itself. The sole justification of any type of government lies in its proving itself both honest and efficient. . 000 o o THE INDIAN • We should definitely make up our minds to recognize the Indian ■ as an individual and not as a member of a tribe. TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBEK 3, 1901. ■ ■ ■ : ■ - .'--'■ ■ . . i THEIR RELATIVE POSITIONS. Porto Rico —Blamed if he ain't takin' that Philippine kid right into the cutter. TARIFF ROW AFTER ALL Probable Effect of the Phil ippine Decision. REP. LEADERS WORRIED May Not Be Able to Prevent De bates on Tariff. BLOOD CLOTS IN RISING'S EYE The DiHcharged Inspector of Rural Route* Will Warm Things for Somebody, in Minnesota. From. The Journal Bureau, Boom 4iS, Pott j Building, Washington. j Washington, Dec. 3. —To-day there is a j j feeling that the decision of the supreme j court regarding the Philippine tariff may I get congress into a snarl. It is appar ent that it is necessary for congress to act quickly if it would prevent Philippine I hemp, toßacco, sugar and other good? ! from coming into this country free of duty, but at the same time there is a question as to what the attitude of the democrats I in the senate will be when the bill which ; the house is expected to originate very | shortly reaches that body. Passage j through the house will be quick enough I under the Reed rules, but in the senate, freedom of debate and of amendment, it \ Is feared, may possibly open wide the , whole tariff question, and thus compel . ! the present session, notwithstanding the determined opinions of republican leaders to the contrary, to consider not only the Babcock idea, but other, ideas dealing di rectly with general revision of Dingley schedules. It is too early Just now to say whether these fears are well grounded or not. It is enough to know that they exist, and ' that republican leaders are pretty well worried over the outlook. The only question is, will the demo crats improve their opportunity? Obvious ly, any long delay, which an Improvement of the opportunity would necessitate, would dump into this country, duty free' millions of dollars' worth of Philippine goods. Whether this fact will restrain the democrats or not nobody at present seems to know. The next few days ought to clear the atmosphere considerably, but to-day it is far from being clear. \ The cases decided yesterday are the last of the series of suits brought to break down the government's colonial policy and establish the democratic doctrine that "the constitution follows the flag.'' They were argued elaborately last January and February with ex-Governor John W. Griggs, of New Jersey, then attorney gen eral, and Solicitor General Richards for the government, and some of the ablest lawyers In the country on the other side, headed by John G. Carlisle, who is gen erally accounted the greatest living ex ponent of democratic contentions and theories. Out of none of the courts' decisions have the democratic opponents of the re publican policy of expansion been able to extract one grain of comfort except the unsatisfactory consolation that may be derived from the circumstance that the decisions have come from a divided court. But even in this there is not much po litical comfort for the democrats by rea son of the fact that one of the three dem ocratic justices (White of Louisiana) has consistenly voted with the majority of the court to sustain the government on every important point. o o : In view of this condition it is : : confidently predicted in the best : : informed circles in Washington : : that the present colonial policy of : : the government is now permanent- : : ly eliminated as an Issue of na- : : tional politics. : o o LOWERING The Rising case is at tracting a good deal of at- OF tention in the Minnesota delegation. Rising Is a RISING. fighter, and will not let go until he gets at the bottom of the case and learns who is responsible for his discharge from the rural free de livery service. Congressman T* >twole is working hard on his behalf, which is note worthy in view of the fact that Rising was not an enthusiastic Heatwole man in for mer years in the third Minnesota district. What everybody now wants to know is, whether Senator Nelson or Senator Clapp is responsible for Rising's downfall; it was probably one of them, because the repre sentatives, several of whom had candi dates, were all thrown down, and the new appointees, Torson and Munro, were taken from the senatorial lists. From inside sources it is learned that the postofflce department thinks Rising has given offense by being too much puffed up. From numerous places where he has worked reports have come in regarding him, and it is said he has been quite too toplofty and that his airs and foolish pride have given much offense. Regard less of the appointment of Munro and Tor son, it is sa-id on high authority that it was the intention of tbe department to drop him. This may or may not be a true statement of the case. Even if true, it is difficult to understand why the de partment, knowing that it was to dismiss Rising, should not have given him notice in idvance instead of serving discharge on him toy wire when he was 400 miles from home, and refusing to allow him travel pay to his home. His salary checks for September and October were also held until about a week ago, and he has hardly had enough money to go from place to place in discharge of his duties. Heatwole will claim that Rising should have had full and ample notice of dismis sal, and should have the charges against him presented so he might have met them. Rising says the fight will not end in Washington. Evidently it is his inten tion to return to Minnesota and proceed to make it hot for somebody. —W. W. Jermane. COAL PRICES Authoritative Announcement That They Will Go No Higher This Winter. Raw York Sun Soeclul Servian Philadelphia, Dec. —It is -positively stated here by an authority upon matters pertaining to the mining of anthracite coal that there will be no further increase in the price of this class of fuel this win ter. This statement is given out advis edly and with due regard to the fact that should complications arise at the mines prices might go up, but as there is little likelihood of labor troubles and as coal is being shipped to depositories as fast as possible it is hardly likely that any difflcuties will arise. The shortage at the Port Richmond bins and at others along the line will soon be overcome, as the western shipments are now fairly well completed. It is asserted that in April next there will again be a drop in price of 50 cents per ton, increasing thereafter, as it did last year, 10 cents per month until the 50 cents is regained. ____ DESPERATE FELON Strikes Down His Spiritual Comforter on the Eve of Execution. Mount Holly, N. J., Dec. 3.—A sensa tional scene was enacted in the county prison here to-day when Charles Brown, | rendered desperate by fear of the gallows, on which he later paid the extreme pen alty for complicity in the murder of Washington Hunter, attacked his spiritual adviser and attempted to escape. At 8:30 o'clock this morning the warrant was read to Brown and he was left alone in his cell with the Rev. Mr. Delsieger. While the minister was read ing the scriptures, Brown assaulted him with an iron bar which he had concealed ' in his cell. The clergyman was rendered I unconscious, and Brown walked out of his cell into the corridor. He made his way to the jail yard and attempted to scale the wall. Sheriff Fenton and Chief Clerk Joseph Fieetwood, procuring re volvers, cornered the murderer, who, waving the iron bar in the air, defied the officials. The sheriff threatened to shoot him, and Brown, seeing the impossibility of escape, finally surrendered and was led back to his cell and was hanged at 10 o'clock. • NO SDBTREAS. Mr. Fletcher Compelled to Abandon His Efforts for Minneapolis. Introduces a Bill for an Ap propriation for Public Building. IuZIXLZ%v J*YT na? Bureau, Boom AS, Pott i-uiiitiiiy, Washington: Washington, Dec. . Representative Fletcher has abandoned the idea of se curing a subtreasury for Minneapolis and he will devote his attention this session to other legislation. "The treasury department is solidly against the establishment of that sub treasury," said Mr. Fletcher to-day. "The latest official to go on record is Controller of the Currency Ridgely, who complained that large sums are tied up. in subtreas uries at times when it is needed in busi ness channels. He advocated the entire abolition of the subtreasury system and extension of deposits in national banks. I think that his views will be adopted by congress in time and that government funds will toe put in circulation through national banks under suitable restrictions to safeguard the government's interests " Mr. Fletcher introdced a bill to appro priate funds for the construction of an addition to the Minneapolis public build ing. Other.measures will be introduced as opportunities present themselves. South Dakotans in and for Office. The South Dakota delegation called on the president to-day, and paid their re spects. At the same time they introduced Colonel R. W, Stewart of Pierre, United States Marshal Kennedy and Nye Phil lips of Sioux Falls. R. S. Person of Howard, auditor for the interior depart ment, was with the delegation and the president was urged to send his name to the senate for confirmation. He was given a recess appointment by President Mc- Kinley, and is one of the officials whose records have been under scrutiny by President Roosevelt since he entered the White House. The senators and repre sentatives stated that Person had made a good record and their indorsement «n that point is backed up by Secretary Gage. The delegation also urged the re appointment of United States Marshal Kennedy and District Attorney Elliott which was decided upon last winter Their terms will expire in January. Second Lieutenant Arthur Fuller of Pierre, recently appointed to the regular army, was recommended for promotion to a first lieutenancy. Lieutenant Fuller stood very high in his examina tion for original appointment, and promo tion was urged on the ground of merit alone. Apparently the only objection to promotion is Lieutenant Fuller's age He is only 22, and it is unusual to give such youngsters so high a rank as his friends want him to have. He Mourns With Rising. Judge Thomas Howard of St. Paul who was removed from the rural free delivery service, is in Washington, seeking rein statement His case is different from that of H. G. Rising of Faribault, who can be reinstated because he was a soldier in the civil war. Howard was removed be fore his position was placed In the clas sified service by the president's order. Postofflce department officials say he can not get back in the service without pass ing an examination. He will make his fight through Senator Nelson. PoMtoftice Appropriation. Representative Stevens called at the treasury department to-day and agreed to have a favorable report made on the proposition to make a deficiency appro priation for the completion of the new fedral building at St. Paul. The con tractors completed the building on the promise of payment from future appro priations by congress. Mr. Stevens thinks an emergency apropriation bill will be passed before Christinas, even though no appropriation committee Is named by the speaker. —W. W. Jermane. WILL KRUGER VISIT AMERICA? Chicago, Dec. 3.—8. T. Van Alen, secre tary of the Holland Society of Chicago, has received a letter from the secretary of Presi dent Kruger, saying nothing has been decided as to an eventual visit to America by Mr. Kruger. 16 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK. Northern Securities Problem CORPORATE COMPARISON Northern Securities and Car negie Companies. THE CHARTER RIGHTS Very Marked Diffeience in the Terms Is Pointed Out. "DOING BUSINESS" IN THE WEST Can the Securities Company Demon strate That It C.an Effect Its Purpose T kf»w York Sun Spoofal Service. New York, Dec. 3.—ln the discussion of the future of the Northern Securities company, which continues to be a fore most subject of interest down town, both in legal and financial circles, the point "was mad© to-day that there is a marked difference in the terms of the charters of that company and the Carnegie company, which may well command attention for two reasons: one, that the Carnegia com pany aimed at securing the largest powers that it could safely obtain from the state of New Jersey; and the other, that the Carnegie company's charter was approved by the present attorney general of the United States, as counsel, who may now, in his official capacity, be called upon to proceed against the securities company if the opponents of that company have their way. The objects for which the Carnegie com pany was formed, according to its charter, were not only to mine, prepare for mar ket, market and transport coal, iron, steel and all mineral substances, tout "to con struct, lease, own, operate or sell trans portation line or lines, by land or water, in any state or country, subject to the laws of such state or country, either di rectly or through the ownership of stock of any corporation." The charter further says: Parallel to Securities Company. If and to the extent permitted by the local laws of each state and foreign country where the property may be situated and subject al ways to such- local laws, the company may cause the legal title in any property or busi ness carried on by the company to remain or be vested In the name or carried on by an individual or by any other company or com panies, formed or to be formed and either upon truat or as agents or nominees of this company, and manage the affairs or take over and carry on the business of such companies so formed or to be formed, either by acquir-' Ing the shares, stocks or other securities thereof or otherwise howsoever, and exercise all or any of the rowers of holders or shares, stocks or securities thereof, and receive and distribute as profits the dividends and in terest on such shares and that the com pany may conduct business, have one or more offices, and purchase, mortgage, lease and convey real and personal property, or any estate or interest therein, In any part of the world, but always subject to the local laws. The charter of the Northern Securities company, on the other hand, expresses as objects of the company: To purchase, hold, sell, assign, transfer, mortgage, pledge or otherwise to dispose of shares of the capital stock of any other cor poration or corporations, association or as sociations of the state cf New Jersey or any other state, territory or country, and, while owner of such stock to exercise all the rights, powers and privileges of ownership, including the rights to vote thereon. ■ Can't Authorize Violation of Law. The point made to-day was upon the omission of the phrase "subject to the local laws" from the charter of the Se curities company and Its reiteration In the charter of the Carnegie company. Those who dwell upon the omission of the phrase from the Securities company char ter held that it was not within New Jer sey's province to confer upon one of her corporations power to do outside of New Jersey anything In conflict with the laws of whatever state the corporation might be acting in. For instance, the Securities company desires to exercise the right to vote upon the shares of the Minnesota railroad com panies which it has purchased; but this voting cannot be done in New Jersey, as the annual meetings of the railroad com panies are held in their home states, and it has been held by the federal supreme courts, for example, that Minnesota's law forbidding consolidation of railroad com panies in that state as valid, and that a consolidation of management may not be- effected there, even through the offices of a trustee. So, It was said, as Minne sota laws would not prevent this act in that state and as New Jersey had no right to grant any power to do in Minnesota things unlawful under the laws of that state, it remained for the Securities com pany to demonstrate that it could effect the purpose for which it was organized. One crucial point, according to a gen eral opinion, in the future of the Securi ties company, if it goes ahead as planned, will be reached when a Judicial ruling shall be asked on the question whether the company is "doing business" in the states of the west to whose laws its subsidiary companies are subject and to which it must be amenable if it "does business" in those states. PHILIPPINE GOODS Mr. (iuK't- Thinks Preient Tariff Law Needs Little Revision. Washington, Dec. 3. —The cabinet meet ing to-day was principally devoted to a discussion of the insular decisions handed down yesterday by the suprem court. It is believed the majority opinions of the court were in most respects satisfactory to the administration. It was pointed out that the ultimate results of the decisions are in a measure speculative, except that the customs duties collected In this coun try on goods shipped from the Philippines since the ratification of the Paris treaty will have to be refunded. It is not thought,' however, that the aggregate will be large, and Secretary Gage expects that it will be less than a million dollars. He called attention to the fact that the great portion of the imports from the Philippines are admitted free under our general tariff laws, notably hemp, which is a leading staple. The present Philippines tariff, Mr. Gage thinks, will need little or no revision. It was prepared after the most thorough investigation and is said to be highly satisfactory to the business interests of the islands. The preparation of a tariff on Philippine Importations Into the Unit ed States, however. Is expected to con sume considerable of the time of congress, but there is expectation that, pending a final settlement congress by Joint resolu tion may continue the duties ; imposed by the Dingley tariff and thus, cut off a flood of imports which might follow the an nouncement that all duties were removed. ALL LOOKING TO OUR M. C/S Congress Deeply Interested in N. Securities' Plans. MINNESOTANS TO LEAD They Must Take the Initiative in Any Litigation. STATE'S LINE OF ACTION CHOSEN Palter* Now Being Drawn In Pro* ceeding* to Prevent Propose Consolidation. , From The Journal Bureau, ICuom 48, JPo«# Building, Washington. Washington, Dec. —The Minnesota congressional delegation Is not ready to take any public stand regarding th» Northern Securities case, but probably be fore a great while will have had time to look it up and determine what, if any thing, can be done by congress. For the present, it is known here that Governor Van Sant, acting with the attorney gen eral and United States district attorney, is looking the matter up with a view to bringing action in the federal courts. The delegation is watching the governor's course, and will probably not do anything until after it has been made apparent that it is up to It to move. All congress is watching the Northern Securities case. Probably fifty prominent members of the house to-day asked Min nesota members if they (the Minnesota members) proposed doing anything in the way of proposed legislation. The press associations were also in terested and interviewed several mem bers of the delegation. It is conceded that if any attempt shall be made at con gressional action it -will originate with the Minnesota delegation. It is expected that Governor Van Sant will follow his Northern Securities com pany agitation with an agitation of the ore rate question. In view of his sud den and rather unlooked-for activity in the former case, it is regarded as a little * singular that he should have neglected for so long to take advantage of the op portunity given him by the ore rate sit uation to make a strong point against railway consolidation in northern Minne sota between lines which carry iron ore to the lake ports. The two cases are parallel, it is believed, and the ore rate case comes very near to the state be cause ihe linea are wholly within Minne sota territory. It is understood that the governor is to ask the attorney general to make an investigation, independently of the opinion of the railway and ware house commission, and there will b« "things doing" very soon. There is criti cism of the railway and warehouse de cision because it does not separate th» several sets of facts, and thus permit on« set to be taken into court without refer ence to any of the others. —W. W. Jermane. DOESN'T CONCERN NEBRASKA Governor Savasre'a Attitude Toward Northern Securities Company. Special to The Journal. Lincoln, Neb., Dec. 3.—lf Governor Savi~ age ever had any serious intention of op posing the consolidation of the Great Northern, Northern Pacific and Burlington he has about abandoned it, for the reason, he says, "that he can find no evidence that railroads operating in Nebraska have en tered into any combination." Ten days ago Governor Savage was out spoken in opposition to the reputed con solidation and said he would instruct the attorney general to take such action as was necessary to protect the people. The day following after conferring with tha attorney general and railroad men the governor retracted nearly all he had said and his position to-day is voiced by these words: "Whenever it is apparent that there has been a railro° 1 pool formed, definite and no uncertain action will be taken. But until then there is no use in becoming alarmed. Let Minnesota, Wash ington and other states fight their own battles. We will fight ours." DOUGLAS WILL ACT Prepares to Block Railroad Consoli dation by Lt'KHl Action. Attorney General Douglas will bring ao tion in the courts to prevent the railway consolidation. He has so informed Gov ernor Van Sant, and to set doubt at rest the governor gave out a definite statement late yesterday, as follows: Governor Van Sant reports that he is in formed by Attorney Geueral Douglas, front investigations the latter has made, that it has been decided to institute legal proceedings in opposition to the proposed consolidation of railway interests, and that papers ar© now la process of preparation. The attorney general declines to give any hint as to the remedy, or the method he will use to get the consolidators into court. He is preparing the papers, but does not care to inform the adversary as to his movements till ready for action. It is certain that whatever steps Minnesota takes will be independent of the federa. authorities. The authorities of Washing ton and Montana will probably co-operate, and it may be thought best to bring a dif ferent sort of action in each state, to In crease the chance of success. Governor Van Sant goes to Chicago to night to attend the convention of the Na tional Live Stock association. He is oo the program for an address. He will re turn the latter part of the week. It is not likely that legal proceedings will begin for a week or ten days. I'KAKS Vl.I. DECISION Northern Securities Follows Coarse Therein Indicated. Special to The Journal. New York, Dec. B.—The Wall Street Journal says: "Stress has been laid upon the Pearsall decision as a factor in the Northern Se- I curlties case. The Pearsall suit was brought to kep the Great Northern from carrying out an arrangement with th« holders of Northern Pacific stock whereby the Great Northern was to guarantee Northern Pacific bonds and receive North ern Pacific stock, with a traffic agree ment and division of earnings. The su preme court decided this was a virtual consolidation of two properties, stating that if the sole object of the agreement were to facilitate the Interchange of traffic there must be no objection, but the finan cial arrangements showed that nothing less than absolute control of the Northern. Pacific was contemplated. The court then went ou to point the way by which Groat