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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, December 14, 1901, Image 24

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Copyright, 190-1, by Kate Oreeuleaf Locke.
IHB dining-room, more than any
other room in the house, should
express the intention of the
house. The day for building
nondescript houses in this
country has passed. The artistic feeling
for unity, symmetry, harmony in the
building and furnishing of a home has
i hold of the people. If a house with
irs fittings does not always go the length
of being thoroughly Colonial, Dutch,
French or Old English in design, it must
express from its construction, to its final
details, some idea. Every part of it must
be molded to this one thought and assist
in its expression.
The furnishing of the dining-room
should indicate whether this idea be sim
ple or stately, whether the house is a
mansion or a cottage, and whether the
massive tapestried effects of a certain
old English style or the clean, straight
lined simplicity of the Colonial is the
scheme attempted. There is a point here
■which I wish to make very clear. It is
that when a richly furnished room is
heavy, when its strong and massive effects
become oppressive to the beholder, it is
spoiled; the large sums that have been
expended to make it attractive are wasted,
and its original intention is utterly lost.
On the same principle, if a dining-room
■which is designed to present the clear,
cool backgrounds and graceful furnishings
of the Colonial period is bare and scanty
In result It also is ruined. A thorough
A Hale and Hearty Octet of Scotch Minnesotans Who
Have Lived Long and Prospered.
Age. Children. Acres.
A. R. Moore •««»..•««. 88
Mrs. A. R. Moore 85 5 400
David Ogilvie 79
Mrs. David Ogilvie 70 11 G25
James Ogilvie ,». 74
Mrß. James Ogilvie 73 *10 IGO
Archibald Cardie 66
Mrs. Archibald Cardie 73 6 720
Average age, 76.
Total children, 32.
Total farm acreage owned. 1,805.
Total years spent in Minnesota, 374.
Special to The Journal.
Blue Earth, Minn., Dec. 7. —Scotch an
cestry, a few years of the breezes blow-
Ing down from th© Scotch highlands, fol
lowed by Wisconsin and Minnesota ozone
and blixzards, seem to be certain pro
ducers of longevity, if the eight persons
whose picture aocompanies this sketch may
be taken, as a type of the effect of* these
These eight parsons, A. R. Moore and
wife, David Ogilvia and wife, James Ogil
vla and wife, and Archibald Cardie and
wife, live near Blue Earth, Minn., are all
Scotoh Presbyterians, were born in Scot
land, and lived there the first twenty or
twenty-five years of their live*. They
did not all come from Scotland at the
same time, but the year 1858 found them
together in Jefferson county, Wisconsin.
In tnat year they came together to Minne
sota, and settled in Faribault county, Pilot
grove township. The land upon which they
settled was not yet In the market, but
choosing a location on the shore of a
ibeautiful lake about one mile long, they
built tlheir homes. Within a year or two
the land was opened to settlers. They
study of the sirbjoot of house furnishing
end a thoughtful attention to details Is
the only way to avoid these disastrous
A Modett Dinins-room.
I will suppose a tastefully arranged
home of modest pretensions. The idea
embodied is comfort —harmonious and at
tractive coloring with simple furnishings.
The hall, which is narrow, is rendered
spacious in effect by two wide openings
into parlor and dining room, one on either
side. If the hall coloring is the service
able and always, acceptable golden tan,
which combines so delightfully with Flem
ish oak furniture, a green dining room
will open into it with good effect. The
dining room furniture is probably oak, as
that can be bought more cheaply iv good
Bhapea than any other wood. The wood
work of the room is oak. A rather cool
shade of moss green combines well with
the yellow warmth of the woodwork; and
an ingrain paper or a calcomine wash in
this color is the thing to use on the walls.
I have a letter In hand from a corres
pondent, In which she bewails the fact
that her dining room is colorless and ugly.
When I read that she has wall paper of
mixed pattern in red, brown and tan
tones; that her carpet is a brown and tan
ingrain; that her furniture is oak; I am
not surprised that she finds the room un
endurable. If she will in imagination
replace this .unpleasant background with
the cool and restful green I have suggest
ed for. the wall^; and removing the ingrain
carpet, lay a matting and place a Targe
took the laud already chosen by them as
homesteads, and there they have lived
since, with in a mile of each other, reared
their families, and provided well for old
The oldest of the group, Mr. Moore, was
in his young manhood, a merohant in
Hamilton, Scotland, ten miles south of
Glasgow, when his health. became poor.
The physicians said that one lung was
gone, and that a trip across the water to
America might help him. He came an
invalid in 1850, and In 1901 is a hale and
hearty old man who will be 88 years old
the longest day of next summer, June 21.
His wife Is still a handsome old lady
whose eighty-fifth birthday was celebrated
by young people everywhere, on last Hal
loween. The others In the picture are
Just as young in spirit as they and almost
&s old in years. David Ogilvie is 79 and
his wife 70. James Ogilvie is 74 and his
wife 73: Archibald Cardie, 66, and his wife,
73 years old.
Each couple ha* raised a family of gen
erous numbers, the Moores 5 children,
David Ogilvie 11, James Ogilvie 10, and
i the Cardies 6. Most of these children are
w/^ 111 |H l«»r i?
green rug under the table, she will realize
for the first time the possibilities of this
"ugly room."
The room is never in fault. Anything
with wall 3 and a <.-eilinig, if it has win
dows cut to let in the sunshine and the
views out of doors, 'can be made actually
charming if properly treated in the fur
nishing. A delightful contrast to the
green of'the walls is the sheer, white
muslin—either dotted or plain—of the
window curtains, falling straight and un
ruffled to the sill. These curtains should
have a loose casing at the top, in which
the small brass rod which holds them is
run. A two-inch hem should finish the
bottom. Outside curtains, that is, straight
scarf curtains of plain green linen, taffeta,
denim or raw silk, hung over the outer
edge of the muslin, and also out to the
•sill, will add much to the coziness and
completeness of the room. When a beau
tiful fern on a slender bamboo stand is
set between the draperies of one of these
windows there could be no further use for
calling the room "hot, dry and ugly look
ing." It is restful, sweet and attractive.
But the furnisher must not stop here.
The wall spaces between the windows
miust not be left bare, nor must she spoil
the simple harmony of the room by hang
ing an odd lot of pictures in metal frames,
or those of white and gilt molding. She
should select from her stock the black
and white prints, or photographs or etch
ings, that will be appropriate to hang
here, and frame them with some degree
of uniformity. Fl«.£ frames of dark wood
or simple frame* ot ipina painted black
alive end living near Blue Earth in pros
perous surroundings.
They have all been successful in their
undertakings. Mr. Moore has acquired
400 acres of land, Mr. Cardie 720, David
Ogilvie 525, and James Ogilvie 160. They
live now in more than ordinarily com
fortable farmhouses, sevral of them lack
ing only electric lighting to make them
the equal in convenience and comfort of
most modern city residences.
Kse men have done their share in the
relations of life, having filled many
c most important .town and county
. ■> I
j ' < .'. ■ ■■ '■ ■ v~* ■■»'■•- -'\' ■ "?■** -^ ■ ■■ ■- J
look well against the plain walls. An oil
painting, if it has intrinsic value, and a
rich gold frame, should have the first
choice of space, and the smaller black
and whites should not be scattered vague
ly about, but will show to the best effect
if grouped with discretion. I do not mean
by this that the walls should be covered
with pictures; but to give a sense of com
pleteness there must be no great staring
B'pace left uncovered in any part of the
There are other objfets which decorate
a dining-room wall us effectively as pic
tures. Many of the Indian baskets, plaques
and bowls which can readily be found in
the western part of the United States
are flat in form and can be hung against
the wall. These plaques and shallow bowls
are so rich in softly blended colors as to
be highly decorative. If so hung that (he
proper lights touch them one can extract
much enjoyment from them merely as bits
of rich coloring on the wall.
Some of the relief pieces in plaster thac
are now sold so cheaply are really artistic
and fine, and when they are treated with
wax and a soft yellow tint will often fill
out a wall space mosc charmingly.
There is one thing that I would urge
strongly on the womsn who would rne'ta
morphose a commonplace and unattractive
room, and that is to resolutely discard all
objects, however prized for associations,
which fall below the artistic standard she
has set. A few compromises may de
stroy the charm of thid room. She must
feel the color scheme bo strongly that it
will be difficult for ncr to put an article
offices. Mr. Moore was a member of the
Minnesota legislature in 1876.
Mr. Moore was also the first elder in
the Blue Earth Presbyterian church. A
few years ago the Scotch community in
which these people live, built a pleasant
Presbyterian church in its midst, where
they now worship.
Mr. and Mrs. Moore have been married
63 years and celebrated their golden wed
ding in 1888. Mr. and Mrs. David Ogilvie
celebrated theirs this year, on which oc
casion this picture was taken.
Mr. and Mrs. James Ogilvie celebrated
theirs last year, and Mr. and Mrs. Cardie
will celebrate theirs in five years.
Eight more happy, contented and highly
respected people thau those who came
from Scotland a half century ago, and
have since stood the rigors and hardships
of a new and growing country in a God
fearing, conscientious manner, cannot be
found. They have exemplified that thought
from Wendell Phillips that "life is
neither a pain nor a pleasure, but a duty,
to be entered upon with earnestness and
the spirit of self-sacrifice."
—A. C. Tibbetts.
Locd Low Holiday Rates via the
Xorth-Westcrn Line.
Fare and one-third for the round trip
to any point within 200 miles of Minne
apolis and St. Paul. Tickets on sale, Dec.
24, 25, 31, Jan. 1, good to return Jan, 2,
1902. City ticket offices 413 Nlcollet ave
nue, Minneapolis, 352 Robert street, St.
No. 2—The Dining-room—General Outlines That In
sure a Graceful, Cheerful, Artistic Apartment, Expres
sive of the Intention of the House. -copyright 1901
in the room which threatens to destroy
this. With her green walls she can use
a ceiling of soft yollow cream or old Ivory.
The picture molding of oak, matching the
other -woodwork, shouii be set from a foot
to two feet below tbp ceiling line (de
pendent upon the Le.'frht of side wall)
and the yellow wasn should extend over
the ceiling and down to the picture mol:l.
If, when she has made these changes,
she yet feels there la something to be
done, she can make flac. rather hard cush
ions of green velourg ->r corduroy and fit
them to the seats of aer chairs. She can
tie these firmly in with green cord or braid,
and they will transform an ordinary oal
chair into something much more desirable
from a decorative point of vi«»w. Yellow
candle shades should break the green of
this rccm, and yell aw flowers should leco
rate t>e table.
Description of IlluNtrntioiis.
Illustration No. 1 shows a colonial din
ing-room which is almost faultless in its
furnishings. The color scheme is ivory
white and a strong rich green. The green
figure of the paper stands out clearly
against the white ground. The ceiling is
tinted a lighter green than the figure in
the paper, and the white enameled finish
of the woodwork is ivory in tone. The
chairs, which are particularly graceful
and correct in shape as expositions of the
period, are of mahogany and are seated
with dark green hair cloth. A fascinating
feature of this room is the breakfast al
cove in the sunny end of the room. This
alcove is an immense bay fifteen feet wide
"Candling" Eggs as a Fine Art
New York Mail.
The fact that a body of men who make
a business of "candling" eggs have found
It necessary to organize a labor union to
enforce a demand for shorter working
hours, has called attention to the fact
that about 500 men in this city support
themselves and their families by sorting
good eggs form bad. They are the guar
dians of -the local egg industry, and to
their sharp and practiced eyes New York
ers leave the question as to whether they
shall eat eggs that are good, bad or in
To the suburbanite -who keeps a few
hens, or has neighbors who keep hens,
and upon whom he can draw for a sup
ply of fresh eggs, the statement that New
Yorkers get real fresh eggs through the
regular sources cf supply is provocative of
derisive mirth. The suburbanite very
properly points out that the fact of its
being necessary to candle the egg is
prooif sufficient that the eggs are not
fresh, and that the term fresh is used in
the comparative cense, as showing that
the eggs are not too sitale for ordinary
table use.
Here, then, th« start, is made -with the
proposition that the fresh eggs received
and sold in this city in large quantities
must all toe candled and sorted out, ac
cording to the condition in which the
candler finds them, and the way in which
sl~^ ifev ■ . .ill: J 5V
1 having five windows towards the east.
The windows are draped uniformly with
sheer white organdie muslin, tied back
midway with white cotton cords and tas
sels. All coldness of effect is prevented
by the use of a valance and side curtains
in the alcove of green silk velours. This
curtain emphasizes and masses the
strongest shade of green in the paper.
The large Wilton rug with a flower bor
der is the only regretable feature of the
room. If upon the polished floor an or
iental rug had been used it would not have
broken the sugestion of the colonial
period, and would by its soft blending of
rich, indescribable tones, have given a
depth and glow to the room which it now
jVo. 2—A Mulberry Red Room.
The dark, yet vivid crimson of the Turk
ish rug iv the center of the dining-room
strikes the keynote of the scheme of deco
ration, and the wainscoting of ma
hogany beams of the ceiling is also a
oring. The plaster frieze of the walls
and the space between the heavy ma
hogany beams of the selling is also a
dark crimson, or, rather, a mulberry red.
Against this background the pewter steiiis
arranged above the mantel shelf show out
delightfully. The old English plate and
cut glass on the buffet also show up with
peculiar distinction in these surroundings.
The screen which hides the door to the
butler's pantry is also of bright green
leather ornamented with silver lines and
pewter nails. The mahogany chairs are
upholstered in crimson stamped leather.
lTl^mm^^m^mmmtmMitmUAM^mm^mmamAmmmmatMtmtAt^t^^tASi^mAmmmmmmim^^mammm^iiLiS^ i ti'Hu'wifiii n n n
—Photos by Edmund A. Brush, g and n South Fifth Street
he goes about his work and the results
achieved are decidedly interesting.
None but comparatively young men are
employed for thi3 purpose, and they must
have sharp eyes that are afbout perfect.
Complaints have been made that the
calling soon ruins the eyesight, and it is
probably true that, where primitive meth
ods are followed, the strain does affect
the eyes to a greater or less extent, but
where modern methods are pursued there
is heard no corn-plaint of this character.
In fact, several expert candlers told the
writer that they had been following the
business ifor from ten to twenty years,
and had yet. to learn that their sight' had
been affected in any way.
It must not be supposed, however, that
young men are preferred for the work, be
cause of their superior eyesight. They
must be deft and certain in their motions
and be able to stand the strain of handling
many thousand eggs a day. It seems a
simple and easy task to pick up an egg
and twirl it around before a light, and so
It is, for the first few hundred, but when
the same motion is continued hour after
hour an egg takes on weight with mar
velous rapidity, until at the end of the day
it seems a3 heavy as a ton of coal.
Candlers employed by the best houses
work ten hours a day on the average, ami
are fairly'well paid. Just now they work
longer than that, because this is the time
of year when they are rushed, but they
are paid extra for working overtime. The
wise employers do not permit their men to
work too long, even if they wish to, as the
employers believe there is a limit to the
amount of really good work a candler can
do in a day. When the candler is tired or
a bit inciliierer.t be is liable to mix some
second-claes eggs with the first quality and
soon there is trouble, and serious trouble,
with the customers of that particular firm.
The t.auuler begins his day'a labor by
donning a long apfoo and placing a num
ber of pan* and baskets within ■
of his left hand. Oa the right he has sev
eral coses of eggs to be sorted. Then he
turns on an electric light concealed in a
tin box placed on a level with his hands
he is sitting in a low chair, stooi or
lipturned egg crate, just as it happens.
all look'ns; glass is placed behind the
incandescent lamp to throw the light for
ward, and it cornea out white end strong,
through a hole in the front ana center of
the tin box. This hole is a little less than
two .nciies in diameter.
Here is seen a great improvement over
the old method, for it used to be that ihe
only light employed was furnished by a
candle, from which fact the egg tester got
his title of candler. The candles were
burned in a small compartment not much
larger than a telephone booth, which was
close and tight so that no light could enter.
No light could peuetrate this small space
and no more could the air enter, so that
on a warm day the candler endured much
suffering. The candle flame flickered and
wavered with every motion of his hands,
and it was then complaints were heard
that the eyes of candlers were affected by
DECEMBER 14, 1901.
All monotony Is done away with through
the medium of a table cover of Indian em
broidery end an ivory Aground, th.
licious old ivory tones that appear In the
antique Persian rug that lies along cue
side of the room, and the cream of the
Arabian curtains that hang at the win
dows. Some rare pieces of cloisonne in
blue and gr*-en on the mantel reproduce
the blues and greens in the rugs and ren
der the scheme one of absolute perfec
tion when great richness of effect is de
No. .{—Gobelin Blue.
I have used this photograph chiefly bp
cause I wish to point out the possib:
of the use of tapestry on the walls of a
dining-room. The deep frieze of panel
work with tapestry inset would be much,
more effective if the side walls wt >
plain color. To use this scheme of beams
<md paneling most effectively the space
between the ceiling beams should also be
washed in a strong plain color. To select
for side walls and ceiling a soft, dull
gobelin blue, and for the frieze a tapestry
which has mud of this color in its com
position, and to use this with beams and
woodwork of English oak, would secure
a beautiful room. The table should be of
polished oak and the chairs upholstered
with a tapestry which is of the same
genaral design and coloring as that use I
on the wall. The pattern of the figure,
however, should be ni<ueh smaller. With
heavy blue draperies over white lace cur
tains at the windows and a. rug with blue
tones on the hardwood floor, this would,
be an effective dining-room.
the strain put upon them in testing eggs.
The candle was followed by the oil lamp,
with a reflector behind it, which in turn
gave way to the electric light. To-day tha
candler does his work in a small space par
titioned oft by a couple of swinging cur
tains from a big room in which eggs are
Everything ready, the candler picks up
several eggs from one of the cases on his
right and pokes one end in the holo
through which the light shines. Qv.ick
as> a wink he turns it about, so the ligh:
shines through the other end, then turns
it from side to side. The four motions
are made in much less time tban it takc3
to tell it, and the egg is tossed to his left
hand and then deposited where it belongs.
If it is perfectly clear and the air space
in the end is small, it goes into the basket
as a Xo. 1. If the air space is large it is
of second quality and goes into a different
j basket. If there are red streaks in it, in
dicating tiat incubation has begun, it is
I placed in a third basket, and dark spots,
j varying in size, consign the egg to still
j other receptables. When an egg is slightly
j cracked it is placed apart, and should it
i be badly cracked there is a separate place
for it. All eggs of which the yolks are
not In proper position or show dark are
kept apart, and only those that are black
all through are discarded as useless.
Some eggs, the dealers say, s-how dark
spots because they have been kept too
long in tin pens, and they do admit that
all such are not strictly fresh eggs.
A candler must-see all thosre defects in
his rapid handling of the eggs and that id
j the reason he places it before the light In
j four different positions. There might be a
■ slight crack or a dark spot on one aide
i that he would fail to detect did he not turn
' b.»th sides to the light.
In his examination of the egg the
t candler makes seven motions by the ttme
\ he has placed it where it bslongs. A
candler cf ordinary skill will test thirty
[ five cases of eggs a day, and If ho hurries
a bit, will average four cases an, hour,
J making forty cases a day. jj Each ease
I contains thirty dozen eggs, so that In on«
I of hl3 busy days the candled bandies 1,200
! dozen or 14,400 eggs. To dispose of this
I number he must make 100,S00 motions,
| which he considers a fair number, when it
is remembered that they are always th*
same. Out of this total umber "of eggs
handled in a dry a good Her breaks
not more than a dozen and a half, and
for this he cannot be blamed, as some oJ
the eggs are bat'ly cracked and others ar«
S3 thin-ebelled that they crush under
ordinary pressure. Some, days candlers
will drop ■ dozen in an hour and ihen
again will run along for several hours
! without breaking one.
Ilomeieckem' Excnniovi.
On Dec. IT the Northern Pacific rail
way will again sell the round trip home
seekers' excuraion tickets to all points
west on their line in Minnesota, Dakota,
Montana and Washington at one first
ektu fare, plus $2.00 for the round trip.
The tickets are good for three weeks and
are good for stop-overs. Call at city
ticket office, corner Washington "■". and.
Nicollet ay, for full, particulars.

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