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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, December 21, 1901, Image 13

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1901-12-21/ed-1/seq-13/

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How Wealth Was Acquired by Al
Adams, Pronounced New
York's Meanest Gambler.
Brand New Form of Society "Graft
ing"— How a Book Affected
Wall Street Brokers.
New YorK Dec. 21.—Aa th© inevitable
corollary to the recent turmoil in the
police department, the gambling fraternity
has come in for a severe shake-up. That
Al Adams, the policy king, should have
been arrested and his professional appara
tus confiscated is one of the sharpest
shocks suffered by the gemblers in many a
day. Adams has been generally regarded
as unassailable, such have been his con
nections with the "powers that rule." But
apparently he has "been caught with the
goods on him" this time, to quote Deputy
Commissioner Devery, whose brother-in
law was one of the victims of the raid,
and it is difficult to see how he and his
confederates are going to escape Sing-
Sing, for the new auilpoliey law is ex
ceedingly stringent and very wide in its
Al Adams is a rare and curious type
of gambler. He is petty and mean; a.s
petty and mean as the wretched swindling
game by the control of which he has be
come a millionaire from the pennies of
the very poor. There is no other man in
New York who is at once so well known
by name and so little known by personal
ity. All his work is done under cover.
He never appears in any of his policy
joints, but handles the business through
Gambler of Another Character
Shortly after the Anti-Policy Society's
round-up of the Adams gang the police
undertook a raid on a gambler of very dif
ferent character. ""The" (Theodore) Al- i
Jen's name is as widely notorious as that i
of Al Adams. Personally he is known to'
a thousand persons where Adams is
known to ten. He does not stand in with
the police; he defies them. Time after
time his pool rooms have been raided, but
ho has always opened up again with un
diminished cheerfulness. Everybody
knows that he Is one of the proprietors of
the places. In ordinary conversation he
readily admits it, but to prove this is an
entirely different matter. Here it is that
the authorities are always baffled. The
wily "The" is frequently arrested but
never caught. He always contrives to be
somewhere else when the raiders arrive,
or to elude their vigilance and escape. In
a sense he is popular; that ip, he has the
tolerant admiration of the average New
Yorker who likes a gambler to be square
and above board in his dealings, even
though those dealings be illegal. That he
New Method of ''Grafting" in Society
That was a significant defense put
forward by Mrs. Theodore Sutro in the
suit brought against her by a "soma
topathist" for payment of services ren
dered. A somatopathist, it appears from
the definition given by this particular
specimen, is a practitioner who corrects
physical irregularities or diseases by
manpulation and desensitization of the
patient. "Dr." Ward manipulated and de
sensitized Mrs. Sutro to the extent of $90,
but failed to get the money. Mrs. Sutro's
defence to the suit was that "she had
agreed that in full exchange for his serv
ices to her she would introduce him to
her many friends and acquaintances and
induce them to patronize him." This Is
what is known to many tradesmen, to
their grief in most eases, as "society
grafting." It is practiced almost entirely
by women. The women are, or are sup
posed to be, persons of influence In so
ciety as Mrs. Sutro is in a certain set.
They will go to a dealer in some comnio-
Why He Didn't Buy the Whole Edition
Ordinarily Wall street cares nothing for
literature, at least in business hours. But
a recent book of Wall street stories is an
exception to this rule. The financial dis
trict regardß this particular work of fic
tion with profound interest and with
equally profound approval. It regards the
book as a "knock" and this is not the
time when operators in stocks wish to
have attention called to the methods of
the street. "It's hard enough to catch
suckers anyway without this sort of thing
stirring up suspicion." is the comment
of one 3tock exchange member, while
another bitterly observes. "It's a won
der they didn't put the text on the cover
of the book: 'A fool and his money are
soon parted.' " The trouble is that the
stories are based on fact, and the thinly
veiled characters of the magnates of the
Everything Favors the Bears in Wall Street
There wa3 no great amount of outside
selling In the stock market this week.
Conditions which prevailed then were the
severests tests the market has been sub
jected to and the way it stood that test
waß the most encouraging sign the bulls
have had for two months. Everything
was against the market. Everything
favored the bears. The result justified
two conclusions. One is that there is no
disposition on the part of the public to
sell out. We have seen the operators try
ing to induce outside buying, now we see
them making thoir utmost strenuous ef
forts to bring about outside selling. In
both cases they have failed; if the bears
had succeeded this week we should have
had A paaio. The second conclusion is,
Tunnel to Transform a District
How far-reaching the effects of the
Pennsylvania railway's tunnel scheme
will be upon this city is a matter beyond
estimate now, but it cannot be doubted
two agents whom "he has so bound to him
self that they dare not be other than hon
est with him. His relations with the
police are well-defined. It is understood
that he h to have the sole and undis
puted privilege of running policy shops in
the city. Formerly he had also the gen
eral gambling house privileges in certain
parts of the city, but these have been
taken from him. That Is why, when his
storehouse was raided, a large collection
of roulette, faro, Klondyke and other
gaming outfits were found. There was
"nothing doing" in that line, and they
were laid away to await a favorable sea
son. Adams is a man of about 60 years.
He dresses very handsomely, though
quietly, and looks like a prosperous pro
fessional man, but when he opens his
mouth this illusion is dispelled, for his
speech is that of an uneducated and illit
erate person. He is not of the "sporting"
type; teldom appears in public places,
does not often attend prize-fights, the
race track or other festivities dear to the
heart of the "sport." His one passion
seems to be the accumulation of real
estate. All the profits of his policy shops
go into New York city property. He owns
many fine apartment houses whose em
inently respectable tenants would be sur
prised if they knew that their landlord
was the noted policy king. Adams is
married and has a family of daughters,
to whom he is said to be deeply attached.
His one protest when he has appeared un
favorably in the public prints has been
that it would injure their prospects.
should be well-liked is strange in a way,
for he has not an intimate or a friend in
the world. He wants none. Like the
apostle, he has said-*though not in his
haste —that all men are liars. This is
his •creed. In his seventy-odd years of
life he has found nothing in his fellow
men to make him believe them worthy of
confidence or liking. One man there was
whom he respected—perhaps even loved.
I saw him shed tears over the body of
Billy Kelly, the reformed gambler, who
died working as a slum missionary. As
Allen left the little Water street mis
sion chapel where the funeral services
were held he said: "There was the only
man in New York that I'd trust to walk a
block on the street with me." It is a fact
that he is always alone. It has been his
tendency for many years to shun his fel
lows and since he killed a man in a fra
cas eight years ago this habit of distrust
ful solitude has grown upon him. Allen
is a little, weazened man of considerable
muscular agility despite his age. He
needed this on the occasion of the recent
raid, as it appeared, when the police final
ly broke down the doors that he had airily
slid down a rope from a third-story wia
dow and quietly walked away.
dity and suggest that if he will keep them
supplied they will praise his goods to all
their friends. A new and aspiring florist
has a dozen society women "on his staff"
in this way. There are numbers of dames
of greater or less prominence who would
never think of paying anything for having
photographs taken. Cosmetics, lotions,
and various beautiflers are to be had
gratis by those who are adroit enough to
show how they can advertise the articles
among their acquaintances. I know a
woman who bears one of the best known
names in Xew York and who is nothing
less than the paid agent of a certain brand
of champagne, nor is all her pay taken
"in trade," either. She is supplied with
the wine, ed libitum, and gets a nice little
amount of pin-money every month also.
It has remained for the ingenuity of Mrs.
Sutro, however, to Introduce this method
into the learned professions, and we may
now expect to sco artists, architects and
■perhaps lawyers, doctors and ministers
tendering their professional services in
return for judicious exploitation by the
feminine elite.
street—Morgan, Keene, Sage, Gould, and
others—are drawn sometimes in a man
ner more frank than flattering. Shortly
after the book appeared Edwin Lefev- j
re, the author of it, who is the financial
ejjitor of one of the evening papers was !
accosted by a broker.
"I've just finished reading with a great
deal of interest those stories of yours " i
said the broker.
"I'm glad you liked them," said Mr '
Lefevre, politely.
"Liked them!" said the broker.
Ttaeres only one thing that prevented
me from buying the entire edition."
"What is that?" asked the author, much
"The knowledge that as soon as I'd
burned it un the publishers would get out ;
another," growled the financier as he '
turned h!s back. I
that the bears are partly organized and
nave no strong leaders. James R Keene
used to lead them, but he turned bull after
th Meth CIOA °f Mr- McKinley and it was
said that the so-called large interests in
the street gave him financial and official
connection in the bull plans. It was he
who managed the rise. So far as the
street can make out, he is still the bull
leader. The condition of the market last
week would indicate alone that the bear
campaign failed. " Another effort will be
made this week, and the test will still be
worth watching namely the outside sell
ing if the market sustains the pressure
of this week. Wall stret is confidently ex!
pecting a sharp turn for the rise in the
last week in December and after the open
ing of the Xew Year.
tha^ the entire aspect and character of
that part of the city where the station is
10 be, will be altered and it would not
be surprising if the whole theater and
And Some of the People We Would Like to Consign to It.
hotel district which is in close' proximity,
should undergo a radical change as the
result of establishing a great terminal
station there. The Pennsylvania com
pany's plan—and it is a stupendous one—
is to tunnel under the North river for
connection with New Jersey, and under
the East river for connection with Long
Island, and to operate the trains by elec
tricity. One of the most immediate and
beneficial effects will be felt In the im
mediate vicinity of the station, which is
to be at Seventh avenue and Thirty-third
street. At present Thirty-third street,
between Sixth and Seventh avenues, is
the most squalid and one of the most dis
reputable blocks in the whole tenderloin
district. It v/ill hardly be able to main
tain this character after the new station
is put in, and the adjoining blocks south
of there, which are now thick with dis
orderly houses, are likely to experience
a salutary cleaning-up as the result of
the appreciation in the value of property
that is sure to come.
Probably ninety-nine New Yorkers out
of a hundred would say that the proposed
tunnel will be the first ever carried under
either of the great rivers that bound the
city. There has been, however, for sev
eral years a tunnel connecting one of
the outlying parts of Long Island City
with Manhattan Island. This passes
under the East river and Blackwell's
Island. It Is a gas tunnel, but it is big
enough for a small hand-car railroad to
be operated therein. There is also a hal/
completed tunnel under the North river,
on which the work was stopped several
years back because of engineering diffi
culties. But nothing on the great scale
of the Pennsylvania project has ever been
even attempted before. —Duane.
Headquarters of Third Regiment,
MicliiK-im National Guards.
Special to The Journal.
Sault Ste Marie, Mich., Dec. 21.—Colonel
Robert J. Bates, of the Third regiment,
Michigan National Guard, has decided to
locate here. This means that the regi
mental headquarters -will be removed from
Ironwood to the Soo. The local military
band will be made the regimental band.
I %. ~~~^ S *■— —
With the opening of the university,
after the Christmas vacation, will take
place the first of the three debates be
tween Minnesota and other western uni
versities. Friday night, Jan. 10, in the
university chapel, the debaters of Chicago
and Minnesota universities will discuss
the question, "Resolved, that the action
of the United States in granting the fran
chise to the negro, was hasty and ill-ad
vised." Minnesota will support the nega
tive of the question. Her representatives
will be Hugo J. McLrfsarn, Willis I. Nor
ton and Benjamin Drake, Jr.
A new plan was followed this year in the
selection of debaters for intercollegiate
contests. In place of the former arbitrary
selection from among the members of the
Federal society, the debating association
this year held a series of semifinal con
tests, four in ell and one free-for-all con
test to which all debater* were eligible.
British Columbia Engineer
Hafe a Theory.
Fabulous Outputs From Ancient
; Inca Mines Assured.
Perfect Transportation by -[ Aerial
Trains and \*-w liineH—Labor
Dirt Cheap.
' ■ • i*
Special to The Journal.
Victoria, B. C, Dec. —Two months
ago the stock of the Amalgamated Copper
company was quoted at 119. To-day it
stands at 66%. Some few days ago B. C.
Riblet of Nelson, B. C, a well-known,
mining engineer and aerial tramway con
structor, returned from the Sierra Del
Pasco mines of Peru, and he tells a story
which shows plainly, the reason for the
great slump in the copper market, and
evidently the end is not yet.
Mr. Riblet went to Peru some five '<■
months ago to undertake the construction
of an aerial tramway for the Sierra Del
Pasco mines, which are owned by a large
English corporation, in which the Roths
childs have the controlling interest. These
mines are situated 180 miles inland from
Chimboto, and a railroad 120 miles iv
length reaches to Cuidad. Hitherto the i
The six winners in these debates met in a
final contest in which the above gentle
men were the successful contestants. The
question debated in all of the contests
was that of the Chicago-Minnesota debate.
In this manner it was expected that the
best debaters would be secured and each
would h«.ve debated both sides of the
question and would be familiar with its
aspects. As a stimulus to good work,
Professor Maria Sanford offered prizes of
$75, $50 and $25 to the debaters who should
secure places on the team.
The team selected is a. strong one and
will ably uphold Minnesota in her defense
of the enfranchisement of the colored man.
Its members are hard at work upon the
question to be debatedi
Hugo J. McLearn, who took first place
in the finals, is a debater of great ability.
He excels especially in his grasp of the
subject and In his ability as an extempo
raneous speaker. He is a graduate of the
Valparaiso, Ind., normal, class of '98, and
output of the mine 3, which were discov
ered by the ancient Incas, has been trans
ported by 15,000 llamas to Cuidad for
shipment on the railroad. Mr. Riblet con
structed a gravity tram 23,000 feet long
and with a fall of 8,000 feet, having a ca
pacity of 500 tons of ore a day from the
mines to the town of Sierra Del Pasco,
and also constructed a railway from the
town of Sierra Del Pasco to connect with
th© line already built to the coast, and
this railroad to Cuidad is expected to be
in working order by April next.
Mr. Riblet says the Sierra Del Pasco
mines, which have been worked as a sil
ver producer for over 400 years, contain
th© largest body of high grade copper ore
in the world. The Spanish, previously
working the property, being unable to
treat th© copper, left it untouched since
the time the mine was first opened, and,
as a consequence, the company will have
at least five years' ore supply ready for
The mines are'situated 8,000 feet above
the sea and are on an immense ledge,
which runs through for over a thousand
feet. Although the mines have been
worked by European methods sine© the
occupation of Peru by the Spaniards, th©
greatest depth attained is but 400 feet.
In twelve months, says Mr. Riblet, the
Sierra Del Pasco mines of Peru will be
able to add many thousands of tons of
pure copper per annum to the world's
production, and the supply of ore Is inex
haustible. The company expects to be
able to land copper at Valparaiso within
twelve months from now at 7 cents a
pound, and whereas copper is now selling
at 13 cents a pound, the cheapness of the
supply from the Peruvian mines will make
the output no inconsiderable factor in the
copper market.
The cheapness of the ore, owing to the
fact that th© transportation facilities will
be perfect and the labor is, perhaps, the
cheapest in the world, has, it is said, done
much to cause the slump in copper stocks.
Mr. Riblet lived for years at Ordway S D
and Is a son of W. J. Riblet, late of Aberdeen'
Whale still a young man he moved to the
western mining country and became an ac
knowledged expert in mining engineering,
having planned and executed some remarkabie
projects in the coast region. He is in the
prime of life and has had a unique pro
fessional experience in the United States and
Canada and now in the southern continent
is a member of the '03 law class of the
university. He is a member of the Kent
and Federal literary societies. His ex
perience in debate covers three years in
literary societies and inter-society con
Willis I. Norton, winner of second
Place is a graduate of Marshall high
school, class of '99, and is c junior aca
demic. He is a member of Castalian and
Federal literary societies and has had two
years 'experience in debate. As a de
bater he is forcible and logical, excelling
perhaps in oratorical ability.
Benjamin Drake, Jr., who took third
place is a graduate of the Minneapolis
East high school class of '98. He i 8 a
junior academic and a member of Shako
pean and Federal litererary societies the
former of which he has represented 'in a
number of debating and oratorical con
tests. He is especially strong as a de
bater in his command and flow of words
and in clear, elegant diction, ',
Social Democratic Labor Opinion
Not Flattering to the American
Conciliation Committee.
German Syndicate Purposes Doing
Business if the U. S. Doesn't
Get the Danish Islands.
Berlin, Dec. 21.—Labor opinion in Ger
many represented by the social democracy
views the newly organized American con
ciliation committee with mingled contempt
and ridicule. "Nonsense" and "moon
shine" are the terms employed by Paul
Singer, the socialist leader in the reich
stag, when discufesing the belief that the
formation of the committee markedi an im
portant step toward the permanent settle
ment of the labor problem in the United
States. Said Herr Singer:
The object of the committee is to make a
glittering addition to the economic paradoxes
America has given the world. Labor and
capital are like oil and water—not made to
mix. Their needs and aims have always
been aud always must be diametrically op
posed. The plundered and the plunderers can
never find community of interest. Hanna, at
the head of this tribunal, hopes to rob the
economic issue of historical perplexities. This
is amusing but not inspiring. How many
votes did Samuel Gompers get?
Cabled reports of newspaper comment
to the effect that the 'antagonism of capi-
Holiday Philanthropy Breaks Out in London
London, Dec. 21.—T0-day the philan
thropic holiday festivities began and the
distribution of enormous quantities of
food will continue until the new year.
Churches, missions and charity societies
of all kinds, as well as private persons
throughout the city, according to the tes
timony of exports, will dispense substan
tial Christmas cheer on a scale hitherto
unsipproached. John Kirk, secretary of
the Ragged School Union, whioh looks
after needy children in 152 affiliated board
schools said to-day:
Whether or not the nation feels the neces
sity of laying an unusually heavy tribute on
itself as a matter of conscience I cannot say,
but the organized provision for feeding and
nlothing the poor this year breaks all rec
ords. Personally I ettribute this fact to the
general deepening of the Christ spirit in
prosperous quarters. I feel warranted in
saying that not a single poor man, woman or
child in London, deserving or undeserving,
will be left out in the lavish distribution of
good things.
Protest Against Arbitrary Military System
Paris, Dec. 21.—The third Instance
within the past three months has just
occurred of a French youth refusing to
serve in the army on the plea either of
religious convictions or of a determina
tion to protest against the nation's arbi
trary military system. Private Deressol
of the garrison at Belfort now declares
that no punishment will induce him again
to carry arms, since it is clearly forbid
den by Christian doctrines. Therefore,
the government will courtmartial him to
morrow, after which Deressol will b«
promptly sent to join a rough African
regiment In order that insubordination
may be beaten out of him. The military
authorities are growing disturbed at the
frequent recurrence of such cases, which
they declare began with the pernicious
Java Being Desolated by Cholera
The Hague, Dec. 21.—Appalling reports
of the ravages of cholera in Java have
just been received. It is asserted by
Javanese newspapers that 5,637" natives
died of cholera in the district of Samar
ang in a period of six weeks. The news
papers assert that the bulletins relating
to the cholera which are posted around
Englishmen Calling for Underground Wires
London, Dec. 21.— The break-dcrVn In
the English telegraphic system, which is
still in a state of semi-chaos as the result
of the recent severe storms, has produced
a widespread demand for underground
wires. This system is already in use be
tween London and Birmingham and is be
ing extended northward. The postofflc©
authorities pfcint to the tremendous ex
pense which will be involved in changing
from overhead to underground wires,
throughout the United Kingdom, but those
who are agitating for the change main
tain the loss caused by the recent storms
Londoners Say 'Em Right"
London, Dec. 21.—The verdict in the
cases against Theodore and Laura Jack
son (Diss de Bar) is upheld by every right
thinking and self respecting member of
the community, but the opinion prevails
that the woman merited a linger term of
penal servitude than the seven years to
whioh the judge sentenced her. Fortun
ately the jury was spared the disagreeable
duty of going through the "ocean of filth,"
with which expression the Recorder in
his charge characterized the evidence
Saturday Review Keeps On "Knocking" Us
London, Dec. 21.—The Saturday Review
endeavors to show that the ratification of
the canal treaty by the senate is not a
matter that should cause any satisfaction
here. It says:
If Britain were England the treaty might bo
accepted as a passable compromise, but, as
Britain includes Canada, and the United
States i 9 not synonymous with Amerioa, the
Rosebery and His New Campaign
London, Dec. 21.—Lord Rosebery's fam
! ous speech at Chesterfield is perhaps des
tined to have widespread consequences,
but la good deal depends on Campbell-
Bannerman and many prominent members
of the op- the-war party, who are , grad
ually becoming convinced that Lord Rose
bery is the only man under whom the lib
erals can with any „ hope of success per
suade the government to discuss terms of
peace with the Boers, and not a few of
them are in favor of urging Campbell -
Bannerman to invite Rosebery to take up
the official position as leader of the
jiarty. A^uiUi's speech at BUfttqa was a
tal and. labor in the United States of for*
elgn origin" also provoked the resent*
ment of Herr Singer, who said: "Home*
stead and Pullman were not made in Bu*
rope. They sprang from the soil thad
breeds Rockefellers."
Copenhagen, Dec. 21.—The report that
Germany is interestedly watching the ne-«
gotiations for the- Bale of the Danish
West Indies to the United States is re
vived in a modified form. It is said that
a syndicate was formed in 1889 with thq
object of taking advantage of the situa
tion if Denmark and the United State*
do not reach an agreement. The prin
cipal feature of the scheme is to make*
a first-class harbor at the island of St,
John and build extensive docks. Thai
correspondent further says that he learna
that Herr Ballin, director of the Ham-«
burg-American steamship company, la
largely interested in the scheme, which i»
approved by Emperor William.
The most picturesque affair of the sea
son will be at the Guild hall on New-
Year's night, when the lord mayor will
entertain 1,300 of the poorest children of
the metropolis at a. banquet. On New
Year's day the lord mayor will personally
supervise and dispatch hampers of food
to needy crippled children, this act typi
fying the city's sympathy with those svha
The king and queen, surrounded by
many members of the royal family, will
spend Christmas at Sandringham, where
a shooting party will gather Monday.
London is emptying fast of fashionable
people who are hurrying to the country
to hold their festivities and large parties
are gathering at nearly all the great
homes in the United Kingdom. The
South African war and the court's partial
mourning seem in no way to have affected
the nation's determination to celebrat*
the season with more than usual zest.
example of Private Goudronnier, who*
after living a dozen years in the United
States, returned to France at the age ol
21, animated "by lawlessness and a falsa
idea of liberty masked in the guise off
evangelical Christian convictions." Ha
suffered four years of imprisonment rathet*
than serve that time in the army. As qi
consequence of these acts of rebellion
against military service, it is believed
even in militarist quarters that it would
be wise to reduce the length of service
to two years. A plan for such reduction
was favorably reported yesterday by a
committee of the senate. It is also pro-*
posed to pass a law forbidding FrencM
youths to make their homes in othep
countries before finishing their militar/
service, such a course "lending to cor*
rupt and weaken their patriotic instincts.'*
the- town of Semarang give no more than(
one-tenth of the actual deaths. In Ken
dal, a small district, many villages ara
empty of Inhabitants, all of whom hava
either died or fled from their homes. Botlj
Europeans and natives in the region af
fected by the contagion are in a state of
would have gone far towards defraying
the outlay which the postofflce dreads.
It Is estimated that London alone lostJ
£200,000 by the breakdown of the tele
graph wires while the railroads calculate
their loss from the same cause at about
£40,000. Another objection put forward
by the government is Jhat underground
wires are slower and harder to work thaa
overhead wires. Though the damage was
Inflicted over a week ago, telegraphic and
telephonic communication between Lon«
don and the provinces is still in«omplete l
and, in some Instances is not yet r«4
placed before the police magistrate at
Marylebone. This w.is due to the fact
that a conviction was obtained on the first
of numerous indictments presented. A more
extraordinary career than that of the
prisoners and a more sensational story
than that unfolded at the trial has neve*
been revealed before in an English court
of Justice. The prisoners conducted thelp
defiant attitude at times provoked a serlet
defiant atltude at times provoked a series
of scenes which the judge was unable to
true measure of the excellence of this trtatjp
from the point of view of a British politician
is Canadian dissatisfaction plus the complac
ency of the United States. Practically speak
ing, the canal is the private property ot
Washington, and the civilized world may b«
made to feel the effects of any irritability with
which the government may be affected from
time to time.
notable blow Btruck In the campaign
initiated by Lord Rosebery. His propo
sal, however, that the conclusion of the
war should be followed by a-generous
measure of amnesty does not find much, '
favor in the undonlst circles. The Globa :
thinks the time has. not arrived for dis
cussing amnesty and raises its vole© lav
protest against Asqulth's analogy O f the)
policy pursued towards the south by th«
north at the end of the American oivii !
war and that the question of. amnestjf 1
mainly concerns the cape rebels. Th»u >
Globe ses no points of; resemblance; tie- i
tween their position ts<i that at inlrilnirff
of Up «outii,^ * mtirVf 1
**- -*■ x-» ..

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