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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, December 21, 1901, Image 16

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1901-12-21/ed-1/seq-16/

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Payable to The Journal Printing: Co,
Delivered by Mail.
One copy, one month. ..... $0.35
One copy, three months '....!.......' 1.00
One copy, i,lx. m0nth5... ............. 2.00j
One copy, one year 4.00
Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50
Delivered by carrier
One copy, one week 8 cents
One copy, one month 35 cents
' Single copy 2 cents
Average for XI 7 "7 . X
November. 1 * M
Dec. 2.... 51,220
Dec. 3 51,471
Dec. 4 51,068
Dec. 5 50,923
Dec. 6 51,095
Dec. 7 52,807
Dec. 9 51,316
Dec. 10 51,333
Dec. 11 51,323
Dec. 12 50,902
Dec. 13 51,163
Dec. 14 52,085
Dec. 16 50,613
Dec. 17 I 50,700
Dec. 18 50,640
Dec. 19 50,562
Dec. 20 50,507
The above is a true and correct statement
of the circulation of The Minneapolis Journal
for dates mentioned.
Manager Circulation.
Sworn and subscribed to before me thl*
21st day of December, 1901.
Notary Public, Hennepln County.
Changing Form of the Novel
W. T). Howells, the dean of American
literature and uncompromising champion
of realism, has found in a number of new
volumes of fiction, signs that romanticism
is wearing itself out. On the very crest
of the "cataclysinal tide" of the novel that
has been called the dime novel glorified,
Mr. Howells finds the sign of better things
in what he styles "psychologism." This
pyschologism is the saving leaven in the
mass of iiction now sunk so low, so Mr.
Howells thinks, that the word "novelist" is
the synonym of all that is morally false
end mentally despicable.
In the December number of the North
American Review Mr. Howells lays bare
this psychologibm as he has detected it
In some eight novels or collections of
stories that are now offered the Christ
mas present maker. It is with the joy
of the shepherd who has found the hun
dredth stray sheep, the joy of a mother
who sees in her wayward boy signs of re
turning reason and moral balance that Mr.
Howells finds that in "The Right of Way"
Gilbert Parker has at last got away from
the world, "where mere determinism
rules, where there is nothing but the hap
pening of things, and wher this one or
that one is important or unimportant ac
cording as things are happening to him
or not, but has in himself no claim upon
the reader's attention." In this critique
Mr. Howells succintly states, though not
definitively, the differenc between the
novel that is in vogue and what he holds
to be the highest form of the novel. In
the romantic novel the interest lies in the
chance of the story. Things happen, and
the interest is in the happening. It is a
sort of gamblers' interest. What will the
next deal reveal? But in the realistic
novel deeds are performed by men,
things come to pass rather than happen.
The course of life is directed by will not
determined by chance only, especially the
chance that always fights on the- side of
the hero and to the confusion of his
These are some of the ideas that one
gets from what Mr. Howells writes about
"The Right of Way." Beyond this it
must be added that the roinaniticism
which Mr. Howells so triumphantly pro
claims as decadent, is intellectually
squalid, as it could hardly not be and be
true to its name.
Novelists come and go in schools and
they and the novel readers are both true
to their times. When the people want
mushy romance, impossible virtue, infalli
bly good fortune, they get it. The ro
mantic novel came back into popularity
simultaneously with the revival of the
fighting spirit throughout the world. With
the memory of old wars dim in the new
generations conflict was glorified, force
was admired and onto the stage came the
swashbuckler, his heart on his arm, his
sword in his hand. This appetite for the
providentially helped hero was whetted
by the fact, too, that the people had been
sated with a realism that overstepped it
self and became repulsive naturalism and
bruitism; a realism in which attention was
concentrated on the photography of the
baser side of base men and women.
But now there are signs that the public
has got its full of the man who fights
alwaj'3 on the side of fortune, who is so
very good that his perfection disgusts us.
We are again turning back towards the
novel of realism, the novel where men do
and die silently and determinedly, where
thoughts grow into actions and wishes
into deeds; where the characters are no
better than humanity allows and where
the "unhappy ending" is not forbidden.
Wo have had about enough of mere senti
mentalism and strong muscles. We
yearn for reason and strong minds. We
have been disillusioned of our ideas of
war. In Greece, in China, in Manchuria,
in South Africa and in the Philippines we
have not found the killing of men so fine a
thing as the romancers have told us.
Somehow death in battle, wounds and dis
ease, fire and famine, grimly necessary
though they may be, are not what we
dreamed they were. And being awakened
we wish to have our novelsi and novelists
come out of their enchantment and deal
with the world that Is.
Americans have such a way of "speak
ing out in meeting" that it sometimes
leads to indiscretion and trouble for
persons who forget that they have- an
oSicial capacity. General Miles certainly
erred when he expressed the belief that
Schley has been persecuted by a navy de
partment clique. That Is, he ought not
to have said anything about it.
The fact that ground was broken yes
terday for the St. Louis exp6sition re
minds us that the time is but short un
til the Liouisiana Purchase Exposition,
which will probably be the greatest of all
expositions, will open its gates. Minne
sota must be creditably represented at
this exposition. It is right at our door
and it has a stronger claim on us than
any of the preceding expositions. Every
Louisiana Purchase state ia logically ex
pected to make a fine showing there. Min
nesota must not only spend a large sum
of money, but it must spend it well. To
the latter end it is necessary that the
money should be appropriated at the
.special sesion of the legislature. It is,
indeed, most fortunate that we are to
have a special session, for it would never
do to wait until 1903. We would suggest
that $100,000 would be about the right
The Course of Business
During the week the country's greatest
railroad made public the plans of its
management along the line of betterments
for the coming year. The Pennsylvania
company will spend $20,000,000 in 1902 for
freight ears; ?1,000,000 for locomotives
and $6,000,000 for passenger cars, a total
of $27,000,000 for new rolling stock. The
public was also made acquainted some
what in detail with the plan of this
company to build a grand central passen
ger station in the heart of New York City,
and to tunnel the Hudson and also the
East river. This involves a minimum ex
penditure of $50,000,000, and what with
new bridges, new stations and other im
provements, the Pennsylvania company
stands to expend close to $100,000,000 be
fore work bow mapped out shall have
been completed. How much this makes
for the continued prosperity of the coun
try, is too obvious to require extended
comment. Other roads have planned to
expend large sums; the Pennsylvania is
taken as the leading example.
It was Andrew Carnegie who said that
iron is either a prince or a pauper. A
strong steadying influence is certainly
needed at this time to hold prices within
bounds and prevent the establishment of
unsafe levels with subsequent disturbing
reactions, and this is claimed to be one
reason prompting- tLa action of the United
States Steel corporation in practically
dictating that the price of Lake Superior
bessemer ores shall remain unchanged in
1302. at $4.25.
The car situation remains the one
drawback to the trade. At Pittsburg
100,000 tons of finished, material is piled
at the mills awaiting the ability of the
railroads to move it.
An exceptionally heavy distribution of
holiday goods was made during the week.
Those lines especially required for Christ
mas trade led in actively but the old
staple lines held up as well. Failures for
the week were 265 against 203 last year.
Bank clearings far the week were $2,
--374,918.052, with $790,310,428 outside of
New York. Of twelve leading centers
Minneapolis shows the largest gain at 31.3
increase, the figures being $15,776,988
against $12,018,276.16 last year.
The Amalgamated Copper directors met
on Thursday, and the stock market hung
on this as of vital importance. The feel
ing now among leading operators, as re
flected by the current comment is that the
declaration of a dividend of 1 per cent re
moves a serious menace to the general
market. The passing of the dividend was
feared and this would have been a blow to
favorable sentiment. It is- believed cop
per has (had its day as an adverse in
fluence, and the stock should now settle
into a position corresponding to industrial
stocks of the 4 per cent class.
Call money remains unsettled but time
loans are obtainable on easier terms.
Unlesssomething unforseen shallarise, the
financing of next month's heavy disburse
ments will cause no disturbance.
Cold weather over the southwest put
firmness into the wheat market. Nerv
ousness was felt despite the fact that all
advices show the winter wheat territory
covered by snow, and the plant protected
against any but the most severe weather.
Antwerp bought some wheat in New York
and being the first foreign business for a
time it was a help to firmness. The har
vest is now on in Argentine and that
country will soon foe sending its new
wheat to Europe, yet if the estimate made
and reiterated by Broomhall, that Argen
tine will have only 16,000,000 bushels sur
plus is anywhere near correct, there should
be no uneasiness on that score. From
January 1, 1901, to date, Argentine
shipped 31,286,000 bushels compared with
71,578,000 bushels in 1900, or a decrease of
40,292,000 bushels, and if Argentine is not
to have over 16,000,000 bushels exportable
surplus from the crop now being har
vested it means the practical elimination
of that country this year as a competitor.
The new postmaster general is talking
penny postage, though, by the way, the
word penny in this connection is a sole
cism—since we have not pennies but cents
in this country. The day when a cent
stamp will carry a sealed letter will be
welcomed by the people, but first it will be
necessary to rearrange the rates on other
matter, so that the government shall not
carry much matter at a positive loss.
Reasonableness and Probability
The Commercial West doesn't believe
that there is anything in the theory that
Mr. Hill seeks combination with the
Northern Pacific because his own road is
not in as good condition as it ought to
be to compete successfully with the N. P.
But we take notice that the Commercial
West doesn't undertake to show that the
Great Northern is in good condition for
such competition. It simply falls back
on the assumption that Mr. Morgan is not
stupid enough to allow his interests in
the Northern Pacific to be used to bolster
up the Great Northern. Mr. Morgan
may have reasons of his own for agreeing
to the merger, and there is no necessity
of deciding the question here as to wheth
er it was a stupid move on his part. He
is doubtless capable of taking care of his
interests, but just what they are is prob
ably better known to him than to the
Commercial West or anybody else.
Whatever they are they do not affect the
facts as to the relative condition of the
Northern Pacific and the Great Northern
and the advantage to be gained by the
latter through combination with the for-
As for the attempt to consolidate these
lines before ithe Northern Pacific was
brought into its present excellent con
dition, that certainly doesn't nullify the
probability that Mr. Hill was able to fore
see at that time the future of the North-
em Pacific and to wish to consolidate
with it before its value had been enhanced
by improvement of its condition and the
increase of its business.
"Why cannot business transactions of
large dimension be discussed under the
rules of reasonableness and probability
that apply to other and smaller bar
The city council has hundreds of thou
sands for anything and everything but
not a cent for pure water. It favors $70,
--000 of bond 3 for park purposes and dis
cusses $350,000 for a lighting plant, but
not one round cent does It vote for water
that is fit to drink.
The President "Runs Things"
It is reported that the members of the
cabinet find President Roosevelt a hard
man to get along with. The members are
represented as complaining that the presi
dent undertakes to decide all the big
questions In every department, reducing
the secretaries to mere clerks. Whether
the3e reports represent facts or not they
are not surprising or startling.
The president is of a sanguine tempera
ment and of a dominating tendency. He
likes to "run things," as the common
phrase has it. It is said that he has ex
pressed great pleasure in being president,
and that he is not weighed down by the
cares of office or worried by its respon
sibilities. It is a positive pleasure for
him to study great questions, decide mo
mentous points and map out policies. The
prospect of a desk full of important mat
ters > pressing for consideration delights
instead of appalls him, and he goes at his
task with as much zest as he does at his
dinner later In the day.
Under a president who lets his secre
taries settle the questions that arise in
their departments the president's real
power dwindles and the government be
comes in organization a sort of bureau
cracy. The cabinet members represent
only so many divisions of the executive
power. Strictly speaking, they are only
executive clerks. The cabinet is not rec
ognized in the constitution. As an ad
visory body to the president it is a crea
tion of custom. Custom has made the
cabinet officers powerful, but with a presi
dent of Roosevelt's type they will have
only the power he grants them.
If the president doesn't undertake too
much detail, this disposition to pass on
the acts of his secretaries should have a
good effect. It will make the secretaries
more careful, end it will make govern
ment employes everywhere feel that the
eyes of a vigorous, hard-working, pro
gressive, innovating president are upon
them. Already we are told there has been
a pronounced change of atmosphere in
the bureaus. Everybody is waking up,
and there is a feeling abroad that every
employe of the government is expected to
have Ideas, be original, take the initia
tive and get out of ruts.
The staid old Evening Wisconsin, pub
lished at Milwaukee ever since there has
been a town there, and with conservative
ness and reliability as it's watchword,
comments at some length upon the fact
that Henry C. Payne is the fourth Wis
consin man to hold a cabinet office. The
Wisconsin follows the records of Alex
ander Randall, Timothy O. Howe, Jere
miah Rusk and Henry C. Payne. And what
of Wiliam F. Vilas, who, if memory fails
not was postmaster general in the first
Cleveland cabinet, introduced the spe
cial delivery system and did some other
things that were considered worthy of
note at the time?
The Initial Ceremony
At St. Louis, yesterday, occurred the
ceremony of breaking ground on the
site of the great exposition of 1903, which
is to commemorate the transfer of the
province of Louisiana from France to
the United States by a treaty of session
dating April 30, 1803, the territory in
cluded embracing 1,182,752 square miles,
the sum of $15,000,000 being paid for the
v was on the 20th of December, ISO 3,
that the American flag was -caieed at New
Orleans with the acclamation of the as
sembled people. Even Jefferson himself
had a limited conception of the ultimate
results of the Louisiana purchase, out
of which have been carved great and
populous and progressive states and ter
Congressman Tawney, in his oration at
the ceremony of breaking ground at St.
Louis, yesterday, said the exposition
"would commemorate the first centennial
of the greatest international event of our
history; the one that marks the beginning
of that national policy that has made us
a world power, without which our pres
ent industrial and political supremacy
could never have been accomplished." It
is true, and the centennial of 1903 will
clearly emphasize the recognition of that
policy of expansion which has character
ized national activity since Napoleon
signed away the territory which included
the present states of Louisiana, Arkan
sas, Missouri, lowa, Minnesota, Kansas,
Nebraska, the two Dakotas, Idaho, Mon
tana and a portion of Colorado and Utah
and the territories of Indian and Okla
homa. It is demonstrable that Texas
was also included in the Louisiana ter
ritory, for La Salle not only took posses
sion of the entire region drained by the
Mississippi for Louis XIV., but made a
settlement In part of the present state of
Texas for his royal master, who seems
to have included it in his temporary
grant to Crozat in 1712. Texas, however,
is not generally included in the purchase,
although it properly belonged to it, for
Napoleon's minister of marine Decres,
in 1800, in describing the bounds of Louis
iana on the southwest made the Rio
Grt:nde, the westerly boundary of the
Jefferson's real estate transaction was
his greatest achievement after the lead
ing part he took in the composition of the
Declaration of Independence. He admit
ted that he had no direct constitutional
warrant for the vast extension of Ameri
can territory in this way. He made no
motion to have a vote of the inhabit
ants taken to see if they gave their con
sent to the transfer. He knew that the
people, white, red and black, were op
posed to the transfer. He sent a military
force Into the territory to prevent an in
surrection which was brewing. He said
distinctly that the people were not fit for
self-government and, as a matter of fact,
they did not have it for some years.
Wo have had a season of violent hos
tility toward the expansion of our ter
ritory. The party of Jefferson have been
largely in opposition. They have uttered
some very bitter words against the policy
so decisively introduced and championed
by their chief. But where are the anti
expansionists to-day? The forum no
longer resounds with the wild and bitter
denunciations of hysterical orators. The
prophets of evil speak with voices of
feeble timbre. The "anti-imperialist"
roars more gently. The nation acquiesces
In the latest expansion. It has long ago
accepted and rejoiced in the earlier ex
The discussion of the employment of
counsel in the merger case, by a morning
contemporary supposedly in sympathy with
the state, reveals nothing so much as lack
of Information. But that may be cor
rected later on.
The Sinecure of Sinecures
How long -will we have to wait until the
law abolishes that most fascinating temp
tation to embezzlement in the state of
Minnesota, the pursy revenue that the
sheriff of this county derives from fees?
Precisely how much can be made out of
the office no one knows. Prom $10,000
to $20,000 net have been made out of it,
and the present sheriff did not exhaust
•his bank acocunt when he returned some
$12,000 he had illegally retained. It isn't
the public's business, it appears, how
much is made out of the office. It is
a farmed-out office. The occupant can
have kill he can make out of it. Gen
erally he has made all he could.
What does the sheriff of Hennepin
county do, what are his valuable service*
that he should receive this princely re
muneration? Can anybody tell? Per
sonally he generally does nothing. Cheap
deputies—the cheaper the better, from the
sheriff's standpoint—do the work. About
all the sheriff has to do is to resist temp
tation and (usually *he doesn't do that,
though fortified by a generous income.
The duties of the office are largely on the
grade of those performed by an errand
boy. It doesn't require much more ex
ecutive ability than running a wheelbar
row and not a tenth so hard work. But
we have to allow our sheriffs $15,000 a
year for this and provide them with op
portunities to help themselves to a vast
deal more.
Why should the sheriff of Hennepin
county get much more than any governor
of a state?
Why should he get almost as much as
the governor of the Philippines?
Why should he get twice as much as a
cabinet minister and three times as much
as a congressman?
Why should he get twice as much as an
There is no reform that is more obvi
ously needed (than the putting of the
sheriff on a salary basis —and a salary
lower, too, than the auditor or the treas
urer gets.
Three of the Minnesota delegation,.
Messrs. Stevens, Heatwole and Eddy,
voted against the proposition to apply the
Dingley tariff to the Philippine trade. Mr.
Stevens states their objections very clear
ly and points out how unfair it is to lay
upon the imports from the Philippines
full Dingley rates In addition to the ex
port duties which the Philippine tariff
imposes. From our viewpoint these three
gentlemen have taken the correct pos
tton and are to be commended for doing
so in the face of the fact that they were
opposing a party measure. And it often
takes more courage to do that down there
in "Washington than people at home have
any conception of. ,
The Center op Wheat Production
The Canadian northwest is cutting more
of a figure this year than ever before in
the matter of wheat shipments. It is
estimated by the Ottawa government of
ficers that Manitoba and the northwest
provinces have 10,000,000 bushels more
wheat than in any previous year. The
Canadian Pacific has taken over 2,000,000
bushels out of Manitoba to date, and the
traffic officials of that road say there is
approximately 30,000,000 bushels to come.
It has been a prosperous year for the
farmers across the line. All the wheat
grown in Canada makes but a small
quantity when taken in connection with
the crops of America, and the world's
production, and in the statistical changes
that often influence prices, Canada has
never wielded much influence. The fact
that the production is increasing so rap
idly, however, is evidence that the day
is not far distant when the crop of the,
Canadian northwest will be a more im
portant factor in the matter of the
world's supply. With the settling up of
the Canadian northwest and the tendency
to go in more for diversified farming in
Minnesota and the Dakotas, it cannot
be doubted that the center of spring wheat
production will move north and west as
the years pass.
Speaking of the benevolent purposes
of the railroad merger, newspaper read
ers" have doubtless noticed the fact that
as a result of this consolidation certain
projected lines of new railroad will not
be built. This is one of the first fruits
of the combination and certainly does not
point very strongly toward improved fa
cilities under that condition of things.
Big Problem for a Big Country
In aa excerpt from the New York Times
that appeared on this page yesterday, the
statement was made that in some ways
the mind of the west is turned more and
more intelligently toward the future
than is the mind of the east.
And it was added that it wouldi
be well for the east to remember
that the west will have more to do with
the shaping of the future than the east.
These are wise words. The west is to
dominate the nation in the future, by
force of preponderance of population as
well es by fitness for the task. The west
does not shrink from great political prob
lems or great national undertakings. The
pioneer is gone, but his spirit remains
and animates the whole population.
It is because of this eagerness to at
tack boldly every difficulty that appears
that the west has produced populism.
Populism has been leughed at on account
of its excesses and its surplus of emotion
alism, but it is the rather unpleasant ex
ternal and temporary manifestation of one
of the strongest characteristics of the
west. It was pitiful to see men who knew
nothing of history, politics or economics
outside of Jonesville or Brown county,
rushing in with panaceas for national ills,
but better so than the indifference, to all
political questions which so curses older
communities. The people of the west still
have a robust belief In free will and the
ability of men to do what they would have
In the current number of the Interna
tional Monthly, Professor Frederick J.
Turner of the University of Wisconsin
remarks that the people of the Middle
West—and this is true of those farther
west, also —are passionately democratic.
But the west Is also the region of some of
the greatest economic organizations the
world has ever known. Hence Mr. Turner
concludes that the great task of the mid
dle west is that of adapting democracy to
the vast economic organization of the
present. If the task is accomplished any
where it will be accomplished here. It is
from the west;that most of the contribu
tions to the discussion of trust regulations
have come and are coming, and it is in the
west that, the people are most resolute
in opposing the encroachment' of the
great capitalistic organizations. A half a
dozen Northern Pacifies and Great North
erns might have been consolidated) In the
east and the people would have submitted
uncomplainingly. But here in Minnesota
the people rise to the occasion and seek
to roach the consolidation through exist
ing laws. If they fail, the episode is
pretty sure to lead to a determined move
ment, of national scope, to control and
regulate great corporations doing an In
terstate business.
In the east the people know their mas
ters and bow down to them In a. .sort of
fatalistic way, saying to themselves un
consciously, "Allah's will bo dose." Out
here the people ar« still old-faahiontni
enough to believe that they are the mas
ters. They may be wrong, but if it is an
illusion it is worth something to have it.
Just a word of advice to the members
of the legislature who think it will be
their privilege to sit down for sixty or
ninety days in St.* Paul and pick to pieces
the report of the tax commission. If we
know anything about public sentiment in
this state, the people do not want any
thing of the kind. They have more con
fidence . and have the right to more con
fidence, in the judgment of the tax com
mission as to what is good tax law than
in the conclusions of the members of the
legislature, and they will expect the leg
islature to the report substantially
as presented and put the recommendations
of the commission to the test of experi
ence. If any mistakes have been made
they will then appear and can be cor
rected later and more intelligently.
The king of Slam says he will come to
see us if we will pay his traveling ex
penses. The king of Siam is a pro
gressive, up-to-date sort of an Oriental,
but it is extremely doubtful if the
people of this country want to see him bad
enough to spend several hundred thousand
dollars on a visit. Proper courtesies, of
course; but why more?
Holiday Buyers
Throughout the length and breadth of
the United States there has been, this
year, the largest, the livest, the most sat
isfactory holiday trade on record. The
country has been beating records bravely
this year and the commercial balance
sheets on Jnauary Ist will no doubt, as a
general thing, cause many smiles of satis
faction. People who have had too much
confidence in blind pools will not smile,
but it is to be hoped that they will lay up
their experience for future use and use it
to their own advantage. The holiday
trade is the complement of a fine business
year in the retail trade. Christmas
shopping began much earlier than usual.
Business houses 'which advetrise liberally
were at it with great zeal this year. The
voluminous advertiser gets the cream of
the trade. That, however, is a natural
law. It always works smoothly.
This country, not only buys liberally
for itself in (holiday time, but Americans
have fallen into the habit of sending im
mense values in presents abroad to
friends in the less fortunate elder world.
These trans-Atlantic liners a few days
ago steamed out of New York -with 6,000
sacks of mjail for foreign countries, the
major portion of "which enclosed money
orders and packages containing Christ
mas presents, there being 2,000,000 small
pieces of mail. One steamer carried $376,
--617.41 in money orders. The aggregate
per week during the three or four weeks
before Christmas by all the steamers Is
something immense. Thousands of homes
in the British Isles and on the continent
will be brightened by the kindly gifts of
It is no wonder that European peoples
contemplate the United States as a never
failing fountain of wealth, as well as a
veritable "Liberty enlightening the
world." American beneficence is some
thing wonderful to contemplate. Not only
is it brightening and cheering hearts and
homes innumerable, but it is sending, in
the name of sweet charity, thousands to
help the people of the flooded districts of
China, -where the dead are counted by
millions through the fearful cataclysm of
water, and more thousands to help the
suffering Boers in South Africa. John Red
mond and his friends have just left us
■and returned to Ireland smiling with
promises of vast amounts of American
money to help the Irish National League
in its effort to set up an Irish republic.
So American money goes abroad for
very diverse purposes of aid-giving. And
the output of money from private purses
continues pleasantly and will continue
into the eve of Christmas, when the lights
■will burn brighter, hearts will be lighter,
exultant song will rise higher and the
green holly and the red berries and
sprays of mistletoe will be the decora
tions, the young will rejoice in the days
of their youth and their elders will find
memories of other Christmases filling
their minds.
ij The Nonpareil Man j
On the Side.
A rumor that one of the Chicago street cars
was heated the other day caused some excite
ment at the foot o£ Lake Michigan, but it was
found later that it was due- to £he escape of
some electricity. The matter was promptly
English papers concede^that Lord Rosebery
went to bat and fanned out.
Is the sun gradually losirg its heat? It
looks that way, but we reel surer that the
furnace has a claim of that kind.
Why it is that the rise in the price of coal
Is coincident with the wearing out of the
sleeve lining in the winter overcoat?
According to the college examiner, the aver
age freshman at Yale this year is nearly
two months younger, six pounds lighter dnd
a little less ia height than last year's average
man of the entering class. His biceps is two
tenths of an inch smaller. His lung capacity
alone shows an increase. The public will
note this latter Item with feelings of deep
Seth Low as mayor of New York has de
cided to establish a "bureau of complaints
and suggestions," where all kinds of kickers
may come and make their complaints known.
The man in charge will act as a. sort of light
ning rod to carry off the surplus electricity
when it knocks about thoughtlessly.
Captain Wm. Andrews and his bride, ■who
took their honeymoon on a trip across !he
ocean ia a 14-foot boat, are believed to have
been lo&t In matrimony people lake cfi&nces
enough with/ut fooling with rowboats on
wintry seas.
It makes no difference whether Sampson was
there or not, he was in command—Sampson's
Dlss do Bar was given seven years penal
servitude. This looks like an outrage. The
woman will havo to work.
The Ohicago Tribune recently contained
an item sent out from St. Paul saying that
the sheriff of Heanepln cqjinty hud made 'way
with $410,(!00. Minneapolis nev:; seel ov.t from
St. Paul Is usually Just about as accurate as
The public be d—d. It isn't their railroad.
Womuu'M \\ i !.-•,.
Whin Baby Jimn began to talk.
Two wordE were all she knew;
Her golden text bo short and sweet,
Was limply this, "I do."
l.'ivi has all ages for its own;
Although she was but Two
1 uked her if she loved me and
She sweetly said, "I do."
Aias, I know some other chump
hi Nineteen Twenty Two
Will use those same heart thrilling words
And get Jane's sweet "I do."
But now ycur thin, bald-headed friend
Is just us good as new,
So young and frisky doth he get
When Jane replies "I do."
The Pnstor'n Story.
"Yes," said the pastor thoughtfully, "wo
were desirous of meeting the expenditures
made necessary by the acquisition of the new
organ and Brother Jones, upon whom we rely
as the representative of the commercial In
terests, and I n;ay say instincts, upon our
board, suggested that we obtain Professor
Herman Sriitzhaendel of Milwaukee who, as
you are doubtless aware with your wide ob
servation of men and affairs due to- your con
nection with the daily press, is a musician
of considerable repute in the musical circles
of our sister city noted, I regret to say, for
its mildly intoxicating beveragp."
The newspaper man murmured something
about not just now recalling Herr Snitz
haendel's name in that connection.
"Yes," replied the pastor, "the pecuniary
consideration required by the Teutonic aitist
was not considerable, we found on inquiry,
and the board of directors took suitable meas
ures to engage his services for the evening
of November the twenty-se-?ond, er, ultimo.
The instrument had been irrtalled in our
sanctuary some months previous' to this or,
ah, date, and Herr Professor agreed to bo
with us at the time mention«a and to favor
us with a few selections calculated to show
the range and power of tLo organ.
"i cherished the rather unwoUhy suspi
cion, upon his arrival in our beautiful
residential section, that I detected the odor
of er, ah, not to put too fine a point upon it,
of Leer upon the professor"*; breath, but
knowing the peculiarities of our Teutonic fel
low citizens and their racial !<■!.?. upnn what
they are pl??st-<1 to call perroiu-,1 Hbcrty, I
lritke nothing of this point, though it iniiy
well be dwelt vpon with somewiiai more of
eiuph;isis at some liter period.
"Professor Hnitzhaendel, who was un
avoidably detained, was late in his arrival at
the edifice and proceeded at once to the,
er, musical instrument and zla the andConee
were already in their seats an 1 expectant
of the good things in store in v musical way
and, incidentally, in other w?ys. I offered a
few words of introduction upon the history of
music. Then referring the audience to the,
er, progrums, 1 took my sc-at upon the ros
trum. The professor felt along the keys of
the instrument for a moment, then pulling
out the instrument's, er, stop 3 with great
foTce, he dash'-d into a wonderourj strain of
melody that held everyone in tin? edifice spell
bound. It was el this point that the unpleas
ant experience o&wrrcd of which I proposed
to speak at Lhe outset, though I have been
held from the point of my discourse by anx
iety to have tha mise en scene, if I may £0
speak, properly adjusted.
"It seems that several mischievous urchins,
who have before this occasion caused the con
gregation considerable annoyance, had pre
viously secured entrance to the choir loft by
a ladder placed at the oriole window which
unfortunately was constructed so that it
would open in order to give a more satisfac
tory ventilation to the edifice during the
heated season. Securing an entrance here,
as I before said, these children of Belial had
a large bologna sausage tied to an invisible
wire. This they proceeded to let down from the
loft until the sausage hung like an aureole
directly above Herr Professor's blonde head.
The sausage had a considerable curve and
did, I must confess 1, give the suggestion of &
halo. The humor of it caught some of the
lighter minded of the congregation and there
wan much confusion and suppressed merri
'•It is unnecessary to say, I presume, that
the professor was very, very angry. Several
of the pillars of the church who had lent their
presence to the recital, went back of the
organ and made their wajr to the choir loft
but the boys hart made their escape through
the aperture and down the ladder. I regret
ti say that they were not apprehended.
"After the confusion had subsided some
what the instrumental recital was continued
v.ith pecuniary results that were entirely sat
isfactory, though the artistic nature of the
performance had suffered to a more or less
appreciable extent.
'I trust we may see you aUour sanctuary
some Sunday. You will be sure of a cordta?
welcome.' ' —A. J. Russell.
Questions Answered
Natural History—What is the eyestone?—lt
is the mouthpiece of a small 6hell found prin
cirally on the South American coast. When
one of these little stones is placed in weak
acid it will move about. This caused it to be
supposed at one time that they were animate.
They are used to. remove foreign particles
from the eye. Being placed under the lid
they move with the motion of the eye ball
and collect the irritating particles.
Novel Reader—l see Hall Came has been
elected to the '"House of Keys" of the Island
of Man. What is the relation of the gov
ernment of Man to that of Great Britain and
Ireland?— The Isle of Man enjoys home rule
and acts of the British parliament do not
apply to it unless specifically made to In each
act. The government consists of a gov
ernor and council appointed by the crown and
the House of Keys, consisting of twenty-four
landed proprietors whose consent is neces
sary to give validity to every law.
Reader—What is the order of the various
ranks of the English nobility?— Beginning
with the lowest, knight, baronet, baron, vis
count, earl, marquis and duke.
Second District—Wa3 Congressman Mc-
Cleary born in Canada?— Yes. He was born
at lugersoll, Ontario, Feb. 5, 1853, and was
educated in the high school there and at
McGill university, Montreal.
London Mail.
In his speech at New York on Tuesday, Mr.
Hay uttered words which British statesmen
would do well to lay to heart. The attitude of
American diplomacy, he said. Is diligence and
"attention to business." That is to say.
American publicists make it their rule both
to know their work and to regard it as their
first interest in life. When an awkward ques
tion arises they are careful to be informed
about It, and they have not, like a certain
public office In London, when railway schemes
'in China are engrossing- the attention of the
universe, to ask in puzzled despair where Sin
Min-ting is. In a word, they recognize that
forewarned is forearmed. This is a rule the
importance of which was long since under
stood In Germany, and the consequence is
that the German foreign office—or, Indeed,
any other German office—ls rarely or never
taken at a disadvantage.
In England, however, the Importance of
knowledge has never been unequivocally rec
ognized. We awoke a year or two ego to the
fact that we had no Asiatic department in our
foreign office, thoush Russia for years has
hiad one. We were next told that owing to
the peculiarities of the British
it was Impossible to place the management
of our army and navy In expert hands. Our
education department is conducted by a min
ister who openly acknowledges that he does
not understand the technicalities of education.
After all, the Biblical rule is a. good one
•Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do It
with all thy might." Is not England in some
danger of forgetting this great principle and
secret of success? Those who labor care
lessly and negligently, whether in council, in
action, or in overy-day -work, are at bottom
as much the enemies of their country as the
most bitter and inveterate pro-Boer.
In Lighter Vein
To Eiifonrage the Others.
The Schley verdict hr.s given some of the
papers that love to display their knowledge
an opportunity to compare Schley with un
fortunate Admiral Byng, and admiral of the
red, in the English uavy. The New York
Evening Post solemnly concludes that the
pood of the Schley verdict is that it will
mrnurage other naval officers to do their
utmost, taking as its rue the cynical re
mark of Voltaire that the English hung Byng
•"to encourage the others." This view as
sumes that pocr Byng deserved to be hung.
But though Byng was condemned by the
court-martial, history has judged him other
wipe. As the New York Times remarks, there
Is another side to this application of the Byng
tragedy to the Schley case. 1l is now well
understood that Admiral Byng did not de
serve his ignominious fate and that he tv
sacrificed to divtn attention from th<> real
cause of hla failure, which was the failure of
the admiralty to equip him properly for the
work he wac expected to do While Voitaire
was cynical about Byng's sentence, the *rapt
Iconoclast was realiy profoundly Interested
in this awful miscarriage of justice and ex
< rted himself to save Byng's life. It may
be all right to condemn Schley for the good
effect the condemnation may have on other
officers, but history may disapprove of the
verdict of the court of Inquiry, Just as it has
disapproved of the hanging of Byng. To-day
Byng is remembered as a martyr and the
men who hanged him are execrated. To gi
a little further in the parallel between the
two cases it is worthy of remark that the
Due de .Richelieu, the French naval com
mander before whom Byng retreated from
Minorca, paid every possible tribute to the
admiral's courage and did his utmost to save
his life by officially stating that Be had done
all that could te done. Yet Byng was hung
"for not doing his utmost." Cerren has
spoken in Schley's behalf and, like other
officers of the Spanish fleet, has testified to
his bravery and the effectiveness of his at
tack. Yet Schley is condemned as vacillating,
dilatory and lacking In enterprise.
Order* May Sometimes Be Disobeyed.
Speaking of Schlep The Jo vm a 1 is in
receipt of a communication from a friend of
the Marylander, in which he compares Schley
to a railroad engineer, who disobeyed specific
orders because he knew better and thereby
saved much property. "Schley was undoubt
edly guilty of a few technical delinquencies,"
says this correspondent, "tut he Mcked the
Spanish and now the navy department says
he didn't do it as he had orter." The siory
of the railroad engineer is as follows: John
Riley is a locomotive engineer cm the Pitts
burg division of the Pennsylvania rail.vay.
On May 2 of this year Riley's engine was
standing at Altoona, when he was notified by
the telegraph operator to get out of the way
as a runaway train of fifty-eight freight cars
was coming down the mountain grade to Al
toona. Instead of doing so Riley ordered his
fireman out of the etigine and started up the
grade to meet the train. When he saw it ap
proaching he reversed his engine and allowed
the train to catch him when the speed was
about equal. He was unable to bring tbV;
train to a full stop, and he partly wrecked his
own engine and two others in front of him;
but the damage was slight compared to what
might have resulted from the unchecked train.
In recognition of his "courage, judgment and
high sense of duty," the directors of the
Pennsylvania Railroad company presented
John Riley with a suitably inscribed ?old
watch, worth $1,000, and a check for $500.
When Senator Sabin Cried.
The efforts of the county comniissioner.s o!
Bayfleld county, Wis., to enjoin the parties
to whom the receiver had sold the steel of
the Washburn, Bayfleld & Iron River rail
road, alias the "Battleax," from taking it up,
recalls the story of Senator Sabln's experi
ence on a road he built later than this one.
Sabin got a bonus of $180,000 for building the
"Battleax," so called because the company,
being short on money, paid its men off with
a job lot of a -certain brand of chewing to
bacco. Later he got the same county to
Issue $50,000 worth of bonds for another Jerk
water line from Bayfleld to Iron river. Under
the terms of the deal Sabin was to get the
bonds when he had six minles of the road
done, but the period within ■which these six
miles must be constructed ended on. the day
after Thanksgiving, 1599. As the time ap
proached, it became evident that it was doubt
ful whether the gap would be filled. But Sa
bin was desperate and worked with might
and main. Men were pushed as they never
were before on railroad work, and the end
of the track was coming down the. lastetretc'u
at a pace-making rate, when things began to
happen that "would try the patience of Job.
Citizens who didn't like the prospect of being
taxed to pay the bonds did their best to
thwart the senator's race for $50,000. They
spiked a switch and threw the construction
train engine off the track; they filled the
woods with awful whisky, which Sabin s
men drank and lay down to rest and dream.
(Finally they got a pail of lard and greased
■the rall3 the whole length of a hill, so that,
after the engine -was back on the track it
couldn't get to the end of the line -with ,tbe
track-laying outfit. But at last the grease
was wiped off and the rails sanded; when
appeared before the senator Jack O'Brien,
foreman of the bridge crew. In diplomatic
but, at the same time, rather rough lan
guage, Jask told the senator that the rails
■would never crosa a bridge a short distance
from the six-mile goal unless his pay was
forthcoming in cash. The diplomacy came in
when Jack pointed out that he had one bent
so fixed that a crack of a whip and a short,
sharp pull by a team of horses would throw
down two panels of the bridge. On the other
hand, if the money were forthcoming, be
would slap down the stringers and send the
train over In an hour. To make a long story
short, Jack got his money. Then began the
strenuous life In earnest. As the hours of
the last day rushed by all too fast, it became
evident that the delays had accomplished
their purpose. The gap was too long to be
closed by anything ehort of a miracle, bu:
the work went on just the same until the
stroke of midnight. Then the goal -was 1,5u0
feet away. Senator Sabin put his arms on, a
tree and wept.
Examining: Barbers.
There must be something wrong -with the
kind of examinations the state board of bar
bers offers aspirants for a license. At the
last examination one of the best barbers in
Minneapolis, as a number of veracious citi
zens can testify from experiene*, wa* refused
a license and is now classed as an apprentice,
though he has been learning his trade from
some 18 years. It seems that the board ask*
questions that would stump a doctor not a
specialist In ekin diseases. The barber re
ferred to ia not a doctor, and doesn't pretend
to be, co when, he encountered the medical
examination he frankly admitted his inabili
ty to answer the questions and went his way.
But if there was his superior among all tho
barbers that got their licenses on the umo
day, there are a number of barber-fanciers
who would like to make their acquaintance.
New York Timea.
Said a railroad engineer a day or two acor
"The average man has no idea how many
animals and birds nre killed every year by
the cars. If you will walk along a railroad
you will see toads, frogs and snakes almost
every mile that have been cut in two by the
"But these are not the only forms of ani
mal life that suffer. I have run down T»ood
■chuc-ks, raccoons, squirrels, hedgehogs, and
pretty nearly every other sort of small ani
mal. Once I saw a ruffed grouse- sitting on
the track. Just as the birds will sometimes
eit in front of a wagon on the highway. It
waited and did not seem at all afraid. When
at last it did get up, the engine was so close
that it struck the bird and tcssed it to one
side, dead.
"But the strangest experiences I ever had
were in the south. I was running an engine
on the Queen & Crescent road, which goes
through Lake Pontchartraln on a long trestle.
Ducks and other waterfowl were numerous on
the lake, and the sight of a headlight seemed
to attract them, Just as the light In a light
house Attracts many birds. One nl«ht we
struck a flock of ducks, which smashed into
the engine and cab as thought it were raining
them from the clouds. They (broke the for
ward windows of the cab, and we gathered
up enough ducks for two good, big gams din
' . . No Lack of Courage*
Cleveland Leader.
The president cannot be Justly accus«4 of a
lack of courage because he dodges the camera
fiends. I

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