Newspaper Page Text
THE JOURNAL L€stAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIN, MANAGER. EDITOR. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printing Co. Delivered by Mail. One copy, one month $0.36 One copy, three months 1.00 One copy, »,lx months 2.00 One copy, one year 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50 Delivered by carrier One copy, one week 8 cents One copy, one month 35 cents Single copy 2 cent* CIRCULATION OF THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL Average for ■X I rf7 X November. *-*■ # Deo. 2 ......... 51,220 Dec. 3 51,471 Dec. 4....... 51,068 Dec. 5...... 50/923 Dec. 6 51,095 Dec. 7.......... 52,807 Dec. 9.... 51,316 Dec. 10 51,333 Dec.ll ...51,323 Dec. 12 ...50,902 Dec. 13 51,163 Dec. 14 52,085 Dec. 16 50,613 Dec. 17..... 50,700 Dec. 18 50,640 Dec. 19.. 50,562 Dec. 20...... 50,507 Dec.2l 52,199 Dec. 23 50,826 Dec.24 .51,282 Dec. 25...-. 49,134 Dae- 26 50,920 Dec. 27 51,542 The above Is a true and correct statement •f the circulation of The Minneapolis Journal for date* mentioned. KINGSLEY T. BOARDMAN, Manager Circulation. Sworn and subscribed to before me tali *Bth day of December, 1901. C. A. TULLER, Notary Public. Hennepin County. Conflicting Theories The rapidity with which explanations of the northern railroad merger chase one another around the field of argument is interesting. When the point was made, In answer to Mr. Hill's famous statement, that the control of the Northern Pacific by the Union Pacific need not mean con trol of the railroad situation so long as the Great Northern remains an inde pendent line, competing with the Union and Northern Pacific combination, Mr. Hill answered that the control of the Northern Pacific by the Union Pacific ■would have been fatal to the Great North ern, would have crushed it out of exist ence as a successful competitor and left the Union Pacific in control of the situa tion. . Somehow or other, according to his reasoning, both the Soo and the Great Northern would have been simply paralyzed by having the Northern Pacific fall Into the control of the Union Pacific. This conclusion has never appealed to the understanding of some people, but it has been seriously offered by Mr. Hill as a reason for resisting the control of the Northern Pacific by the Union Pacific. That was some days ago. Now, to-day, we find a newspaper, whose utterances are often regarded as inspired, stating that those who think the control of the Northern Pacific by the Union Pa cific would have been a good thing because It would have insured lively rate" competi tion between the Northern Pacific and the Great Northern are much mistaken. On the contrary, we are told, it was obviously ■with no view to a rate war that the Harri dan interests sought to obtain control of the Northern Pacific. The Harriman people were not seeking rate wars. "Nothing can be more absurd than the assumption that their control of the Northern Pacific would have insured com petition with the Great Northern." Now' if this be true, the Great Northern could not be crushed by competition with the Northern Pacific, and that reason for com bining the two must be dismissed from consideration. Both theories of the merger cannot be correct, and in our judgment neither one of them Is of great importance. Chauncey Depew got married three times to-day. The old Mormon The Course of Business AH records have been broken by the volume of business in the year just clos ing. Throughout our country prosperity reigns. The year ends with conditions never more favorable and all indications pointing to increased development and business activity in 1902. Exact compari son* are as yet impossible, but In the leading lines approximate comparisons may be made. The iron ore trade and the anthracite coal production are far ahead of previous totals and the traffic on the great lakes was never before so large. The net earnings of all the country's railroads were 16 per cent over last year. Bank clearings will show 25 per cent increase over any previous year. The country had a failure of the corn crop and one of the sharpest stock panics, but with the resisting power never so great these adverse happenings have had no lasting effect. To crown the year, the holidays brought a trade never before equaled. For a week broken by holidays the bank clearings were large, showing $1,840, --626,946, of which $663,749,587 was outside of New York, Minneapolis gained 35.9 per cent over last year, showing $13,039,347.28, against $9,593,820.49. Unless relief comes soon to the car situation, an advance in all finished Iron and steel products is not unlikely. With prosperity rampant, the inability of the railroads to provide sufficient rolling stock is playing havoc with the trade. Some mills are closed temporarily through delay in the delivery of raw material. The stock market has been up and down, following the lead of American Sugar, which replaced copper«as a disturber. On Thursday eugar sold to a low point not touched since 1898. Money continues easy. Some unsettling influences are in eight, but there is an undertone of confidence. The January disbursements, which In (New York, Boston and Philadel phia will aggregate in excess of $200,000, --000, are provided for. It Is argued that this money seeking reinvestment will have stimulating effect, and the new year will start with a bull market. Wheat was strong and advancing up to Friday. With English markets closed for a four-day holiday, American prices ad vanced independently. Friday's opening, in Liverpool brought a feeble response, and with that market only 8 cents over Chicago, against 10% cents over in the previous week, free selling developed her© on the belief that our markets were get ting out of line for possible export busi ness. Argentine shipped no wheat this week, owing principally to a labor strike in Buenos Aires. If the proposed Mankato-St. Cloud rail way line is operated by electricity it will be the first long-distance road of the kind in the state. It will be the forerunner of numerous electric roaas. There is a great field here for some good promoter. The man who can build up electric rail way lines has the chance that the build ers of steam traction roads had a few years ago. Chameleon Arguments for Hill The changing tacks of the editorial writers, who are engaged In the strenuous task of defending the Northern Securities company merger, are not less than amus ing. A few days ago they were arguing that Mr. Hill, always the good friend of the northwest, could be relied upon not to use his powers, however vast, vo 'harm the people of the northwest in any way. Then it was the benevolent despot argument. Now we are geting "The-Man-and-the- Thing" editorial, in which we are advised to overlook Mr. Hill's personal shortcom ings, and our antipathies and prejudices, growing out of his brusque and domineer ing personality, and concentrate our at tention on the blessing's of the merger. The effort i« made to persuade the people that they instinctively opposed the mer ger, not because it was bad, but because they feared it must be bad Bince Mr. Hill proposed it. Mr. Hill, between the two classes of de fense his champions are putting up for him, must feel very, very happy. On the one hand, the scheme may be bad, but Mr. Hill is good. On the other hand, Mr. Hill may be bad, but th.c scheme is good. That (Pullman car porter who com plained in yesterday's Journal of the course of the Pullman company in mak ing the public pay its employes through the tipping custom knew what he was talking about. Most any company could pay 12 per cent dividends If someone else paid the wages of its employes. The por ter said that the public is getting tired of paying the Pullman employes. Conse quently the porters have a scant living. We are sorry for the porters, on this ac count, but we rejoice for the public. It is time to get rid of this foreign tipping system all along the line. It is a breeder of irritation, it is unjust, and It is morally injurious to the tip-taker. Mrs. Shaw Is Admirable That was a delicious interview with Mrs. Shaw, wife of the new secretary of the treasury, published in The Jour nal yesterday. The candor of the honest woman is admirable and delightful. She is a plain American citizen's wife with nothing to conceal and no affectations to show. An unexpected honor has come to her husband, and both of them are going to do their be3t in the new positions. Governor Shaw, realizing that life in Washington would not be a bed of rosea for a plain citizen, left the decision to his wife. "When he got back home," says Mrs. Shaw, "he said to me he did not want to go anywhere his wife and chil dren could not go with honor and com fort." Mrs. Shaw thought it over. There wa3 that outlay of $2,500 to embellish and im prove the old home at Denison that would practically be so much money spent for nothing if the family went from Dcs Moines to Washington, instead of back to , Denison at the expiration of the gov ernor's term in office.. Then, too, there was the question of the expense of living and entertaining in Washington. She had heard that it cost Secretary Gage $100,000 more than his salary in four years. That is $25,000 a year. But on the other hand, Senator Allison had told her husband that the salary of a cabinet officer plus $5,000 a year would suffice "to go out in society all that is necessary." "I don't want to make Mr. Shaw hard up," she reasons thriftily, "b;it I guess maybe we can stand that for a few years." This Wash ington society proposition is a hard one. She fully realizes that. But Mrs. Shaw has "always done the best she could," and is not at all frightened. She will tackle it just the way she and her hard working husband tackled the "get-rich" problem and solved it. She may be a little short on etiquette, and may not know just when to turn over the corner of a card, but she is richly endowed with oommon sense, and on the strength of the knowledge of her gained through the interview we wouldn't trade her for all the "fine ladies" in the land. Whitre Are the Satirists? Among the host of writers that are fill ing the papers, the magazines and the books with various forms or imitations of literature in these first years of the twen tieth century, the United States can boast of only one satirist, "Mr. Dooley." James Li. Ford emphasizes this fact in a most readable article in Success. In a time when the world is full of targets for the satirist's pen, it is remarkable that there are so few. Their absence is painfully felt. The satirist is essentially brilliant. When the literary galaxy is without him. it lacks brilliancy. Mr. Ford's explanation it not altogether complimentary to Americans. He finds in the first place that we do not like satire. The magazine age of letters has shaped writers of an entirely different class. "Moreover, no satirist can go about hi« work with any real confidence in his ultimate success, if he realizes how few people there are who possess a genuine sense of humor. At the present day fully nine-tenths of the reading population of this country are as impervious to fine satire as the proverbial duck's back to a rainfall." It requires the same faculty to appreci ate satire that it does to appreciate subtle humor. They are often one and the same. Satire may be mordant or humor ous. Mr. Ford may not be quite right as to the proportion of the reading public that can not appreciate satire, but It is a large one. It is sufficient proof that such is the case to glance at the alleged comic and humorous supplements to some of our daily papers. They print weekly and daily square yards of matter that is labeled "funny," but 1b so only to the crudest sense of humor, is revolting to the finer sense and debases the literary taste of all who give it any of their time. That such matter is continuously printed shows that many people demand it. The people who demand that kind of tommyrot are not likely to be equal to keen and delicate satire. This is an age of illustration, so it is not strange that we find most of the cur rent satire confined to cartoonists. Not all of the cartoons of the day are satirical by any means. Most of them are not. But some of them give us some very good satire. Some of this oartoonic satire is not very acute, but it is generally good— and if we didn't have that much we should be quite hopelessly lost in the moraliz lngs, sermonizings, teachings, instructions, exhortations, criticisms, histories, storied and sciences of this hard-working, un ornamental age. When you are told that the Northern Pacific and Great Northern are practically under the same control now and that it will make no difference if the Northern Securities company is defeated in its plan. It will be in order ot ask why then the Northern Securities company was organ ized. Evidently the present relations of these two roads toward each other are not satisfactory to Mr. Hill or he woujd not have gone to all the trouble be has encountered to organize a new company. Panama or Nicaragua Are we going to have a long and weary ing debate in congress this winter over the isthmian canal route? It looks like a possibility, just now, after two bills have been introduced in the house looking to canal construction by the Nicaragua route and Nicaragua has seemed to be the name on. the lips of a large majority of senators and congressmen. It appears that sober second thought has led a number of these gentlemen to the conclusion that it is not altogether good business to assume that the Nicaragua route is the only one worth considering by congress, when the Isthmian canal commission, in their report, declare that the Nicaragua and Panama routes are both entirely practicable and feasible from an engineering standpoint. The commis sion, it is true, favor the Nicaragua route, but their conclusion iB plainly influenced by the excessive amount asked not long ago by the French company interested in the Panama canal, for the rights and property of the company, viz., $109,000, --000. The commission estimated the value of the rights and property at $40,000,000. The company is demoralized, the presi dent, 'M. Hutin, has resigned, and it is now intimated that the rights and property of the company can. be bought for even less than $40,000,00. If so, as a business proposition, it would be wlae to get the lowest figure and let the public know that an expenditure of several millions may be saved by the Panama route and that the distances, 183.6« mileß by the Nicaragua, and 49.09 by the Panama, are worth con sidering from the standpoint of economy. However, if it develops that the ma jority of senate and house are controlled by sentiment to favor the longer route, after accurately knowing all the facts, the interests of the nation itself require that | minority opposition shall cease and that there be prompt action touching the con struction of the canal, after the necessary treaties with Nicaragua and Costa Rica are negotiated for right of way, etc. For a nation which has the reputation of being unequaled in material progress and celerity and effectiveness of action and accomplishment, we have been singularly slow and unprogresslve in this Isthmian canal matter. The Suffering That Made Zola Emlle Zola's sad books were written in his heart and reflected in hie face before they ever were in type and paper. One has but to see the tense suffering, sympa thetic face of the great master of real ism to feel that he has felt all that he has written, and that he must have' lived much of the anguish he has depicted. This impression becomes fact after reading his "In the Days of My Youth" in the Decem ber Bookman. He says that when he has wished to depict a man's early struggles, the sufferings of a sensitive nature con tending against adversity, he has recalled the days of his own youth and the desper ate fight he waged at one time for a live lihood. Born in Paris, Zola passed most of his childhood at Aix in Provence. It was a happy childhood on the whole though clouded by his father's death and the pov erty of his widowed mother. But when he went back to Paris with his mother, at the age of 18, his troubles began. He en tered the Lycee St. Louis but could not get his bachelor's degree because he was "insufficient in literature." Later, try ing for the degree at Marseilles, he was plucked even worse than at St. Louis, and for the same cause. Think of it! The man who afterwards became the greatest French novelist of his time found "insuf ficient in literature!" Discouraged and dejected as he was, the mother's resources being now exhausted, it became incum bent upon the young man to earn his own living. At first he had a ipetty clerkship at 60 francs the month. Then he lost that, and for two long years, robbed of youthful confidence by his strange fail ures in two examinations, he led the life of misery of the man who is hungry, who is unable to obtain regular employ ment, mortified by constant repulses, clothed in wretched rags. It was in these dreadful years that Zola learned so well the seamy side of life. The bad years passed et last and the novelist came into bis own. But he was a changed man. Those two years made him the realist. Their sorrow has been upon him all his life. Remembering his own sufferings and debasements, he has ever had a leader side for the weak and the erring. Recalling the realities of human suffering and humiliation, he has had no heart to write those fine dreams of the romanticists." Ever afterwards he "was in rebellion against a most cruel and in iquitous social system. Those sad years of youth made him a novelist with a pur pose. He is no mere story teller. He is a modern prophet, a sort of Jeremiah. He has told the people of his country of their sins, and with infinite toleration and ten derness. Not for him were pretty pic tures of the world that ignores and pre THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. tends to be unaware of the baser pas sions and baser acts. He has drawn men and women as he has seen them, as alas! many others have too well seen them, and he has presented their low estate as an indictment against society. This was the one field of literature in which Zola was fitted to labor. If he had not been "Insufficient in literature" at collage he would have been spared his un happy years, he would not have written hiß tragic stories of human misery, he would not have become famous. The European concert will doubtless say that the decision of the United States to remit all but $7,000,000 of its $25,000, --000 share of the Boxer indemnity is a sharp Yankee trick. Whether it is or not it is both discreet and just. The other powers can keep their punitive as well as actual damage money, but we prefer to trust to fair dealing with China, knowing that in that way we shall get far more in trade channels than the $18,000,000 tribute we remit. Tawney is Our Champion When Tawney and Morris meet in de bate or committee wrangle on the project of a forest reservation for northern Min nesota we shall pin our hopes to the man from Winona. It is easy to understand why Mr. Morris does not favor the reser vation idea. Mr. Tawney might not if he lived in Duluth and was desirous of re turning to congress or had some favors to repay. But Mr. Tawney is In a position to view the question from a disinterested point of view. He sees .that the project is a good one on its merits. It is not nec essary for him to consider how it affects Gil Hartley's town lots. Mr. Morris suggests some other place for a forest reservation than ,the Leech Lake vicinage. He mentions the southern shore of Rainy lake. The sugegstion is not bad In itself, but the existence of the Indian reservations around Leech Lake simplifies the problem of acquiring the forest area. So long as the reservations are not opened a national forest is only a question of government bookkeeping that can be authorized by a simple act of congress. The Indians can be paid for what they would have got from the sale of the timber and what the government will have to pay them anyway for the agricultural land, and the land can be transferred from the direction of the In dian affairs division of the interior de partment ,to that of the forestry or public lands. An Imperial Progress That mistress of intrigue and duplicity, the dowager empress Tze-Hsi, accompan ied by the Emperor Kwangsu and the court, as announced by a Peking cable, have arrived at Tzu-Chow, within the southern boundary of the province of Chihli. The lady and her entourage left Singan-fu in the province of Shensi, in October last, with ,the purpose of proceed ing to the imperial capital, whioh is 500 or 600 miles from Singan-fu, and the Journey has been designedly slow for the reason that Tze-Hsi wished to see the allied troops well out of Peking before she returned. The court stopped at Ho nan on the Yellow river, several weeks, but now, having reached Chihli province, the progress north to Peking will prob ably be more rapid. It hes already been cabled that the em press is "still paramount," which doubt less means that she still holds the whip and has no idea of relinquishing the power she wielded bo long and with such ability and relentless vlciousness. The dreadful tragedies of the past two years, her own compulsory flight and exile in Shensi province, have not abated her de-* termination that she shall not be effaced, except by death. Li Hung Chang, her former adviser, and one who had considerable influence over her, is gone. He effected the settlement with the allieu, which, although humili ating to China, is the most favorable she could obtain under the circumstances. The most grievous point in the settlement to the Chinese mind, is the $333,000,000 war indemnity, which must be raised by relentless taxation of the people. The prohibition of purchase of war material will be disregarded and the razing of the Taku forts is aggravating, but there 1b no doubt that the empress has learned enough to see that it will be better to cease her resistance to the program un dertaken by Kwangsu seven or eight years ago to effect administrative reform and favor the introduction of western facilities, for transportation and swift communication by telegraph, a program which she cut short by the renewal of her usurpation in 1898. If she dies there is no doubt that the emperor's program of progress will be carried out. The Chinese government has reason to thank our government for reducing the Beverlty of the terms at first proposed by a majority of allies. It was the United States who interfered to prevent the dis integration and division of China; who stood firmly and effectively against an ex cessive indemnity; who opposed effect ively the project of maintaining larg© bodies of allied troops at Peking. It was our government which has cut down our pro rata of the $333,000,000 indemnity several millions by reducing the estimate of damages. If there is gratitude in China it is due this country, which ought to be favorably considered in trade. The Chinese government finds the Man churia matter unsettled. Li Hung Chang was engaged on this subject with Russia when he died. If China wants Manchuria she will have to fight for it to recover it. The iron hand of Russia has closed upon it and it is rapidly undergoing the pro cess of Russification. Russia will not relinquish her grasp any more than she will relinquish her grasp on maritime Manchuria, which she appropriated a third of a century ago. China will havß .to do without Manchuria. The empress, in a recent decree, used this language: "The court is eager for all sorts of sug gestions to promote the prosperity of the empire. Mother aud son are one In the purpose of correcting the mistakes of the past and long to obtain talent to assist the government." This sounds like an accession of wisdom. It comes from a very treacherous source, but It is pos sible that the slippery Tze-Hsi has con cluded to retire from the business of ma nipulating puppet emperors, in which she has been engaged the greater part of her life. It is more than probable that the attempt to partition whet is now left of China has been abandoned and that China will follow the example of Japan, more deliberately, of course, and ultimately be rated among the progressive and enlight ened powers of the world. In the case of Japan the transformation was phenome nally rapid. The process will be much longer in China, but it will be accom plished. Retired Statesmen There are many Americans who believe that there is no such thing as a volun tary retired statesman in this country. The idea prevails that the hunger for pub lic office is so acute that nothing but a Tery emphatic turning down by the elec torate or enforced resignation will cool off the ambition of our publicists. This is a mistake. The other night at Philadelphia there occurred the graduation exercises of that venrable institution, the Pierce school, where many distinguished men have been pupils in their youthful days. Colonel A. K. MeClure presided, and two other journalists, Colonel Henri Watterson of Kentucky and Postmaster Charles Emory Smith (resigned), editor of the Philadel phia Press, made speeches and there was a very brilliant audiance. Editor Smith, who has voluntarily :e --slgned his high federal office, declared that it was a very great and genuine pleasure for him to return to the duties of his profession and that "truer fame may be gained in the fulfillment of a commis sion which a man of capacity can make for himself, than in the discharge of any public trust." Colonel Watterson's speech was the gem of evening. It knocked in the head all the stories to the effect that the colonel was indulging an ambition to get into the federal senate, preceded by a term as governor of Ken tucky, with an ultimate candidacy for the presidency of the United States upon the democratic ticket. Evidently the colonel has no such ambition, judging from this extract from his speech on the ocoasion referred td. Success in lifo Is happiness, and the happy man, the successful man, is the man who believes his old wife the best woman in the world, and the vine-covored cottage he calls his home is the dearest spot on earth, and who would not swap his 1 ragged, red-headed, freckle-faced children for the best dressed and best looking kids of the proudest and richest man on earth. The men in their places are the men who stand. Essential as the material things of life are, under right conditions, they do not, of themselves, bring happiness. Millions of money will not save a sensitive man the tortures of a sore toe. Infinite fame will not save & proud man the torments of a debt he is unable to pay. Happiness is a creation of the mind and the heart, and not of the stomach and the body. Now, no men will talk just that way who has a senatorial or presidential bee in his bonnet. It seems as--if old Cin clnnatus were speaking to us. Watterson certainly is more picturesque and useful than he would be in the senate or the White House. He had. a term in congress back In the stormy days of 1876-77, when he was ready to lead his 100,000 unarmed Kentucklans to Washington to "see that Tilden was Inaugurated." He has studied presidential life in the White House sufficiently to know that it is noth ing but vanity and vexation of spirit, and that the men who stand are those who are In the places they are qualified to fill, even In private life, and they are the truly successful men. Bryan may not contemplate Watterson any longer as a dangerous competitor for the democratic nomination in 1904. Evi dently Watterson -will have none of it. Smith has tasted to his fill of public life, as ambassador to Russia and. as post master general, and he is perfectly de lighted to get back to his editorial chair in the Press office. Watterson Is right. He will stay in the Tine-covered cottage and contemplate calmly the thunderous political strife which rages hither and yon. Watterson is out of any gubernatorial, senatorial or presidential race. Even Jerry Simpson has quit politics forever. Jerry, of course, did not get out voluntarily. H& got left. But he has sworn off from populism and pronounces it a "flitting, evanescent episode," has burned his political correspondence (eight tons of it) and is a practical cattle buyer I at the Wichita stock yards. And Jerry is happy. There are other retiredi statesmen like Simpson and Peffer who have learned much wisdom during the last 'five years. Most of them have learned enough to stay in the positions which they are qualified to fill. That, after all, is the truest wis dom. The Nonpareil Man On the Side. It is summer in Samar and warmer than the sunny side of Cuba in July. The Boers are credited with small sense of humor but it is remarkable that they chose Christmas night to pour gasolene on Bull's Christmas pudding. London gossip says that the king will not be allowed to »Tnoke at the coronation. Senator Clark has just bought $320,000 worth of art treasures at Vienna. One of the finest bits of brlc-a-brao the senator ever secured was the Montana legislature. Captain Leary, former commander at Guam, is dead. Leary was a gallant officer and an all around gentleman but he never recovered from the blow when the marines stole the last catfk of whisky on the island. General De Wet dropped a red fire bomb down the British chimney on Christmas night. Santa Claus Bull bad hla inflammable whis kers burned and a oellulold hairbrush ex ploded. Dear, genial old Chauncey! After dinner wit and all around good fellow! Auf wieder sehn. The bolomen of Samar seem to feel very cross at the United States. January interest disbursements in New York, Philadelphia and Boston will reach $200,000,000. . This coupon clipping is awfully hard on the fleshy boys. If Germany is bo anxious to lick somebody who refuses to pay his bills, why not let little Venezuela rest for a time till he gets 1 his breath t'Dd take on your old friend Abdul Hamid, -who will not pay even for his chew ing tobacco. Ab is nearer home, too, and easier to get at. Russia's $600,000,000 railroad goes on as usual and the Harveyized sandwich and anti septic coffee are holding down new places at the official eating houses. "Kitty Wa* a Mimier." (Tune—"Nellie Was a Lady.") All around the house till daylight beaming Dat cat she trabbeled on de fence; All night Oat animule was screaming Giving de neighbors loud offense. Kitty >vaa a mouser, last night she di«d. 'Twas a brick dat turned de trick On Tommy's Maltese bride. Now I'm unhappy an' I'm weeping. No cat-lap for kitty any more, If 3 te had only bin a-sleeplng, Death wouldn't knocked at kitty's door. Bometlilng New In Grand Opera. The report Is current that the Bankers' association, the Chamber of Commerce and one of the swell clubs have joined forces in a musical and dramatic undertaking, the pree SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 28, 1901. entation of an opera, the book and music of which have beeu written by local talent. The parts are to be taken by prominent men of wealth and financial acumen, men who are prominent In the business world and well known both at home and abroad. The opera Is entitled "The Power of Money" and is described as a high comedy satire aimed at the idea that wealth Is not the whole thing. The piece is to be magnificently staged, the costumes are ol the most expensive and nei ther labor nor pains will be spared to make the presentation the social event of the sea son. The opera opens with a chorus of bankers who are made up if necessary to represent what are sometimes vulgarly rererred to as "fat boys with side whiskers." The stage will be filled with these comfortable looking gentlemen each in his' expensive and correct business attire and each sporting that proper degree of abdominal rotundity sometimes called in cruder circles "a bay window." They ran«e themselves in order and sing the opening chorus, entitled "Collateral": When to our bank you fellows come And ask a loan, 'tis natural, The query that we make of you, 'Tis, "What is your collateral?" We are not eager now to take A real estate security, We guard our interests and cast An eye Into futurity. This Is sung with great spirit and power. It is described as a barytone chorus .of depth and roti.ndity of tone as is well stilted to our vesV'd Interests. The orchestration is superb, the word "collateral" and its rhymes being accentuated by heavy bass notes. A solo is then sting by Mr. of the bank, showing how the storm of * 1893 was weathered by his institution and the bankers all join in the chorus In praise of "negotiable security." The exact plot of the opera is being kept a secret, but it is known that there is a chorus of Chamber of Commerce brokers, the setting of me scene being the wheat pit. Into this trying locality wanders one of the bankers who ha 3so far forgotten his caution as to desire to speculate in our principal cereal. For his benefit, the chorus of bulls sings' "The Song of Dollar Wheat." This is answered by the chorus of bears who sing the touching refrain, "With Wheat at Sixty Cents." The choruses run something like this, one verse of each being given as sam-, pies of f.he good things that may be ex pected. The bulls express their feelings thus: Within an easy sixty days This wheat will be a dollar. The man who sells at eighty cents Will get it—on the collar; 'Tis cheap as dirt, buy it at once And then forget you've got it; 'Tis going up by leaps and bounds, You'll not regret you bought it. Then the bears take their turn: The farmers' bins are full of wheat. The elevators crowded, The man who buys at eighty cents With gloom will be enshrouded; This wheat will sell at sixty cents, "Tis going down kerchug, The man who buys at eighty cents Is cherishing a bug. The feminine element in the opera is given by the Typewriter Girls' Chorus and the "Song of the Telephone Operators." It is known that the Typewriter queen saves the banker from investing in wheat by a tip that is given her by the telegraph operator who wants to marry her but whom she scorns. She finally marries th-e banker and all comes out happily. A prominent railroad man also appears dur ing the opera and sings "The Song of the Merger." The attorney general's song, "I'm Grinding My Ax," is also sure to make a great hit. It is hoped that everything will be in readinoss to put the opera on the stage early in March. —A. J. Russell. MW*£SZSaSaSZSZ9BS2SasaSESES»S3SE3BSHHZE2SUaSBECSn I Questions Answered Si A. C. J.—Has a dime of the issue of 1830 any value beyond that stamped on its face?— No. The valuable dimes are all those of the Issues of 1807 and 'prior issues, and those of 1809, 1811. 1822 and 1846. A "strictly fine" dime of the years named is worth from $5 to $100. J. S.—"What country has the oldest flag 1?— The United States. Strange as it may seem, the present flags of all the great nations were adopted since the American flag was decided upon, June 14, 1777. Sunday School—When was Sunday first rec ognized by law?— The observance of Sunday as a legal duty was laid down in a constitu tion of the Roman Emperor Constantine in 321 A. D. J. S. R.—Are the Croatans of North Carolina Indians?— They are classed as Indians, and are believed to be the descendants of the Eng lishwomen of the colony Sir Walter Raleigh established on Roanoke island in 1587. The fate of this colony was never surely known. A later expedition could find no trace of its members. That the men were murdered by the Indians and that the women were taken as "wives by their captors is generally be lievod to have been the fate of the colony. It Is hard otherwise to account for blue-eyed Indians who have names that tally with some of those of Raleigh's lost colonists. Moreover, these Indians have traditions of ancestors who married white women. They have the characteristic Indian facial conformation, but they have never been nomadic and they have always preserved a separate racial existence. They now number about 3,000 persons. Reader—When will Dewey be retired?— When he dies. There is no fixed limit of act ive service for him. He is admiral on full pay for life. J R.—Do fish sleep?— Give it -up. The sci entists have no positive evidence that they do. S. R. T.— Who was the first president to issue a Thanksgiving proclamation?— Lincoln. Before Lincoln's time such proclamations were left to governors of states. Artist—What is the costlie-st painting in the world?— The Duke of Marlborough is believed to be the possessor of what mar be termed the costliest painting in the world. It is known as the "Blenheim Madonna," painted by Raphael In 1507. It is valued at $350,000. E. W. Stein, 5 E Lake street—Nothing is known regarding your question about the in surance on the life of Charles M. Schwab, president of the United States Steel com pany. We do not even know that the com pany insured his life. As to your question as to why, in a bowling game, when a man makes five straight strikes and only eight In the sixth inning, he counts 30 for the first three strikes and less for the other three, the answer is as follows: The rules of the Ameri can Bowling Congress specify that there shall be two balls for eaoh frame except when a strike is made with the first ball. In that event the player is entitled to add to his score all the points made on the next two balls. Thus: The first ball grets a strike—that Is ten 1 the player makes a strike with the next ball; that Is ten in the second frame, and it counts also ten for the first frame, making twenty for that. Rolling again, he gets another strike*. As this is the second ball since the first strike, it counts him ten in the third frame and also ten In the first and second frames. At this point, then, his score stands 30, 20, 10. On the second frame he Is 3till entitled to what he may make on the next ball, and on the third frame to what he may make on the next two balls. As you assume thnt he makes strikes on the fourth and fifth balls, the score then stands, 30, 30, 30, 20, 10. On the sixth ball the player, you assume, makes 8. That 8 counts, under the rule, on the fourth frame, the fifth frame J and In the sixth, where it was made. That! makes the score 30,30, 30. 28, 18, 8. The scoring \ Is just the straight application of the simple | rule that when a strike is made with the first ball in any frame the player is entitled to add to that strike all the points made on the next two balls, each of which, of course, counts in its frame for what it gets. HILL'S GLASS-CASK CIGARS New York Times. James J. Hill of railroad fame waff standing In front of the cigar stand in the Waldorf- Astoria the other evening and asked the man behind the cigars: "Does any one ever smoke those big thick cigars that com-* in the round glass bottles?" "Oh, yes, sir," said the cigar man, "they are very popular around Christmas time; but we don't keep them." "I am very glad to hear It," said Mr. Hill. "Neither do I keep them. Some one who I thought had some regard for me sent me some the other day, and I didn't know whether any one ever smoked them or not So I gave them to the chambermaid to dec orate her room with." A Illßlier View of Life. Waseca Journal. The main business of this generation should not be to cut down all the forests, to dig out of the crust of th« earth and use up all the metals, coal and oil —to pile up dollars, but the main business of tills genera tion should be to train the next generation how to live. In Lighter Vein Manufacturing: Competition for Writer*. Dr. Richard Burton, professor of English literature at the university and a post-gradu ate newspaper man, is brewing no end of trouble for his old associates. He is going to try to increase the number of those ambiti ous youths who like to write "articles" or "pieces" for the paper or "hand in items." Under his sheltering wing a sort of news and literary bureau is to be established at the university. It will "provide a means through which our university may become better known as a field of literary endeavor." The young gentlemen and ladies who ate desirous of depressing the salaries paid on newspaper row will be encouraged to submit their "pieces" and stories to this bureau which, if it finds them passable, will endeavor to get a market for them. It i 3 altogether nrobable that every once in a while some of the bureau's contributors will write something acceptable. Every time that is done one more reporter or story writer, good, bad or in different, will be born into the world whero daily bread is earned by composition. It is not at all likely that Dr. Burton would make the same mistake, if he got the chance, that the dean of an eastern school of Journalism did. Julius Chambers tells the story in a recent issue of the Saturday Evening Post. There was a fire in the women's dormitory of the college ar.d there were some thrilling escapes and some ludicrous scenes. The man aging editor of a New York paper, who wrs a supporter of the '.dea of a course in journal ism, telegraphed the dean to have his bright young men write accounts of the ftre and Efnd them in. The dean was offended. It was so undignified, you know. The request was de clined and a lot of bright young men lost opportunities to make themselves persoaae griuae when the time came to file away their diplomas and look for a chance to convert copy into salary. Xot much has since been heard of that school of journalism. Even the dean saw the point after a while. A Little Advice. On one point, however, we think we may bo able to give Dr. Burton's proteges a little advice. You know your preceptor has a soft side for slang, regarding it as a sort of turbid spring from which flows a stream of English undented. Now that is all right for c-ssays, lectures on fiction, Kipling analyses and so forth, but if you intend to write for the news papers beware of slang unless you wi3h to make a specialty of it—like Townsend and Ade. Souia and the Fuot-Warmeri, John Philip Sousa, the American buna con ductor, has been so well received in England that he feels as if he has the freedom ot the island. Consequently he does not hesitate to poke fun at some things sacredly British. He' tells the London Mail that nothing in Great Britain has so much impressed him as ftie railway carriage foot-warmer. "It Is not so big as St. Paul's cathedral," he says, "nor so long as Regent street, but nothing archi tectural in the whole country has made such a vivid impression on my mind as the foot warmer." It seems to have ma^e a vivid impression on th& conductor's feet, too, for he avers that he contracted chillblains while keeping his feet against one of these devices. Altogether the English reporters, have made a good deal of copy out of Sousa. They fancy that they get the American tang into his con versation when they represent hi mas saying that he has been having a "right slick" time. Honest Critic, Brave Paper. - > '—---— If the stories about the theatrical trust's dealings with the New York theatrical critics that have crept into the papers are to be believed, that aggre gation or capital is a few degrees worse than anything in the railroad or manufac turing line. It is said that by dint of threatening the with drawal of the adver tising of the numerous theaters belonging to the syndicate the lat ter has succeeded to a large degree in mold ing the tone of dramatic criticism in the metropolitan press. Not only that, but ob jectionable critics—that is, objectionable to the syndic-ate— have been forced out of their positions by means of the same threat ad dressed to the counting-room. But when the trust tried to bulldoze the Commercial Ad vertiser and Its well-known and highly ! esteemed critic, Norman Hapgood, it ran up \ against a stone wall, and when It was all over there wutn't even a dent in the wall jto show where the trust had charged. The Commercial Advertiser, being asked to choose, omitted the advertisements and kept Mr. Hapgood, whose scalp was in great demand by the syndicate by reason of his revela j tions of its 1 methods. After a brref hiatus the advertisements reappeared in the Com mercial Advertiser, Mr. Hapgood was not discharged, he did not recant and he in no way altered his criticisms to make them j satisfactory to the gentlemen who have so ! magnified the commercial side of the stage at the expense o£ the artistic. A Noble DreM Reformer. Lord Ronald Sutherland Gower is the name of the English nobleman who is striving so hard to reform men's dress. At times he almost works at his idea. So far he has been largely theory and limitedly practice. But he talks to av;ed British "journalists" about some day heroically appearing at the theater in reformed attire, backed up by a number of his friends. "But it will need a lot of courage," tilths the noble lord. Lord Ronald Sutherland Gower seems to be just about as virile a man as Tennyson draws in his pink-and-white, goody-goody poem, "Lady Clare ": "It was the time when lilies' blow. And <:iouds are highest up In air. Lord Ronald brought a lily-white do« To give his cousin, Lady Clare." You remember the rest. This truly noble lord did not bok when he found that Lady Clare was no heiress, but married her just the same. What nobility—for a nobUI This la Avrful. Now that ye are on British themes we might as well have another. There appeared in the news' columns the other day a story of how a Minneapolis '"churchman" (Episco palian) at the Instance of Ms pastor and brethren in the fold, consulted the bishop to ascertain vhetr-er, being divorced under cer tain embarrassing circumstances, be could, under canon law, marry as he had Intended. But this gentleman's predicament wasl noth ing compared with the one in which the vicar of Oodalaiing Parish church, In England, found himself the other day. A couple had presented thtmselves to be married. Every thing was in proper order for the ceremony except that the four bridesmaids were hat less. Be:ause of the absence of hats the vicar could have stopped the wedding and prosecuted the bridesmaids for "brawling." "The covering of the head by woman, and the uncovering by man," says Pearson's Weekly, "is an. essential part of Christianity ! and the law of the land." But the vicar re i lented, rnarrlod the couple and gave them a i talking to afterwards. How admirable are the | customs the ancient made for the twentieth ; century. NO IVORY CHOPSTICKS New Turk Mail and Express. Nothing ia so repugnant to the mind of tha free-born American as class distinction, whether of blood or of wealth, but certain of our foreign population do not have this aversion. "We were d'nlng In Chinatown," continued the man who locks about him, "and, being thorough Bohemians, we scorned the forks that our mothers taught u» to use and or dered chopsticks. We were eating content edly, if not gracefully, when our attention was attracted to a large party of Chinamen who were gathered around the table on our right. As each reached for the dainty tid-blt he fanoied most in the large dish that adorned the center of the table, and which contained the menu for the entire party, we noticed that he had beautiful ivory chopsticks. Oura ware of bamboo, parted black. We beckoned the head waiter, and he came up with his ■mile, celebrated in song. "I said: 'Charles (I object to all Chinaman being called John), get u» some ivory chop sticks; they are the prettiest things I «ver saw.' "Charles said, 'No! No ivly chopsticks.' " 'Why, Charles, those fellows over tier* have them. Why can't we?' " 'They eat sllx dollar dinner; you eat sllxty clent dinner,' was his' reasonable re ply."