OCR Interpretation

The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, January 17, 1902, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1902-01-17/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Exposition Will Not Take
Place Till 1904,
Elaborate' Foreign Exhibits Could
Not Be Secured in Time.
Cowardly Deed of a Former
. Pension Attorney.
/ -
^Sharpshooter No. 1 Will Pick You
Off," He Writes.
He Says a Year's Postponement "Will
Be a n Exposition Record
While the Senate Is Considering a Way Across the Isthmus It ^ ^ h | L o o k This Over. |
Russian Influence to Be Less
ened by a New Rail
way Line.
Constantinople, Jan. 17.An irade has
been promulgated approving of the final
convention for the construction of the
Bagdad railroad by a German company.
A guarantee of 17,000 francs per kilo
meter is promised. The line will be car
ried to the Persian Gulf, but the proposal
to fix the terminus at Koweit is aban
doned, owing to political considerations.
The concession for a line of railroad
connecting the Bosporus with the Per
sian Gulf is regarded as extremely im
portant politically and commercially.
When completed it will bring India with
in approximately eight days of London
and it will open a new international
granary and bring a considerable part of
Asia Minor under German influence. The
German concession conflicts seriously with
the Russian plans for the extension of the
Siberian railroad towards India.
Milwaukee and Soo Roads Reach
ing Out Northwestward.
It Is Said They Have Heretofore
Stood in the Wa y of
German Products Boycotted
by Poles, Who Buy
of America.
St. Petersburg, Jan. 17.The Polish boy
cott of German goods is spreading. The
association of agricultural and co-oper
ative societies, covering several provinces
around Vilna, has passed a resolution not
to purchase any more German products.
Many firms which hitherto had always
handled German agricultural machinery
and implements are now ordering imple
ments and machinery exclusively of Amer
ican manufacture.
Results In the Northwestern Bons
plel at Duluth.
Special to The Journal.
Duluth, Minn., Jan. 17.In the North
western association bonspiel to-day W. D.
Stout of St. Paul defeated D. W. Stocking
of Duluth, 16 to 4, in the Duluth jobbers'
Reports that the Milwaukee and the Soo
railroads are to make several important
extensions in the. northwest this year
are being discussed with interest. The
impression prevails among railroad men
that whatever understandings may have
existed between certain roads and the
Northern Pacific are at an end since the
Northern Pacific settlement in New York
resulted In Hill domination of that road.
The Milwaukee is pushing its line from
Eureka, S. D., into southwestern North
Dakota and will probably use that exten
sion as a base for tapping the Missouri
slope country- It is understood that the
Soo for years has been kept out of the
Bismarck country owing to an understand
ing between the Canadian Pacific and the
Northern Pacific in which the Northern
Pacific extensions in Manitoba were not
made as a result of no further encroach
ments upon Northern Pacific territory in
North Dakota by the Soo. With the
practical -retirement of the Northern Pa
cific from Manitoba by the leasing of its
lines to the Manitoba government the
Northern Pacific lost the club it had
wielded in Canadian Pacific territory. The
Soo began its campaign of Northern Pa
cific terirtory last year by the Missouri
river extension, forcing the Northern Pa
cific to make preparations to build south
from Its main line. There appears to be
no doubt in the minds of railway men that
the Soo's policy of paralleling its ownthat
lines at a distance of from fifty to one
hundred miles is to be carried out to some
extent this year by the extension of the
road into Bismarck.
There is also a firm belief that the Soo
will begin another parallel within a short
time by building from Elbow Lake, Minn.,
into Fargo and from that city northwest
to a point on its main line near the Ca
nadian boundary. This will give the Sooknown.
a line through a good portion of the Red
River valley and the productive and prom
ising territory to the west. It will also
make Fargo a railway center of consid
erable importance, giving it four good
roads, and will double its business as a
distributing center. It will also open up
a vast amount of new rich territory for
Minneapolis. This would practically give
the Soo a double track the entire length
of its line in North Dakota and add im
mensely to the road's revenue..
Twin City Dividends Are to
Be Declared Quar-
Washington, Jan. 17.The Louisiana
Purchase Exposition, which was to have
been held at St. Louis in 1903, will not
take place until W04.
That tact was practically conceded by
ex-Governor Francis, president of the ex
position company, and Adolph Busche,.
financial agent of the company, at the
White House to-day. Since arriving here
and conferring -with the foreign represen
tatives. Governor Francis and Mr. Busche
have come to the conclusion that unless
the exposition is postponed a year the
exposition will not be able to secure the
elaborate foreign exhibits- which are dedentas
sired. They find, for instance, that a
great Japanese fair is to be given under
government auspices in 1903-, and If the
exposition is postponed until 1904 every
thing of interest exhibited there can besioner
brought to St. Louis the fololwing year. It
is the desire of the exposition manage
ment that tEe foreign exhibits especially
shall be very complete. "In 1903 we can
make the exposition as great as any ever
given," said Governor Francis "but ifspecial
we postpone a year it will''surpass any
thing in the exposition line ever attempt
ed. We can be ready in 1903, but it is
questionable whether we can secure what
we want from abroad by that time."
In order to interest foreign govern
ments it is tne desire of the exposition
management that.: foreign agents of the
exposition be appointed and accredited
by the state department, -and steps are
being taken to that end. Yesterday Gov
ernor Francis and Mr. Busche extended
an invitation through the German .am-
bassy to Prince Henry to visit St. Louis
during his stay in this country, but noing
reply has been received.
i 3 $
Gity of Chilpantingo, in Guerrero,
Mexico, Suffered Severely in the
Shock of Thursday. :''
Fine Specimen of One of the Classes
That Wa r Upon Pension
Special to The Journal. #
New York, Jan. 17.The Twin City Rap
id Transit dividend is payable Feb^ 15.
Books close Feb. 5 and re-open Feb. 17.
The policy in regard to paying dividends
on common stock in the future will be to
make them quarterly instead of semi
It is authoritatively stated that at the
meeting of the directors to-day action
was deferred regarding the details of
various improvements that the manage
ment has under contemplation until fur
ther reports have been received from ex
perts who are working out several plans.
Question of Legality Raised
Over Retirement of N. P.
President Francis Denies Having
Admitted Postponement.
St. Louis, Jan. 17The dispatch front
Washington quoting President Francis as
intimating that the exposition might not
be held until 1904 was a great surprise
at world's fair headquarters here.
Vice President Corwii H. Spencer of
the Louisiana Purchase j Exposition com
pany said: - / ','-
"I have receivei-^f^atch irom Presi
dent Francis saying : r]v't ,have not talked
of postponement nor. sdnjitted it at &U.
From The Journal Bureau, Room 45,Poat
Building, Washington.
Washington, Jan. 17.The arrest of the
blackguard who sent an indecent and..in-
sulting note to the president from Rich-'
mond after the Booker Washington inci
dent, has been published in the news
papers, but it is not the only thing of
the kind that has happened within a lit
tle while. In December last a scrawl to
the following effect reached the White
House: *
New York City, Dec. 13, 1901.Mr. Presi
it has fallen by lot that you shall
be the next man that must suffer as you still
Ignore the poor pensioners & soldiers who
fought to save the mnion by keeping in therero,
pension office our deadly enemy of the pen
and you must pay the penalty this year
off at a distance on your travels By Order
off at a distanc eon your travels By Order
Gen Abercrombie.
This was turned over to the secret
service, which, in co-operation with the
agents of the pension office, made
an investigation and soon traced the mis
sive to one William Barton, a disbarred
pension attorney and claim agent, living
at Peekskill, N. Y.
It appears that Barton was arrested in
December, 1898, on the charge of receiv
ng an illegal fee and forging the name of
one Denis Cleary, a pensioner, on the back
of the check sent for his first payment,
$li7.07. He was taken before a United
States commissioner and held in $2,000
bail id await the action of the grand jury,
but saved the government further trouble
by confession. As his counsel and an
outside medical expert satisfied the prose
cuting attorney that Barton was suffer
from paresis due to chronic alcohol
ism, and irresponsible, the case was
dropped, but of course he was disbarred
fom pension practice by the secretary of
the interior. Since then he has been dis
owned by his family, lost whatever busi
ness he had, and been an inmate of a
poorhouse in Westchester county. His
lesson at the hands of the law has
however, prevented him from continuing
to be grossly abusive of the present ad
ministration of the pension office.
When apprehended for his latest offense,
he was found in a saloon in Yonkers. He
was charged with writing and mailing the
letter to the president, and admitted it
under oath
The Number of People Who Lose
Their Lives in the Disaster ls^
Placed at600.
Senator Frye Authorized to
Report Bill Favor-
Goodmanson, Principal of Tacoma
Story, in Marshall Last Week.
Her Home Was at Marshall and Nothe
Report Has Been Received
hy Relatives.
event and passed into the semi-finals and
falling against J. W. Hunter of Hortney,
Canada. S. F. Fullerton wasput out of
the Duluth Curling Club e v e ^ by A.
W. Frick of Duluth, 12 to 11. L. P. Ord
way of St. Paul defeated M. Richmond of
Chicago 12 to 9, and passed into the semi-
flnalB of the St. Paul jobbers' event.
John McLeod of Minneapolis won a game
la ta-consolidation event, -"ms^m
Special to The Journal.
Marshall, Minn., Jan. 17.Dr. J. Sidney
Goodmanson, whose disappearnce, with a
story of supposed lynching for the sus
pected murder of his second wife, was
told from Tacoma in yesterday's J o u r -
n a l , has been seen by Marshall ac
quaintances since his reported disappear
Goodmanson, who was tried in Bender,
Neb., for poisoning his first wife, was
afterwards married to Nettie O'Donald,
whose home was here, and whose mother,
wife of Judge Weymouth, an old resident,
lives six miles from Marshall. If she is
the second wife referred to as having.died
under suspicious circumstances, her
death has not been heard of here, and
she was in this "vicinity a month before
the holidays.
Goodmanson came here last week to
call on his wife's mother and talked with
many old friends.. His home is supposed
to have been at Webster, S. D., for some
time, but he told of their intention to
move to Kansas City.
After the Nebraska episode Goodman
son sought a license to practice dentistry
in this state, but failed to secure it from
the state examiners, and went to South
Dakota. . 1 --
A telegram from New York announces
J. Pierpont Morgan will be called
upon to testify in court regarding his
actions on Jan. 1. It was on that day that
the Northern Pacific preferred stock was
retired and the operation was conducted
under the personal direction of Mr. Mor
gan and Daniel S. Lamont, vice presi
dent .of the road. This fact is generally
No secret was made of it at the
time, and just why it should be important
to place it upon the court records is not
quite clear.
Local attorneys who are interested in
the fight which Peter Power is making
against the merger, the first step in which
was taken in the Hennepin county dis
trict court, say they know nothing of the
matter, and rather inclined to doubt
the accuracy of the statement.
However, in the argument made before
Judge Lochren of the United States court,
George A. Lamb, a New York attorney
representing the Power interests, made
the statement that any action taken by
the company to retire its preferred stock
on Jan. 1 would be illegal in New York as
the day was a legal holiday. He said
that state laws made it impossible for
the company to effect such a step on a
holiday and, although his contention was
ridiculed by the attorneys representing
Northern Pacific-Great Northern in
terests, he maintained his position stout
If Mr. Lamb^was correct in his stand,
if New York laws forbid the transaction
of such business on a holiday, then the
importance of the proof which It is said
Mr. Morgan will be called upon to give
becomes readily apparent.
The major portion of the 75,000,000 pre
ferred stock was unquestionably retired
Jan. 1. If that retirement was illegal
those who are engineering the merger
are confronted by a serious proposition.
Washington, Jan. 17.The senate com
mittee to-day authorized Senator Frye,
its chairman, to make a favorable report
on his ship subsidy bill. Senator Frye's
report accompanying the bill places the
cost of the subsidy at $4,700,000. Based
on actual navigation of American vessels
in foreign trade in 1900, the subsidies
proposed would amount to $1,072,000- The
bounties on deep sea fisheries is estimated
at $175,000. He says the receipts from
ocean mail postage will provide $3,000,000
of thisi amount, leaving a deficit under
the system proposed of nearly'$2,000,000.
The democratic members voted against
reporting the bill. They also voted solid
ly for a motion offered by Senator Mallory
to strike out the general subsidy provision
of the bill. The committee made several
amendments to the bill. The most im
portant, allowing mail-carrying vessels to
be either iron or steel instead of steel
only, as originally provided, and reduce
to 1,000 gross registered tons, the vessels
recieving a bounty. .....
City of Moxlco, Jan. 17.A telegram
has been received in this city stating that
the city of Chilpanclngo, state of Guer
suffered severely from yesterday's
earthquake shock and that 600 persons
were killed.
The shock of the earthquake last even
ing was felt in many cities and towns of
the republic. In the City of Mexico the
earthquake was felt at 5:17 p. m. The
first movement was one of trepidation
and was very sharp. It was followed by
a gentler oscillatory movement north,
northeast to south, southwest, the dur
ation being fifty-five seconds. Beyond a
tew cracks in buildings no damage was
done in Mexico City.
Young Man Kills a Girl and
Then Shoots Him-
Coffeen, 111., Jan. 17.A buggy contain
ing the dead body of Miss Gertie Clilfford,
who lived near Donnellson, and Fred
Brockman, in an unconscious condition,
came to Hart's livery stable last night.
Miss Clifford's body was taken to an un
dertaking establishment and Brockman
placed in the hands of physicians.
Later he was aroused and put under ar
The young -woman's death was evidently
caused by an ugly bullet wound through
the temple. Brockman' had shot himself
twice in the head, and it is doubtful
I was drinking pretty hard whether he will live. He refused to say
How Letters to U. S. Consul
at JohannesburgAre
then," he explained. "I remember writ
ing a letter, but do not jio.w^remember
what I wrote." When shown the original
letter, however, he identified It.
The incident would never have been
heard of, probably, but for the Richmond
counterpart. It is interesting only for
two reasonsas showing the kind of cattle
whose cause the professional veterans and
the '"soldier papers" champion so fierce
ly In their war upon Commissioner
Evans, and as typical of-the source from
-which come so many anonymous threaten
ing letters to public men.
MORRIS Representative Morris
and Messrs. Bernard and
AND Warner of Cass Lake,
called at the Indian of
THE PARK, flee to-day and had a con
ference with Commission
er Jones about the Morris bill for the
amendment of the Nelson timber act. Be
fore the bill was presented in the house
it was submitted to the Indian office and
indorsed, with the exception of some
minor features. It is, therefore, expected
that the commissioner and Secretary
Hitchcock will make favorable report on
it. Both Morris and the Cass Lakers
are anxious to have some of the timber
lands sold and opened to settlement and
urged Commissioner Jones to do all he
could to that end.
These gentlemen also called on Gifford
Pinchot, chief of the forestry division of
the department of agriculture, and talked
over his plan for the preservation of pine
forests in Minnesota. It provides for the
sale of ripe timber each year and theline
planting of young trees to take the, place
of those removed, thus perpetuating the
forest. Morris has been credited with
being in favor of this plan of forest
preservation, but up to date has made, no
definite anouncement of his intention to
favor the oreation of a park in Minne
sota. He explained that his call on Pin
chot to-day was simply for the purpose-'of
getting information on the subject.
W. W. Jermane.
Real Estate of the Aunt of the Duch
ess of Manchester Attached.
Cincinnati, Jan. 17.A suit in an attach
ment was filed to-day by A. A. Tauquin, a
Parisian banker, against Miss Evans of this
city, aunt of the Duchess of Manchester, for
2,860 francs. The suit is on a draft drawn
on herselfMarch 4, 1898, and not paid. The
real estate of Miss Evans is attached. It \n
said the money obtained on the draft was
used for expenses connected with the wed
ding of Miss Zimmerman and the Duke of
Manchester. Miss Evans at the time was
la Paris with her aleee.
London, Jan. 17.In the examination
of the press censor of Johannesburg, in
the trial of Dr. Krause to-day, it tran
spired that the postofHce oflicials there
were in the habit of sending to the cen
sor all letters addressed to the United
States consul, Mr. Gordon. The lord
chief justice asked if such letters were
subject to censorship. On being ^informed
that he was not bound to reply,'the cen
sor declined to answer the question. ^
Twelve Thousand Editorial Com
ments on McKinley Clipped.
Special to The Journal.
New York, Jan. 17.A press clipping
bureau in this city has just completed a
collection of newspaper clippings for
Senator Hanna covering everything
printed in the editorial columns of the
press of the United States and England
relating to the death of Willlain McKin
.ley. No king or uncrowned ruler ever
received so many tributes of love .and
esteem, not only from the press of his
own country, but frbm all over the world.
This remarkable collection covers 12,000
editorial comments on the death of the
late president, and is mounted on heavy,
gray cardboard and bound in four volumes,
in full morocco. A more appropriate and
pleasing memorial of our martyred presi
dent could not well he devised. *
Washington Small Talk.
Postmasters appointed to-day: Minnesota
Highland, Fillmore, county, \V. N. Worra.
North DakotaSelz, Emmons county, Anton
F. Vetter.
The controller of the currency has approved
the organization of the First National bank
of Amboy, Minn., with a capita! of $25,000.
Rural free delivery service has been or
dered established March 1 at Buxton, Traill
county Lisbon, Ransom county, and Moore
ton, Richland county, N. D., and Hartford,
Minnehaha county Milbank, Grant county,
and Sherman, Minnehaha county, S. D.
Accidental Death of the Father of
Congressman Smith.
Council Bluffs, Iowa, Jan. 17.George F.
Smith, father of Congressman Smith of
this city, was found dead early to-day in
his room at the Ogden hotel. He is sup
posed to have been accidentally suffocated
by gas, a half-open fixture being found
in the room. He was 74 years of age and,
leaves two sons and a daughter. He was
a building contractor in this city for many
years, but has lived in retirement for
some time.
anything except that a letter could be
found in the buggy to explain matters.
The letter was found, but the officials de-,
cline to make it public. Miss Clifford
was a member of a highly respected family
near Donnellson and was 20 years of age.
Fred Brockman is of the same age and a
son of Hiram Brockman of Coffeen.
Receiver Frost Hires Men to
Despoil the Washburn
Pere Marquette Craft Sinks
at Mouth of Ludington
Thrilling Escape of Passen
gers in the Life Savers'
Breeches Buoy.
Special to The Journal.
Washburn, Wis., Jan. 17.As a result
of the contempt proceedings in the fed
eral court at Madison yesterday, in which
the district attorney and sheriff of Bay
field county, were sentenced to sixty days
each in the Dane county jail and) six
prominent Bayfield county citizens were
fined $250 each, the receiver of the
Washburn, Bayfield & Iron River railroad
is hiring men here to tear up the main
of the road next Monday.
A stay of proceedings has been obtained
and the officials are still at liberty. Legal
proceedings, It is understood, are. under
way to thwart the tearing up of the line
as contemplated. The court's filnding hasx
intensified feeling here.
He Had Wind of th e Committee's
Visit and Toole French -
c C0LLil
British Columnia Jurist Dies During
a Convulsion.
Victoria, B. C, Jan. 17.Chief Justice
McColl died here last night during a con
vulsion. He had-been suffering^ ,aoina
rime *J*bMcht'& dlsa*.\ -
Proposed Acquisition of Western
Union and Postal.
New TTorU Sun Speoial Servie*
Washington, Jan. 17.A bill introduced in
the* senate by Mr. Harris of Kansas provides
for the acquisition by the government of "the
telegraph lines and property of the Western
Union and Postal Telegraph companies. The
value of the properties are to be ascertained
by arbitrators, and if they are unable to
agree, by condemnation procee lings.
State Association Formed To-day at
Des Moines.
, Des Moines, Iowa, Jan. 17.The Iowa State
Educational asstelation was organized here
to-day,-about two score educators being in
attendance. C. M.. Junkin of Fairfield waa
elected president ^and W. A. Parrott of Wa
terloo aeoretaiy.. Meetings will be held an
nually. , L /
Special to The Journal.
Chadron, Neb., Jan. 17.Edward Satter
lee, who was a member of the committee
chosen to investigate the alleged confes
sion of thewSpaniard
n Bo b Yago' s ranc h
in Sioux county, that it was he who sent
the battleship Maine to the bottom of
Havana harbor, has returned with the
information that Manuel De Silvia Braga
was not to be found on tha,t ranch.
He was told the Spaniard had learned of
the investigation and had boarded the
eastbound Elkhorn train at Glenn, Neb.
Mr. Satterlee found letters and other
papers at the home of Yago which, he
says, convinced him beyond doubt that
this Spaniard was in some manner con
noted with or knew all about the destruc
tion of the Maine.
Pressed with questions, he admitted that
the papers prove the Spaniard was In
Cuba as a military officer during Weyler's
regime that he left there about the time
the Maine was destroyed, and came to this
Ludington, Mich., Jan. 17.The Pere
Marquette railroad company's steamer,
No. 3, struck the bar at the mouth, of the
harbor early to-dayjwhile attempting to
enter in a high southwest gale and waa
scuttled in nine feet of water.
The nine passengers and the crew of
thirty were taken off by the life-saving
crew with their breeches buoy apparatus.
The No. 3 lies 150 feet from the end of the
north pier and 200 feet from the shore,
withjjreat waves dashing over her decks.
She is already a mass of ice.
'Twas Before Daylight.
The accident occurred before daylight.
Passengers and crew were rudely awak
ened by the succession of shocks as the
steamer pounded on the bar. Signals of
distress were immediately blown and the
life-saving crew quickly responded.
"Running their mortar out on the pier,
the life savers sent a line to the wreck.
A heavier rope*was then hauled aboard
and when day broke there was. a line 200
feet long stretched from the pier to the
No. 3, and the breeches buoy apparatus
was ready for use. Over this line the
passengers, four of whom were women,
and the crew of thirty were safely taken,,
in within two hours.
Buoy and Passengers Drenched.
It was a thrilling rescue. As the people
were drawn along the rope the great
waves broke over them and all were
drenched by the icy water when they ar
rived on the pier.
The boat was loaded with 25,000 bushel*
of barley and 200 tons of merchandise.
The stranding occurred at almost exactly
the same spot where the car ferry Mus
kegon struck and waB wrecked three
weeks ago. The Pere Marquette officials
hope to save No. 3 and her cargo but
there is great danger that the boat will
go to pieces if the high sea continues.
Captain Frank Dority, who was the last
man to leave the vessel in the buoy, aaya
that the rudder stock was twisted by the
large seas that were rolling and the steer
ing gear refused to work. The steamer
then lost her head and rolled In the
trough of the sea until she struck.
. Those on Board.
Following are the names of"the passen
gers: W. W. Archibald, Manistee E. W.
Seymor, Manistee E. O. Flaherty, De
troit Joseph Norris, Manistee Anna
Johnston, Manistee Mrs. Bremansteln,
Detroit W. A. Gastier and wife, Luding
ton A. A. Seibert, Manistee.
Rev. F. G. B. Howard, Who Used th
Mails to Swindle.
Detroit, Jan. 17:Judge Swan of the United
States district court to-day sentenced Rev.
F. G. B. Howard, who had pleaded guilty to
using the mails to obtain money under false
pretenses at Horton, Mich.,., to two and a
half years in the Detroit house of correc
tion. Howard, who is well known through
out the country, was arrested in Columbus,
Ohio, several years ago as' he left the Ohio
penitentiary after ^serving a nine-year sen
tence, and brought here.
Special to The Journal.
Chippewa Falls, Wis., Jan. 17.Mrs. Cass
andana Cruttenden, aged 90 years, died at heS
home in this city last evening. She was born
In Nobleville, N. Y., Dec. S, 1812. She leaves
a large family of children and grandchildren,
Whe n the Pope Dies
._"'' .- ''-''' - V ..'.-'- f '-."'.' ' " '
y*e Tbrfc Sun Special Service _ V " * -Jf
Washington, Jan. 17.The rumors that the pope is dangerously ill and fainted
while receiving a number of American pilgrims are discredited here. The apostllo '
delegation has not been advised that the health of Pope Leo is failing. ' \
It is stated at the home of Cardinal Martinelli that, while it is not customary to ",,
send out bulletins of. the pontiff's condition, the fact of his passing away will be s i
known throughout Christendom in time to permit the prayers of the faithful for his \
happy death. When the pope's physicians recognize the signs of dissolution a cable-c ^*
gram will be immediately sent to 'Cardinal Martinelli, the apostolic delegate at 'J,
Washington." No matter when this is received, he will notify the nearest church. ^pg
Immediately the bells will begin a dirge which will continue until the pope's demise-^"''
The apostolic delegate ajad Cardinal Gibbons will then proceed to Rome to attend Ui*
conclave which will lect tbstaicceasor of Pope Leo XIII.- ,*\
- \ !

xml | txt