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WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 13, 1902.
* - - * * - . ? THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. *r/ ,-.**-' /v_j * - -r ** w * - 1 1 \ A BEW RATEFACTO R Country Millers to Take More of a Hand. FAVOR MORE POWER FOR I. C. C. Vtae Q u e s t i o n H a s B e e n A g i t a t e d P a r t i c u l a r l y b y t u e IVortli ! D a k o t a M i l l e r s . apolis. The work was doner at dflrf of the elevators of the St. Anthony Elevator" company by ten men -who say they could, have handled 120 cars in the ..same time without any particular trouble. No thought of a record was had when the work began. T H E C. P. R. ATIiANTIC STEAMERS Sir ' There is much evidence that the coun try miller is to become a warm advocate of regulation of railway rates by a gov ernment commission, or in other words, the granting of more power to the inter state commerce commission. Many of the Minnesota and South Dakotfa millers in dividually express strong opinions in this direction, and the North Dakota millers are reinforcing their action of their state organization by asking their congression al delegation to, actively support the measures now before congress granting the Interstate commerce commission more power. This question has been more thorough ly agitated among the millers of North Iakot than those of the other two states. They complain bitterly of dis crimination in the past by the railroads against the smaller mills. They concede that the situation is much better since the injunctions were served on the vari ous railroads operating between Chicago and other central points in the middle west, but they enthusiastically indorse the proposition that regulation through a commission with power to enforce its rulings will be an added Improvement. One of the representative millers of the State says: There is some good argument against grant ing more power to the interstate commerce commission. It comes to us principally from the railroads and big shippers and we recog nize that there may be some merit In it. But our experience has taught us that we need the assistance of a power over and above the railway manager if the small mill Is to receive fair treatment from the roads in its fight against Its competitor in the big centers. We have suffered from the demoralizing rebate system which was on in all its glory until the recent Injunctions were served by the courts. Temporarily the situation is some better, but it is not what it should be now. Traffic managers would undoubtedly like to maintain rates absolutely. They have demon strated their inanity to do so. The govern ment should asslsx them through its commis sion. Notwithstanding the talk that the business Interests of this state have no objection to the merger you will find that most of themi'.l- rs of North Dakota will not subscribe to the tfcaory that the elimination of railway com fetltlon is a good thing. We need competi tion here under present conditions in order to develop the industry. If the merger holds and competition between the Great Northern and Northern Pacific Is consequently elimin ated as is ithe case now, strict government regulation of railway rates cannot come too soon. No matter what may be the attitude of millers in other states toward this kind of legislation the millers of this state are for it and we hope to secure the active and ag gressive assistance of our congressmen and . senators. W i n. V a n H o m e O u t l i n e s tlie P l a n U n d e r C o n s i d e r a t i o n . . Special to The Journal. New York, Aug. 13.Sir Wiliam Van Home, chairman of the board of Cana dian Pacific, speaking of the Canadian Pacific fast line project, says: The Canadian Pacific has no dealings with the British government direct. We make our representations to the Dominion government and they in turn will come to an agreement if possible with the British government as to subsidy, rights, conditions, etc. I believe we shall be able to make thoroughly satisfactory arangements with the Dominion government. If there has 'been any hitch it is between the Canadian government and the British gov ernment. We have the people of Canada wholly and heartily with us. It has 'been recognized for a long time that such a line is essential to the commercial prosperity of the country, and the project has been mooted in various forms for many years. Our project has nothing to do with the so called Morgan combine. We had our plan in mind long before the Morgan combine was mentioned. The St. Lawrence route is thoroughly prac ticable, safe and adequate for a fast steam ship service between Quebec and British ports. Below Quebec the river is of tre mendous width and has perfectly safe chan nels. All that is necessary to make the route as safe as any waterway in the world is the setting of a certain number -of signals, and the general safeguardmg^of the channel such a is necessary in the case of any harbor entrance. This work will be done by the Canadian government. When our line is fully established our summer route will be via the Straits of Belle Isle during the best part of the summer and south of Newfoundland when the route by the straits become impracticable. The winter port will be Halifax. effect Priday. That reduction will take $800,000 a year out of the pockets of the railways In the Columbia basin. I should feel gfeater satisfaction with this reduction if I thought the farmers would get all the benefit. But frankly, I believe they will get tout little of the $800,000 we lose. It will be absorbed by the commission men and speculators. While I believe this will be true, I still think the conferences with the farmers direct will be productive of good, because of the greater acquaintance that came out of them and the fact that all must recog nize that the railroads tried to meet the popu lar demands. If the farmers do not get the benefit, they must at least admit that we did our share toward^ favoring them. N. P. W i l l A p p e a l . The Northern Pacific road has deter mined to appeal from theUorder of the circuit court at Duluth, commanding it to keep gpen the old St. Paul & Duluth depot. Action was* begun by the state railroad and warehouse commission, and the road has determined to carry the matter to the supreme court. Falling there, the legislature will be asked to permit the road to run its St. Paul trains through West Superior. G. A. R. R a t e May C a u s e T r o u b l e . G. A. R. encampment rates between the twin cities and Chicago again threaten to get the railroads into trouble. The rate fromo 'Chicago east is 1 cent a mile, while the announced rate from here to the windy city is one fare,- or about 1% cents a mile. However, certain roads are said to have determined to cut this, and if the cut is made trouble will follow. FARMS ABE SMALLERUNIONISM An Evidence That Rural Minne sotans Are Diversifying Crops. BONANZA FARMS BEING CUT UP T h e D e m a n d for I^and Is So U r g e n t i T h a t B o n a n z a F a r m e r s . Let Go. IS CONDEMNED RAILROAD ATTORNEY H e S a y s It C r e a t e s Class C o n d i t i o n s a n d T h a t It Is A l s o U n - A m e r i c a n . C o m m m i s s i o n F i r m s L i c e n s e d . The state railroad and warehouse com mission has licensed 117 commission firms within the past three weeks. Already the licenses issued exceed those of last year, a fact that is taken to indicate better times among the farmers and increasing prosperity. M O R E : T H A N I N T E R E S T Stnteihent of L o a d e d Cars R a p i d l y . In ten hours yesterday 105 cars were loaded with 95,160 bushels of wheat, stablishing a new record for Mlnne- t h e E a r n i n g s of t h e B u r l i n g t o n . Chicago, Aug. 13.The first annual financial statement of the Burlington road since its absorption by the Northern Pacific and Great Northern interests was made public to-day. The figures show the great system has earned more .than enough to pay interest on the 4 per cent bonds paid the old company for its stock. The year's figures show a surplus of $10,- 185,406, which is greater than that of the previous year by $2,142,430, and exceeds by $1,385,000 the total necessary to pay interest on the Northern Pacific-Great Northern bonds. There is every promise that the condition of the system will re main satisfactory for another year. P r e d i c t s B i s E a r n i n g s . James J. Hill, president of the North ern Securities company, is said to have estimated the gross earnings of the three merger roads for the ensuing year at about $150,000,000. The Burlington is ex pected to earn about $60,000,000 the Northern Pacific, $50,000,000 and the Great Northern, $40,000,000. E x c u r s i o n b y M. & St. L. The iMinioeapolls & St. Louis will run a main line excursion into this city Sun day, the fare from Des Moines and re turn being placed at $4.50. It is thought that fully 2,500 people will be attracted by this rate. W a g e s t o Go Up. NOT FARMERS' GAIN P r e s t. M e l l e n F e a r s T h e y W o n ' t Get Profit In R a t e R e d u c t i o n . Portland, Ore., Aug. 13.President Mel len of the Northern Pacific railroad, who is in the city, says the Northern Pacific could not only bridge the Columbia river at Vancouver, Wash., but also the Wil lamette river at Portland, and that it would be necessary also to tunnel the backbone of the peninsula between the two rivers. Mr. Mellen expressed the hope that the farmers would be benefited by the reduc tion in the grain rates that is to go into The Burlington road, Sept. 1, will ad vance the pay of conductors, brakemen ard baggagemen. $5 a month, making an increase of about $25,000 monthly in the company's pay roll. Northwestern farms are decreasing in size and increasing in number . Assess ment rolls this year show that the num ber of farnx owners in Minnesota has greatly increased over last. This is as true in the older as in the newer districts. In the sale of lands which has been so brisk for two years, holdings have been divided. In many instances the Iowa and Illinois purchaser has been content with a. much Smaller tract of land than the Minnesota farmer. This means that di versification of crops has come to stay. The small farmer is more inclined toward a variety of products than the owner of one or more sections. This year will mark the passing of sev eral bonanza farms. A company has been organized to dispose of some of the larg er farms in Grand Porks county, North Dakota. Another is already at work pre paring to cut into small parcels one of the big tracts in Cass county of that state now farmed by a single company. The demanu for land makes this plan certain of success as many of the new comers are anxious to secure land in the older localities of the grain region. Canada is to become the bonanza farm region. Companies are now forming to cultivate big tracts in the western prov inces. In three years more comparatively few of the famous bonanza farms of the American northwest will be intact. The temptation to sell these holdings at a good profit is too great to be resisted. OREGON FIR AND^PRUCE K e n t o n , Mich., Men P u r c h a s e 1 1 , 0 0 0 A c r e s for $ 5 0 0 , 0 0 0 . Special to The Journal. Houghton, Mich., Aug. 13.The Spar row-Kroll Lumber company of Kenton, Mich., has purchased 11,000 acres of fir and spruce timber on the coast in Ore gon. The deal involves over $500,000. The manager of the company has just re turned from Oregon. The company will continue operations at Kenton. The plant there was in operative last week because of the wash ing away of the dam. Work will be re sumed as soon as a new dam is built. r Nev Yorlo Sun Special Service New York, (Aug. 13.Senator Hanna's talk at Chautauqua last Saturday on the efficiency and desirability of arbitration brought' a reply ,to-day from Walter W. Ross, counsel ifor the Delaware, Lacka wanna.& Western railway. Referring to the contests between labor unions and employers, Mr. Ross said, in effect, that arbitration by outsiders is impossible. He continues: "The tendency of unionism is to destroy individual development and to create class conditions, kwhich is un-American. The environments in mines differ materially. What is fair and reasonable in one is ruinous in another. It is impossible to make uniform rules and regulations gov erning all mines alike. The proper forum, therefore, in which to settle the contract regulations between employer and em ploye is in the workshop of the employer, where the conditions are known to each. Employers, as a rule, are reasonable and pay their employes in accordance with the laws of competition. There ds always a market, except in times of panic, for the services of men, and if one employer will not pay the market value of the services to be sold, the employe has the right and generally the opportunity to sell his labor to another employer who will pay the market price. Of the 15,000 employes of the mining department of one of the large coal companies 80 per cent were opposed to entering upon this strike and yet, be cause the labor leaders succeeded in get ting 20 per cent to join with, the dissatis fied miners of other territory, they have been able to keep this large percentage of 'men from their work for more than three months and to cause them and their families sufferings and distress." FOREIGN FLASHES CalcuttaThe Indian government will at once proceed to build a railway on the Per sian frontier. StockholmThe sister-in-law of Andree, the explorer, is accused of having set fire to and destroyed her house and many valuable relics belonging to her brother-in-law at Gothen berg. ViennaHerr Christ, a court singer, who was reported as killed by falling from a lofty mountain peak, is now believed to have killed hlmBelf through infatuation for an American woman. RomeAn anarchist named Sganza, com missioned from New York to murder a Euro pean ruler, jumped overboard from the Italian steame Cltta di Milano, and was drowned. He preferred suicide to murder. AT PORT ARTHUR M i n n e s o t a E d i t o r i a l P a r t y A r r i v e d o n S c h e d u l e T i m e . ' Special to The Journal. Port Arthur, Ont., Aug. 13.The Minne sota State Editorial association arrived on schedule time at Port Arthur this morning. The weather is perfect and not a member is sick. Everything has been arranged for their comfort, and the ex cursion promises to be one of the best the association has ever had. T h e N e w N i g h t T r a i n for Sioux City a n d Sioux F a l l s v i a Great Northern R a i l w a y , Leaves St. Paul 7:30 p. hi., Minneapolis 8:05 p. im. Runs daily, including Sun days. Palace Sleeping Cars and Vesti buled coaches lighted- by Acetylene Gas! Try it. Tickets and full, information at r *.y Ticket Office, 300 Nicollet Avg,, Minne apolis. W a r m W e a t h e r P r e d i c t e d . Through the 30,000^ islands of Georgian Bay to Detroit and Toledo and return. All expenses included, $40.00. Inquire at BAD STRIKE THREATENED Street R a i l w a y Men in C h i c a g o A r e F u l l of F i g h t . .Chicago, Aug. 13.A complete tie-up of the street railway lines of Chicago by next Tuesday and the declaration of a boycott against them by the 150,000 union labor men of the city and their families is inevitable unless peace terms with the companies are reached by that time. The men are deeply stirred at what they consider flagrant violations by the companies of the union agreements. If You W a n t to Sell Anything, remember a little want ad in the Journal will get you a buyer. " T0tH3 IN_A LINE * , ChicagoIllinois contributions to the fund of the McKinley Monument Association foot up $50,128. . Fairbanks, Ark.Five prisoners at Tomb stone sprung the large iron doors of the jail and escaped. Trenton, N. J.The International Harvester company,, with $120,000,000 authorized, capital, was incorporated yesterday. Guthrie, Okla.Bandits secured $400 and a number of watches from the occupants of ten vehicles held up near Chickasaw, I. T.- ChicagoMosquitos hereabouts are to be fought by preparing a fungus 'disease In swamps and sloughs where they breed. New YorkThe doubly married wife of E. F. Shepard, grandson of W. H. Vanderbilt, is suing in Paris for an absolute divorce. Mattoon, 111.John W. Beveridge, a half brother of the senator from Indiana, is be lieved insane from excessive Bible study. Decatur, 111.Sixty pounds of dynamite, two bombs and 115 feet of fuse were found in-the room of Charles Eckerman, an inmate /Or the Adams county infirmary. Terre Haute, Ind.Rev. Charles Hill has confessed that he, while shooting at a mark, fired the bullet that killed Mrs. Smith at Benwood fifteen years ago. Washington"Captain Cook's Three Voy ages to the Pacific Ocean," published in Bos ton in 1797, a rare and.unique work, is miss ing from the congressional library. New YorkThere will be no strike on the Manhattan elevated railroad. - The , trouble between the company and its motormen-en gineers and firemen was amicably settled. Oyster BayPresident Roosevelt is quoted as saying that, while the possibility of an extra session of the senate in November has been considered, no one has authority to say it will be ordered. New YorkThe training ship Hartford has docked at the Brooklyn navy-yard. She ha* 300 young sailors aboard who will shortly be sent to different vessels belonging to the North Atlantic squadron. New YorkCoal dealers said that last month there had been no attempt to Btick to sched ule price in anthracite by retail. One of them added: "If the strike lasts a few weeks longer, coal will be $12 a ton when it can toe had at all." New YorkMrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt has bought the entire house for one performance of the Wild Rose company, at the Knicker bocker theater, and will take the company to Newport for private theatricals at a dinner she Is to give in the near future. WashingtonJ. A. Bower has invented a steel connig tower, electric searchlight, cais son and diving bell combined, weighing eight tons, and wil attempt to locate the steam ship Rio Janeiro, which sank in the Golden Gate, at San Francisco, Feb. 22, 1901. PhiladelphiaThe Cramp Shipbuilding com pany is soon to launch-the largest steamship ever built in this country. She Is for the Standard Oil company and will be 374 feet long, 50 feet beam and 28% feet depth of hold. She will carry 2,500,000 gallons of oil. New YorkPrince Chen, accompanied by Chinese notables, was welcomed by President Fornes, of the board of aldermen, after which the postoffice, subtreasury and Brooklyn bridge were inspected, followed by a visit to Chinatown, where a reception took place. New YorkA mysterious ailment, supposed to be due to noxious gases from a big exca vation for a sewer, has decimated the family of Professor Edward E. Howe, who came here with his wife and three children from their home in Hazleton, Pa., four weeks ago, to spend the summer- vacation with relatives. The three children are dead and Mrs. Howe is ill with, the same sickness which .killed them, dysentery and malaria. MOR E HELLO CO.'S Prosperity of Those in Business Brings New Organizations FOR SERVICE IN SHALL TOWNS Profits H a v e i n Some Cases P a i d f o r I n v e s t m e n t i n V e r y Short v T i m e . Small telephone companies, have made such magnificent profits in the past two years that several new concerns have been organized this summer in Minnesota and the Dakotas. The more newly set tled sections of the northwest are being supplied with telephone facilities by am bitious local capital. Northern Minnesota has several small companies which have shown remarkable returns on the capital invested, the profits in some years reaching 125 per cent. One local exchange in a northern Minnesota city returned the capital in vested in the first two years of its ex istence. Prices for telephone service have been uniformly good and the people of the northwest have patronized the tele phone well. 't Minneapolis men are interested in a company which is to install an extensive local and long distance service along the Soo and Great Northern roads In North Dakota. This service will connect with the Northwestern at Devils Lake and the company will make Minot its headquar-. ters. Indications are that many towns in North Dakota which have desired tele phone service for several years will be taken care of by small companies this fall and next spring. Carey Roofing better than metal or pitch Soo Line Ticket Office, 119 So. Third St. and gravel. W. S. Nott Co. Tel. 376. ONLY T he Complete, Genuine, Unabridged HARPER'S PICTORIAL HISTORY Of the CIVIL WAR O-Day L a k e a n d R a i l Trip, ? 4 0 , Including all expenses visiting Sault Ste. Marie and through the 30,000 islands to Detroit and Toledo. Call at Soo Line Ticket Office, 119 So. Third St., for fur ther particulars. If you once try Carter's Little Liver Pills for sick headache, biliousness or constipation, you will never be without them. They are purely vegetable, small and easy to take. Don't forget this. A DAY. J Containing: over 1,000 of the best illustrations that appeared in Harper's Weekly during: the war nearly 860 immense folio pages 16x11^ inches, the same size as Harper's Weekly, from Original plates, is now being offered throughTHE JOURNALat a Nominal Cost, and on such favorable terms that no one should miss the opportunity to possess this valuable set of books.. The regular selling price of this work is Sixteen ($16.00) Dollars per set. By special arrange- ment made by the publishers, T H E JOURNAL has now for the first time placed this great work within the reach of all. It is a complete general history of the war and of the causes leading to it a narrative of facts. The col- lection of contemporaneous illustrations contained are unsurpassed a veritable library of pictorial and his- toric art. Among the illustrations are over 300 por- traits of distinguished soldiers and statesmen, mostly from photographs taken from the war. Nearly 100 maps, plans and sketches of battles and battlefields nearly 600 authentic sketches of persons of note and events of historysuch as sieges battles, charges, hos- pitals, military prisons, camp life, vessels of war, naval engagements, reviews, etc. These are illustrations that appeared in Harper's Weekly during the war. The work is prepared by prominent writers from all official records. It contains complete foot notes ad- ditional to the narrative many state documents of priceless and historic value, like the original Articles of Federation, Lincoln's Inaugurals, Constitution of the United States, and of the Confederate States, Ordi- nance of Secession, Important Dispatches, Com- missions, etc. Among the noted artists who contributed to this work from the field of action, are Thomas Nast, Edwin Forbes, Sol. Etynge, Granville Perkins, N. Jewett and others. Editorial Staff unequalled: Geo. Geo. H. Thomas,, President Garfield, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston - ftSr/* Henry M. Alden, Dr. Alfred H. Guernsey, Richard Grant White. Gen. Governeur K. Warren and others. What Judge Torrance Has to Sayr Minneapolis, June 17, 1902. Luclen Swift, Manager, Minneapolis Journal, City: Dear SirI am jglad to know that The Jour nal, through its educational department, con templates placing within the reach ot its sub* scrlbers "Harper's Pictorial History of the Civil War." This publication, is a work of great merit, and covers the most critical - and important era in the history of our country. It contains a graphic description of the events which transpired during that period, and 1B ?ohave t only pictorially but historically correct, a large library relating exclusively to the Civil War, but among tall my books, nana ao fully land accurately tells the "story of the war" es Harper's Pictorial History. It Is rich in illustration and is worthy of ap preciation by the present generation as well as of those who participated in the great strug gle for the unity of the republic. I , am pleased to know that The Journal proposes a plan by which this twork may be placed in the bands of all patriotic citizens. Very truly wours, ELL TORRANCE. What General Towler Has to Say: Minneapolis, June.7, 1902. I.ucian Swift, Manager, Minneapolis Journal. City: Dear SirI aim glad to know that The Journal, with Its usual enterprise, is going to put Harper's Pictorial History of the Clv41 War within the reach of all its patrons. I purchased from Harper Bros, a copy of the Work soon after its publication by them In 1868. No other books in ray library have been so attractive to my children as these books have been. They have furnished them ma terial or drawing and information required foe compositions in the schools. Each of them has in turn stretched themselves on the floor over, the books and read or looked the pic tures over. Worn though my books are, they are of priceless value in my eyes. Every citi zen ought to possess them, and the low price and easy terms upon which you offer them bring them within the reach of all. Yours very truly, S. H. TOW1.BR. Adjutant General. THE OCEAN COMBINE - D e t a i l s of M a n a g e m e n t for t o e O t h e r , Side. i New York, Aug. 13.With the arrival^ here next week from Europe of J. P. Morgan and President Griscom of the In ternational Navigation company, confer ences are expected to begin to arrange the details of management for the new steamship combination as far as .this side is concerned, the details abroad being virtually completed. The present plan, it is understood, is to operate the separate lines as at present until Mr. Morgan and his associates se cure out-and-out control of the proper ties. In England the head office will be in London, where the British board of control will meet. It is. understood that the Rt. Hon. W. J. Pirrie will be chair man of the British central "board. After Jan. 1 it is .the present intention, accord ing to a reliable source of information, to abolish the separate boards and to manage the entire British business of all the lines through executive traffic officers under the direction of the control board. It is expected that the British arrange ment will be duplicated .to a very large extent on this side, with /Mr. Griscom aa. chairman. One plan that is under con sideration is, that instead of incorporat ing an entirely new company, to utilize the old Pennsylvania charter of .the In ternational Navigation company and in crease the capital to $170,000,000, includ ing $50,000,000 4% per cent debenture bonds, $60,000,000 6 per cent preferred* stock and $60,000,000 common stock. A final decision on this point has not yet been reached. ! ill Fill Out This Coupon and Send to The Journal: - : . . - - , ~H . - *.,- .f. - .", s .yS V**s "^V-' .a-w *-**:.. - , frnr? ,^-f-V:. ' COUPON. To The Minneapolis-Journal: I would like to have you send me prices and condi tions of Harper's War History offer. Name..:/ ...^,. *-- . Address /... #-. 1'. r. -... J. y