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The World for a Week
HE president has at last taken a hand in the coal
strike. It is more than five months now since
the strike -was declared, and apparently there -was
no possibility of a settlement if the matter -were
left In the hands of the operators and the opera
tives of the mines affected. Hospitals in the east are al
ready beginning to suffer for lack of fuel, and the outlook
with winter so close at hand is a most gloomy one. The
president sent invitations to John Mitchell, president of the
United Mine Workers' association, and to the presidents of
the various coal-carrying roads, to meet in his presence
yesterday, Friday morning. This action is the most re
markable ever taken by a president of the United States,
for, according to the lawyers in the cabinet, there is no way
under the constitution of the United States and the form
of government, to bring about federal intervention to end
the strike. In high quarters it Is felt that the president
would not have offered to act as mediator were he not
reasonably sure of being able to settle the matter and bring
about the opening of the mines.
It was found during the week that the abcess on the
president's leg did not heal as rapidly as had been expected.
A second operation became necessary, and l*iis revealed the
fact that the bone itself had been injured. From now on,
it is expected that his recovery will be rapid and sure.
The note to the powers by Secretary Hay protesting
against the persecution of Jews in Roumania has brought
apparent results in the stopping of the issue of passports
to Jews for this country. This is one of the results sought
by Secretary Hay, and is, beside, a tacit recognition of the
note by the Roumanian government. The note is still dis
cussed by the various governments, and it seems quite cer
tain now that France will take a stand with the United
States in support of some movement among the powers
to put pressure upon Roumania for better treatment of her
Jewish population. Germany stands aloof at present, but
it is believed she will also eventually be found with France
and the United States.
Conditions on the isthmus are still stormy enough to
prohibit the withdrawal of any of the marines or warships
already there. In fact, another warship has been ordered
to the scene. Repairs are being hurried on the Olympia,
Admiral Coghlan's flagship, to permit an earlier sailing for
the Caribbean than was originally intended. This with the
recent dispatch of the Prairie, already mentioned, with the
ships that have been on the scene for some weeks, make a
force that should be sufficient to overawe or suppress any
serious outbreak on the forbidden territory.
New Orleans has been in the throes of a street car
strike for the past week. Hardly a wheel is turning ex
cept on cars that carry United States mail, and even these
are guarded at every point against possible attack by the
strikers. The power connecting with one of the barns
was cut off somewhere, and the electric linemen who also
went out on a sympathetic strike, refused to try to locate
the break. All sorts of conveyances are to be seen on the
streets, but even with these there is much inconvenience to
Emile Zola, the French novelist, "more lately widely
known for his. connection with the reopening of the Dreyfus
case, was found dead from suffocation on Sept. 29. A small
stove in his sleeping-room had sent out the fatal carbonic
acid fumes. Mme. Zola was unconscious when found, but
it is believed she will recover. Zola was born at Paris on
April 2, 1840.
The Nazina district, in the heart of the Copper Val
ley, Alaska, is believed to be the richest gold-bearing
ground found since Nome was discovered four years ago.
The area actually known to be rich in gold comprises 300
square miles, and there are thousands of square miles of
surrounding country yet to be explored. Plenty of timber
and water make the field a good one.
David E. Thompson, the new minister for the United
States to Brazil, began life as a freight "handler on a rail
road. He later worked as a brakeman and conductor, and
was finally made division superintendent of the Burlington
Prizes For a Picture Story
Plots to Be Woven by Journal Junior Story
Tellers Jib out "The Two Cronies/' One of
the Pictures Alow on Exhibition at the Pub*
"Rataplan, A. Rogue Elephant," by Ellen Velvin, F. Z. S.
- "When Israel Putnam Served the King," by James Otis,
"Fernley House," by Laura E. Richards.
In the loan exhibition at the library, under the auspices
"of the Society of Fine Arts, there is a picture,No. 104,
called "The Two Cronies," painted by Clara T. MacChesney.
The three books announced above will be given to the
three writers of the best stories using this picture as an
illustration. It is hoped that a copy of the picture may be
obtained for publication with the prize-winning stories.
Not Later Than Monday Evening, Oct. 27,
at five o'clock. The prize-winning stories will be printed
THE JOURNAL JUNIOR, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, OCTOBKK 4 190*. $
CONDITIONS OF THE CONTEST.
The stories must be not less than 400 words in length,
nor more than 800 words.
They must be marked with the number of words.
They must have, underlined, some sentence which .fits
The stories must be strictly original, and must be pre
pared in accordance with the rules governing the regular
Junior work. *
Each writer must give his first, second and third choice
The stories must be marked "Picture Story Contest,**
and should be addressed to the Editor of the Journal Junior.
The exhibition will close Oct. 12. Admission is free on
' Saturdays for children. At other times there is a charge
of ten cents.
These stories must be in the hands of the editor of The
railroad at the age of 26.
East Turkestan was the scene of disastrous earthquakes
from Aug. 22 to Sept. 3. At least 1,000 people were killed j
in the villages located in the affected territory.
The United States geological survey has been at work
in "Wyoming, making a topographical map of the country
in the vicinity of "The Devil's Tower." This is one of the
natural 'wonders of eastern Wyoming, and is a volcanic
shaft of great age, towering 625 feet almost perpendicularly
above the surrounding country. In spite of its great height
it is in reality but a remnant of a widespread lava flow.
The survey is also at work on the rock formations in the
Black Hills country. These are some of the oldest-known
rocks in the world, and have puzzled scientists much be
cause of their peculiar formation. They are very valuable
rocks, however, as they contain some of the richest de
posits of iron, copper and other ore found in the country.
The rich ore-bearing rocks of the Lake Superior region are
of similar origin.
The Commercial Cable company, in whose hands rests
the laying of the new cable to Manila, by way of the
Hawaiian islands and Guam, promises communication with
Manila by July 4, 1903. Three ships are to lay the cable.
Two will start from Manila and one from San Francisco.
When they meet in mid-ocean the ends will be spliced. The
cable is being made in London at the rate of fifty miles a
day, or three hundred miles a week. One ship has already
started for the Philippines by way of the Suez eaaal. The
ship that will lay the cable from San Francisco will go
from London through the Straits of Magellan and then up
the Pacific coast.
Two airships, the work of rival inventors, had a race
over Long Island last Tuesday, their work surpassing any
thing in that line on this continent. One, the invention of
Edward O. Boice, ascended to the height of 1,000 feet and
sailed a course of two miles. For the other, built by Leo
Stevens, it is claimed that it rose 4,000 feet in the air.
The latter inventor was not quite so fortunate in his de
scent as his rival, his ship becoming tangled in telegraph
wires and disabled. He reached the ground safely, how
ever, and the ship was rescued with but little injury.
Ik is estimated that Andrew Carnegie gives away eight
libraries a day, with an average of $15,000 for each. Ac^
cording to a letter to a friend, Mr. Carnegie recently gave
away $45,000,000 in one year.
Stromboli, the volcano on one of the Lipari islands,**
north of Sicily, has been unusually active in this volcanic
year. Streams of lava flow constantly down the sides and
huge boulders are ejected and sent fully two miles before
falling into the sea. One hundred and fifty bodies were re
covered at Modica, and hundreds were drowned in the open
country. Numerous Duties of the Ship's Bell.. Tradition of the "Dog
- "Eight bells" does not mean that a ship has this number
of bells, but it is a nautical term for the hour. The nautical
day begins and ends at noon, when "eight bells" is struck,
as it is also at 4 o'clock, 8 o'clock and at midnight. The
bell is struck half-hourly, one stroke being added for each
half hour, until eight is reached, when the count begins again.
If one is asked the time on board of a navy ship, the re
sponse would be so many bells, and not the hour. The bell
is of ordinary size only, but it has a sharp tone, and is hung
just behind the foremast. The captain's orderly usually
watches the clock and reports to the officer of the deck what
hour it is in number of bells, who then orders the bell struck.
But at 8 o'clock in the morning this rule is varied, the or
derly reporting to the officer of the deck. "Eight bells, sir!"
when the officer replies, "Report to the captain eight bells
and chronometers wound." The captain then responds:
"Very well make it so," which the orderly reports to the
officer of the deck, who commands the messenger boy of the
watch, "Strike eight bells." But if the captain should chance
to remain silent and not say "Make it so," no one would
hear the bell strike eight, and the nautical day would be
thrown out of joint. At noon the "eight bells" Is not struck
until the navigator has corrected the clock, either by his
noonday sight for position of the ship when at sea or from
his chronometer. If with a fleet or at a naval station, the bell
must not be struck until that of the senior officer sounds, and
the messenger stands by the bell, with clapper in hand, and
as soon as the flag officer's bell begins to strike the bells on
the other vessels are struck. When there is a large fleet lying
close together the effect is interesting and agreeable, and one
might imagine that chimes were being rung.
Every navy in the world except England follows the same
custom, and England only varies at the "dog watch," from 4
to 8 o'clock in the evening. In these hours the bell strikes
every half hour till 6 o'clock, and then at 6:30 one bell is
struck, and so on to three bells, at 7:30 o'clock but 'eight
bells are sounded at 8 o'clock. Tradition gives this reason for
the custom: Before the British naval mutinies of 1797 the
bells of the ships were struck as in other navies but in one of
those mutinies the signal agreed upon by the mutineers was
the stroke of five bells (6:30 p. m.), and at that hour the muti
neers rose to slay their officers. Then, when order was re
stored throughout the navy, the dog watch system of bells
was adopted, to allay superstition.
But the ship's bell has other duties ttian that of keep
ing the time. It tolls on Sunday mornings for the services
of the chaplain or his substitute also to call "all hands to
bury the dead," and it is a fire signal when rung vigorously,
and then the ship's crew take the positions to which they
have been assigned on the first day each has been detailed
to the ship. The ben is not used as a fire signal in an en
gagement, however, for the reason that the crew might be
come panic stricken and distracted from the fight in such
cases the fire is reported to the captain, and he dispatches
an officer with men to extinguish it The bell is also used*in
a fog, and when the ship is at anchor it is struck in threes,
with a short interval between each set of strokes. In the use
of the bell for these several purposes no confusion is caused.
The half hour signals are struck In pairs, with a couple of
seconds between each, and if an odd number is to be sounded
the single stroke' comes last. The tolling for church is by
slow strokes, while those for a fog are in sets of three, and
for a fire they follow each other with great rapidity.New
The Nile mud, which renders Egypt a habitable country,
is said to bear a striking resemblance to that which evpjy
reason is brought down by the Missouri.
Mr. Thompson is about 50 years
THE NAUTICAL DAY
Fertile Nile Mud.
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Suggestions for Designers.
The designs may contain drawings, photographs,
poems, anything, in fact, that will attract attention
to the firm that is advertising.
There is no expense attached to the work.
The designs should be at least six inches and a
All drawings must be in black and white only.
India ink should be used. Avoid all colored inks, even
blue black or greenish black ink.
Do not make the designs too crowded.
White spaces show off advertising matter.
Name, address, grade and school should be written
o.i the back of the design itself, and not on a separate
piece of paper.
One dollar each is offered for the best advertisements
for the WORKS BISCUIT COMPANY.
There are to be two designs.
One is for "TA-KO-MA BISCUIT," which must con
tain beside the words "The only biscuit of the kind made in
the northwest," and the name of the firm, "Works Biscuit
The Only Biscuit of the Kind Made In the Northwest.
WORKS BISCUIT CO., MINNEAPOLIS
Company," and "Minneapolis." The word "company" must
be spelled in full, and "Ta-ko-ma" must be hyphenated like
The second design is for "PAN-TAN," a new ginger
snap. The lettering must be arranged on the lines of the
accompanying cut,that is, the "P" and "T" must be at
WORKS BISCUIT CO., MINNEAPOLIS.
least twice as long as the "an's," and the words "itsa snap,"
must be placed as in the copy. The type may be varied, but
the relative sizes of the letters and the arrangement of
the words must be the same as in the cut. The name of
the firm, "Works Biscuit Company," and the name "Minne
apolis," must also be on the "Pan-Tan" designs, and "Com
pany" must be spelled in fulL
"Ta-ko-ma Biscuit," when rightly pronounced, sounds
like "Take home a biscuit," and "Itsa snap," like "It's a
snap." This play upon the names may have a place in the
These designs must be in the hands of the editor of
the Journal Junior
Not Later Than Monday Evening, October 20,
at five o'clock. They must be strictly original, and each
must be signed with the grade, school, name and address
of the designer.
Spiced will ginger JS^ Delicious
Prizes of one dollar each are offered for the best adver
tisements for the METROPOLITAN MUSIC CO.
Each advertisement must contain the name "Metropoli
tan Music Co.," the words "Everything musical," and the
address, "41-43 Sixth St., S."
These advertisements must be in the hands of the editor
of the Journal Junior
Not Later Than Monday Evening, Oct. 13,
At 5 o'clock. They must be strictly original, and each must
be signed with the grade, school, name and address of the
designer. PRIZE WINNERS IN THE BROWNING, KING & CO.
Ray Buffington, A 9th Grade, North Side High School,
826 Elwood avenue N.
Arthur Anderson, B 10th Grade, South Side High School,
3121 Cedar avenue.
Thomas H. Foley, B 8th Grade, Holy Rosary School, 1534
E Twenty-second Street.
Colin W. Landin, A 10th Grade, South Side High School,
1202 Eighth Street S.
In a recent speech Booker T. Washington related the
story of a negro who purchased a third-class ticket, and was
assigned to a seat with the first-class passengers in a stage
coach. He was unable to understand the distinction, hut
when the stage tumbled into a ditch the driver called out:
"First-class passengers remain in your seats, second
class passengers get out and walk, third-class passenger*
get out and push."
A Clear Distinction.
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