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H6e JOURNAL JUNIOR. JUST BETWEEN YOU AND ME
M&e Harris Anson Editor
The Journal Junior Is published by The Minneapolis Journal for
thepublic school children of the Northwest, in and above the fifth
grade, and Is devoted principally to their own writings. There Is no
expense attached and all are welcomed as competitors. The editor
Wishes to encourage correspondence and suggestions from teachers.
All correspondence should be addressed to the Editor Journal Junior.
What W e Owe Volcanoes.
T hardly seems as if the world could look abroad and say
that volcanoes have added to its beauty or its fertility or
its resources In many directions. It is so, however. In the
great eruption of 1812, the ashes of La Soufriere were car
ried 120 miles away to Barbadoes, Just as they were last
summer, and covered the Island two inches deep. It played
havoc in various ways for a time, but in the end, the Bar
badians discovered that it had also completely annihilated
the pest of red ants which made some parts of the island al
most uninhabitable. And when the next year's crop of sugar
cane ripened, they discovered that it had so fertilized the
land that the crop was double what it had been for years.
And the fertilization lasted for almost twenty years.
Volcanoes gave the world the diamond drift at Kimberley,
the great bed of blue clay being the core of an ancient,
worn-out volcano. Then there are-innumerable useful stones
which are given to us through volcanic actiongypsum or
plaster of paris, and basalt, beside the Beautifully veined
stones like chalcedony, porphyry and jaspar, feldspar, and
perhaps the best known of all, pumice, which is used in the
home as well as in the arts and crafts. Bock-crystal, which
is so valuable for "lenses, is also a product of volcanoes. All
the hot springs with their medicinal qualities, the geysers
that make the Yellowstone Park the wonder of the world,
are due to volcanic action. In fact, according to scientists,
these hot springs and geysers occupy the sites of volcanoes
that disappeared in the early convulsions of the world, be
fore the earth had become habitable for man.
If we only knew how to study the earth's crust, its his
tory would be as interesting as a fairy tale, and just this
much better, in that what we read would be true.
WHEN necked tribe, it did seem as if the world were going to the
dogs. First, it's the buffalo that goes, now the giraffe, and
what next? By and by this will be a most uninteresting
world with nothing but people in it. Worse still, there will
be no wild animals for the menageries or the zoos.
Scientists are also up in arms over tne disappearance
of the giraffe. For scientists are not agreed on the beginning
and the reason of the giraffe's neck. Some believe that the
original giraffes did not have such long necks that they
were developed by the scarcity of grass in their feeding
places and the survival of the members who had the longest
necks, thus permitting them to feed upon the foliage of
trees that were above the reach of their more neckless
companions. There is a hot discussion on between those who
believe in this process of evolution through appetite and
those who do not, and there was fear that with a dearth in
giraffes to study, these learned men would never be able
to keep themselves busy and perhaps 5ncidentally settle
this momentous "why."
The famous Lion of Lucerne, that masterpiece cut in
relief from the solid rock to commemorate the massacre of
the Swiss guards in the French revolution, is threatened with
destruction along with other famous landmarka The water
has trickled through the sandstone during the 110 years
since it was first sculptured and its outlines have slowly faded
away. It is thought now that the only way to preserve it is
to cut away the surrounding rock and so isolate the Lion. It
may save the association, but it will hardly be the same lion
to the world which has known it as a beautiful bas relief.
Nobody has complained especially of the lack of sun
shine, but the records show that since last May there have
been but four successive days which have been sunshiny.
And this has happened but once at that. May gave us but
forty-eight hours of clear skies June has the same record
July has the credit of four clear days, but only two at a
time August had but one clear day. It remained for Sep
tember to break the record with four. Fortunately for the
peace of mind of the people in general, the weather bureau
has a much more rigid standard than everyday mortals
bother with, so that they can appreciate the sun if it plays
a game of hide-and-seek Instead of shining all the time in
what the weather man calls a "clear day."
New York may be a wicked city, a badly governed city,
a lonesome city for a stranger, but nevertheless it is the only
city in the country which gives practical encouragement to
blind people who are self-supporting. Each year every sight
less man and woman who earns a living is given $50 from
the coffers of the city. The custom has been established for
over fifty years. The circumstances of the sightless are
carefully Investigated before the gift Is made, so that only
those who are workers may benefit.
Little by little, we are getting shaken down into what is
proper in our geographical names. The latest decree of the
geographical board, from which there is no appeal, is that
the name of the famous French port is Marseille. Maps have
It that way, the best authorities have it that way, but even
the navy department has slipped into the common error of
giving the name a final "s." Recently a naval report was
taught up on it, and from now on this arm of the government
will spell the word correctf
Gfte Giraffe Famine.
a visiting circus announced its specimen of the
giraffe as the only one left of this peculiar, long-
THE JOURNAL JUNIOR, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1902.
AMONGfrom does not bear the name of the designer. It is the picture of
a little boy and girl standing on either side of a broken chair.
If the designer will notify me within ten days what he
made the children say, and will also send name, address,
grade and school, the prize will be awarded. Otherwise
the advertisement will be used, but no prize given.
the advertisements selected by F. H. Peterson &
Co., the number submitted to them, is one which
How many of you stop to think of all that "the doctor"
stands for? Not so much what his ministrations mean in
the way of bringing you out of illness or alleviating pain,
but what the profession as a whole means to the member
who takes his work seriously and who wishes to make the
most and the best of if. In the first place, medical men
are expected to give any discoveries that they may make
to the world without the protection of a patent There is
to-day a wonderful appliance for making the deaf to hear,
but physicians say it is a pity it was not invented by a
member of the medical profession, fqr then it would not have
been patented and a most prohibitive price set upon it,
fully ten times what it actually costs. There is no doc
tor, from the lowest to the highest, who has not given of his
skill to more who could not pay than to those who could.
Another rule of the profession is that no doctor may re
fuse to answer a call for his services. Some dosometimes
but they are rare exceptions.
Dr. Adolf Lorenz, an Austrian surgeon, who has dis
covered a way to perform many operations without using
the knife, recently came all the way from "Vienna to Chi
cago to perform an operation on the hip of little Lolita
Armour, the celebrated "incubator baby," who has never
walked a step in her life. For this operation Dr. Lorenz
receives $150,000. The Armours are amply able to pay it,
and certainly the time and the trip are worth much to such
a celebrated man. But now listen to what he is giving to
others for all this. Gathered at one of the hospitals in Chi
cago are a dozen other children suffering from similar hip
trouble, upon whom he is going to perform operations free
of charge. More than likely many of these cases could not
afford to pay even $10. Yet Dr. Lorenz gives them freely and
unreservedly the benefit of his great skill. Those of you
who expect to become doctors should remember that this,
more than any other profession, is one where its followers
must give, give, give the best there is within them, without
first thinking of the return in gold.
I beg the pardon of all those who have actually suffered
because of the coal famine, for any unexpressed or unfelt
sympathy. I knew that the poorand the half poorwere
already feeling the pinch I knew the hospitals in the east
were suffering I knew that coal riots were feared if win
ter came without a break in the strike I knew that already
there were preparations to close some schools in the east
because the rooms could not be kept warm but in spite of
all this I never realized Just what it might all come to until
the local gas company announced that they had coal for just
sixty days more after that they could not furnish any gas,
either for lighting or cooking.
It is bad enough to have a stove with no coal to put in it,
but in some respects it is fully as serious to have a flat where
there is no chimney to connect with a stove. Why, if one
has a stove he could burn bricks. Really, bricks. Makers
of the so-called fireproof bricks, the porous kind, have long
known that if they are soaked in kerosene for a few min
utes they can be put into a stove and will burn and give out
an intense heat for an hour or more. Since the suggestion
was made, a number of people have tried it and found it a
perfectly practicable plan. One well-known official in Wash
ington has even gone so far as to order a load of the fire
proof bricks. The American people in general seemed hope
lessly helpless all through the coal famine. That is one
penalty of belonging to a nation that does things with such
bigness and so fast. Irish peat and German briquettes may
be all right for use in the kitchen range or in the primitive
kinds of heating apparatus they have across the water, but
they would cut no figure whatever in masing steam or gas,
or developing the power used in so many or our manufac
tures. It really seems funny that in a country whose boast
it is that the people and the majority rule, that 75,000,000
of them should be put into such straits for one of the
prime necessities of life by 100 owners of mines and 150,000
workers in the same mines. I say this without intending any
comment upon the respective rights of the two sides. It
merely is a peculiar state of affairs in which every inhabi
tant of the country is vitally interested, no matter how
young or how old he is.
Down with the automobiles. Not that I have been run
down by any of the machines, nor even any friend of mine or
relative, but because they are so meaningless to one who
loves horses, who has had horses, and, moreover, lived in
close communion with them as /riends and petsF not merely
as motive power for a smart carriage with coachman and
footman. All of which, to come right down to the point,
means that a few days ago, I had the reins in my hands
for two delightful hours and took in the glory of the autumn
hills. It was not much of a horse for "go," perhaps. In fact,
its speed ability was best expressed by a man who knows
the horse and to whom I remarked that I had not gone a
certain route because I wanted to get away from people.
He replied: "You could not do it with that horse, though.
You could not get away from anything." Yet the owner
said that he was surprised to hear any complaints as to the
animal's get-about ability that she could come in from
Lake Harriet in twenty-five"minutes. If any driver ever
thought that she had succeeded in getting up that amount
of speed, it must have been because his watch stopped on
the way. But even with all this lack of ambition, it was
infinitely more satisfactory to drive a live creature that
would respond to my commands than to be hanging to a~
bunch of levers, never knowing whether a machine-run car
riage was going to do as I expected or something quite the
opposite. And this, too, in spite of the fact that we always
stopped at a crossing if there was a car a block away and
the horse happened to be walkingfor we knew we never
could get her to moving soon enough to avoid a collision.
Unless the Junior designers are very careful, they are
going to get into trouble over the designs for the Works
Biscuit Company. The announcement says very definitely
that in the "Pan-Tan" designs the "an's" must be on a
line 'with the tops of the "P" and "T." Yet several designs
have already come in lettered" without any regard for this
rule. The Works Biscuit Company has adopted these pro
portions in their lettering, and if you expect your designs to
be accepted, you must pay heed to the expressed wishes of
Another thingDo not use slang in your reading mat
ter. Do not abbreviate business as "biz." Do not copy dis
reputable "Weary Willies," such as are to be found by the
dozen in the comic papers. They are not original, and they
j ^Btfc Designers
| Suggestions for Designers.
^ The designs may contain drawings, photographs,
: poems, anything, in fact, that will attract attention
to the firm that is advertising.
There is no expense attached to the work.
The designs should be at least six inches and a
All drawings must be in black and white only.
India ink should be used. Avoid all colored inks, even
blue black or greenish black ink.
Do not make the designs too crowded.
White spaces show off advertising matter.
Name, address, grade and school should be written
on the back of the design itself, and not on a separate
piece of paper.
Not Later Than Monday Evening, Nov. 3,
at five o'clock. They must be strictly original, and each
much be signed with the grade, school, name and address
of the designer.
Not Later Than October 27,
at five o'clock. They must be strictly original, and each must
be signed with the grade, school, name and address of the
PRIZE WINNERS IN THE A. H. OPSArIL CONTEST.
Colin Landin, A 10th Grade, South Side High School, 1202
Eighth Street S.
Walter Wood, B 8th Grade, Lyndale School, 3414 Pleas
Louis Raymer, B 9th Grade, Central High School, 415
E Twenty-seventh Street.
Frederic Ware, B 9th Grade, East Side High School,
1110 Sixth Street SE.
Hermione Shearer, B 8th Grade, Douglas School, 1912
Queen Avenue S.
Thomas H Foley, B 8th Grade, Holy Rosary School,
1534 E Twenty-second Street.
PRIZE WINNERS IN THE F. H. PETERSON & CO.
Zula J. Bottenfield, A 7th Grade, Madison School, 1522
Frederica Mathews, A 8th Grade, 1778 Fremont Avenue S.
Esther Chapman, A 11th Grade, East Side High School,
1918 Fourth Street SE.
An Unknown Designer (See "Just Between You and Me.")
are not refined. Advertisers, of course, have the choice of
designs, but even at that, a line is drawn as to what is
acceptable for publication in the Journal Junior.
One dollar each is offered for the best advertisements of
VOEGELTS DRUG STORE.
Each advertisement must contain the name "Voegeli's,**
the address, "Corner of Washington and Hennepin Avenues,*-
the phrase "Pure Drugs at Popular Prices," and also some
thing calling attention to the fact that "while waiting for
cars" it is convenient to buy drugs, etc.
Voegeli's is on the corner where all who take east
bound cars have to wait, and the proprietors have done sev
eral little things to make this waiting more comfortable.
Hence, this point should be made clear. Designers are left
to choose their own way of doing this.
These designs must be in the hands of the editor of the
One dollar each is offered for the best designs for the
KIMBALL PIANO CO.
The advertisements must make clear the fact that the
Kimball Company sells direct from factory to customer
that there are no commissions to be paid to agents, and
that this saving amounts to $150 on each instrument for
the buyer. The advertisements must also contain the name
of the firm "Kimball," and the address, "727 Nicollet Av."
If further particulars are desired, designers should write
to or call upon C A. Elmendorff, representing the Kimball
Designers are given free rein in this contest to word
the reading matter as they choose. Also, it is not neces
sary to draw a picture. Set your wits to work to make
some attractive reading matter on the subject of Kimball
pianos. Get snappy sentences and then try to arrange them
in an attractive way. Pictures are welcome, of course,
but in this contest the writers of good reading matter also
have a chance.
These designs must be in the hands of the editor of
The Journal Junior
I am horrified. Actually horrified. Here I have been
talking in a wholly joking way about the small discipline of
my very youthful days, and several people have taken it
seriously" and tried to commiserate me upon the misery of
those same days. As if I would tell family tales out of
school, if there was anything serious! Whatever I thought at
the time about such light punishment as I did receive, 1
think now that every bit of it was deserved, advisable, and
bore good results. This is merely another proof that things
written with one thought in the mind of the writer, may be
taken in an entirely different spirit by readers.
DEGREES OF ELECTRIC LIGHT.
E. E. Rines, an Indianapolis electrician, has invented an
Incandescent bulb by which the degree of electric illumina
tion may be varied. He has taken an ordinary slxteen
candle-power globe, and has arranged it so that it may be
turned to use one-half, one-fourth, or one-eighth of its
power. Mr. Rines has been working for years on his in
vention, which is specially designed for hotels, dwellings
It is a curious fact, which has hitherto puzzled the most
clever philosophers, that common brass which is subjected
for some time to constant tension occasionally undergoes*
a remarkable change. It loses its tenacity and in a short
time becomes almost as brittle as glass.
CURIOUS BRITTLE BRASS.
II4HIIHIIIIH HIII4IH .