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15he JOURNAL JUNIOR.
Ma. Harris Anson Editor The Journal Junior is published by The Minneapolis Journal for thepublic school children of the Northwest, in and above the fifth grade, and is devoted principally to their own writings. There is no expense attached and all are welcomed as competitors. The editor wishes to encourage correspondence and suggestions from teachers. All coriespondeuce should be addressed to thetfdicorJournal Junior. TTHERE seems to be little that Is new among' the wonder ful Inventions of the present time. That Is, they are not new in that the seed of their possibility lodged in early times In the mind of another student. None of these earlier thinkers could carry out their ideas, for mechanics were rude in their work, there was little or no machinery, none of the mo.dern processes of treating iron was known, nor could the colossal work have been done by hand. Away back in the first years of the thirteenth century Friar Roger Bacon said that the time would come when car riages would go without horses and ships would cross the ocean without sails. Friar Roger had no idea how to ac complish such wonders, but he lived so far ahead of his age that he knew both were possible. His ideas were laughed to scorn as the harebrained ideas of a man whom too much study had made mad. Perhaps the poor, Ignorant people are not to be so much blamed, since it has taken some six hun dred years to work the idea out. In the sixteenth century there was another monk who also had strange ideas. His name was Rabelais, and he wrote two novels, "Pantagruel" and "Gargantua," in which he tells of the wonders that Pantagruel found in the Isle of Odes. Among these is a traveling road, which can tell one where It is going and upon which one may travel without exertion of his own to whatever town he desires upon Its route. To day, the traveling road or sidewalk is being experimented with in a suburb of Paris, and In time is expected to be so perfect that it will take the place of omnibuses. It is Rabelais, also, who tells of the "frozen words" that startled Pantagruel at one stage of his journey. The phono graph of to-day, certainly fulfills that prophecy. There may be "millions in it" for the inventors of to-day, as Colonel Sellers used to claim for every little catchpenny invention he made, but the fact nevertheless remains that many of the so-called new inventions were foreseen by scien tists of the middle ages. @fte LacK o/" Newness. One ot the magnificent sights that our generals saw at the military maneuvers in Germany was a charge of 9,000 cavalrymen at full speed for four miles. Moreover, such per fect horsemen were the men that at the end of the terrific ride not a helmet was lost, not a buckle undone,^ not a horse knocked out. Proud as the American representatives have a right to be of the army of their native land, they never theless agreed unanimously that there is nothing in the American army like that charge drill. It certainly must have been a glorious sight. n thing that the census tells us is that the Indians are ztoa only not disappearing, but that they actually have in creased 30,000 since 1890. Those who juggle with figures say, also, that there are quite as many Indians in the country to day as there were when it was discovered. Taking this into consideration with the wars they have gone through, not only with the white men, but between themselves, we shall have to readjust our previous opinions and acknowledge that after all they are a pretty tough, enduring nation. A queer way the world has ot looking at some things through the large end of the opera glass, and at other just as big happenings through the small end. Mount Pelee set the world aghast when it wiped thirty thousand people out of existence. "Set since the middle of July more than 30,000 lives have been destroyed by cholera in Egypt alone, and the fact receives only a few lines in. the papers and hardly a thought from the public. The next time you ask for "Sherlock Holmes," or "The White Company," or any of the rest by the same author. It must be as the works of Sir Arthur Doyle. This seems to be a case when a "handle" to a man's name makes a stranger out of an old and beloved friend. Certainly it would be wholly lacking in propriety to call him "Sir A. Conan Doyle." However, so long as he writes his own stirring stories, it does not make much difference how he parts his name. There are several things in which Minneapolis is first in the world. She leads in flour output, in wheat receipts, in lumber, and is such a close second in agricultural imple ments to Kansas City that she may well claim that as a "first" also. Her products in the flour line girdle the world, so that Minneapolis travelers find the. name bobbing up be fore them in the most unexpected places. The iftia-rubber shoe Is a modern invention. Up to 1823 no such thing was known in this country. A census bullevin. Just published, tells how a Boston sea captain in that year brought from a tropical voyage a pair of glided shoes made of "gum-elastic." These aroused much curiosity by their imperviousness to water, and later others were brought and sold. But they were heavy and impracticable. It was not until 1823 that rubber was made commercially useful. Then Goodyear and others discovered the effect of sulphur and heat in rendering it hard and unaffected by temperature. The discovery opened a great field for the manufacture of clothing' and shoes, where fortunes were made for several inventors. THE JOURNAL JUNIOR, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1902. EARLY RUBBER SHOES. JUST BETWEEN YOU AND ME PERHAPS manship was good, the "i's" dotted, the "t's" crossed, the grammar correct and not a mistake in spelling. Perhaps all this was true. Now step into my shoes and see from my point of view. As an editor my first dutywith the biggest capital pos sible, if you pleaseis to make my paper bright and read able. Hence, in reading the Junior papers the first thought is brightness and originality in thought and expression in other words, the spice and variety that makes life worth living. From my standpoint, you would frequently find these "correct" papers as dry and uninteresting as possible just as mechanical as to thought as they are in grammatical construction. This is not the kind of paper that I can afford to choose. On the other hand, neither is it the kind of a paper that the writer can afford to have printed. Remem ber, it makes no difference to me how good a scholar you may be, how high you stand in deportment, or in arithmetic or in geography or in all the rest of your studies. If you cannot write a bright, snappy paper on a Junior topic, you cannot gain recognition in the Journal Junior. Sometimes there are so many good * papers that they could not all be printed in the space to which they have to be limited. Then I try to give recognition to schools and grades which have had the fewest papers printed. I am always sorry to have to disappoint any Junior writer, but with this explanation, I am sure you can all see that my plain duty as an editor frequently makes the dis appointment unavoidable. . "Made in Germany" is a little phrase that always makes people smile. It generally conjures up dolls, cheap little toys, and ingenious mechanical ones,altogether a queer little lot, that the average American would never think of making. But to me "made in Germany" is no laughing matter. I am really almost envious of the wonderfully ingenious and very useful things that a friend just returned from some years abroad has unfolded to my startled eyes. There is no use talking, the German manufacturers know how to add ma terially to the comfort of life, how to make "the stitch in time" an easy matter, or the carrying of books or a num ber of packages a tidy one. And all these little luxuries are to be had In Germany for what we call a song. There is nothing like them in this part of the country and if there is something similar in eastern markets the price Is pro hibitive except for the very well-to-do. From this time on the expression "made in Germany" will have my most re spectful consideration. you wonder sometimes why your paper was not printed. You feel sure that it was "correct," that the pen- Is there any excuse for an A seventh grade pupil spell ing hideous "higlous"? Can you imagine a reason for an A eighth grade pupil spelling it "chrank" instead of crank? Or another in the same grade so unheeding as to misspell color, making it c-o-l-l-e-r? Surely the difference In pro nunciation should have given the latter the clue. It should be a matter of shame to any pupil in or above the eighth grade to misspell words like these. The lower grades may be pardoned for slips now and then, but the eighth grades are altogether too far advanced to allow themselves to make these primary grade slips in spelling. It is almost imper missible for an A seventh scholar to spell "scare" with a k. It is carelessness, that is what it isand I have no patience with careless Juniors. Yesterday, when somebody asked you to do something for him, you refused. Have you ever stopped to think of what would happen if a number of people refused to do things for you? For instance, suppose you could not get anybody to build you a house, or make you a suit ox clothes, or fash ion you a pair of shoes suppose the farmer refused to raise vegetables and the newspaper men to make a daily paper, andbut why go further? Where in the world would you be, if all these things came to pass? So long as" we all live in this world and have to mingle with our fellow men, we must be more or less agreeable in our relations with them. We need their help quite as much as they need ours. We ought not to refuse our helping hand, for somebody is doing something for us every hour of our lives. In another column will be found an offer by the Good fellow Dry Goods Co. for the best six papers on "Silk, Its History, Culture and Use." This is the first offer of the kind to be made through the Journal Junior, and I am per sonally very anxious that the Junior writers should do well. The same standards will apply to the judgment of these papers that govern the regular Junior contests. Hence, you must take great care to have your stories original. You will have to go to books for your information,and your informa tion, moreover, must be correct, but be careful not to let any of the book expressions creep into the stories. They will show every time, and make the story stilted and dull. There must be spice in these papers, just the same as there Is spice required in the regular Junior work, and that spice will come only when you use your own thoughts, garbed in your very own words. Be original and careful of every detail, and pay strict heed to the few rules laid down for the contest. What do you do to assist your mental p'rocesses when they "stick"? When I first began to write, before I came Into the Junior work, and had to fill Just so much space every week, I used to find that when my thoughts on a certain story struck a snag, there was nothing like working away on a piece of simple fancy work or sewing, something that was more or less mechanical and did not require any thought on its own account. It seldom failed to straighten out the snarl for me, unless, of course, I really was mentally ex hausted. Somebody else I know always lies down with no pillow under his head, believing that he gets a better circula tion when in that position, and so more ability to think. These, however, are grownup* ways. The most Juniory sug gestion for mental snags is that of a boy who always gets his Caesar at the "gym." When asked why he did so, he replied: "Caesar is the hardest study that I have. When I get to the gym, I'll take up one of the old Roman's para graphs on the Helvetii and when I get stuck, as I am sure to do, I just lay it aside and pick up a pair of Indian clubs or do the wooden horse, or the rings, or the trapeze for awhile, until I get limbered up, and then I'll take my Caesar and it's easy again." If exercise at the gym will do this to dulled wits, I wonder what a game of football might do, If properly applied? - THE EDIIKJR. WHOLESALE FALL OF "HUMPTY-D." One result of the explosion of nitro-glycerine at Ardeer, Ayrshire, was the breaking of 300 eggs in a shop at Orvine, a mfie and a quarter away. | iB&k Designers 'HUH ***- - 1 Suggestions for Designers. J The designs may contain drawings, photographs, i **- *** , poems, anything, in fact, that will attract attention to the firm that is advertisings There is no expense attached to the work. | The designs should be at least six inches and a | quarter wide. t All drawings must be in black and white only. India ink should be used. Avoid all colored inks, even blue black or greenish black ink. Do not make the designs too crowded. White spaces show off advertising matter. Name, address, grade and school should be written on the back of the design itself, and not on a separate 1 piece of paper PRIZE WINNERS IN THE KIMBALL PIANO COMPANY CONTEST. Arthur Koehler, A 8th Grade, Douglas School, 151 Oliver Avenue N. Lee Mero, A 10th Grade, Central High School, 3336 First Avenue S. Sadie A. Norris, A 10th Grade, Central High School, 1611 W Lake Street Thomas H. Foley, B 8th Grade, Holy Rosary School, 1534 E Twenty-second Street. Esther Chapman, B 11th Grade, East Side High School, 1918 Fourth Street SE. HONORABLE MENTION. Alfred W. Schroedor, High School, Wheaton, Minn. Louis Raymer, 415 E Twenty-seventh Street. Colin Landin, A 10th Grade, South Side High School, 1202 Eighth Street S. Sidel Swenson, A 6th Grade, Garfield School, 2212 Tenth Avenue S. Addie Keen, A 6th Grade, Garfield School, 1918 Chicago Avenue. Florence Greaves, B 10th Grade, Central High School, 2123 Pillsbury Avenue. Zula J. Bottenfield, A 7th Grade, Madison School, 1522 Elliot Avenue. Fred R. Morgan, High School, Chippewa Falls, Wis. For Junior ~ Jtrtists and One dollar each Is offered for the best advertisements for BARNABY & CO.. HABERDASHERS AND HATTERS. The designs should be particularly appropriate for the advertising of Christmas stock. The advertisements must contain the name of the firm, "Barnaby & Co.," the address. "Nicollet Avenue, at Fourth Street," and the phrases, "Haberdashers and Hatters" and "If it comes from Barnaby's it must be good." Try in these designs to get something new. Because grownup designers of such advertisements generally use cer tain things, do not think that you have to follow their example. The idea of this Junior advertising is to get an entirely different point of view. Look through your own spectacles. These designs must be in the hands of the editor of the Journal Junior Not Later Than Monday Evening, Nov. 25, at five o'clock. They must be strictly original, and each must be signed with the grade, school, name and address ot the designer. One dollar each will be given for the best advertisements for the MINNEAPOLIS & ST. LOUIS RAILROAD COM- PANY. The designs must contain the name of the new train which the road has put on between Minneapolis and Chicago, "North Star Limited." In addition It must contain the name of the road, "Min neapolis & St. Louis," the words "Buffet Library Cars," "Compartment Sleepers," "Dining and Chair Cars," "Leaves Minneapolis 7:45, arrives Chicago 9:30 a. m." This Is another design requiring care in the lettering so as not to crowd it. Give plenty of space, and remember that all designs win be reduced to the width of one column in the. Journal Junior. When you letter them, bear this reduction in mind, so that you will space your work with allowances for its coming two, three or four times closer together in the printed advertisement. These designs must be in the hands of the editor of the Journal Junior Not Later Than Monday Evening, Nov. 18, at five o'clock. They must be strictly original, and each must be signed with the grade, school, name and address of the designer. The Journal Junior Scholarship Four Months' Study at the Minneapolis School of Fine Arts to Be the Special Prize for the Best Work by Three Journal Jun iors in the Advertising Contests. The year's scholarship will be divided Into three parts, thus giving a prize of four months' study at the Minneapolis School of Fine Arts to three Journal Junior designers of advertisements. The first contest began September 13 and will close January 3, 1903. The second contest will begin January 10, 1903, and will close May 2, 1903. The third contest will begin May 9, 1903, and will close September 5, 1903. Each contestant must send In one design for at least ten of the advertising contests announced during the 'specified four months. One design only for each advertisement will be ac cepted. The awards wilt be made strictly upon the artistic merit of the work.. Quality will count, not quantity. This prize may be won but once during the year by the same designer. The scholarship will $X entrance to any class preferred at the Minneapolis School of Fine Arts. WWH tlllllll |,t '