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15he JOURNAL JUNIOR
Mae Harris Anson Editor
TheJournal Junior (a published by The- Minneapolis Journal for
thepublic school children of the Northwest, In and' above the fifth
grade, and is devoted principally to their own writings. There is no
expense attached and all are welcomed as competitors. The editor
wishes to encourage correspondence and suggestions from teachers.
AH correspondence should be addressed to the Editor Journal Junior.
'"THIS is the Thanksgiving number, for which many
Juniors have been making cartoons- and headings and
writing stories the past few weeks. The results are highly
satisfactory in every direction. The only regret is that
the paper is not twice as big so as to have given that much
more recognition. As jt is, one department, "The World
for a Week," was crowded out by Thanksgiving features.
In this season, when thanks are especially due, the
editor wishes to go again on record as being very thankful
for the earnest, loyal work and interest of Juniordom at
T^OT long ago, stories were afloat quite generally, regard
ing the actions of the young king of Spain now that
he" hd begun to reign in his own name and had been cut
from his mother's leading strings. The stories were not at
all complimentary to him, either as king or as a man. It has
been proven now that the stories were so cleverly concocted
by a group of malicious people that they deceived the
cleverest writers,, who wish to send out only authentic news.
It is needless to say that as in the case of Queen Wilhelmina
a year ago, the stories were first published in the foreign
press and only after some time were they caught by the
native papers or government and steps taken to disprove
The truth seems to be that Alfonso is an average, re
spectable young man, living up to the duties of his king
ship to the best of his ability, and the devoted son that
he always has been to the mother who guarded his interests
so faithfully and well during the dangerous days of his
It is almost three hundred and forty-eight years since
Sir Philip Sidney, the perfect knight, yielded up his life at
the battle of Zutphen. Sir Philip was really a great man, as
well as the most "perfect gentleman the world had seen up
to his time, but the fact remains for the comfort of those
who despair of breaking into history because they are gen
tlemen, that the real progress of the world lies to the credit
of "the quiet men who speak the truth, pay their debts,
do their work thoroughly, and are satisfied with their just
Here's hoping that the turkey and cranberry crops are
not so short that each and every Junior cannot have at least
the neck of the turkey and one lone cranberry in a sea of
A Very Full Number.
Front TKeir Point of View.
\\7TJ TING-FANG has at last started on his way to his
native land. Alert to distinctive Americanisms, his
latest interview quotes him as speaking of the men "get
ting busy" and "hustling" to take care of his baggage.
Then he says that that baggage contains an American
bathing suit,the only sensible garment worn by western
nations. As a curiosity, he is taking back a dress suit such
as the American men wear. He says it will be a great
curiosity, and that the majority of the Chinamen will not
believe that Americans would, wear such things.
Mr. Wu has 'undoubtedly been bombarded with very
silly questions by something more than silly people as to
the time-honored customs and costumes of his native land.
Perhaps this remark about his American dress suit is merely
a farewell pleasantry in similar vein. Certainly American
men have been seen abroad in the larger cities in truly
American clothes, so that the claim could hardly be made
that they would be a great curiosity to the people with
whom Mr. Wu will come most in contact.
Mr. Wu is a man keen of observation of the people and
their foibles with whom he comes in contact a man alive
to the good things in western civilization and. yet loyal to
his own nation and because of this, he is just the man
to have picked out the weak spots in the claims of the people
ot the west. It is not to be expected that Mr. Wu will pass
them byin" private talks at least,among his own country
men. He is perfectly within his rights in doing this,it is
only to be regretted that the western nations cannot take
to themselves a little of the fault for the very great differ
ence in-^the point of^view between eastern and western
Great as has been the progress of medicine and surgery
within the past half century, the professional men of to-day
believe that they have hardly entered the real possibilities
of the science. Day by day they are seeking new light in all
directions. Perhaps the most striking idea now advanced
Is that it may be possible to open the heart and divide
certain obstructions in the valvular action which are fatal
to life. When the great organ of life itself can be thus
treated by the surgeon's knife, then the profession may
well feel that they are beginning to see the end of the prob
lems which they have been set to solve.
The highest mountains in Cuba Teach greater heights
than any peaks in the eastern ranges of the United States.
A Slandere d King*.
THE JOURNAL JUNIOR, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1902,
Cuba's High Hills.
JUST BETWEEN YOU JIND ME
Uf ONDON" was probably rather a hard subject to many
L* of the Northwestern Juniors, but in many ways it
brought the most satisfactory set of papers that has come
in for some time. It has done every writer good to crystal
lize his ideas of the great metropolis and at the same time
it is interesting to readers- to know what the various mind
There are naturally some misconceptions. Among these
is the idea that the "sky-line" of London would show a
ragged, succession of sky-scrapers, such as we have be
come familiar with in New York. The sky-scraper is a
purely American creation. The tallest buildings in London
are not over six stories moreover, there is such a uni
formity in the buildings, which are generally four and
six stories high, that it is not until one gets into the sub
urbs that the story-and-a-half cottages make their appear
ance. The houses in London proper are three stories high,
the style called the "English basement." What the streets
of London will be like when they begin to build up into the
air, Is a fearful and wonderful thing to think of.
As to fogs, I really do not know what to say, except
"sometimes they is and sometimes they isn't." Some three
years ago I read a letter from an American in business in
London describing the fogs there, which he said actually
seemed to get into the houses and make the lights dim.
A year ago this summer a friend went abroad the first
of August, returning the latter part of September, and she
became quite indignant when I asked about the fogs. ' She
said they had had clear, beautiful weather all the time they
were in London and that the stories of the awful fogs were
just stories. Within the past month I have received let
ters from a member of my family who has been in England
since July, saying that the fogs had been so thick since
the middle of October that all sightseeing had been given
up. The first fog that came rolling in caught her out alone,
and it came on so suddenly that she had to take a hansom,
and within a few minutes it was so "pea-soupy" that she
actually could not see the horse in front of her. It seems
to be a case, then, of "when they is, they certainly is,"
though fortunately for the Britons "is" does not mean
Still another mistake is that of supposing that Windsor
castle is in London. Windsor is fully an hour's ride from
London by express, and while not in the country, strictly
speaking,, it is still decidedly beyond, the confines of London
itself. The town of Windsor, near which the castle is
situated, has only about 12,000 inhabitants.
Many of the papers made rather amusing mistakes as
to the name of some of the places, but they were easily
recognized and corrected. It took at least two times think
ing, however, to sort out "West, on mininister" into West
minster. Just what idea the writer had of such a mix
up is one of the, things I wonder about.
Some speak in American terms of street ears if you
called themin Englandanything but trams, you would be
stared at. And if you wanted something to protect your
shoes and asked for rubbers, you might go all over London
before you found them, for goloshes they are there, and ex
cept In shops where they have had many American cus
tomers, the clerks do not know the American term. Vests,
too, are waistcoats, or "weskits" elevator is a lift baggage
is luggage trunks are boxes checks are brasses, and they
say they are starved when they mean they are very, very
If an American wants to know where there is a "drug
store, he should ask for the chemist's shop if fie wants to
buy some men's furnishing goods, he must ask for a haber
dasher's if he wants a lemonade, he must call for a lemon
squash and if he wants a pie, he will not get it unless he
calls for a tart. Even then, he will not get the American
kind of pie, for while the English tart is a culinary half
sister of the American pie, English cooks make it very
thick, and with only an upper crust. If an American woman
needs to buy a spool of thread, she must ask for a reel
of cotton, and if she wants a waist, it can be obtained when
she calls for a body. If she wants what is distinctively a
shirt waist in style, it will be found under the name of
blouse if one is thirsty and wants a pitcher of water, he
must call for a jug of it,and then nine and a half cases
out of ten it will not be ice water. The English,in fact,
all foreigners, cannot, understand the American appetite for
iced water and hot rooms. So it goes along the line.
Custom and environment have made Americans manufacture
their own peculiar vocabulary. These various words are
no better and no worse than the English equivalents. There
is no criticism to be made on one side that cannot be
duplicated In another direction by the other side. Usage
has made them familiar to their users, that is all. When
one goes to France or Germany or Italy, he never thinks
of trying to make the natives understand the American for
things he learns the equivalent in the language of the
country. The same attitude should be taken toward the
English terms which are so different from those we em
ploy for the same things in practically the same language.
A traveler gets along much better if he tries to talk to the
clerks and the guides in the phrases with which they are
familiar than if he tries to educate them in a minute to his
- The Tower of London, by the way, is not "a " tower,
but rather a collection of towers. The main building, called
the White Tower, which is the most ancient of all, having
been built for William the Conqueror, is a large building,
not a tower at all in our acceptation of the term. Built
in various parts about the grounds, some distance from the
White Tower and each other as well, are other buildings
more like towers, as we know them, bearing the names of
Middle Tower, Byward Tower, St. Thomas's Tower, Bloody
Tower, Wakefield Tower, Record Tower, Bell Tower,
Beachamp Tower, Devereux Tower, Salt Tower, Jewel
Tower, Bowyer Tower, etc.
In addition to these there are several walls, used as
fortification in the days of old when the Tower was a
fortification for the city beneath it. On these walls are cir
cular towers used as guard houses, which are much more to
the modern idea of towers than are the historic structures.
By a mixing up of labels on the cuts, pretty much as
Little Buttercup mixed the babies up in Pinafore, the ad
vertisement for the Works Biscuit company last week was
credited to the wrong Junior designer. It should have been,
to Hermione Shearer, B Eighth Grade, Douglas School, 1912
Queen Avenue S. I am all the more sdrry to have made
the mistake as Miss Shearer is a new designer, has done
good work, and even more than in some other cases, should
have full credit for her work. THE EDITOR.
Three Victoria crosses, ten distinguished service medals,
two promotions to commissioned rank and four mentions in
dispatches have fallen to the lot of reform school JaAs In
The Fruit of Discipline. -
********** **** .
offers the above prizes for the best six
compositions on "Silk: its History, Culture,
Manufacture and Use." None is to exceed
700 words. School children anyrhere and
of all ages may. enter the contest. All com
positions must be mailed to or in the pos
session of The Journal Junior not later than
The papers must be strictly original.
Avoid all imitation of encyclopedia information.
Get the facts, of course, but dress them over wholly in
original language. Do some individual thinking on the
The papers must be written on on3 side only of the
paper, and each must be signed with the grade, school, nam*
and address of the writer.
Suggestions for Designers.
The designs may contain drawings, photographs,
poems, anything, in fact, that will attract attention
to the firm that is advertising.
There Is no expense attached to the work.
The designs should be at least six inches and a
All drawings must be in black and white only.
India ink should be used. Avoid all colored inks, even
blue black or greenish black ink.
Do not make the designs too crowded. I
White spaces show off advertising matter. f
Name, address, grade and school should be written I
o:i the back of the design itself, and not on a separate *
+ piece of paper.
* ' *M Ml ++++I
One dollar each is offered for the best advertisements
for the CRESCENT CREAMERY.
Each advertisement must contain the name "Crescent
Creamery," the address, "618-620 Hennepin Avenue," and the
phrases, "Butter, milk, cream, and all dairy products." and
"Wholesale and Retail." The name "Crescent" should be
especially well played up, as this is practically the trade
mark of the firm, and milk and butter supplied by them is
well known by the word "Crescent/' Hence advertisements
to be most satisfactory must take due account of the valua
of the name associated with dairy products.
The designs must be in the hands of the editor
Not Later Than Monday Evening, Dec. 8,
at five o'clock. They must be strictly original, and each
must be signed with the grade, school, name and address
of the designer.
One dollar each is offered for the best advertisements
designed for R. M. CHAPMAN, GROCER.
Each advertisement must contain the name "R. M.
Chapman, -Grocer," the address, "732-734 Nicollet Avenue,"
and some phrases making the point that Mr. Chapman makes
his own pastry, and his own candy and roasts his own
These last three points are very important ones, as these
three things are Mr. Chapman's own particular features.
No one must be omitted. It is "own" pastry,-candy and
The designs must be in the hands of the editor of the
Not Later Than Monday Evening, Dec. f,
at five o'clock. They must be strictly original, and each
must be signed with the grade, school, name and address of
PRIZE WINNERS IN THE "SOO" RAILROAD CONTEST.
Lee Mero, A 10th Grade, Central High School, *3S36 First
Alic6 King, B 9th Grader Central High School, ^3929
Lyndale Avenue S. * *" *** ..
Zula J. Bottenfield, A 7th Grade, Madison School, 1522
Thomas H. Foley, B 8th Grade, Holy Ttosary School
1534 E Twenty-second Street.
Walter Wood, B 8th Grade, Lyndale School, "3414
A puppy school Is a funny institution, but such a one
is kept by a man living in a little English village, where
he trains dogs to lead the blind. The dogs are taken when
they are young, and the first thing a puppy has to learn is
the art of walking steadily in a straight line. It takes a long
time for the dog to learn that sudden dashes here and there
or conversations with other dogs are not to be indulged in.
The teacher makes excursions with the dog in all directions,
leaving the animal to do the piloting home. After four or five
months of teaching the dog is ready to take up his life
work. The trainer gets from $10 to $15 each for his dogs.
Quarantine was first established against infectious dis
eases in the tenth century.
(?^=$10 in Prizes
Prize winners will be announced
A Funny Puppy School.
First Prize $4.00
Secon d Prize $2.00
Four Prizes of $1.00 Each
The Goodfellow Dry Goods Co.
The First Quarantine.
Monday* Novembe r 24 ,