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PRICE TWO CENTS. FRIDAY -EVENim PUCEMBER 19, 1902. 24 PAGES-^FIVE O'CLOCK.
POLICE CASES ABE REVERSED Supreme Court Grants New Trials on the Gardner and Fitch ette Appeals. Main Obstacle in Gardner's Case Was His Appearance Before Grand Jury. The Two Decisions Have a Strong Bearing on Other Cases Irwin A. Gardner is to have a new tr'al. "Coffee John" Fitchette would have fcot one had he lived. The supreme court handed down opin ions In both cases this morning and in both the lower court was reversed. .Che opinions are Important, not alone for their bearing upon the two. cases in which fhey were filed, but because of their probable effect upon subsequent trials of "grafting"' officials. The decision in the Fitchette case may be held to have a direct bearing upon the case of Former Chief of Police Frederick W. Ames, now under conviction, whose formal motion for a new trial will be argued before Judge Brooks Wednesday morning. The ground for reversal in the Fitchette case was the reception of evidence going to prove the commission of another, though similar crime, to that charged in the indictment. Ames was convicted of having accepted a bribe of 115 from a woman of the town, and evidence was received during the trial of the case which proved his acceptance of the one bribe to have been only one in cident of a series. A score or more of social outcasts testified that they had been visited by Joseph Cohen, who acted as the chief's collector, and that they had paid him money. Each one of these transactions was, of course, a distinct crime and may be held to come within the meaning of the court's decision. Yet County Attorney Boardman said this morning that he believed a conviction would be impossible without this evidence. Under a liberal construction of the court's ruling even Norbeck might have had a chance to escape had he not pleaded guilty. He is now serving time in Stillwater. Reversed on Technicalities. The reversals are on technical grounds merely. They do not attemp tto assert the innocence of the convicted men, though they may result in winning for them immunity from punishment. In the Gardner case the reversal was granted on two points the one similar to the grounds urged successfully by Messrs. Lane & Nantz, Fitchette's attorneys, and the other, because Gardner had been a witness before the grand Jury prior to his indictment. When the Gardner indict ment wa6 returned, his attorneys at once moved to quash-\t fact. Gardner himself filed - an -affidavit in which he related that he had been ealled before the jury and questioned and that, in response to questions, he had thereupon testified and told "all he knew* 'regarding the matters of, inquiry. According to the construction placed upon this affidavit by the lower court, it contained no allegation that he had given testimony which was subsequently used against him and the affidavit was re garded as of so little importance by the state that it was not even traversed. The supreme court says it should have been traversed and that the motion to quash should have been granted in the absence of any evidence going to show that Gard ner's testimony was not used against him self. It is regarded as a possibility, at least, that the supreme court's action In these eases may prove a panacea for the ills to which Mayor Ames has been a victim ever since his flight from Minneapolis some months ago. A county official sug gested this morning that the opinions handed down might prove wonderfully ef^ flcaclous as liver medicine, and added that he would not b esurprised to learn that the fugitive mayor had made up his mind to v.eturn and face the music. "Such pianis simo music," he concluded, "could scarce ly harm even so confirmed an invalid as the 'genial doctor.' " * Gardner was convicted of being the. go between between Mayor A. A. Ames and the "big mitt" men who say they paid the Ames administration for protection in their nefarious business. He was con victed largely upon the sensational testi mony of "Billy" Edwards, the biggest of the big mitters and a clever crook, after a trial showing the utter rottenness of the administration. Captain Fitchette was convicted of hav ing accepted $200 for securing the appoint ment of an applicant for a place on the police force. WH AT THE COURT RJULES Gardner's Grand Judy Appearance Was the Main Obstacle. The opinion in ths Gardner case is by Chief Justice Start. His principal point Is that tf Gardner was compelled to be a witness against himself before the grand jury, it was a violation of his personal right guaranteed to him by the constitu tion of the state, which provides thatrjo person in a criminal case shall be com pelled to testify against himself. The Gardner affidavit declares that he was so compelled and it was not traversed by the state so the court was obliged to presume Its truth. The fact that Gardner's name was not indorsed on the indictment as a witness does not impair his right. The Hawks case, which was relied ort by the state, dots not hold to the contrary. "The constitutional guaranty must re ceive, a liberal construction," says the court, 'to the end that personal rights may be protected.' Better and occasional miscarriage of justice than that the con stitutional rights of the meanest man should be disregarded." The second error found is similar to that in the. Fitchette case. The court holds that it was. improper to receive the evidence showing other swindles com mitted by Edwards and Crossman, of which there . Is lib' evidence tending to show that the defendant had knowledge. The decision of the court is that "the order appealed from must be reversed and thr$asft remanded, with direction that if t8r:"state to traverse the defendant's affidavit upon which he based his motion to quash the indictment, the district court hear the mo tion on the merits, and if it is denied, such further action be had in the case as the court deems proper otherwise, that the indictment be quashed, It is so ordered." . , The Gardner Syllabus. The points decided are stated in "the syllabus of the decision as follows: "State of Minnesota. Respondent, vs. Ir win A. Gardiner, Appellant. "FirstChapter 306, Laws 1895, construed and held that the right of a defendant-in a." criminal case to incapacitate, by an affi davit of prejudice, a judge to try his case is limited, to.the judge against whom the affidavit is first filed, that is, he is entitled I !* Fending. :,b,e.eaus Effect on Dr. Ames. shall ask and be permitted (Co&tl&ued on Second Page.) e .of tis last HILL'S S. S. CO. ! GETS THE PLUM Secretary Boot Accepts the Bid of the Boston Steamship Co. for Transportation. -,-- Troops and Supplies for the Philip pines Will Go Largely via Northern Route. Existing Service at San Francisco to Continue for the PresentA Further Promise. Washington. Dec. 19.Secretary Root announced to-day that he had decided to accept the bid of the Boston Steamship company so far as it affects the transpor tation of troops and military supplies be tween the United States and the Philip pines which are sent or received by way of either Seattle or Taeoma. He explained that, the existing service at San Francisco would be continued for the present, and added that, if satisfac tory arrangements could be made for the disposal of army transports, either by sale or by charter, the transportation com panies at that port would be given a share of the government business. PORTAL, PORT OF ENTRY A Bill for This Concession Passes the National House To-day. From The Journal Bureau, Room 45, Post Build ing, Washington. Washington, Dec. 19.Representative Tawney to-day secured the passage of a bill to make Portal. N. D., a port of en try for immediate transportation df goods in bpnd. The enactment of this bill into law will enable Minneapolis merchants to bring oriental goods from Vancouver and Canadian products through to desig nation without examination at Portal. W. W. Jermane. ROSE'S RARE DISEASE His Fingers and Toes Are Expected to Grow to an Equal Length. Now York Sun Speoial Service. New York, Dec. 19.The special com missibner, appointed by Justice Lambert of the supreme . bdurt to report on the mental condition of Harry Rose, stage manager of the Gwrick .theater, who on Nov. 27 shot and*wTlled his wife held a session yesterday. Rose-Waspresentbut seemed oblivious of Hi* surroundings Dr. Robert S. Newtoit testified"' that he had examined Rose six times since his arrest and found him to be suffering from an ex tremely rare disease, not discovered until 1886. This disease, Dr. Newton said, as a rule affected only giants and began at the base of the brain. The fingers and toes grew to an equal length. SHE SAW IT INTDREAM Mrs. Mary Johnson Warns Husband, but It Was in Vain. New York Sun Special Service. St. Joseph, Mo., Dec. 19."John, don't go to work. I feel sure that something is going to happen to you." Mrs. Mary Johnson gave that warning to her hus band as he started to work in the terminal yai'ds. - " "O, bother." he replied. "Nothing is go ing to happen to me. " I'm all right, and in no danger." - , Three hours later Johnson was picked up from the Santa Fe track terminal yards at Hickory, street, after the in-bound San ta Fe train had cut off bath legs,, crushed his hand, mangled his body, and cut a gash in his head. He died later. His wife dreamed that he would be killed. THE COLONIAL DAHE WAR The Courts Decide That Both Organ izations May Keep the Name. Hew York Sun Special Service, Albany, N. T.. Dec. 19.The court of appears to-day affirmed the judgment of teh lower courts dismissing the complaint in the case of the Colonial Dames of America, appellant, against the Colonial Dames of America, and Justine Van Rehs uriincorporated association calling itself the National . Society of the Colonial Dames of America, arid Jlstine Van Rens slaer Townsend, as-president. The bone of contention is the name- "Colonial Dames." whichs^the plaintiff claims by right of invention and prior use. The Colonial Dames ,,ot' America were incorporated on April 'lS. 1891, and the Colonial Dames of the State of New oYrk on April 25, 1893. The wormer was or ganized by a number of New York women. A few months afterward several promi nent Philadelphia . women also organized what they called first the Pennsylvania Society of Colonial Dames. There was a great rivalry between the organizations, the fight finally culminating Tii the. "suit just decided. ' Under the decision, of the court or appeals all of the organizations may keep the words "Colonial Dames" in their titles. ' ' - CAR BAN AWAY It Slips Down a Grade and Kills Two Engineers. Bradford. Pa., Dec. 19.A car heavily loaded with lumber on May's siding, near Wetmore, on the Philadelphia & Erie rail road, ran away early this morning down a steep grade and rushed Into a double header freight going east. The lumber on the car shoved forward and pinned both engineers In the wreck, killing them instantly. They were James Murphy and Charles Dieffenbach. The injured are- Fireman Graw, Brake man Davis, seriously, and C. Chieshel, slightly. --* x COLOMBIA CUTS EXPORT DITTIES. ', Postmasters appointed to-day: Mihne- Washtngton, Dec. lfr.Minister Hart at Bogota sotaButterjiut. Blue J'jarth county, has cablea that a recent government decree pro- Christian Teigum Queen. Polk" county, rides for a progressiva reduction of 10 per cent j _ tf$V M. Colombia, begto-1 J^^ OUR INTERESTING FRIENft HENRY Mr. Watterson Advocates Breaking Loose Prom the Monroe Doctrine. He Thinks It Was All Right 80 Years Ago, but Is Bather Out of Date. The Territory Now Owned by a Riff Raff of Latins Is Not Worth Acquiring. New York Sun Speoial Service. Louisville. Dec. 19.In the Louisville Courier-Journal this morning Henry Wat terson advocates breaking loose from the Monroe doctrine. In part 'he says: This is as good ah opportunity as another for the government of the United States, and back of the government, for the. people of the United States, tojeonsider the Monros doctrine, its origin m d meaning, its im port and intention, with the serious pur- r Her Controller Ridgley Complains of the Lak of Elasticity in Our CurrencyWe Have Noticed It Was Hard to Stretch It Out Sufficintly for Christmas Purposes/ * pose of readjusting it, if need be. to pre vailing, national and international condi tions. It was a noble statement it was a timely declaration, yet it took no ac count of imperialism in Brazil nor of royalty in Canada, perhaps befeause we had little to fear from the PSrtuguese while England was our. actual ally. All this. was eighty years ' ago, when democracy was making its trial trip, so to say, and the federal union hnng, as it were, in the balance. We clirigtb it not merely as an honorable-tradition, but as a sacred principle. "We would fight for it. , A chance collision in the Caribbean sea. an accident on land or water would arouse the hot blood of the belligerent and un thinking to a degree which would probably browbeat the wisest cabinet and defy the most far-reaching statesmensftip," both in and out of congress. "Why? Because we are touched upon a point which our honor will not. brook.. For what? For a riff raff of Latins.who hate us and of mongrels in abject ignorance and degradation, and a territory, we shall never be able to ac quire, and not worth the acquiring if we should.everivbe. These questions are bound to foe settled sooner or later. . Shall it be peace or war? We want the canal. L,et *is take it, and, If occasion require, isthmus, Central. Amer ica, and.all.. If Germany wants to obtain land and.set up colonies in South America, why not? If England wants the same down about Argentina," why not? Always free trade for the United States. Why not. Anyhow, instead of. nursing a wan ton, senseless, hypocritical jingoism ---meaning nothing but froth in some and fustian in othersis it not the part of an enlightened, self-respecting sagacity to begin to cast, about us where-we are at, and to revise our position with the view Of adjusting", it' to- the altered conditions which mark the difference between 1823 and 1902, V" Let Dewey show himself by all means. Let him exhibit that fleet. 3_et the old bird scream through the arnbllent air. Let the glorious old rag wave triumphant on the wings of the wind. II -it is to be a fight we stand pat on the Monroe doctrine. But why a fight? To what end? To what profit? The weak are sometimes obliged to fight in their own defense the strong, never, unless they want to. FEEE DELIVERY SERVICE Routes Ordered In Olmsted, Mower. Steele, Wabasha, Houston and Kandi yohi C.ountles. Special to The Journal. . Washington. D. C , Dec. 19.Iiural freo delivery service has been ordered estab lished at Laird, Olmsted county LeRoy, Mower county Msdford, Steels- county Minneiska, Wabasha county Owatanna, Steele county Spring Grove, Houston county, and Willmar Kandiyohi county, Minn., to commence Feb : .-*': N able. Oman. WisconsinMcCodd, Adams D9YW1J Greely r mm llGAIST ONION Railroad Company in England Sues the Amalgamated Society of Verdict in Favor- of the Railroad To-dayQuestion of Damages 3ti~ HE N 1 Railroad Servants. "Malicious Molestation, Intimida tion and Picketing" During a Strike. ' London. Dec. IS.Aiter a long trial in the King's Bench division of the high court of -justice, the $ts of the Taff Vale Railroad company against the. Amalga mated Society, of Railroad Servants, in volving-many "Questions of the utmost im portance to trades unionism, resulted to day in'a verdict in..favor of the plain tiffs, the railroad company. The latter complained of malicious mo lestation, picketing, Intimidation, etc., during the Strike of 1900. WANTED-ELASTIO CURRENCY The judge reserved his decision on the question of damages until the next sit ting of the court. The railroad company also contended that there was a conspiracy on the part of the society to injure its business, and further, that there was an unlawful com bination to carry on the strike. BENEDICT FRIED CASE and die A Prospective North Dakota Family Detained in the Eye Hospital. - From The Journal Bureau, Boom 45, Post Build ing:, Washington. Special to The Journal. Washington, Dec. 19.Benedict Juried, the Immigrant "who was ordered deported with his family because the father and two children-were-suffering with trachima, but who was afterward allowed to obtain treatment for-the disease, was admitted yesterday to the Presbyterian Eye, Ear and Throat hospital in Baltimore. The conditions, are that if they are cured, the family -will be.allowed to proceed to their objective point In North Dakota, but if the treatment falls, they are to be sent back, to their native land. |The mother with the other three childr^Rwill be taken care of pending the treatment of the father and little girls, who are 5 and 3 years old, respectively. The patients are all afflicted with a rather mild form of the disease, probably contracted after leaving their native land. The attending physician said there was no doubt that the cases.could be cured if the.patients ^remained'at the.hospital long enough, but the disease was a stubborn one and yield ed slowly to treatment. Fried has a considerable sum. of, cash and wants to go to North TJakota add there join his three uncles, whohave been citizens of that state for years. He has already arranged for the purchase of a farm and stock. . ! -W. W. Jermane. STUDENTS PARDONED The Czar Allows Over 100 of Thein to Return From-Siberia* Is Postponed. St. Petersburg, Dec. 19.The czar has granted amnesty tolthe students who were banished for rioting) on his name day. He telegraphed, to the minister of the inter ior as follows: ' "Let the studentp who were banished for creating dlsturhiandes return from Si beria although th4y should not for the present be allowed fo live in towns where there are high schools, Care must never theless be taken th*t young men on their return . be entrusted to the keeping of. their families and auch surroundings* will familiarize them with order." The telegram which is equivalent to.an imperial decree, pardons fifty-nine stu dents exiled to Siberia. In -addition.to the sixty-two students breyioualy pardoaed. STILL LOOKING FOR THE MESSIAH "John the Baptist," Notorious Lead er of the Dukhobors, Pound in Village of Terpinia. He Adheres to the Idea That the Christ Is in the Neighbor hood of Winnipeg. Veregin, Siberian Exile, on His Way to Yorkton to Advise the Misguided People. Special to The Journal. Winnipeg, Man., Dec. 19."John the Baptist," the now famous JDukhobor lead er, Is found. The fanatical general was located in the village of Terpinia, where he is in an unsettled state of mind and still imbued with the idea that the Mes siah is wandering on terra flrma in the vicinity of Winnipeg calling to his true followers to leave all and follow him. C. W. Speers, the dominion govern- ment colonization agent, arrived here yes terday after a trip through the Saswatch ewan district, and the above is the gist of his story regarding the Dukhobor leader. Mr. Speers says the man is un doubtedly "dotty" and is one of those on whom Peter Yeregin will have to use his influence^ for good, if he is vested with any. Thie village of Terpinia has a Duk hobor population of 1,700 and of this num ber only seven were affected with the re ligious craze. They went to .^orkton and became infatuated with the insane notions in spite of all their fellow vil lagers could do to the contrary. Regarding the visit of Peter Veregin, the Siberian exile Who is expected here to-day, on his way to Yorkton, Mr. Speers said: .'.-'--.- "His influence will be great and his ad-^ vent will be welcomed by the Russian communities In the west. 'How far he may be instrumental In persuading them to desist from or relinquish their faith, I am not in a position to say. In my ex periences I found them rather self-willed. They only resigned their allegiance to the movement when they were suffering and disappointed by the non-fullfillrrfcnt of prophesies which they belieA'ed to be in fallible. "I am persuaded that Veregin will do good. In many Important matters re lating to former movements and govern ment they have consulted him and looked on him aa'a man of superior judgment. The confidence they have hitherto, reposed in him will have a potent influence in bringing about peace and contentment. . I believe his influence will be required with but a small minority of the people.. .. "Veregin spent sixteen years in thV penal settlements in Siberia, where he was sent by the Russian exerting great influence over the Dukho bors. While In exile they found means of communicating-with him and he has on numerous occasions advised them.'' THE LftURONE ROUNDUP Constabulary and City Police Are Busy on the Outskirts of ^ Manila. - r Manila, Dec. 19.The round-up of la drones in Risal province is proceeding. A large force of constabulary is in the field and the Manila police are co-operating with it. They have cordoned the north boundary of the city -- to prevent the bandits' from,: entering. , The United States Asiatic fleet is assem bling for the- evolutions which are to corn mence to-morrow and continue for a,tort-: night. They will consist largely in land ing tactics and the seizure, fortifying arid supplying of a naval base on the west coast of the island of Luzon near Subig.. The battleship Kentucky is here and the Ore gon Is expecUd dally. JOX J authorities, fo - THE POWERS MAKE REPLY .- - TO ARBITRATION PROPOSALS THE TENOR OF THE NOTES IS SUCH THAT IT IS THOUGHT SAT- ISFACTORY ARRANGEMENTS WILL BE BROUGHT ABOUT. England Is Favorable to Arbitration With Proper SafeguardsGermany "Accepts the Principle, but Finds a Multitude of Small Adjustments Necessary to Be Made FirstItaly Is Willing to Follow the Lead* ing of the Senior Partners. Washington, Dec. 19.Secretary Hay has received partial responses from the governments of Great Britain, Germany and Italy respecting the proposal to arbi- trate the Venezuelan difficulties. Great Britain Is favorable to arbitration with proper safeguards. Germany accepts arbitration in principle, but finds a multitude of small adjust* ments to be made, before entering Into the agreement. Italy, as the junior partner of the allies, declares that she Is favorable to arbl- i tratlbn, but will be bound probably by the action of the senior partners. ' ENGLAND ANXIOUS ABOUT THE GUARANTEE To secure these results the American embassies-at London, Berlin and Roma have been working energetically to carry out the instructions of Secretary Hay to ascertain how the proposal would be received. As far as England is concerned, the safeguards referred to are believed to relate to the question of guarantee, which Is full of difficulties. ' In this connection some consideration is again being given to the feasibility of the assumption of responsibility for any award assessed against Venezuela by re- sponsible private agencies, but the United States government is determined not to allow itself to be drawn Into the position of a guarantor In this case, for the precedent, once established, might require the United States to become the finan- cial backer of all South.and Central America. However, if private concerns can be induced to enter the field the United States government will do what it can to reduce their risks. Secretary Hay, Sir Michael Herber, the British ambassador and Senator Depew were In conference to-day and it is suspected that this phase of the case was touched upon, although no confirmation can be had at this time. -The German position presentsthe greatest difficulties for not only does it In- volve a demand for apologies which are extremely repugnant to Venezuela, hut. also presents so many points requiring adjustment that it is evident that many days or perhaps weeks must elapse before the adjustment can be effected and the case prepared for arbitration. And the danger of delay In the face of a block- ade which seriously cripples neutral commerce and Invites hostile collisions with the Venezuelans cannot be over-estimated. The efforts of the United States there- fore, must be directed toward hastening Germany's action on the arbitration proposal. The Italian position Is of course, of less concern than that of the other allies. The Italian ambassador here In his Intercourse with the state department has been extremely moderate and considerate, giving Secretary Hay the impression that he is well disposed to second any effort'of the United States to terminate the present dangerous situation. The French government ha served notice that without abating her claims, the payment for which have be/eta arranged, she also claims the right to have the claims of French citizens which have arisen since, considered" by the Joint tribunal which Will adJi)*tthe^ewSzuelan debts, on other nations. This contention is" strongly resisted by some of the* allied powers arid 1s one of the principles which is likely to lead to the consumption of much tlhie ahd which, ihust-be disposed of before a final ^Itrate'thet-cJti^-^.'"'*: ^""'^'^:.''^.i^r ' . -^ :'- THE GERMAN POSITION MAY CAUSE DELAY aftfiAr-BWtAIN' REPLY The Matter of Arbitration Is Taken Up In a Note to-the United States. London, Dec. 19.Great Britain has sent a reply to the United States in regard to the suggestion that the Venezuelan ques tion should be submitted to arbitration. The tenor of the reply it is expected, here will tend to . bring about some arrange ment for a satisfactory solution while thoroughly safeguarding the,interests of the powers concerned. The note to Reuters Telegram com pany announcing that Great Britain had sent a reply to the United States says: & -T-.: f | The statements issuing from Caracas | j to the effect that President Castro | j has empowered Minister Bowen to act j | as the representative of Venezuela | | are regarded in London as open to I question. Any such action on the part | of President Castro would be consld- | ered wholly beside the mark. The | powers concerned will deal solely with | the United States in the matter of | arbitration. . The government of Ven- | ezuela will, riot be consulted in any | form, not even as to the terms on | j which arbitration might be acceptable | I to the powers. .-.-. I S _-. - ... ' . - . - . : The owners of the British:steamer To paz, which was .seized by a mob of Vene zuelans at Porto Cabello, Dec. 10, result ing in the bombardment of the forts there by vessels of the allied powers, have re ceived a cable message announcing her safe arrival at Glenfuegos, Cuba. . *-_.. BLOCKADE PROBLEMS Premier Balfour Speaks of Them in Par- - 1 lament. London,s Dec. 19.In'a reply, made pub lic to-day' to a question in parliament of Gibson. Bowles, conservative, Premier Balfour says no intimation has been re ceived from the government of the.United States that It Will object to American shipping being interfered with in the event of a blockade of the Venezuelan coast. The- objections" to the blockade which It is proposed to establish have been carefully considered. They cannot, however, be altogether removed, as some of them are inherent to that particular class of naval operations. "Mr. Bowles also, asked "whether in view of the destruction by the Germans of two gunboats and the consequent impossibility of holding them as pledges the^ govern ment ^proposes to continue joint action with Gerrnany?" - The premier replied in the affirmative. TO ADVANCE THE MONEY W. R. Grace.A Co. Said To Be Willing To :'"- Finance .Venezuela. Special to The Journal. New York, Dec 19.-r-It develops that one of tho principal financial instiutions in New TorR""ls." engaged in an* attempt to solve the Venezuelan difficulty "by advanc ing to Venezuela a sufficient amount of money to pay its foreign obligations. A definite offer has been said,:with the. approval of the state de partment, at Washington, to advance all the morieyi necessary to ineet these obliga tions. The name of-the financial institu tion has not been given out, but it is .un- derstood Itort W. R.. Grace &..CO., are,,in- terested in the move. Mr. Grace is.a for mer mayor of New York arid has/extensive property interests -in South and Central America.' . " - ' '.. The plan is said to be. for Venezuela to pledge its customs receipts.for the repay ment" of the loan and to put ..tbie adminis tration of" its customs affairs in the- hands of an agent to be designated by-the New York people. - . "National Honor Is Saved."Castro. Guayaquil, Ecuador, Dec. 19.There was a large parade irt the streets of Quito last night as a it^mffestatiori' of syiripathiy.wWh Venezuela^',. ..-'"- - '-- - ~"^.'.''".'.'.'". -'*" ' President Castro has replied as follows to President Plaza's message: "Profound gratitude towards the gov ernment and noble people of Ecuador. MINNESOTA -I HISTORICAL1 :SOCIETY !JL THE POSITIONS OF ITALY AND FRANCE Lmade, l^P^efmk ** -A ...*.. * a basis of equality with those of the arrangement, :. y--r-y--*:-" ...?. The national honor is saved although the right of force reigns." u A rumor that Mr. Variderbilt was "dead was circulated shortly after noon to-day. Inquiry at the sick man's iioriie showed that the report was untrue. This-afternoon-- Reginald Vanderbilt and Miss Cathleen Neilson arrived at the hoyse in a carriage. Mr. Vanderbilt made in quiries and left his-card, while Miss' Neil son remained in the carriage. A close friend of Mr. Vanderbilt, who was in the house for a, considerable time to-day, said: - "Mr. Vanderbilt is very low, but ther Is hope." THE FRENCH POSITION What the Foreign Office Has Asked of Venezuela. Paris, Dec. 19.^The foreign office here desires to have it understood that the note sent to the French charge d'affaires at Caracas does not ask Venezuela, to give preferential treatment to French claims, but only treatment equal to that which the .other powers may receh a' though their recourse to force. This ap plies only to claims which have arisen since 1899, previous claims having "been submitted to arbitration. Concerning re cent claims, France first offered to per mit the Venezuelan courts to' pass upon them, but since Germany and Great Brit ain expect to secure - preference by the adoption of forcible collection, the French charge d'affaires has now been ordered to inform Venezuela that France expects the same advantages in the adujstment of claims as Venezuela grants, to Ger many arid Great Britain. This is not in tended as a coercive measure, but only to secure for France equal treatment with the other powers. ' France Opposes Pacific Blockade. Later in the day it was ascertained that the French governfnent had ' re ceived detailed advices showing the Amer ican position to be favorable to the ac ceptance of arbtmtion and opposing a Pacific blockade'. It was said by officials here-that the American attitude towards a Pacific blockade was the same as that asserted by Great Britain when France sought to- close the ports of Formosa against the rice trade. French policy since then had been firriily opposed to a Pacific blockade. Although such a policy had not yet been formally announced it was applicable to Venezuela.' A dispatch to the Liberte from The Hague says the government of Holland has dispatched several warships to the is land of Curacoa to protect Dutch subject* and to observe events. The dispatch adds that it is possible Holland will join in the action of the allied powers against Vene zuela. ,..- -.1 -THE CABINET MEETING Mr. Hay's Work ApprovedThe Situa- ' tlorr Not Considered Acute. . Washington, .Dec. 19.Secretary. Hajr laid before the'eabinet meeting to-day th latest phases of the Venezuelan situation as shown by the correspoydence with our ambassadors and the foreign offices at London, Berlin and. Rome and also ac quainted, the jriembers .with the substance of the. verbal exchanges with-the ambas sadors in Washington. After a thorough discussion the ^cabinet gave its unqualified approval to everything that had been done by Secretary Hay. and-also to his plans so far as .outlined. The attitude of the United States Is for-the present a Waiting one in the hope that the three allies will soon be able to agree upon the basis upon which they are willing to accept arbitra tion. So far jio notice of the projected blockade of Venezuela has been officially served on our government. - , , it Is X?fe#& Mr. Bowen's Kome?'sDec.l9. ited Foreign Minister Prinettl at the for eign office to-day and comimmicated to him. a eable message from Secretary Hay saying the latter was disposed to consent to the investment of Minister Bowen with full - powers to settle the Venezuelan con troversy If agreeable to Germany, Great Britain and Italy, . , can be made to ar- Powers.Meyer ---Ambassador vis-s ' 4 * 1 4 f i ' 4 % y ** f?' rA