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THEY MUST ATT. 00The Refreshment Booths at Minnehaha Which Are to Be Removed.
TAPPING THE WORLD'S ETHER
Marconi Compares the Wireless System With the Work of the Cables
Nothing Can Stop'the MessagesAs Practical
Over Land as Over Sea.
Table Head Station,- Glace Bay, X . 8. ,
Ian. 16.On this bleak, frosen headland,
which Is guarded night and day against
attempts to invade the seorets of wire
less intercontinental telegraphy, Gugilel
tao Marconi was found in a bare little
room at the foot o l his four wooden tow
are, to- which kings, queens, princes and
prime ministers have been sending their
congratulations in reply to messages
flashed across the.Atlantlo ocean.
As he stood beneath the great loose
heap of fifty wires hanging from a cable
stretched across the tops of the towers,
he waved his hand upward and said:
"There is the whole matter. Power
ful ourrents of electricity sent into those
fifty wires intermittently from the power
house below start forth the electromag
netic waves which oross the ocean in one
ninetieth of a second and record them
selves on similar wires at the Poldhu
station on the coast of Cornwall, 2,400
Nothing Can Stop Messages.
"Nothing can stop or divert these
waves they will go through or around
eny obstruction. Like sound waves, they
do not have to go in a straight line. The
messages are received through a tele
phone or are printed automatically in
Morse letters as clearly as though the
stations were only a mile apart."
Marconi looked over the gray ocean
stretching out before him. ""England is
in that direction," he said, jointing to
the dreary, wintry eastern horizon "but
we can S3nd messages from this station
to any point of the compass. When the'
Italian warship Carlo Alberto reaches
Venezuela w c can talk to her, for L a
Guaira is nearer to us than Cornwall.
If there were any reason for doing it
we could reach her now, wherever she
is on her voyage to South America, but
we are too b\isy sending messages to
Europe to waste any time on the ship
to-shore system, which is thoroughly
System Is Better Than Cable.
"Wireless telegraphy across the ocean
Is now as practical as cabling," he said.
"We have sent more than 2,000 words
in all from Glace Bay to Poldhu and have
reached a speed of fifteen words a min
ute, which, considering our clumsy send
ing apparatusa mere wooden lever to
connect and disconnect the currentin
dicates what we can do when we sub
stitute a sending key designed for speed.
With a proper sending key we can easily
get off thirty words a minute, and I shall
be surprised if we do not soon send at
a higher rate.
"The Atlantio cables average about
twenty-one words a minute in their reg
ular work, I believe. And there is this
vital difference in the two systems of
transoceanic telegraphy: A s the cable
grows longer the rate of speed in send
ing messages decreases, while distance
makes no difference in the rate at which
we can send by the wireless system."
Messages Can Be Duplicated.
"Can you send more than one message
at a time from the same station?"
"Yes, I have already demonstrated that
we can send two at a time for a short dis
tanoe. Whether more than two messages
" can be transmitted simultaneously by, the
same wires I am unable to sayprobably
not. But separate stations can be set up
and worked in the same neighborhood
without Interfering with each other, so
that our capacity for sending messages
can bo multiplied indefinitely."
"How can you prevent other people
with similar wireless apparatus from
reading the messages you send from con
tinent to continent? The seorecy of tele
graphic communication is vital."
Finds the Question Critical.
The sudden flash In the cold gray-blue
yes showed that Mr. Marconi understood
t he importance of the question. It was
the point of attack selected by the cable
companies in their combined attempt to
discredit him. H e paced up and down
restlessly, with his fingers locked twitch
ingly behind him and his lips contracted.
When he spoke his voice was cold, even
"With properly tuned instruments,*4
said, "we can make the reading of our
trans-Atlantic messages very, difficult.
To read a. wireless message an outside
station would have to be in exact tune or
vibratory uniBon' with our stations at the
same moment. I t would oost a rival not
less than $50,000 to try the experiment on
the smallest scale.
Can Constantly Change Tune.
"Besides, we can arrange our appa
ratus so that the tune, or rate of vibra
tion, can be automatically changing every
moment at the same rate in the sending
and receiving stations on each side of the
ocean. Those who talk about the danger
a mother should be a source of joy. to all, but the suffering and
danger incident to the ordeal makes its anticipation one of misery..
Mother's Friend is the only remedy which relieves women of the great
pain and danger of maternity this hour which is dreaded as woman's
severest trial is not only made painless, 1u all the danger is avoided
by its use. Those who use this remedy are no longer despondent or
gloomy nervousness, nausea and other distressing conditions are
overcome, the system is made ready for the coming event,' and
serious accidents so common to the critical
^ hour are obviated by the use of Mother's
!j\ Friend. "It is worth its weight in gold,"
^ ays many who have used it. $i.oo per
|/ '/bottle at drug stores. Book containing
pf valuable information of interest to all women, will
&}be sent to any address free upon application -to
MRADFIELQ REGULATOR QO.. Atlantm. Oa.
of having our messages read by outsiders
do not understand the subject
"When I was in England I offered to
pay a large sum of money to anyone who
could pick up one of our wireleBs mes
sages after notifying me that it was to be
attempted, and I even offered to lend ap
paratus to anyone who desired to try the
experiment. No one took up my offer.
But even if it were possible to read our
signalsand I do not admit it is a con
tingency to be fearedit would be the
simplest matter In the world to use a con
stantly changing secret code between our
Cheap Messages Not Secret.
"Even If secrecy were actually impos
sible, there are thousands of messages to
be sent by a cheap system of telegraphy
which are not necessarily secret in their
nature. If It were not so, postal cards
would not be used so extensively. If a.
man In New York wants to send a sailing
date or a birthday message or any other
such communication to a man hi London,
what does he care whether his message
is read by an outside operator or not?
"Remember that it only costs us $200,-
000 to establish a wireless trans-Atlantic
system and that our rates can be made
cheap enough to attract an immense vol
ume of telegraphic business which is pro
hibited now by the high cable rates. Un -
der my contract with the Canadian gov-
It Is Equal to That of the Great States of. Michigan, Illinois, Indiana,
Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri the
Two Dakotas Combined.
THE SIZE OF ALASKA AS COMPARED WITH THE UNITED STATES.
The Popular Sclenoe Monthly prints a
map, which is reproduced here, giving
an objeot lesson of the great size of the
Alaskan territory of which the general
publio know comparatively little, although
the Klondike *gold, discoveries have been
the means of calling attention to the im
portance of this great northern posses
sion. The size .of the. country is general
ly under-estimated because of its great
distance from the United States and the
immense difficulties .- atending inland
travel. The article accompanying the
map is from the pen of George B. Hollis
ter of the United States geological sur
vey. In it he says:
"When it is said that Alaska has one
fifth the area of the whole United States,
one begins to have a more intelligent con
ception of its size, for in a general way
the average American readily forms a
fairly accurate mental picture of the
broad size relations of his country. But
so great is the extent of' the United
States and so difficult is it to judge ac
curately of the relations of geographical
measurements, that even this is not a sat
isfactory comparison. Fo r this reason
our practical knowledge would ' not be
much benefited were it stated that the
area of Alaska is equal to' that of three
and one-quarter Californias, or ten Iowas,
or .one hundred and twenty-seven and
orie-half Connecticuts. Bu t if it were
possible to ake the whole territory of
Alaska and its adjoining islands and place
Every mother feels *
great dread of the pain
and danger attendant upon
the most critical- period
of her life. Becoming
Photo by Journal Staff Photographer,
eminent i must sen^d ordinary messages despondency, "the blues," sleeplessness,fand nervous irritability o
SfV^ cents a word and government and press
mesages at not more than 6 cents a word.
Less Expensive Than Cable.'
"In time the rate will probably be low
ered so that it will be no more costly to
send a message from N ew York to Lon
don than it now is to send the same
message from N ew York to Philadelphia.
It is easy to see that under such cir
cumstances thousands and thousands of aches. I read one o i your books, and finding1
nonsecret messages will pass between Eu- ficial effects of Lydia E . Pinkham's "Vegetable Compound, ezwri-
rope and America. enced by lady sufferers, I commenced its use and am happy to state that after
"But we can guarantee secrecy. It must using* a few bottles'I'feel like anew woman, ach es and pai ns all gone,
not be forgotten that since we have been . j
r^ n^w-^A^Mhtf^t^r mf^rlw 7OVL
Glace Bay to Poldhu, neither our wireless Sx~ ~~ JLi, ~^A r *.-' - J. 11 J - n -r A I , n
stations at Penzance and Nantucket nor done so much godd, I trust all-suffering'women will use your Vegetable Com-
the twenty-one ships w^th wireless appa- pound."MBS. JVfeopi! TlETZ, 620 First Are., Eau Claire, Wis. (May 28, 1901).
ratus plying the Atlantic, have been dis
turbed by these messages. Nothing will relieve this distressing condition s o
Bimd signals unimportant. surely as Lydia E . Pinkham's Vegetable Compoundi t
"The truth is that when an operator of soothes, strengthens, heals and tones up the delicate
^l^^r^^^^^^J^Si femal organism. It is a positive cure for all kinds of
some blind signal due to a mere elemental _ _ = - T^, .. . -i - , ... -. *
disturbance, he is apt to conclude that he female complaintstha t hearing down feeling, back-
has received part of a secret code from a ache, displacement o f the womb, inflammation o f the
^r:LT^t^7ttTS^ oT r ovaries,
messages. t ox which may helwhat p to cause nervous prostration,
"During my experimental work I have
used untuned apparatus a good deal of
the time and it is possible that messages
sennear7by t in thawork t wayon*the , without th slighteso t
attempt or to make secrete
in outsidee . But n time with nervous prostration, backache, sick headache, painful menstru-
trans-Atlantidesire c messages sentthemm fro Glac,
r, . v. i,^ ~. ,
Ba y hav been d up
Earth Currents No Hindrance.
"But how about telegraphing over land?
Are there no earth currents in the way
no complications due to the existing sys
tem of wire telegraphy?" "
"It is as easy to telgraph without wires
over land as over sea. I can send wire
less messages from New York to San
Francisco as,easily as from Glace Bay to
them upon the portion of North America
occupied by the United States, it would
be a simple thing to show exactly yhat
the relations of these great possessions
to our own country are.. Just this, in
effect, ,has been done, as the accompany
ing illustration shows. The chart was
prepared by Alfred H . Brooks, geologist
of the United States geological survey,- in
charge of the. government work of ex -
ploration and geological investigation of
the territory, who has drawn upon the
map of the United States an outline of
Alaska. The scale used m both instances
is the same, and the result is -most in
In the map Point Barrows falls on.the
Canadian border, while Mount St. Ellas is
on the Ohio river. The strip on which
Sitka and Juneau lie extends to the 'At-
lantio coast at Georgia, while the Nome
district Is in South Dakota and the
Aleutian group reaches to the Pacific at
Los Angeles. - *
d u That was
THE OLD FTB.EFLACE.
Sullen the shadows lie, indexed by flashes
of leaping light that bathed them, and dead -
Are the embers nowdead, an e'en their ashes -
To the four hungry winds were long since^led.
Is this the ancient hearth, the sacred altar
Of home so hallowed in the days of'bid?"
Ah, well may memory faint and fancy fairer
And Hps press dumbly to the stones' so 'cold! . '
Here is the groove, worn by the constant rocking
Of mother's chair in days of long ago.
And , there the peg where hung the Christmas
-Knit by her tireless hand from heel to toe.
Closed is the fireplace-now, and all its olden -
Belored votaries departed sealed
The glowing gateway, thro' which vistas,golden
To widening eyes of childhood were revealed.
Sealed Is the'magic portal, thro' which stream
Youth viewed the glory of a coming dawn.
The while the failing eyes of age saw gleaming.
The lingering glory of a sunset gone.
Ah, wondrous gateway! rare, celestial portal!
Thro' which, at length, eyes dim with grief
The wife and mother, sainted and immortal,
With every doubt and mystery dispelled.
Still on the hearth, before the empty altar
Of home, so hallowed in the days of old,
Hope wakes again, and faith, that cannot falter,
Kneels prayerfully to kiss the atones.so cold..
' * E. O. Laughlin in youth's Companion.,
v WOT/LD BE LIKE OTHEES.'*.
~~&, . '':\Sd
i Washington Star. v X-' "v&" *
"What would yon do if yon had * million dol-
lars?" , ,
"Oh," - answered the philosophic- citisen, "I
.be.like,thedrest worth a~ million I' probably - worry myselI f
into dyspepsia trying to make it a billion."- -,.*-.
t "TSJftJL women arise from some derangemen t o the organism whic makes
of.humanity. , If
The Ills of Women Act upon the
Nerves like a Firebrand.
-The relation of woman's nerves and generative organs is very
dose consequently nine tenths of the nervous
he r a womaI L
Vegetable Compound will quickly relieve all this trouble.
"DEAB MRS. PINKHAM: I have been ailing from female trouble for
the past fire years. About a month- ago I was taken with nervous prostra-
tion, accompanied at certain times before menstruation with fearful head-
Mrs. Pinkham invites all women to write to her
for advice. You need not be* afraid to tell her the
things you could not explain to the doctoryour let-
ter will be seen only by women and is absolutely con-
fidential. Mrs. Pinkham's vast experience with such
troubled enables her to'tell you just what is best for
you, and she will charge you nothing for her advice.
Herein we prove Conclusively that Lydia E . Pinl^iam'a
Details of a Severe Case Cured in Eau Claire, Wis..
- t't S . ** ll*-T '.-.
AnotherCMf e af Nervous Prostration Cured.
f " DEAR MBS. PrHKHAM : Allow me to express to you the benefit I have
derived from taking t^ydia E. Pinkham's VegetaWle Compound. Before
I started to take it J, was on the verge of nervous prostration. Could
not sleep nights, and I suffered dreadfully from indigeston and headache. I
heard of Lydia E. Pinkham's wonderful medicine, and began its use, which
immediately restored my health. * '
"I can heartily recommend it to all suffering women."MBS. BERTHA.
E. DEIBKE*8, 253* Lapidge St., San Francisco, Cal. (May 21, 1901.)
recommending your medicine to many of my friends, and I assure
J hearty thanks for your valuab le preparation which has
T ... 'Vis - . . -. . ,. . - ,...
d isinvaluable durin
* DEAB MKS. PICTKHAM : I will write you a few lines to let you know of
the benefit I have received from taking your remedies. I suffered for a long
( ation, pain in the stomach after eating, and constipation. I often thought I
wou i a j os e m
Compound and was soon feeling like new woman. I cannot o
highly. It does all that it is recommended to do, and more.
" I hope that every one who suffers as 1 did will give Lydia E. Pinkham's
remedies a trial." MBS. MABIE DAY, Eleanora, Pa. (March 25,1901.)
Free Medical Advice to Women.
y m i n j. i began to takea iLydia E. Pinkham's "Vegetabletotipraise
FORFEIT f tre cannot forthwith produce the original letters and signatures of
above testimonials, which will prove their absolute genuineness.
Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn, HBM.
'"THE BLAZED TRAIL'
is a masculine book it is for
its robustness, its fine pictures
of the 'Lumber Jack/ its glo
rious toil in the battle with
imperious nature, that it
has a right to certain success/'
So says the Brooklyn Eagle*
We can only add that the
book has proved its quality
by reaching the eleventh edition.
Mrs.g Rae says
many testimonials of the lene
f Carry a fall and oom
plete lute of feoi
specialties. We sell
large quantities and
thej are always fraso
' MRS. CHARLOTTE ALEXANDER. Omer. Mich.,
writes: "I have suffered with Rheumatism for over
fifty years. When I sent to you for a bottle of "6-DROPS"
I had been unable for four months to dress or undress
myself alone. I used one bottle of your remedy and
felt better. The second bottle I used stopped all the
pain. Three bottles of "SIMM" cured me.
MRS. MARY WELCHER. Bristow, Iowa, writes:
'When I received your "5-DMPI" I was suffering great
agony with Inflammatory Rheumatism. I could hardly
walk or stand on my feet. After using "6-0R0PS" I am
MARGARET. GATEWOOD. Mt. Pleasant, Pa..
writes: "For two years I had been suffering with
Rheumatism in the lee and no medicine did it any good.
After using two bottles of "5-DROPS" I find that the pain
is all gone."
Swanson's "6-DROPS" is the only positive cure
for Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago and Neural
gia. It is an internal and external remedy. Ap -
plied externally it stops all aches and pains as if
by magic. Taken internally it cleanses the blood
of the poisonous acids which cause the disease
and thereby makes a permanent cure. All dis
eases of the blood, nerves and muscles can be
cured by the use of "5-DROPS."
"5-DRQPS" CURES KIDNEY TROUBLE AND LIVER COMPLAINT.
Swanson's "5-DROPS" is the most effectual remedy ever discovered for Kidney
Trouble and Liver Complaint. A single dose will give immediate results. It goe
direct to the spot. It keeps the liver-cells properly at work. I t restores the
kidneys to their normal condition by removing the acids which are the cause of the
trouble. ' It is the best blood purifier in the world.
FOR COUGHS, COLDS AND LA GRIPPE USE "5-DROPS/*
By taking it at bedtime and in the morning before bf eakfast it will relieve a&
cure the most severe cough. It will break up a cold quicker than any other medicine.
It cures LaGrippe by destroying the germs which cause that disease. "5-DROPS**
gives early relief and permanently cures Catarrh and Asthma.
other injurious drugs. If "5-DROPS"
is not obtainable in your locality order
direct from us and we will send it pre
paid on receipt of price, $1.00 per bottle.
Large Size Bottle (300 Doses $1.00.) For
Sale by Druggists.
Ask your druggist for the Swansea Pill, -
sure cure for constipation, Price 28 cts.
SWANSON RHEUMATIC CURE CO., 160 LAKE STREET, CHICAGO.
of it there." "Course you do," said I. "She uses BORAX
on wash day and that's good for lawns," I said, "any school
girl knows that." That fixed Russell.
. -'''- beautifully than the strongest washing compound and
""" it is absolutely harmless. , * -
Ponce De Leon's Land of
Easter, whose summer
now reigns, is only thirty
hours away by the
Solid Pullman train via
Chicago & Eastern Illinois
Railroad, Nashville and
Atlanta. Runs on fast
schedule all the way
through. Latest Pullman
ing-room sleepers for St.
Augustine, Tampa and
Thomasville, Ga. Library
observation car and dining
car service clear through.
' '5-DROPS' * is entirely
free from alcohol,
: opiates, salicylates or
r-^jjep Smith bobbed his head over our back
I . fence and said, " Hey." I looked sort
f of unconscious-like and kept mum. *M
ma says your girl doesn't let any grass
grow under her washing, but I see lots
if yon want to see the effect the ordinary washing
'. coijapound ban on clothes, 'wash some of your finer
- lawns and linens with qne of them for awhile. After
1 several washings, you will commence to see fine little
holes in the fabric. They were eaten there by yonr
washing compound. . BORAX cleanses much mora
Ask your grocer for "SO Mole Team Borax" in packages
Leave Dearborn Station
, i :oo p.m. daily, reach Jack
sonville and St. Augustine
earfy next evening.
EASTERN ILLINOIS II. R.
Call on home ticket agent or address
W. H. RICHARDSON
Gen. Pass. Agent, C. & E. I. R. R., Chicago
Toor Fortune Told Free
B Y TH E ZODIA C 3ffi^'
Ins of your life and most Interesting Book on As-
trolocTf K Ton tend the date of your birth and stamp
for retaro postave. Oar reading*- hare made people
happy and full of nope and mcoen. Address
this signature is on every box of the genuine
Laxative Brotno-Quinine Tablets
i the remedy that cures a cold in one day.
LA.WN8 AMD LIKENS
There are substitutes adulterated with soda
Last Monday wuco the clothes were
.. a flapping round in the wind, Russell
Cat at tki. (.uuti.i. AUU sendit
with yournameand address
to S wanson RheumaticCnre
Co., Chicago,*.nd joxx will be
sent a trial bottle of *&-
DROPS" free, postpaid.
Always the Same
Ths Pride of Milwaukee
Send Postal Card for New Brochure
which tells why
BLATZ BEER 18 RIGHT
TONIO FOR THE WEAK
All Druggists or Direct. -
VAL. BLATZ BREWING CO., MILWAUKEE
1316 S. Sixth St. Telephone 20.
A s* jrour druggist
for it. If tie cannot
supply the Marvel,
accept no other, but send
stamp for Illustrated hook
sealed. It gives full par
ticulars and directions invalua
ble to ladies. MABVKl^ C'tX,
Koom 381 Times Bldff, AT. Y .
Best by mail or express to any address, pre
E. H . WEINHOLD, DRUGGIST,
SOS Hleoll et or 'West Hotel DOT*
tore, SOO Hennepin asvSa
We carry a comylete stock. 'Surgical instru
ments, Trusses, Electrio Batteries, AbdominsI
Supporters, Shoulder Braces, Elastic Stockings,
Crutches and everything necessary in the sieM
room. Kail orders promptly filled.
HdT0 lull ored Spots, Aches, Old Sores, Ul
cers in the Mouth, -Hair Falling?- Write for
proofs of permanent cures of worst cases o
poison In 15 In 35 days. Capital $500,000
page book FRISK. No branc4 h offices.
COOK REMEDY CO,,*5
Stops al! Aches
i interested nd tfcosM
about the wooderfol
MARVEL Whirling Spray
The new Syrlase. Injtdton
and Suetfm. BMt- 8
It cleanses Instantly*
e Ttiroat, Pimples, Cepper-Col-
, A Stan
isfaal and Onlr Genuine*
idar d Itemed*, cold far 6 rmmtt
RED and Gold mculllo boxes, seated vitfe.
blue ribbon. Take no other. Refas*
SnbstltBtloBs andImitations. ASkyour
DrnggUt,ornd 4 ceatalastamp*farPar
Ueulara, Teatbaaalals and B**klet
for Ladles, by return Mall. Sold byatt
Dravaiiu. OnJcheator Ckeaaieal O**
Uadteem Senare, PUIJU/U FA. i