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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, January 24, 1903, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1903-01-24/ed-1/seq-4/

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Payable to Th* Journal Printing Co.
Delivered by Iffttt.
One eoor. one month .....16.11
One copy, thro* month* ............. 1.00
One copy, ate month* ........ 8,00
One copy, one year.................. 4.00
Saturday Eve. edition. 80 to S page*. 1.10
Delivered bjr Carrier.
One copy, one week s eent*
One eopy. one month ............St cent*
ingle eopy , ..3 eent*
AN 1NVITA TlONis extended to alt nadirs
ofThe Journal to visit its Press Room, which
is the fmest in the west. The battery of
presses consists of three four-deck Coss
Presses with a iota! capacity of 144,000
eight-page Journals an hour, pnnted, folded
and counted,
The best time to call is jrom 3'.15 to
4:30 p. m.
Inquire.at the business office and be directed
to the txsitors' gallery of the press room.
The Journal, (ux brae* perwoek)
- canted nearly
- -
- COLUMNS mew 4- J
a vtlain* daring 1903 than any
- ottwrMhinaapuO* paper, doily and e
- 9ton4oy !- comMnad. -
m '*-. ----
Average dally circulation of
TJie Journal for Deo., 1902.
Placing Responsibility.
The attention of Journal readers is
respectfully directed to the intensely in
teresting recapitulation of the trust legis
lation situation in Washington given by
Mr. Jermane to-day. According to thi*
account, and we have not the slightest
doubt that it is a substantially faithful
picture of the situation, the president is
struggling manfully to offset by personal
effort the defect of our constitution with
respect to placing responsibility fox legis
lation or lack of legislation. On the other
hand, the trust senators are doing their
best to make all they can of the oppor
tunities our system of government offers
them to bring to pass what they desire,
and at the same time to dodge responsi
bility for the consequences. These sena
tors do not want effective trust legisla
tion neither do they want to see the re
publican party suffer for failure to adopt
such legislation. So they conspire to let
the house pass a heroic anti-trust
measure. "to put the party on
record" while they arrange to escort it to
its death in such a devious way that it
will be hard to say that they or the party
are to blame.
But the president will not stand for any
such miserable dodging and skulking.
He takes the firm ground that the repub
lican party being in control of the ex
ecutive and both arms of the legislative
power fs plainly responsible to the nation
for legislation or Its failure* If an anti
trust law be adopted the republican party
is responsible and will claim the credit
if it is not passed, the republican party is
still responsible, no matter by what dust
throwing devices it strives to avoid re
ponsibillty. This is simple reasoning
that can not be refuted or evaded.
If the present session of congress does
not give us a strong anti-trust law, the
blame will rest on the republican party.
No amount of hide-and-seek with the
bill in the trusty senate will cover up
that fact. What makes the senators mad
is that the president's dally more or less
public insistence on action is publishing
it over and over again to all the world
that trust legislation is right up to the
republican party.
The Wisconsin Central got the lion's
share of Minneapolis flour shipments in
1902. Whistle for the Interstate com
merce commission to come at once.
A Step Forward.
The reserve force proposed under the
militia bill, signed by the president
Wednesday, are militia organizations
who desire to volunteer as such
and men who have had training in
the national guard or in the regular army,
to be registered f6i, five years and be
accepted after the regular volunteer or
ganizations offer their services. A reserve
force of militia simply means that a large
army with good military training and
well officered, is available when more
men are needed.
Under this bill the president can call
for 100,000 organized militia, and the state
organization* will be in touch with the
regular army through joint encampments
and maneuvers. The reserve feature
meet* the deficiency observable in 1898,
when a trained force of 200,000 to 300,000
militia, ready for the field, was needed.
The passage of the military bill by con
gress shows that the specter of "mili
tarism," raised by an element who affect
to believe that the necessity for the em
ployment of soldier* for the national de
fense has passed away, has not fright
ened a preponderating percentage of the
American people. The number of persons
who denounce the national guard as a
"menace to our liberties" is comparative
ly small. A few labor unions out of the
, many organized have expressed deter
mined hostility toward militia organiza-
- tions, but this sentiment has limited
' 'Vogue.'"'"- - 1 "-' ' ""' ''.'":- V--''
There are not a few Americans, how-
v ever, who, while approving of militia or-
) sanitations, would restrict the power of
% jfthe government over and connection with
Iplt. Many of the "fathers" took,this view.
I^'Read Robertson's debate* in the Virginia
^convention ojf 1788 on the mtfitia, section [ would get back again.* Mr, DwinneU'BJ the hands of a faithful and enterprising
Any edvertimr
tan prove the.
- -
iS^^^^^S^ii^MI^S^& - & M . - . . . -
The Outdoor Recreation League of New York is a good
example of what a hard working, earnest organization, with
a good and definite plan, can accomplish. This organization
was formed about five years ago* but the idea of providing
public playground* date* back to 1891 when the New York
Society for Park* and Playgrounds for Children, at the head
of which was the Rev. Charles B. Stover, fitted out a public
playground on some unuaed private property and maintained
it for several years until the.-property was built upon. Later
this organization Joined with an athletic organization with
practically the same purpose to establish the recreation
In 189S the league got permission to establish a play
ground in Seward Park, then Just created, but not improved.
The city was persuaded to spend $12,000 in leveling and
fencing in the, property. An unsuccessful effort was made to
have the park board equip the playground with athletic ap
paratus, but the board did agree that if the league should
equip it, the board, when It got around to improve the park,
of the federal constitution. There is some
very interesting matter there. Madison
and others flatly opposed a regular army
organization and championed entire de
pendence in every emergency upon the
militia of what he called the "co|equal
sovereignties." Experience on theocca
tlons of the war of 18l2, the Mexican
war, the War for the union and the Span
ish war ha* demonstrated the wisdom of
the fathers" in providing for a regular
army and authorizing the president to
call out the militia. Congress erred in
not making provision for a scientifically
organized militia. The present militia bill
is the first effort to effect such definite
organization of the militia, which, in case
of sudden war, will be called upon for
defensive action to repel invasion and fur
nish, at once, competent garrisons for our
seaooast defense* along our whole littoral,
and be able to handle heavy guns in
coast defense and improved artillery land
small arms for usual military 'service*, as
auxiliary to the 60,000 regular army1
mum authorized force.
Over a century ago congress recognized
the necessity for a militia force, which
could be called out by the president, in the
eighth section of the constitution. Con
gress was given power to provide for or
ganizing, arming and disciplining such of
the militia as might be in the service of
the United States. The present bill, based
on the constitutional provision, assumes
correctly that the oversight of militia in
federal service may legitimately be ex
tended to the whole body of militia in
the way of preparing them in training
and equipment for the national defense.
The Rev. G. L. Morrill is planning a
chinch for those who don't go to church.
We think there are several such churches
in Minneapolis already.
Slight Editorial Disagreements.
With all its sins committed since our
contemporary emerged from its side, The
Journal never printed an editorial two
page* long, which is what the Commer
cial West does to-day in answer to a
quarter of a column in The Journal.
In passing, let it be said in answer to
the Commercial West's charge that since
the editor of that paper left TheJo ur
nal this paper has taken to suppressing
the news, that the Commercial West has
facilities for making things public and
that If It thinks The Journal has
omitted something which ought to be
printed, it has the facilities for publicity.
We are unable even to surmise what this
suppressed sensation is, but assume that
it must be "hot stuff."
Our contemporary, who, by the way,
shall not outdo us In protestation* of per
sonal friendship and good will, which, of
course, has nothing to do with some
slight differences of editorial opinion,
criticizes Governor Van Sant for making
his merger policy a political issue. Why,
bless your soul, dear C. W., Governor Van
Sant could not help it. Mr. Hill made
the merger a political Issue six months
before the campaign began. That the
merger entered so largely into the last
campaign was made necessary by Mr.
Hill. Suppose Mr. Hill, when served with
notice of suit, had said: "Governor Van
Sant, you are perfectly right in the posi
tion you have taken 1 do not think the
Northern Securities company is a viola
tion of the state law, but I have no quar
rel with, you as to the proper view of
your official duty. If you think the law is
violated it is your duty to enforce it. We
will prosecute this undertaking no fur
ther until the courts have' determined
whether or not the merging of the** two
roads into a third corporation* i or is not
in violation of the state law. And we "will
do everything we can to bring this mat
ter to a speedy settlement." If Mr. Hill
had taken that course how much of a
political issue could Governor Van Sant
have made out of the merger? It is
hardly necessary to add that Mr. Hill did
not take that course.
As for the governor's activity in the
speakership contest, the Commercial West
Is entitled to its view of the propriety
of the governor's action, but it must con
cede the same freedom of opinion to those
who believe that under the circumstances
the governor would have been recreant
to his duty if he had not taken the posi
tion which he assumed.. There is. cer
tainly some support for this viow in the
fact that the governor'* action compelled
such unequivocal and numerous pledges
of support of administration measures
that it is difficult to see how the speaker
elect and those responsible for his elec
tion can now fail to give their cordial
support in the house.
And as for the election of a democratic
governor in Minnesota, it surprises us to
have it suggested that such a result would
be disapproved by the Commercial West
when we recall the activity of the merger
during the last campaign in support of
a democratic candidate
And now as to the drainage matter.
The Commercial West declines to apolo
gize to the governor because he did not
spread his remarks over more space. He
asked for "a suitable appropriation" for
the "vigorous prosecution" of the drain
age work. In view of the sensitiveness
of our contemporary to danger of dicta
tion by the governor to the legislature,
what more would it have? , .
Hon. W. S. Dwlnnell makes a good sug
gestion as to the basis, of distribution of
state money to high schools entitled to
state aid. Even on the basis of attend
ance Hennepin county would contribute
several times as much as . her schools
Public Playgrounds in New YorkThe Oity Afoout to Spend $250,000 on Them.
proposition, however, is fair and right
and should be adopted.
Good Advice for Canadians.
Mr. J. J. Hill has, by the agency of
the Toronto World, been drawn into the
controversy now raging in Canada re
garding the subsidizing of the Grand
Trunk Pacific railway, the proposed new
transcontinental line. The Grand Trunk
transcontinental promoters have stated
from the first that they could not think
of building a line across Canada two or
three hundred miles north of the Cana
dian Pacific, where there are not now
100,000 people from ocean to ocean, with
out a subsidy. The precise amount of as
sistance required has not been officially
announced, but it has been given at all
the Way from $25,000,000 to $100,000,000,
with land grants thrown In.
To a representative of the Toronto
World, dispatched to St. Paul to inter
view him, Mr. Hill conslsely said in part:
I may say as an original proposition
that a railroad that requires a govern
ment subsidy to build is not required by
the country.
The age of railroad promotion, when
subsidies were necessary for the construc
tion of transcontinental lines, has passed,
never to return to Canada or the United
Government aid is usually tainted with
such conditions that the grant becomes
a genuine hardship when viewed from a
practical standpoint.
It is my judment that another railroad
across Canada will not pay to-day. The
business is not there. When it is, sub
sidies will not be necessary to induce
railroads to enter the country.
Canada has practically two transcon
tinental lines for 5.000.000 people, and that
is one for each two and a half million
people, while the states have but one line
for each 14,000,000 of population.
General Manager Hays of the Grand
Trunk retorts that Mr. Hill's statement
that a Canadian transcontinental can
not be profitably built now is right, and
that that is precisely why his company
is asking for a subsidy from the Dominion
government. He also intimates that Mr.
Hill is doing all he can to hold the traf
fic of the Canadian west for the Canadian
Pacific, with which, he intimates, Mr. Hill
has a very close understanding.
Whether Mr. Hill's advice to the Cana
dians : is altogether disingenuouss or not,
It is good advice,'
mistake if they
anachronism for either Canada or . the
United States, at this late date, to spend
good money in promoting the building of
railways that will be built by private?
capital, and gladly, whenever they are.
needed. Canada is well loaded up with
subsidies already. It is time for its gov
ernment to begin to cut down rather than
expand subsidies. In the report of the
minister of railways and canals there are
pages given up to a mere listing of subn
sidized companies, each of which is still
drawing its pap from the national treasr
ury. This little nation of 5,000,000 people
has already spent some $80,000,000 in sub
sidies, to say nothing of land grants, fed
eral and provincial, great and small, from
some 25,000,000 acres to the Canadian Pa
cific and dependent companies down the
line to much smaller grants. With the
extension- of the Canadian Northern to
the Pacific coast independently of the
Grand Trunk, there Is absolutely no ex
cuse for the construction of the latter
The building of a line from eastern Can*
ada to connect with the Canadian North
ern at Port Arthur is a different matter.
If the Canadian parliament votes to
subsidize the Grand Trunk, it will be be
cause the subsidy habit has become irreT"
sistible in Canada, and because the vanr
ity of the people has. been vastly tickled
by the idea of another railway line across
the continent two to five hundred miles
north of the boundary.
Something is always happening to rej
mind the northwest of the existence of
the "Soo" road for example there is that
hard coal coup d5etat.
Assist Northern Minnesota.
The people of the northern part of
Minnesota are desirious that the state
should assist in encouraging immigration
into that region. They assert that the
extensive advertising other parts of 'the
country and Canada are receiving is
diverting attention from the opportunities
northern Minnesota holds out to new
comers. The result is that the sparsely
inhabited portion of a great state haying
about 2,000,000 people is not being set
tled so rapidly as it should be or so rap
idly as best to serve the interests of the
state. .
There is no little merit, in this argu
ment, though northern ' Minensota has
been very extensively advertised of late
in the advertising, news and editorial
columns of the Minnesota papers. What
is now needed is advertising throughout
the country, advertising and solicitation,
so that northern Minnesota may get its
fair share of the great population move
Minneapolis should co-operate with the
people of the northern Minnesota in se
curing state aid in this matter. Most of
this region is wlthn 250 mles "of Minne
apolis, and one settler in it is worth more
to the city than a dozen in the' Pacific
northwest or i!hree score in theCanadiah
west. The future growth and prosperity
of the city depend- in no small way upon
the extent to which northern Minnesota
is populated and utilized. It has certain
distinct advantages over many of its more
noisy rivals for the favor of the home
seeker. A modest appropriation placed in
,e r a-singenuou or ox, .
which had been made by tearing down old buildings, would -
put in a gymnasiuni. The league spent $1,600 On equipment
and has since spent $050 a month to keep up this and two
other playgrounds, ! The place had in its unused condition
been a sort of public garbage dumping* ground, and con
tinued to be, to some extent, even after the playground was
established, but thljs abuse was soon stopped voluntarily.
. The rush, when! the grounds were opened, June 3, 1898,
was something terrible. About 30,000 people turned out to
see the athletic exhibition given by famous athletes. When
the grounds were thrown open to the public next day, 15,000
people swarmed in, and the confusion was great. At first lit
tle attempt was made to preserve order, but the people who
wished to use the apparatus soon formed a* public opinion
that supported rules and regulations. Now only one police
man is required to [ maintain order, and the playground has
proved such a public benefit that the city is preparing to
spend $250,000 for such playgrounds in various parts of
New York. .
and they WW makse no supposabTetSltw\are* not going to liquid
- follow
!it: - * It
-i, - s.
: i an |
f ^r'*'fr^i^*
off icer-would be of-great service in stop
ping in Minnesota many of the tens of
thousands of movers that annually, cross
the state. ." ,
J. J. Hill tells the Canadian high pro
tectionists that their policy is a delusion,
but declares that Canada will prosper
under any system. On this staement
there is no chance for Mr. Hill to be
branded a false prophet.
The Week in Business.
Some of the English writers on cur
rent economic questions have been send
ing over a little advice (hi week to their
brethren on the American side. They
have been telling our finaciers, through
the columns of eastern financial publica
tions, what should be done to insure the
maintenance of conditions of prosperous
activity in our country. JVith the cock
sureness so characteristic of the British
mind, they have, taken in the American
situation in one long, broad sweep, and
are prompt to come down with criticisms,
putting emphasis upon every defective
point. With the criticism they hand out
the remedy.
Plainly biased in some of their views,
and too quick to apprehend danger where
no real danger exists, there is neverthe
less much of truth and a great deal of in
terest in what they say. It would be
absurd to suppose that these foreign ob
servers are more argus-eyed than their
co-laborers on our side that they are
any more capable of detecting danger or
more competent to provide remedies. Yet
if the great Scotch poet prayed for the
gift to "see oursel's as ithers see us,"
the American business man should be glad
to know how conditions that surround
him appear to a critical observer looking
from the outside.. Stripped of all bias
and unnecessary verbiage, the foreign ar
guments leave one general conclusion.
America is in debt. If she is to continue
her present rate of expansion she must
begin to get out of debt. She must pay
up or there will be trouble for her later.
There is no getting away from the fact
that this country- is Indebted "abroad to
a considerableo extent. There bie
V"'*- -
to thta t cause unea%esawoulde wer t
has based his strongest argument upon'
estimates of our indebtedness drawn from
figures recently made public but repre
senting results of business done some
months earlier. While this observer,
following after the published statistics,
was making his unfavorable deductions,
the turn In the tide has already begun.
We are paying off what we owe abroad
directly and indirectly. Since the new
year came in a feature every week has
been an increase in exports of cereals and
agricultural products, and in cereals
especially we stand to do a heavy for
eign business from now on, although the.
present bull speculation in grains, If
overdone, may carry prices temporarily
out of line for export sales.
We had a good year in 1902 and have
made the start for another good year.
Whatever the foreigner may think of the
outlook here for capital, he must concede
that this is still the poor man's country.
For the working man the prospect is bet
ter than at the start a year ago. There is
no reason to believe that there will be any
lessened ..demand for labor, while wages
are fully up'to la^t year, and In many In
stances higher than a year ago. And
there is e\rery
cline in the general cost of living. Had
last year been a period of low wages and
less steady employment, coupled with the
high commodity prices that ruled, the
consumer would have been crushed.
Much interest is already being shown
in the matter of the probable course of the
money market during the spring and sum
mer. It is thought that land speculation
In the west will be an important factor.
Much Western money has been tied up in
lands. Heavy Investments have, been
made and many payments on contracts
will be due March 1. Renewals of loans
and the financing of new western land
deals'may keep some money In the west
that would otherwise drift Into eastern
financial centers for employment. It is a
long look ahead, to next fall, and opinions
at,this time are riot worth much, yet it is
interesting to note that there are many
who look for a repetition then in an ag
gravated form, of the money stringency
of last fall, unless congress gives us a new
currency law. With this there is the
possibility of an extra session of congress
as a disturbing factor. The business
world having taken a passive Interest in
the workings of congress for several years,
finds it advisable to watch proceedings
closer now that anti-trust legislation is
up, and tariff revision sentiment is gain
The demand for merchandise in general
Is reported heavy and fully up to expecta
tions., i The securities markets have been
without special new feature. The north
west had a good week and trade in Min
neapolis was active. '?":
A sharp, advance in wheat has carried
Minneapolis and Chicago put of line, and
where the May option had been steady at
the same figure In, both/markets, Chicago
haV taken a level - about 3 cents over.
There are many things
ply, situation, to warrant higher, prices and
Minneapolis was the first market to
stajrt up on the present bull market. But
the gains of this week were due not so
much to legitimate conditions as to the
belief that prices are being manipulated
by the powerful'Armour interest of Chi-
0 f British observer
prospect for a material de-
m the wheat sup-
cago. Thl* makes the future course of
the market too uncertain for opinions
based on supply and demand conditions to
carry much weight.
The Mexican idea -of establishing^ cur
rency system uniform and interchange
able with that offt United States is a
good one. It is a step toward a sort of
freer trade that has nothing to do with
taria regulations. The Canadian system
Is practically interchangeable with ours
now, in all the border states and
throughout Canada. ,
Germany and Venezuela.
The extraordinary method Germany has
adopted to secure a settlement with Vene
zuela, after agreeing to refer the matter
to The Hague arbitration tribunal, viz.,
by bombarding and destroying property
in the republic and impoverishing the-peo
ple, justifies the suspicion that the kaiser
has the purpose of testing the fealty of
the United States to the Monroe doc
President Castro has consented that the
customs, maritime and inland, of Vene
zuela shall be pledged as security for the
execution of any award which the ar
bitration tribunal may make to the three
powers who are seeking a settlement of
their claims. It would not be diiffcult to
make this pledge good and arrange for
the setting apart of a percentage of the
customs revenues, which in peaceful times
aggregate about $13,000,000, for the liquid
ation of the debts due the powers.
Pending such drain on the revenues,
the government of Venezuela would, of
course, have to practice some rigid
economy and cut down governmental ex
penses, as other governments usually do
in certain contingencies. The allies have
already captured Venezuelan assets in
the shape of ships and cargoes and many
thousands of dollars in specie, but Ger
many has continued, even after assent
ing to negotiations looking to a settle
ment, to use her navy destructively
against the Venezuelan coast. Blockade
and bombardment and destruction of
property do not pay debts. They only
exasperate and antagonize. Great Brit
ain has stopped her aggressive acts, which
have been antagonized in England, where
the alliance with Germany has been con
demned, even by government supporters
like the London Mail, and is manifestly
distasteful to the people. Lord Rose
bery, in a recent speech, reminded his
audience of the occasion when England
joined France and Spain in a debt-col
lecting expedition against Mexico in 1861,
and had to withdraw because she found
France had the ulterior purpose of seiz
ing Mexico, which England knew would
be resented by the United States as a vio
lation Of the Monroe doctrine. France
went fatuously ahead and set up an im
perlum, which ended soon in the Max
imilian tragedy and through the warn
ing Louis Napoleon received from our
government, which had adready given
Benito Juarez to understand that his
patriotic movement against the invaders
from France would have American sup
port. :'
If the German emperor is really testing
American fealty to the policy which drove
France out of Mexico and has
years prevented the parcelling out of Cen
tral and South America by the royal and
imperial land grabbers of Europe, he need
ottiy go a little further and proceed to
appropriate territory in South or Central
America to see where this nation stands.
He may note that, at the meeting of the
senate committee on interoceanic canals
yesterday, the sentiment of the members
on the signing of the isthmian canal
treaty was that the treaty would jstand
as a notice to Europe that the United
States proposes to continue to assert its
leadership and wardenship of republican
government on this hemisphere. When
Brazil, some years ago, deposed the house
of Bragazza and abolished the empire of
which Pedro II. was the head, she imme
diately fell in line with the republics of
this hemisphere which is consecrated to
the breeding of republican principles.
When the Cubans organized an infant
republic and engaged in a life and death
struggle with the hoary despotism of
Spain, which cruelly oppessed them, the
American nation rose and liberated them
from the hand of the oppressor. AVilliam,
although an emperor, has much to learn.
Experientia docet stultoseven fools
learn by experience.
The St. Cloud Journal-Press agrees with
The Journal that insane asylum
patients should not be objects of public
charity unless they are really without
means of their own or relatives capable
of supporting them. , The Journal-Press
then goes on to advocate the permission
of voluntary commitment to insane hos
pitals and the doing away with the
present judicial inquisition as to the in
sanity of an applicant for admission. The
argument Is that the.-. present process of
commitment tends to put an insane person
on a par with a criminal and is such a
nerve-wracking process that it often de
stroys the last hope of restoration of
reason. There is much in this contention,
but.it seems to us that there ought to be
some process of commitment, as gentle
and inoffensive as possible, that would
make it difficult for a sane person to be
Sioux Falls Press.
A story from Minneapolis runs to the
effect that burglars entered the residence
of: a Mrs. Adelaide Anderson and carried
off 400 pounds of anthracite coal. Noth
ing else in the house was disturbed,
though jewelry and plate In abundance
was exposed. This relation of an actual
occurrence beat* all the jokes of the para
graphers, who Will now cease to be funny
on the anthracite subject.
I'll talk ot a sight
That gives me delight
Not stars of the night.
But "Dear Anthra-Cite."
I managed to raise
Which is rare now-days
Deserving of praise^
Enough for a blaze.
By hunting around, *
A ton I thus found, \
Just dug from the groundr
Jet black and all sound.
It's home, in the bin.
I see it and grin,
And think it no sin
I gathered it in.
I'm nervous with fright
All ready to fight,
Protecting my right
From thieves in the night, r
To "Dear Anthra-Cite."
,. ....
,kJ . Frank G- O'Brien.
JANUARY 24, 1903.
i.............. - niiiiiiiiimam-M|
The Nonpareil Man g Books and Authors
Casually Observed.
Clara Morrjs is suffering nervous col-,
lapse. That's what we had when we saw
her act.
If only Julian Ralph could write an au
thentic sketch of what he has found
there It would be one of the most widely
read articles of the year.
A paragraphers' union is being organ-^
ized with headquarters at Baltimore. This
column is after a 250-year franchise to
supply the northwest with bottled para
Lord Kelvin says that the coal will be
exhausted in 400 years. Four hundred
years!! By the look of our bin, we should
say 400 minutes!
Professor Matthews of Chicago univer
sity haB come around In the classroom
to that season of the year's work when he
Is obliged to confess that everybody,
whatever his moral status and predilec
tions, manufactures and carries alcohol
in his system. That may Indeed be true,
but it is no excuse for the alleged man
who attempts to carry around in his
system at one time or another all the
alcohol there is. Some men make a gal
lant struggle to achieve this distinction.
If Mr. Young is given a.site in Loring
park for his marble building to hold his
collection of autographs, it is contended
that Mr. Savage should be given a site
for a marble stable to hold his matchless
collection of hossflesh called Dan Patch,
with a $175,000 life insurance policy on
Mark Twain has just thrown a very
vigorous literary handspring because he
says the Christian Scientists charge too
much for their bocks. If the Scientists
had control of the government and forced
their literature on Mr. Clemmens at the
hands of a Science board of health he
might indeed have cause to feel hurt,
possibly even to shoulder a musket. At
present, however, he does not have to
buy the books and it Is difficult to see
wherein he can be suffering acutely,
especially when he sees the despised sect
so confortable and happy.
Nobody knows exactly what a train
wreck is until he has been In a few of
them. People sit quietly in their libraries
with their daily papers and remark:
"Hello, another wreck on the Geewhlzzle
& Southwestern line. Two men killed.
Lucky it's no worse." And that is all
they think about it.
For the people on board the train the
incident with its accompanying shock
and fright, even if they are not physical
ly hurt themselves, may be an epoch
making event. The train is running
smoothly along at forty to fifty miles an
hour. People are eating, talking, laugh
ing, reading or resting quietly in their
berths or seats, when"bang!" and
everything becomes confused and un
steady. There is an awful grinding roar,
the lights are out in an instant and the
air is full of crashing, shrieking sound?-,
more terrifying than the wildest noise of
battle, a thousand times more terrifying,
because all is unknown and they only
perceive dimly that they are being thrown
hither and thither without knowing what
the next second may bring. Lucky in
deed are those people whose car is not
"telescoped," or who are not pinned down
under the wreckage with the flames
creeping rapidly towards them. People
are spoken of in the newspaper accounts
as suffering from "shock." This intense
subconscious fright may indeed be a se
rious matter unless it is wiped from the
tablets of the mind. After Charles Dick
ens was in the train wreck in 1865 in
which "Mr. arid Mrs. Boffin in manu
script dress" figured, he was said at
times to suffer severely from the recur
rence of the subconscious fear, and it is
stated that it finally caused his death, or,
at any rate, reappeared in the last mo
ments of his life.
When there is a -train wreck- oh~ the
Schedule, let us pray that we mar be
traveling across the country in our auto
mobile. It may not be quite so quick, but
at least there is half a chance to jump.
Money for High Schools.
To the Editor of The Journal. '
Permit me to call attention to
the bill introduced by Senator Thomp
son increasing the annual state ap
propriation to high schools from $1,000
to $1,600. The general public not familiar
with the status of this fund, will assume,
as did your reporter, that this is bene
ficial to Hennepin county. Such, how
ever, is not the case. It is thought that
this year the number of high schools en
titled to state aid will be increased to 160.
An appropriation of $1,600 per school
would aggregate $256,000. which amount
is paid from the general fund. This coun
ty, as is well known, pays about one
fifth of the taxes of the state, and there
fore one-fifth of this fund, or about
$60,000. There are five high schools in the
country, so that under the proposed in
creased appropriation there would be re
turned to us $8,000. I do not question the
advisability of aiding high schools, but
the amount of aid received, in order to
be equitable, should be based upon the
high school attendance. The existing plan
is manifestly unfair and will not be urged
by one who is so fair-minded as Sena
tor Thompson. If it is proposed to in
crease the appropriation there should be
some other basis of distribution. Yours
very truly,
Aberdeen (S. D.) News.
If the South Dakota legislature passes
the bill to appropriate $5,000 for a silver
service for the cruiser South Dakota, the
same is to be made of silver from the
Black Hills and lined with gold taken
from the same l-egion, it will not only be
a graceful act, but a splendid advertise
ment for the mining resources of the
Sioux City Tribune:
A machine for measuring mental fa
tigue is going to be exhibited in this
country. Unless properly adjusted for a
strain, it might be shattered if tried on
a man Who has been buying, coal this
Des Moines Register and Leader.
It will seem like the good old times
again when Patti comes for her farewell
Dear me, old friend, how time does fly!
. I see you with a baby carriage
And think of days when you. and I
.Deliberated love and marriage
Ten years ago who could have told
The sequel to such cogitation.
Or guessed which of us first would hold
One of the second generation?
I mind me how we used to sit
Around the board with pipes, and whisky,
Wont to philosophize, a bit
And trade off stories rather risky - -' -
I mind me of the good cigars
How many we have smoked together!
Beneath the sun, the moon and stars,
Alike in every kind of weather. "
Gone,, gone are those old times, but we.
We still among the living tarry
And life's prescription seems to be
Will Shakspere's frequent dose, "Ay,
So here's a health to her and you
Companions live until you gray be! -
And here's another, .just.as true- .
Congratulations to the baby!
' - - Felix Carmen in Life.
W. S. Dwinnell
Mrs. Meyer contributes a querulous pa*
per to The Critic on "The Previousness
of Periodicals." She seriously objects to
the appearance of November magazines
with Thanksgh ing illustrations and texts
shortly after the
middle of October.
The same ,as to
Christmas. The en
terprising publisher
contrives to get a.
week or two ahead.
Mrs. Meyer wants a,
background and ob
jects to being forced
to read stories from
a month to six weeks
before the proper
background can pos
sibly be created. She
does not think the
plea that distant
subscribers must be
protected a valid one. Those in proximity,
to the base of supplies should not be made
to suffer through the disposition to previ
ousness. Yet, the publisher who Isn't thus,
previous would be distanced by competi
tors, for there is sharp competition be
tween the publications. Sometimes two
or three of them contain articles on the
same subject by different authors, ob
tained and produced at large expense.
Earlv in the market is the word, and it
is obviously a necessity for the public is
critical of delinquencies. If Mrs. Meyer
wants up-to-date matter sh* must stick
to the daily newspapers, especially the
evening newspapers. As is well known,
they may frequently be charged with
previousness, for, by reason of the dif
ference in time in different longitudes, a
newspaper will record an event somewhera
in the world before it happens.
The monthly magazine always labors
under the disadvantage, if it professes to
chronicle woi-ld's events, of being very
far behind them. Its record has to b
cut off short in the middle of the preced
ing month.
JOHN GILDART. By"M. E. Henry-Knfflin. New
York: William II. Young & Co., 27 Barclay
Mrs. Ruffin is a Virginia lady who ha*
some true poetry in her soul. Her theme
is war and its horrors and griefs. Gildart,
a happily married Virginia farmer, when
Virginia secedes, tears himself from wife
and child and enlists in the confederate
cause and fights valiantly at the fore
front in many battles. Learning that tho
trail of war has swept over his home and
that his family are in sore distress, he
goes at once to them without leave, and
is marked down as a deserter. When ha
returns and tells his story the inexorabla
courtmartial orders him shot as a de
serter and his wife and child arrive to
find his dead body. The author's verse is
very far above the average. She ha*
strong emotion and has power to expres*
it a love of nature and the art to por
tray it in words effectively.
THE LEFT-SIDE MAK. By Margaret Blafce Rob
inson. Author of "Souls in Pawn." Xe*r
York: J. S. OgUtie Publishing company, No.
57 Rose slieet. Price $1.25.
This is a very attractive Irish lova
story, incidentally dealing with the home
rule agitation stimulated by Parnell, and!
disclosing the antagonisms within the lim
its of "the ould sod," which have handi
capped the Irish particularistic ambi
tion. The lo%'e of Cahal Desmond and
Naneen Nolan Is the paramount attrac
tion of the story and the part the ol4
schoolmaster who married them,, adds
much to its beauty and strength,
Naneen was a plucky, splendid girl who
took her chances when she married an
active Irish patriot. They had their doubl
ings and questionings about each other
through the machinations of enemies and
protracted absences, but these all passed
away. A notable portion of the book is
that relating to. Desmond's trip to this
country. . . _ - .- - - ..-
Francis-M. Ware, lllustrsted. Boston: Lit*
tie. Brown k Co. Price $2.
This is a practical handbook for horse
owners by one who lias had thirty years*
experience with horses of all kinds and
grades, and who is well known as the
manager of the American Horse Exchange
In New York. The author begins very
properly with a chapter on horse-buying
and trying- for it takes an expert in horse
flesh to buy a good horse. The advice to
neophytes is excellent. Stable manage
ment and the horse's education are .es-.
sentials well treated, and the chapter on
correct appointment of animal, vehicle
and equipment is eminently sensibje.
Considerable space is devoted to the edu
cation of hunting horses and steeple
chasers, coaching and the management
of hounds, and useful hints are given fo*
the proper riding of women and children.
The illustrations ere from first-class snag
shot photos.
NATIONS OF CANADA. By Cadwallsder Col
den. With Map. Iu two -volumes. Price ?t
per volume. Illustrated. New York: New
Amsterdam Book company.
The author of these volumes was lieu
tenant governor of New York, his ap.
pointment having been made in 1760. II*
was a scholarly man who did much use
ful literary work notwithstanding the
pressure of his public duties. He was con
sidered the best informed man in the col
onies and was one of the great landown
ers of New York. He wrote the work on
the Five Nations, or Iroquois, to show
their importance to the colony of New
York as a barrier against the French and
a means of controlling the west. He used
the valuable sources of information acces
sible to him through his official position,
in preparing the book. The New York
Historical Society has ' possession of
Colden's manuscripts. Colden dedicated
the work to General Oglethorpe. He al
ludes to the savage instincts and acts ol
the Iroquois and says: "What have we
Christians done to make them better? We
have, indeed, reason to be ashamed that
these infidels, by our conversation and
neighborhood, are become worse than
they were before they knew us." This
would well fit into a tract of the Indian
Rights Association of the present time.
The Book Buyer's frontispiece is a photo,
of a bas-relief of the distinguished Ed
ward Everett Hale.
The final volumes of the Templ Bibla
are to be issued soon by Dent of London.
The Scribners announce the early pub
lication of Professor Heilprin's work on
the Martinique catastrophe.
Through the liberality of John Drew.
Harvard University library has been *n-
riched by the valuable collection of the
atrical books and documents, bought from
the estate of the late Robert Lowe of
London. -
The Book Buyer, among Its illustrations,
has a photo of Rudyard Kipling's resi
dence at Bur wash. Sussex, and a group
of cricketers, the central figure of which
is that distinguished author. Quiller*
Couch. "Q" is a lively devotee of ath
Walter L. Sawyer has taken time by
the forelock and has written a novel of
the period of John Wesley and his times,
to meet the demand for Wesley litera
ture, probable because -of the Wesley cel
ebration in June next.
Lord Kitchener is a "literary feller" to
some extent, although his chief implement
is the sword. His reports on the excava
tions of the Palestine Exploration Fund
in 1874-78 are regarded as valuable pro
ductions by archaeologists.
Des Moines Capital.
A South Carolina farmer Invited his
friends and neighbors to take dinner with
him the other day, and then while the
toothpick course was being served, arose
from the table and shot himself in the
presence of his guests. This was certainly
much better than undertaking to Jimtill
manize those who had come to partake of
his hospitality.

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