U. S GRAIN GRADES
Senator McCumber Discusses the
Meed for the Bill He Intro-
. } v duced Monday.
U. Dakota Senator Thinks Abuses
of Present State Inspection
Would Be Corrected.
From Tha Journal Bureau, Room 45, Post Build
Washington, Jan. 24.Senator McCum
ber of ^orth Dakota, in discussing the
bill which he introduced on Monday last
for uniform grain Inspection throughout
the country, said:
"There has been a growing dissatisfac
tion among the producers of wheat, not
only in our own state, but in Minnesota
as well, with the system of grain inspec
tion and grading in the principal cities
to which the wheat is destined. While
the cause for complaint, may be some
what exaggerated, there is no question
but that In many instances it is well
founded, and the feeling is general among
the farmers. For instance, it is claimed
that "there 1B a much greater quantity of
No. 1 Northern wheat sold for consump
tion and transportation abroad at the
great markets than there is of the same
grade taken in at these markets. And
there is probably some truth in this. It
is claimed that wheat purchased as No.
2 northern is mingled with grades of No.
1 northern in say equal quantities, and
the whole sold for No. 1 northern, and
the farmer loses just what the cheaper
grain gains by this mixture.
"Then, too, grain that will grade very
close to No. 1 northern, but which, fail
ing to reach the standard, is sold for
No. 2 northern, brings no better price
to the producer than a lower grade which
barely gets over the line of No. 3 and
lands in the No. 2 bin.
'"But the chief complaint seems to bo
against the improper grading by the In
spector or his deputies. I know of my own
personal knowledge as a shipper of grain,
that there is reasonable cause for ap
prehension on the part of any producer
of grain that his grain will not be rightly
graded, or carefully Inspected.
"It is a notorious fact that two carloads
of exactly the same kind of grain, weigh
ing the same per bushel, equally clean and
equally free from moisture, and in all
respects the same, will not only get differ
ent grades at its destination but the dock
age will vary enormously. While this un
doubtedly Is due In most Instances either
to carelessness or inefficiency, it has an
appearance of intentional wrong, and car
ries that conviction to the farmer who
suffers the consequences.
"The Impression is widespread among
the farmers of the northwest that the
elevator men or shipping interests con
trol the election and appointment of grain
inspectors, and that the latter are not.
wholly free from subservience to the in
terests of the persons securing their ap
pointment, and while this feeling is un
doubtedly much more universal than the
faots justify, we alt know it is there. And
It is thought that if grades are determined
and fixed by the secretary of agriculture
Rnd the inspectors answerable to that de
partment only for careful and efficient
work it will remove the subject much
further from political or personal in
"As congress can deal with grain grad
ing and inspeotion only when the sub
ject becomes a matter of Interstate com
merce it is difficult to frame a bill to
meet the requirements of the grain grower
and I claim no perfection for this partic
ular bill. It, however, furnishes a basis
for a Just and comprehensive considera
tion of the subject, and from a discussion
of Its terms, I believe It could be made
satisfactorily to accomplish Its purpose,
and secure to the producer of grain, not
. only the grading, to which his product Is
entitled, but also 'that peace of mind which
comes from the confidence that he has
received fair and honest treatment. .
"The bill is along the lines of others
that have been introduced before and is
not aimed at any person or corporation,
but la simply Intended to secure to the
producer the grade his product is en
titled to, and remove any political or per-)
sonal Influences, and establish a standard
, that will be the same all over the coun
try on like character of grains.
"The secretary of agriculture Is now
Investigating the question of grain grad
ing for the purpose of ascertaining
whether changes in names or standards of
grading would best subserve the agricul
tural Interests of the country, and It may
safely be anticipated that he will not
recommend any change hi existing trade
regulations unless such interest demanded
It, and only to the extent of the de-
A Site Is Seleoted for It at St.
St. Louis, Jan. 24.Governor Van Sant
of Minnesota, accompanied by several of
the world's fair commissioners from that
state, selected a site yesterday for the
state building to be erected on the
grounds. The spot chosen is the most
southerly of the group of states, with one
exception, the site of the state of Califor
nia, which adjoins and is close to the ter
minal railway entrance into the grounds.
Immediately to the north is the site al
lotted to Kentucky, the other states being
grouped still further to the north and
west. In making the selection of a site
Governor Van Sant was ably assisted by
Conde Hamlin, Theodore Hays and J. M.
Underwood of the state commission, and
C. S. Mitohell. the superintendent.
The spot selected for the state build
ing is an ideal one. occupying as it does
a. commanding position at the southeast
corner of the grounds, and has consider
JTO HOPE FOE THE TYS01T HEIBS.
New York, Jan. 84.Hopes of American Ty
lions for a share in an estate of $40,000,000 left
by James Tyson, an Australian miner, have been
dissipated as the result of thorough investiga
tion.. J. Wesley ATlison, of Philadelphia, who
married a Miss Tyson, retained capable lawyers
to investigate the matter and obtained docu
mentary evidence showing that none of" the
Tysons in this country or England need expect
any of the James Tyson, property in Australia.
as it was given to. his heirs there shortly after
his death, in 1898.
W .W. Jermane.
Took the Teacher's Food.
Careful observation on the part of par
ents and school authorities, as to proper
food to use to bring up ohildren will lead
to a healthy generation.
A pupil in a Philadelphia, Pa., school
says: "I had a severe attack of typhoid
fever, after which I was so very weak and
delicate that I could not attend school
"One day our teacher, who is a great
student and able teacher, gave a-lesson in
physiology, in which proper food was dis
cussed. She recommended Grape-Nuts to
the class, as she had used the food a long
while and watched results.
I thought that If Grape-Nuts had en
abled her to teach a class of boys as she
taught us, the food would do me good in
my weak state, and I commenced eating it.
"I have used Grape-Nuts steadily for
over a year, am a little past 16 years old,
and now measure 5 feet 8 inches, weigh
187 pounds and am strong and well, hav
ing entirely recovered from my weak and
delicate condition. I am very fond of
athletics and join actively in all the sports
in our vicinity.
"T can truthfully say that Grape-Nuts
is just the food for me and. has built me
up into a strong, active boy." Name given
by Postum Cereal Co., Ltd., Battle Creek,
IN HERRON'S PLACE
Steiner of Sandusky, Ohio, Succeeds
* to Chair of Sociology at
Academy Is Separated From College
and Commercial and Normal
Special to The Journal.
Grinnell, Iowa, Jan. 24.The - annual
midwinter meeting of the trustees of Iowa
college this week was one of the most
important the board has had for years. A
good deal of interest was taken because
of the expectation that a successor to Dr.
George D. Herron in the department of
sociology would be chosen.
As has been expected for several weeks
Dr. Edward A. Steiner of Sandusky, Ohio,
was elected to this position. A good
deal of fear has been expressed that Dr.
Steiner's well known radicalism would
work injury to the college, but the au
thorities in the college feel he is a safe
man and will greatly strengthen the
Professor J. E. Boodin. who has been
the acting professor in the department of
philosophy, was elected to a full profes
sorship. The other important action of
the trustees .was "with regard to the
academy. It was decided to separate the
academy from the college and have it
known henceforth as Grinnell academy.
It was also decided to establish com
mercial and normal courses in the acad
emy. A chair of zoology and botany was
established in the college and Professor
Finck of Cedar Falls elected to have
charge of the work. Professors Macy and
Whitcomb of the political science and
English departments, were allowed leaves
of absence for the next year.
Assurance was made that the new cha
pel canvass will be successful. Seventeen
thousand dollars have already been
$250,000 A YEAR
The Amount to Be Paid Colombia
Washington, Jan. 24.The president
yesterday afternoon transmitted the
Panama canal treaty to the senate and it
was found that the amount of annuity to
be paid Colombia was $250,000.
The republican managers are confident
that the treaty will be promptly ratified,
notwithstanding the present deadlock over
the statehood bill. The advocates of the
statehood bill are also strong supporters
of the canal and they cannot delay the
treaty by the statehood bill without
arousing suspicion as to their sincerity in
the assertion that they want the canal
question promptly settled to reassure pub
He sentiment that this great waterway
is to be constructed.
There are several candidates in the sen
ate for places on the canal commission,
and they are all among the followers of
Senator Quay, aiding him in keeping the
statehood bill constantly before the sen
ate to the exclusion of all other business.
Such senators as Jones of Arkansas, Har
ris, of Kansas and Mason of Illinois, who
will go out of the senate on March 4. are
particularly anxious to have the canal
treaty ratified and the president appoint
the commission. They are candidates
for places on that commission, and they
are not going to embarrass their
chances for preferment by holding up the
treaty to force the senate to vote on the
- The plans for the enlargement of the
Indian school at Springfield,. S . D.. , nY*
completed, and the work "
market at once.
W. J. Bonnell of St. Paul has secured the
contract for installation of conduit and elec
tric wiring system for the new public baiMlna
at Helena, Mont. .
The German-American National bnnk, the First
National bank and the Swedish-American No
tional bank of Minneapolis ha*e been approved
a reserve agents for the James Hiver National
bank of Jamestown, N. D.
Representative Tawney is much interested in
the resolution offered by Senator Lodge di
recting an inquiry into the prices received for
articles of domestic manufacture. This is in
line with inquiries the Minnesota man made
some time ago.
The regret was expressed at the cabinet meet
ing yesterday that the impression prerailed in
some questers that the bill reported to the
house from the judiciary committee was an
"administration measure." It is made clear
that it is not and does not represent entirely
the views of the administration on anti-trust
legislation. - \
Senator Nelson has dug up Senator Quay's
famous speech ,ln eight volumes, delivered dur
ing the debate In 1894 over the Wilson-Gorman
tariff bill, and Nelson threatens to deliver It
back at Quay if It becomes necessary to kill
time in the statehood debate. Quay used the
speech to hold up the senate until that body sur
rendered the tariff schedules on iron.
TOLD IN A LINE
ChicagoA movement Is under way among tha
farmers of the country toward forming a gigan
SeattleCareful Inquiry fails to find the
slightest foundation for a rumor that the trans
port Dix had foundered.
Bedford, Ind.John Hackett in a heretofore
care found the petrified skeleton of what was
supposed to be some prehistoric man.
New Haven, Conn.The body of Miss Bertha
J. Bailey of Southlngton, will rest In a burglar
proof case of iron for fear of* grave robbers.
ChicagoFifteen hundred employes of the ele
vated railroads in the city are preparing demands
for an Increase of about 20 per cent In wages.
RomeThe commission appointed to consider
the establishing of wireless communication be
tween Italy and the Argentine republic has
made a favorable report on the subject.
Hoosack Falls. N. Y.Hev. T^opold Kroll of
St. John's church, Grand Ranjds, Wis., has ac
cepted a call to the" rectorship of St. Mark's
church here and will talce charge on Feb. 1.
Wilmington, N. CThe RiKht Rev. Augustine
Watson, bishop of the Protestant Episcopal dio
cese of Bast Carolina who Is 86 years of age,
has had a stroke of paralysis affecting his right
s}de and arm. - - -
New YorkDetectives made a raid on a loft
In Prince street, arretted Hyman Fllarsky. the
reported head of a fur company, and seized fur
garments to the value of 10,000. It Is claimed
that all were stolen.
Worcester. -Mass.A $10,000,000 combine of
emery wheel manufacturers, along the lines of
the American Steel and Wire company, is being
formed. - Twenty laTge concerns in different
parts of the country have been asked to Join.
Lincoln, NTeb.Pinkerton detectives on the
trail of C. L. Parks, member of the firm of
Hirsch, Parks & Co., of Chicago, who has been
missing for more than two weeks, admit their
Inability to solve the mystery of his disappear
Amesbury, Masa.The strike situation to the
carriage industry suddenly became Berlous last
night by a violent attack on the non-union
men by the strikers. The police were over
powered and strike breakers were chased and
dragged from places of refuge and assaulted.
Lincoln, Neb.Nebraska and Kansas farmers
met to form a co-operative grain and live stock
association. A temporary organisation was
effected and . adjournment, taken to Feb... 11.
Former Governor Savage In a speech commended
trusts, and urged the farmers to organize one.
Paris-*In the chamber of deputies yesterday
the entire sitting was devoted to the discussion
of the Interpellation by M. Lasies, nationalist,
on the measure- the government pruposes to take
to repress the action of the internationalists in
spreading dissatisfaction and insubordination In
Binghamton. N. T.Mr. and Mrs. Frank
Cronk who came to Alexander Hill fpur years
ago from McHenry, 111., are under arrest for
cruelty to their three children. The youngest
died Thursday. Officer Wheaton found one child,
8 years old, chained in a chair and starved until
*lt weighed only twenty pounds.
New YorkW. G. Furlong was. arrested for
using the malls in a scheme to defraud. He ad
vertised that a husband was wanted to settle
the "estate of Robert T. Simpson. Limited."
The accepted husband was to get $20,000, but all
applicants were requested to send $1 for the
lady's photograph. One application was from a
congressman of a western state, who said he
"needed the money."
New YorkWithin the last weok the presi
dents of the different companies in which the
United States Steel corporation is Interested
have been in consultation. Various Important
questions have been discussed. Among other
subjects considered are proposed improvements
and extensions to the manufacturing, mining and
transportation properties of the various com
panies, and recommendations for the expenditure
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StatendrfmV- - -March 18
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