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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, June 09, 1903, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1903-06-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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PRICE TWO CENTS.
THE MERGER'S
- TRUMP CARD
{Recent Decision in Government Case
" Hinges Upon Interstate Com
merce Involved.
o Follow That, Defense Urges,
Judge Lochren Must Throw
Out State's Case.
{Judge Young, Followed by C. W.Stench
Bunn and Mr. Grover for
the Defense.
Counsel for the defense in the state's
fjait against the Northern Securities com-
rochren
ihy played their trump card before Judge
this morning.
If his honor follows the ruling of his
lour colleagues in the St. Louis decision,
Messrs. "Young, Bunn and Grover ask him
to. throw out the state case on the ground
that it is an attempt on the part of the
state to regulate interstate commerce.
.Their argument is along .this line:
Congress has power under the constitu
tion to regulate commerce between the
states. \- -
That power ia utilized in the Sherman
,|ratl-trust law.
The recent decision held the Northern
| Securities company to exist in violation of
that law.
Therefore, the complaint involves inter
state commerce.
States have no authority to interfere
jwith the jurisdiction of congress.
Therefore, the state laws are void and
jthe present case must be dismissed^
Judge Young advanced this argument as
Ithe conclusion of his seven-hour speech
this morning. It was the whole burden
of a forty-minute speech by Mr. Bunn,
,who declared it the real and only issue
presented. It was taken up by Mr. Gro
wer, and for a third time pressed on the
Court's attention. It was practically the
only legal argument presented by Mr. Gro
Ver, w
Bustific young,
only legal argument presented ay . ^ country below this point, danger of which
Ver , who passed from it to the Pl J ,
Justification," already elaborated by Judge
Mr. Grover continued his speech this
afternoon. He will be followed by M. D.
fclunn, who will close the case for the
state. Arguments will not be finished be
fore to-morrow's adjournment.
Only Direct Restraint. _
Resuming his argument this morning,
Judge Young continued his attack on the
Btate antl-trust law. He said the pro
hibition against combinations in restraint
of trade must be limited to direct re
straint. If the state's contention was up
held, and every act in possible or in
direct restraint of trade be prohibited,
xnen would be rendering themselves can
didates for the penitentiary every day in
the most ordinary and commonplace acts
of the business world. Every act of a
labor union in raising wages or limiting
hours of labor would be felonious.
The suit brought by the state, declared
Judge Young, was an interference With
vested Tights of stockholders, most of
them not residents of the state, to
and sell their stock as they pleased. This
was especially presumptuous in interfer
ing with the Northern Pacific, a "Wiscon
sin corporation. The state of Minnesota
had no right to say who should hold stock
in that company. The fact that the
Northern Pacific does business in Minne
sota does not deprive Wisconsin of her pe
culiar powers over the company. If MIn- I they "perished,
jiesota can regulate the holding of stock
in that company so can North Dakota,
Montana and any other state thru which
the road runs. That would be absurd.
Each state has authority only over acts
done within her borders. In other words,
Judge Young argued that railroad corpora
tions chartered outside of Minnesota had
the same rights in this state as home
companies, but were not subject to the
same restrictions.
Laws Don't Apply.
The anti-consolidation laws of Minne
sota, said Judge Young, did not apply to
the buying and selling and holding of
stock. The defense relied on decisions
of the supreme court to sustain this con
tention.
"Suppose the anti-trust law applies,
he demanded, "what is it that we have
done in restraint of trade? We have ac
quired a majority of the stock in two
competing roads. We have done that ana
nothing more. As to whether that is a
restraint of trade, we rely on previous de
cisions of the supreme court."
Judge Young called attention to the
- complainant's contention that the state
. act was a copy of the Sherman act, anderages
that the decision in this case must fol
low that in the federal case. That federal
act was a regulation of commerce between
the states. The court at St. Louis de
cided that the merger was a restraint of
Interstate commerce. This the state had
nothing to do with. Altho the supreme
court in the Louisville & Nashville case
gave the state a right to prohibit con
solidation of interstate railroads, it made
a rule that could not be reconciled with
tho St. Louis decision, and would save
the merger companies on the appeal. The
state could not interfere with or prohibit
the holding of stock in competing rail
roads.
FLOOD GREST
PAST ST. LOUIS
In Hands of Congress.
Judge Young then presented a con
stitutional argument to show that the
regulation of commerce was exclusively
in the hands of congress, and could not
be interfered with by the states. Under
this authority congress passed the anti
trust act. Under that law the court at
St. Louis decided the merger illegal. They
therefore decided it a matter of inter
state commerce. It was therefore free
from the operation of a state law.
the present suit must fall to the ground.
"We submit this," said Judge Young,
"merely so that if this court feels bound
bv the decision in the St. Louis case, that
this company is a combination in restraint
of trade, the court may take* notice of
the fact that the state has no authority
over the transactions in Question, which
are entirely in the control of the national
government."
C. W. Bunn's Turn.
Judge Young, at 11 o'clock, concluded
his argument, and C. W. Bunn, general
counsel for the Northern Pacific, addressed
the court. He first took up the evidence
as to removal of the long haul rate and
urged that it was done out of respect for
a law, of the state. This rate could not
be met except by permission of the rail
road commission. Mr. Bunn read from the
records of the commission to show that
the Northern Pacific had made such ap
plication on March 30 of this year, and
it had been denied by the commission,
which would not allow them to meet the
short-line' rate.
He then passed to the power of the
regulation of the holding of stock, and re
inforced Judge Young's argument that the
nature of the case admits of only one
regulation. The question of whether con
solidation by holding stock, ia unlawful,
also admits of but one regulation. Stock
holders' interests are. in the whole sys
tem, and cannot be interfered with in more
than one place. Otherwise there might
be a consolidation as to interstate busi-
"J
Continued on geccmd Page. who have been most active in relief work J tragedy.
. *-_ - s .
The High WatexMark 37.5 Has Not
Seen Reached Before Since
1858.
Undermined Buildings and Many
Deaths From Drowning Are
Reported. .-.
St. Louis. June 9.The crest of the flood
has been reached and the Mississippi is
falling.
Reports from.along the Missouri river
indicate that it is falling rapidly and the
Mississippi is stationary at Hannibal and
falling steadily north of there.
Mayor Cook of East St. Louis this
morning said that the flood had been con
quered and East St. Louis was safe. The
levees have been so thoroly strengthened
that there is no further danger of in
undation.
That the worst is over cannot yet be
seen by the observers on the banks. At
a rate of eight to ten miles an hour the
Mississippi river, over half a mile wide
and ninety feet deep in the channel, is
pouring past St. Louis toward the gulf.
For a week the river, slowly at first and
then gaining in speed crept out of its
ordinary confines until on June 8, 1903,
it had established a high water mark of
37.5 feet, the highest flood tide since the
same mark was unofficially established
in 1858. Thirty feet above low water
mark Is the danger line for St. Louis and
the river rose seven and one-half feet
above the danger line.
The crest of the flood has passed St.
Louis and any further destruction to be
wrought will be from the possible, crum
bling of under-mined buildings and to the
g i easene d b th e spreadln g o
t
ove r t h j
Rapid falling of the water, ihte irsi ex
pected, will quickly drain the Inundated
section on the Illinois side, where the
property loss will be heaviest and re
pairs to the damaged property will soon
be possible.
The Death List Is Large.
Reports are coming in from Madison,
Granite City and Venice, which indicate
the death list may be larger than first
estimated. It is" known that at least
twenty people have been drowned in that
vicinity. A report was received early to
day from Newport, a small town three
miles from Granite City, that a school
building, which sheltered fifty children,
was tottering and threatened to collapse
at any moment. Appeals -were made for
assistance but there was no way, to reach
them from St, Louis or East St. Louis,
the only places that can now render aid.
City Attorney .Robert Bagmonr of Venice"
is reported by his relative*'to be missing,
they fear he perished when the city
wa overwhelmed. Deputy Coroner Wil
liam Rallhom of Madison county and his
son, who lived in Venice, have been given
up as lost. Louis Kisher and wife, who
lived in Madison, are believed to have
been drowned in the breaking of the levee
that flooded that town. William Anohor
and Mrs. Clifton and her infant have been
missing for several days, and it is thought
buyands
Jfnt on ^ ^
I
onQ
e party of refugees near Edwards
vllle, four cases of smallpox developed
yesterday. Tho officials of Madison coun
ty are doing all $n their power to isolate
the caseB and prevent a spread of the dis
ease. Numerous families, penniless, and
having no friends to whom to go, refused
to leave their flooded homes. In many
cases these people are practically starv
ing and food will be furnished them by
means of skiffs at once.
River Thieves and Foul Odors.
River thieves are looting the various
vacant houses. Men in skiffs have been
seen to enter half-submerged houses in
Venice, Madison and Granite City and
carry away everything of value they could
find.
The stench arising from the backwater,
on the surface of which floats filth, is of
fensive. This is a. menace +o health. The
sanitary department will r.ake every ef
fort to cleanse the district as soon as the
flood has departed.
In St. Louis the rising water has notwill
caused any material Increase In damage.
Levee saloons continue to do business de
spite high water. Spectators demand bev
and are content to crawl along
planks thru doorways two feet high and
drink from the improvised bars m a
crouohing position with their heads touch
ing the ceilings.
Below Eads bridge Is moored the steam -
er Dubuque, which came down the river
from St. Paul. So swift was the current
and so high the stage of the river that
the Dubuque was carried under Merchants*
bridge at high speed and both smoke
stacks were swept to the decks.
It's a Slow Fall. *
At 7 a. m. the official gage registered
37.4 feet, a decline of .1 of a foot from
yesterday morning when the crest of the
flood, 37.5 feet, was reached. The ten
dency of the river this morning seemed
to be to rise, but the great volume of
water was spreading out and did not make
Itself apparent on the sage by added
Inches.
In the Flooded Cities.
In Madison, Venice and Granite City it
was estimated this morning that at least
1,000 men, women and children were in
a precarious condition. They are await
in rescue, many In the second stories
d on tops of houses and other points
above the flood, less in danger of death
by drowning than by starving. Imme
diate efforts will be made to remove these
people to places of safety and compara
tive comfort.
In East St. Louis, where the railroad
yards and that part along the river on
both sides of the Eads bridge are flooded,
the conditions are the same as yesterday.
All of last night men were at work
strengthening the levee that is keeping
the water back from the business and
residence sections of the city. The rail
road situation shows no improvement.
Destitute Flood Sufferers.
From police reports it is learned there
are 390 flood sufferers in St. Louis, refu
gees from East St. Louis, Madison, Ven
ice, Granite City and Kaskaskia. All are
destitute. There were over 3,000 refugees
in the city, but the remainder have either
secured transportation to other cities or
are begin cared for by relatives and friends
in St. Louis and its environs. The 390trophe,
are being cared for by relatives and friends
ber have become ill from exposure.
There were 1,200 flood refugees in Ed
wardsville, 111., last night from the tri
cities and Newport. Because of the con
gestion it was found necessary to dis
tribute the sufferers in the cities and vil
lages along the Wabash as far north as
Litchfield. Four-fifths of the 6,000 inhab
itants of Granite City remaim within the
limits of the town. One-half ofcthem are'
homeless. _-**=- s
The officials of Granite City and'those
andang
'^^^^^4-Bt^M^vim
TUESDAY EVfHING,JUNE 9, 1903.,
-. . ' - '"W" ' ' . :
believe that no
death's
have followed the
flood there.
: "- -
THE RIVER BULLETIN
What the Government Experts Say of the
Present Flood.
Washington, June 9.The crest of the
flood at St. Louis was "reached Monday
morning with a gage reading of 87.6 feet,
as forecasted on Friday last. This Just
equals the high water reading of May 19,
1868,. but is- 9.9 feet below the great high
water mari^^f June 20, 1844. The water
this morni'.g stands at 87.4 feet and from
this Urne orward will fall steadily tho
at first slowly. The upper Mississippi is
also foiling slowly and steadily while be
low ft. Louis the rise continues. The
stage at Cairo this morning was 42.0 feet,
a rise of 1.0 foot and at Memphis 28.6, a
rise of 1.1 since Monday morning. A
orest will be reached at Cairo "Wednes
day or Thursday at about 43 or 44 feet.
J''H
From Backwater How a Men
ace to HealthRiver Thieves
at Work.
TO GOVERN THE MOROS
Gen. Wood Is SuggestedA Bill Pro-
- viding for the New Subsid
iary Nation.
Manila,. June 9.The Philippine com
mission has enacted a bill providing for
the government of the Moros. Governor
Taft and Major General Davis jointly
drafted it. The measure practically makes
ve r
the Moro province an autonomous colony
of the Philippines which the Phillipine
government controls. It creates an ap
pointive legislative council to provide
local laws, the commission reserving .the
right to amend or annul them. The coun
cil is to be composed of a governor, sec
retary, treasurer, engineer, attorney and
superintendent of schools. Governor Taft
appoint the officials. The bill will
extend the jurisdiction of the Philippine
courts and constabulary to the province
and will recognize Moro laws which do
not conflict with American laws. The
measure also directs the codification of
the tribal laws, creates Moro courts, pro
vides that the Philippine courts shall try
cases between Moros and Christians,
gives the province its net customs and
forestry collections and authorizes the
council to abolish slavery.
The province is divided, into five dis-
trictsSulu, Zamboanga, Lanao, Cota
bato and Davao.
The bill provides for partial military
government and it is expected that Gen
eral Leonard Wood will be the first gov
ernor of the Moro province.
SERIOUS FIRE IN PEEING
The Chinese Eire Department With
Gongs and Banners Is
'-'. Helpless. V
Peking, June 9.The extensive buildings
occupied 'by the boards of revenue and
rites are in flames from end to end. The
revenue building contains 4,000,000 taels.
The burning buildings adjoin the lega
tions and the foreign military guards are
doing effective service. The Chinese fire
department,' equipped chiefly with banners
and gongs, is helpless.
FIVE DROWNED AT FRAZER
What Was to Have Been a Gala Day
in Iowa Town Turns to
Sorrow.
Special to The Journal.
Fort Dodge, Iowa, June 9.The town
of Frazer Is shocked by a double catas
which has cost five lives in all.
Four Italian miners, who started to cross
the swollen Des Moines river in a boat
on drowned hel could reach i9Q0-
Thomas Coleman, a miner at Frazer, was agreed tBoysell-n thte entire productsJermynsr of thei
BAEMHM
-- HEIGHT RATES
He Shows Why the Expense of Haul-
ingAnthracite Is So Tre-
' #* mendous.
Cost of Nearly All Supplies Includ-
'* ing Labor Has Grown .
. ^Enormously.
New York, June i&or-Hearing in the in
vestigationltof the /complaint of W. R.
Hearst. against the*, coal carrying roads
was continued'before the interstate com
merce conmitesiart to-day. President
Baer was recalled by the commission and
examined, by Commissioner Prouty.
President Baer said 4he rate charged on
coal from 'the anthracite regions tapped
by the Heading system, about 180 miles
to tidewater, ."is $1.56 a ton. Thirty or
forty years'* experience had shown Mr.
Baer said, that .the^coal could not be car
ried for lesi,.\
HE CAN'T SEE THEM
The Vice-Presidential BirdsI Guess He Isn't Hunting for TTs Just Now.
MMlWMM.MWWM.MmMIMM.M.MWH.IIIWHmHHMmMMmWMMMHI.MW.W -
supplies., except steel rails, has advanced
within the last few years. In wages.alone
on the Reading system the increase last
year was $1,200,000."
During the strike, Mr. Baer said, the
Reading system lost more than $1,500,000
in freight alone on anthracite and that
was in excess of $515,000 increase in the
freight received from bituminous coal.
For nearly half an hour Mr. Prouty
questioned the witness as to-the fiscal re
port by the Philadelphia & Reading sys
tem and its leased lines. Mr. Prouty
wanted to know why a gross income of
nearly $2,000,000 was shown in the report
as "improvements," and asked for de
tails.
"I do not understand." Mr. Baer re
plied, "that your commission has juris
diction over the way the Reading shall
keep its books or to wbataccount.lt shall
charge the moneys expended for improve
ments."
"The commission does not claim such
jurisdiction," Mr. Prouty replied, "but
has the right under the congressional
provision to know what the railway com
pany does with the money it earns, so as
to be able to determine if its charges are
fair and reasonable."
Witness said had he known the com
mission wanted a detailed statement of
expenditures he would have had it made
'out. .."..--
vThe Reopening of the Case.
New York, June 9.The Interstate com
merce commission has again taken up the
investigation into the complaint of W. R.
Hearst that the coal-carrying railroads
have violated and are violating the anti
pooling section of the Sherman anti-trust
Robert M. Olyphant, former president of
the Delaware & Hudson, one of the re
spondent railroads, corroborated the state
ments of the other coal men that the price
of coal is to be raised 10 cents a ton a
month until' a maximum increase of 50
cents a ton is reached.
Olyphant said he doubted if his company
made any money when coal was selling In
New York at $40 or less. For the last ten
years the profits of the company have been
about 7 per cent. His company increased
the price, he said, because exigencies of
the trade justified the demand.
"We could get a higher price if we
asked it," he said.
After a long argument the commission
ruled in favor of Mr. Shearn's contracts
that the coal purchase contracts are ad
missible as evidence. The commission de
cided that the only point before the Unit
ed States circuit court is, can witnesses
be compelled to submit their contracts to
the commission? .
Mr. Shearn then read: from the contract
between K. & J. J. Jermyn and the Sus
quehanna Coal company made on Nov. 1,
~ *
Mondabefore
y
morningp
, were
PERHAPS THE
? BUND MAY SEE
i * i -, i "
One of the Possibilities Suggested by
the Properties of.the New
' Element Polonium.
Also ' an Dluminant That Never
Burns OutMme/ Currie's
Work.
New York Bun Speoial Service.'
New York, June 9.Polonium, the new
element, which was exploited in a series
of most interesting experiments by Pro
fessor W. Markwald before the. Chemical
congress in Berlin, is really the discovery
of Mme. Currle, a Polish woman, who,
with her hushand, gave radium to the
world. She is recognized as among the
truly great pioneers of chemistry.
Scientists understand too little of the
marvelous properties of this new element
to venture more than vague predictions of
what sphere of future usefulness it mayfirst
fill, but it is not improbable that it may
be found to perform the present functions
of the so-called Roentgen or X-rays far
more powerfully and without the cum-largely
v'" .
"Notwithstanding^ 'the enormous 'in-
crease of traffic/' i^,e
- said , "the cost of
transportation has* Increased. The rates
have not increased' but the cost of all
%
brous apparatus now essential to their
use.
By use of polonium the blind, It is be
lieved, may be made to see. In a much
higher degree even than radium it pos
sesses the property of shining in the dark
and, 'altho it is known that actual par
ticles, innniteslmally small, are being shot
out from it continually, a fact which is
proved by magnetic experiments, this
strange substance does not seem to ex
haust itself nor to lose its luminous,ppw
ers with the passage of time. Here, there
fore, is a hint at least of the future pos
sibility of a constant and brilliant illum
Inant generated without heat or com
bustion. THOMAS WHITE BREAKING
But Curtis Jett as Confident as Ever
Court Eeconvenes at
Jackson.
ta
capsizedthem.
and
drowned in an attempt to secure the
bodies of the Italians. He started to
swim to a pier of the bridge in an effort
to stretch a wire across the river to inter
cept the bodies as they floated down
stream. The bodies have not yet been re-'
covered. The drowning interrupted what
was to have been a gala day in Frazer
and the whole town is shocked by the
mines to the company at prices ranging
from 50 per cent of the tidewater price
realized for stove and chestnut coal. A ton
of coal means 2,240 pounds, and an allow
ance of 1 per cent is made by the seller
for wastage. A clause says i(|he price at
tidewater shall be- less than $8.50 per ton
for sizes greater than pea coal, the mine
operators have a right to close their
Amines*,. ,- ^ -'- - ,,
Jackson, Ky., June 9.It was quiet here
last night and court convened this morn
ing without special Incident. The in
creased guards still continue- at the homes
of B. L. Ewen, Mrs. Marcum and Mrs.
Patrick.
The two prisoners presented quite dif
ferent appearances this morning. Curtis
Jett was as confident as ever. Thomas
White, altho allowed to sleep with Jett
in the same cell, wept in the night and
was despondent to-day. There is much
solicitude over the condition of White.
The failure of Elisor Jones to get back
from Magoffin county whither he went to
summon veniremen, caused a postpone
ment of the trial of Jett and White until
2:30 o'clock this afternoon. John HOST
kins, one of the veniremen, was excused
from duty as a juror. He said he was
sick as a aresult of being exposed to
smallpox and feared he was taking the
disease. The prosecution looks upon this
as a part of a plan to delay the trial. ii:
NO MOBE JEW-KILLING
The Prefect of Odessa Gives the Jews
Assurances. ^
St. Petersburg, June 9.General Ar
seineff, the new prefect of police of
Odessa, In receiving a deputation of
rabbis recently, assured them that the
Jews of Odessa could pursue their, avoca
tions without fearing anti-semlte out
breaks as the authorities would strin
gently suppress any such movement at
its outset. * i ,
contract the
THE BOILER BROKE
Serious" Explosion on a British
Cruiser.
Gibraltar, June 9.A boiler explosion
occurred to-day on board the British
armored cruiser Good Hope. An officer
and six men were seriously injured. The
Good Hope is fitted yt&h. Belleville boil
ers* She is l,40atons displacemenj*
r,t
14 PAGES-FIYE O'CLOCK. ^
FIRST FREE TRADE-ll /!
PROTECTIO N SKIRMISH
The Supjport of tKS Irishr Members and of the
Liberals Insures the English Govern
ment From Possible Defeat.
The Debate To-day Was on a Budget Bill Amendment Opposing the Re-
moval of the Tax From GrainThe Speaker of the House Decided
That a Full Discussion of Fiscal Policy Suggested by Mr. Cham-
^ berlain Was Not Relevant to the Budget Bill, Thus Curtailing the
| v Debate at the OutsetSome Excitement Caused by John Redmond
^ Regarding the Imprisonment of P. A. McHugh.
London, June 9.The approach of the
serious parliamentary brush in the
free trade-proteotion fight filled every seat
in the house of commons this afternoon.
Before facing the situation which must
place them at the mercy of the
liberal and Irish votes, the members of
the government attended an important
cabinet meeting, at which all the ministers
were present except Gerald Balfour, presi
dent of the board of trade, who was ill.
Henry Chaplain, M. P., former president
of the board of agriculture, and the mal
content unionists were actively engaged
early in the day.in and around Westmin
ster in rallying the supporters of Mr. Chap
lain's amendment to the budget bill, which
declares that the removal of tax on
grain "involves a needless and injurious
disturbance of trade and a serious loss of
revenue, without substantial relief for thepresent
consumer," and that if any taxes are reing
moved, it should be those levied on tea
and other articles of general consumption.
v The Government Is Safe.
Before the debate opened, Premier Bal
four ascertained from John Redmond, the
Irish, leader, that the nationalist members
of parliament would support the govern
ment as against Mr. Chaplain.
The liberal leader, Sir Henry Campbell
Bannerman, had already announced that
his party would also uphold the proposal
of Chancellor of the Exchequer Ritchie to
remit the grain tax. This practically in
sured the government from possible de
feat at the hands of its own supporters.
The curious situation created the keenest
interest.
Why Is McHugh In Jail?
At the opening of the sitting, a little
excitement was caused by John Redmond
asking that a committee be appointed to
inquire whether the arrest of P. A. Mclitical
Hugh, member of parliament for Sligo, on
Saturday last, under a warrant for con
tempt of court, was not breach of privi
lege. This the speaker refused to do, and
William Redmond wound up the disous
sion by loudly and ironically deploring the
fiHict that McHugh, who is now in Sligo
Sail, would not be able t_o. receive King
_ _ .__. _ duty was necessary
^Wt wnen.tbe latter-visited^ Ireland.,-J growth of expendituress againstswhich he
'7 '.- : --'A-:
Rev. Thos. Dixon Tells of the Differ
ence Between Hatred of Jew
and of Negro.
His Three Solutions of the Eace
ProblemOpposition to
Socialism.
New York, June 9.At the third annual
dinner of the American Book Sellers' as
sociation in this city, Rev. Thomas Dix
on, Jr., speaking on the negro question,
said: -
"Race prejudice is of two kinds. One is
a mean thing. There is the prejudice
which proceeds from fear of another
race's superior powers or abilities. Such
is the prejudice against the Jew. It ex
ists simply because the Jewish race is the
most persistent, powerful, commercially
successful race" that the world has ever
produced. Thousands of them have been
assimilated by America and thousands
more will be assimilated. -
"The prejudice against the negro is the
instinct of self-preservation. I record
here the prediction that I, ..as a southern
man, expect to live to see the day when
the whole people of the south will build
a statue to Abraham Lincoln in the capi
tal of the confederacy."
Mr. Dixon then called attention to Lin
coln's words:*
"I believe that there exists between the
races, white and black, physical differ
ences which will forever forbid their liv
ing together on a plane of social equali-
ty."
"In eighty years," Mr. Dixon declared,
"there will be 60,000,000 negroes in this
country at the present rate of increase,
and there are but three solutions of the
problem that present themselves to us
to raise the negro to our level, to sink to
his, or to remove him.
"The negro is the menace, therefore, to
one element of the Americans' strength
his race integrity. The menace to his
other element of strength, his individuali
ty, is socialism, which attacks first the
family, the stronghold of individuality,
and the bulwark on which our civilization
rests, and then the fiber of the individual
himself."
Mr. Chaplain's amendment for a full dis-','
cussion of the fiscal policy suggested by
Mr. Chamberlain, the colonial secretary, .
not for present but for future adoption.
The speaker replied that he had very care
fully considered the matter and had ar
rived at the conclusion that it was not
relevant to the budget bill, as the ques
tion of preferential tariff rates between
Great Britain and her colonies was not
raised in the bill. The scope of the de- -
bate was thus largely curtailed at the ~
outset.
Mr. Ritchie having formally moved the
second reading of the budget bill, Mr.
Chaplain, the protectionist, who was re
ceived with cheers, arose to move his
amendment, and proceeded warmly to at -
tack the chancellor of the exchequer, to
whose inaptitude he said they owed their
remarkable position. In repeal
the grain duty, Mr. Chaplain said, Mr.
Ritchie had made an irretrievable mis
take and had precipitated a movement for
which neither his party nor the country
were prepared. For a moment he ap
peared to have prevailed over Mr. Cham
berlain, but his triumph would be short
lived. Mr. Chaplain blamed the govern
ment for yielding to Mr. Ritchie, saying
the ministers had thrown away a weapon,
which would have helped them to carry out
the new fiscal policy to which Mr. Balfour
and Mr. Chamberlain were committed.
Mr. Chapin referred to the extraor
dinary position in which the followers of
the government ha been placed by the
indecision of the ministers. It wasus e
less to seek guidance or leadership from
them. He concluded with formally mov-,
ing his amendment, on which, he said, he
meant to divide the house.
The motion was seconded and Slr|
Michael Hicks-Beach followed. He said
that his view, of the general fiscal and po
situation was quite different from
the view held by Mr. Chaplin. He added
that his colleagues were perfectly aware
that the grain duties were unpopular
when he had inaugurated them, but the
plan had been a success and he had heard
the proposal to repeal the duty with sur
prise and regr-e.%. 'iHe^consldered that ttie
because of the
-"
,v.-. - ^ ^ './ ,. . r ' v B had ft^e'sto** Had hi protest been re- ^ ,
-^ Scope of the Debate Gurtalfed. ^] ^jVBa*wii- gfWter smjnfc&i# by his cl^
leagues he Would not now be speaking
from a bench above the gangway. It was
-:--Scop e
The asking and answering of questions,
in the house followed, - then Sir Michael
Hicks-eBach, conservative, formerly
chancellor of - the exchequer, invited the
speaker's decision as to whether the oppor
tunity could be taken of.- the debate on
impossible"for a chancellor of the ex
chequer to reduce expenditures without
the party and the continuous support of
the premier.
-
RACEHATREDS
OF TWO KINDS
STOLE $60,000
FROM DNCLE SAM
James M. Watson, Jr., a Government
Clerk, Makes Way With
This Sum. *
The Book Trade.
W. WlHard Palmer, mayor of Grand
Rapids, spoke Of the attempts of the as
sociation three years ago to see what
could be done to revive.the book trade and
of the crisis now existing. He said the
fact that the booksellers had succeeded In
consequence of action then in placing the
prices of books of history, biography and
travel upon a net basis with uniform
prices, and keeping them there, was proof
that the same thing cou|a be done for
books of fiction, and he predicted that the
convention of booksellers Will now ask
the publishers to put books of fiction. on
such a basis.
Other speakers declared that the main
tenance of a fair price for books Is the
only hope of the retail booksellers that
the public is prepared to pay a fair price,
and that the matter of 30 cents more or
less, which means little to the pur
chaser, frequently represents for tho_
bookseller the margin of loss or profit , i *
mm A $i40,ooo COOPERAGE BLAZE.^ ?
Boston, June 9.The plant of the Brooklyn
Cooperage cohipany in South Boston" was de
sfroyed" by Are to-day. The loss Is $140,000.
Joseph Woodr an employe, was probably fatally
burned in attempting to save bis tools and cloth-
)W__
Washington, June 9.A warrant has
been issued for' the arrest of James M.
Watson, Jr., a clerk in the office of the
auditor for the District of Columbia, on
the charge of embezzlement of govern
ment funds estimated at $75,000.
The money consisted of amounts de
posited t % citizens of the district to cover
their share of expenses for improvements
under special permits.
The defalcations are said to cover a
period of several years. Watson had no
official bond, and that of the auditor, Mr.
Petty, is for only $20,000. . ,
TWO BOYS HELD UP A CAR
Eight Passengers at Seattle Gave Up
Their Money and Time- - -
Keepers. ] ,
iiM
Seattle, Wash.. June 9.With a revolver
leveled at their heads, eight passengers on
the electric street car were forced to sur
render their valuables to two robbers, sup
posed to be boys, late last night. ^-y
They forced the conductor and motor- '%
man to go inside and, while one went ^
thru the passengers' pockets, the other ^
held a revolver. ^
About $30 and several watches were se- '
cured, no resistance being offered.
CROPS IS THE DOMINION
Poor in Only One-tenth of the Area $
and Bain Is Now Fall- * ' X4I
ing There. . "4
Montreal, June 9.The Star publishes
a crop report from special correspondents
thruout the Dominion which indicate
record crops in half the area, average
crops in about one-third the area and poor
crops in one-tenth of the whole. The
Montreal district suffers most. Rain is
now falling in many districts. Favorable*^j,
weather would now undo much damage,
even in the worst districts. fe-n,^
M
- ,!
OFF FOB JAPAN
The Bussfaff^ar Minister Sails
*K.V ^ From,. Vladivostok.
Vladivostock, June 9.The Russian,
war minister, General. Krapotkin sailed
to-day for Japani^*^
m TIDBITS FOB BIBLIOPHILES
Chicago, June 9.The Newberry library' has
been presented, by Edward B. Ayers, a noted
bibliophile and book collector, with a valuable
collections of maps - and manuscripts, cover
ing the history of the French marine from thr'
Thirteenth century to the Franco-Prussian war.
Mr. Ayer purchased the colelction from the
Llberlarie Chandenat on MB last visit to Paris.
He also secured for bis (pirate library, "Th*
tfuremburg Ohxonlcle^i printed In 1493* _ i. ,
in
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