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ALL ENGLAND IS JARRED p i Split in Sentiment in the Cabinet Puts Consols Down at the Opening. Free Trade Wave Bises to Over- - . whelm Mr. Chamberlain's New Proposals. Keen Interest and Remarkable Ani mation Shown in the House of Commons. London, June 10.The split In the Brit ish cabinet and the possible consequences thereof, affected consols, which were put down % at the opening of the stock ex change to-day. London, June 10.That the Interest in the political situation has been enhanced by the dramatic developments yesterday was fully evidenced to-day by the remark able animation and alertness of everybody In and about the houses of parliament when the time approached for the resump tion of the debate in the house of com mons on the amendment of Henry Chap lin, conservative, to the budget bill. Answers to questions not referring to the great problem of the day passed al most unnoticed, so keen was the anxiety to get to the all-absorbing topic. The debate was resumed by Major See ley, conservative, who, as a convinced free trader, rejoiced in the repeal of the grain tax. Sir Charles Dilke, advanced radical, contended that the house had the right to demand an opportunity for pronounc ing judgment on this important fiscal question. There was enormous exag geration in the statement that it was fool ish for this country to maintain a policy differing from that of the rest of the . world. "While the United States and Germany were reaping much prosperity under pro tection, Great Britain's foreign exports at the moment were equal to the com bined exports of the United States, Ger many and France, which, considering the enormous expansion of the population of the United States, was a truly surprising thing. The speaker denied that protectionist countries were cutting out Great Britain from the markets of the world. e Germany had not even hurt Great Britain's market in South America, and when one considered the great natural advantages of the United States, her size and highly cultivated population, it was marvelous that she had not years ago attained the first place in trade. The commerce of the United States had progressed inde pendently of protection but it had been retarded rather than advanced by the adoption of protection. H. H. Asquith, advanced liberal, former ihome secretary, declared that the reason for the abandonment of the grain tax re mained an "unsolved and inscrutable mystery." Mr. Chamberlain had told the public that the tax .did not fall on the consumer. If that was so the appeal was a "magnificent display of international attachment," as it practically meant that Great Britain was making a present to the United States of the $12,500,000 which the tax brought in. All the opposition's arguments against the tax were employed by Mr. Ritchie yesterday evening to justi fy the repeal. Never had a small minor ity been so rapidly and completely justi fied: Describing the situation as "politically indecent." Mr. Asquith urged an explicit declaration of the collective judgment of the cabinet in regard to the larger ques tions of fiscal policy and, turning towards Mr. Chamberlain, who at that moment entered and sat down beside Premier Balfour, Mr. Asquith asked the colonial secretary what was his position in view of yesterday's speech of the chancellor of the exchequer, Mr. Ritchie. "Was Mr. Chamberlain a brand plucked from the burning? a backslider brought home again by the gentle, persuasive Influence of the chancellor of the exchequer? Was the word "requiescat" or the word "resur gam" to be carved on the tombstone of the grain tax? He was glad to see that Mr. Chamber lain was still sitting on the cabinet bench, altho it was quite unprecedented to see two ministers sitting on the same benches holding fundamentally and Irreconcilably divergent views on a matter which af fected more vitally than any other the unity of the empire and its fiscal and com mercial prosperity. It was unexampled and an entire departure from the tradi tions and rules of public life that upon matters of this kind two responsible min isters should omit not only discordant opinions on public platforms but pose as the respect propagandists of two wholly Irreconcilable policies. BODY BLOW FOR CHAMBERLAIN His Protection Policy Is Hopelessly Snowed Under. London. June 10.The rumored resigna tion of Colonial Secretary Chamberlain is the most startling development of the proposal of the chancellor of the ex chequer, Mr. Ritchie, to abolish the corn tax, the debate on which kept the house of commons packed and spellbound until midnight last night. The colonial, secre tary's preferential tariff program was hopelessly snowed under, and his influence as a political power In Great Britain at least temporarily eclipsed. All . the members of the government, who spoke vigorously, declared themselves as free traders and frankly opposed Mr. Chamberlain's proposals. Except for Mr. Chaplin, not a voice on either side of the house was raised in effective support of Mr. Chamberlain's campaign. Former members of cabinets and pri vate members, irrespective of party, pro tested against any dickering with Great Britain's fiscal policy. The unionists vied with the liberals in declaring themselves out and out" free traders. All that is lacking in- the complete rout of the pro tectionist cabinet minister was Mr. Bal four's official, pronouncement, as premier, and on behalf of the government, that the cabinet as a whole refused to adopt Mr. Chamberlain's views. "Oil and vltrol" is the only adequate description of Sir Michael Hicks-Beach's epeech, wrilch started the revolt. Amid intense silence this famous tory ex-mln "*ister extolled the colonial secretary's vir v tues and damned his program. - , "Black Michael," as he Is familiarly called, was never seen to better advan t'tage. The ministers sat with .troubled r,", faces. Mr. Balfour looking especially de- ^ fleeted. Mr. Chamberlain, deserting his I usual place, paler even than usual, stretched himself nonchalantly at the end of the treasury bench. Thruout the after noon'.he never exchanged a word with his cblleagues. After Mr. Ritchie had denounced the colonial secretary's ideas. Mr. Chamber lain stalked out of the chamber without even a nod to Mr. Balfour. A CONSPIRACY, HE CALLS IT Light in Which M. D. Mnnn Seeks to Place the Railroad Merger. Well Studied Answer to Judge Yonng's Extended Plea of, - Justification, Defense, He Says, Has Practically Admitted All Allegations in State's Complaint. Marcus D. Munn of St. Paul began the closing argument for the state in the Northern Securities case before Judge Lochren this morning. The early part of his address was an arraignment of the acts of James J. Hill, J. Pierpont Morgan and their associates. He reviewed the whole history of the merger t6 show that there was a conspiracy from the start to suppress competition and his argument was a well studied answer to the plea of justification advanced by Judge George B: Young and M. D. Grovr. His construc tion of the various acts of 1901 was that the "coterie" was attempting to do an illegal thing in a legal way. While each man claimed to be acting for himself and without any agreement, all acted in con cert and the result pointed to a con spiracy to violate the law. The State's Rights. Mr. Munn said he would reply fully to the attack made on the rights of the state of Minnesota to prohibit consolida tion and would show that the sovereignty of the state and of the nation were each complete, in their respective spheres. Counsel for the defense, he said, had de voted much time to showing the be nevolent nature of the merger. They urged the courts to set aside the laws, be cause Mr. Hill was seeking to build up a great oriental trade. "Such an argu ment should be addressed to our legisla tive bodies," said Mr. Munn. "It has no place in this courtroom, and I will pay no further attention to it." Mr. Munn then said the court was, no doubt, surprised at the submission of three volumes of testimony since the ad missions made in the defense. They had acknowledged the common ownership of the stock, and practically all the facts alleged. Referring to the "rights of stockhold- ers," Mr. Munn said that there was no desire to abridge the rights of any man but to preserve the rights of all men, the rich and poor, alike. The state was in terested only in enforcing its laws. Mr. Hill's Denial. . Mr. Munn then referred to the testi mony of President Hill, in which he de nied that anything had been done to re move competition. This was refuted by the exhibited circulars, in which compe tition was eliminated between junction points. -^ Continued on Second Page. it} H 3 . "Much has been said of the 'testimony of the state's witnesses' by the counsel," said Mr. Munn. ../,... "I will remind your honor that the nature of the case compelled us to take the evidence of the defendants them selves as to their acts. This is a case in equity, and it is the privilege and duty of the court to examine this evidence in the light of motives of the witnesses. I think it is clear that without, deliberately intending to perjure themselves, these witnesses have been very careful to give .their version of the case as they saw it." The defendants had been attempting to do an unlawful thingconsolidate parallel and competing linesin a lawful way. He maintained that this was a conspiracy. The ambition of Mr. Hill and Mr. Morgan was evidently to "form a more perfect union" of the two railroads. Testimony was read to show that control of the two companies prior to May, 1901, was in the hands of Mr. Hill and Mr. Morgam . Merger Preliminaries. Mr. Munn then reviewed the acts leading up to the merger. First Hill and Morgan "purchased" the Burlington not by a deed but by acquiring the stock, and Issuing joint bonds for the same. The Union Pa cific demanded a voice in the Burlington. This was denied. Mr. Harrlman then, made "the boldest move ever made on the finan cial checkerboard in this country." He started to buy the Northern Pacific He bought $41,000,000 of the preferred and $37,000,000 of the common, or a majority of the total stock. Mr. Morgan succeeded in retaining control of the common stock. The retirement of the preferred stock, not before broached, was now made neces sary to keep control of the road in Hill Morgan hands. This was done by agree ment. It was the foundation of the whole merger scheme. The "coterie" then sought to put the stock where it would stay, and make their control permanent. So the Northern Securities company was organ ized, after a fruitless search for a terri torial charter, "beyond legislative amend ments." 1 ! " A Question Answered. - "Politeness compels me," said Mr. Munn, "to answer Judge Young's question as to the difference between the Twin City Rapid Transit company and the North ern Securities incorporation. The differ ence is that between a lawful and an un lawful act. The Twin City company is organized to operate connecting and .continuous lines. The Securities company is organized to control parallel and com peting lines." The Northern Securities company was arranged upon a cut-and-drled plan. The price of the stock was fixed arbitrarily by Mr. Hill, and these men stepped up, one after another, and deposited their stock. Nt passes understanding that men should place fabulous fortunes in the hands of a company of which they knew nothing. Each man was acting for himself. That is the way in which conspiracies to do an unlawful thing in an unlawful way are usually carried on. There was, to say the least, concerted action, which brings the same result as an agreement, and amounts to a conspiracy. Mr. Thorne testified that Mr. Hill had said it was his purpose to put the control of the Great Northern and Northern Pacific in the Northern Securi ties company. Mr. Baker and Mr. Ken nedy admitted practically the same thing. Mr. Hill admitted that he had considered deferring the annual meeting of the North ern Pacific, in which he was a small stock holder, so that the Morgan board could not be displaced by the Harriman interests, and the preferred stock could be retired Jan 1, 1902. The sophistry of counsel could not explain away this concert of action Mr. Morgan controlled the election of directors in October, and Mr. Hill was one of those selected. When his attention was called to the fact that it was unlawful for him to hold office in both roads, he re signed. Colonel Clough then resigned from the Great Northern as vice president, and became director of the Northern Pacific. Two months prior to the organization of the Northern Securities company Mr. Morgan began negotiations with Mr. Har riman to buy $78,000,000 of Northern Pa cific stock and pay for it in Northern Se curities stock. So confident was he that he would control this corporation yet un born work met and organized the cowtpany. ao-li*ton. The three young men selected to do the -86 and the lowest reported was 30, at Wil- &]&d&miM&^ ! t^i^ WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 10, 1903. ^&^WY? cording to the program. They passed the' resolution to purchase the Northern Pa cific stock Nov. 13, and on Nov. 14 mey passed the one relating to Great Northern stock. Northern Pacific's Action Recited. } The action of the Northern Pacific di rectors in retiring the preferred stock was cited as a oorporate action at the bidding of the Northern Securities company. An attempt was made to show that money was paid, but it was a mere exchange of checks. The Northern Securities com pany purchased the Northern Pacific, just the same as the two" roads purchased the Burlingtonby acquiring the stock. Then it secured a majority of the Great North ern stock, or purchased that road. "The Northern Securities company then started out," said Mr. Munn, "on Its piratical career of destroying competition. In less than four weeks It began to ex ercise its power. To no other source can the famous circulars withdrawing the long rates be attributed." A recess was then taken for luncheon. Mr. Munn's argument is not likely to be finished before to-morrow morning. M. D. GROVER'S FINI8H He Argues That Stock Ownership Desn't Mean Control. M. D. Grover of the Great Northern finished his argument and closed the case for the defense yesterday afternoon. His address was chiefly a justification of the acts of the Northern Securities company, and a denial that actual, consolidation ex isted. He tried the "reductio ad absurd um" argument with the consolidation proposition. The Northern Securities company had done a perfectly legal busi ness when it bought the Northern Pacific stock, and a minority of the Great North ern. When it took the remainder of the Great Northern stock, then it violated the law. So if a man owning one share of Great Northern sold it to a man in New York who owned just half of the Great Northern and a majority of the Northern The G. 0. P. ElephantWhat's the Matter With You, G.B.? The British LionThey're Trying to Force Protection on Me^What Ails You? The Gh 0. P.They're Trying to Take a Little of My Protection Away. Pacific, the state would Insist the Great Northern's charter should be forfeited, and the Northern Pacific driven out of Minnesota. It was a very dangerous doctrine ad vanced by the circuit court of appeals, said Mr. Grover, that securing the power to suppress competition was doing it. This meant that the opportunity to com mit a crime constituted,a crime. The ownership of a majority of stock gave no control .of the acts of a corpora tion, declared Mr. Grover. The power of control was in the hands of the board of directors. He reviewed a Georgia case, in which the court decided that the hold ing of stock by a corporation outside the state was legal, tho it came under the court's construction of consolidation. The circuit court of appeals decided that the common ownership destroyed competition. Now the state sought to show that it meant a consolidation.. The various anti trust cases were citd, and the differences pointed out between them and the case at bar. In conclusion, Mr. Grover presented a new construction of the act of 1.874, pro hibiting the consolidation of parallel and competing lines. He said its language re -\ ferred back to an act of 1866, which per mitted the consolidation of connecting lines. The, 1874 act meant that two rail roads should not consolidate under an other name in a new company. It could not apply to acquirement of the stock by a holding company, so long as the rail roads kept up a distinct organization. NORTH DAKOTA FLA1 FROSTED Mercury Fell to 30 DegreesSome . * ' Flax Killed and Other _ * ^ . Crops Hurt. -, ' Special to The Journal. Fargo, N. D., June 10.It is feared that much flax was killed and other crops in the state damaged by the cold snap of last night. Killing frosts are reported at several points in the northwestern part of the state, with less severe temperatures in every county. The local temperature ws BITTER FIGHT^g IS PROMISED A. H. Hall Indicates Vigorous De fense for His Brother, the Health Commissioner. . The Grand Jury and Validity of tli Indictments to Be "- Attacked. r The Doctor Is Arraigned on Two In dictments Charging Malfeas- -- - '*- ^'Wi**i Office. "No "unbiased, grand jury in Hennepin county would ever indict Dr. Hall." This emphatic statement, made by A. H. Hall, attorney for and'brother of Health Commissioner Pearl M. Hall, arraigned this "morning on the charge of neglect of duty as a public officer, is significant of the fight which the state has on hand and which may result in some further sen sations. It is intimated by Br. Hall's friends that the indictments against him are the result of some strong influence and show the fine Italian hand of-some enemy. Poli tics is said to have played a considerable part therein, and all this A. H. Hall has set out to uncover. The attorney stated this morning in court that certain facts had come to his knowledge which made an investigation necessary and he asked time in which to THE SAME, ONLY DIFFEORENT prepare a motion to quash the indictments. Just what his grounds will be are not yet announced, but from the fact that this morning he secured a list of the grand jurors who reported last Moriday-and Tues day, and from the intimations of undue influence which have been made, it seems that a fight is to made on the character of the grand jury and the validity of the indictments. Dr. Hall Is Arraigned. Dr* Hall, accompanied by his brother, a number of friends and by several prom inent business men ready to. act as bonds men, appeared in Judge Elliott's court room shortly before noon to-day. From the conversation among this group, as well as from intimations heard from various other sources this morning, the action of the grand jury In indicting Dr. Hall came as a great surprise. Two indictments were read, both char ging neglect of duty as a public officer, the first alleging the failure on the part of the defendant to supply competent nurses and medical attendance to James Judge, afflicted with smallpox and con fined in the quarantine hospital. Judge is the- man who-escaped and later died from the exposure. The second true bill Sets up- similar charges in relation to Rose Pearl. , No plea'was entered in either case, and until Tuesday, June. 16, w^s given to make a motion:to quash the indictments and to enter pleas. A speedy trial was urged by Mr. Hall, but owing to the fact that this term's jury has been discharged, the cases will be continued.. Upon the consent of the county attorney, Judge Elliott dr dered that the defendant be released on his own recognizance. The witnesses who.gave testimony be fore the grand' jury and whose names ap pear on the indictments, are as follows. C. A. Endbank, E. C. Chatflld, Oscar F. Berger, J. W. Sehlimme, Anna Will, George R. Scott, J. M. Kistler, H. J. Turnstead Gracie Berger, Alfred E. Merrill, Alfred A. Burns, W. F. Nye, Harry Glidden, Mary GilmOre, Matie Thompson, H:' A Luxton, William E. Leonard, Burt O'Brien. T. 0. R. T. DIVED] Street Ry. Co. and Beet Sugar Co - Both Declare Dividends. jfgL Special to The Journal. -'-,- .New Tork, June 10.The Twin City Rapid Transit company's directors have declared the-regular quarterly dividend of 1% per cent- on preferred stock, payable July 1. The books close June 19 and re open July 2. .The directors of .the .American" Beet Sugar company have declared the regular -- P-^orly dividend of 1% per cent on pre* & if^-.tack payable JujgU ... , ,,_^_ THE^myER- LEAPS":tSill i JJPO N EAS T ST. LOUIS 1 i, S $ -UTMOST'CONFUSION IN EAST f S ST. LOUIS. , , , g ^ St. Louis, June 10.1 p. m.The utmost confusion reigns in East St. $ - Louis, and it is impossible to confirm - $ any of the reports of- drowning, $ which may aggregate fifty, and $ which will probably be much less. $ $ Congressman Rodenburg, who has charge of the patrol along Broad way, gives it as his estimate that $ 3 the number will be about thirty. The 8 ^ only drownings coming under his ^ 3 personal observation were those of 3 3 two women and a man, who lost $ 3 their lives, near his post of duty. 8 Numerous drownings were reported $ among levee workers, who were $ caught asleep by the flood, but their $ number is not known. $ All railway and wagon communi- 3 3 cation with East St. Louis has been g cut off. Only a limited number of $ 3 pedestrians is allowed to cross the 3 viaduct to East St. Louis. Refu- $ geesfrom East St. Louis are'allowed ^ $ to use the viaduct. Telegraph and S telephone communication is still in tact. Altho water has entered the 3 $ first floors of the buildings occu- $ ^ pied by the telegraph and telephone companies, the instruments have 4 3 been elevated out of its reach, and $ the managers say that they will ^ maintain service to the last. g t THE EFFECT ON RECIPROCITY Washington Wonders What the Re sult of Mr. Chamberlain's Set Back Will Be. From The Journal Bureau, Room 45, Post Build ing-, Washington, /- Washington, June 10.Washington is not surprised at the news from London that Secretary Chamberlain's trariff policy is doomed to defeat. There is much specu lation as to what the effect of this defeat will be on Canada and reciprocity. It is generally believed that reciprocity senti ment will be strengthened in Canada, but if Mr. Chamberlain remains in the British cabinet it is believed that his influence/will be . steadily thrown against reciprocity so far as all the British colonies are con cerned. Lit is believed by those who know him well that altho apparently defeated at present, he will not be easily downed, but will await a favorable opportunity to re new his proposition. Meanwhile he will want all the colonies to hold aloof from trade alliances with other natibns. Of course his influence in colonial circles may not be great enough to accomplish this, and he may be unable, in particular to prevent Canada from entering into the trade agreement with the United States. Mr. Chamberlain's enemies. in England iiave done just what it was thought here they would .'do namely, forced the' free trade issue, instead of giving Mr. Cham berlain a year or more in which to culti vate sentiment in favor of it. State department .officials are somewhat surprised that Senator Fairbanks, chair man and joint high commissioner, did not come to Washington with the. president last Friday, instead pf stopping off at Harrisburg and going on from "there to Princeton, where-his son will be graduated this week. -Undoubtedly Senator Fair banks took up the question of the recon vening of the joint^hlgh commission with -the president,, but thus far the" latter has said hothlng..ab6ut the matter to Secre tary. Hay. I t Is believed Mr. Fairbanks is likely to, stop in Washington on his way home from Princeton. It is known here that he Is greatly interested 1n the high joint*matter and is very desirous of secur ing a meeting of the commission this sum- mer.^" ' 'i-Ki -~~~-^ g-W. 33klerm'anev. 16 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK/ AT LEAST 30 LIVES ARE REPORTED LOST , g The Water Rose Steadily During the Night and Swept Away the Illinois Central Em bankment on Which 1,000 Peo ple Were Working. The Alarm Was Spread Thruout the City and Pandemonium Reigned in the StreetsThe City of 32,000 People Was Under Water by NoonBroadway, Running East and West, Was Abandoned to tha Flood Early This MorningA Break in the Baltimore & Ohia Levee on the North Was Also Reported. . ^ - , - TEN THOUSAND REFUGEES ! St. Louis, June 10.Ten thousand refugees from the East Side district, that is either submerged or threatened, are fleeing toward the bluffs to the east, many taking trolley cars to Belleville, 111. . ., . Q . St. Louis, June 10.At 8 a. m. the southern half of East St. Louis was under water, and it is believed to be only a question of a few hours before the whole city of 32,000 inhabitants will be submerged, for the river is rising. St. Louis, June 10.A telephone message at 9:30 from Congressman Rodenburg said thirty lives had already been lost in the East St. Louis flood. A break in the Baltimore & Ohio levee on the north was reported, menacing the city from that point. ' St. Louis, June 10.The river this morning reached a stage of 37.9 feet, the highest point during the present flood. East St. Louis, with a population of 32,000, having large manufacturing in- terests and the- terminal point for railroads from the north, east and south, is partly, under water, and will probably be totally submerged. The southern half of East St. Louis is deep in the flood, and the city's 2,500 levee builders have fallen back on Missouri avenue in the attempt to save the re- mainder of the city, menaced by swelling waters from three"sides. Broadway, the central east and west thorofare, has been abandoned to the flood. Lee Harper, former city engineer, says that the water will be two feet deep in front of the city hall before 6 o'clock this evening.- ,.,''-.''-'^ h ? . " Seven miles of water, pressing from the south and southeast, overcame the city's line of defense shortly before 1 o'clock this morning, and 5,000 persons wem driven from their homes. Numerous reports of drownings have been received. HOW THE RIVER WON THE LONG FIGHT. ft I One thousand men were working on the part of the levee which broke. For several hours before the final break thy had the active Assistance of hundreds of women and children, The break came at the St. Louis valley crossing of the TIM- **'~: . nois Central embankment, two miles south of Relay depot. '** .''- J }y"'--. - domestic establishments, paraded the streets. The common direction of all move- ment is toward the bridge, over which the refugees were hurrying to St. Louis. At-sunrise this bridge was Tpractically the only means of crossing the river open to the throng. All traffic to East St. Louis from the west side was suspended, and . . policemen turned back all who attempted the trip. The Eads bridge cars went to the west side of Cahokia creek viaduct, jwhere passengers dismounted, walked oyerahd took the cars at the east end. The via- duct was in a precarious condition and was not expected to stand long. . '". , THE DEATH LIST IS NOT KNOWN. *r - i . . .".. : At 9 o'clock ^Cwxgressman W. A. Roderburg estimated that thirty lives were lost in the flooding of the lower portion of East St. Louis. While general alarms were given by the police and retreating levee workers with shouts and pistols, there was not time to call at-verx- housefaxthe jthickly, settled distr|ctst and l% jq feeUeved ' " - - i - - - A -T' While as many men, wttmen and children ad^u^^ad on the em- J f^s bankment wer heaving sand bags bj&tween the rails to preyeht the me"nac- J '*t ing waters from mounting over the top, the resistless current broke thru j "'"' the 16wer part of the wall of earth and spurted in- rivulets In the faces of those I who were carrying~sand bags up the bank. Bags thrown into the openings by | dozens were, tossed, by the waters like feathers. j - : __ . , : @ Then the workers fled" from their useless task and the alarm was given by the ringing of bells and blowing of whistles in every part of the city. A few of the workers on the embankment remained at their posts until the rushing waters made it necessary for them to swim for their lives. Then they joined their companions m warning the residents of the thickly settled districts of their danger. THE FLOOD IS AT .THE'SILLS OF THE HOUSES WHEN THE PEOPLE LEAVE. Awakened families saw the water In the streets. When they were ready to leave with their hurriedly collected'stock of necessities the flood was at their sills. Ail fled.to the north. The Washington school was the nearest point of safety. Many - made for the high ground near the Illinois Central tracks. Men from Alt. Sita and Derrverside, whod had been working on the abandoned" levee, hastened to these localities to tell their neighbors of their danger. Every locomotive and factory whistle joined in the clamor of alarm. The water was not expected to reach its level in the flooded part of the city before noon. Engineer Harper predicts that when the level Js reached the water will.be two feet higher than at 7 o'clock this nprning. Undismayed by the defeat which has come in their seven days' battle with the '-' flood, the greater part of the levee builders fell back to Broadway, where it was at first decided to resist the water. A half hour's work and survey of the prospect convinced those in charge that it was useless to try to keep the water from Broad- ~ way, and the flood fighters fell back upon Missouri avenue, which runs east from the Kelay station. Here the scenes of the' past week were repeated, as the street was ' rapidly transformed into a dike of sand bags and clay. An appeal from Mayor Cook to the governor of Illinois for state troops to aid V, In guarding property was answered by the promise that details of militia would be sent to East St. Louis at once. Relief boats started from St. Louis for East.St. Louis early this morning. By " order of Park Commissioner' Aull the skiffs used for recreation on the park lakes ,f." were collected to be sent on a WTiggins ferry boat to the east side. /* ' Congressman Rodenbaugh has issued an appeal for aid for the flood sufferers. ,-% Food, he says, is mostly needed, and means must be had for delivering it to persons,v- who are. in upper stories erf their homes or in box cars.' -~ Vs At S o'clock this morning the water had reached to the viaduct, only seven ?% blocks east of the city hall. In this public building a foot and a half of seep water -^' had already collected. -..-. )F THE FLIGHT BECOMES A PANIC. When the break occurred warnings were first sent thru the Dexter addition by ' messengers, who discharged firearms, blew horns and shouted In stentorian tones "- the news of the -flood' arrival. Lights gleamed in houses, where the occupants hadA,J, retired in confidence that the embankment would hold-- Persons scantily attired*^ emeVged from their homes, and in a few moments the whole populace of the low - district, six miles in area, were fleeing to higher ground. ' ',*' -As the noise of the approaching flood was heard the flight, at first a rapid re- /t* treat with some semblance o\. order, assumed a panic stage. All efforts to assure^TC the inhabitants that there was sufficient time to escape, unless a gap was washed-^ "* thru the embankment, failed to convince them, and most of them fled without any** \ effort to save property. ,^t /,...* - * '*' K\. *--' 4r^ Messengers-were sent to the main "portion of the city telling of the danger fromf?^ the new point of attack, and the greatest excitement prevailed. As the bottoms.^ filled and the river gained larger entrance, the terror in the business section of the "3? "inity grew Intense, it wassail the greater because of the darkness, and the fear that f/hile guard was maintained in one direction the torrent..would break thru at another?^:? point and engulf the luckless inhabitants between'two floods. By the thousanda^ they began to desert their homes and run vainly up and down the streets, seeking1,^ a place of succor.. Hundreds of families from the choicest residence portions of the^'l city, carrying trunks, grips, bundles of clothing and valuables, began to cross Eads '"* bridge towards St. LQUIS. /Most of the refugees were scantily clad. Strong men carried aged women in their.arms, followed by women with babies. Barefooted children were in the procession, which continued .steadily over the bifge. Htndreds of others sought protection in.the second story of the public library building. As the water encroached about it, many dashed thru the shallow overflow to And a more secure refuge. In terror of the rising tide of water, refu- gees in hundreds thronged the street,- crowded the cars and asked public officials - for aid. In the city hall alone 500 homeless persons, with such scant belongings as they had. been able td seize on short notice, were assembled. Provision for the time being was supplied them, and they were made as comfortable as possible in the auditorium on the third floor. Business was totally suspended. The streets are filled with the almost panic- stricken inhabitants of the invaded districts. Women with children in arms, men carrying household furniture, horses, dogs and other remains of once comfortable -**)M m s M -^ : rf- v'