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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, June 10, 1903, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1903-06-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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- S PRICE TWO CBNTBi--^^^*-.-'-^
p i
Split in Sentiment in the Cabinet
Puts Consols Down at the
Free Trade Wave Bises to Over-
- . whelm Mr. Chamberlain's
New Proposals.
Keen Interest and Remarkable Ani
mation Shown in the House
of Commons.
London, June 10.The split In the Brit
ish cabinet and the possible consequences
thereof, affected consols, which were put
down % at the opening of the stock ex
change to-day.
London, June 10.That the Interest in
the political situation has been enhanced
by the dramatic developments yesterday
was fully evidenced to-day by the remark
able animation and alertness of everybody
In and about the houses of parliament
when the time approached for the resump
tion of the debate in the house of com
mons on the amendment of Henry Chap
lin, conservative, to the budget bill.
Answers to questions not referring to
the great problem of the day passed al
most unnoticed, so keen was the anxiety
to get to the all-absorbing topic.
The debate was resumed by Major See
ley, conservative, who, as a convinced free
trader, rejoiced in the repeal of the grain
Sir Charles Dilke, advanced radical,
contended that the house had the right
to demand an opportunity for pronounc
ing judgment on this important fiscal
question. There was enormous exag
geration in the statement that it was fool
ish for this country to maintain a policy
differing from that of the rest of the
. world.
"While the United States and Germany
were reaping much prosperity under pro
tection, Great Britain's foreign exports
at the moment were equal to the com
bined exports of the United States, Ger
many and France, which, considering the
enormous expansion of the population of
the United States, was a truly surprising
The speaker denied that protectionist
countries were cutting out Great Britain
from the markets of the world.
Germany had not even hurt Great
Britain's market in South America,
and when one considered the great
natural advantages of the United
States, her size and highly cultivated
population, it was marvelous that she
had not years ago attained the first
place in trade. The commerce of the
United States had progressed inde
pendently of protection but it had
been retarded rather than advanced
by the adoption of protection.
H. H. Asquith, advanced liberal, former
ihome secretary, declared that the reason
for the abandonment of the grain tax re
mained an "unsolved and inscrutable
mystery." Mr. Chamberlain had told the
public that the tax .did not fall on the
consumer. If that was so the appeal was
a "magnificent display of international
attachment," as it practically meant that
Great Britain was making a present to
the United States of the $12,500,000 which
the tax brought in. All the opposition's
arguments against the tax were employed
by Mr. Ritchie yesterday evening to justi
fy the repeal. Never had a small minor
ity been so rapidly and completely justi
Describing the situation as "politically
indecent." Mr. Asquith urged an explicit
declaration of the collective judgment of
the cabinet in regard to the larger ques
tions of fiscal policy and, turning towards
Mr. Chamberlain, who at that moment
entered and sat down beside Premier
Balfour, Mr. Asquith asked the colonial
secretary what was his position in view
of yesterday's speech of the chancellor
of the exchequer, Mr. Ritchie. "Was Mr.
Chamberlain a brand plucked from the
burning? a backslider brought home again
by the gentle, persuasive Influence of the
chancellor of the exchequer? Was the
word "requiescat" or the word "resur
gam" to be carved on the tombstone of
the grain tax?
He was glad to see that Mr. Chamber
lain was still sitting on the cabinet bench,
altho it was quite unprecedented to see
two ministers sitting on the same benches
holding fundamentally and Irreconcilably
divergent views on a matter which af
fected more vitally than any other the
unity of the empire and its fiscal and com
mercial prosperity. It was unexampled
and an entire departure from the tradi
tions and rules of public life that upon
matters of this kind two responsible min
isters should omit not only discordant
opinions on public platforms but pose as
the respect propagandists of two wholly
Irreconcilable policies.
His Protection Policy Is Hopelessly
Snowed Under.
London. June 10.The rumored resigna
tion of Colonial Secretary Chamberlain is
the most startling development of the
proposal of the chancellor of the ex
chequer, Mr. Ritchie, to abolish the corn
tax, the debate on which kept the house
of commons packed and spellbound until
midnight last night. The colonial, secre
tary's preferential tariff program was
hopelessly snowed under, and his influence
as a political power In Great Britain at
least temporarily eclipsed.
All . the members of the government,
who spoke vigorously, declared themselves
as free traders and frankly opposed Mr.
Chamberlain's proposals. Except for Mr.
Chaplin, not a voice on either side of the
house was raised in effective support of
Mr. Chamberlain's campaign.
Former members of cabinets and pri
vate members, irrespective of party, pro
tested against any dickering with Great
Britain's fiscal policy. The unionists vied
with the liberals in declaring themselves
out and out" free traders. All that is
lacking in- the complete rout of the pro
tectionist cabinet minister was Mr. Bal
four's official, pronouncement, as premier,
and on behalf of the government, that
the cabinet as a whole refused to adopt
Mr. Chamberlain's views.
"Oil and vltrol" is the only adequate
description of Sir Michael Hicks-Beach's
epeech, wrilch started the revolt. Amid
intense silence this famous tory ex-mln
"*ister extolled the colonial secretary's vir
v tues and damned his program.
- , "Black Michael," as he Is familiarly
called, was never seen to better advan
t'tage. The ministers sat with .troubled
r,", faces. Mr. Balfour looking especially de-
^ fleeted. Mr. Chamberlain, deserting his
I usual place, paler even than usual,
stretched himself nonchalantly at the end
of the treasury bench. Thruout the after
noon'.he never exchanged a word with
his cblleagues.
After Mr. Ritchie had denounced the
colonial secretary's ideas. Mr. Chamber
lain stalked out of the chamber without
even a nod to Mr. Balfour.
Light in Which M. D. Mnnn Seeks
to Place the Railroad
Well Studied Answer to Judge
Yonng's Extended Plea of,
- Justification,
Defense, He Says, Has Practically
Admitted All Allegations in
State's Complaint.
Marcus D. Munn of St. Paul began the
closing argument for the state in the
Northern Securities case before Judge
Lochren this morning. The early part of
his address was an arraignment of the
acts of James J. Hill, J. Pierpont Morgan
and their associates. He reviewed the
whole history of the merger t6 show that
there was a conspiracy from the start to
suppress competition and his argument
was a well studied answer to the plea of
justification advanced by Judge George B:
Young and M. D. Grovr. His construc
tion of the various acts of 1901 was that
the "coterie" was attempting to do an
illegal thing in a legal way. While each
man claimed to be acting for himself and
without any agreement, all acted in con
cert and the result pointed to a con
spiracy to violate the law.
The State's Rights.
Mr. Munn said he would reply fully to
the attack made on the rights of the
state of Minnesota to prohibit consolida
tion and would show that the sovereignty
of the state and of the nation were each
complete, in their respective spheres.
Counsel for the defense, he said, had de
voted much time to showing the be
nevolent nature of the merger. They
urged the courts to set aside the laws, be
cause Mr. Hill was seeking to build up
a great oriental trade. "Such an argu
ment should be addressed to our legisla
tive bodies," said Mr. Munn. "It has no
place in this courtroom, and I will pay no
further attention to it."
Mr. Munn then said the court was, no
doubt, surprised at the submission of
three volumes of testimony since the ad
missions made in the defense. They had
acknowledged the common ownership of
the stock, and practically all the facts
Referring to the "rights of stockhold-
ers," Mr. Munn said that there was no
desire to abridge the rights of any man
but to preserve the rights of all men, the
rich and poor, alike. The state was in
terested only in enforcing its laws.
Mr. Hill's Denial.
. Mr. Munn then referred to the testi
mony of President Hill, in which he de
nied that anything had been done to re
move competition. This was refuted by
the exhibited circulars, in which compe
tition was eliminated between junction
Continued on Second Page.
. "Much has been said of the 'testimony
of the state's witnesses' by the counsel,"
said Mr. Munn. ../,...
"I will remind your honor that the
nature of the case compelled us to take
the evidence of the defendants them
selves as to their acts. This is a case in
equity, and it is the privilege and duty
of the court to examine this evidence in
the light of motives of the witnesses. I
think it is clear that without, deliberately
intending to perjure themselves, these
witnesses have been very careful to give
.their version of the case as they saw it."
The defendants had been attempting to
do an unlawful thingconsolidate parallel
and competing linesin a lawful way. He
maintained that this was a conspiracy. The
ambition of Mr. Hill and Mr. Morgan was
evidently to "form a more perfect union"
of the two railroads. Testimony was read
to show that control of the two companies
prior to May, 1901, was in the hands of
Mr. Hill and Mr. Morgam
. Merger Preliminaries.
Mr. Munn then reviewed the acts leading
up to the merger. First Hill and Morgan
"purchased" the Burlington not by a deed
but by acquiring the stock, and Issuing
joint bonds for the same. The Union Pa
cific demanded a voice in the Burlington.
This was denied. Mr. Harrlman then, made
"the boldest move ever made on the finan
cial checkerboard in this country." He
started to buy the Northern Pacific He
bought $41,000,000 of the preferred and
$37,000,000 of the common, or a majority
of the total stock. Mr. Morgan succeeded
in retaining control of the common stock.
The retirement of the preferred stock, not
before broached, was now made neces
sary to keep control of the road in Hill
Morgan hands. This was done by agree
ment. It was the foundation of the whole
merger scheme. The "coterie" then sought
to put the stock where it would stay, and
make their control permanent. So the
Northern Securities company was organ
ized, after a fruitless search for a terri
torial charter, "beyond legislative amend
1 ! "
A Question Answered. -
"Politeness compels me," said Mr. Munn,
"to answer Judge Young's question as to
the difference between the Twin City
Rapid Transit company and the North
ern Securities incorporation. The differ
ence is that between a lawful and an un
lawful act. The Twin City company
is organized to operate connecting and
.continuous lines. The Securities company
is organized to control parallel and com
peting lines."
The Northern Securities company was
arranged upon a cut-and-drled plan. The
price of the stock was fixed arbitrarily by
Mr. Hill, and these men stepped up, one
after another, and deposited their stock.
Nt passes understanding that men should
place fabulous fortunes in the hands of
a company of which they knew nothing.
Each man was acting for himself. That
is the way in which conspiracies to do an
unlawful thing in an unlawful way are
usually carried on. There was, to say the
least, concerted action, which brings the
same result as an agreement, and amounts
to a conspiracy. Mr. Thorne testified that
Mr. Hill had said it was his purpose to
put the control of the Great Northern and
Northern Pacific in the Northern Securi
ties company. Mr. Baker and Mr. Ken
nedy admitted practically the same thing.
Mr. Hill admitted that he had considered
deferring the annual meeting of the North
ern Pacific, in which he was a small stock
holder, so that the Morgan board could
not be displaced by the Harriman interests,
and the preferred stock could be retired
Jan 1, 1902. The sophistry of counsel
could not explain away this concert of
Mr. Morgan controlled the election of
directors in October, and Mr. Hill was one
of those selected. When his attention was
called to the fact that it was unlawful for
him to hold office in both roads, he re
signed. Colonel Clough then resigned from
the Great Northern as vice president, and
became director of the Northern Pacific.
Two months prior to the organization
of the Northern Securities company Mr.
Morgan began negotiations with Mr. Har
riman to buy $78,000,000 of Northern Pa
cific stock and pay for it in Northern Se
curities stock. So confident was he that
he would control this corporation yet un
born work met and organized the cowtpany. ao-li*ton.
The three young men selected to do the -86 and the lowest reported was 30, at Wil-
! t^i^ WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 10, 1903. ^&^WY?
cording to the program. They passed the'
resolution to purchase the Northern Pa
cific stock Nov. 13, and on Nov. 14 mey
passed the one relating to Great Northern
Northern Pacific's Action Recited. }
The action of the Northern Pacific di
rectors in retiring the preferred stock was
cited as a oorporate action at the bidding
of the Northern Securities company. An
attempt was made to show that money
was paid, but it was a mere exchange of
checks. The Northern Securities com
pany purchased the Northern Pacific, just
the same as the two" roads purchased the
Burlingtonby acquiring the stock. Then
it secured a majority of the Great North
ern stock, or purchased that road.
"The Northern Securities company then
started out," said Mr. Munn, "on Its
piratical career of destroying competition.
In less than four weeks It began to ex
ercise its power. To no other source can
the famous circulars withdrawing the
long rates be attributed."
A recess was then taken for luncheon.
Mr. Munn's argument is not likely to be
finished before to-morrow morning.
He Argues That Stock Ownership Desn't
Mean Control.
M. D. Grover of the Great Northern
finished his argument and closed the case
for the defense yesterday afternoon. His
address was chiefly a justification of the
acts of the Northern Securities company,
and a denial that actual, consolidation ex
isted. He tried the "reductio ad absurd
um" argument with the consolidation
proposition. The Northern Securities
company had done a perfectly legal busi
ness when it bought the Northern Pacific
stock, and a minority of the Great North
ern. When it took the remainder of the
Great Northern stock, then it violated the
law. So if a man owning one share of
Great Northern sold it to a man in New
York who owned just half of the Great
Northern and a majority of the Northern
The G. 0. P. ElephantWhat's the Matter With You, G.B.?
The British LionThey're Trying to Force Protection on Me^What Ails You?
The Gh 0. P.They're Trying to Take a Little of My Protection Away.
Pacific, the state would Insist the Great
Northern's charter should be forfeited,
and the Northern Pacific driven out of
It was a very dangerous doctrine ad
vanced by the circuit court of appeals,
said Mr. Grover, that securing the power
to suppress competition was doing it.
This meant that the opportunity to com
mit a crime constituted,a crime.
The ownership of a majority of stock
gave no control .of the acts of a corpora
tion, declared Mr. Grover. The power of
control was in the hands of the board of
directors. He reviewed a Georgia case,
in which the court decided that the hold
ing of stock by a corporation outside the
state was legal, tho it came under the
court's construction of consolidation. The
circuit court of appeals decided that the
common ownership destroyed competition.
Now the state sought to show that it
meant a consolidation.. The various anti
trust cases were citd, and the differences
pointed out between them and the case
at bar.
In conclusion, Mr. Grover presented a
new construction of the act of 1.874, pro
hibiting the consolidation of parallel and
competing lines. He said its language re -\
ferred back to an act of 1866, which per
mitted the consolidation of connecting
lines. The, 1874 act meant that two rail
roads should not consolidate under an
other name in a new company. It could
not apply to acquirement of the stock by
a holding company, so long as the rail
roads kept up a distinct organization.
Mercury Fell to 30 DegreesSome
. * ' Flax Killed and Other _ * ^
. Crops Hurt. -, '
Special to The Journal.
Fargo, N. D., June 10.It is feared that
much flax was killed and other crops in
the state damaged by the cold snap of
last night.
Killing frosts are reported at several
points in the northwestern part of the
state, with less severe temperatures in
every county. The local temperature ws
A. H. Hall Indicates Vigorous De
fense for His Brother, the
Health Commissioner. .
The Grand Jury and Validity of tli
Indictments to Be
"- Attacked. r
The Doctor Is Arraigned on Two In
dictments Charging Malfeas- --
- '*- ^'Wi**i Office.
"No "unbiased, grand jury in Hennepin
county would ever indict Dr. Hall."
This emphatic statement, made by A.
H. Hall, attorney for and'brother of Health
Commissioner Pearl M. Hall, arraigned
this "morning on the charge of neglect of
duty as a public officer, is significant of
the fight which the state has on hand
and which may result in some further sen
It is intimated by Br. Hall's friends
that the indictments against him are the
result of some strong influence and show
the fine Italian hand of-some enemy. Poli
tics is said to have played a considerable
part therein, and all this A. H. Hall has
set out to uncover.
The attorney stated this morning in
court that certain facts had come to his
knowledge which made an investigation
necessary and he asked time in which to
prepare a motion to quash the indictments.
Just what his grounds will be are not yet
announced, but from the fact that this
morning he secured a list of the grand
jurors who reported last Moriday-and Tues
day, and from the intimations of undue
influence which have been made, it seems
that a fight is to made on the character
of the grand jury and the validity of the
Dr. Hall Is Arraigned.
Dr* Hall, accompanied by his brother,
a number of friends and by several prom
inent business men ready to. act as bonds
men, appeared in Judge Elliott's court
room shortly before noon to-day. From
the conversation among this group, as well
as from intimations heard from various
other sources this morning, the action of
the grand jury In indicting Dr. Hall came
as a great surprise.
Two indictments were read, both char
ging neglect of duty as a public officer,
the first alleging the failure on the part
of the defendant to supply competent
nurses and medical attendance to James
Judge, afflicted with smallpox and con
fined in the quarantine hospital. Judge is
the- man who-escaped and later died from
the exposure. The second true bill Sets
up- similar charges in relation to Rose
Pearl. ,
No plea'was entered in either case, and
until Tuesday, June. 16, w^s given to make
a motion:to quash the indictments and to
enter pleas. A speedy trial was urged
by Mr. Hall, but owing to the fact that
this term's jury has been discharged, the
cases will be continued.. Upon the consent
of the county attorney, Judge Elliott dr
dered that the defendant be released on
his own recognizance.
The witnesses who.gave testimony be
fore the grand' jury and whose names ap
pear on the indictments, are as follows.
C. A. Endbank, E. C. Chatflld, Oscar F.
Berger, J. W. Sehlimme, Anna Will, George
R. Scott, J. M. Kistler, H. J. Turnstead
Gracie Berger, Alfred E. Merrill, Alfred
A. Burns, W. F. Nye, Harry Glidden,
Mary GilmOre, Matie Thompson, H:' A
Luxton, William E. Leonard, Burt O'Brien.
T. 0. R. T. DIVED]
Street Ry. Co. and Beet Sugar Co
- Both Declare Dividends. jfgL
Special to The Journal. -'-,-
.New Tork, June 10.The Twin City
Rapid Transit company's directors have
declared the-regular quarterly dividend of
1% per cent- on preferred stock, payable
July 1. The books close June 19 and re
open July 2.
.The directors of .the .American" Beet
Sugar company have declared the regular
-- P-^orly dividend of 1% per cent on pre*
if^-.tack payable JujgU ... , ,,_^_
THE^myER- LEAPS":tSill
1 i,
S ST. LOUIS. , , ,
g ^ St. Louis, June 10.1 p. m.The
utmost confusion reigns in East St. $
- Louis, and it is impossible to confirm -
$ any of the reports of- drowning,
$ which may aggregate fifty, and $
which will probably be much less. $
$ Congressman Rodenburg, who has
charge of the patrol along Broad
way, gives it as his estimate that $
3 the number will be about thirty. The 8
^ only drownings coming under his ^
3 personal observation were those of 3
3 two women and a man, who lost $
3 their lives, near his post of duty.
8 Numerous drownings were reported $
among levee workers, who were
$ caught asleep by the flood, but their
$ number is not known.
$ All railway and wagon communi- 3
3 cation with East St. Louis has been
g cut off. Only a limited number of $
3 pedestrians is allowed to cross the 3
viaduct to East St. Louis. Refu- $
geesfrom East St. Louis are'allowed ^
$ to use the viaduct. Telegraph and
S telephone communication is still in
tact. Altho water has entered the 3
$ first floors of the buildings occu- $
^ pied by the telegraph and telephone
companies, the instruments have 4
3 been elevated out of its reach, and $
the managers say that they will ^
maintain service to the last. g
Washington Wonders What the Re
sult of Mr. Chamberlain's Set
Back Will Be.
From The Journal Bureau, Room 45, Post Build
ing-, Washington, /-
Washington, June 10.Washington is not
surprised at the news from London that
Secretary Chamberlain's trariff policy is
doomed to defeat. There is much specu
lation as to what the effect of this defeat
will be on Canada and reciprocity. It is
generally believed that reciprocity senti
ment will be strengthened in Canada, but
if Mr. Chamberlain remains in the British
cabinet it is believed that his influence/will
be . steadily thrown against reciprocity
so far as all the British colonies are con
Lit is believed by those who know him
well that altho apparently defeated at
present, he will not be easily downed, but
will await a favorable opportunity to re
new his proposition. Meanwhile he will
want all the colonies to hold aloof from
trade alliances with other natibns. Of
course his influence in colonial circles may
not be great enough to accomplish this,
and he may be unable, in particular to
prevent Canada from entering into the
trade agreement with the United States.
Mr. Chamberlain's enemies. in England
iiave done just what it was thought here
they would .'do namely, forced the' free
trade issue, instead of giving Mr. Cham
berlain a year or more in which to culti
vate sentiment in favor of it.
State department .officials are somewhat
surprised that Senator Fairbanks, chair
man and joint high commissioner, did not
come to Washington with the. president
last Friday, instead pf stopping off at
Harrisburg and going on from "there to
Princeton, where-his son will be graduated
this week. -Undoubtedly Senator Fair
banks took up the question of the recon
vening of the joint^hlgh commission with
-the president,, but thus far the" latter has
said hothlng..ab6ut the matter to Secre
tary. Hay. I t Is believed Mr. Fairbanks is
likely to, stop in Washington on his way
home from Princeton. It is known here
that he Is greatly interested 1n the high
joint*matter and is very desirous of secur
ing a meeting of the commission this sum-
mer.^" '
'i-Ki -~~~-^ g-W. 33klerm'anev.
, g
The Water Rose Steadily During the Night and
Swept Away the Illinois Central Em
bankment on Which 1,000 Peo
ple Were Working.
The Alarm Was Spread Thruout the City and Pandemonium Reigned
in the StreetsThe City of 32,000 People Was Under Water by
NoonBroadway, Running East and West, Was Abandoned to tha
Flood Early This MorningA Break in the Baltimore & Ohia
Levee on the North Was Also Reported. . ^ - , -
St. Louis, June 10.Ten thousand refugees from the East Side district,
that is either submerged or threatened, are fleeing toward the bluffs to the
east, many taking trolley cars to Belleville, 111.
. ., . Q
. St. Louis, June 10.At 8 a. m. the southern half of East St. Louis was under
water, and it is believed to be only a question of a few hours before the whole city
of 32,000 inhabitants will be submerged, for the river is rising.
St. Louis, June 10.A telephone message at 9:30 from Congressman Rodenburg
said thirty lives had already been lost in the East St. Louis flood. A break in the
Baltimore & Ohio levee on the north was reported, menacing the city from that
point. '
St. Louis, June 10.The river this morning reached a stage of 37.9 feet, the
highest point during the present flood.
East St. Louis, with a population of 32,000, having large manufacturing in-
terests and the- terminal point for railroads from the north, east and south, is partly,
under water, and will probably be totally submerged.
The southern half of East St. Louis is deep in the flood, and the city's 2,500
levee builders have fallen back on Missouri avenue in the attempt to save the re-
mainder of the city, menaced by swelling waters from three"sides. Broadway, the
central east and west thorofare, has been abandoned to the flood.
Lee Harper, former city engineer, says that the water will be two feet deep in
front of the city hall before 6 o'clock this evening.- ,.,''-.''-'^ h ? . "
Seven miles of water, pressing from the south and southeast, overcame the
city's line of defense shortly before 1 o'clock this morning, and 5,000 persons wem
driven from their homes. Numerous reports of drownings have been received.
One thousand men were working on the part of the levee which broke. For
several hours before the final break thy had the active Assistance of hundreds of
women and children, The break came at the St. Louis valley crossing of the TIM- **'~:
. nois Central embankment, two miles south of Relay depot. '**
J }y"'--. -
domestic establishments, paraded the streets. The common direction of all move-
ment is toward the bridge, over which the refugees were hurrying to St. Louis.
At-sunrise this bridge was Tpractically the only means of crossing the river open
to the throng. All traffic to East St. Louis from the west side was suspended, and . .
policemen turned back all who attempted the trip.
The Eads bridge cars went to the west side of Cahokia creek viaduct, jwhere
passengers dismounted, walked oyerahd took the cars at the east end. The via-
duct was in a precarious condition and was not expected to stand long.
- i . . ."..
At 9 o'clock ^Cwxgressman W. A. Roderburg estimated that thirty lives were lost
in the flooding of the lower portion of East St. Louis. While general alarms were
given by the police and retreating levee workers with shouts and pistols, there was
not time to call at-verx- housefaxthe jthickly, settled distr|ctst and l% jq feeUeved
' " - - i - - - A -T'
While as many men, wttmen and children ad^u^^ad on the em- J f^s
bankment wer heaving sand bags bj&tween the rails to preyeht the me"nac- J '*t
ing waters from mounting over the top, the resistless current broke thru j "'"'
the 16wer part of the wall of earth and spurted in- rivulets In the faces of those I
who were carrying~sand bags up the bank. Bags thrown into the openings by |
dozens were, tossed, by the waters like feathers. j -
: __ . , : @
Then the workers fled" from their useless task and the alarm was given by the
ringing of bells and blowing of whistles in every part of the city. A few of the
workers on the embankment remained at their posts until the rushing waters made
it necessary for them to swim for their lives. Then they joined their companions m
warning the residents of the thickly settled districts of their danger.
Awakened families saw the water In the streets. When they were ready to
leave with their hurriedly collected'stock of necessities the flood was at their sills.
Ail fled.to the north. The Washington school was the nearest point of safety. Many -
made for the high ground near the Illinois Central tracks.
Men from Alt. Sita and Derrverside, whod had been working on the abandoned"
levee, hastened to these localities to tell their neighbors of their danger. Every
locomotive and factory whistle joined in the clamor of alarm.
The water was not expected to reach its level in the flooded part of the city
before noon. Engineer Harper predicts that when the level Js reached the water
will.be two feet higher than at 7 o'clock this nprning.
Undismayed by the defeat which has come in their seven days' battle with the '-'
flood, the greater part of the levee builders fell back to Broadway, where it was at
first decided to resist the water. A half hour's work and survey of the prospect
convinced those in charge that it was useless to try to keep the water from Broad- ~
way, and the flood fighters fell back upon Missouri avenue, which runs east from the
Kelay station. Here the scenes of the' past week were repeated, as the street was '
rapidly transformed into a dike of sand bags and clay.
An appeal from Mayor Cook to the governor of Illinois for state troops to aid V,
In guarding property was answered by the promise that details of militia would be
sent to East St. Louis at once.
Relief boats started from St. Louis for East.St. Louis early this morning. By "
order of Park Commissioner' Aull the skiffs used for recreation on the park lakes ,f."
were collected to be sent on a WTiggins ferry boat to the east side. /* '
Congressman Rodenbaugh has issued an appeal for aid for the flood sufferers. ,-%
Food, he says, is mostly needed, and means must be had for delivering it to persons,v-
who are. in upper stories erf their homes or in box cars.' -~ Vs
At S o'clock this morning the water had reached to the viaduct, only seven ?%
blocks east of the city hall. In this public building a foot and a half of seep water -^'
had already collected. -..-. )F
When the break occurred warnings were first sent thru the Dexter addition by '
messengers, who discharged firearms, blew horns and shouted In stentorian tones "-
the news of the -flood' arrival. Lights gleamed in houses, where the occupants hadA,J,
retired in confidence that the embankment would hold-- Persons scantily attired*^
emeVged from their homes, and in a few moments the whole populace of the low -
district, six miles in area, were fleeing to higher ground. ' ',*'
-As the noise of the approaching flood was heard the flight, at first a rapid re- /t*
treat with some semblance o\. order, assumed a panic stage. All efforts to assure^TC
the inhabitants that there was sufficient time to escape, unless a gap was washed-^ "*
thru the embankment, failed to convince them, and most of them fled without any** \
effort to save property. ,^t /,...* - * '*' K\. *--' 4r^
Messengers-were sent to the main "portion of the city telling of the danger fromf?^
the new point of attack, and the greatest excitement prevailed. As the bottoms.^
filled and the river gained larger entrance, the terror in the business section of the "3?
"inity grew Intense, it wassail the greater because of the darkness, and the fear that
f/hile guard was maintained in one direction the torrent..would break thru at another?^:?
point and engulf the luckless inhabitants between'two floods. By the thousanda^
they began to desert their homes and run vainly up and down the streets, seeking1,^
a place of succor.. Hundreds of families from the choicest residence portions of the^'l
city, carrying trunks, grips, bundles of clothing and valuables, began to cross Eads '"*
bridge towards St. LQUIS. /Most of the refugees were scantily clad.
Strong men carried aged women in their.arms, followed by women with babies.
Barefooted children were in the procession, which continued .steadily over the
bifge. Htndreds of others sought protection in.the second story of the public
library building. As the water encroached about it, many dashed thru the shallow
overflow to And a more secure refuge. In terror of the rising tide of water, refu-
gees in hundreds thronged the street,- crowded the cars and asked public officials -
for aid. In the city hall alone 500 homeless persons, with such scant belongings
as they had. been able td seize on short notice, were assembled. Provision for the
time being was supplied them, and they were made as comfortable as possible in
the auditorium on the third floor.
Business was totally suspended. The streets are filled with the almost panic-
stricken inhabitants of the invaded districts. Women with children in arms, men
carrying household furniture, horses, dogs and other remains of once comfortable
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