THE STORY OF AN
Chief Cloudman, Wisest and Host Enlightened of the Sioux and the Em-
inence His Descendants Have AttainedHis Village Early in the
-Nineteenth Century Was on the Shores of Lakes Calhoun and
] . - Harriet. . - - . " - "- '"*"''"
Jhief Cloudman was one of the strongest
characters among the natives on the" head
waters of the Mississippi in the earlier half
of the nineteenth century. He was one of the
most prominent chiefs of the Santee band of
S(oux Indians, born in the closing.decade, of
the eighteenth century. He was brave In
battle, wise in council, and possessed many
othor noble qualities, which caused him to
rise far above his fellow chieftans. He pos
sessed a large fund of common sense. Years
prior to the advent of the white man in this
region, he regarded hunting and fishing as
a too precarious means of livelihood, and at
tempted to teach his people agriculture and
succeeded to a limited extent. Before the
coming of the missionaries, he taught and
nforced by his example - this principle
namely, that it was wrong to kill non-combat
ants, or to kill under any circumstances In
tirno oE peace. He considered it right, how
ever, to slay his
favored peace rather1
Son of Chief Cloudman and Successor to
the ChieftainshipNow Living at
Flandreau, S. D.
c-ff, they had to remove and Join their people
on the banks of the Minnesota and. farther
west. He located his greatly reduced band
at Bloomington, directly west of his original
village. This removal occurred prior to 1838,
He was one of the first of his tribe -to ac
cept the white man's ways and urged his band
to follow his example. This fact is confirmed
by the great progress his descendants have
He was the first Sioux Indian of any note to
welcomo those now famous pioneer mission
ariesthe Pond Brothers. As early as 18S4
he encouraged them to erect their home and
inaugurato their work in his village. In all
the treaties formed between the government
and the Sioux, he was always the ready and
able advocate of the white man's cause. He
seems to have foreseen the helplessness of
his race before the progress of civilization.
Tn fait, his peace policy made him rather un
popular among his fellow chieftans. He
throw all the weight of his powerful influ
ence in favor of the cession to the United
States government of the military reserva
tion on which Fort Sneiling stands. Hence
it was highly appropriate that he was burled
just back of Mendota on tho bank of the
urroundirg country.. He died at Fort
Sneiling/in January, 1863, -and was buried
with thirty other Indians outside the en
trance) to the Catholic cemetery at Men
He was the father of seven children, all of
whom are dead except his youngest son,
Daniel Weston, his successor in the chief
tainship, who lives at an advanced age at
Flandreau. S. D. He -was for many years
a. catechist of the Episcopal church.
His two daughters were called Hushes
the^Nlght and Stands-Like-a-Spirit. They
were' once the belles of Lake Harriet, to
whom the officers and fur traders paid hom-
DISCREDIT TO CIVILIZATION
British Physician Attacks Sanitary
Laws of the Empire.
JTew York Sun Special Service.
London, July 30.At the opening of tho
annual conference of the British Medical
association. Dr. Griffiths, the president,
declared that Great Britain loses annual
ly 60,000 lives that could be saved by
even moderate improvements in the sani
tary law and in its administration.
The loss was largely of children under
1 year of age, the mortality among them
having- increased in the past thirty-six
years. This and the diminished birth rate
were too ugly facts that were discredita
ble to the country and modern civilization.
There are 227 lead-pencil factories in
Germany, which employ 2,813 persons and
export each year i 61'4' tons of pencils
Physicians Baffled for 6 Years by a
Case That a Change In Food
Cured In 6 Weeks.
There is almost, miraculous power in a
change of food if the right food be taken
A case said to be without parallel is
that of a paralyzed and dumb child whom
23. different doctors were puzzled over yet
who recovered his speech in two weeks
and finally got entirely well by using the
scientific food Grape-Nuts. This child's
mother was asked to tell about the case
and said: "Six years ago -without a mo
ment's warning my boy went off into con
vulsions. He had three the first day and
for nearly 6 years he had from three to (50
spasms a day all of very short duration
but very severe. He lost his speech entire
ly and lost the use of his legs and arms,
also of his nerve centers, being paralyzed
so that he was perfectly helpless and
dumb. I fed him with a teaspoon and we
had him treated by physicians in many of
the large cities thruout the country with
out being able to get any help at all.
"In all 23 different physicians examined
and treated my boy and all pronounced his.
case without parallel in medical history
so far as they knew and beyond the reach
of medical science. His bowels never
moved without physic, going as long as
three weeks. His lower bowels could not
handle food the least bit starchy.
"He did not seem to have a disease" of
any kind and as the physicians were all
baffled I did not know what to do and we
gave up hope. The doctors said his nerves
and brain were affected and poor circula
tion and cerebrospinal irritation caused
his convulsions. He had as high as 200
convulsions in two weeks as many doctora
"Now comes the wonderful part of the
tale for he had not taken Grape-Nuts one
Week when his bowels moved and inside
of two weeks he began to talk, only being
' able to say words of one*syllable at first.
' In six weeks he has Improved beyond com
prehension and his case, which has as
tounded so many physicians, has complete
ly yielded to the-pure' food Grape-Nuts.
We lost nearly everything experimenting
' with different physicians and specialists
but I shall have to have Grape-Nuts for
''ray boy if I have to beg it." Name given
by Postum Co.. Battle Creek. Mich- .
... The power of the wrong food to do harm
, and the power of the pure food to cure are
', realized by very few people. The po,wer
- of-Grape-Nuts is proved by trial,
r Send for particulars by mail of extension
of time on the $7,500.00 cooks contest for
735 money prizes.
ago. They wtre very handsome and attrac
tive. Hushes-the-Nlght married a white
man named Lamont and became the mother
of a girl called Jane. She had cne sister,
who died childless in 1901. Jane Lamont
married Star Titus, a nephew of the Pond
brothers. They became the parents of three
sons and two daughters. Two of his sons
aro bankers and rank high among the best
business men of North Dakota. They are
recognized as leaders among the whites.
The other is a farmer near Tracy, Minn.
Stands-Like-a-Spirlt was the mother of
one daughter, Mary Nancy Eastman, whose
father. Captain Seth Eastman, was stationed
at Port Sneiling, 1830-36. Mary Nancy mar
ried Many Lightnings, a full-blood, one of
the leaders of the Wahpeton Sioux. They
became the parents of four sons and one
daughter. After Many Lightnings became a
in battle. Ho
than His own
band lived on the shores of lakes Calhoun
and Harriet. On the present site of lovely
Lakewocd cemetery was his village of several
hundred inhabitants, and, also, an Indian
burial place. This village was the front
guard against the war parties of the Ojibwas.
but Anally as their young men were killed
Christian, he took his wife's name. East
man, instead cf his own and gave all his
children English names.
John, the elder, and Charles Alexander,
the younger, have made tnis branch of the
Cloudman family widely and favorably
John Eastman, at twenty-six years of
age, became a Presbyterian minister, and
for more than a quarter of a centruy he
REV. JOHN EASTMAN.
Great Grandson of Chief Cloudman, Pas
tor of the First Presbyterian Church
at Flandreau, S. D.
has been tho successful pastor of the First
Presbyterian church at Flandreau, S. D.
He was for many years government agent
at that place. He is a strong factor in
Indian policy and politics. He has had
but a scanty English education in books,
but he has secured his training chiefly by
mingling with culture English speaking
In his early years Charles Alexander East
man (the winner) was carried away by his
savage uncle, White-Foot-Print, into the
British north-west territories, and was
brought up in all the wild ways of that
time and region, till he was fifteen years
of age. His father, John Jacob Eastman,
hunted for him, found him and restored him
to his home at Flandreau. He was pent to
Dr. Riggs' school and later to eastern col
leges. He is an alumnus of Dartmouth col
lege and of the Boston University school of
medicine. He has twice occupied the posi
tion of government secretary of Y. M. C. A.
for all the Indians in the United States and
Canada. He is a very acceptable writer for
magazines and the daily press. A few years
ago his "Recollccticns of Wild Life" ap
peared in St. Nicholas and .greatly delighted
both afluU and juvenile readers. He has
written a book entitled "An Indian Boy-
hood," and he is also preparing a work on
the "History of the Sioux Nation." Many
years ago Dr. Eastman married Miss Elaine
Goodal: , a cultured lady from Massa
chusetts, and a popular writer. Contrary
to the prophesies of the yellow journalists
at ihe time, they have lived happily to
gether ever since and are the proud parents
of five beautiful and brilliant children. Their
home is at Crow Creek Agency, where he is
now government physician. He is one of
the foremost men of his race.
R. J. Creswell.
BUSINESS IS GOOD
Philippine Customs Receipts Quad
ruple Under American Control.
Washington, July 30.A statement pre
pared by the bureau of' insular affairs of
the war department shows the customs
revenues in the Philip-pines for the first
four months of 1903 to have been $2,931,-
782, against $2,901,011 in the same period
in 1902 and $1,115,657 in 1899.
A comparison of the customs revenue
under Spanish administration during the
ten years from 1885 to 1895 with the period
from Aug. 20, 1898, to April 30. 1903, under
American occupation, shows the volume of
business to have increased about four
AIMED AT THE 'TATTIES"
Big Fellows Must. Pay Extra for
Shirts and Overalls.
New York Sun Special Service.
Chicago, July -30.That big men must
pay extra for their shirts and overalls
was decided at yesterday's session of the
Union Made Garment Makers' association,
which adopted a resolution to charge ex
tra prices hereafter for extra sizes in all
garments made by its members.
The resolution, which was introduced
by J. J. Cohen of the Racine Clothing
company, one of the smallest of the dele
gates,, was opposed by the big men, who
seemed to regard it as a personal matter.
Pursued Daughter's Betrayer and Killed
Columbia, S. C . Spc-cial to the "Washington
Yesterday afternoon Spain Kelley and
Howard Singleton were driving a double
team on the highway twelve miles from
Bishopville, when W. E. Creech drove by
in the opposite direction. Kelley instantly
snatched a pistol out of the bottom of the
buggy and fired three times, each shot
taking effect in Creech's back. Kelley
then picked up a shotgun and attempted
to fire, but Singleton got in the way.
Creech jumped out of-his*own buggy,and
got into one driven by William King, who
put his horse at a gallop. ESjlley drove
after the wounded man. but found he was
falling to-the rear. He then'stopped and,
outtiner one horse out of the harness.
sprang on its back, and pursued at full
speed. He overtook Creech after pursuit
of two miles, and fired twice with a shot
Creech, desperately wounded, pleaded
for mercy, while King whipped his horse
.into a run. Kelley loaded again, rode up
beside the buggy and finished Creech with
the full load in his body.
Creech is said to have ruined Kelley's
young daughter. He owned a livery stable
in Bishopville. Kelley has not been found
by the sheriff.
Kelley*, who killed Creech, is a member
of the legislature from Lee county. His
father was an English cricketer of note.
A dog turns round several times before
lying down, simply because his far-away
progenitors did: it in order to make a bed.
in the grass or the snow. In placing his'
nose on his paws, he is doing what those
same progenitors did to keep, their nostrils
protected, in the careful cleaning, of her
fur, the modern- cat imitates her remote
ancestors, who were able in this.way to
remove odors- likely to betray their pres
ence to their enemies and to the animals
| they were hunting.'
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUENAL.
HERE'S AN ANOMALY
First. Project of the Government A Sample Bottle-Sent Free by Mail.
Will Be Entirely for Benefit
of Private Land Owners..
Uncle Sam's Paternalistic Experi
ment in Building the Big
Salt Eiver Dam.
From The Journal Bureau, Boom 45, Post Build
ing, v, aohing-ton.
Washington, July 30. The first of the great
irrigation projects undertaken by the govern
ment will not result in making any of the
public domain "blossom like a rose." What
ever blossoming is done will accrue to the
benefit of private land owners. It is now
quite certain that whatever water is made
available by the three million dollar dam in
the Salt river valley will be needed for lands
which has already been taken up. Some of
the land may be sold at retail to new set
tlers but the government will have no hold
ings to offer under the homestead law.
This newa may surprise some people. Much
wa8 said in the debates in congress about
the desert wastes which, were to be made rich
and fertile, and which were to be throwu
open to the home-maker at nominal cost. The
land wa3 to be cut up into small holdings,
no one having more than 160 acres, and the
settler was to be charged only his pro rata
share of the cost of furnishing the water.
Thus congress was persuaded that it would
be a good scheme to raise a fund by the sale
of public lands, and use the money in mak
ing public lands arable and" valuable, -which
are now useless. -
Some of the other irrigation projects, to be
undertaken later, may result in reclaiming
some of the arid public land. The Truckee
river project in Nevada, on the boundary of
northern California will reclaim a small
tract, a- few thousand' acres ot government
land, within the next two years, and the
Milk river project, in Montana, may have
the same effect. But these works are still
in the stage of being investigated, and are
not being pushed with the energy evident in
the Salt river valley project. In fact, it is
frankly admitted that the Salt river project
is the one which the government officials
are considering as first in importance, as
well as in size and cost.
The land which will be watered by the Salt
river dam, reservoir and works is -practically
all in the hands of private owners. It is
difficult to say just how much water there
will be, or how much land it will be safe to
bring under cultivation, depending upon the
reservoir, but it is certain that there will be
no more water than will be wanted by owners
who are already on the ground.
Shy on Water Heretofore.
The country tributary to this Salt river
dam project has been practicing irrigation
on a large scale for a good many years. The
Salt river has been tapped by canals, and
all kinds of private enterprises have been
distributing the water, and promoting or
charding and gardening, until as many as
60,000 acres were brought under cultivation.
But the water of late years has been insuf
ficient for the land. For nearly seven years
the supply apparently has been growing less,
due perhaps to the reckless denudation of the
for-ast lands about the sources of the river,
and the consequence has been that farms
which once had water have been unable to
get an adequate supply, and have had to bo
abandoned. Some years the water has been
so scarce that there was barely enough for
20,000 acres. Scores of fine orchards have
died and the trees are now being cut for
Measurements of the water flowing thru the
Salt river show that there is enough water,
even in years of drought, to irrigate all and
more than thj land now under cultivation,
provided it be stored up in the rainy sea
son for use later in the dry months. And the
formation of the country suggests a huge
dam, just below the junction of Salt river
with Tonto creek, where the mountains which
form this drainage basin come close to
gether until they form a profound canyon,
with precipitous sides and. narrow . bottom,
thru which flows the Salt river as between
the po3ts of a great natural gateway. Here
is where the, dam will be built. It will rise,
a solid wall of stone and masonry, 250 lect in
height,- and 370 feet between the side towers,
backing up the water into a great artificial
lake which will be no less than fifteen miles
long by one and one-half miles in width, -and
covering ari area of 14,200 acres".
The water stored in this great receptacle
will be sufficient to irrigate 200,000 acres.
This is 140,000 acres more than ever have been
irrigated in ths best years, by relying on the
regular flow of Salt river, it is estimated
by some experts that the dam will give water
enough for 360,000 acres, but this is an out
side estimate. The conservative figures of F.
H. Newell, of the geological survey, place the
amount of land to be watered from the stor
age reservoir at 200,000 acres.
What, then, will' be the effect of building
this $3,000,000 work? In the first place the
5,000 or 6,000 people who have settled there,
and who have discovered that they can rely
en water for only about 30,000 acres, will be
saved from the loss of the entire other 3O.CO0
acres which they started to bring under cul
tivation., and which have been reverting to a
condition of dryness and desert waste. In
addition to saving this land and making it
permanently productive, the reservoir will
reclaim some 200,000 or more acres, the cul
tivation of which has never been attempted
and which never was possible on account of
the lack of water.
Speculators Have the Start.
But who owns that 200,000 acres of addi
tional land which will be suddenly converted
from perfo tly useless acreage into most valu
able and fertile farms?
Speculators. There is no denying that. The
ownership of the land tributary to the dam
has been brought to light by the preliminary
negotiations conducted by the officials of
the interior department, negotiations whose
chief object was to forestall any embarrassing
legal controversy by which private parties
might extort money from the government and
hamper the successful execution of the irri
gation project. The secretary of the interior
decided, and announced, that nothing should
be done toward the actual construction of the
dam until the government wes amply and
fully protected by the full and free consent of
every person whose lands would be dependent
on the reservoir for water. All such land
owners would have to agree, and to give th=i
lands as security, to abide by all such con
ditions as the government might impose upon
the users of Svattr or the subsequent pur
chasers of the land.
A Water Users' Association.
in order to accomplish this result most
simply and effectively, and to relieve the gov
ernmeiir. from the necessity of dealing In
dividually with the several thousand pro
prietors of the land, the latter were asked
to form themselves into an organization
known as the "Water Users' association "
duly incorporated, and with rules and by.
law:? and a governing body like any business
organization. By the terms of the organiza
tion every member surrendered to the asso
ciation a first mortgage on his land as a
guarantee that his part of the undertaking
should he fulfilled. The member of the asso
ciation agrees to abide by all contracts made
in his behalf, with the government, bv the
president and directors of the association.
He agrees to observe all rules and regulations
:naae in. regard to the use of the water. He
agrees to pay for the water at stipulated rates
and to reimburse the government for the
cost of the irrigation works and dam in
ten annual payments, pro rated according
to the number of acres in his holding All
such - narges become a charge against the
land, and, in event of the owner failing to
pay his dues, the association is empowered
to foreclose on the land.
Such is the device employed in this irri
gation district, as a medium thru which
the government may deal safely and expe
ditiously with several thousand prospective
water tenants. This is all new business for
the govern ment. Uncle Sam was never before
at the head of a big irrigation compary. It
is an experiment in paternalism and also in
The Water Users' Association of the Salt
River Valley has just been completed. The
KIDNEY AND BLADDER ~~
TROUBLES PROMPTLY CURED
Dr. Kilmer's Swa-mp-Root, the great kid
ney remedy, fulfils every wish "in prompt
ly curing kidney, bladder and uric acid
troubles, rheumatism and pain In the
back. It corrects Inability to hold water
and scalding pain in passing It, or bad
effects following use of liquor, wine or
beer, and overcomes that unpleasant ne
cessity of being: compelled to~ aro often
during the day and to get up.many times
during the night. The mild and the ex
traordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon'
realized. It stands the highest for its
wonderful cures of the most distressing:
Swamp-Root is not recommended . for
everything, but If you have kidney, liver,
bladder .or uric acid' trouble, you will And
it just the remedy you need.
If you need a medicine you should have
th.o best. Sola. toy, druggists tn fifty-cent
and one-d.qllar sizes, You may have a
sample bottle of this great kidney remedy,
Swamp-Root, and a book that tells all
about it and its great cures, both sent
absolutely free by mail. Address Dr. Kil
mer & Co., Blnghamton, N. T. When
writing, be sure to mention that you read
-this generous offer in The Minneapolis
Daily Journal. Don't make any mistake,
but remember the name, Swamp-Root, Dr.
Kilmer's SwamB-Root, and." the address,
Einshamton. N. Y on every bottle.
go into the buf.lness of supplying water. The
law requires that the land watered by federal
irrigation works shall be divided- into tracts
not to exceed in size 160 acres. The law even
gives the secretary of the interior discretion
to make the holdings still smaller, down to
forty acres. Each of these tracts must be
actually owned.and cultivated by a separate
individual. They cannot be worked in large
tracts, or held by landlords and. sub-let. to
Large Owners Must Self.
But much of land which has been put into
the "pool" of the Water Users' association
consists of large hofdlngs. Some of these
single holdings embrace as much as 10,000
acres. Few of them are sma'l enough to
come within the legal requirements, ft has
therefore become necessary for the govern
ment, speaking thru Secretary Hitchcock,
Director "Wolcott and Chief Newell, of the
survey, to serve notice on the owners of
these large tracts that they must sell.
Again, it is an unusual role for Uncle Sam
to assume. It is a new senratlon for a
landed proprietor to be told that he can no
\orts er hold his land . that he must sell
whether he will or no. And yet that is what
the government is dbliged to do, and is doing.
To be sure there is no alternative the land
owner who does not sell, who does' not divide
his land into the legal-sized holdings, and
get tho legal number of settlers on such hold
ings, will get no water. Without water his
large land holdings will be useless, and the
government has absolute control of the water.
If a large number of proprietors should hold
on to their acres It is even possible that the
government would extend the feed canals
and carry the water past this land and put it
on the more distant public domain, throw
ing this open to settlers under the homestead
law. With this alternative staring them in
the face it is thought that the owners of large
tracts are not likely to force the issue with
the government authorities.
But the government goes a step further and
says that the owners of largo tracts shall
put them on the market at leasonahle prices.
That is likely to cause trouble. The question
of a reasonable price is oce about which there
are always many opinions. ?nd there is cer
tain to be a disparity between the opinions
of a prospective seller and buyer. But the
method of persuasion above mentioned is
relied upon to bring about an agreement.
"Without water the "reasonable price" will
But there is no need to hurry about the
sale of these large tracts. Director Wolcott
estimates that it will require four years to
complete the dam and subsidiary works so
the owners will have this length of time to
stake them out and put them on the market.
Bat even at a "reasonable price" it isevi
dent that the sale of the large holdings will
be a profitable turn for the present owners.
The greater part of the increase in value
to this region, resulting in the government's
aid in bringing it under irrigation, will re
doimd tn thebflttefttrpf sppcuiators who have
taken up -the kuid "by^igovernment entry, or
bought it at nominal prices, and .have held
it in hopes of some stroke, .of fortune like
the present one. The new settlers who come
in and make homes, in consequence of gov
ernment-aided irrigation, will pay reasonable
prices: fcr their land, as well as reimbursing
the government for its outlay in the con
struction of the irrigation works. It may
not he saying too much to state that they will
pay all the land is worth. They will not get
homes for the entering and cultivation of the
That this particular irrigation project will
be a great blessing to the settlers 'n the Salt
river valley is beyond question. It will save
the small fortunes of a considerable num
ber of people, and will make large fortunes
for a few others. It will have an interest
for prospective purchasers of irrigated farms
but for the home-seeker without capital there
Is nothing to offer. For the general public
the chief interest will be in the working
out of a paternalistic experimentan oxperl*
ment iu applied communism or socialism.
W. W. Jermane.
,Among- the collections of the Smithson
ian Institute there are about fifty objects
which have been puzzling archeologlsts for
some time. They are cut from the hardest
kind of granite and are about the size and
shape of a horse collar. They were gath
ered up by an American merchant during
a tour of Cuba, Porto Rico, Jamaica and
other islands of the group, but their pur
pose has never been determined. Dr. J.
Walter Fewkes of the bureau of ethnology,
has just returned to this country, after a
tour of the islands named, made for the
sole purpose of endeavoring to determine
the origin and use of the stone collars.
He has gathered some data and thinks he
may be able to throw some little light on
the mysterious collars after he has gone
over his notes carefully and systematically
Loss of Limbs Not the Worst Calam
ity to Workers.
The active, busy man or woman who
loses a limb in some accident is entitled
to great pity. There must be. great dis
comfort, possibly a total disability.
But how about the dyspeptic Tyho suf
fers intolerably in mind and body and
becomes hopeless, misanthropical, gloomy,
seeing no beauty in nature and no joy in
life? Surely this is suffering of a two
fold nature and the general impairment
of the faculties is_ worse than partial dis
ability from loss of limb.
Those who suffer from dyspepsia or
other stomach troubles should try Chase's
It will give them a renewed lease of
life, comfort, strength, health and vitality,
mental vigor, the faculty of enjoying the
luxuries of Nature's bounty and happiness
in. associating With their feltowmen.
This seems a great deal
for overu months It was accompanied
h ganglin an me with many
difficulties. There was organized and un
organised opposition, and much explanation
nacl to be made by government officials and
the local promoters of irrigation enterprise.
But at last enouglf land owners were secured
to insure a majority of the land for the as
sociation's control and. then, the rest came
tumbling Jn as fast as they could. Copies
of the articles of incorporation, together with
the signers and descriptions of the lands
turned in, have been sent to Washington, and
in the next week or two will be carefully ex
amined by Officials of the- interior depart
ment and of the geological survey who have
charge of irrigation business.
In round numbers the Water Users' associa
tion now has control of 190.000 acres of land
The ,laiest advices from .Arizona say that
such an amount has been "signed up " This
means that 190,000 acres, at least, is controlled
by private ownership, as distinguished from
government, ownership. And unless there is
water for more than lM.OGO acres, it means
that the private land owners will be the only
parties directly benefited by the great work.
But there is another important problem
to be worked out in connection with the own
ership of land before the government can
"I prepared to give the remedy a good
trial by telling my wife to buy some sau
sages for supper and I ate three and then
took a dose of your medicine and went
to bed and slept well. If I had done that
Without your remedy I would have been
sick all night."
Every druggist sells it under positive
guarantee of satisfaction or money re
Weinhold. E. H./ 6th st and Nicollet. " - '
Churchill's. Nicollet House Block.
Benjamin Levj, Nicollet and 31flt st. n _
Cirkler. C. H.. 6th and Nicollet.
Hermann. A. B.. 2d av and 4th st.
Gamble & Ludxilg, 3d st and Hennepin.
Donaldson's Glass Block. ' -
Powers Mercantile Company. \
If your druggist cannot supply yon promptly,
write for full paitfciilars to
ChMe Manufacturing Co., Net w burgh, J. Y.
CONSTIPATION UURO lim HUH constipation Tablets.
In watch-shaped bottles, 25c. A all druggjsts.
.:: :St: &J5fcliVE
Nloollot Ave* First Ave. So*
Special Stamp Offer for Friday, July 31.
With cash purchases only in all departmentsexcept.
on Patent* Medicines-we will giv
e Amounte S. H.
Gree n Trading Stamps.
This stamp offer is good on all special low prices on
Summer Goodsreduced for quick selling, during this, our
Greatest O f All Clearin g Sales.
3 for !. Three for One. 3 for 1.
TBE COLORED C&DET
A Few Have Succeeded in Getting
. Thru West Point, but None
Cadets From Porto Kico, Hawaii and
the Philippines Will Raise
From The Journal Bureau, Boom 45, Post Build
Washington, ' July 30.The acquisition of
"nonrcontiguous" territory by the United
States is pretty certain, before long, to bring
about race problem complications at the naval
and military academies where the govern
ment trains its officers. Even without Ha
waiian and Porto Riean candidates for ad
mission to the military schools, -tbers have
been such complications.. The negro has tried
to enter the ranks of commauding officers,
via. West Point and Annapolis schools, and
in one instance has succeeded. Captain
Charles Young of the Ninth cavalry was grad
uated trom "West Point Aug. 31, 1889, atter
five years' study at the academy. He is now
a regular line officer, ana in course of pro
motion by seniority will become a colonel.
Then will arise, for the first time, the real
difficulty which has been foreseen in having
negroes among the officers of the regular
army, for then he will be of rank to have
white officers under his orders. So long as
he has been lieutenant or captain it has
been possible to assign him to a command
comprised entirely of men of bis own raco
but in times of peace the regiments are so
scattered that there is no post wher there
are more than two or three companies of
colored soldiers. At present all regiments are
in charge of -white colonels, tho a number of
the regiments are comprised, m part, of
colored companies. But when Young becomes
a colonel he will be entitled to command a
regiment, and there may be a lot of white
captains and Tieutenants, and even privates.
who will have constitutional "objections to
taking orders from a black man.
Captain Charles Young has been a captain
to promise for
any remedy, but the words are. carefully
expressed. And, even more, the first
dose will nearly always give relief in the
niost obstinate case. Indigestion, sour
stomach, nausea,' heartburn, * lassitude,
discomfort after eating, and sick-head
aches will Invariably yield to this great
specific. Mr. Philip E. Wardell, 85 Fifth
St., New Bedford, Mass., relates his first
experience. with Chase's Dyspepsia Cure,
two years and Ave months, and ranks 129th in
the list .of captains. This means that it
viil\ not he many years YieloTe l e reaches the
grade cf colonel.- Young was born in Ken
tucky and appointed from Ohio. In the Span
ish war ho was assigned to the command of
a regiment of colored volunteers from Ohio,
with the temporary rank of major. The regi
ment did not get "to see much service.
There- are two other colored men in the
army's regular line of promotion, but they
are much further down and they did not
come thru the West Point academy. They
are Lieutenant John E. Green, promoted from
the ranks, and credited to Tennessee, and
Lieutenant Norman H. Davis, also promoted
from the ranks and credited to Wisconsin.
Both are assigned to the Twenty-fifth in
fantry (colored). If they live long enough
they, too, may rise to rank which will piace
them over white men but ir. their cases the
time is quite remote.
A number of colored boys have received ap
pointments to West Point academy, and in
several Instances they have passed the en
trance examinations but Young is the only
one who was graduated. The others were
dropped for one reason and another. In most
instances the official reason was "failure to
pass examinations," but in ether cases there
was trouble between the colored cadet and his
white comrades, with the consequence that
the colored cadet was expelled. From all ac
counts the life of a colored boy who attempts
to go against the race prejudice at West
Poirt is about as hard as anything he will
encounter in the field. And, to make it
harder, he gets little sympathy from the
officers and instructors in charge. They
would all prefer that he should not enter, in
the first place, and are quite free to advise
him to resign. It will be noticed that Cap
tain Young tock five years to be graduated.
Whether this prejudice will extend to the
dark natives of Hawaii, Porto Rico and the
Philippines is rot yet apparent. Congr-.-ss has
decreed that.cadets from Porto Rico shall be
"natives," but the candidates for appoint
ment to both naval and military academy,
so far named, have failed to pass the entrance
examinations. Last year Hawaii was repre
sented in ihe nav.tl academy by the son of a
regular officer of the navy, Lieutenant Com
mander Charles F. Pond. This year Ellis
Lando passed the examination held in Hawaii
a %i is now on his way to report to the
acaflemy. The brief cable correspondence in
regard to Landn does not state his color, but
it is supposed at the navy department that
Lando is a native Hawaiian.
No negro has ever been graduated frcm An
napolis naval academy. Only three have suc
ceeded in passing the entrance examinations,
but none of them got further than the end of
the first year. In 1874 Henry E. Baker was
The eastern man who has never been to Colorado has
no idea of the size and luxury of its principal hotelsparticu-
larly those at Denver, Colorado Springs, Manitou and
They are palacessplendidly furnished, comfortable, con-
veniently arranged, and managed with the one idea of satis-
fying guests. If Colorado had no other attractions than its
hotels, it would be worth visiting. But it has other attrac-
tionsthe purest air, the bluest sky and the most brilliant
sunshine in the world. A hundred thousand people go there
every summer. Not all of them stop at high-priced hotels.
By far the larger proportion of the men and women who
spend their vacations in Colorado live in boarding houses,
' 'lodges" or under canvas, paying $7, $8, $9 or $10 a week.
..'' We issue a little folder which contains a list of hotels and
boarding houses in Coloradocapacity, rates, etc. It also
gives detailed information about the low rates to Colorado,
now in effect. Write or call, and a copy will be furnished free.
.,' The Rock Island System operates fast andfinelyequipped
trains daily to Colorado Springs and Denver. These trains
leave Minneapolis at 9:10 A. M. and 6:30 P. M.
Tickets, berths and full information at this Qffice.
Ticket Office, 322 Nicollet Ave.
?iE&SS -Sk tM%- m $&- Mi / -. .! \
appointed from South Carolina. At the semi
annual examinations he was reported deficient
hut had a chtncb to mako up. At the an
nual examination he was again deficient and
was turned back to. the lower class. In No
vember, 1875, Baker was dismissed for "ap-
plying a vile and profane epithet" to a class
mate next to whom he was sitting at the mesa
Another colored boy, Alonzo G. McClellan,
was appointed September 25 1S73, from South
Carolina. In January, 1874, he was reported
deficient in all branches of study and was
allowed to resign.
In 1872 James H. Conyers, also a South.
Carolina toy, was appointed, but at the an
nual examinations in 1873 he was reported
as having "no aptitude and no promise,"
but was allowed to take another examination
tho following Octcber. Again failing to at
tain the required average, he was allowed to
The cadets have their own ways of dealing
with the race problem, and those who have
read the evidence given before congressional
investigating committees as to haiing prac
tices will understand why negro midshipmen
do not remain longer. "Whatever may be *ha
practice in the army, it has come to be rno
unwritten law that there shall be no colored
officer in the navy, and no negro gradu tfe
from Annapolis academy. This unwritten
law is justified by navy men-on the ground
that it would not be possible on board ship
to confine the colored officer to the command
of colored men, as can be done on laud or
has been done, up to this time. Btt the
jackies, marines and engineers aboard a fight
ing ship are nearly all white, and are suf
ficiently impregnated 'with race prejudice to
he unwilling to be officered by a negro. A
more serious objection, however, comes from
other officers in the navy who would be com
pelled to live on terms of intimacy with the
colored brother, and who have constitutional
objections. In part the objections would, be
of a social character the functions of a naval
officer cruising in foreign ports partake of
the diplomatic. There are many formal ex
changes of courtesy in which officers and
consular officials participate, but where the
presence of an American negro would be ob
jectionable to many of the participants.
It remains to be seen whether a native of
one of our insular possessions can break thru
the unwritten law of nearly a century's
standing. W. W. Jermane.
- - - - -
,, F. D. LYON, Dist. Pass'r Agt.
TIME FOR ALL THINGE
Asked why he left hell out of a recent ser
mon, Brother Dickey replied:
"Ever'thing to his season. Whilst I was
a-preachin' dat sermon de thermometer wuz
in the nineties, en hell spoke fer itself."
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