Newspaper Page Text
PRICE TWO CENTS. WILL DISCUSS CURRENC Y LAW ... _ ,^. Hue Senate Committee on Finance Is to Meet at Senator Aldrich's , , Summer Home. *There Legislation of Vital Impor tance to the Business World Will Be Outlined. The Object Sought Is to Increase - American Currency Without a Loss of Confidence. peoial to The Journal. Washington, July 31.It was learned to day that the republican members of the senate committee on finance will assemble at Senator Aldrich's summer home on . "Narragansett bay in a lew days to con sider measures for the improvement of the currency and banking laws. The session wll probably continue several days. I t is not likely that the conclusion of the conference will be greatly influenced by recent developments on Wall street. Members of the committee consider these due to excessive speculation or expansion of credit for which no 6urrency system that could be devised would provide a remedy. The quest is for a safe means of ex panding the currency when expansion is necessary to meet the demands of busi ness, and it is thought this may be found In amendments to the laws governing the national banKs, amendments involving no radical departure from the forms to which 'this generation is accustomed. Circulation Increased. Our stock of money in 1893 was $1,739,- 000,000 in 1898, $3,073,000,000, and in 1903 (July), $2,688,000,000. The enormous in* crease of the last Ave years, it is pointed out, was due in part to the slight amend ments to the national'battWftg^act-made in '1900. "We had more - national banks in January, 1898, than in January, 1900. But the gold standard act of March 14, 1900, permitting the organization of national banks with a capital of $25,000 in towns of less- than 3,000 population, and author ing national banks to issue notes up to the face value of the United States bonds ' deposited as security Instead of 90 per cent thereof, had the effect of increasing largely the number of banks and the vol ume of bank currency. From March, 1900, to June, 1903, the number of national banks increased from 3,612 to 4,953 and the t r national bank notes ' outstanding from $249,434,878 to $406,443,205. All this was accomplished with perfect safety and it is contended that with equal safety the banks 'ctrohr ie permitted- to Issue notes p to the market value of the 1 governmentubonds deposited as , security. , The effect -would be an addition of about 10 per cent to the issue now permitted t jupons the"# depositP ofngovernment bonds. ' v " -rThe laProposed. , , i t t is suggested that a further increase '5BC the- Gxupc&acy volume could be. obtained r* 11**' fune&Cpng the- Jaw providing .that the Mfeiv8B^^ bank fef'SbaflT'be .: -yrM3cept also state bonds, the bonds of'nttt- i nicipalities twenty-five years old that have j not defaulted in ten years, and whose net j debt does not exceed ten per certt of the i I value of their taxable property, - and the - ' first mortgage bonds of any railroad com pany which has paid dividends of not less than 4 per cent regularly for not less than . j teft years, the banks to pay not less than ' 1 % per cent Interest for the use of the | money deposited with them and the gov ernment's claim to be a first lien on the assets of the bank. The senator proposes the interest re quirement with a view to securing a return - of the money to the government's vaults when no longer needed, and he proposes '.. the substitution of. state, municipal and \ railroad for government bonds, with a | view to rendering the last available as a 5 basis for additional bank note circulation. | Objections to Plan. Several objections to his plan are of fered. One is that the government gets service from the depositaries in the small towns for the use of its money, and they would not ask for deposits if required to pay interest in addition to this service. Another is that the state, municipal and railroad bonds the ' senator proposes to substitute are available only in the money centers. The bankers in the provincial cities would have to buy them in the open market, and could not handle them as readily as the great banks in the metropol itan cities. This provision would help only the banks that make a business of handling state, municipal and railroad se curities, while all would be helped equally if half the bonds now required as security for government deposits were released and thus rendered available as a basis for ad ditional bank note circulation. If this were done, it is suggested, the govern ment would still be amply secured, since it would continue to be a preferred cred itor with a first Hen on the capital of the bank, its deposits and the proceeds of an assessment upon the stockholders, whose liability is double the amount of their stock. A t present, proprietary banks cheer fully transact the government's business without profit because the selection of a bank aas a government depository is a cer tificate of its soundness. The care exer cised in this matter makes the danger of loss extremely remote. An Emergency Circulation. Another proposition is that an emer gency circulation be permitted to the ex tent of 20 per cent of the circulation se cured by banks, the same to be subjected to a tax so heavy as to compel its retire ment when no longer needed. This.note would be secured by the government as- , sets of the bank and by a guarantee fund derived from a tax on banks. I t has been objected that its issuance during a period of stringency would aggravate the trouble by increasing alarm among depositors and others. However, it could be no more harmful in this direction than suspension, and It is proposed under such restrictions that it woujd be employed only as an al ternative to suspension. I t is remarked that European banks, while rarely invoking the power to issue notes above a certain amount in excess of the coin held for their redemption, have been materially strengthened by this addi tion to the resources they may employ in an emergency. BRTTTAL MURDER Masked Men Kill a Soldier and Steal Two Hundred Dollars. Bockport, Ky., Jul y31.John Galloway, a soldier recently returned from the Philippines was brutally murdered at a camp two miles from here las tnight and Robert Carroll, a companion, so badly injured that his life is despaired of. Two masked men approached the camp while Carroll was alone and beat him to un consciousness. While they were search ing for money Galloway appeared and they shot him. The men secured (200 scaped. ,-r. - Ay' " i RV*4&WA* MO B INFLICTS - DREA D PENALTY Negfro Assailant of a Fourteen-Year- Old Girl Is Terribly Punished. Tampa Hob Refuses to Kill Him, hut Inflicts a Nameless Tor- ture. New York Sun Special Service. Tampa, Fla., July 31.George Houston, a negro hackman, who was caught by two policemen yesterday while assaulting An nie Grooves, who is 14 years old, was the victim of a mob In this city last night. Houston was being taken in a carriage from the police station to the county jail when the carriage was surrounded by a mo b. The negro was put in another carriage and driven to the gun club grounds, a lonely spot Just outside the city limits, where he was bound and submitted to a nameless surgical operation, performed by a leading member of the mob said to be a physician. The mob left the negro there, and some one reported his whereabouts to the police, who conveyed him to the colored hospital, where he was given sur gical attention to prevent his bleeding to death. The police have evidence that Houston had been enticing the little girt to his room for several months. She is half witted. The negroes are considerably worked up over the affair and are congre gating in their section of the city but no serious trouble is apprehended. RUSSIA WANTS A FRE E PASSAGE Asks Turkey's Permission to Send Warships Thru Dardanelles Enronte to China. New York Sun Bpeoial Service. Vienna, July 31.A dispatch from Con stantinople to Die Zeit says that Russia has asked Turkey to allow her -warships to pass thru the Dardenelles e n route to China. The porte is'perplexed, fearing that the powers will protest If the permission is given. A. large vessel belonging to the Russian volunteer fleet, carrying arms to . Port Arthur, Is expected to pass thru the straits in a few days. FOUND MORE INDICTMENTS Grand Jury Finds True Bills Against a Number of Postoffice Iufifhaemfa'-W^t^'p^its ^ i Ton6 ^Senator -Aldrieft pYoposfcs to "atf i thorlze the. secretary of the treasury to v '" .Attaches." ."--- -'VJ "Washington, July 31.The federal grand jury, which has been considering evidence gorwing out of the postoffiee investiga tion, to-day returned indictments against the following: August W . Machen, formerly general superintendent of the free deliveryJoh n T . CUpper, mayor of Lockhaven, Pa., William C. Lang of this cityWillia m Gordon Crawford, also of this city: George B . Lorenz and Martha J. Lorenz, his wife, of Toledo, OhioMauric e Unkel of New York.cityThoma s W . McGregor, formerly chief of the supply division of the rural fre delivery service, and Leo pold J. Stern of Baltimore. All are in dicted for conspiracy except Crawford, who is charged with presenting a false claim against the government. Long and Crupper are indicted sep arately for briber y. This does not end the cases before the grand Jury. Driggs Says Not Guilty. New Tork, July 31.Ex-Congressman Driggs appeared to-day before Judge T"homas In the United States circuit court, Brooklyn, and pleaded not guilty to two indictment? which were recently found against him, with leave to withdraw his plea and to demur. ARE THE ENTRIES YOID? Commissioner Richards Is Looking Into the Situation at Fort Buf ord, N. Dak. From The Journal Bureau, Room 45, Post Build ing, Washington. Washington, July 31.Land Commis sioner Richards has retermined to ascer tain the true conditions -with reference to taking up the lands in the abandoned Ft. Buford military reservation, North Da kota. It has been reported here un officially that desert land entries have been made for a large portion of this res eration in the Interest of stock men who have been- grazing" their cattle there dur ing the many years it has been withdrawn from settlement. I t is also said that the filing of these desert land entries has barred legitimate homesteaders from tak ing the land and that contests will result which will cloud the titles for a long time. It is said at the land ofnee that desert land entries may be made for these lands and that such filings would if made for legitimate purpose of reclamation bar homesteaders, but if these desert entries were made in the interest of a third party, such entries would be void. A n Inquiry will he made into the question of good faith on the part of those making entries. I t is probable that the special agent now in that section will be detailed for that purpose. Swamp Lands Near Virginia. Surveyor General Eli Warner has been directed to forward to the land office all papers relating to the claim of the state for a tract of thiyt-six acres of land near "Virginia under the swamp grant. Some days ago Mr. Warner forwarded the ap peal of the defendants from his decision awarding the land to the s^ate and asked for instructions as to other papers. H e was told to send them all, in order that the commissioner may have all the evi dence before him in deciding the con- tset. A s soon as the papers are received they will be taken up for consideration by one of the law clerks in the swamp land division who will prepare an opinion for submission to the commissioners. It Is probab le there will be no oral argument altho one was asked for by Attorney General Dougles. I t is probable that the decision will not be rendered for several weeks. The secretary of the interior has or dered patented to the St. rPaul, Minneap olis & Manitoba railroad 236 acres in the Duluth district and to the state of Min nesota for the St. Vincent extension of the same road 482 acres in the Marshall district. i - $ -..^ W. W . Jermane. i&* ,-^v- ,**' FRIDAY .EVENING JULY 31, 1903. MA Y GE T INT O S I v DIFFICULTIES Venezuelan Government Adopts Pe culiar Course Toward the Rep* resentative of Spain. .J- _ It Also Refuses to Arbitrate Claims of the Orinoco Navigation Company. * Anti-Foreign Sentiment May Yet Cause Trouble for Castro ', and His Friends. .Washington, July 31.Semiofficial ad vices received here from reliable sources throw light upon the complication exist ing in t Guayra, incident to the trouble between the Spanish consul there and the Venezuelan -authorities. Tbey also make it appear that serious trouble in that quarter is pending because of the anti foreign attitude of the Venezuelan gov ernment. According to these advices, the Spanish consul referred to requested the privilege of appearing before a tribunal which was examining the claim of a Spanish subject against Venezuela. H e was punished by the Venezuelan government thru the with drawal of his exequatur. The diplomatics representatives of the powers in Caracas have joined In a protest against this arbi trary proceeding, but so far it is not known that the government's action has been reconsidered. President Olcott of the Orinoco Naviga tion company, a resident of New York, also is having trouble in Caracas. The company has a number of claims against the Venezuelan government, and Mr. Ol cott, accompanied by an attorney of the United States, went to Caracas to en deavor to secure a settlement. H e sought to appear before the regular judicial trib unals, but found himself embarrassed at every step, and finally it -was made impos sible for him to secure the assistance of a Venezuelan lawyer. I t is feared here that the work of the various arbitrations now sitting in Caracas will be rendered nugatory by this attitude of the Venezue lan government. EATS POISONED CINDY Woman Gives Child a Piece and He Dies 15 Minutes Later in Not attaching much importance to the child's story-his father grave him a glass of milk and a piece of celery to take the taste out'of'lils mouth. In a few min utes, however, the child became alarm ingly ill- Before a physician could be summoned the boy was in convulsions and in fifteen minutes h e was dead. Consul B. H. Warner sends the following from Leipzig, May 28, 1903: "German elec trical interests are petitioning the govern ment officials to arrange in making a new commercial treaty with Russia for . lower duties upon German electrical supplies. At the present time about 20,000,000 marks ($*,- 760,000) worth of electrical goods are ex porte-d to Russia from Germany annually, v and the amount is increasing from year to ' year's .production' will bring ^planters about "9V V^-t^-V frOiEBinn- v f - . IS INTERESTED * jn' ~~~" - - Prof. I*ngley*s Airship May Be of fv*? Great Use to th War Department. TV ** -= _ '. -^Washington* July 31.The govern ment's partnership in Professor Langley's airship .and its appropriation of money to enable him,to carry on his experi ments, .has not been, dictated by a pa ternalistic desire to-advance the cause of science, but because the war depart ment hopes the' invention will prove "of value in case this government gets into trouble with othj&r powers In the far east or elsewhere. ....'"'., A dirigible baioon, capable of carrying dynamite or other explosives, - to be dropped Into the ranks of an- apposing army or on the deck of a. hostile man-of w.ar would, go far toward revolutionizing modern methods of warfare, and if such a-thing is practicable the United/States proposes to be in on the ground-floor. A death-dealing machine, sailing a mile or mdre. over:the heads of his troops, and thus practically impervious Ito at tack, might make the bravest gen eral pause and should Professor Lang ley succeed, the government is in tfqssese sion of an agreement eiititling it: to use, without further cost, the knowledge he has obtained. GIVING HTM A LEFT TTncle Sam Is Interested in Seeing the New Airship Fly. tlWp)Wi ****- SUES FO R BIG ATTORNEY'S FEES Suit Is Brought to Recover $172,000 for the Collection, as .At- torney of $5.50. Richmond, Va., July 31.One of the lar gest suits ever brought here has been in stituted in the city circuit court by George B . Stone, administrator of Bernard Green and Prank D. Wynn, administrator of John Parker, against the state of Vir ginia. As administrators, they claim $172,000 in the form of commissions due the in testates for services in negotiating the final settlement of claims of the state against the United States on account of advances during the war of 1812 against Great Britain. This settlement was ef fected quite recently, the federal govern ment forwarding a check of $5.50 as bal ance due Virginia. Convulsions. New Tork Sun Special Service. Bunker Hill, 111., July 31.Ewart Check field, the 6-year-old son of James. W . Checkfleid, local manager for the Union Dairy company of St. Louis, died Wednes day night from spasms under such sus picious circumstances that a coroner's inr quest was held. Undeniable evidences of strychnine poisoning were found. Little Ewart Checkfleid was the only son of his father and invalid mother. H e made regular morningf and evening trips to the milkhouse for his father, and each time got his bucket filled with milk. Wednesday evening he departed from his home on his usual errand, swinging his, bucket to and fro in childish llghtheartedr ness. A t 7:30 he returned home running and crying. His father anxiously Inquired what was the: matter. The boy replied that a woman had given him a piece of candy which was bitter. WHISKY FROM SORGHUM Sour Mash Bourbon Can Be Made for Eight Cents a Gallon, by Special to The Journal, - Milwaukee, July 31.A process has been devised for distilling whisky from sorghum molasses and Robert O'Brien of Freeport, Pa., is in Milwaukee assisting Professor Luche in experiments. They are reported to have succeeded in making a sour mash bourbon which could scarcely be told from the genuine and could be produced at a cost of 8 cents a. gallon. Mr. O'Brien -thinks that the discovery will revolutionize the sale* of that brand of whisky. August N . Grau of the National Dis tilling company does not believe the-as sertion and says that one -might as well try to make white bread out of rye as " " bourbon whisky out of molasses. Rev. Louis Fenwick, pastor of a negro church,, charged Louis Boss, another negro, with stealing two revolvers from lil m. I n making the complaint he, said that the revolvers were necessary in his business. I n replevin proceedings brought by the pastor's church recently to recover Chi cago property, *our razors were scheduled aspart of the jroperty. ^ ,, . Cotton is the most valuable crop we grow except corn. The 11,000,000. bales in this $500,000,000. w^m^wsfc 7im AND WiJtHEE TO-NIGHT SATURDAY WARMER AM PROBABLY MURPH Y GETS A LON G SENTENC E Defaulting Treasurer of the Stone cutters' Union Is Given Five and One-half Years. y Judge NewburgerScores Him for His Peculation and Murphy Breaks Down. * 1 All the Officers, He Insists, Got Their '* he had spent the funds of the union in riotous living, and that his-total steal ing amounted to $27,000. In , the course of his remarks he said:.,"I have a letter from John Mitchell in which he says that part of the money embezzled by Murphy was paid in by workingmen .who belong to the society to be contributed to the strike funds of the miners in Pennsylvania. "This defendant received a large sum of money from men who worked by the sweat of their brows to earn an honest living, that they might put. honest bread in the mouths of their children. "Twenty-st'Ven thousand dollars is a large sum of money indeed, and the evi dence at the trial shows that it was spent in riotous living and for a trip to Europe." When the judge had finish ed Murphy was crying bitterly and appeared about to collapse. "My God," he shouted, "this is wrong. Every one of the officers of the union got a share of the money. There was hot one that did" not have a finger in the 'graft.' Judge Newburger paid no attention to the frantic man. Murphy wanted to go to Sing Sing. Mr. Mclntyre, his at torneywoul d have asked for a certificate of reasonable doubt, so as to take the case to the court of appeals had it not been that Murphy opposed such a step. "I am tired of the' Tombs," the prisoner said. "The excitement and shame of the trial have made me sick and I want to get away from here. I n prison, maybe, I will hear no more of the things that are said against me, That will do me good. I need rest." DON'T WANT THE STATUE New Process. Canadian "Loyalists" Object to the Erection of a Washington Me- ^tj). rj*r Fair Share of the Graft. - - New..-York Sun Bpeoial Service, New York, July 1.Lawrence Murphy, former treasurer of the Journeymen Stone cutters Union, Who Was arrested last De cember, charged with embezzling $12,000 from the organization and convicted last Monday of grand larceny, was to-day sen tenced to five years and six, months in state's prison. The prisoner's counsel asked- for clem ency for his cliont, but Judge Newburger scored the prisoner severely saying that morial in St. Paul's ^ New York Sun Special Service. ''-cil"':~' Toronto, Ont., July 31.An agitation started by the national-societies of the city is developing to Influence the British government to prevent the erection of a statue to General George Washington In St. Paul's cathedral. The United Empire loyalists, whose forefathers left the states and settled in Canada at the time of the war of in pendence are most active in the move ment andi an effort WU1 be made to have the Canadian government urge the home authorities not to permit the statue to be placed in St. Paul's. ..--,. IJ ^^ NEGRO IS DEAD Cause of the Evansville Riot Dies of *jk' *' *' ' - ^His Wonnds. - f \l,: Jeffersonville, Ind., July 31.Robert Lee, the negro rwho shot Policeman Louis Mas sey at Evansville, July 3, and started the riot that resulted in the death and injury of many citizens, died to-day in prison from a wound from a shot fired by Massey. --f- ^ffil^ PORTUGUES E - - - : CELEBRAT E To-day Is the Anniversary of the Granting of the National Constitution. The American Squadron at Lisbon Dresses Ship in Honor of the Event. Lisbon, July 31.To-day being the an niversary of the granting of the Portu guese constitution and also the anni versary of the birth of the Duke of Oporto, brother of King Charles, the cab inet ministers went' to the royal castle at Cintra and congratulated the members of the royal family. The United States European squadron and the Portuguese ships in these waters' dressed ship for the occasion and fired salutes. Owing to the observance of this holiday the luncheon which Rear Ad miral Cotton was to give on board the Brooklyn to-day to the minister of pub lic works, was postponed indefinitely. The day on. which the banquet is to be given on "board the Brooklyn to the Portuguese ministers and local authori ties has not yet been determined upon. Portuguese officials continue to visit the American ships and are cordially re ceived. The attention of the public here has been called to the fact,that there are large numbers of Portuguese formerly be longing to the Azore islands, serving as sailors on board the American ships. I t is reported that the cruiser Chicago will sail for New York to-morrow to under go extensive repairs there.' MO B LEADE R IS ARRESTED Winfred Baker Is Now in the Jail He Persuaded Others to More warrants are still out and by to morrow night the officers expect to have all the members of the mob in jail. - Yates Cal ls Them Anarchists. Seventh infantry, I. N . G., in camp of in struction at Camp Lincoln, that "men who attacked the jails at Danville and Belleville and who at the latter place had taken out a defenseless prisoner who was khere and, Jj&nged hhn, -4nd..a,t Danville 'had attempted'a similar thing, and had captured and burned a defenseless, negro and killed another, were now but anar- ChMS." FISH CARRIES OFF ABOI La Crosse lad Towed Into the Biver by a Huge Catfish and , ',,'- .Drowned. Special to The Journal. ' L a Crosse, "Wis., July 31.^Eye wit nesses were found to-day to the drowning accident last night in the Mississippi, and altho tho body is not yet found it is de cided tho victim was William Renz, aged 16, employ e d ~ by * the Segelke' Kohlhaus company, and who went fishing after work. The boy had no pole, but a big line, and an eye witness states he heard a splash and "saw the boy tightly grasping the line, which had a big fish at the other end and pulled him in. He rose twice, each time further down stream, showing that the fish had him In tow. I t is supposed to have been a huge catfish, many of which are caught here. LOSES HUSBAND NO. FIVE Mrs. Grace Snell Coffin Besetted After a Short Maried Life at New York Sun Bpeoial Service. Los- Angeles, Cal., July 31.With love outlived in ,four months, of married life, in come eaten away to the last crumb and several creditors still hungrycastin g away a position of'trust won by a nine-years' climb from he bell bqy his departure and -was the talk of-the town for weeks. She is much older than he, and the mother of several children by for mer husbands. FIND IHEpISSING GIRL r '*" Emma Neisler Hides Under Her Own HomePolice Search for . Three Weeks. . '" Now York Sun Special Service. ' , Chicago, July Sl.-^-On the verge of death from starvation, Emma Neisler, 14 years old, has been found, after figuring in' one of the most remarkable disappearances ever reported ' to the police. For three weeks the girl hid under her home at 501 Hastings street, supplied with food by an 8-year-pld sister. Meantime the whole police force of Chicago, was searching for her. She was found only after she had become nearly crazed by thirst and had picked a hole in the lead water plpe'with a hat pin and cut off the water supply in the house. When a plumber was called to discover the leakage he found the girl'lying under the house, pale and. weak frOm' prisonment and lack of sufficient food. Back of the glrrs mysterious disappear ance lies a story of her arrest on a charge of, disordjfly conduct, which, it is said, was followed by a severe whipping ad .__ t ministered by her father, August Neisler. &' HISTORIC* soc/ty CONCLAV E WILL , BEGI N TO-NIGHT Cardinal Princes of the Church to Enter Upon Their Task of Elec- v.- ting Leo's Successor. Today Is Spent in FinalPreparation* for Their Solemn and Sacred Duty. A Guard Is Appointed for Each Car- v dinal and They Move Into the Vatican. Rome, July 31.The ceremony of the entrance of cardinals in conclave, which is always given as solemn a character asj possible, was inaugurated this morning' with the celebration , of the mass of -the Holy Ghost in the Paulin chapel of the Vatican. Before 1S70, this mass was cele brated in the chapel of the choir at St. Peters. The sacred college, numbering sixty two cardinals, the diplomatic corps, the Roman aristocracy, the Knights of Malta and a few outsiders especially Invited, were present with a profusion of guards who to-day had taken, off the mourning: emblems they had been wearing for Leo XIII. As is always the case at such cere monies there was so much color in the picture that one felt as tho witnessing an exhibition of a series of living picture* until awakened to the grand reality of the religious ceremony by the singing ofr the Sistine choir. Cardlnel Vannutelll Officiated. Serafino Cardinal Vannutelll officiated. After the "Veni Sance Spiritus" had been Intoned, Mgr. Sardi, from the pulpit, which was draped In red and stood in the choir, having before him the pontifical cross, .read the latin oration, "Pro Eli gendo Pontifice Maximo," exhorting the cardinals to make a wise choice in the task before them, so that the one elected to the supreme dignity should be a worthy vicar of Christ on earth. Printed copies of the oration were hand e d to all the cardinals present. Attack. Danyille, 111., July 51.The police have arrested Winfred Baker, who it fe. said led the mobi n its attack on the. jaiUlast Saturday night. H e was found wotkllig in a small coal mine. H e was armfcd when arrested. Ten arests were made, yester day, making seventeen in.all. .. - . After the mass of the Holy Ghost, the cardinals assembled as usual in congre gation in the ha ll of the consistory where, contrary to usage, the rules of the con clave -were read and each cardinal took the oath to obey them. This ceremony generally occurs in the Sistine chapel in the evening, just before shutting up tho "cardinals for the conclave. After this ceremony the cardinals hur ried away from the Vatican to return later with the more or less numerous articles which they deem necessary for their at tendance at the conclave. Some of them, have made preparations' as tho far a year'B absence while others were, content Vatican. Weather is Pleasant. ' The -discomfort which the- eardtoais will experience by being shut up in the Vati can is somewhat lessened by the excep tional weather, which is clpudy, cool and. windy it "the thermometer reaching only 75. in theishade wrhile, generally at this sea son the mercury reaches as high as_,10O_ ^ in the shade..arrndon. , *,- - - The confusion which ensued *rom ther loss' of temporal power of the papacy made it necessary to cut down expenses and among many other things the number of the noble guard was reduced so that now there are only about forty of these sol-, dier s. A s it is customary for eaeh car dinal to have a guard told off for his ser vice in the conclave, and there are sixty two cardinals it has been decided to presa into this service the cadets. The latter are not full-fledged soldiers and weret drawn by lot. The question of which car dinal they.fall to is a matter of serious importance to them as each guard con gratulates his cardinal and wishes hi m good luck in the-coming election for which good wishes he receives if his particular cardinal is elected pope, the sum of $10,-, 000 or lucrative employment. The excite-, ment over the drawing of the lots la in tense, as the soldiers do not usually get such a reward for a few good wishes. Gibbons Has a Cadet Guard. The guard of Cardinal Gibbons wlU be Cadet Count Delia Porta. The marshal of the conclave, Prince Chigi Albani, having insisted that the number of people who are to enter the conclave must be reduced to a really In dispensable number, there wlU be only about 275 persons present. Los Angeles. The Messagero says that among the pe titions for relief out of the money left by. Pope Leo is one from Counts Mastai and Perrati, nephews of. Pope Pius DC.* who are in extreme poverty. I t is rumored in Vatican" circles that some of the cardinals, especially the for eigners, having announced their intention of voting for Cardinal Perrata, the latter has been induced to -withdraw his candi dacy after having been promised by Cardi nals Rampolla, Gotti and Serafi no Vannu telll that if one of them is elected pope he ' will appoint Ferrata secretary of state. Sistine Chapel Transformed. The Sistine chapel has been completely transformed, the only thing connecting it with the Temple of Art, which it is gen erally known to be, is Mlchaelangelo's dome, which shines to Tindlmmed bril liancy above the altar, completely cover ing the "Last Sacrament." The altar is hung with tapestry representing the de scent of the Holy Spirit, surmounted by a violet canopy and is covered with red velvet heavily embroidered with gold. On ? s bench, and se- cretly takinig his personal effects rorh .his new home, Perkins A. Layman, the hand-* some young efflef clerk of the Vannuys hotel, has deserted his bride, formerly Mrs. Grace Snell Coffin, who is for a fifth time minus a husband. She was the daughter of Millionaire A. J. Snellof Chicago, whose murder has always remained a deep mys tery. Mrs. Layman is a woman of striking beauty, tall and well-formed and extremely stylish in dress and deportment. Lay man's marriage to her was as sudden as the highest step of the altar stands a, majestic red and gold chair which will serve as a throne for the new pope when he first receives the'homage of the sacred' college: Along the two sides of the chapel are the seats for the cardinals with very high backs and each having in,* front of it a little desk with the cardinal's name on it in Latin. On these desks are pens, ink and paper and-above each seat is an Imposing canopy. The first seats . near the altar will be occupied by the cardinal deacons,' the others following in order of precedence. Will Burn Ail Ballots. ,,! During,the balloting-, six candles on the altar will be lighted. A large table has been placed in the center of the chapel for counting the votes. Most conspicuous in the chapel is a small stove, near the en trance, in which the voting papers will be - burnea after they have been cast and the result'determined upon. Just outside the door of the chapel la., a small room, where the papal robes in tended for the new pope are kept. There are three sets of the robeslarge, me dium and smallso as to toe able to fit a man of any size. But there are dozens of barrettl, or priestly caps, as it has often been found very difficult to find one which! would fit a particular head. After his election the new pope retires to this small, room outside the chapel and there don his robes, appears and receives the hom age of the princes of the church. 0 1 The Cardinals Arrive. * *'& Rome, July 314:25 p. m.The cardN . nals, In their carriages, are now arriving* '? at the Vatican and are going to their cells, i her im- They will not leave the Vatican agala . ." , until a new pope shaU be elected, 5:40 p. m.All the cardinals have ar-lfei* J _ v ! ".^M . )! b- * % Continued oil Second Page.