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AFTER HAR D DAY * POPE FAINTS AWA Y His Strength Exhausted by the Coronation Serv ices Pope Pius X. Falls Into the Arms of His Chaplain. Incident Occurred While the Pontiff Was Saying MassHeat and the Bad Air Within the Pauline Chapel Contributed to the Kesultr-A Physician Was Present and He Gave the Pope Immediate Assis- tance, Restoring Tfim to Consciousness Before Dr. Lapponi's Ar- rival. Rome, Aug. 11.Just a week has lapsed since the election of Pius X, and he has been already overcome by the unaccustomed strain of his pontifical duties. This morning he fainted while at mass. His collapse is considered to be due to heart weakness aggravated by fatigue. It constitutes the first victory of his entourage which insisted that he should take the change from his previous life less strenuously. Even tho he dis appoint some people, they urge him not to concede audiences to all comers and to render himself less accessible. Dr. Lapponi supported this view and rec ommended the pope to take a complete rest. The doctor has ordered all audi ences postponed. The pope, however, cannot understand the necessity of spar ing himself and said to Dr. Lapponi: "I am stronger than Pope eLo. Why should not I do what he did?" It was explained to him that Leo when elected began by taking a fortnight's perfect rest and thereafter gradually trained himself to his new duties. More over Leo's splendid constitution did not need exercise in the fresh air, which an ordinary healthy man does. Almost Restored to Health. At noon Pope Plus w as reported to be almost restored to his normal condition, but w as keeping his room as he feels oc casionally a slight palpitation of the heart. ' The pope ardently wished to receive to-day the Austrian ambassador, who was to present his credentials, but he was persuaded to renounce his intention not only in this case but with regard to all the audiences which were fixed for to morrow. The pope had already given the com munion to 200 people when he began to feel ill. Those about him soon perceived that he was not himself by his nervous ness and impatience, whic hshowed itself when his attendant handed him his spec tacles. H e pushed them aside and drew another pair from his pocket. When an other attendant tried t otie the ribbons of his robes behind he told him to stop and did it himself, a most unusual occurrence with him. Venetians Were Alarmed. The consternation of the Venetians when they saw him -faint was.great, and they rendered matters worse by crowding around him. Mgr. Bisleti, however, kept his presence of mind and ordered the Swiss Guard to clear a space about the pontiff. Smelling salts were brought hastily and had the desired effect, and he was soon aole to speak again. The pope asked for a few drops of water which were given him, and water was sprinkled on his face. His gown was opened at the neck as he seemed to be choking. He refused resolutely, how ever, to be carried to his apartment, say ing that he was sufficiently strong to walk. The way thither was cleared and he proceeded slowly, surrounded by his anxious entourage, his head bent almost on his shoulder, and so pale that the flesh was scarcely distinguishable from his robes. The neck of his gown still re mained open. It w as a solemn moment when the pon tiff passed thru the midst of the kneel ing Venetians without having the strength to give them his benediction, peep si lence accentuated the impressiveness of the scene. As he went out of sight thru GIRL STRIPPED THEN WHIPPED Georgia Legislature Decides to In vestigate Cruelties Inflicted Up on Prisoners at State Farm. New York Sun Special Service. Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 11.The legislature of Georgia has desided to investigate the whipping of Marie Decrist. a white woman, at the state prison farm. In speak ing of the resolution for an investigation, several legislators said the whipping w as as bad as any cruelty which Russia is accused of inflicting on her prisoners. The investigation promises to result in startling disclosures. Superintendent Fos ter, who tried to prevent the whipping, has resigned, stating that he would not remain an officer of a system which cre ates a hell for unfortunates. Later dis closures show that the prisoner was dis robed and tied clown ju st as negro male convicts, are treated and then knouted. "She was then ma.nicled to a negro woman and sent to the field, where she fainted and w as found by Superintendent Foster. Governor Terrill is greatly incensed at the affair. H e sent to the prison commis sion this morning and said: "I want this outrage probed and the guilty parties pun ished. White women shall not be whipped in Georgia." A resolution Is pending in the house ask ing the governor to pardon the woman. SMOKE. CAUSES DEATH lighted Pipe Sets Fire to Clothing of Woman Smoker. Springfield, 111., Aug. 11.Because she failed to knock the half burned tobacco from a pipe before she put it in her petti coat pocket, Mrs. Taylor Greening, 64 years old, yesterday sustained burns that caused her death. Mrs. Greening and her husband were driving to Loami in a wagon. Just before they reached town, Mrs. Greening, who had been smoking, removed the pipe from her mouth and, believing the tobacco was not on fire, placed it in her pocket. In a few minutes her clothes were ablaze, and the woman inhaled the flames before her husband could smother them. the Raphael Loggia, tears fell from the cheeks of several of the pilgrims, and one could not refrain from crying out: "Take care of yourself, your holiness, for our sakes, who love you so mu ch as well as for your own." The pope has been over-exerting him self to such an extent that his naturally strong constitution was unable to bear the strain put upon it by the coronation cere monies. Such has been the effect upon his nerves that he has been unable to sleep for whole nights while numerous receptions yesterday made matte rs worse. lAst night his holiness was very much agitated but this morning he still insisted upon admitting to hear his mass all Venetians who had journeyed to Rome purposely to attend the coronation. They, numbered about 300. VSED WAX BTTLLETB. Havana, Anjj. It.A duel was fought yes terday between a lawyer and a revolutionary general. Pistols were used. Each combatant had three ihots. but neither of them were In jured. It is understood that the piatols were loaded with wax bullets. ^ks&^S^^i^^^ Fainted In Chaplain's Arms. When the mass began in the Pauline chapel the air was vitiated with the tem perature above 90 degrees. Pope Pius was seen to grow paler and paler, finally throwing out his hand as tho seeking sup port. He would have fallen had not Mgr. Brossan, his private chaplain, been quick to catch him. . It is impossible to describe the con fusion and alarm among the worshipers while the pope lay motionless and uncon scious with his eyes closed. Fortunately, among the Ventlans present w as Dr. Davenzia, who for years has been the pope's attending physician at Venice, but who had been called only once during that time. Dr. Davenzia gave the pontiff im mediate assistance, while messengers telephoned for Dr. Lapponi. The latter rushed t j the Vatican but did not arrive until the pope had been restored. The pope, after taking some medicine to calm his heart and nerves, was able to lunch, afterwards taking a sleep, which lasted two hours and a half. On awaken ing he felt much refreshed. Received American Priest. The pope yesterday granted an audience to a representative from the archdiocese of Cincinnati, who submitted the Peter's pence collected by Archbishop Elder. On behalf of the American clergy he ex pressed to his holiness a desire that the clergy be withdrawn from the govern ment of the congregation of the propa ganda and be made directly subject to the pope, on the ground that the United States, having no state religion, should not be classed with England, which is officially Protestant. Had Fatiguing Day. Plus X. had another fatiguing day, as he received all the delegations which had come to Rome to attend the coronation ceremonies. He accorded' a lengthy audi ence to about 300 from Venice, receiving them in the Clementine hall. The pontiff allowed all the members of the delegation to kiss his hand and called by name those whom he knew just as he had when he met them in Venice. H e said to them: "I am a poor mortal, too weak for the heavy cross which God has given me. But His will be done. I will carry it as best I can, and you must all pray to our Lord to give me the necessary strength." His old Venetian friends agree that the pope looks ten years old than he did be fore his election, but that his affable manner had not changed. Vannutelll for Secretary. London, Aug. 11.The Catholic Herald announces that Cardinal Vannutelli will be papal secretary of state. 21 ARE INJURED "Katy" Flier "Leaves the Rails Near Sedalia MissouriMany Hurt but None Killed. Sedalia, Mo., Aug. 11.The northbound Misouri, Kansas & Texas flyer, train No. 6, due here at 12:45 o'clock this morning, was derailed and ditched two miles north of Schell City, Vernon county, at 11:30 o'clock last night. Two passengers were seriously injured and seventeen others slightly injured but no one w as killed. Spreading rails caused the rear trucks of the engine to leave the track. The postal car combination mail car and a chair car were badly splintered while three others were derailed. The engine with the first car of the train plowed about 150 yards before it was stopped, tearing up the track. The train was well filled with passengers, 21 of whom were injured as follows: Mrs. Ella Foster, N ew Bloomfleld, Mo., bruised about head and shoulders Mrs. O. T. Bacon, Wichita Falls, Tex., slight bruise on head Chalmer McPherson, Waxahatchie, Tex., scalp wound Mrs. Mamie Allen, Ranger, Tex., back sprained D. H. Brown, Lockhart, Tex., left wrist broken J. G. Alexander, chief of police, Dallas, Tex., head cut Mrs. J. G. Alexander, head cut H. S. Cashion, Yont, Mo., bruised shoulder 8. E. Nipp, Colllnsville, 111., knee bruised D. M. Cogs well, Walling, Tex., bruised thigh and knee Pet er Smith, Furniss, Pa., bruised and leg hurtJo hn Scholten, arm hurt Wright, Sedalia, Mo., postal clerk W. F. Landrum, Sedalia, postal clerk, arm and leg bruised Scbtt Morrison, Sedalia, Mo., hand cut S. E. Wear, Cleburne, Tex., brusied thigh W. H. Graham, Se dalia, Mo., hand cut H. W . Graham, Se dalia, Mo., shoulder wrenched. W. M. Hamilton, St. Louis, wrist broken W. W. Wood, Clinton, . hip bruised Lincoln Hightower, St. Louis, porter, leg sprained. The injured were taken to Nevada on ther regular train this morning and sent to the Missouri, Kansas & Texas hospital. Many of them are badly hurt. CASHIER DISAPPEARS Bank Safe Is Locked and Depositors Are Wondering. Cincinnati, Aug, 11.j. r Brown, cashier cf the Union bank at New Holland, has been mysteriously missing since Saturday. There is much excitement here to-day among the depositors, whose funds in the bank approxi mate $200,000. It is believed, however that the funds will be found when the safe is opened by experts, Brown only having the combination. Cashier Brown's conduct has always bean regarded as exemplary, it is feared he has mot with foul play. ^iki^ , M^^'^'i -^K^vdafc ^^^]1^ TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 11, 1903. HE DEFENDS LYNCH LAW Speaker Before the Chautauqua Con ference Declares Lynchings Are Necessary and Desirable. Thru No Other Agency, He Says, Can the Negro Eavisher Be Restrained. The Hob, He Maintains, Stands as a Bulwark Between the Southern Women and Negro Brutes. Chautauqua, N. T., Aug. 11.Unique amo ng all summer gatherings is the "Mob Conference" now in progress here. The increase of mob spirit shown by frauds, lynching, riots, assassinations and other lawless happenings gives great importance to this conference. Among to-day's speakers was John Temple Graves ot Atlanta, Ga., who de fended lynch law as a remedy for the crime of rape, holding that tho lynching is a crime it is justified by the crime which provokes it and will never be dis continued until that crime is eliminated. The remedy for lynching must be the elimination of the crime of rape and this he maintained could be done only by the separation of the two races in the United States. "T he problem of the hour," said he, "is not to prevent lynching in the south, but the larger question: How shall we destroy the crime which always has and always will provoke lynching? The mob answers.it with the rope, the bullet and sometimes, God save us, with the torch. And the mob is practical its theory is effective to a large degree the mob is to-day the. sternest, the strongest and the most effective restraint that the age holds for the control of rape." The lyncher does not exterminate the rapist, Mr. Graves contended, but he holds him mightily in check. As a sheer, cold, patent fact, he said, the mob stands to day as the most potential bulwark be tween the woman of the south and such a carnival of crime as would infuriate the world and precipitate the annihlation of the negro race. The masses of the negro, he held, are not afraid of death coming in a regular way. They love display and the spectacular elements of a trial and execu tion appeal to their imagination. "Expediating the processes of the law," said Mr. Graves, "would not be adequate. The appeal of the amendments and the establishment o fthe negro's inferiority in law and society,tho desirable, would not be sufficient. It is a thing of the senses and with this race and with all similar races, the desire of the senses must be restrained by the terror of the senses, if possible under the law. "No influence so mighty and effective could be brought to be ar as a law making amputation the penalty for the crirpe of rape. But this, like curfew edicts, sep arate laws for white and black, or the treatment of the crime of rape as sepa rate and outside of all other codes, are but expedients there is no real remedy but one. No statute will permanently serve this problem. Religion does not solve it. Education complicates it. Poli tics complicates it, "T he truth which lies beyond and above all these temporizing expedients is that separation is the logical, the inevitable, the only solution of this great problem of the races." A razor is a saw, not a knife, and it works like a saw, not like a knife. Under the micro scope its edge is seen to have innumerable and fine saw teteth. When these teeth get clogged with dirt honing and stropping will do no good. Dipping It in hot water dissolves out the debris from between the teeth. .,.,. Mrs. Anne Thackeray Ritchie writes to the Pilot that millionaires are giving libraries and institutions to the toilers in the cities, but no one has as yet thought to give them air and light in the shape of more open spaces. MORE PROPERTY ON TAX BOOKS City's Personal Property Valuation for This Year Is More Than -$28,000,000. This Is an Increase of About $4,000,- 000 Over Last Year's Valuation. Board of Equalization Completes Its Work and Thanks the City Assessor. The city board of equalization closed its sittings this noon by hearing a report from City Assessor Minor which showed that the total assessed valuation of personal property in Minneapolis, May 1, of this year w as $28,166,754, which is an increase of $4,070,000 over the valuation of 1902. This increase is more, than three times the average increase in personal property, 1902 showing an increase- over 1901 of $1,135,000, and is the. best evidence ob tainable of the energy devoted by Mr. Minor and his staff to getting on the as sessor's books personal property that us- GREAT THING FOR THE RAILROADS All Trains Will Be Made Mail Car riers and Thus Will Receive Government Protection. In the Event of a Strike This Would Greatly Benefit Interstate Roads. It Would Effectually Stop Interfer ence Designed to Stop Inter state Commeroe. New York Sun Special Service. Washington, Aug. 11.Postmaster Gen eral Payne decided to-day to issue e n or der which will have the effect of making practically every train in the United States a mail train and of placing the rail roads in their entirety under the protec tion of the United States government. Incidentally this will obviate the possibil ity of interference with interstate com merce and passenger traffic by strikes as in time past. The proposed step wiU be accomplished GOING TJP! ually escapes taxation. Only sixty-five complaints were ma de before the board of equalization this year, and the reductions granted amounted to only $100,000. La st year there were 117 complaints, resulting in a total reduc tion of $3,100,000, altho many of these reductions followed some radical arbitrary assessment. New buildings erected, in Minneapolis the fiscal year ending May 1, 1903, were valued at $2,605,820, bringing the real estate valuation of the city up to $100,- 450,775. The 1903 assessment on grain in Minneapolis showed a total of 10,643,168 bushels, valued for assessment purposes at $1,601,286, which is an increase of $495,- J.42 over the 1902 assessment. The 113 Chamber of Commerce clearing-house memberships were assessed at $500 each, making a total of $56,500. Lumber Assessments. In the 1903 assessment the total num ber of logs found measured 323,593,025, feet, assessed at $1,567,965 the lumber aggregated 40,517,450 feet, assessed at $405,175 the shingles totaled / 4,468,000, assessed at $5,035, and the laths at 3,162,- 000, assessed at $2,810. Among the Minneapolis lumber firms that submitted to an increase of assess ment without protest were the following: 1903. Increase. Shevlin-Carpenter $295,710 $87,150 Scanlori-Gipson 316,145 172.S05 Itasca Lumber Co 397,850 262,850 BoTey-DeLaittre 222,865 32,980 Nelson-TutMU ..147,835 25,435 Backus-Brooks 236,675 90,525 There were some reductions, but the totals show an increase of $459,808 in the assessed valuation of the Minneapolis lum ber companies' personal property. Thanks for Mr. Miner. Prior to the final adjournment of the board of equalization a formal vote of thanks w as tendered Mr. Minor for the excellent results achieved and the ^mall number of complaints resulting from the increased assessments. DIVORCED IN DAKOTA Mrs. Knapp of. Baltimore Married to Frank D. Mullan. Sioux Falls, S. D., Aug. 11. - The marriage yesterday, of Mrs. Ma ry McDon ald Knapp of Baltimore, stepdaughter of ex-Gov. Whyte of Maryland, to Frank D. Mullan of Washington, D. C , representa tive of a southern railroad company, is the sequel to another interesting romance, such as the divorce colony in this city reveals from time to time. It has ju st been learned that on Aug. 3 the bride was granted a decree of di vorce by Judge Jones of the state circuit court in this city, from Alexander Pays on , Knapp of Baltimore, by commissioning conductors, baggage masters or other trainmen, wherever de sired, as employes of the United States postal service and empowering them to handle the desired class of mails. Postmaster General Payn e, and Second Assistant Postmaster General Shallenber ger have had the matter under considera tion for months. The agitation, however, which really led to the adoption of the new policy has been growing for several years, and, like so many other important steps adopted by the postoffice of late years, is a result of the tremendous growth of the rural free delivery service. The policy adopted by the government is really an amplification of a system which has been in use for some time by the publishers of papers who serve sub scribers on rural free delivery routes reached by mail train facilities necessarily limited. I t has been the system of these publishers to entrust bundles of papers to trainmen on trains which did not carry the United States mails, with instructions to throw them off at certain points. This system, however, has been very unsatis factory. Now the government will ma ke itself responsible for the proper carriage and delivery of these newspapers, and to this end will commission and pay a salary to trainmen over and above the compensa tion received by them for their regular work. SENATORS ASSEMBLE Go to Providence to Consider Finan cial Legislation. New York Sun Speoial Service. Providence, R. I., Aug. 11.The colony of United States senators at the home of Senator Aldrich at Warwick 14 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK. ON E HUNDRED DEAD - . , ^ IN TUNNEL DISASTER Fire in an Underground Electric Railway Train at Paris, France, Results in Awful Loss of Life. Heartrending Scene as Relatives of the Victims Crowd Around the Tunnel's Mouth, Awaiting to Identify Their DeadPolice Are Called Out to Maintain OrderWork of Recovering the Bodies Now Going On. Paris, Aug. 11.-Eighty-four bodies have been recovered and the death list prob ably will exceed 100 in the underground railway disaster which occurred here last night. * The accident, which occurred on the Metropolitan Eleotric railway, assumed: the proportions of an awful catastrophe during the early hours of the day, when more than four score of the burned and' suffocated were removed from the sub terranean right of way. The work con tinues and indications are that the death list will perhaps exceed five score. The scenes at the mouth of the tunnel where the victims were brought forth were of the most heartrending description. Crowds of men, women and children strug gled forward in an effort to recognize their missing relatives and friends. Most of the missing are from the middle and working classes. Altho the accident occurred at 8 o'clock last evening, the officials and firemen were unable until early this morning to descend into the tunnel, owing to the blinding clouds of smoke from the burn ing train. Frequent attempts were made by heroic volunteers whom it was neces sary to revive, half suffocated, and carry away to the hospitals. A t ten minutes after 3 o'clock Sergeant Ahrans, wearing a respirator, succeeded in making the descent. He remained seven minutes and brought up the first informa tion to the effect that the dead were \ strewn all about the roadway of the tun nel. Then he collapsed. Twenty minutes later firemen forced tlipir way down thru the tunnel station at Menilmontarit and returned soon after ward with seven bodies, two men, two young boys and three women. These per sons had been asphyxiated, as their posi tions showed they had been groping thru the smoke that filled the tunnel, seeking a way to escape when they were over come. The work of bringing up bodies went on steadily after that under the personal di rection of Prefect of Police Lehine, who summoned a large reserve force to hold back the surging crowd, including the rel atives of the victims. Long Lines of Ambulances. Long lines of ambulances were brought into requisition and the bodies were car ried to the morgue and the near-by mili tary barracks. After daylight the crowds at the entrance of the tunnel increased to enormous proportions, obliging the police to form a solid cordon thru which' were, admitted only those seeking to identify friends 6r relatives among the victims. The failure of many men, women and children to return home during the night gave ma ny the first news of the catastro phe. Fathe rs and mothers came to the mouth of the tunnel to try to find the ab sent ones. At the second descent the fire men found a great number of bodies massed near the ticket office of the station, where ma ny had evidently been overcome while seeking tickets. They had been suprised by the column of smoke and had sought to run back up the stone stairway leading to the street. A struggle had ensued and some escaped, but the others had been trampled upon. One woman suffocated within the ticket office, where the body was found. The ticket seller herself suc ceeded in escaping. A t the station of Les Charonnes the same scene of death and despair had been enacted. The accident occurred midway between the station of Menilmontant and Les Charonnes, so that the work of sal vage proceeded from both ends of the tunnel. In addition to the blinding smoke, the tunnel belched forth a terrific heat, as one of the trains was Blowly burning within. The firemen succeeded in throwing sev eral streams of water in the direction of the wreck, while some firemen and mili tary engineers at great hazard pushed on inside the tunnel. They brought out two bodies and soon afterwards three more. The latter were laborers who had almost succeeded in reaching the exit when they were overcome and suffocated. city of Paris would bear the entire,ex penses of the funeral of the victims. At 8:30 a. m. the total of the bodies at the morgue had reached 40, and the total at the barracks of the municipal guard 44, making 84 altogether. A t 9 o'clock the number of bodies wa* unofficially estimated at about 100. The First Descent. Dead Piled High. Further on, the firemen stumbled upon a terrible mass of bodies. These were the passengers of the burned train. They had leaped from the coaches to escape the fire and groping their way in suffocating clouds of smoke sought the exit at Les Charronnes station. But the tunnel makes a sharp turn near the scene of the disaster and at the angle the entire mass of humanity apparently became tightly wedged. The panic which took place at this point within this dark sub terranean passage must have been ter rible. The corpses from this death angle soon swelled the list until at 6:50 a.m. Prefect Lepine placed the number of vic tims at forty-five already recovered while the steady file of firemen bringing up bod ies continued. M. Lepine summoned a large force of doctors and municipal officials who super intended the removal of the bodies. The numbers of bodies brought up from the angle where the mass was wedged was so great that four and finally eight bodies were placed in each ambulance. Many of the victims had handkerchiefs stuffed in their mouths, they evidently having tried to keep out the asphyxiating smoke. The faces of the dead were red and con gested. Some women held their children tightly in their arms. Agonizing Cries of Relatives. As the firemen brought out the bodies agonizing cries went up from women and children who recognized the dead hu s bands and fathers. The clothing of the victims indicated that they were almost entirely second-class passengers. There were several first-class coaches on the trains and it is believed that three oc cupants were also amo ng the victims. The body of one of the women was hand somely dressed while two amo ng the male victims were evidently persons of impor tance., k Neck, con tinues to grow. The latest additions are Senators Beveridge of Indiana and Hale of Maine, and to-day it is expected that Senator Spooner, the last member of the subcommittee which is drafting a finance bill, will arrive. It is .explained that 'the presence of Senators Hale and Beveridge has no con nection with the work of the finance com mittee and that they are there simply as the guests of Senator Aldrich. Both of these senators arrived recently and they will go away in the course of the next few days. Senator Hale came down from his home in Maine and Senator Beveridge is on his way to the west after a mon th of camping in the Maine woods. Son succeeds father in the presidency of Monmouth college at Monmouth, 111. The late Rev. J. B. McMlchael was the head of the institution for nearly twenty yeans. The Rev. Thomas Hanna McMlchael, D the new president. About 7 a. m. the bodies of ten women were brought out together. They had evidently been in the female compartment and had sought to escape in company when they were overcome. The bodies of two little girls and two infants were found with them, clinging to their mothers. Many poor people claimed the bodies of their children and relatives and tried to take them home, but the police gently but firmly insisted on the bodies being taken to the morgue and barracks in order that the magnitude of the catas trophe might be determined. At the Hotel De Ville the president of D., is the municipal council announced that the Stumbled Over the Dead. The officials at the stations were the first to become aware of the disaster by the clouds of smoke rising from the tun nel and the staggering efforts of a few of the stronger men and two women who had been able to make their way thru the dense smoke. Those who got out were unable to give any information concerning the others left behind but they told of stumbling over dead people all along the way. The cars continued to burn until they were consumed. The burning debris gave forth a fierce heat which puffed out of the mouth of the station of Les Charronnes and Menilmontant. Most of the trainmen escaped but the conductor of the train causing the accident was seriously in jured. The escape of the trainment is at tributed not to their lack of attention to the passengers but to their superior knowledge of the subterranean passage which enabled them to hasten forward in spite of the darkness. Several soldiers were among those who effected their escape. They were slightly injured, however, and were taken to a hospital. 'Two women who escaped were partically asphyxiated. A number of heroic incidents occurred. One of the employes of the road nearly lost his life in seeking to make his way thru the smoke to aid the victims and is now in the hospital. Prefect Lepine, himself took his life in his hands by entering the tunnel and pro ceeding a considerable distance until the smoke drove him back. The catastrophe has caused intense ex citement thruout the city, even the Hum bert trial being forgotten in the wide spread feeling of horror and grief. A t noon Colonel Meaux St. Marc, on behalf of President Loubet, visited the morgue and Premier Combes went to the scene of the disaster. M. Porteaux, premier of the republic, and Judge Joljiet of Seine tri- - bunal have proceeded to Les Charronnes station to open a judicial investigation into the affair. Engineer Was Foolhardy. The chief station master at Les Char- " 'rones ha given a graphic description of the events preceding the accident. He says he saw the flames running along the gear of the cars when the first train passed thru the station and called out to the engineer to stop saying there was no time to reach the next station, but the engineer declared he had ample time and proceeded. A few minutes later a long blue flame flashed thru the tunnel, fol lowed by a violent detonation, looking into the mouth of the tunnel, M. Didier could see flashes from the burning cars. Great masses of smoke began to pour out, preventing the officials from entering the tunnel. Men struggled out thru the smoke. Screams could be heard in the diPtanfe amid the crackling of the fire. Kugene Ollivier, one of the few surviv ors, describes the terrible panic which oc curred in the darkness. The people, ha says, rushed and fought with one another madly seeking to get away. H e was sick, but nerved to desperation by the situation, managed to get thru the struggling mass. As he went he passed over the bodies of those who had fallen exhausted but it was impossible to render them aid. Victims Were Working Men. The names and occupations of the vic tims gave pathetic evidence of their hum ble condition. The names are character istic of the French working classes and occupations are given as painter, mason, plumber, tailor, seamstress, locksmith, etc. Outside the workmen, about every third name is that of a woman. Pitiful scenes were enacted at the morgue thr u out the day as relatives gathered seeking to identify the bodies, which were ranged in long lines on white marble slabs. The clothing of ma ny of the victims is torn, showing the fierceness of their struggle to reach the outer air. Flag at Half Mast. Premier Combes descended into the tun nel and made a personal Inspection. H e asked the chief of police for a speedy re port of the causes of the disaster and a list of the victims and announced his in tention of proposing at a council of min isters, measure for the relief of the poor families of the victims. The flag over the Hotel de Ville (city hall) has been lowered to half-mast as a sign of the city's mourning. Another survivor, named Jules Bouat, describes the struggle during the panio in the tunnel as terrible. Women were screaming "Save me! Save me!" Ah old man suffocated, and fell at his feet. The women screamed until they fell asphyx iated. M. Gauthier, the magistrate for the dis trict, says one of the main causes of the loss of life was that those escaping took the wrong exit, one passage leading out to the street while the other was, barred as it was for admitting passangers. Many victims sought the barred exit and were found mashed against the wall where they had been slowly suffocated. M. Bienvenu, chief engineer of tho Metropolitan Railroad, says from the tech nical point of view every precaution to avoid danger had been taken. He declares that many of the plans suggested for the ventilation or inundation of the tunnel were after thoughts. The chief misfortune w as that the employes did not organize with sufficient rapidity to permit the pas sengers being quickly drawn out. A large force of mounted guards is at the mou th of the tunnel. The firemen have gathered a largd collection of torn clothing, bat tered hats, twisted umbrellas and blood stained handkerchiefs showing how des perate was the underground struggle. No American Victims. A t the American consulate it was learn ed that there were no Americans among the victims. The prefecture of police con firms this. How It Happened. The causes of the accident are engaging the attention of the officials. Several versions of the disaster are given, but the main facts which have been established are the following: Train No. 48 which caused the accident came from Porte Dauphine at the ent rance to the Bois De Boulonge in the western 'part of Paris and passing under the Place de 1'Etoile circled the northerly auarter of the city, la tbia nortbear a ,.s& 4- A I 7 -Vr **** f f : H 'I