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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, August 17, 1903, Image 1

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THE
PRICE TWO CENTS.
NAYAL REVIEW
FOR PRESIDENT
The North Atlantic Fleet Assembles
for Summer Maneuvers at
. Oyster Bay.
Several Miles of Fighting Ships Vis
ible From the President's Win
dows This Morning.
Review Is by Far the Most Elabor
ate Ever Attempted by Ameri
can Naval Forces.
Osster Bav, L I Aug 17Twenty-one
wirshlps drawn up in four parallel col
umns a mile long and including some of
the best fighting ships of the United
States navy, resting upon the glass sur
face of Long Island oun composed the
picture which lav spread out before Presi
dent Roosevelt when he stepped out upon
the \eranda of his home at Sagamoie hill
earl\ to day
Their biass work shining under the
slanting ia\s of the morning sun gave
e-vidence that every ship was spick and
span for this the first naval review at the
nation s summer capitol and possibly the
first ever held for the exclusive purpose
of presidential honors
Commanded hy Rear Admiral Barker
and three other naval officers of similar
rank, the fleet, comprising two squadrons,
each of two divisions besides a flotilla
of torpedo boat destroyers, included a
representative of nearly e\er type of
fighting craft from the ponderous Illinois
to the lean destroyers
Two parallel columns of battleships and
orulsers headed by the Kearsarge, Rear
Admiral Barker's flagship and flanked
b files of destroyers, composing the
North Atlantic fleet, covered the placid
sound for two miles off shore from^ pic
turesque Lloyds Neck, and blockading
the mouth of Oyster Bay, presented a
splendid marine spectacle abundantly
suggestive of America s sea power
Clustered in the mouth of the bay rested
the presidents jacht Mayflower Secre
tary Moody's official craft the Dolphin,
and Sir Thomas Llpton s beautiful steam
yacht Erin surrounded bj a graceful fleet
of steam and sailing vaohti gathered to
witness the imposing ceremony when the
president and the fleet officially exchanged
greetings
Fairer weather for the review could not
have been asked When the president
boarded the Mayflower s launch at the J
"West Roosevelt landing the big white
shapes of the war vessels between the
double lines of gray destroyers loomed up
out of a thin haze that hung over the
Bound Hardly a ripple wrinkled the sur
face of the water
The Mayflower lay in the mouth of Oys
ter Bay Near by was the Dolphin with
Secretary Moody, Admiral Dewey and sev
eral rear admirals on board.
Before the president arrived, Secre
tary Moody, Admiral Dewey, Rear Ad
miral Laytor, ohief of the bureau of
navlzatlon, Rear Admiral Rogers, com
mandant of the New York ra/y yaids.
Captain Brownson, commandant of the
naval academy. General Chaffee, Sir
Thomas Lipton, Colonel Sharman-Craw
ford of the Ro-val Ulster Yacht club C
Oliver Iselin, W. Butler Duncan, Wood
bury Kane and Commodore Frederick C
Bourne of Now York Yacht club were
taken on board the Mayflower
Salutes the President.
As the president stepped on the deck
of the Mayflower her guns spoke the first
salute of the morning Leaving her an
chorage the Dolphin passed the May
flower, saluting as she went by Then the
Mayflower steamed down the bay, fol
lowed by the president's yacht Sylph, hav
ing the guests of the president on board
Slowly the president's flagship moved out
into the sound, where the battleships and
cruisers lay in two parallel lines length
wise of the sound, with a column of de
stroyers flanking each line of the larger
ships The light column was composed of
two divisions the first consisting of the
Kearsarge, Illinois and Alabama under
commmand of Rear Admiral Barker the
second comprising the Texas Baltimore
and Chicago, commanded by Rear Admiral
Sands
The left column included Rear Admiral
Coghlan s flagship, the Olympia and the
cul3er Topeka, composing the first divi
sion, and the Yankee, Prairie Panther
and Dolphin the second division Rear
Admiral Wise commanding Flanking the
first column and between it and the Long
Iisland shore was the first dhislon of
the destroyer flotilla, the Decature Bain
bridge Barry Dale and Chauncey under
command of Lieutenant L H Chandler.
Lying outside of all the remainder of the
fleet was a flanking column of destroyers,
including the Truxton, Worden, Whipple,
Stewart and Lawrence, commanded by
Lieutenant R. K Benham
Surrounding them was a flotilla of steam
craft of all description number a hun
dred vessels and Including splendid great
steam yachts. A string of code signals
fluttered in the rigging of the Dolphin,
an answering string hung limply from
the Kearsarge's yard and many flags
wigwagged from ship to ship of the big
fleet
conveyed to the Kearsarge to return the
official call
Twenty-one guns from her secondary
battery spoke an official welcome and an
equal number at paiting In turn he
visited each of the batlteships and cruis
ers the ceremony being repeated in eachc
instance.
GIVES $20,000 TO THE POOR
Pope Pius Sets Aside That Amount
for Distribution Among the
Roman Proletariat.
Prince Orsini to Retain His Post as
Assistant at the Papal
Throne.
Files President's Flag.
With the president's flag flying from
her main truck, the Mayflower steamed
slowly off to the east end of the right
column, made a sweeping curve and
moved down thiu the lane between tho
first column of battleships and cruisers
and the first column of destroyers Lines
of white-clad sailors manned the rails
superstructure fighting tops and vards
of the white fleet and dotted the rails of
the dark hulls of the destroyers Scurry
ing launches cleared the course of the
Mayflower and her satellite, the Sylph,
as they entered the lane
A 12-pound gun in the Kearsarge's sec
ondary battery spurted a little flash of
smoke and the succession of presidential
salutes began While the smoke was
drifting from the Kearsarge s guns her
band struck up "Columbia ' and her sail
ors gave the president a ringing cheer as
the Mayflower moved bv At a speed of
three emiles an hour, the president s flag
ship proceeded down the lane and as she
approached the guns of each of the ships
in turn spoke in salute their bands and
the oheers of the sailors joining in the
tribute. The guns of the destroyers were
silent
Fired Twenty-one Guns.
From the bridge of the Mayflower Presi
dent Roosevelt, surrounded by a group of
admirals and friends, acknowledged the
salutes At the end of the lane the May -
flower turned and passed down the line
between the second column of cruisers and
second line of destroyers One after an
other the guns o fthe Dolphin Panther,
Prairie, Yankee Topeka and Olympia sa
luted until having encircles the fleet and
completed the first part of the review,
the Mayflower stopped at the head of the
two columns between the Kearsarge and
the Olympia
As a naval picture, the scene was splen
did and inspiring Launches put off from
the warships and scurried over to the
Mayflower conveying the commanders
and flag officers to pay their respects to
the president
"his formality completed, the president
, nnartied the Mayflower's launch and was
Rome, Aug 17The pope has given
$20 000 for distribution among the poor
of Rome
The pontiff seems to have quite recov
ered his health as he is giving more au
diences than before hesuffered from his
recent fainting fit altho the heat is still
suffocating This morning, among others
the pope received Piince Chlgl, marshal
of the oonclave, and questioned him re
garding the discharge of his duties as
marshal
The pontiff atferwards received Prince
Or3ini, assistant at the papal throne The
pope greeted him cordially, saying he
would be glad if the prince would retain
his office, which he had resigned before
the death of Leo X11I, and expressed the
hope that he would not again resign it
In reply. Prince Orsini gave the pope to
understand that his resignation had noth
ing to do with the duties of his office,
but was tendered on account of his dis
satisfaction with the conduct of certain
matters under the late pope
The Pope's View of It.
London, Aug 17"My jailers confined
me here and then ran away ' This ac
cording to the Daily Mail's Rome corre
spondent, whom the pope received Sun
day is how Pius expressed his embarrass
ment at the ceremonial life of the Vati
can his jailers being the sacred college
of cardinals
The correspondent found his holiness
placid and kindly, but quite confused
about the ceremonial to be followed One
of the Vatican officials said that they
could not suggest many points of usage
to the pope, and he could not guess them
Thus the pope bowed to instead of bless
ing the party among whom was the cor
respondent when they withdrew
SAYS TO THEM:
SHOOT TO KILL
New York Pastor Speaks Strongly
on the Question of Mob
Rule.
New York, Aug 17Rev Dr Robert S
MacArthur, pastor of the Calvary Baptist
church, has vigorously denounced lynch
ing and anarchy. In the course of his ser
mon he said
"A mob is a wild bea?t A mob has no
brains to think, no breast to feel and no
reason to judge between right and wrong
When democracy becomes mobocraej the
days of the lepublic will be numbered
Mob law is one of the greatest dangers
in a republican form of government It is
anarchy, pure and simple It is vastly
more dangerous in a republic than in a
monarchy It resolves societv into sav
agery It brutalizes and demoralizes all
who participate In it It puts brute force
in the place of law and vengeance in the
place of justioe It Is treason to the re
public and a dishonor to humanity."
"Ours Is the only country on the globe
that roasts at the stake the uncondemned
and utried There is not a spot to-day in
darkest Africa or in any other pagan land
where such atrocities are committed
We must Insist that sheriffs and other
officeis of the law shall be fearless in the
defense of their prisoners even tho they
be guilty of the most awful crimes In
order to do so they may have to shoot to
kill No man who knows m spirit wiU
charge me with cruelty in feeling or ac
tion, but I believe public officials are
guilt} of wrong to a mob when they shoot
into the air "
FOR A RELIGIOUS TRUST
Rev. Bruce Brown of Chioago Says
That Is What Is
Needed.
Chicago, Aug. 17A trust in religious
forces to bring about economies in soul
Baving, after the manner of the com
mercial world, has been advocated by the
Rev Bruce Brown, in the North Side
Christian chuich
"It is high time there should be a trust
in religious forces and resources," he
said ' Our present methods tend to
multiply churches in respectable com
munities and to leave the slums destitute
of church privileges We build so many
churches among the comparatively good
people that we ha\e no money left to
preach the gospel to the poor
' The millennium will never dawn on
a divided church The kingdoms of this
world will not be made the kingdoms of
God by any sect or schism Our useful
ness and efficiency and influenoe would be
magnified many fold if we would cease
multiplying churches where they are
needed the least to use the money for
building churches where they are needed
the most
"I am in favor of a religious trust"
BIG IRRIGATION WORKS
C. P. R. Will Expend Ten Millions
and a Half on New Selections
of Land.
Ottawa, Ont, Aug 17 It is announced that
an agreement has been made whereby the
Canadian Pacific railway is soon to make ex
cepting 500 000 acres, its last selections of
land iu the northwest territories This se
lection will cover more than 3,000,000 acres,
evtendlng easterly from Calgary to Langeun,
and cover a tract 145 miles long by 50 wide,
along the main line, in the semi-arid belt
The Canadian Pacific purposes to expend
$350 an acre in irrigation works, or a total
of $10 500 000 This land was selected delib
erately instead of more fertile areas remote
from tne main line which might in the future
make business for a competing line The re
maining 500,000 aeies, it is understood, will
be selected along the route of the Manitoba
and Northwestern railway line
It is the understanding that the irrigation
project is to be taken up at once, and that
actual work may be commenced next year.
KW y,i-4^t&^i
,iU^v3J
MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 17, 1903. 14 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK.
SENATE REJECTS
PANAMA TREATY
Minister Beaupre Cables From Bo
gota That the Treaty Has
Been Defeated.
In All Probability This Means the
Abandonment of the Pan
ama Route.
Two Alternatives Are LeftCo
ercion or the Adoption of
the Nicaragua Route.
Washington, Aug 17A cablegram has
been received at the state department
from Minister Beaupre at Bogota, say
ing that the Panama canal treaty has
been rejected by the Colombian senate
President Roosevelt was immediately
advised of the news Mr Beaupre's tele
gram being forwarded by Acting Secretary
Loomis to Oyster Bay
Veiy little additional Information con
cerning the action of the Colombian sen
ate could be obtained at the state depart
ment Mr Loomis was not at the depart
ment to-day, the statement being made
**', *-
Uncle SamDon't Try Him, GeneralYou Can Never Make Ninety Miles a Pay oa .That Animal.
that he had gone away for a few days on
business Mr Adee, acting secretary,
would not discuss Colombian affairs nor
indicate what course the United States
would pursue The information in the
cablegram of Mr Beaupre was meager
and there was no intimation whether the
treaty might not again be brought up for
consideration
Section 4 of the isthmian canal act pro
vides that, should the president be un
able to obtain a satisfactory title to the
property of the new Panama Canal com
pany and control of the necessary terri
tory and the rights necessary to the con
struction of the canal from the republic of
Colombia, he shall make the necessary
treaties with Costa Rica and Nicaragua
and. proceed with the construction of a
canal by the Nicaraguan route
It will be impossible for President Mar
roquin to submit again the treaty to the
Colombian congress in Its present form
The senate having rejected it, the treaty
cannot again come before that body ex
cept by the senate's own vote President
Marroquin, however, can send the treaty,
slightly amended, to the senate and reopen
the canal debate It is believed at the
Colombian legation that President Marro
quin will adopt some such procedure.
IT WAS FROZEN FOR AGES
Body of a Mammoth in an Excellent
State of Preservation Is Pound
in Siberia.
St Petersburg, Aug 17The Academy
of Sciences in St Petersburg lately re
oeived an extraordinary acquisitiona
complete gigantic mammoth with even its
skin in a perfect state of preservation
When the news of the discovery came the
academy sent out an expedition under Dr.
Otto Herz to the spot, a wild place on the
bank of the Beresovka river, where a re
cent landslide had disclosed the animal's
bodv Dr Herz' party had the greatest
difficulty in getting the animal out of its
Ice bed A wooden house was built and
big flres lighted to thaw the ice At last
it was all removed and got to St. Peters
burg from Irkutsk
The hide was perfect and alone weighed
820 pounds It is covered with thick,
strong hair from eight to twenty inches
long
The flesh, according to expert geolo
gists, must have lain In the earth and ice
about 20,000 years It is blood-red and
has a certain elasticity Between the flesh
and the hide is a coating of fat three
inches and a half thick, which must have
enabled the mammoth to bear the most
intense cold
The stomach, found intact, was filled
with various kinds of grasses and the
teeth were lined with vegetable matter,
showing that the animal was feeding when
suddenly buried.
Frederic Masson, who has just been elected
a member of the French Academy, is famed
as one of the greatest living authorities on
Napoleon,
SAYS MERGERS . INVESTIGATION
*
fcV sk
ARE INEVITABLE
President of Illinois Central Points
to Conditions in New York
and Pennsylvania.
Declares Twenty or Thirty Roads
Ultimately Will Control the
Country's Traffic.
Says, Too, That the Mergers, if Well
Managed, Will Result in
Lower Tariffs.
Now York Sun Special Sendee.
New York, Aug. 17.That trusts are
inevitable and that they benefit the peo
ple as much as the owners were two
points insisted upon bv Stuyvesant Fish,
president of the Illinois Central railway
in a statement on big combinations given
out to-day. Mr Pish said
"Consolidations and mergers will con
tinue right along, but the railroads never
will be controlled by one man, neither will
the government take control of them
These consolidations are aimed to secure
NOT A RECORD-BREAKER
greater economy and should bring about
lower rates
"You can no more prevent consolida
tions in the interest of economy than you
can make water run up hill The light
way to do is to let the railroads consol
idate or merge all they want to, then let
the people look after the tariff rates and
taxation
"Consolidations are bound to continue
There are at present some 800 railroad
companies, and these will sooner or later
be merged into 20 or 30 coiporatlonsit
Is the inexorable logic of events
"A well managed trust always will de
crease prices, if it does not it will invite
new competitors in the field The tend
ency of the times is to economize and util
ize everything possible. The Illinois Cen
tral railroad is a consolidation of some
fifty small lines. When the companv took
over the Yazoo & Mississippi railroad we
saved in clerk hire alone in one year
about $30 000, which pays the interest on
$1,000,000 at 8 per cent.
Mergers a Good Thing.
"Consolidations are a good thing. The
two states in the union that ha\e pros
pered most are New York and Pennsyl
vania and in each there is practically only
one big railroad corporation. This shows
that a well managed merger is beneficial
to all parties, the public and the pro
moters.
"There is no danger to be feared from
them at all The trusts are bound to
come, and, if well managed, will not only
earn money for themselves but will give
the public lower prices. If the beef trust
or the steel trust raises prices without
good reason they will defeat their own
ends by inviting the formation of new
companies.
"Business on the Illinois Central has
been increasing and our July earnings, as
compared with those of last year, show
a gain of $500,000 The cry is for more
cars and better facilities for handling our
traffic I have just closed a contract for
1,000 more cars and some new engines
and we are rushing improvements along
our line W e will put down a double
track from Chicago to St. Louis as soon
as possible.
"We have all we can do to finish up the
work already mapped out in double track
ing and the improvement of our terminal
facilities Many eastern people have lit
tle conception of the great growth and
progress of the west. The flurry in the
stock market does not affect things out
our way."
STTLTAN IS SASSY
Leader of lanao Moros Is Due for a
Thrashing.
Manila, Aug 17Major Robert L Bullard
has demanded redress from Sultan Dezen, the
tribal leader of the Lanao Moros. Altho pro
fessing a warm friendship for Americans,
the sultan recently .surrounded a small de
tachment of United States troops, paying
him a friendly visit, with a strong force of
warriors and offered battle, his men insult
ingly bearing an American flag So far the
only reply from the sultan to Major Bullard s
demands has been defiances
Defective Page
NEABS ITS CLOSE
FederalGrand Jury Expected to Con
clude Work on Postal Affairs
Shortly.
Senator Piatt's Republican Machine
Said to Be Working to
"Save" Beavers.
New York Sun Special Service.
Washington, Aug 17The federal
grand jury is expected to bring in a
batch of indictments this week, which will
close up the postoffice department in
vestigation. Two or three of the indict
ments will be against persons who have
already been indicted Dismissals of de
partment employes in addition to those
aheady got rid of will undoubtedly occur.
One official who is slated to go is H. H.
Rand, confidential clerk to the postmaster
general, who is said to have been in
terested with Former Superintendent
Machen and others, in various mining
deals and other schemes John M Mas
ton, assistant superintendent of the rail
way mail service will also have to go
Mr Masten's conduct has been under in
vestigation for a long time and sufficient
IMMIIMMIUtt"""**"*"* .M...MM.MMMMIM
evidence is said to have been accumu
lated to make his dismissal from the
service practically certain One or two
other persons will have their official
heads chopped off by Postmaster Gen
eral Payne* s ax
By the first of September it is expected
the investigation will have been con
cluded, and it will then only remain for
the department of justice to prosecute
the persons indicted The postoffice de
partment feels confident that this will be
successful, except, perhaps, in the case
of George W Beavers, former chief of
the salary and allowances division, who
is hiding in New York
It is believed that whenever it is nec
essary the person of eBavers will be pro
duced, but it is feared that the govern
ment may lose in his trial in N ew York.
Beavers is "solid" with the republican
machine of that state, and it is openly
hinted that District Attorney Young is
not as zealous in his slow efforts to
bring Beavers to justice as some other
man would be Young Is an active mem
ber of Senator Piatt's organization, and
there are said to be many men in that
machine who have in the past pofited
thru their frinedship for Beavers They
realize that if the former chief of salaries
and allowances is brought to trial it
will mean a number of important dis
closures regarding his relations with
them, which may not be of the best char
acter The word has therefore been
passed around that everything possible
must be done to prevent Beavers from
being brought to trial
It is believed, however, that public
sentiment will force a trial shortly, but
then the New York politicians will exert
every effort to secure Beavers' ac
quittal. IT BREAKS ALL RECORDS
Trade Between U. S. and Canada
Was Higher Than Ever Be
fore Last Year.
Washington, Aug 17Commerce between
tho United States and Canada was larger for
the fiscal year just endede than during any
preceding year ThiB is true both as to the
imports and exports
Figures for the year's commerce presented
by the bureau of statistics show the imports
from Canada amounted to $54,660,410 and ex
ports to Canada amounted to $123,472,416 In
this term is included British Columbia
Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia and New
Of the imports of the year $38,000,000 in
round figures were from Quebec and On
tario, $10,000,000 from New Brunswick and
Kova Scotia, and $6,000,000 from British Col
umbia Of the exports $110,000,000 were to
Quebec and Ontario $7,00,000 to New Brurfe
wick and Nova Scotia, and $6,000,000 to British
Columbia
Richmond, Va Kt Lurich Station, Giles
county, late yesterday evening, while a party
of children, one *o and se-vpn girls ranging
in age from eight to Mteen years, were
wi lerl drowned.
BULGARIA ARRAIGNS
TURKISH MIS-RULE
In an Official. Memorandum the Bulgarian Gov
ernment Appraises the Powers of
Conditions in Macedonia.
Specific Instances of Persecution, Murder and Massacre Are Reported
and the Porte Is Challenged to Refute Their AuthenticityMost
Important State Document of Recent Balkan History.
s
Constantipole, Aug 17An imperial irade has been issued calling out
fifty-two additional battalions of troopsabout 62 000 menfrom the Euro-
pean piovinces of Turkey in consequence of the spread of insurrection in
Macedonia. These troops comprise twenty battalions of reserves of the first
class from the Adrianople and Saloniki aimy corps. The balance are re-
serves of the second class
The Ottoman government has concluded negotiations with the Krupp
works for the supply of thirty-two batteries of quick-lire field artillery, each
consisting of six guns.
Q
Sofia, Bulgaria, Aug 17 The Bulgarian j sia upon the porte A full exchange of
government has presented a memorandum
to the powers, setting forth the condition
of affairs in Macedonia since the Turkish
government undertook three months ago
the promised reforms
The most precise details, dates, places
and names are given in the memorandum,
the whole constituting a terrible categoiy
of murder, torture, incendiarism, pillage
and oppression committed by Ottoman
soldiers and officials These particulars
were obtained from official sources, such
as the reports of the Bulgarian consuls,
and agents of the Bulgarian govern
ment, and, in many instances, the reports
made by Turkish authorities. The Bul
garian government guarantees the abso
lute truth of every statement and chal
lenges the porte to disprove a single
charge.
Reform Has Meant Persecution.
The memorandum begins by stating
that during the past three months the
Ottoman government has taken a series
of measures with the alleged intention of
inaugurating the promised reform and of
assuring peace and tranquility to the Bul
garian population of European Turkey,
but which have had the contiary effect
of further exasperating the population
and reviving the revolutionary movement.
Instead of proceeding solely against per
sons guilty of breaches of the public or
der, the civil and military authorities have
sought every possible pretext to persecute,
terrorize and ruin the Bulgarian inhabi
tants, alike in the large cities and in the
small villages
Wholesale massacres, individual mur
ders, the destruction of villages, the pil
laging and setting fire to houses, the ar
rests, ill treatment, tortures arbitrary
imprisonment and banishment, the clos
ing and disorganizing of churches and
schools, the ruining of merchants, the col
lection of taxes for many years in ad
vancesuch, proceeds the memorandum,
are among the acts of the Ottoman ad
ministration of the vilayets of Saloniki,
Monastir, TJskub and Adrianople.
Men Tortured to Death.
The memorandum next relates in detail
a number of such cases in each vilayet
Beginning with the vilayet of Saloniki it
states that in the town of Saloniki it
self the Bulgarian professors of the uni
versity, the students and shopkeepers, in
fact, all the intelligent Bulgarians, have
been cast Into prison One hundred and
twenty soldiers entered the village of
(Jorna-Ribnitza, May 19, and tortured to
death five men and two women In the
first three weeks of July, twenty-five vil
lages in the district of Likvesch were sub
jected to the depredations of the Turkish
soldiers and bashi-bazouks The villagers
were beaten and tortured, the women
were violated and the houses were plun
dered while the administrative authorities
looked on.
In the vilayet of Monastir, artillery
bombarded and razed the flourishing town
of Smerdesch, the 300 houses being left
a heap of ruins At the beginning of July
two Greek bands, with the connivance
of the authorities, pillaged Bulgarian vil
lages and murdered many of their in
habitants
In the valleys of Uskub, the entire Bul
garian population has been systematical
ly persecuted since last May. The di
rector of the normal school at Uskub was
imprisoned because his library contained
the "revolutionary" works of "Othello'
and "Les Miserables "
Used Red Hot Irons.
In the districts of Palanka, Koschani,
Koumanovo and Gostlgar, the prisons are
filled with Bulgarian priests, schoolmas
ters and merchants In June the soldiers
and bashi-bazouks terrorized the in
habitants of the Schtif district, tortur
ing them with red-hot irons. Similar
atrocities perpetrated in the vilayet of
Adrianople are cited.
Altogether, the memorandum gives par
ticulars of no less than 131 individual and
general cases of excesses and outrages
commmitted by the Turkish authorities. I innnnmnn DATk TDMCAIT
In summarizing the memorandum de- flKKfiSlfcl) rUK 1 KhASON
Clares that wholesale massacres were per- MIUMXMJU L VAl lill^ttJVil
petrated by regulars and bashi-bazouks in
the town of Saloniki and the villages of
Baldevo, Banitza, Echourilovo, Karbinza,
Mogila, Smerdesoh and Bnidje, while the
scenes of carnage, pillage and Incendi
arism were everywhere terrible At
Smerdesch, over 200 Bulgarians were shot,
killed with sworde or burned to death
Over 260 houses and the church and
schools were set on Are with petroleum
and pillaged, the property being sold by
the soldiers and the bashi-bazouks in
neighboring places Similar scenes oc
curred at the villages of Gorna-Rlbnitza,
Igoumenetz, Dobrilaki and Nikodonthe
villagers there abandoned their homes
and fled to the mountains.
Fugitives Number 9,000.
Over 8,000 men, women and children
fled from Seros and even more from Klrk
kllese It Is difficult, says the memo
randum, to obtain the exact number of
Bulgarians who were imprisoned mostly
on the flimsiest of pretexts, as when they
were released others were immediately
arrested The estimates obtained give for
the vilayet of Saloniki, 900 parishioners,
for Uskub, BOO for Monastir, 850, and for
Adrilanople, 650, for Monastir, 860, and for
As information is lacking from many dis
tricts in these vilayets it Is thought that
without exaggeration the number of pris
oners may be placed at even three times
this total
NO IMMEDIATE DANGER
International Complications Considered
Unlikely In the Balkans.
London, Aug. 17According to infor
mation in possession oft diplomats in Lon
don there is no reason at this moment
to fear the danger of differances between
the powers in respect to Macedonia or
that the trouble will spread beyond the
confines of Turkey. One of these who is
participating in the exchange of notes re
garding the situation, said to a represen
tative of the Associated Press to-day.
The powers are- acting harmoniously
Nothing has developed to indicate any
suspicionunderlyin or cause for suspicionbyof the
Ca
P
girls were drowned.
M
views has occurred between the powers
interested Mr Balfour's statement In
the house of commons outlining Great
Britain's attitude and the warnings of
Austria and Russia to Bulgaria proved
that these three nations are in accord and
the advices received at the embassy show
that France and Germany approve the
policy of Russia and Austria "
War between Turkey and Bulgaria
might lead to a general conflagration It
is to prevent complications of such a
grave character that every effort is be
ing made by the powers to maintain peace
between those countries
Up to this time Bulgaria has been hold
ing herself in hand and I hope this will
continue, altho the state of public feeling
could conceivably if not soon calmed,
cause one or the other to precipitate hos
tilities
"I have no information regarding tho
exact destination of the Russian squadron
which has been ordered to Turkish wat
ers but within forty-eight hours it will
reach whatever point has been selected.
There is no doubt that the sole object of
the dispatch of the squadron Is to make
Turkev understand that Russia is in
earnest and that her demands must be
complied with without delay.
' I have confirmatory advices as to the
general character of the revolution Tur
key has a free hand so far as the military
operations within her own territory are
concerned, but the suppression of the re
volt is not a matter of a week and the
longer it drags on the greater the fear of
international complications, which all the
powers are laboring to prevent."
m
u*ifjs*&L
Sofia, Bulgaria, Aug. 17Foreign dip
lomats here are anxiously watching the
effect of the memorandum which the Bul
garian government has presented to the
powers on the subject of the condition of
affairs in Macedonia They fear it may
excite popular opinion in Bulgaria and
point out that such emphatic, outspoken
criticism is usually iesei\ed for mani
festoes Issued on the eve of war, altho it
is regarded as being quite improbable that
the memorandum was a prelude in the
present case to anything more serious
than increased tension Most of the dip
lomatic representatives at Sofia visited the
foreign office here to-day and received
assurances from the foreign minister that
Bulgaria had not the slightest desire to
antagonize Turkey or any other power,
but merely wished to show unmistakably
where the responsibility for the Mace
donian revolution belonged.
German Authorities Imprison Polish
Children for Studying Their
-$
_
Diplomats Are Anxious.
Muzzle the Press.
St Petersburg, Aug 17Newspaper
editors here and at Moscow have received
emphatic instructions to moderate the
warlike tone of their comments on Turk
ish misrule The governors of provinces
have been ordered to hinder the publica
tion of inflammatory articles on this sub
ject The condition laid down in a dis
patch from Count Lamsdorff the foreign
minister, to M Zinovieff, the Russian
ambassador at Constantinople, that for
eign offecers for the gendarmerie must
be immediately appointed in Macedonia,
has had a tranquilizing effect.
Fleet on Its Way.
St Petersburg, Aug 17The squadron
of the Russian Black Sea fleet, under
orders to sail for Turkish waters consists
of the Battleships Catherine n . Tria
Sviatltelia, Rostlslav and Dvenadzt Apos
toloff four torpedo boat destroyers and
six mine and torpedo transports The
squadron arrived at Sebastopol yesterday,
preparatory to sailing last night for tha
Turkish coast
Roumanla Prepares.
Bucharest, Rumania, Aug. 17Acting
War Minister Bratiano has ordered the
government powder factory and small
arms ammunition depot to prepare largo
quantities of ammunition immediately.
1 Country's History,
New York Sun Special Service.
Berlin, Aug 17.The authorities hare ar
rested fifty Polish girls at Onesen,, Bast
Prussia, on the charge of conspiring against
the state It appears that the girls, whose
ages range from 14 to 20 years, were with
three exceptions, pupils at the nigh school.
The three exceptions, who are the oldest of
the prisoners, were teachers in the school.
All of them were In the habit of reading
Polieh books and studying Polish history,
and in their discussions expressed hopes for
the re-establishment of the ancient kingdom
of Poland The public prosecutor announce
that he will proceed against the girls for
treason
TRIED TO MOB PREACHER ?
Police Compelled to Interfere to Pro
tect an Evangelist.
New York, Aug. 17.Because he made a ref
erence which the crowd considered uncompli
mentary to two women who were listening to
him, the Rev. Maxwell J Johnstone, an
evangelist, who holds open air meetings at
Twenty-third street and Fifth avenue, was
interrupted by several men who started to*
mob the preacher, and who only desisted
when a half dosen policemen interferred.
DRANK CARBOLIC ACID.
New Haven, Conn, Aug. 15.After arraying
herself in evening dross for a dinner party Mrs.
Arthur B Bradley drank carbolic add and died \
In the presence of her parents and family. Sh*v *!
was the handsome daughter of Loren H. Stan
nard, a wealthy manufacturer of this city, and:, *
lived st his summer place, Wooduxmt, on tho *
sound.
Scranton. PaJudge Gray of Wilmington,! j$
Del, appointed Carrol D. Wright, formerlyl*^
United States commissioner of labor, arbi-^g.
trator of the miners' conciliation board.tjag
Wrigh t wil probably with the board atlfeg
_ _ _ _
{motive s g the demands Bus - J pottsviUW4Ml e next Fridaymeet .
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