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-'* . ' ' " 'V-'iATUHBAY THE JOURNAL ft* LUCIAN SWIFT. ' MANAGER. , " \ J. S. McLAIN, EDITOR. STTBBOBIPTION BATES STS KAIL. O u month TtarM month* J fcsturdar Eve. edition. 80 to M pagM Delivered by Carrier. One week .2 ""tl On* month - 8* *?* All papers are continued until an explicit order k received for dUcontlnuanOe. and until all ar rearage* are paid. THB JOURNAL la published every nllJ| except Sunday, at 4T-40 Fourth Street South, Journal Building, Mlnneapolia, IfInn. (New York Office,. afar. General Advg. J Tribune Building. M. EKE STAKKH. I Chicago Office, ' Tribune Building. W. W. JBRMANB. Repreaentatlie. fe' * m I Washington Office. j 48 Poat Bujldtng. AN INVITATION to extended to all to visit the Press Room, which is the finest In the west The battery of presses consists of three Jour-dec* GOBS Presses, with a total capacity of M4.UU0 eight-page Journals an hour, printed, folded and counted. The best time to call Is from i to 4:80 p. m. Inquire at the business office and be directed to the visitors' gallery, of the Press itoom. The Balkan Crisis. The European powers, member* of that Interesting body, the "concert of Europe," have made up their minds that It is about time to take some decisive action to pro tect their legations at Constaninople, at least, since an uprising menaces the sul tan's capital. It in announced by our minister at Con stantinople ,that "some of the powers" have landed about 200 marines there for protective purposes and. If necessary, our government, with the consent of the Porte, will send there a marine guard for the same purpose. Under the London convention of 1871, the powers abolished the clause of tKe treaty of Paris oi 1S56, which neutralized the Black Sea, and Imposed very severe conditions upon Russia, and allowed Turkey to open the Dardanelle and the Bosporus to the ships of friendly and al lied powers "whenever their presence ap peared to be necessary for the mainten ance of the treaty." It was under this arrangement that Lord Beasonsfleld in 1878, when the Russians had approached within sight of the dome of St. Sophia In .Constantinople, ordered the English fleet to the foot of the Dardanelles and, with .that threat, broke up Russia's San Stefano itreaty with Turkey. The powers have been allowed by the sultan to send marines up the Dardanelles because he sees that, In protecting their legations, the marines will incidentally afford additional protection to his own person "from his own conspiring subjects. Under the stipulations of the treaty of Paris no armed Intervention in Turklsk affairs can take place without previous agreement between the parties to the treaty, which are Great Britain, Sardinia, (now Italy), Turkey, Russia and France. Russia has practically torn up the treaty, for she has violated nearly every clause of it. Our government, not being a party to It, yet has its rights as to the protection of its interests, while respecting generally the authority of the sultan as warden of the Dardanelles and Bosporus. This wardship, however, would be disre garded and rightly so, if there occurred a massacre of American citizens or the mur - der of Minister Leishman or any consular officer, disregarded by the sultan. Our gOtveiTntnent has exercised its protective rights in sending a squadron to Beirut to fleeure indemnity for the assault upon our vice consul there, and it will see that the promises of the sultan to investigate the matter and give satisfaction, just re ported by the Turkish minister in Wash ington, are carried out to the letter. Sec retary Hay is not the man to be bam boozled by vaporous Turkish promises, generally evaded. The Turkish question is getting upper most in European discussion and a Lon don cable states that "what Is to be done In Macedonia?" is the question under anxious consideration. The powers, parties to the Berlin treaty, know very well what ought to be done In Mace donia. In 1878 they all signed their names to the treaty of Berlin, which Imposed upon them the duty of giving Macedonia ihome rule under a Christian governor, ,who would bo under the protection of the powers. They have in the most cowardly way shirked this positive duty and obli gation. They are shirking it now, altho It Is an Imperative duty, as much so as It was in 1878. It Is their duty now to compel the sultan to carry out the man date. Trouble is ahead for the powers because they have permitted southeastern Europe to remain under the accursed house of Othman, which is an old body, crazed thru manifold vices, which linger when youth and strength are decayed. Turkey has had her trial as an European power and has proved herself an unmitigated bourse to the subject peoples brought un der her desolating crescent symbol. r f The Norwegian-American editors are in favor of stimulating interest in Norwegian literature. This is something like the Dutch taking Holland. 1 A Conservative Wheat Position. p. The Commercial West is beginning to tak a conservative position with regard 'to macaroni wheat. In to-day's issue it fcgoes so far as to admit that the discus Won The Journal started has been Cof considerable value, and it gives space Sto a long and very conservative article Jffby Professor W. M. Hays of the state ex periment station, in which macaroni Pwheat is far from being ruled out of [consideration as wheat. In view of the [apprehension the Commercial- West has [felt as to the general Introduction of -, * J", macaroni wheat, the following paragraph - * from Professor Hays' paper is very, in teresting: * '.' I am not ready to conclude that maca- '^ronl wheats will seriously injure our posi \ntlon In the bread wheat markets. I think r | it very ill advised, indeed, for the friends '"gof patent flour Interests to suggest such * S a possibility to our competitors. I do not \ look for the sequence of present affairs .!$ to warrant any panicky feeling. **- f Another interesting paragraph, as sug- " gesting the limitations of macaroni wheat, is the following: ' Dean J. H. Shepperd, of the North Da- \ kota agricultural college, says the best * macaroni varieties are not properly called I goose wheats but are more like the bread wheats. But measured by Minneapolis red fife patent standards, all admit that macaroni wheats are somewhat down in the scale. The gluten is even more abun dant than in fife and blue stem, but it is not so tough. The constituent com pounds of the gluten, the gliadln and glu tnin, are presumably, not In the right B~ 1 *"*T IVm^ proportions, making a weak dough. The sheets of dough forming between the In terstices, or holes, in the loaf, will stretch sufficiently to make a light loaf with crumb corresponding to the standards we have, taught our trade to demand. Professor Hays thlnkV that the matter of most Immediate importance with re gard to macaroni wheat is to get the best possible price for, our surplus by sending Jt to Marseilles, the leading macaroni market In Europe. While Professor Hays concedes that numerous experiments'show that macaroni wheat flour can be baked so that "It will make at least fairly good bread," he adds that housewives must learn how to bake it, however, and "In the bakeries it is an untried and doubtful business venture." In paRBing it may be remarked that Regan Bros., the well known Minneapolis bakers, purpose to make practical tests of macaroni wheat flour as a baker's flour. Professor Hays says that the blending of macaroni with hard wheats is a most important prob lem, but may be full of dangerous possi bilities. Macaroni bread may become the poor man's bread if the wheat continue to bring considerably less in the market than other wheat. It is interesting to notice that Professor Hays does not think the northwest will ever raise less wheat than it does now about 200,000,000 bushels. Of this total, part, In his opinion, will be macaroni and part spring wheat, but the great bulk will continue to be spring wheat. Doubtless he is right in this conclusion unless the adaptability of macaroni wheat to the semi-arid country should lead to an un expected increase in the total wheat yield, which is among the possibilities, If a profitable market for an Increasing amount of macaroni wheat can be found. fO.T00 O l - The street railway company is entitled to appreciation of the care it has taken to avoid accidents during the rush of the past week. The uso of flagmen at important street Intersections and at reg ular intervals to keep the cars from the danger of rear end collisions were especially commendable and effective. What Will the President Do? The point is now made that since* the Colombians have rejected the Panama canal treaty it is obligatory upon Presi dent Roosevelt to proceed to get authority from Nicaragua and Costa Rica to con struct a canal by the Nlcaraguan route. Whether the point is well taken or not depends upon the degree of discretion the canal act gives to the president. The law says that if the president can not obtain the required permission from Colombia as to the canal route "within a reasonable time and on reasonable terms" he shall proceed to get authority from Nicaragua - and Costa Rica for the con struction of a canal thru their territories. It is possible yet to get a treaty with Colombia on reasonable terms, but it is contended that the reasonable time limit Is already past. The treaty provided that ratifications must be exchanged by Sept. 22, and that date, it is argued, is the limit of a reasonable time.. Indeed, even if the Colombians should now ratify the treaty, It would not be possible to exchange ratifications by Sept. 22. President Roosevelt is a man of decision and definite action. No one need be sur prised if on Sept. 23 he should begin nego tiations with Nicaragua and Costa Rica, thus abandoning the Panama route. Un questionably he has the right to do so, and if his interpretation of reasonable time and terms is such as to convince him that hes-will not have authority to nego tiate longer with '.Colombia, it is equally,, linquestionable that he will pro ceed tflt* negotiate with' the other countries, for the-preside'nt"Is not the man to falter when the path of.tluty appears clear. An Iowa editor ,had an auction sale of delinquent subscribers' account*. The amounts averaged along about $2.50 or $3. The sale,afforded a real opportunity to test the credit,,of some who had failed to pay the editor. One account-was knocked down for two matches. This is a hew way to provide for scratching off an old score. : Domestic Service. Prizes were awarded at the state fair yesterday to women who had been long est In continuous domestic service in any one family. The first prize was awarded to a woman who had occupied this im portant position in a St. Paul family for over twenty years. The second prize was given to a woman who has been in a St. Anthony family nearly seventeen years. Prizes were also awarded for excellence in cookery. Prizes for continuous service suggest that In some families at least the girl question is not the most Important, the most frequently agitated and tKe most troublesome. Other housemaids were awarded prizes for terms of service run lng from seven to sixteen years. While length of service may not be an absolute guaranty of excellence on the part of the servant, and while reformers of domestic conditions do well to provide special rewards for excellence in the grade of Work done, there is, perhaps, after, all, no better test than this long tenure of office, so to speak, with its clear implica tion of excellent performance, not oniy on the part of the maid, but of the mis tress as well. Indeed, it is difficult to determine on which side credit predomin ates whether * prizes should be given to the maid for continuous service or to the mistress who has undoubtedly proved her self considerate, helpful and kind to her domestic helper, and not only apprecia tive of good service, but so thoroly equipped herself for the duties of house keeper as to know what is reasonable re quirement. Undoubtedly much of the distress and disquiet which prevails in many American homes tq-day is due, not alone to the scarcity of Intelligent, capable and relia ble domestic servants, but to the scarcely less prevalent scarcity of knowledge, ca pacity and understanding of the duties of housekeeping on the part of the house keepers. The suggestion that prizes be awarded to those housewives whose domestic help ers display the most proficiency or give evidence of the longest term of service would probably not be received with any degree of favor and yet It must be ad mitted that the obstacles in the way of successful housekeeping to-day lie not solely, if chiefly, on the side of incapable, ignorant servants. For those who have that priceless jewel, a housemaid who is a stayer, the publica tion of a list of the young v'omen who have won prizes and honorable mention iw!J".$iit*&ff for long service is rather dangerous. The Information may lead to efforts to Induce them to begin new records elsewhere. Sugar Bounties Suppressed, Under Article 10 of the Brussels sugar bounties congress convention, adopted March 5, 1902, the agreement went Into effect last Tuesday, its important feature being the suppression of all direct and In direct bounties on beet sugar' produced or exported. To this agreement Austria Hungary, Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden adhere, while Russia has. kept out preferring to continue the encouragement of indirect bounties by in ternal' legislation. This agreement is binding for Ave years and was entered upon to minimize beet sugar production, which, under the bounty systems, especial ly of Germany and France, had been stimulated excessively, resulting in the cutting down of the price of beet sugar, which naturally Injured the market for cane sugar, Impairing that Industry great ly In the British West Indies, notably Jamaica, and In Cuba, where the sugar planters have been seriously affected dur ing the last few years and naturally thought that our congress, under the changed conditions since the war with Spain, would give Cuban sugar thru re duced sugar duties, a better chance in our market. The Brussels agrement, If faithfully carried out, ought to help the sugar mar ket, including cane and beet sugar, every where. Russia will be obliged to aban don her Indirect sugar bounty system, for, since Sept. 1 the European markets have been closed to her and, for a year past, our government has Imposed a coun tervailing duty on the Russian sugar amounting to a sum equal to the bounty paid by Russia on the ground that she pays an indirect bounty on beet sugar exported, of which our treasury depart ment has obtained ample evidence altho Russia denied the charge. The bounty system has proven a burden too grievous to be borne. In Germany, the people had to pay a much higher price for their sugar than foreigners, to whom the sugar syndicates lowered the price to get rid of the "big surplus. In this connection it may be remarked that the beet sugar industry in this coun try- which has been so ardently adver tised as a safeguard against the Ameri can Sugar Refining company's monopo listic tendencies, is aparently in danger of being absorbed by the latter,gobbled up, so to speak, a fact which will doubtless have a material effect upon the long de layed discharge of our moral obligations to Cuba. Sir Thomas Is undecided whether to try for the cup again. It may be ungracious to say It, but really It would be too bad to stop such a fine lot of advertising as that tea has received. The Friends and Opponents of So cialism. In dlsoussing the resolutions as to trusts offered tQ the American Bar. association by its committee on commercial law, the New York Post says that as.Jong as our trusts wax unchecked there Is powerful ammunition at hand for those who desire the nationalization of all industry and those who are championing various sorts of aggression against property. And yet the Post had no kind words for Governor "Van Sant when he began the work that President Roosevelt afterwards took up. The Post is now even willing to agree with, the Bar association's com mittee that a United States Securities company might easily have followed the Northern Securities company. It has often been remarked that the so cialists view with pleasure the march of consolidation, because they think it illus trates the strength of their contention in favor of universal co-operation and be cause they think that the consolidation, under the capitalistic system, of so much power and wealth In a few hands will hasten the advent of nationalization. They argue with much reason that when the time comes it will be, much easier to na tionalize industries controlled by a few men than industries in which thousands and millions of men have a stake. The great fortunes of to-day are due entirely to the boundless opportunities of individualism. The real interest of men who have accumulated property is to strengthen and uphold the present sys tem of individualism. But those of them who have entered into the great consoli dations of the times do not understand this simple truth, and they rail and rage at President Roosevelt for having done them a positive service in checking the rush towards socialism. Socialism has a bad sound to most Americans, but as an ultimate choice some form of it may be a more desirable evil than domination by trusts. If it is our destiny to be con trolled by trusts, the only way we can retain a measure of freedom is to be a part of the trusts, and that means na tionalization of industry. And we shall be controlled by trusts unless we proceed to control them in good time. s Mayor Haynes' Position. When you come to think about it, it is rather queer that Mayor Haynes should want a big mass meeting to back him up before he closes the disreputable resorts on Main street. Put In other words, the mayor wants a mass meeting of large size to adopt reso lutions in favor of having him enforce the law before he will enforce it. Applying this rule to other offenders and other offenses, the mayor would hesitate to have the police arrest a murderer or a thief without first getting the sanction of public opinion thru a mass meeting. Mass meetings are sometimes necessary in order to persuade public officials to do their duty, but Mayor Haynes ought not to need such persuasion. W e have stated the situation baldly as it is, according to law but custom and the whole attitude of the municipality to ward houses of ill-fame must be taken into consideration. It seems to be tacitly understood that they shall be permitted to exist somewhere. To drive such estab lishments out of Main street is merely to locate them somewhere else. Still, the mayor, in view of the efforts making to clean up this portion of the city, should not hesitate a moment to do his part simply because no large mass meeting demands It. Surely he will not be so bold as to Infer from the smallness of last night's meeting that public opinion 1 - , WWW1 on the East Side is in favor of letting the houses alone. * **',"" f A Central Reading Boom. The library board doesn't know what to do for new auarters for the Academy of Science, the latter*s present rooms in the central library building being required for library purposes. It has been suggested that the rotunda of, the city hall and courthouse, which thte .commission in charge of the latter building is preparing for a library reading-room, be partly used for the exhibition of the academy's col lection. The idea is a good one, for the courthouse is not an ideal place, for a large central library station and reading room. Its location is not.suitable. A central station is required, if required at all for the convenience of library patrons According to the Albert Lea Tribune, Attorney General Douglas may. be renom inated.. The Tribune is in error, tho, in saying that itwWiOuld^W'a third term nomination, ]Vtr. Douglas is now serv ing his thjrd term, having been first elected in 1898./ He is. not, thinking of a renominatiori, butr may "become a candi date for the , Supreme beftch, unless the state convention should pick him up "un- beknownst" and nominate him for gov ernor. .V Julius Schmahl says in his Redwood Gazette that either Eddy or Young will have to get on a side track, as the sec ond district cannot get two such plums. He suggests that they might compromise. Compromise on Julius? Charles B. Cheney. REMARKABLE FORQETFULNESS The late Major James B. Pond told many good stories of the famous lecturers whom he managed, but was especially fond of indulging In reminiscenes of Henry Ward Beecher, for whom he had a great admir ation. One of his favorite Beecher anec dotes was this one: "One day while I was making a long railway journey with Mr. Mr. Beecher he happened to put his hand into the little watch pocket of his trous ers. He drew from it a sealed envelope, gave the envelope a puzzled look, and then tore it open. A little while later he passed it to me, saying: 'Major, see what is in side. Some weeks ago I officiated at the marriage of a great railway manager, and after the ceremony he handed me that envelope. I hurriedly slipped it into my pocket and then forgot all about it. Just now I happened to run my fingers into the pocket and discovered it.' I opened the envelope, and there lay five one thou sand-dollar bills!" - THE SUFFERING ARCHDEACON ' 'W?K-#^^ : likely to be brought near to It by their daily duties. A station at the courhouse may be a convenience, to some patrons, but It will not serve nearly so many as a station within a block of the rapid transit center of the city, If not actually in that center. For most of the people who have found a library branch or station at Washington and Hennepin avenues so convenient, the main library itself will be about as acces sible and about as convenient as a room in the city hall and courthouse. Bishop Joyce said yesterday, at the Northwest Indiana Methodist conference, that he wished some Methodist theological seminary would establish a chair of com mon sense. It may be paradoxical to say it, but common sense is a rare article, and no doubt the bishop has had frequent occasion to deplore the lack of It among young clergymen just out of the schools, with their heads full of what is in the books, but equipped as yet with compara tively little of that knowledge of human nature which fits, more than any other kind of'learning, for the responsible du ties of a teacher of religion. In a sense, all men are religious, but not every man can touch the religious feelings of other men and wake them, when dormant, into activity. It takes rare "common" sense to do that, and nothing imparts such sense like experience. MINNESOTA POLITICS The Waterville Advance makes a sug gestion that has occurred to some Henne pin county people, in the following: "W. H. Eustjs is mentioned as a pos sible candidate for congress from the Min neapolis district. If he should clean out Lind it would be retribution of the right sort. If Dunn and Governor Van Sant "get into a war of extermination William Henry might scamper off with the bone." The Taylors Falls Journal"says rather naively: -- - "E. T. Young of Appleton had the St. Paul Dispatch editor arrested for libel, for saying that Young was a 'merger' candidate for attorney general, and a country justice fined the editor $50. This should end Young's poltical career, for It should be considered a credit, rather than disgrace, to be on a ticket headed by Bob Dunn." ''"" ON LORD ABERDEEN A characteristic remark of Mr. Choate was made about Lord Aberdeen at a din ner In New York, where the. then gov ernor general of Canada was the principal guest, appearing in kilts, in honor of his Scottish entertainers. Aberdeen had made a neat speech, and the applause had bare ly subsided when Choate was introduced 'and proceeded to say some complimentary things of the last speaker and to declare that if he had known that he was to be permitted to sit next to his distinguished Scotch friend, the governor general of Canada, "this Gordon of the Gordons," he, too, wotild have come without his trousers* It was audacious, but the kilted guest was soonest to catch Its humor and led the laughter It produced. SWEDISH FEAR OF RUSSIA George Brandes has joined Bjornson in his efforts to bring about a better under standing between Norway and Sweden. The reasons urged: for this are that Rus sia's depriving Finland of her constitu tional rights is only the first step in the march of the empire west to the Atlantic, and that only a united Norway and Sweden will be able to resist the march of the bear. NOT TO SWEAR AT v , *- . ' Anoka. Free Press. ^ y As a newspaper rthe, Minneapolis Jour nal is the paper :sto swear by. What it publishes as news is generally both newsy and dependable, 'something that cannot be said of all of theni. , ^ .Columbian Lyceum Bureau* fiHi^' ''* *'' ' ''' '''" ' * SEPTEMBER 5, 1903. .*'' " Books and Authors ONE OF THE DELUSIONS The eloquent English : orator. Lord Brougham, was one of those ambitious but deluded men who think they can write novels. He tried his hand at such work and wrote one novel, entitled "Albert Lunel, or the Chateau of Lonquedoc." He was, however, prudent enough to have it published anonymously. It met with such a cold reception that Brougham sup pressed it within a year and showed his common sense. The novel was hardly a novel, for it embodied a lot of Brough am's individual opinions on various sub jects, put in the mouths of a number of characters who were allowed to talk too much. It is said that nobody was ever found who had read the book thru. Brougham, while strong in court as a pleader, never possessed the power to pre sent a character in a book in such a way as to enlist the sympathetic interest of readers. Lord Beaconsfield was more suc cessful in that direction. frenzied with rage over the application of his own teaching, and an awful tragedy occurs, which is done up in Dixon's most realistic style. The portrayal of the re sults of Gordon's new gospel is a notable feature of the bqok. Having erected his temple in which to exploit the new gos pel, which was borrowed from Comte, Fourier, Robert Owen and other self-con stituted Messiahs with new gospels, Gor don found he was only gathering a lot of cranks, conceited and stupid and am bitious for fame and leadership, and di viding into factions. Dixon is intensely realistic in his descriptions.. of the beau tiful Kate Ransom. Not a few clergy men who write books wr,ite intensely on female beauty, Charles ' Kingsley's fine description of Pelagla on the deck of the galley is an instance. Dixon even enters with zeal into analyses of the sexual im pulse, which is entirely unnecessary. His story of the extreme devotion of Gordon's wife, who clung to him when he cast her and the children out like dogs, and in stalled his paramour in her place, Is a true picture of most women whose love is irrefragible. The devotion of Ruth Gordon was bestowed upon as infamous a scoundrel as ever breathed. Dixon, in his character of Frank Gordon, refers unmistakably to an Iowa college profes sor who made a sensation a few years ago by renouncing his faith, casting out his faithful wife and taking unto himself unlawfully a rich woman. THE M. S. IN A SED BOX. New York: John Lane, The Bodley Head. The title of this story originated In the fact that the manuscript was received at the London office of John Lane, without any note or advice from the author, who was unknown. Lane advertised for the author but he did not turn up and the manuscript was published with the pe culiar title Indicating how it came to Lane's office. It is a story of the sev enteenth century, located in the island of Axholme, where the people engaged in a contest for their rights as again au English royal grant to a Dutchman, Cornelius Vermuijden, to improve certain lands and acquire them, without the consent of the insular land owners. New York Times. A number of reporters had occasion the other day to see Bishop Potter regarding some of the details of a funeral ceremony at which he had officiated. "Oh, see the archdeacon about such matters," was the bishop's response to their queries. "You may worry him all you like." Then the bishop seated himself and told this story: "I was riding a big bay horse up near Cooperstown the other day, when I met an acquaintance. He seemed to admire greatly the animal I rode, and finally asked: " 'What do you call your horse, bishop?' "I told him I called him Archdeacon. Then he asked me why and I replied: " 'Because he is always on the go and I ride him I ride him hard.' " THE MAGAZINES Donahue's Magazine (Boston) has a fine special feature in a biography of Robert Emmet, appropriate to the one hundredth anniversary of his execution, Sept. 20, 1803. The paper, which is profusely Illus trated, is by Katharine Tynan Hlnkson, and includes a facsimile reproduction of the Hibernian Journal of Sept. 21, 1803. Another interesting feature is an illus trated paper on the river poets of Ire land. Masters In Art for September is de voted to the work of Guido Reni, and in cludes such notable examples of his work as the Archangel Michael, the Beatrice Cenci, the Assumption of the Virgin, the Aurora. There is an interesting biogra phy of this great painter of the school of Boloqua and descriptions of his works, and comments on his art, by leading art critics. The Architectural Record (New York) contains the details of the building of a Parisian house, with illustrations photos of the interior of the residence of L. C. Phipps at Pittsburg, and an interesting illustrated paper on the Spanish-Mexican missions of the United States. The Atlantic contains some excellent literary criticism and The Contributors' Club is delightfully appetizing. Dr. Ly man Abbott's paper, "Why Women Do Not Wish the Suffrage" is finely helio centric, and Sir Leslie Stephens' first in stalment of "Some Early Impressions" generates anxiety to get at the second, for It is delightfully gossipy. There are stories of a fine quality and John T. Trowbridge's poem, "Evening at Naples," imparts the sensation of a breathing of Italian atmosphere. Current Literature for September, (New York, 24 West Twenty-sixth street), con tains a valuable illustrated paper by George C. Hausmann on the grape, raisin and wine production of the United States, with an excellent condensed record of contemporary world event? and discus sion of international questions and no tably an illustrated paper on the Man churlan question, an illustrated paper on "Sleeping Places and Their History," and other interesting matter. LITERARY NOTES It is to be hoped that the success of "A Parish of Two" will not start scores of other writers producing 'epistolary novels. It is very seldom the case that novels jaf this construction are successful. Few people know how to write them. - :: Seumas MacManus, the popular Irish author, will give a course of lectures dur ing the coming season in the large cities of this country, under the auspices of the J'W* A'*',i. * - : Defective Page Mr. Langley, the aeronaut, must have stepped on the sticky fly paper. Buenos Aires has come to the front with 900,000 inhabitants. It seems that there are others besides us, after all. The straw hat has seen better days. J. Pierpont Morgan may not get that vase, but his offer of $400,000 for it en titles it to be called a vawz by anybody who has over $10,000 In the bank. NEW BOOKS THE ONE WOMAN. A BTOBY OF MODERN UTOPIA. By Thomas Dixon, Jr., Author of "The Leopard's Spots." Illustrated. New York: Doubleday, I'age & Co., 34 Union Square. Minneapolis: N. McCarthy. Price $1.00. Rev. Thomas Dixon showed how vehe mently he could write as a nurser of sec tional hatred, In his "The Leopard's Spots," which, not only gratified his vin dictiveness, but filled his pockets with money. In "The One Woman," it is not certain whether he wrote as a teacher of morality or for the love of sensational ism, based on a realistic treatment of some socialistic tendencies. The most rabid realist of the French school, who deals with the baser human passions, has hardly gone further than Dixon has in his portrayal of Rev. Frank Gordon's lapse from religious faith and biblical morality, thru his human conceit as an eloquent preacher, adulation of men and women, which led him to think, like other men similarly placed, that he was cut out for a new redemptive movement for human ity, and the fascinating power of a beau tiful woman, who appealed to his lower nature, kept previously in restraint and loyalty to his faithful wife by what has been proven to be'the strongest regener ating and restraining force known to man the religion of Jesus Christ. Gordon drifted into socialistic views and dropped his religion. Like David, he saw a Bath sheba, and the fatal power of woman's beauty enmeshed him and he cast from him his devoted little wife and his chil dren proclaimed himself the apostle of a new "religion of humanity," and was "married by a socialist priest to Kate Ransom, his beautiful charmer. Dixon's dramatic power is brought out finely in his description of the abandonment of his wife j y Gordon. It is quite thrilling. The woman he had taken on the free love principle was rich and gave Gordon a cool million with which to build a mag nificent temple wherein to exploit his 'redemption of humanity" program, as a greater than Jesus Christ. Ultimately the beautiful woman he had taken to be the "high priestess" of the movement, acting on the doctrine of free love Gor don had taught, selects one of Gordon's the 7th . Sign s of approachinthe g change and friends as her paramour, and Gordon is storms will appear about the 3d, weather will "This is a case where two heads are not better than one," said the drum as the drummer beat it. Sanguine guessers rate Rockefeller now adays as pretty nearly a billionaire. It would be impossible to say what is the total wealth of the United States, but the assessed valuation of the several states for 1902 amounted to about $35,000,000,000. So that the nation seems to be a few lap3 ahead of John still. Cod liver oil is as expensive as cham pagne but is not so heady. When this column was looking the other way yesterday, some party or parties un known ran an alleged picture of it in at "top of column pure reading matter," as the advertising man says. If we looked like that we'd have our face ironed over. About eighteen months ago when Brother Irl Hicks made up the weather for September, 1903, he found that the "moon was in apogee" on the 3d of the month. Of ^jourse everything went galley west when the moon got into apogee, a place in which no self-respecting moon ever trusts itself, and the weather got squ-gee in spite of the government. We quote Bro. Hicks' first prediction: The first storm period for September is cen tral on the 4th, extending from the 2d to the 7th. Tills period embraces moon in apogee on the 3d, full on the Gth and on equator on grow warmer in the west, the barometer will begin falling in the same region, and cloudiness and rain will follow, growing in volume as they pass eastward, and reaching a culminating crisis from the 5th to the 7th. Autumnal thunder storms and squalls will be natural in many sec tions on the 6th and 7th. Look for decided change to cooler in the west as these storms pass eastward, the cool, clearing weather fol lowing the storms to the extreme east. The change to fair and cooler will be retarded until after the moon passes north of the equator on the 7th. Otherwise it would culminate about the full moon on the 7th. It appears to us after a careful reading of the above that Bro. Hicks has fallen down. W e may be wrong. At any rate, he puts himself on record squarely for trouble around the- 11th and we will chronicle the prophecy here and await results: Weather changes will come in rapid succes sion at this time, but we believe that the dom inant state of the weather will be warm above the average. The 7th, 10th and 11th are re actionary storm lays on and about which marked storm conditions will arise. The opposition of the great planet, Jupiter, falls on the 11th, which is known by all who have long followed our :' THE NONPAREIL MAN Casually Observed. Mae MacLane's new book tells how to run a universe without the friction which seems to obtain in the present macro cosm. , THE PRAmiE FLOWER A PRAIRIE FLOWER. Alone in the breeze-swept vastness, A dainty blossom swung Like a point of flame in the grasses, Or a banner by fairies hung. And there In the solemn stillness, Burned the flame of Its petals red, "With the void of the prairies 'round It, And the infinite blue overhead. I know not why it should bloom there, Where never an eye would see, And never a heart be gladdened By the breath of its purity,- And yet, the Power that fashioned And moulded its petals fair, Must have felt a joy in the beauty Alone In the vastness there. Charles G. Taylor. Bismarck, N. D., Sept. 1, 1903. WHAT OTHER PEOPLE THINK The Hidden Rock. To the Editor of The Journal. In an old but venerated book occurs this passage: "From whence come wars and fighting among you? Come they not hence, even of your lusts that war In your members?" This is the hidden rock upon which social reform movements are wrecked. Lust is eagerness to possess. It is the desire to possess without consid ering the adverse effect such possession may have on our neighbor. The funda mental law which makes society co hesive, Is love but love is the desire to make others happy, and the never fail ing source of real happiness is found in the endeavor to carry out this purpose. This truth finds abundant illustration and confirmation in every well-ordered family. "But," says the objector, "while I grant that this line of thought is correct in the abstract, its practical application in busi ness affairs is out of the question. This deplorable fact is the hidden rock upon which good resolutions are broken to ( Strikes originate in discontent with joresent conditions. Sometimes, but not *"'v - - "' " - '"^^^^/^tll -' 1 theory to be a central day of a regular annual maximum of magnetic and electrical excitation. All things considered, atmospheric and seismic perturbations of wide and violent character would be quite natural anywhere within a week or ten days of the 11th. Th4s Is one of the periods in which equinoctial hurricanes from the Eat Indies need not be a surprise to the dwell ers along our south coasts. ' With Jupiter in oppbsition on a "cen tral day of a regular annual maximum of magnetic and electrical excitation" the old boy certainly ought to be to pay. We fear the worst. Our Trip to Europe.Liverpool, June 17.-Dear Ones All.You will be glad to know that we are at last well started on our European trip. We were so carsick on the train for New York that we did not one of us look out of the window at Niagara when we crossed the gorge, neither did we care to look out at the beautiful palisades of the Hudson. These are all described to death in the guide books you know and as Lucille said, "They're nothing but the United States anyway so why should we bother when it's Europe and the Holy Land we want to see." On the same principle we did not care to see New York. We drove directly to the hotel and went to bed with three as sorted headaches. In the morning, Lucille said: "O, I say, girls, let's stay in the hotel and lie around quietly until the steamer starts." Of course we agreed enthusiastically to this and had a nice, comfortable day talk ing about our clothes and reading "Stony Lonesome," a dull book without an en livening touch of humor in it. At 5 o'clock we took a carriage and boarded the steamer. As we were tired with the day's sightseeing we went to our staterooms and stayed there until the , boat left the dock. As we started to leave the room towards 7 o'clock, we found we were all seasick and, would you be lieve it, we never saw the ocean at all. Wo were sick the whole seven days! It was a disappointment to Mary H. as she was anxious to see New York and the ocean too, but it has been described so many times that really It seemed quite unnecessary and we were all glad to avoid it as It is said to be quite trying on the eyes. It has been foggy ever since we have been in Liverpool and we have not left the hotel to which we came in a closed carriage. We start for Canterbury and some of the cathedral towns to-night. Just as we were closing up the letter Mary H. said: "Why girls, we haven't seen one thing since we left home." "Well," said Margaret, "why should we? They've all been described to death again and again. For my part I intend to take it easy on this trip and not kill myself sightseeing." We agreed with her that this was cer tainly the proper thing to do. Most loving remembrances to you all from the three world-trotters. Lucille, Margaret and Mary H. It seems very difficult to tell whether Mrs. Carrie Nation Is to appear in "Ten Nights in a Barroom," or whether this is a cruel newspaper story set in circula tion by some alleged joker with small sense of humor and still smr.ller sense of the proprieties. Personally we do not believe that Mrs. Nation will appear upon the stage. It is not like her. Mrs. Lang- "trjh'^ias just returned from Europe with aijplay in which, there is a partial disrobing scene that is causing some division of sentiment among the critics but which is generally condemned on the ground that it is introduced merely for the purpose of making a sensation. It is not legitimate drama at all. If Mrs. Nation does appear behind the footlights, of one.thing, we may be certain. She will not condescend to any such stage tricks as this to tickle the eyes of the groundlings. W e may "be certain of a strong, high class drama with a sturdy object lesson that he who runs may read. Mrs. Nation's and Mrs. Lang try's methods of acting are as wide apart as the poles. Ml j.,. A. J. R. always, they are motived by righteous claims, and by resistance to tyranny. l a this case if the striking party is able to hold well in hand the indiscreet and tur bulent element within its own ranks, it will be sure to win, because it will en joy the favor of a fair-minded public for, let it 1be observed, outsiders are al ways fair-minded so long as personal in terest does not deflect their judgement. When, however, on the other hand, a strike originates in an overweening self consciousness of power and greed of gain, it will foster in the ranks of.tha strikers men who are more shrewd than honest, and de\'elop them Into grafters and blackmailers. The result is defeat and injury to the cause of labor and labor unions, together with untold sorrow and suffering to those who are dependent on honest artd honorable labor for their subsistence. The greatest enemies of every good causa always arise in its own ranks. The members of labor unions should be ever vigilant in resisting the advocacy of sel fish and untenable schemes on the part of men whose motives are not transpar ently pure, if they would' conserve th* best Interests of their organization. Louis Richter, Sunday Games. To the Editor of The Journal. We like The Journal as a family paper. We admire the stand you generally take on all important issues. Here is a question that has set me a thinking for now nearly two years. This baseball playing on Sundays is growing: from bad to worse. Is this Christian America? Do we want a sort of a con tinual holiday here? Do we want to open up the sluices and little by little have all sort of games, cock fights, bull fights, etc., as they enjoy. (?) them in Spain, etc? We dread anarchy and sporadically de nounce actions of lawlessness. But how can we expect worldly and sinful men to live up to human laws when we as Chris tians trample under foot God's divine law, "Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy.'' May God help us and give us' the wisdom and the manliness and the courage, espe cially those in authority, to stand up for the sanctity of the home, the law, the Sab bath stand up for truth and right. "Right eousness exalteth a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people." Think of France and its history a. little over a thousand years ago. Think of the causes of its revolution and the dreadful results. Shall "this home of the brave and the land of the free" perish from the earth by lawless ness and sin? Leon S. Koch. What Is a Billion? *^ To the Editor of The Journal. What is commonly understood by fli billion in the United States? Webster's International Dictionary says: According to the French and American: method of numeration, a thousand millions or 1.000,000,000 according to the English! method, a million millions, or 1,000,000,- 000,000. A SUCCESSFUL WOMAN MINISTER Rev. Mary Safford, of Des Moines, Iowa, is one of the most successful preach ers of the gospel in the .ntry. She was born in the west, altho she is of New Eng land ancestry. She entered Iowa uni versity at the age of 18 and later or ganized a Unitarian church in Hamilton, this state. She was pastor in Boston a year and a half and then regularly or-* dained to the Untarian ministry, afte which she was pastor of the church life Sioux City. In addition to her work as pastor in Des Moines Miss Safford Is state secretary of the Iowa Unitarian as sociation, which, means that she is in some sense a bishop of the church in Iowa. She travels a great deal, organizing and stimulating churchei \ - _ .