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The Balkan Crisis.
The European powers, member* of that
Interesting body, the "concert of Europe,"
have made up their minds that It is about
time to take some decisive action to pro
tect their legations at Constaninople, at
least, since an uprising menaces the sul
It in announced by our minister at Con
stantinople ,that "some of the powers"
have landed about 200 marines there for
protective purposes and. If necessary, our
government, with the consent of the
Porte, will send there a marine guard for
the same purpose.
Under the London convention of 1871,
the powers abolished the clause of tKe
treaty of Paris oi 1S56, which neutralized
the Black Sea, and Imposed very severe
conditions upon Russia, and allowed
Turkey to open the Dardanelle and the
Bosporus to the ships of friendly and al
lied powers "whenever their presence ap
peared to be necessary for the mainten
ance of the treaty." It was under this
arrangement that Lord Beasonsfleld in
1878, when the Russians had approached
within sight of the dome of St. Sophia In
.Constantinople, ordered the English fleet
to the foot of the Dardanelles and, with
.that threat, broke up Russia's San Stefano
itreaty with Turkey.
The powers have been allowed by the
sultan to send marines up the Dardanelles
because he sees that, In protecting their
legations, the marines will incidentally
afford additional protection to his own
person "from his own conspiring subjects.
Under the stipulations of the treaty of
Paris no armed Intervention in Turklsk
affairs can take place without previous
agreement between the parties to the
treaty, which are Great Britain, Sardinia,
(now Italy), Turkey, Russia and France.
Russia has practically torn up the
treaty, for she has violated nearly every
clause of it. Our government, not being
a party to It, yet has its rights as to the
protection of its interests, while respecting
generally the authority of the sultan as
warden of the Dardanelles and Bosporus.
This wardship, however, would be disre
garded and rightly so, if there occurred a
massacre of American citizens or the mur -
der of Minister Leishman or any consular
officer, disregarded by the sultan. Our
gOtveiTntnent has exercised its protective
rights in sending a squadron to Beirut to
fleeure indemnity for the assault upon our
vice consul there, and it will see that
the promises of the sultan to investigate
the matter and give satisfaction, just re
ported by the Turkish minister in Wash
ington, are carried out to the letter. Sec
retary Hay is not the man to be bam
boozled by vaporous Turkish promises,
The Turkish question is getting upper
most in European discussion and a Lon
don cable states that "what Is to be done
In Macedonia?" is the question under
anxious consideration. The powers,
parties to the Berlin treaty, know very
well what ought to be done In Mace
donia. In 1878 they all signed their names
to the treaty of Berlin, which Imposed
upon them the duty of giving Macedonia
ihome rule under a Christian governor,
,who would bo under the protection of the
powers. They have in the most cowardly
way shirked this positive duty and obli
gation. They are shirking it now, altho
It Is an Imperative duty, as much so as
It was in 1878. It Is their duty now to
compel the sultan to carry out the man
Trouble is ahead for the powers because
they have permitted southeastern Europe
to remain under the accursed house of
Othman, which is an old body, crazed
thru manifold vices, which linger when
youth and strength are decayed. Turkey
has had her trial as an European power
and has proved herself an unmitigated
bourse to the subject peoples brought un
der her desolating crescent symbol.
f The Norwegian-American editors are in
favor of stimulating interest in Norwegian
literature. This is something like the
Dutch taking Holland.
1 A Conservative Wheat Position.
p. The Commercial West is beginning to
tak a conservative position with regard
'to macaroni wheat. In to-day's issue it
fcgoes so far as to admit that the discus
Won The Journal started has been
Cof considerable value, and it gives space
Sto a long and very conservative article
Jffby Professor W. M. Hays of the state ex
periment station, in which macaroni
Pwheat is far from being ruled out of
[consideration as wheat. In view of the
[apprehension the Commercial- West has
[felt as to the general Introduction of
-, * J", macaroni wheat, the following paragraph
- * from Professor Hays' paper is very, in
'.' I am not ready to conclude that maca-
'^ronl wheats will seriously injure our posi
\ntlon In the bread wheat markets. I think
r | it very ill advised, indeed, for the friends
'"gof patent flour Interests to suggest such
* S a possibility to our competitors. I do not
\ look for the sequence of present affairs
.!$ to warrant any panicky feeling.
**- f Another interesting paragraph, as sug-
" gesting the limitations of macaroni wheat,
is the following:
' Dean J. H. Shepperd, of the North Da-
\ kota agricultural college, says the best
* macaroni varieties are not properly called
I goose wheats but are more like the bread
wheats. But measured by Minneapolis
red fife patent standards, all admit that
macaroni wheats are somewhat down in
the scale. The gluten is even more abun
dant than in fife and blue stem, but it
is not so tough. The constituent com
pounds of the gluten, the gliadln and glu
tnin, are presumably, not In the right
proportions, making a weak dough. The
sheets of dough forming between the In
terstices, or holes, in the loaf, will stretch
sufficiently to make a light loaf with
crumb corresponding to the standards we
have, taught our trade to demand.
Professor Hays thlnkV that the matter
of most Immediate importance with re
gard to macaroni wheat is to get the best
possible price for, our surplus by sending
Jt to Marseilles, the leading macaroni
market In Europe. While Professor Hays
concedes that numerous experiments'show
that macaroni wheat flour can be baked
so that "It will make at least fairly good
bread," he adds that housewives must
learn how to bake it, however, and "In the
bakeries it is an untried and doubtful
business venture." In paRBing it may be
remarked that Regan Bros., the well
known Minneapolis bakers, purpose to
make practical tests of macaroni wheat
flour as a baker's flour. Professor Hays
says that the blending of macaroni with
hard wheats is a most important prob
lem, but may be full of dangerous possi
bilities. Macaroni bread may become the
poor man's bread if the wheat continue
to bring considerably less in the market
than other wheat.
It is interesting to notice that Professor
Hays does not think the northwest will
ever raise less wheat than it does now
about 200,000,000 bushels. Of this total,
part, In his opinion, will be macaroni and
part spring wheat, but the great bulk will
continue to be spring wheat. Doubtless he
is right in this conclusion unless the
adaptability of macaroni wheat to the
semi-arid country should lead to an un
expected increase in the total wheat yield,
which is among the possibilities, If a
profitable market for an Increasing
amount of macaroni wheat can be found.
The street railway company is entitled
to appreciation of the care it has taken
to avoid accidents during the rush of
the past week. The uso of flagmen at
important street Intersections and at reg
ular intervals to keep the cars from
the danger of rear end collisions were
especially commendable and effective.
What Will the President Do?
The point is now made that since* the
Colombians have rejected the Panama
canal treaty it is obligatory upon Presi
dent Roosevelt to proceed to get authority
from Nicaragua and Costa Rica to con
struct a canal by the Nlcaraguan route.
Whether the point is well taken or not
depends upon the degree of discretion the
canal act gives to the president.
The law says that if the president can
not obtain the required permission from
Colombia as to the canal route "within a
reasonable time and on reasonable terms"
he shall proceed to get authority from
Nicaragua - and Costa Rica for the con
struction of a canal thru their territories.
It is possible yet to get a treaty with
Colombia on reasonable terms, but it is
contended that the reasonable time limit
Is already past. The treaty provided that
ratifications must be exchanged by Sept.
22, and that date, it is argued, is the limit
of a reasonable time.. Indeed, even if the
Colombians should now ratify the treaty,
It would not be possible to exchange
ratifications by Sept. 22.
President Roosevelt is a man of decision
and definite action. No one need be sur
prised if on Sept. 23 he should begin nego
tiations with Nicaragua and Costa Rica,
thus abandoning the Panama route. Un
questionably he has the right to do so,
and if his interpretation of reasonable
time and terms is such as to convince him
that hes-will not have authority to nego
tiate longer with '.Colombia, it is
equally,, linquestionable that he will pro
ceed tflt* negotiate with' the other countries,
for the-preside'nt"Is not the man to falter
when the path of.tluty appears clear.
An Iowa editor ,had an auction sale of
delinquent subscribers' account*. The
amounts averaged along about $2.50 or $3.
The sale,afforded a real opportunity to
test the credit,,of some who had failed to
pay the editor. One account-was knocked
down for two matches. This is a hew way
to provide for scratching off an old score.
: Domestic Service.
Prizes were awarded at the state fair
yesterday to women who had been long
est In continuous domestic service in any
one family. The first prize was awarded
to a woman who had occupied this im
portant position in a St. Paul family for
over twenty years. The second prize was
given to a woman who has been in a St.
Anthony family nearly seventeen years.
Prizes were also awarded for excellence
in cookery. Prizes for continuous service
suggest that In some families at least the
girl question is not the most Important,
the most frequently agitated and tKe most
troublesome. Other housemaids were
awarded prizes for terms of service run
lng from seven to sixteen years.
While length of service may not be an
absolute guaranty of excellence on the
part of the servant, and while reformers
of domestic conditions do well to provide
special rewards for excellence in the grade
of Work done, there is, perhaps, after, all,
no better test than this long tenure of
office, so to speak, with its clear implica
tion of excellent performance, not oniy
on the part of the maid, but of the mis
tress as well. Indeed, it is difficult to
determine on which side credit predomin
ates whether * prizes should be given to
the maid for continuous service or to the
mistress who has undoubtedly proved her
self considerate, helpful and kind to her
domestic helper, and not only apprecia
tive of good service, but so thoroly
equipped herself for the duties of house
keeper as to know what is reasonable re
Undoubtedly much of the distress and
disquiet which prevails in many American
homes tq-day is due, not alone to the
scarcity of Intelligent, capable and relia
ble domestic servants, but to the scarcely
less prevalent scarcity of knowledge, ca
pacity and understanding of the duties of
housekeeping on the part of the house
The suggestion that prizes be awarded
to those housewives whose domestic help
ers display the most proficiency or give
evidence of the longest term of service
would probably not be received with any
degree of favor and yet It must be ad
mitted that the obstacles in the way of
successful housekeeping to-day lie not
solely, if chiefly, on the side of incapable,
For those who have that priceless jewel,
a housemaid who is a stayer, the publica
tion of a list of the young v'omen who
have won prizes and honorable mention
for long service is rather dangerous. The
Information may lead to efforts to Induce
them to begin new records elsewhere.
Sugar Bounties Suppressed,
Under Article 10 of the Brussels sugar
bounties congress convention, adopted
March 5, 1902, the agreement went Into
effect last Tuesday, its important feature
being the suppression of all direct and In
direct bounties on beet sugar' produced or
exported. To this agreement Austria
Hungary, Belgium, France, Germany,
Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands,
Spain and Sweden adhere, while Russia
has. kept out preferring to continue the
encouragement of indirect bounties by in
ternal' legislation. This agreement is
binding for Ave years and was entered
upon to minimize beet sugar production,
which, under the bounty systems, especial
ly of Germany and France, had been
stimulated excessively, resulting in the
cutting down of the price of beet sugar,
which naturally Injured the market for
cane sugar, Impairing that Industry great
ly In the British West Indies, notably
Jamaica, and In Cuba, where the sugar
planters have been seriously affected dur
ing the last few years and naturally
thought that our congress, under the
changed conditions since the war with
Spain, would give Cuban sugar thru re
duced sugar duties, a better chance in our
The Brussels agrement, If faithfully
carried out, ought to help the sugar mar
ket, including cane and beet sugar, every
where. Russia will be obliged to aban
don her Indirect sugar bounty system,
for, since Sept. 1 the European markets
have been closed to her and, for a year
past, our government has Imposed a coun
tervailing duty on the Russian sugar
amounting to a sum equal to the bounty
paid by Russia on the ground that she
pays an indirect bounty on beet sugar
exported, of which our treasury depart
ment has obtained ample evidence altho
Russia denied the charge.
The bounty system has proven a burden
too grievous to be borne. In Germany, the
people had to pay a much higher price for
their sugar than foreigners, to whom the
sugar syndicates lowered the price to
get rid of the "big surplus.
In this connection it may be remarked
that the beet sugar industry in this coun
try- which has been so ardently adver
tised as a safeguard against the Ameri
can Sugar Refining company's monopo
listic tendencies, is aparently in danger of
being absorbed by the latter,gobbled up,
so to speak, a fact which will doubtless
have a material effect upon the long de
layed discharge of our moral obligations
Sir Thomas Is undecided whether to try
for the cup again. It may be ungracious
to say It, but really It would be too bad
to stop such a fine lot of advertising as
that tea has received.
The Friends and Opponents of So
In dlsoussing the resolutions as to trusts
offered tQ the American Bar. association
by its committee on commercial law, the
New York Post says that as.Jong as our
trusts wax unchecked there Is powerful
ammunition at hand for those who desire
the nationalization of all industry and
those who are championing various sorts
of aggression against property.
And yet the Post had no kind words
for Governor "Van Sant when he began the
work that President Roosevelt afterwards
took up. The Post is now even willing
to agree with, the Bar association's com
mittee that a United States Securities
company might easily have followed the
Northern Securities company.
It has often been remarked that the so
cialists view with pleasure the march of
consolidation, because they think it illus
trates the strength of their contention in
favor of universal co-operation and be
cause they think that the consolidation,
under the capitalistic system, of so much
power and wealth In a few hands will
hasten the advent of nationalization. They
argue with much reason that when the
time comes it will be, much easier to na
tionalize industries controlled by a few
men than industries in which thousands
and millions of men have a stake.
The great fortunes of to-day are due
entirely to the boundless opportunities of
individualism. The real interest of men
who have accumulated property is to
strengthen and uphold the present sys
tem of individualism. But those of them
who have entered into the great consoli
dations of the times do not understand
this simple truth, and they rail and rage
at President Roosevelt for having done
them a positive service in checking the
rush towards socialism. Socialism has a
bad sound to most Americans, but as an
ultimate choice some form of it may be
a more desirable evil than domination by
trusts. If it is our destiny to be con
trolled by trusts, the only way we can
retain a measure of freedom is to be a
part of the trusts, and that means na
tionalization of industry. And we shall
be controlled by trusts unless we proceed
to control them in good time.
Mayor Haynes' Position.
When you come to think about it, it is
rather queer that Mayor Haynes should
want a big mass meeting to back him up
before he closes the disreputable resorts
on Main street.
Put In other words, the mayor wants a
mass meeting of large size to adopt reso
lutions in favor of having him enforce the
law before he will enforce it.
Applying this rule to other offenders and
other offenses, the mayor would hesitate
to have the police arrest a murderer or a
thief without first getting the sanction of
public opinion thru a mass meeting.
Mass meetings are sometimes necessary
in order to persuade public officials to do
their duty, but Mayor Haynes ought not
to need such persuasion.
W e have stated the situation baldly as
it is, according to law but custom and
the whole attitude of the municipality to
ward houses of ill-fame must be taken
into consideration. It seems to be tacitly
understood that they shall be permitted
to exist somewhere. To drive such estab
lishments out of Main street is merely to
locate them somewhere else.
Still, the mayor, in view of the efforts
making to clean up this portion of the
city, should not hesitate a moment to do
his part simply because no large mass
meeting demands It. Surely he will not
be so bold as to Infer from the smallness
of last night's meeting that public opinion
- , WWW1
on the East Side is in favor of letting
the houses alone. * **',""
f A Central Reading Boom.
The library board doesn't know what
to do for new auarters for the Academy of
Science, the latter*s present rooms in the
central library building being required for
library purposes. It has been suggested
that the rotunda of, the city hall and
courthouse, which thte .commission in
charge of the latter building is preparing
for a library reading-room, be partly used
for the exhibition of the academy's col
lection. The idea is a good one, for the
courthouse is not an ideal place, for a
large central library station and reading
room. Its location is not.suitable.
A central station is required, if required
at all for the convenience of
According to the Albert Lea Tribune,
Attorney General Douglas may. be renom
inated.. The Tribune is in error, tho, in
saying that itwWiOuld^W'a third term
nomination, ]Vtr. Douglas is now serv
ing his thjrd term, having been first
elected in 1898./ He is. not, thinking of a
renominatiori, butr may "become a candi
date for the , Supreme beftch, unless the
state convention should pick him up "un-
beknownst" and nominate him for gov
Julius Schmahl says in his Redwood
Gazette that either Eddy or Young will
have to get on a side track, as the sec
ond district cannot get two such plums.
He suggests that they might compromise.
Compromise on Julius?
Charles B. Cheney.
The late Major James B. Pond told many
good stories of the famous lecturers whom
he managed, but was especially fond of
indulging In reminiscenes of Henry Ward
Beecher, for whom he had a great admir
ation. One of his favorite Beecher anec
dotes was this one: "One day while I was
making a long railway journey with Mr.
Mr. Beecher he happened to put his hand
into the little watch pocket of his trous
ers. He drew from it a sealed envelope,
gave the envelope a puzzled look, and then
tore it open. A little while later he passed
it to me, saying: 'Major, see what is in
side. Some weeks ago I officiated at
the marriage of a great railway manager,
and after the ceremony he handed me that
envelope. I hurriedly slipped it into my
pocket and then forgot all about it. Just
now I happened to run my fingers into the
pocket and discovered it.' I opened the
envelope, and there lay five one thou
sand-dollar bills!" -
THE SUFFERING ARCHDEACON
: likely to be brought
near to It by their daily duties.
A station at the courhouse may be
a convenience, to some patrons, but It
will not serve nearly so many as a station
within a block of the rapid transit center
of the city, If not actually in that center.
For most of the people who have found a
library branch or station at Washington
and Hennepin avenues so convenient, the
main library itself will be about as acces
sible and about as convenient as a room in
the city hall and courthouse.
Bishop Joyce said yesterday, at the
Northwest Indiana Methodist conference,
that he wished some Methodist theological
seminary would establish a chair of com
mon sense. It may be paradoxical to say
it, but common sense is a rare article, and
no doubt the bishop has had frequent
occasion to deplore the lack of It among
young clergymen just out of the schools,
with their heads full of what is in the
books, but equipped as yet with compara
tively little of that knowledge of human
nature which fits, more than any other
kind of'learning, for the responsible du
ties of a teacher of religion. In a sense,
all men are religious, but not every man
can touch the religious feelings of other
men and wake them, when dormant, into
activity. It takes rare "common" sense
to do that, and nothing imparts such sense
The Waterville Advance makes a sug
gestion that has occurred to some Henne
pin county people, in the following:
"W. H. Eustjs is mentioned as a pos
sible candidate for congress from the Min
neapolis district. If he should clean out
Lind it would be retribution of the right
sort. If Dunn and Governor Van Sant "get
into a war of extermination William
Henry might scamper off with the bone."
The Taylors Falls Journal"says rather
naively: -- -
"E. T. Young of Appleton had the St.
Paul Dispatch editor arrested for libel,
for saying that Young was a 'merger'
candidate for attorney general, and a
country justice fined the editor $50. This
should end Young's poltical career, for It
should be considered a credit, rather than
disgrace, to be on a ticket headed by Bob
ON LORD ABERDEEN
A characteristic remark of Mr. Choate
was made about Lord Aberdeen at a din
ner In New York, where the. then gov
ernor general of Canada was the principal
guest, appearing in kilts, in honor of his
Scottish entertainers. Aberdeen had made
a neat speech, and the applause had bare
ly subsided when Choate was introduced
'and proceeded to say some complimentary
things of the last speaker and to declare
that if he had known that he was to be
permitted to sit next to his distinguished
Scotch friend, the governor general of
Canada, "this Gordon of the Gordons,"
he, too, wotild have come without his
trousers* It was audacious, but the kilted
guest was soonest to catch Its humor and
led the laughter It produced.
SWEDISH FEAR OF RUSSIA
George Brandes has joined Bjornson in
his efforts to bring about a better under
standing between Norway and Sweden.
The reasons urged: for this are that Rus
sia's depriving Finland of her constitu
tional rights is only the first step in the
march of the empire west to the Atlantic,
and that only a united Norway and
Sweden will be able to resist the march
of the bear.
NOT TO SWEAR AT v
, *- . ' Anoka. Free Press. ^ y
As a newspaper rthe, Minneapolis Jour
nal is the paper :sto swear by. What it
publishes as news is generally both newsy
and dependable, 'something that cannot
be said of all of theni. , ^ .Columbian Lyceum Bureau*
''* *'' ' ''' '''" ' * SEPTEMBER 5, 1903. .*'' "
Books and Authors
ONE OF THE DELUSIONS
The eloquent English
: orator. Lord
Brougham, was one of those ambitious
but deluded men who think they can write
novels. He tried his hand at such work
and wrote one novel, entitled "Albert
Lunel, or the Chateau of Lonquedoc." He
was, however, prudent enough to have it
published anonymously. It met with such
a cold reception that Brougham sup
pressed it within a year and showed his
common sense. The novel was hardly a
novel, for it embodied a lot of Brough
am's individual opinions on various sub
jects, put in the mouths of a number of
characters who were allowed to talk too
much. It is said that nobody was ever
found who had read the book thru.
Brougham, while strong in court as a
pleader, never possessed the power to pre
sent a character in a book in such a way
as to enlist the sympathetic interest of
readers. Lord Beaconsfield was more suc
cessful in that direction.
frenzied with rage over the application
of his own teaching, and an awful tragedy
occurs, which is done up in Dixon's most
realistic style. The portrayal of the re
sults of Gordon's new gospel is a notable
feature of the bqok. Having erected his
temple in which to exploit the new gos
pel, which was borrowed from Comte,
Fourier, Robert Owen and other self-con
stituted Messiahs with new gospels, Gor
don found he was only gathering a lot
of cranks, conceited and stupid and am
bitious for fame and leadership, and di
viding into factions. Dixon is intensely
realistic in his descriptions.. of the beau
tiful Kate Ransom. Not a few clergy
men who write books wr,ite intensely on
female beauty, Charles ' Kingsley's fine
description of Pelagla on the deck of the
galley is an instance. Dixon even enters
with zeal into analyses of the sexual im
pulse, which is entirely unnecessary. His
story of the extreme devotion of Gordon's
wife, who clung to him when he cast her
and the children out like dogs, and in
stalled his paramour in her place, Is a
true picture of most women whose love
is irrefragible. The devotion of Ruth
Gordon was bestowed upon as infamous
a scoundrel as ever breathed. Dixon, in
his character of Frank Gordon, refers
unmistakably to an Iowa college profes
sor who made a sensation a few years
ago by renouncing his faith, casting out
his faithful wife and taking unto himself
unlawfully a rich woman.
THE M. S. IN A SED BOX. New York: John
Lane, The Bodley Head.
The title of this story originated In the
fact that the manuscript was received at
the London office of John Lane, without
any note or advice from the author, who
was unknown. Lane advertised for the
author but he did not turn up and the
manuscript was published with the pe
culiar title Indicating how it came to
Lane's office. It is a story of the sev
enteenth century, located in the island of
Axholme, where the people engaged in a
contest for their rights as again au English
royal grant to a Dutchman, Cornelius
Vermuijden, to improve certain lands and
acquire them, without the consent of the
insular land owners.
New York Times.
A number of reporters had occasion the
other day to see Bishop Potter regarding
some of the details of a funeral ceremony
at which he had officiated.
"Oh, see the archdeacon about such
matters," was the bishop's response to
their queries. "You may worry him all
Then the bishop seated himself and told
"I was riding a big bay horse up near
Cooperstown the other day, when I met an
acquaintance. He seemed to admire
greatly the animal I rode, and finally
" 'What do you call your horse, bishop?'
"I told him I called him Archdeacon.
Then he asked me why and I replied:
" 'Because he is always on the go and I
ride him I ride him hard.' "
Donahue's Magazine (Boston) has a fine
special feature in a biography of Robert
Emmet, appropriate to the one hundredth
anniversary of his execution, Sept. 20,
1803. The paper, which is profusely Illus
trated, is by Katharine Tynan Hlnkson,
and includes a facsimile reproduction of
the Hibernian Journal of Sept. 21, 1803.
Another interesting feature is an illus
trated paper on the river poets of Ire
Masters In Art for September is de
voted to the work of Guido Reni, and in
cludes such notable examples of his work
as the Archangel Michael, the Beatrice
Cenci, the Assumption of the Virgin, the
Aurora. There is an interesting biogra
phy of this great painter of the school of
Boloqua and descriptions of his works,
and comments on his art, by leading art
The Architectural Record (New York)
contains the details of the building of a
Parisian house, with illustrations photos
of the interior of the residence of L. C.
Phipps at Pittsburg, and an interesting
illustrated paper on the Spanish-Mexican
missions of the United States.
The Atlantic contains some excellent
literary criticism and The Contributors'
Club is delightfully appetizing. Dr. Ly
man Abbott's paper, "Why Women Do
Not Wish the Suffrage" is finely helio
centric, and Sir Leslie Stephens' first in
stalment of "Some Early Impressions"
generates anxiety to get at the second,
for It is delightfully gossipy. There are
stories of a fine quality and John T.
Trowbridge's poem, "Evening at Naples,"
imparts the sensation of a breathing of
Current Literature for September, (New
York, 24 West Twenty-sixth street), con
tains a valuable illustrated paper by
George C. Hausmann on the grape, raisin
and wine production of the United States,
with an excellent condensed record of
contemporary world event? and discus
sion of international questions and no
tably an illustrated paper on the Man
churlan question, an illustrated paper on
"Sleeping Places and Their History," and
other interesting matter.
It is to be hoped that the success of "A
Parish of Two" will not start scores of
other writers producing 'epistolary novels.
It is very seldom the case that novels jaf
this construction are successful. Few
people know how to write them. - ::
Seumas MacManus, the popular Irish
author, will give a course of lectures dur
ing the coming season in the large cities
of this country, under the auspices of the
J'W* A'*',i. * - :
Mr. Langley, the aeronaut, must have
stepped on the sticky fly paper.
Buenos Aires has come to the front
with 900,000 inhabitants. It seems that
there are others besides us, after all.
The straw hat has seen better days.
J. Pierpont Morgan may not get that
vase, but his offer of $400,000 for it en
titles it to be called a vawz by anybody
who has over $10,000 In the bank.
THE ONE WOMAN. A BTOBY OF MODERN
UTOPIA. By Thomas Dixon, Jr., Author of
"The Leopard's Spots." Illustrated. New
York: Doubleday, I'age & Co., 34 Union
Square. Minneapolis: N. McCarthy. Price
$1.00. Rev. Thomas Dixon showed how vehe
mently he could write as a nurser of sec
tional hatred, In his "The Leopard's
Spots," which, not only gratified his vin
dictiveness, but filled his pockets with
money. In "The One Woman," it is not
certain whether he wrote as a teacher of
morality or for the love of sensational
ism, based on a realistic treatment of
some socialistic tendencies. The most
rabid realist of the French school, who
deals with the baser human passions, has
hardly gone further than Dixon has in his
portrayal of Rev. Frank Gordon's lapse
from religious faith and biblical morality,
thru his human conceit as an eloquent
preacher, adulation of men and women,
which led him to think, like other men
similarly placed, that he was cut out for
a new redemptive movement for human
ity, and the fascinating power of a beau
tiful woman, who appealed to his lower
nature, kept previously in restraint and
loyalty to his faithful wife by what has
been proven to be'the strongest regener
ating and restraining force known to man
the religion of Jesus Christ. Gordon
drifted into socialistic views and dropped
his religion. Like David, he saw a Bath
sheba, and the fatal power of woman's
beauty enmeshed him and he cast from
him his devoted little wife and his chil
dren proclaimed himself the apostle of a
new "religion of humanity," and was
"married by a socialist priest to Kate
Ransom, his beautiful charmer. Dixon's
dramatic power is brought out finely in
his description of the abandonment of
his wife j y Gordon. It is quite thrilling.
The woman he had taken on the free love
principle was rich and gave Gordon a
cool million with which to build a mag
nificent temple wherein to exploit his
'redemption of humanity" program, as a
greater than Jesus Christ. Ultimately
the beautiful woman he had taken to
be the "high priestess" of the movement,
acting on the doctrine of free love Gor
don had taught, selects one of Gordon's the 7th . Sign s of approachinthe g change and
friends as her paramour, and Gordon is storms will appear about the 3d, weather will
"This is a case where two heads are not
better than one," said the drum as the
drummer beat it.
Sanguine guessers rate Rockefeller now
adays as pretty nearly a billionaire. It
would be impossible to say what is the
total wealth of the United States, but the
assessed valuation of the several states
for 1902 amounted to about $35,000,000,000.
So that the nation seems to be a few lap3
ahead of John still.
Cod liver oil is as expensive as cham
pagne but is not so heady.
When this column was looking the other
way yesterday, some party or parties un
known ran an alleged picture of it in at
"top of column pure reading matter,"
as the advertising man says. If we looked
like that we'd have our face ironed over.
About eighteen months ago when
Brother Irl Hicks made up the weather for
September, 1903, he found that the "moon
was in apogee" on the 3d of the month.
Of ^jourse everything went galley west
when the moon got into apogee, a place in
which no self-respecting moon ever trusts
itself, and the weather got squ-gee in
spite of the government. We quote Bro.
Hicks' first prediction:
The first storm period for September is cen
tral on the 4th, extending from the 2d to the
7th. Tills period embraces moon in apogee on
the 3d, full on the Gth and on equator on
grow warmer in the west, the barometer will
begin falling in the same region, and cloudiness
and rain will follow, growing in volume as they
pass eastward, and reaching a culminating crisis
from the 5th to the 7th. Autumnal thunder
storms and squalls will be natural in many sec
tions on the 6th and 7th. Look for decided
change to cooler in the west as these storms
pass eastward, the cool, clearing weather fol
lowing the storms to the extreme east. The
change to fair and cooler will be retarded until
after the moon passes north of the equator on
the 7th. Otherwise it would culminate about
the full moon on the 7th.
It appears to us after a careful reading
of the above that Bro. Hicks has fallen
down. W e may be wrong.
At any rate, he puts himself on record
squarely for trouble around the- 11th and
we will chronicle the prophecy here and
Weather changes will come in rapid succes
sion at this time, but we believe that the dom
inant state of the weather will be warm above
the average. The 7th, 10th and 11th are re
actionary storm lays on and about which marked
storm conditions will arise. The opposition of
the great planet, Jupiter, falls on the 11th, which
is known by all who have long followed our
THE NONPAREIL MAN
Mae MacLane's new book tells how to
run a universe without the friction which
seems to obtain in the present macro
, THE PRAmiE FLOWER
A PRAIRIE FLOWER.
Alone in the breeze-swept vastness,
A dainty blossom swung
Like a point of flame in the grasses,
Or a banner by fairies hung.
And there In the solemn stillness,
Burned the flame of Its petals red,
"With the void of the prairies 'round It,
And the infinite blue overhead.
I know not why it should bloom there,
Where never an eye would see,
And never a heart be gladdened
By the breath of its purity,-
And yet, the Power that fashioned
And moulded its petals fair,
Must have felt a joy in the beauty
Alone In the vastness there.
Charles G. Taylor.
Bismarck, N. D., Sept. 1, 1903.
WHAT OTHER PEOPLE THINK
The Hidden Rock.
To the Editor of The Journal.
In an old but venerated book occurs
this passage: "From whence come wars
and fighting among you? Come they not
hence, even of your lusts that war In
your members?" This is the hidden rock
upon which social reform movements are
wrecked. Lust is eagerness to possess.
It is the desire to possess without consid
ering the adverse effect such possession
may have on our neighbor. The funda
mental law which makes society co
hesive, Is love but love is the desire to
make others happy, and the never fail
ing source of real happiness is found in
the endeavor to carry out this purpose.
This truth finds abundant illustration and
confirmation in every well-ordered family.
"But," says the objector, "while I grant
that this line of thought is correct in the
abstract, its practical application in busi
ness affairs is out of the question. This
deplorable fact is the hidden rock upon
which good resolutions are broken to
Strikes originate in discontent with
joresent conditions. Sometimes, but not
*"'v - -
"' " - '"^^^^/^tll -' 1
theory to be a central day of a regular annual
maximum of magnetic and electrical excitation.
All things considered, atmospheric and seismic
perturbations of wide and violent character
would be quite natural anywhere within a week
or ten days of the 11th. Th4s Is one of the
periods in which equinoctial hurricanes from the
Eat Indies need not be a surprise to the dwell
ers along our south coasts. '
With Jupiter in oppbsition on a "cen
tral day of a regular annual maximum
of magnetic and electrical excitation"
the old boy certainly ought to be to pay.
We fear the worst.
Our Trip to Europe.Liverpool, June
17.-Dear Ones All.You will be glad to
know that we are at last well started on
our European trip. We were so carsick
on the train for New York that we did not
one of us look out of the window at
Niagara when we crossed the gorge,
neither did we care to look out at the
beautiful palisades of the Hudson. These
are all described to death in the guide
books you know and as Lucille said,
"They're nothing but the United States
anyway so why should we bother when
it's Europe and the Holy Land we want
On the same principle we did not care
to see New York. We drove directly to
the hotel and went to bed with three as
In the morning, Lucille said:
"O, I say, girls, let's stay in the hotel
and lie around quietly until the steamer
Of course we agreed enthusiastically to
this and had a nice, comfortable day talk
ing about our clothes and reading "Stony
Lonesome," a dull book without an en
livening touch of humor in it.
At 5 o'clock we took a carriage and
boarded the steamer. As we were tired
with the day's sightseeing we went to our
staterooms and stayed there until the ,
boat left the dock. As we started to leave
the room towards 7 o'clock, we found
we were all seasick and, would you be
lieve it, we never saw the ocean at all.
Wo were sick the whole seven days! It
was a disappointment to Mary H. as she
was anxious to see New York and the
ocean too, but it has been described so
many times that really It seemed quite
unnecessary and we were all glad to avoid
it as It is said to be quite trying on the
It has been foggy ever since we have
been in Liverpool and we have not left
the hotel to which we came in a closed
carriage. We start for Canterbury and
some of the cathedral towns to-night.
Just as we were closing up the letter
Mary H. said:
"Why girls, we haven't seen one thing
since we left home."
"Well," said Margaret, "why should we?
They've all been described to death again
and again. For my part I intend to take
it easy on this trip and not kill myself
We agreed with her that this was cer
tainly the proper thing to do.
Most loving remembrances to you all
from the three world-trotters.
Lucille, Margaret and Mary H.
It seems very difficult to tell whether
Mrs. Carrie Nation Is to appear in "Ten
Nights in a Barroom," or whether this
is a cruel newspaper story set in circula
tion by some alleged joker with small
sense of humor and still smr.ller sense
of the proprieties. Personally we do not
believe that Mrs. Nation will appear upon
the stage. It is not like her. Mrs. Lang-
"trjh'^ias just returned from Europe with
aijplay in which, there is a partial disrobing
scene that is causing some division of
sentiment among the critics but which
is generally condemned on the ground that
it is introduced merely for the purpose of
making a sensation. It is not legitimate
drama at all. If Mrs. Nation does appear
behind the footlights, of one.thing, we
may be certain. She will not condescend
to any such stage tricks as this to tickle
the eyes of the groundlings. W e may "be
certain of a strong, high class drama with
a sturdy object lesson that he who runs
may read. Mrs. Nation's and Mrs. Lang
try's methods of acting are as wide apart
as the poles.
A. J. R.
always, they are motived by righteous
claims, and by resistance to tyranny. l a
this case if the striking party is able to
hold well in hand the indiscreet and tur
bulent element within its own ranks, it
will be sure to win, because it will en
joy the favor of a fair-minded public
for, let it 1be observed, outsiders are al
ways fair-minded so long as personal in
terest does not deflect their judgement.
When, however, on the other hand, a
strike originates in an overweening self
consciousness of power and greed of
gain, it will foster in the ranks of.tha
strikers men who are more shrewd than
honest, and de\'elop them Into grafters
and blackmailers. The result is defeat
and injury to the cause of labor and labor
unions, together with untold sorrow and
suffering to those who are dependent on
honest artd honorable labor for their
The greatest enemies of every good causa
always arise in its own ranks. The
members of labor unions should be ever
vigilant in resisting the advocacy of sel
fish and untenable schemes on the part
of men whose motives are not transpar
ently pure, if they would' conserve th*
best Interests of their organization.
To the Editor of The Journal.
We like The Journal as a family
paper. We admire the stand you generally
take on all important issues.
Here is a question that has set me a
thinking for now nearly two years. This
baseball playing on Sundays is growing:
from bad to worse. Is this Christian
America? Do we want a sort of a con
tinual holiday here? Do we want to open
up the sluices and little by little have all
sort of games, cock fights, bull fights, etc.,
as they enjoy. (?) them in Spain, etc?
We dread anarchy and sporadically de
nounce actions of lawlessness. But how
can we expect worldly and sinful men to
live up to human laws when we as Chris
tians trample under foot God's divine law,
"Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy.''
May God help us and give us' the wisdom
and the manliness and the courage, espe
cially those in authority, to stand up for
the sanctity of the home, the law, the Sab
bath stand up for truth and right. "Right
eousness exalteth a nation, but sin is a
reproach to any people." Think of France
and its history a. little over a thousand
years ago. Think of the causes of its
revolution and the dreadful results. Shall
"this home of the brave and the land of
the free" perish from the earth by lawless
ness and sin? Leon S. Koch.
What Is a Billion? *^
To the Editor of The Journal.
What is commonly understood by fli
billion in the United States?
Webster's International Dictionary says:
According to the French and American:
method of numeration, a thousand millions
or 1.000,000,000 according to the English!
method, a million millions, or 1,000,000,-
A SUCCESSFUL WOMAN MINISTER
Rev. Mary Safford, of Des Moines,
Iowa, is one of the most successful preach
ers of the gospel in the .ntry. She was
born in the west, altho she is of New Eng
land ancestry. She entered Iowa uni
versity at the age of 18 and later or
ganized a Unitarian church in Hamilton,
this state. She was pastor in Boston a
year and a half and then regularly or-*
dained to the Untarian ministry, afte
which she was pastor of the church life
Sioux City. In addition to her work as
pastor in Des Moines Miss Safford Is
state secretary of the Iowa Unitarian as
sociation, which, means that she is in some
sense a bishop of the church in Iowa.
She travels a great deal, organizing and
stimulating churchei \ - _ .
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