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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, September 07, 1903, Image 7

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'* Maximum Temperature To-day 74
Degrees a Year Ago 82 Degrees.
Back From Q. A. R. Encampment
Judge Ell Torrance, Captain Clark and
Judge Li. W . Collins returned to the
city yesterday morning, having been in
attendance at the G. A. R. encampment
at San Francisco. They all report a most
enjoyable and profitable trip.
A Brigadier Welcomed.Brigadier W .
F. Jenkins of New York, the new provin
cial officer In charge of the Salvation
Army's northwestern headquarters at
Minneapolis, was welcomed yesterday.
The hearty co-operation of the local forces
was promised the leader at yesterday's
Will Soon Be an Idol.Cellmont S.
Barkley of Minneapolis is making rapid
strides towards the enviable position of a
matinee idol, according to the Indianap
olis papers' account of the opening of the
season of the "East Lynne" company,
of which he is leading man. The play has
been given an elaborate revival by J.
Frazer Crosby. Th e Indianapolis com
ment pronounced Mr. Barkely the han d
somest hero seen in the Park theater in
ma ny a day, and one who played his part
gracefully and intelligently.
Welcomed Father Harrington.Rev. J.
J. Harrington, priest of Ascension parish,
was given a pleasant surprise this morn
ing whenhe stepped from a Milwaukee
tra in on l&s return from a summer's va
cation trip in Ireland, with his traveling
companion, John Maher. H e was met at
the depot and welcomed home by a com
mittee from Ascension parish, consisting
of John Egan, P. J. Maher, William
Boardman, J. Barnes, J. C. O'Keefe and
Michael Maher. A reception will be given
Father Harrington this evening in the
nellins: 1
will 1%
of the*:Home
A Baseball Benefit.Arrangements for
sellirii : tickets to the baseball game that
played Thursday for the benefit
of the Good Shepherd, St.
Paul, were made last night by lay repre
sentatives of the local Catholic churches
at the Knights of Columbus hall, 322
Nicollet avenue. Judge W . H. Donahue,
presiding, spoke of the admirable work of
the home in reforming unfortunate
women. After discussion the meeting
agreed that the 15.000 tickets to be dis
posed of could be most readily sold by
personal canvass thru the various par
ishes. Committees were therefore ap
ELLA M. ASHWORTH, wife of C. E.
Ashworth, died at her home, 1519 Fourth
avenue S, Sunday at 6:30 p. m., after an
Illness of four weeks. Th e deceased -was
born at Northfield, Minn., 1868. Minne
apolis had been her home for twenty-two
years. On Sept. 7, 1887, she was married
to C. E. Ashworth. She was greatly loved
by all who knew her for her ma ny lovely
traits of character, and is mourned by
many friends. She is survived by the
husband and one son. Th e funeral will
be held from the family residence, 1519
Fourth avenue S, Tuesday at 2 p. m. In
terment at Lakewood.
MRS. C. E. ASHWORTH, 1519 Fourth
avenue S, died Sunday morning of sep
timecla. She leaves her husband and one
Bon. Funeral Huesday at 2:30 p. m. from
the residence. Brial at Lakewood.
INGRED SWENSON, 701 Elwood ave
nue N, died Sunday, aged 71. Funeral to -
day at. 2p. m. Interment at Lakewood.
CHAR1.ES JACKSON, 2644 Fourteen th
avenue S, died Saturday, aged 19. Funeral
to-day at 2 p. m. Burial at Lakewood.
BENJAMIN GILBERT, aged 42, died at
the City Hospital Saturday. Funeral from
Gleason's undertaking rooms to-day at 2
p. m. Burial at Layman's cemetery.
JOHN DAHL, aged 53, died Monday at
295% Cedar avenue. Funeral from Enger
Bros', undertaking rooms, 408 Cedar ave
nue. Interment at Layman's cemetery.
ANNA CARLSON, 6-year-old daughter
of Edward Carlson, 3226 Twentieth ave
nue S, died to-day. Funeral Wednesd ay
afternoon from the residence. Burial at
Layman's cemetery.
Hundreds Climbed Tower of Court
house Last Week.
dne of the Minneapolis places that in
terested visitors last week was the Min
neapolis city hall and court house. Hun
dreds of people of every race, color and
condition inspected the place where Hen
nepin county prisoners are confined. Yes
terday alone 525 visitors paid their re
spects to Jailor Clausen and several other
days were not far behind. . The court
house tower has been turned into a verit-
. able tower of Babel and the varieties of
expression regarding the wonders to be
aeen therefrom would be of Interest to an
expert linguist. Friday 960 persons were
parried to the fifth floor and climbed the
200 steps up into the high belfry.
- (Determined Young Woman Emphat-
: ically Resents an Insult.
- One masher on Washington avenue last
.Iilght was punished for his audacity in
'peaking to an unnkown woman. H e was
istanding at the corner near Dillin's drug
[tore when Miss Helen Lewis of Red Wing
[passed. H e spoke to her and she stopped
and looked him squarely in the face.
Thinking that he had succeeded in mak
ing a 'mash," he attempted to catch her
toy the arm , when the girl dealt him a
tinging blow between the eyes. The
force of the blow staggered him, and be -
fore he could regain his equilibrium, she
truck him again and knocked him down
Into the gutter. As he tried to regain his
feet a third blow brought him down again.
The masher reported the matter to Pa
trolman William McLeod and got the sat
isfaction of hearing the officer tell him
that It 'served him right."
She Will Continue to Give Art In
struction at "U."
Attention has been called to the article
which appeared in The Journal last
week referring to the abolition of the art
course at the university, in which the
statement was ma de that the entire
oourse had been abolished. Th e state
ment was based upon a resolution passed
by the board of regents "to discontinue
the Instruction of art at the university.'.'
After listening to numerous protests
from both students and alumni, the board
has reconsidered its action and decided
to retain Mdlle. Clopath, dismissing, how-
s'*^ ever, the other two instructors in the free
J v hand drawing and modeling department.
,.$- Mdlle. Clopath will continue to give in
ft'b, structlon in art at the university, altho
ifjfVthe art department has been practically
aft' done away with.
['Ttfydanlla, Sept. 7.-6 p. m.Lieutenant Sntton,
or the constabulary, was murdered by a mob* of
native policemen at Cabuga. a few days ago,
while attempting to arrest a policeman for diso
bedience of orders. His assailants were ar-
rested^".:' - - - .-/
.tJSan Francisco. Sept. 7.General tails H. Foote
is lyinsc dangerously ill at his residence, here.
General Foote represented the United States for
years in South America and for four years in the
, orient. He was the first minister from this coun
ter to Korea.
Pastor of the Andrew Presbyterian
Churoh Accepts Call to North
Will Announce Resignation Next
SundayReview of His Work
Rev. Martin D. Hardin, pastor of An
drew Presbyterian church, Fourth street
and Eighth avenue SE, will announce his
resignation next Sunday. H e has been
invited to the pulpit of the Second Pres
byterian church of Charlotte, N. C , and
has decided .to accept. H e -will preach his
farewell sermon in Andrew church on
the last Sunday of this mon th and will
start at once with his family for North
A t Charlotte Mr. Hardin will be at the
head of the largest congregation in the
Southern Presbyterian ohurch. His
parishioners will number more than
Mr. Hardin came to Minneapolis from
Philadelphia five years ago. In that time
he has transformed his present charge into
what Is largely an Institutional church.
He has established a gymnasi um and
bowling alley in the basement, and has
adopted other measur es for Increasing the
growth and fostering the unity of his con
gregation. Th e membership list, which
now includes 500 names, is double the
size it was when he came.
Qeneral Rain in State Yesterday
Extent of Injury to Grain
Undetermined. *
Southern Minnesota came in for wet
weather this week, as usual. I t is damp,
cloudy and generally disagreeable in the
southern half of the state. For nearly a
a week the northern half of the state,
especially the Red river valley, had no
rain until yesterday, when a general fall
was experienced. Th e Dakot as also got
a wetting. Grain in shock is probably
damaged in the southern part of the
state, but no reports have been received
to-day at the weather bureau office as to
general damage.
Judge Morris Deals Out Justice
to a Batch of Of
United States District Judge Page
Morris this afternoon passed sentence
upon the following prisoners, who had all
pleaded guilty:
R. E. Regan, sending ablackmailing postal
card. One year and three months in the state
Edward Curtiss, counterfeiting money. One
hundred dollars fine and ten months in the state
Ira Fleming, making and passing counterfeit
money. One hundred dollars fine and ten
months in the state penitniary.
Joseph E. Soucy was arraigned on the
charge of passing counterfeit money. H e
pleaded not guilty an dwas remanded.
William C. Soucy, convicted of using
the mails to sell counterfeit money, was
sentenced to imprisonment in the county
jail for three months.
Ten Thousand Dollar Collection Sent
for Inspection of Local
Collectors of postage stamps in Minne
apolis are on the qui vive over the arrival
in this city of some rare specimens of
stamps sent to the Minneapolis branch
of the American Philatelic association by
A. W . Bachelder of Boston, Mass. They
well be shown at a meeting of the society
to be held Wednesday evening, Sept. 9,
In parlor F , Hotel Nicollet.
The collection, tho containing only six
teen stamps, is worth at least $10,000,
and contains some of the very rarest of
the 'stamps of the United States. Th e
most valuable is probably the Livingstone
provisional, the rarest of Confederate lo
cal stamps. I t is on the original envelop
and will command $2,000 from some one
who has the price. Another rarity is
the 5-cent St. Louis provisional, on pelure
paper, held at $1,500.
Crowd Wanting to Register Larger
Than the Force Could Handle"
This Morning.
It was Labor Day with a vengeance at
the registrar's office at the university this
morning. Registrar Johnson and his force
of clerks were on hand early, but they
could not begin to handle the students
who wished to register before noon. When
the doors closed for the noon recess there
were still several score of applicants in
line. Up to the noon hour, 1,650 students
had been registered, 1,250 of these being
in the academic department. There are
over 500 students yet to register, and Mr.
Johnston expects to accommodate about
400 of these this afternoon. A fine of
25 cents a day will be assessed against
students registering atter to-day. Classes
meet to-morrow morning.
"U." Y. M. C. A. 18 BUSY
Doing Good Work In Caring for New
The Y. M. C. A. at the state "U." Is a
busy place these days. Th e rooms are
crowded with new men who want work.
Many have been provided but there are
more applicants than positions. Th e new
men are being directed to rooms and sev
eral have registered in the educational
classes to make up entrance conditions.
Rev. G. L. Morrill Discusses Its Advan
tages Before a aSt. Paul
G. L. Morrill of the People's church,
Minneapolis preached in St. Paul yester
day for Rev. S. G., Smith at the People's
church. "The Mission of the People's
Church" -was the subject.. H e said in
par t: *" .
The time will come when a people's church In
the city reaching all classes which.do not attend
the denominational churches, will receive not only
the moral but the moneyed support of the good
people. Not only friends and philanthropists, but
the various denominations who will pray for
it and wish it well, will contribute towards Its
expense just as they do toward other philanthrop
ic and religious objects thru the city. The church
is the greatest police force known and deserves
support for civic as well as Christian reasons.
The people's church is an object lesson and a
commentary on the scripture that God is love.
If we love not our brother whom we have'seen
we He and do not tell the truth if we say that
we love the Invisible God.
The work of the people's church demands
spiritual, sympathetic and substantial support of
all. The hour demands strenuous, sympathetic,
wide sweeping and searching effort.
v . .
Long Day's Play Engaged In by
the State Association at
Local Rooms.
Seven Winners in the Morning Play
Matched This Afternoon
IFinal Round To-night.
The annual summer tournament of the
State Chess association is in progress at
the rooms of the Minneapolis Chess Club,
527 Boston block, with fourteen players
entered in what Is known as a pyramidal
or "knockout tourney." Play began at 10 a.
a. and will probably continue until 10
o'clock this evening.
The first round was played between 10
a. m. and noon, over seven boards, as
White Opening Black
1C. D. Gould Irregular C. G. Rosen
2F. N. Stacy Philidor 1A. Schwarz
8Dr. Lynde Muzie N. Nelson
4N. Cohen Queen Counter.. .Dr. Huxmann
5J. H. Clark Queen's W. J. Shaw
6A. S. Dowdall Scotch B. P. Elliott
7A. F. Reid..:... .Irregular Dr. Blgelow
At noon the following players had won :
Elliott, Lynde. Stacy, Huxmann, Blgelow,
Shaw. Th e Gould-Rosen game was un
finished and will be adjudicated.
Play on the second round began at 2
p. m., the winners in the first round being
paired with winners, and the losers with
losers. I t requires four rounds in all to
determine the contest. Tw o rounds this
afternoon and one this evening will finish
the program.
Midway Residents Wonder at Open
Violation of the liquor
Laws There.
They Obtain a List of Persons in
Midway Holding Government
Midway residents are greatly stirred up
over the report ma de by the St. Paul
license inspector, Charles Jessrang, that
no blind pigs can be found in the Midway
district. That the "pigs" exist is known
by all the residents in the district and
scarcely a day passes that men who don't
care for "soft drinks" can be seen coming
from places commonly understood to
shelter the sightless swine.
Midway district residents have secured
the following list- of government liquor
licenses held by persons along University
avenu e: A. Alton, 2225 University ave
nue F . C. Carey, 1957 University avenue
Mary De Franchey, 1932 University ave
nue Charles Faughan, 2152 University
avenue Jacob Menglekoch, University
and Prior avenues Midway club, 1931 Uni
versity avenue R. J. Mills, 1342 University
avenue Ole Olson, 2148 University ave
nue Th e Prior club, 1956 University ave
nue M. Towey, 2119 University avenue,
and Martin Towey, 2148 University ave
nue. Each of the licenses cost $25 and
the'residents think that the holders are
not willing to pay out that mu ch money
unless they are reaping some benefit.
The police do not interfere with the
places, th o arres ts of men frequenting
them have not been unusual. Only yes
terday a man became intoxicated in one
of the Midway places and went home to
cause a fight in his brother's family, which
was stopped only upon the arrival of the
Last week one of the temperance work
ers of the Midway district went to the
St. Paul police headquarters and asked
that something be done to stop the vio
lation of the law. "Have you any evi
dence against these places?" was the sat
isfaction she received. She told them it
w as the business of the police to see that
the law was not violated and not hers,
especially where the violations were so
flagrant and open as they are in the Mid
Bishop Edsall and His Assistants
Take Formal Charge at St.
Rainy weather did not prevent a large
attendance yesterday morning at St.
Mark's Pro-cathedral, when Bishop Sam
uel Cook Edsall was formally recognized
and Rev. Charles Edgar Haupt and Rev.
George Heathcote Hills were instituted
as vicars. Th e service was simple, with
special music by the large boy choir,
under direction of the chorister, George
H. Normington.
During the processional the wardens
and vestry members waited at the chan
cel rail where the bishop declared the
purpose of the occasion. The vicars
pledged themselves to be faithful and
thereupon received "The keys from the
senior warden.
Bishop Edsall, in his inaugural sermon,
set forth the duties of the vicars and
of the people. H e urged co-operation and
an entire absence of censorious compari
son. H e said! it had been found that the
administration of the affairs of such a
large diocese could be best accomplished
by the association of ministers of equal
responsibility and with individual inde
pendence. A t a conference exact plans
for division of the work had been made.
Governor Herried Looks in Upon the
FairOpportunities for
Young Men. -
Governor Herreid of South Dakota was
a visitor at the state fair. H e is making
an enviable reputation as a. seeker and
finder of valuable information, having
traveled over 7,000 miles this summer for
that purpose. In all his travels he de
clared that nothing had given him greater
pleasure or afforded him larger knowledge
than his visit at "Minnesota truly wo n
derful exhibition."
"You certainly have a sta te to be proud,
of," remarked the governor, "th e greatest
In the northwest at the present time. But
do not forget that South Dakota Is on the
map and that of all the states In the
northwest it certainly is entitled to rank
of first place in Its remarkable record
of rapid development the past few years.
The practically unknown western part of
the sta te is really a remarkable country
from the agriculturist's standpoint. Tho
long overlooked, and th o little is being said
about it, It Is rapidly filling up with a
substantial class of settlers."
"No, we are not on the eve of an awak
eningwe are awake, and from now on
the northwestern states will find South
Dakota the pacemaker, and a swift one
at that.
"Policies? W e are too busy gathering
the greatest crop in the history of the
stte to thi nk even about politics," and
then as he swung himself onto the train
for Sioux City he remarked:
"We have been, working for these re
sults for twenty years. It's a great state
for young men right now just tell them
to come e
Continued from First Page.
parad was the appearanae of the photo
engravers who rode in two tally-hos. Tin
horns and bugles were in evidence as were
flags and bunting and the representation
attracted a great deal of attention. Th e
tally-hos were followed by 50 coopers and
05 members of the cooper machine opera
tors' union.
The boiler makers' union, represented
by 5 husky fellows, preceded 305 retail
salesmen. Th e upholsterers were sepre
sented by 75 men and the plumbers' labor
ers by 40 men. Th e iron molders marched
225 strong and were followed by 200 cus
tom tailors, part of whom were in car
riages. Next came 80 meat cutters and 30
horseshoers, each carrying the insignia of
his trade. ,
The unioti baggage and expressmen
were not behind the times and eighteen
.rigs, decorated in various styles, preceded
the representatives of the building trades'
council. Of these only eighty men were
in line. They were followed by sixty
steam fitters and eighty stone cutters,
"$8 a Day " Banner.
One of the . largest unions represented
w as the carpenters and joiners' union.
There were nearly 1,400 men in line and
they .carried, a number of the same old
banners that brought forth so many re
marks last year. These banners bore such
inscriptions as: "We want justice, not
charity" "Eight. hours for work, eight
hours for recreation and eight hours for
sleep." In the line of banners the ma
chinists went one step further and asked
for "eight dollars a day."
The sheet metal workers and electrical
workers were each represented by 150
men, while the lathers had but fifty men
In line. Next were the stone masons,
with 200 members the hoisting and port
able engineers, with 25, and the operative
plasterers with, 100 members. 'The paint
ers and decorators had 600 mne in line the
structural ironworkers 50 and the brick
layers 100. Th e hod-carriers were 800
strong and they preceded the mason tend
ers, who had 100 men In the parade.
Team-Owners' Float.
By far the handsomest display by any
union %svas that of the Team-Owners'
union. A- large float, drawn by fourteen
white horses and bearing a number of
little girls,.w ho waved flags, blew upon
horns and shouted to the crowds on the
curbstones, was the most admired dis
play of the day. The float was followed
by a six-horse van, which, In turn, was
followed by sixty gray and 132 bay and
brown horses. Th e team-owners' display
brought up the rear of the parade.
Interspersed here and there thru the line
of march were bands. Among the bands
present was the Anoka band, the Ma
chinists' band, the Oak Leaf band, the
Crescent band, the Morgan Post fife and
drum corps, and other musical organiza
Chief Conroy and his police force wo n
laurels for the way in whic hthey handled
the crowd.
President Northrop Declares Against
Sympathetic Strikes.
President Northrop has given The
Journal the following synopsis of the
Tills is a country in which the people have
address he had expected to deliver to-day:
equal rights. Any man who can work and will
work has a right to work and to earn his living.
We cannot be divided up into parties fighting
against each other in the matter of the right
to labor. It would be absurd to have republican
workmen iuil a building because a democrat
workman was employed, or a Catholic workman
quit a building because a Protestant was em
ployed, and it is equally absurd for a labor or
ganization to quit a building because somebody
ylio Is not in their organization is employed.
We have been passing thru a period of great
prosperity but there ]s a crisis before us In
which prosperity will be destroyed unless great
wisdom is shown both by the capitalists and by
the labor unions. . , -.. :.
Prosperity is the child of public confidence
and of peace. Strikes fliean war. They are
destructive to the interests, oftentimes, of both
parties engaged. They should not be indulged in
lightly, or foolishly, or for Inadequate causes.
They should be reserved as the final weapon In
remedying some great wrong by securing some
great right. Of they are to be indulged in on
slight occasions if for little petty offenses
strikesare to be declared, public confidence will
necessarily be destroyed and enterprises in build
ings. In railroads and in other developments will
be stopped until the condition is more stable.
I believe in labor unions as a means of defense
for the individual workman against the power
that would otherwise have him at its mercy.
But if the labor unions are to continue to be
an agency for good and not for evil, they must
be judiciously, carefully and wisely conducted.
The unions have had some great leaders. John
Mitchell Is one Arthur was one and It is to
be hoped that wise leaders and not the passion
of the crowd will govern the future policy of the
It is to be hoped that the labor unions will
be reasonable In their requests, and that public
confidence In them will not be utterly destroyed
by the ditsurbance of business destruc
tion of enterprises which
. _ . . has given way to the plowshare and the battle
The principle of human equality implies that I fields bloom with better things. In our city,
every Individual In human society, where equity I where the ring of the hammer and the din of the I tion.
la enthroned in power, shall hare an equal
chance, according to the measure of his worth,
of receiving a just reward for his Industry, bis
superior skill and his executive ability,
fetter Things In Store.
The enlightened and progressive civilization of
the twentieth century has better things In store
for the people than subjection to the despotism
of that radical socialism that would reduce men.
to the flat level of slovenly ease, and rob in
dividual energy of its just reward and take
from worthy ambition its noble aims.
I have only contempt for reckless denunciation
of the ambitious and energetic man whose keen
intelligence and ceaseless toll have developed the
rich resources of our country. They are en
titled to our gratitude, as they challenge our ad
miration. It does us no honor to treat them in
a spirit of envy and jealousy.
Idle wealth and idle minds are a great mis
fortune to a nation than ambition for gain, or
even corporate greed.
Combinations of wealth are not ot necessity
evil. If they are directed with the view of ad
vancing the welfare of the many, with the pur
pose of enlarging the opportunities of the people
and of developing the vast resources of the coun
try, they are entitled to our gratitude and confi
dence. If they are organized more for the pur
pose of enforcing their will by means of the
power their union affords, rather than because
of the righteousness of their aims, they deserve
and will meet the condemnation of a people who
are pledged to justice to all men.
Two Things Not to Be Accepted.
I cannot believe that the sovereign will of the
people In this free land will ever submit to the
dictations of organized wealth, that presumes to
defraud the masses of the people of a fair op
portunity of enjoying an equitable share of our
national prosperity. I feel Just as firmly per
suaded that we will never accept that revolution
ary theory* of radical socialism, or its kindred
delusions that would reduce the individual to
the humiliating condition of becoming an irre
sponsible .factor in a co-operative machine,
manipulated by the cunning hands of crafty and
ambitious men. A self-respecting, sovereign
people must not surrender their God-given rights
to govern, either to the Insolence of organized
money or to the audacity of organized labor.
Money is labor's best friend. Money, more
money, is the object sought for by labor. Where
money is scarce, or withheld from circulation,
labor goes hungry, and the most compact union
of the laboring class cannot satisfy hunger's de
mands. The free circulation of money and the
vigorous activity of industrial enterprises bring
prosperity within the reach of the poor as well
as of the rich. Trades unions, from motives of
selfish iuterest, should aim constantly at the
stability and the security of the profitable in
vestment of money.
Labor's Best Friend.
Wealth is labor's best friend. The aim of or
ganized labor should be the education and bet
terment of those who toll with muscle and brain.
The highest development of the Individual, and
the culture of those talents peculiar to indi
vidual character, are the foundation of national
prosperity and happiness. Differences In per
sonal character, inequalities of talent, varying
tastes and personal ambitions are arranged by
a wise Providence for the harmonious well-being
of human society.
That social condition Is abnormal in which the
individual feels that his rights will not be safe
guarded unless he protects himself within the
shelter of a closely organized craft.
That economic condition is abnormal in which
wealth feels insecure unless protected by irre
sistible combination o fgold. The sovereign
will of the people should decree that neither com
binations of wealth nor combinations of labor
shall create abnormal conditions.
A government of the people must protect the
rights of all. Under a free and righteous gov
ernment no organization should be allowed to
exist that conspires against justice and individ
ual liberty.
A Plea for a Better Understanding Among
All Classes.
In substance the following was the
speech of Rev. Marion D. Shutter:
I am here''not for any technical discussion
of wages or hours of labor, or conditions under
which work is performed. Such questions de
mand the studies of experts,- and cannot be
setttled off-hand from the platform. I am
here in the interest of a better understanding
among the elements that make up our commu
nity. We are friends and neighbors. We have
many things in common. We want to learn
how to live together in peace and prosperity.
The church, the society, the labor union, each
has duties as well as rights.
There are some things that have been settled,
and you have settled them. At first organiza
tions among workmen were bitterly opposed. I
need not go into that sad history. The right
to organize is now conceded. It is as absolute
for the laborer as for the man of business and
the employer. The unions have grown and mul
tiplied. They have corrected certain abuses In
the conduct of various industries they have
gained advantages for their members, such as
better wages, shorter hours, and more healthful
conditions they have Influenced for the better
the state of labor outside as well as inside the
unions. The record is one that may be written
In letters of light upon the scroll of the world's
industrial history. It is a record that the com
munity, reads with satisfaction. All real lovers
of the race rejoice In any height that is won
by struggling and aspiring humanity.
But success is the test of an organization, just
as it is of an individual. The good that may
be done by a person, a society or a corporation
In the days of struggle and comparative weak
ness will not atone for any misuse of power
that may signalize the days of triumph. To-day
many people all over the country are asking:
"Have the labor unions outlived their useful
ness and are they henceforth to be but a menace
to the peace and prosperity of a community?"
I want to answer that question. I want vou
to help me answer it, so that the mind of the
people shall be set at rest. I do not believe
that the labor unions have outlived their use
fulness. I believe there is still work for them
to do. The excesses and abuses of organization
and powerwhich, by the way, are not confined
to the unionswill be corrected by the conserva
tism of the constituency and the wisdom of
judicious leaders.
Feeling of Uncertainty.
Nevertheless the feeling of uncertainty thru
out the land has not been without some justifi
cation. The community, for example, will al
ways stand by labor in a strike against real
wrong and injustice, and unhappily, wrong and
Injustice have too often" been done to labor. The
sympathy of the whole country was with the an
thracite coal miners. But on the other hand,
a strike that is ordered for the sake of striking
or to make a display of power, or for some triv
iality or to get even with an employer, or to
wreak vengeance upon somebody else strikes
that violate contracts, strikes that are attended
with violence and murder and destruction of prop
erty strikes that drive business 0Ut of a city
and make capital schrink from investmentsuch
strikes no community can or will tolerate for
ever. The best men In the unions are opposed
to scores and hundreds of these strikes and
will some day be strong enough to put a stop
to them.
There are other things which the general public
views with suspicion and distrust: the attitude
that some unions in different parts of the country
take towards the .militia, excluding those of their
members who will not resign from such com
panies: the disposition in some quarters to place
the rules of the union above the laws of the
country (there are great corporations, by the
way, that do the same thlnsr and the attitude
taken towards the independent workerwhich
unfortunately is just the attitude taken by the
trust towards the independent producer. Thev are
serious tendencies, and thousands of men in the
unions deplore them for they understand that
any attempt to undermine the power of govern
ment to protect its citizens in times of lawless
ness and danger is a step in the direction of
anarchy and chaos. They understand that If any
organisation may override the authority of the
general government, that authority will be no
longer respected. They understand that to in
terfere with the legal lights of any citizen
is to make the constitution of our country a
nullity and to turn our boasted freedom into
a farce. The thousands of level-headed men
In tho unions who see these things will make
their influence felt In arresting the tendencies.
cannoandethe t b carried out
while the policy of labor is unsettled. That
man who had a goos ethat laid a golden egg
every day killed the goose because he thought
It must be all gold inside. She was not, and
he never again received dally the egg. Pros
perity to-day lays its golden egg of dally re
ward for labor done, and it will not be a dif
ficult thing to destroy that prosperity and so
destroy the daily, reward of labor.
Let us all try to be wise, to be Just, to be
Individual Liberty and Human ' Equality
Discussed by Rev. J. M. Cleary.
Rev. J. M. Cleary of St. Charles church
in his address, says in par t:
Two cardinal principles are found in the social
economic creed of every thoughtful and intelli
gent citizen. These two principles are individual
liberty and human equality. A misconception
of the practical significance of these fundamental
principles occasion most of the social unrest
that ell friends of humanity deplore.
Shocking deeds of blood have been perpetrated
in the name of liberty. In the name of human
equality most outrageous acts of injustice are
done. As a people, we feel that we understand
and will interpret the principle of Individual lib
orty better than any other nation in the world's
history. The happiness and prosperity of the land
are In peril unless we understand correctly the
meaning of human equality. Because we love
liberty we render cheerful submission to lawful
authority. Intelligent obedience to law Is an
essential cor.dltlou of human liberty. The an
archist, who rails at all authority, human and
divine, in spite of all his protests, Is liberty's
deadly enemy. Liberty cannot live in the poison
ous atmosphere of anarchy. Liberty does not
imply that every citizen may act as his selfish
ness, his advantage or his inclinations may
prompt him. The law of liberty demands that no
man's rights shall be invaded, that no man la
free to do as-he pleases or to take what he can,
simply because he lias the power to gratify his
caprice or ambition. The man who violates the
law and attempts to Invade the sacred rights of
other men. be he rich or poor, weak or power
ful, forfeits thereby his own right to liberty. All
honest friends of liberty are submissive to legiti
mate authority, even tho such submission may
demand serious sacrifice. All the anarchists are
not found among the poor or In the ranks of the
laboring classes. The rich and the powerful who
defy the law and presume to Ignore the sacred
rights of the weak and the poor are the most
despicable class of anarchists.
Liberty and equality are twin sisters, bearing
In their fair hands priceless blessings to human
ity. The abuse of liberty begets tyranny a mis
understanding of the meaning of human equality
begets discontent and leads to gross Injustice and
most outragecus acts.of despotism.
The trainers of our Declaration of Independence
did not give encouragement .to either despotism
or anarchyfor they hated bothwhen they
proclaimed boldly that all men had a God-given
right to the pursuit of happiness and liberty.
They did not sanction the Injustice of ignoring In
dividual merit when they espoused the principle
that equality Is a human birthright. They un
derstood liberty to signify obedience to lawful
authority and resistance to tyranny. They under
stood human equality to signify the peaceful
reign of justice in human society. It was their
evidfcnt purpose that every man, beneath the
shelter of tht American flag should enjoy a fair
and equitable opportunity of receiving the just re
ward that his personal merit might win.
Nothing was further from the mind of the
fathers than the thought of merging independent
and liberty loving American citizens into a co
operative, socialistic 'federation under which the
strength of the organization may force its de
mands, where the individual Is lost, individual
ambition is blighted and the reign of force in
stead of justice is permitted to prevail
I repeat, therefore, what I said a moment-ago,
that I believe the unions have not outlived their
usefulness. . In addition to the material advan
tages you have won for your members, you
will add moral and spiritual gains that will be
nobler and grander. In the last analysts, every
organization will be estimated by the type of
manhood It produces. At bottom a labor union
is not simply an instrument for temporal gain,
but a means of moral discipline. It Is for you
to exalt and dignify the common callings of
earth and to make your tasks as honorable as
those of the Carpenter of Nazareth. . It Is fov
you to build up your manhood by fidelity to duty
and by putting your conscience into every stroke
of work. It is for you to develop that superior
skill and intelligence which will make your work
tell its. own story, which will enable it to con
quer the world by Its merits. It Is your high
privilege to set the world, In all your dealings
and relationships, an example of equity, modera
tion and justice.
Address by Rev. G. L. Morrill Treats the
Question Very Frankly.
Rev. G. L.. Morril of the People's church
says, amo ng other things:
The old world speaks of "arms and the
man," the new world of "the man and the hoe."
We meet tVis labor day thankful that the sword
n A (Active Page
SEPTEMBER 7, 1903.
Correct Dress
for Everybody.
Everything Good to Wear, Head to Foot. %
(For Men, Women and Children and nothing else.)
This concentration of effort upon the Clothing Outfitting busi-
ness has made the Plymouth Comer Fashion Headquarters.
The Leading Men's and Boys' Clothing Business.
The Leading Men's and Boys' Furnishings Business.
The Leading Men's and Boys' Hat and Cap Business.
The Leading Women's Outfitting Business.
The Leading Millinery Business.
The Leading Tailoring Business.
The Leading Fur Business. '~
The Leading Shoe Business.
Besides the great assortments, ready-to-wear and in process
of manufacture, which are carried on the main and upper floors
of our 8-story building, there is also
The Great Basement Salesroom
where the less expensive grades are offered at much lower fig-
ures than similar styles in ordinary clothing and department stores.
Economical buyers are moreover sure that at The Plymouth
everything is reliable, no matter how low the price.
The Plymouth Corner, Sixth & Nicollet
wheel is heard, labor with swarthy face and
strong arm stands dignified and honored.
The disgrace of labor was felt by the ancients,
who allowed none but slaves to perform it. It
was held as degrading. Cicero said: "No noble
sentiment can come from a workshop," and
Seneca taught "Wisdom soils not her hands with
labor." Borne had patricians, slaves and plebes,
but there was no middle class with horny hands
of toll.
The dignity of labor came when Christ worked
as carpenter at Nazareth, when Paul sewed tents,
when the early disciples and later church leaders
declared with Peter, "God Is no respecter of
persons." This spirit made possible Magna
Otaarta and the Declaration of Independence. To
day "Labor, wide as earth, has its summit In
The duty of the laborer depends on his capacity
to be a man and make the irost of himself. The
workman has a rieht to himself, his powers and
the product of his powers, and that right only
ceases when his activities interfere with the
rights of others.
The Dangers to Labor.
The danger of labor is anarchy, which writes
the hell history of force, as in the French reign
of terror, under the guise of liberty, fraternity
and equality. At times it h2B obtained in our
American cities, unmindful that two wrongs can
never make one right.
Another danger is socialism, which ignores ine
qualities in matter and mind, yearns for what
another earns and says with Louis Blanc, "From
each according to his powers, to each according to
his needs," and If successful would forge the
chains ot a now slavery. Even the Divine Mas
ter would not judge between the two brothers, as
If perchance He thought there was inequality,
and would not condemn It. , , * ,
There are agitators whose business it is to live
on labor's disagreement, and who seek to make
destruction please. The laborer may want more
and better support, drslre and demand a certain
dignity, liberty, honor and peace, but If it comes
It will come from another source, as a rule,
than the agitating walking delegate.
Samuel J. Parks, now in Sing Sing, and his
swindling companion, Lawrence Murphy, have re
cently been convicted as thinking more of them
selves than the organisations they pretended to
represent. They were looters on a large scale
Labor cannot afford to allow a repetition of
blackmail delegates who bead off threatened
strikes or privately' settle strikes already pub-r Th e seventh count charged that on
licly declared.
Must Drive Out Corruption.
Organized labor has fought its battle for recog
nition and secured it. Its power is grea:. but
corruption has crept in, and It must ^
out or its influence will be at an end Because of
tils many members of v.nlous ore sick of the order
and would leave it to-day if they dared.
The late P M. Arthur, chief of the Brother
boofoflocomotive Engineers was a model labor
leader. He stood within the limits of law,
order and good citizenship, denounced violence,
d scarded the sympathetic strike, was quick, firm
and "old. He never made an irrational demand
o? the railroad companies, because he knewX he
reduced their earning capacity he would reduce
thrtr ability to raise wages. His example is a
moael 3 ' ship and is commended to every
Success the Test.
X.SE has th^snme right: to exist
ence aSd as organized capital, for labor is the
^ri^ ^ ,Sg?wftn labor and capital
line undetermined to win. Carried on tec long,
strikes lose the respect and sympathy of the
people No man has a right to say for whom
oiT for whom I shall work On e other hand.
I have no right ot say who shall work for an
other how long, or for what wage.
Strikes year! ago were against a decrease of
wVo To-dav it is for their increase, which
Tly proved we have not reached thegolden
age when capital and labor are perfectly satis
Compulsory Arbitration.
The state which has protected the employer
and employe, and made their {"""VtoSr':
has a right to protect society if it is jeopar
dized by Srlkes. It Wslatesforco^oa^d
against malignant diseases. As a police regu
lation, compulsory arbitration would do good.
President Theodore Roosevelt's reinstatement
of W \ Miller, removed because he had been
expelled 'from a local bookbinder's union, has
been generally commended by the press and
mibllc of this country. He took high ground
when, believing that Mr. Miller had been re
moved by the hate of the union, and not for the
good of public service, he said: "There is no
objection to the employes of Jhe government
printing office constituting themselves Into a
union if they so desire but no rules or resolu
tions of that union can be permitted to override
the laws of the United States."
Anti-Union Organizations.
Omaha has 800 business men banded to fight
different labor organizations, each pledging him
self to help any member who has trouble with
his employes. A similar movement has taken
place In other cities. This business mens
association Is defensive because of what they
call labor's determination to rule or ruin all
business enterprises. It seeks no fight with
organized labor, which it admits has the right
of lawful organization but when It becomes a
lawbreaker, resorting to Intimidation, personal
violence, picketing and boycotting, those who are
unwilling to submit to their dictation. It de
clares life, liberty and pursuit of happiness are
at stake, and Is willing to fight for It.
Golden Rule to Reign.
To-day men must clasp, no clash shake
hands, not fists amalgamate and not separate
their Interests. Let capital be satisfied with
reasonable returns, and labor with reasonable
compensation for Its work. It was Jehovah
who brought Israel out from the house of bond
age It was his son who. said: "The laborer
is worthy of his hire." The map of Christian
ity shows the best-paid and happiest lalwrlng
classes. Compared with Chinese coolies and
Turkish slaves, it is a tribute to him who dig
nified labor and made It possible for the labor
ing man to rise. The Bplrlt of the mountain
sermon must pervade labor's discussion. The
golden measuring rod of "Do unto others as you
would have them do unto you" Is the only satis
factory standard.
Labor Is the chosen sphere of the universe.
May you laboring men continue to create the
enduring monument of honest and manly toil.
Prove your worth by your worthiness sway the
scepter of intelligence, fidelity and kindness,
until at the close of life's work you go home for
rest and reward of the Master who says: "Well
done, good and faithful servant."
Driven Out of Mountains by Scouts
and Constabulary.
Manila, Sept. 7.A body of scouts and
constabulary combined has succeeded in
scattering the insurgents who were re -
ported a few days ,ago to be causing
trouble in Cavite province. They have
been driven out of the mountain range,
to which they fled for shelter when
routed by the constabulary, in an en
gagement which took place last week.
After dispersing them the force returned
and captured their canjp, together with
a large amount of supplies and ammuni-
Continued from First Page.
and procedure and apparently attach no
more importance to the manner of pro
cedure, than to the substantial
party as estblished by a fair trial.
There is a close analogy between cases
like the one at bar and an indictment for
receiving stolen property, which has been
stolen from different parties at different
times. I t is wrell
dictment for such an offense may charge
as one offense, the receiving at one time
of goods which have been stolen from dif
ferent owners at different times.
Validity of the Indictment.
"There are several cases which in prin
ciple sustain the validity of this indict
ment. I am willing to rest this decision
upon the authority of United States v.
Scott 74 Fed. 213, decided by Judge Taft
in the United States circuit court In 1895.
The indictment there under consideration
w as for the violation of the act to regu
late and improve the civil service of the
United States. Section 11, provided that
no senator or representative, etc., 'shall
directly or indirectly solicit or receive, or
be in any manner concerned in soliciting
or receiving any assessment, subscription,
or contribution for political purposes
whatever, from any officer, clerk or em -
ploye of the United States, or any depart
ment, branch or bureau thereof, or from
the treasury of the United States.'
"Scott, the collector of Internal revenue,
w as indicted for receiving money in vio
lation of this act. Th e indictment con
tained several counts, each of which
charged him with receiving a specific sum
on a certain date from numerous people.
certaln date he 'unlawfully was then and
there knowingly concerned in receiving
an assessment of $1,000, from a great
many, to-wit, fifty persons, whose names
are to the grand jury aforesaid unknown,
which said persons were then and there
officers of the United States, to-wlt, duly
appointed and acting as United States in
ternal revenue storekeepers, internal
revenue storekeepers' gagers, within and
for the fifth internal revenue district for
the state of Kentucky, for a political pur
pose, to-wit., for the use of the political
party, etc'
"This indictment was held good. Judge
Taft saying that 'settled principles of
criminal law permit the prosecutor to treat
as one offense a single act Involving sev
eral different and similar violations of the
law.' 'There is little, if any authority,'
says the learned judge, 'to sustain the
proposition that it is not competent to
join crimes of the character described
committed by one single act or series of
acts at the same time and place, in a sin
gle count.' That case and the one at
bar do not differ in principle. I t Is Im
material whether the money was collected \
at one time after getting the parties all .
together, or by visiting the parties at or
about the same time and collecting from
each individial. Th e result is the same.
A gross sum is realized by assessment,
which in bulk Is turned over to the de -
fendant at one time and accepted by him
with the understanding then entertained
that the parties who have contributed to
the fund will be protected and permitted
to continue an illegal business.
drlve ^
No Reason for Repeating Trial.
"Under the recent decision in the case
of State vs. Fred W . Ames, all the
evidence which was received in the case
at bar would have been properly received
under the* present Indictment, had the
state been required to elect one of the so
called causes of action. I am therefore
asked-to grant a a new trial, require an
election, receive the same evidence, and
after a long delay, arrive again at the
point where we now are. Only a violation
of the substantial rights of the defendant
would justify this, and I find no such vio
lation in this record.
"The statutes of this state provide that
'No indictment is insufficient, nor ea
a trial judgment or other proceediaf
thereon, be affected by reason of a defecx
or Imperfection in matter of form which
does not tend to prejudice the substantial
rights of the defendant upon the merita.
the verdict should stand."
St. Paul Man's Skull Fractured In a Run
nlng Fight With a ,
Otto Kirchoff, 724 L a Fond* street, St.
Paul, died at 10:30 this morning at the
city hospital from a fracture of the skutt
received in a street brawl at Kent and
L a Fond streets last night. William
Fastnor, Christ Haag, John Downs. Mike
Rogitsh, Peter Hubert, William and Otto
Neuffeld w,ere arrested charged with be-.
Ing concerned in the assault.
Otto Kirchoff, J. Pothel, William Tyler
and Henry Kirchoff were loitering at the
corner of KeM and L a Fond streets
shortly before midinght when Fsatnor and
his friends passed. There were some
words between the two crowds and then
Kirchoff and his friends ran down an
alley. Fastnor and his crowd followed,
and a volley of stones was hurled after the
quartet. A few minutes later Otto Kirch
off was found lying unconscious In the
alley with blod flowing from a cut In his
The seven men arrested were In the
police court this morning and had their
cases continued to Wednesday.
Watsonvllle. Cal.. Sept. 7.The district attor- -
ney and sheriff are investigating the death ofr
Mrs. Elvira Scales Greene, an aunt of Bill Nye. i?
the well-known humorist. Greene's death'.
was attributed to gaMrs. s asphyxiation. The, .
district attorney states that he has received In '
formation that her death was not accident. ^
v. * ~~~~"""""~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Tan^to^twelve shirs a day arrive In the port 4V
Uew York. . . /'
\ '.
established that an in-

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