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PKICE TWO CENTS. THUKSDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 10, 1903. . 16 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK.
CHARLTON ON RECIPROCITY Member of the Canadian Parliament Delivers a Forceful Address in Boston. Says Canada Must Decide Shortly Between Reciprocity and Cham berlain's Flan. Declares the TJ. S. Will Drive Her to Ohamberlainism Under Pres ent Laws. $- Boston. Dec. 10."The critical hour is at hand when Canada will have arrived at the parting of the ways, and must decide whether she shall cultivate the intimate and natural relations with the United States or whether she shall put up her tariff wall against that country and become a component part of a great imperial trade fed eration. The United States can decide that the latter shall be the case by maintaining its present tariff policy." . S This was the conclusion of a force ful address delivered by John Charl ton, member of the Canadian parlia ment, upon the subject of "Reciprocity With Canada" before the Boston chamber of commerce to-day. Mr. Charlton, who is also a mem ber of the United States and British joint commission, created in 1897 to deal with the trade relations between the countries, is by birth an American and owns extensive interests in Michi gan. He is considered as one of the foremost champions of reciprocity.in Canada. The tenor of Mr. Charlton's address was that the United States must grant more liberal tariff provisions or Can adian tariff rates would be eventually advanced. Absolute free trade be tween the two countries could not yet be attained, he said, but the nearer it could be approached the better. At the present moment two great fiscal questions were engaging the attention of the Canadian and the American people. These were reciprocity between Canada and the United States and preferential trade between Great Brit ain and her colonies. Loyalty to the empire and a feeling of soreness toward the United States for alleged unfair treatment on tariff arrangements predisposed the Cana dian people to look with favor upon the preferential trade arrangement outlined by Mr. Chamberlain. A close investigation of the matter would, however, demonstrate that reciprocity of trade with the United States would offer vastly greater advantages to Can ada than the British preference that Mr. Chamberlain proposed and the consideration of the question would be one where sentiment would ' . be op posed to interest. It was not to be understood that reciprocity meant the removal of duties upon all articles It would mainly to natural products. Mr. Charlton discussed the objec tions of the AmerieftrTTaVmerand lum berman to Canadian reciprocity. He claimed that their fear that their busi ness would be injured was a. ground less one. PEACE PACT |T0 USE POWER IS ASSURED Czarina's Illness Only Delays the Signing of a Russo-Japanese Treaty. The Czar Has Already Signed a Pre liminary Agreement to Be Sent to Japan. Paris. Dec. 10.-Definite informa tion ha3 b on received here to the effect that che czar has signed his approval of the general conditions preliminary to a Russo - Japanese agreement. Further information re ceived shows them to be on the same general line of the peace negotiations as outlined in the dispatches of the Associated Press. It now develops that the overtures were formulated after the conferences between Admiral Alexieff, the Russian viceroy in the far east, and the Japanese authorities, the results being entrusted to Admiral Alexieff to for ward to St. Petersburg. The czar's approval of them will be communi cated to Japan, when it is expected the negotiations will proceed toward a conclusion. The pessimistic reports from Tokio are believed by the officials here to reflect the feeling aroused over the delays preceding the czar's approval of the general conditions for a Russo Japanese agreement. The delays were unavoidable incidents of the czarina's serious illness. It is confidently believed that Japan's early receipt of official infor mation regarding Russia's pacific course will result in a similar im provement in the Japanese aspect. ~e 8 necessarily be conflnedj I 0B GETS AFTER STREET CAR MEN Passengers on Chicago Cars Refuse to Pay Fares to Nonunion Conductor. Crew, Said to Be Strike Breakers in Recent Troubles, Injured by Union Sympathizers. Chicago, Dec. 10.In a riot to-day, growing out of the recent strike on the Chicago city railway, p car. was wrecked by a mob of union sym pathizers who furiously attacked the nonunion conductor and motorman, badly injuring both. The crew of the car escaped into a nearby building, where they were guarded by police. The riot occurred on the Halstead street line, near Archer avenue, and was participated In by hundreds of men and boys. Forced to flee from the car, the nonunion men were knocked.off their feet and severely pummeled. Strug gling up again, the victims fled in different directions, pursued by the crowd. The mob, falling to recap ture the fugitives, returned to the car, which had been abandoned, and wreaked vengeance upon the convey ance, destroying the woodwork and rendering the coach unfit for use. A patrol wagon load of police meantime rescued the two nonunionists. As a result of the riot street car traffic on the line was suspended for nearly an hour and hundreds of pas sengers were delayed. Threatened to Shoot. The nonunion conductor probably owes his life to Policeman John O'Hara, who quickly grasped the sit uation and in the nick of time threw open the front door leading to a priv ate residence. O'Hara shouted to the man to take refuge within. Then the policeman appeared at a window and with revolver drawn threatened to shoot any one who attempted to enter. The trouble occurred owing to the refusal of passengers, among them several women, to pay fares to the conductor, who wore no union button. When the nickels were refused him he announced that the car would stop unless the money was paid. At this several of the passengers in the car seized him while others pro ceeded to the front platform and or dered the motorman to start the car. At first the motorman refused but when one of the passengers exhibited a revolver he started the car and did not stop until Archer avenue was reached. Then he leaped from the convey ance and ran, pursued by a crowd of men. The conductor was then at tacked. Both of the victims, it is said, were employed as strike breakers dur ing the recent strike. HAD MONEY TO BURN. St. Petersburg, Dec. 10.The sum of $12,500,000 In paper, money was burned yesterday by the state bank. This amount was issued In notes during the month of August to meet anticipated trade de mands, but since the end of the grain '. season the money has no longer been I nosded. RUSSIA STILL SCHEMING. Delays Negotiations and Assembles Supplies for War the While. St. Petersburg, Dec. 10.Since the czar's return to the capital the negotia tions with Japan have been more active, but no Information regarding the negotia tions has been communicated to the dip lomats, far less to private individuals. A correspondent making inquiries was In formed that the questions at Issue had been exhaustively discussed, the stand point of each party denned and definite proposals had been submitted and consid ered. There was no reason for supposing that these would not furnish a basis for a settlement in principle. Large shipments from England and Eu rope of many kinds of war materials, apart from coal, are said to be expected at Nag asaki shortly.. Japan Conciliatory. Tokio, Dec. 10.By private representa tions to the members of the diet the Jap anese government has succeeded in defer ring a discussion of the Russo-Japanese dispute during the delay in the negotia tions. Prime Minister Katsura and Marquis Ito have succeeded in assuring the members that all the necessary steps have been takclh tov support Japan's interests in _ ... China and Korea. Nevertheless the mem ber a 0 f the. opposition, wfio-oomprise the . | majority in the diet, are prepared to pro- " ceed to extremes if the Russian answer and the government's attitude toward it are not satisfactory. The government is prepared to exercise its right to dissolve the lower house if the opposition threatens to embarrass tue negotiations or upset the policy adopted. There is no suggestion of the government weakening In the matter. M. Pavloff, the Russian minister to Korea, accompanied by the admiral com manding the fleet, had an audience with the emperor yesterday and renewed his protest against the opening of Yongampho to foreign commerce. PRESIDENT NOT TO BLAME Members of Oregon Delegation Deny Story That They Are Sore on Roosevelt. From The Journal Bureau, Colorado Building, Washington. Washington, Dec. 10.Senator Mitchell of Oregon authorizes The Journal to deny the story that the Oregon delegation has told the presi dent or anybody else that the state is likely to go democratic or against Roosevelt on account of the way Speaker Cannon treated Representa tive Hermann in committee assign ments. Nor is the delegation "sore" at the president over the way Her mann was treated, for the president has no more to do with appointments of committees of congress than he has with appointments of committees of the Oregon legislature. This is purely a matter of congres sional procedure and the executive could not interfere without calling forth protests from both houses. Mitchell says the delegation was anxious to have Hermann put on the river and harbor committee but the speaker could not see his way clear to do it and there the whole matter ended. The delegation is not "sore," has not seen the president since con gress opened and Mitchell has only been at the White House once and that before the committees were named. Said he: As a matter of fact, I may say Her mann himself is responsible for what has happened. He wanted rivers and harbors and made his campaign for election on the pledge that he would get that assignment, but Jones, of Washington, who has been in congress for years, had prior claims to the place, and as the Pacific northwest could have but one representative on the committee, Hermann was left off, It was the intention of Speaker Cannon to give Hermann another good assignment, but after he found out how Hermann was talking and acting he purposely placed him where he did. There is no sentiment in the state to hold Roosevelt responsible. The story to that effect has been started by.Hermann, who is disappointed and bit ter toward Cannon and everybody else. W. W. Jermane. COULDN'T GET IT THRU Havenor Admits Plan to* Freeze Out Min neapolis. Special to The Journal. Milwaukee, Wis., Dec. 10.President Havenor of the Milwaukee club admitted to-day that there had been a movement t drop'Minneapolis. St. Paul and Kan sas City from the American association, but he states that the deal will not go thru. He admitted, too. that the mag na?es had talked of consolidation with Eastern league clubs, but said that the ., deal was off for this season at least. ON RAINY RIVER A Syndicate of Minneapolis Capital ists Perfects Agreement With. Canadian Government. Ambitious Plans Already Made for Industrial Development at Koochiching Falls Flour and Pulp Mills Are Projected Initial Expenditure Will Exceed $1,000,000. According to a dispatch from Win nipeg, the Minneapolis syndicate that has long been seeking to control the water power afforded by the Rainy river at Koochiching, Minn., on the international boundary, has . finally succeeded. E. W. Backus, W. S. Brooks and Thomas H. Shevlin, of this syndicate, are reported to have signed an agreement yesterday at To- ............tmiimiHiiMiwimmiim w i WMHmMllWlMMMmtimnlH*IMIMHMmimilimHlMmHHHWMMMWWtWHMMWWMtWM' u ronto with Canadian capitalists and representatives of the.. Ontario pro vincial government. Ten thousand horse pow'er will be developed at once, half at Koochiching and half at Fort Frances, Ont., on the opposite side of the river. A big pulp mill and two 1,000-barrel flour mills will be built. The first cost of the enter prise will be $1,000,000. None of the known members of the syndicate is now in Minneapolis. At the local offices of Messrs. Backus, Brooks and Shevlin.it was-said to-day that no details had been received as to the. results of the negotiations in Toronto. The efforts of the syndicate to se cure the important properties about Koochiching began two years ago. Since then Mr. Backus and his asso ciates are said. to. have secured con trol of the greater part of the Koo chiching townsite as well as other land in the vicinity of the falls. Es timates indicate that these falls may ultimately develop as much as 40,000 horse power. Various Industries are expected at the new Soo, which will probably be rechristened International Falls. The flour mills on the* Canadian side will be enabled to grind on cheaper terms the bulk of the Canadian wheat now shipped to Minneapolis to be milled in bond. The new industrial center will occupy a position of advantage on the Canadian Northern railroad be tween Winnipeg and Port Arthur. Opposition to the plan* of the American syndicate has been largely of a political nature. One demand that has apparently been granted was that half of the power developed should be used exclusively for Cana dian industries. CHARGES AGAINST COLLECTOR Papers In Northern Iowa Case Forwarded Without Comment. From the Journal Bureau, Colorado Building, Washington. "Washington, Dec 10.All papers in the case of the collector for northern Iowa, charged with certain offenses by his for mer deputy, Milton How, have reached Commissioner Yorks and have been for warded by him to Seci'etary. Shaw without comment. Secretary* Shaw is in New York, but will be back to-morrow. It is understood that he will not make any recommenda tion, but will forward the papers to the president for such action as he may see fit to take. '-.*/ WILL NOT SPEAK IN BOSTON Governor Cummins Called Home by the Illness of His Mother. Boston, Dec. 10.Governor Albert .Cum^ mins of Iowa, who had come to Boston as the guest of the Boston Merchants' asso ciation and was to speak at the asoscia tion's banquet to-"hight, has been recalled to his home by news of the impending death of his mother.. gagfe^ XgW TO SENATOR SHOOT Fact That a Thoro Investigation Is to B_e Made* Now Taken for Granted. Polygamy, However, Will Not Alleged Against the Junior Utah Senator* Washington, Dec. 10.Congression- al callers at the White House are manifesting increased interest in the case involving the seat of Senator Smoot of Utah and indications now are that the contest which, it is as serted, is' certain to result from the present agitation will rival in ' im portance and in earnestness the case of Brigham H. Roberts before the house of representatives a few yeaae ago While the president is familiar with the developments thus far in the Smoot case, no effort is being made by either side to draw him into the controversy, the realization being gen- THE POLITICAL CHESTNUT. HannaNo Cat's Paw of Me, Mr. Monk! eral that it involves a question which the serate must determine for itself. That a thoro investigation of the subject will be made by the senate committee on privileges and elections now appears to be beyond doubt. A Thoro Investigation. By those who are pressing the in vestigation it is said It will be more comprehensive and searching than any similar inquiry ever has been. An ef iort -will be made to ascertain ac curately the attitude of the Mormon church toward the government of the United States and to learn whether or not a member of that organization is bound by any pledge or oath the tak ing of which is incompatible with his oath as a senator of the United States. It is believed by some, at least, of those who are opposing Senator Smoot that any effort made to prove he is a polygamist would result in failure and while that point cannot be said to have been abandoned absolutely, it is quite certain the opposition will con centrate its endeavors to prove that the position he holds in the Mormon church is incompatible with the oath of allegiance he has taken to the United States. That proof must be ample in the opinion of senators be fore he can be unseated. As to the ability of the opposition to Senator Smoot to establish such a proposition there is a wide divergence of opinion among the senators, but there is a pretty general agreement that if it should be established, its result would be the unseating of the Utah senator. MORE CONFESSIONS Former City Clerk of Grand Rapids Joins Squealers. Grand Rapids, Mich., Dec. 10.Isaac P. Lamoreaux, former city clerk, the only one of the last batch of respondents for whom warrants were issued in connection with the water deal who had not previous ly appeared, waived examination to-day and was bound over to the superior court. Lamoreaux is in close touch with the prosecution, and went to the office of Prosecutor Ward before going to c%urt He said to a reporter: "I have made a full statement to Mr. Ward about my connection with the water deal, and it will all come out in due time." - W. W. Jermane. WOOD DIDN'T HEED WARNING Newspaper Correspondent Says He Was Told of Plot to Kill McKinley. Be Says Furthermore that the Plot Was Hatched in a Spanish - Prison. Wood Paid No Attention and the President Was Killed as Predicted. New York Sua Speoial Service. New York, Dec. 10.George Eu gene Bryson, a well-known newspa per correspondent, cables the follow ing story from Havana: I am in a position to make the star tling allegation that General Wood, while military governor of Cuba, learned months before the opening of the Pan-American exposition at Buf- GHERARDI DEAD The Rear Admiral Passes Away After V Long Illness. Strathford, Conn., Dec. 10.Rear Ad miral Bancroft Gherardi, retired, died at his residence here to-day. - ./ Seize Time's Forelock. New Orleans, Dec. 10.-The Beard of Trade is organizing a $5,000,000 steamship line to run between here and the orient by way of the proposed ,. Panama canaL - * ^Okl- .jJjfe' ~J. .. - ^i falo that the assassination there of President McKinley had been planned b anarchists in, the Spanish prison at Montjuich and at Berne, and that, in the event of General Porflrio Diaz, president of Mexico, attending the fair, an attempt on his life also was to be made. The information was brought from Europe direct to Havana by a young Italian. newspaper correspondent who served with the Cuban insurgents here, was~ captured by Spanish troops and sent a prisoner to Spain prior -to the outbreak, of hostilities, between the United States and Spainbeing con fined in Montjuich castle, Barcelona, where he overheard the plot. Escape ing from prison, he returned to Cuba, under assignment from a Paris paper, to cover the constituent assembly, which drafted the Cuban constitution how in effect., Upon his arrival here he presented himself at the palace, seeking a pri vate interview with General Wood, who referred him to Major Caziare, then, at the head of the government secret service and local police. Told Story of Plot. He told the story of the Montjuich plot to Wood's representative and of fered for a small consideration to draw sketches of the principal anar chist leaders connected with the same for use of the Washington secret serv ice In taking whatever precautionary steps might be decided upon to safe guard President McKinley, President Diaz and the heads of any other gov ernments who might attend the ex position. But instead of receiving Wood's thanks the correspondent was sent from Cuba, aboard a vessel bound for Vera Cruz, Mexico., communications being sent by the head of the Havana police to the authorities of Mexico to say he was a dangerous character and deserving to be watched. Shortly after reaching the City of Mexico, the young Italian was arrest ed, upon an evidently trumped-up charge of having attempted to steal some diamonds belonging to a wealthy citizen of the republic,: convicted for a long term and sent to the Belen penitentiary, in which he is yet a pris oner. The name of the young Italian is Mario Victor Divizzia. He was a cap tain in the Italian army that was de feated in Abyssinia, according to his own statement, but was stricken from the army lists at home for having joined the Cuban revolution while en joying a year's leave' of absence, to travel abroad. - '' Stole Spanish Plans. While a prisoner in Havana, await ing transportation to Barcelona to serve his time in.the Montjuich prison, the Italian managed to steal the plans of all the Spanish fortifications from Colonel Gago, the engineer in charge, -5.-4- '."Continued on Second Page. ROOSEVELT SHOWS THE STUFF HE IS MADE O F BUILDERS FORM AN ORGANIZATION Promoters Announce That They Will No Longer Fight the Trades Unions. Delegates Are Present From Eighty Cities and Move Is an Im portant One. Special to The Journal. Chicago, Dec. 10.Building con tractors from eighty cities in the United States have met here and formed a national organization. The new body is intended to bring about an affiliation of the local associations and make one central and effective combination. The' cause for organ ization is given as the depression in the building industry. Property own ers and investors have become wary of putting up large structures owing to the fear of labor troubles. The contractors announce that they have ceased to fight the trade unions, and hope to bring about national peace thru joint trade agreements. The chief aims and doctrines of the promotors are as follows: To secure for contractors equitable treatment in their dealings with their employes to encourage organization and the for mation of associations of contractors to regulate conditions among build ing contractors to settle all disputes by conciliation and arbitration to do away with the sympathetic strike where conditions are proper and em ployes' associations exist to make agreements with them to adopt and use a uniform form of agreement in making joint agreements, wages being adjusted according to local conditions, and to remove restrictions against the use of any manufactured material ex cept prison-made. Independent contractors and supply men fear the new association will at tempt to force them out of the field. They assert the contractors expect to form a close combination "with the labor unions now banded together in the National Structural Building Trades Alliance. This is both denied and affirmed by the pi'omoters of the association. The sessions will continue until to morrow night. The Chicago building Contractors' council is acting as host, and has planned a series of enter tainments. Contractors began to ar rive last evening, and by noon to-day nearly three hundred were.here. They represent local councils, national trade associations and state bodies. PREDICTS WiR General MacArthur Makes Significant Statement at the Honolulu Mil itary Conference. Honolulu, Dec. 10..Major.General MacArthur, at the military conference, said that in all probability war will take place between the United States and Germany in the near future, a fact, he added, which makes the Ha waiian national guard of national im portance. The Pan-Germanic doc trine, he said, is growing among Ger man Americans, few of whom volun teered in the war with Spain. He believes that German interests are increasing to such an extent in South America that the strain upon the Monroe doctrine will eventually result in a conflict. Hawaii being a strategic point, no nation, he say's,' will make any attempt upon the coast line of the Pacific states until the capture of the Hawaiian islands had been ef fected. This statement of Major General MacArthur's has just been made pub lic thru the report of Colonel Jones to Governor Carter. JOHN G00DN0W ARRIVES THE CONSUL GENERAL IS THERE, BUT EXPECTED CHARGES AGAINST HIM HAVEN'T AR RIVED. 7 From Th Journal Bureau, Colorado Building, Washington. Washington, Dec. 10.Consul Gen eral John Goodnow arrived in Wash ington this morning, accompanied by his wife, and registered at the New Willard. Before 9 o'clock he went out with his wife and. has hot returned at this hour. He has not been at the state department or at the White House. Inquiry at the state department and White House discloses that the charges against Goodnow, referred to in the dispatches several days ago, have not yet reached Washington. Ad vance letters, however, addressed to a leading member of congress state that they are on their way and were taken from Shanghai by the steam ship Hongkong Maru. They may ar rive any day. Goodnow did not come home for the purpose of answering these charges, so far as the state depart ment knows.- He is on his regular annual leave, and Assistant Secretary Pierce says that the department did not know that charges were being prepared at the,, time his leave was granted. And il does not know it now, except thru various newspaper Articles If the charges arrive while he is in this country the department, will request him to prolong his leave so that he may see them. This, of course, he will be glad to do. As stated in T h e Journal the other day, it is not known whether these forthcoming charges are new or whether they relate to the sub jects on which former charges were based. Goodnow has a number of enemies at Shanghai, and the govern ment understands this so thoroly that it will move with great caution. W. W: Jermane. LeipzigDr. Helnicke has proved by experi ments with animals that systematic exposure to x-rays, already known to be harmful to the sklni Is also very damaging to the internal organs, es pecially the spleen and brain, resulting in death after emacKtlon, fear, languor and prostra tion. 2_ -4 The President Refuses to Accede to Request of Wall Street Financiers. This, It Is Said, Accounts for the Recent Stories of Oppo- sition. Hanna, However, Has Declined to Lead Campaign Against the - New porker. New York Sun Special Service. - " '. ' Washington, Dec. 10.President Roosevelt has refused to make terms- -- of peace with the trust and railway " corporation leaders of New York. They approached the president with. * an offer to withdraw their opposition, to him if he would give them certain, - assurances as to his future course.' The president, declined point blank. Angered by this rejection of their proffers of peace and the failure of their plan to tie the hands of the president for the future, the big. financiers started a last desperate movement designed to bring Senator Hanna forward as a candidate for the republican nomination for president. This, too, has failed. Mr. Hanna is not willing to become a candidate with the backing of Wall street and . the support of the Illy whites of the south. These important disclosures, whicht are made on the highest authority, explain much that has been going on, above and beneath the surface during the last month. They explain Sen ator Hanna's visit to New York city* last week and the week before and the conference held there between' himself and a number of the biggest corporation men of Wall street, these conferences being sought, not by tha senator, but by the financiers. They explain the appearance of hundreds of letters in the far west in quiring if there had not been a turn of public sentiment against President! Roosevelt. ..,... Wall Street Opposition." ' " Virtually all of the opposition to President Roosevelt's nomination can now be traced directly to Wall street. It does not originate in public senti ment nor in Washington among the representatives of the -people, -nor with Senator Hanna. The Ohio sen ator refuses to be used as the tool of Wall street in its. scheme to defeat the president and to disrupt the re publican party. Three or four weeks ago President Roosevelt was approached by a rep resentative of the great interests, such as the Rockefeller-Gould com bination, J. Pierpont Morgan and E. H. Harriman. This representative wanted to ascertain if an amicable understanding not lat. commerce^ **&i V : -'? and- finance hi theo jsiw-iJ^^-?^ 6 ^ 3 i bwhom e arrivedh He said.thcould e men fox e spoke were anxious as. to the future of 11 ^ ftad no feai f f TlLy' Anything the president might do in '" - the coming- year, saying frankly that they thought the: president would feel constrained to adhere to a conserva tive policy until after the presidential election. What they were particu larly anxious about,.he explained, was the course of the president after^-he had acquired his second term and :the restraining Influences of the need of going before the bar of public opin ion .at the polls had ' been removed. Was" it hot possible for the president to give the New, York men some as surances as to his policies during his second administration? Could he not give a pledge, that nothing should be done which should destroy business confidencea promise " to abstain from acFion at home,or abroad which might have a disastrous effect upon the commercial world? Roosevelt's Reply. President Roosevelt's reply to this significant proposal was characteristic of the man. It would not be proper to give the actual words of the reply in quotation maTks, but the substance thereof can be stated with great ac curacy. The president replied that he did not know exactly what was meant by the qiiesijon. If it- meant that he was to give a promise to the effect that he should uot. forward the in terests of the United States in its for eign relations as occasion arose, he certainly could not give any such pledge as that which ha,d been sug gested. jHe would .not tie his hands by any general promise. He should, go on just as he had been going, do ing his duty as he saw it. If the question meant that as to prosecution of trusts or unlawful com binations, he should bind himself to do nothing in the future, he most cer tainly could not assent to such a pro posal. He was not going out with a' club in his hands trying to smash every combination which bore the name of trust, but just as he had pro secuted the Northern Securities com pany he might find it necessary to prosecute other companies in case the final decision of the courts proves to be favorable to the government. Just as he used/federal troops to suppress labor lawlessness in Arizona, so- he would use troops anywhere occasion might demand. ._. '., Declines to Give Pledges. ' "And finally," said .the president, "as to pledges riot to upset the busi ness prosperity, of the country, if any such pledges are necessary as a condi tion to my re-election I am not fit to be re-elected at all. I decline.to give any pledges." Moreover, the president had the foregoing conversation in mind and wished to serve notice upon all who are interested when he wrote as fol lows in his annual message: "There- shall be no backward step. If in the workings of the laws it proves desirable that they shall at any point be expended or amplified, the amend ment can be made as its desirability is shown. Meanwhile they are being administered with judgment, but with insistence upon obedience to them, and this need has been exemplified ii signal fashion by the events of the past year." OCCUPY GUANTANAMO The United States Formally Takes Pos session of Naval Station. Guantanamo, Cuba, Dec. 10.^-Four hun dred United States marines and 800 blue jackets were landed here to-day and par ticipated in the simple proceedings mark ing the formal occupancy of'this place as a United States naval station and the In stalling of the station ship. The-Cuban j and American flags were saluted with twenty-one gunst. Columbus, OhioThe 0i commission on uni form laws recommends no divorce ahall.be grant ed for any cause arising prior to residence in, this state which was not ground for djjorc*, i where the cause atou. n**k^ *' : \ A