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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, December 10, 1903, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1903-12-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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Member of the Canadian Parliament
Delivers a Forceful Address
in Boston.
Says Canada Must Decide Shortly
Between Reciprocity and Cham
berlain's Flan.
Declares the TJ. S. Will Drive Her to
Ohamberlainism Under Pres
ent Laws.
Boston. Dec. 10."The critical
hour is at hand when Canada will
have arrived at the parting of the
ways, and must decide whether
she shall cultivate the intimate
and natural relations with the
United States or whether she shall
put up her tariff wall against that
country and become a component
part of a great imperial trade fed
eration. The United States can
decide that the latter shall be the
case by maintaining its present
tariff policy." .
This was the conclusion of a force
ful address delivered by John Charl
ton, member of the Canadian parlia
ment, upon the subject of "Reciprocity
With Canada" before the Boston
chamber of commerce to-day.
Mr. Charlton, who is also a mem
ber of the United States and British
joint commission, created in 1897 to
deal with the trade relations between
the countries, is by birth an American
and owns extensive interests in Michi
gan. He is considered as one of the
foremost champions of reciprocity.in
The tenor of Mr. Charlton's address
was that the United States must grant
more liberal tariff provisions or Can
adian tariff rates would be eventually
advanced. Absolute free trade be
tween the two countries could not yet
be attained, he said, but the nearer
it could be approached the better. At
the present moment two great fiscal
questions were engaging the attention
of the Canadian and the American
people. These were reciprocity between
Canada and the United States and
preferential trade between Great Brit
ain and her colonies.
Loyalty to the empire and a feeling
of soreness toward the United States
for alleged unfair treatment on tariff
arrangements predisposed the Cana
dian people to look with favor upon
the preferential trade arrangement
outlined by Mr. Chamberlain. A close
investigation of the matter would,
however, demonstrate that reciprocity
of trade with the United States would
offer vastly greater advantages to Can
ada than the British preference that
Mr. Chamberlain proposed and the
consideration of the question would be
one where sentiment would ' . be op
posed to interest. It was not to be
understood that reciprocity meant the
removal of duties upon all articles
It would
mainly to natural products.
Mr. Charlton discussed the objec
tions of the AmerieftrTTaVmerand lum
berman to Canadian reciprocity. He
claimed that their fear that their busi
ness would be injured was a. ground
less one.
Czarina's Illness Only Delays the
Signing of a Russo-Japanese
The Czar Has Already Signed a Pre
liminary Agreement to Be
Sent to Japan.
Paris. Dec. 10.-Definite informa
tion ha3 b on received here to the
effect that che czar has signed his
approval of the general conditions
preliminary to a Russo - Japanese
agreement. Further information re
ceived shows them to be on the same
general line of the peace negotiations
as outlined in the dispatches of the
Associated Press.
It now develops that the overtures
were formulated after the conferences
between Admiral Alexieff, the Russian
viceroy in the far east, and the
Japanese authorities, the results being
entrusted to Admiral Alexieff to for
ward to St. Petersburg. The czar's
approval of them will be communi
cated to Japan, when it is expected
the negotiations will proceed toward
a conclusion.
The pessimistic reports from Tokio
are believed by the officials here to
reflect the feeling aroused over the
delays preceding the czar's approval
of the general conditions for a Russo
Japanese agreement. The delays
were unavoidable incidents of the
czarina's serious illness.
It is confidently believed that
Japan's early receipt of official infor
mation regarding Russia's pacific
course will result in a similar im
provement in the Japanese aspect.
necessarily be conflnedj
Passengers on Chicago Cars Refuse
to Pay Fares to Nonunion
Crew, Said to Be Strike Breakers in
Recent Troubles, Injured by
Union Sympathizers.
Chicago, Dec. 10.In a riot to-day,
growing out of the recent strike on
the Chicago city railway, p car. was
wrecked by a mob of union sym
pathizers who furiously attacked the
nonunion conductor and motorman,
badly injuring both.
The crew of the car escaped into
a nearby building, where they were
guarded by police. The riot occurred
on the Halstead street line, near
Archer avenue, and was participated
In by hundreds of men and boys.
Forced to flee from the car, the
nonunion men were knocked.off their
feet and severely pummeled. Strug
gling up again, the victims fled in
different directions, pursued by the
crowd. The mob, falling to recap
ture the fugitives, returned to the car,
which had been abandoned, and
wreaked vengeance upon the convey
ance, destroying the woodwork and
rendering the coach unfit for use. A
patrol wagon load of police meantime
rescued the two nonunionists.
As a result of the riot street car
traffic on the line was suspended for
nearly an hour and hundreds of pas
sengers were delayed.
Threatened to Shoot.
The nonunion conductor probably
owes his life to Policeman John
O'Hara, who quickly grasped the sit
uation and in the nick of time threw
open the front door leading to a priv
ate residence. O'Hara shouted to the
man to take refuge within. Then the
policeman appeared at a window and
with revolver drawn threatened to
shoot any one who attempted to enter.
The trouble occurred owing to the
refusal of passengers, among them
several women, to pay fares to the
conductor, who wore no union button.
When the nickels were refused him
he announced that the car would stop
unless the money was paid.
At this several of the passengers in
the car seized him while others pro
ceeded to the front platform and or
dered the motorman to start the car.
At first the motorman refused but
when one of the passengers exhibited
a revolver he started the car and did
not stop until Archer avenue was
Then he leaped from the convey
ance and ran, pursued by a crowd of
men. The conductor was then at
tacked. Both of the victims, it is said,
were employed as strike breakers dur
ing the recent strike.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 10.The sum of
$12,500,000 In paper, money was burned
yesterday by the state bank. This amount
was issued In notes during the month of
August to meet anticipated trade de
mands, but since the end of the grain
'. season the money has no longer been
I nosded.
Delays Negotiations and Assembles
Supplies for War the While.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 10.Since the
czar's return to the capital the negotia
tions with Japan have been more active,
but no Information regarding the negotia
tions has been communicated to the dip
lomats, far less to private individuals. A
correspondent making inquiries was In
formed that the questions at Issue had
been exhaustively discussed, the stand
point of each party denned and definite
proposals had been submitted and consid
ered. There was no reason for supposing
that these would not furnish a basis for
a settlement in principle.
Large shipments from England and Eu
rope of many kinds of war materials, apart
from coal, are said to be expected at Nag
asaki shortly..
Japan Conciliatory.
Tokio, Dec. 10.By private representa
tions to the members of the diet the Jap
anese government has succeeded in defer
ring a discussion of the Russo-Japanese
dispute during the delay in the negotia
Prime Minister Katsura and Marquis Ito
have succeeded in assuring the members
that all the necessary steps have been
takclh tov support Japan's interests in
_ ... China and Korea. Nevertheless the mem
ber a 0 f the. opposition, wfio-oomprise the
. | majority in the diet, are prepared to pro-
" ceed to extremes if the Russian answer
and the government's attitude toward it
are not satisfactory.
The government is prepared to exercise
its right to dissolve the lower house if
the opposition threatens to embarrass tue
negotiations or upset the policy adopted.
There is no suggestion of the government
weakening In the matter.
M. Pavloff, the Russian minister to
Korea, accompanied by the admiral com
manding the fleet, had an audience with
the emperor yesterday and renewed his
protest against the opening of Yongampho
to foreign commerce.
Members of Oregon Delegation Deny
Story That They Are Sore on
From The Journal Bureau, Colorado Building,
Washington, Dec. 10.Senator
Mitchell of Oregon authorizes The
Journal to deny the story that the
Oregon delegation has told the presi
dent or anybody else that the state is
likely to go democratic or against
Roosevelt on account of the way
Speaker Cannon treated Representa
tive Hermann in committee assign
ments. Nor is the delegation "sore"
at the president over the way Her
mann was treated, for the president
has no more to do with appointments
of committees of congress than he has
with appointments of committees of
the Oregon legislature.
This is purely a matter of congres
sional procedure and the executive
could not interfere without calling
forth protests from both houses.
Mitchell says the delegation was
anxious to have Hermann put on the
river and harbor committee but the
speaker could not see his way clear to
do it and there the whole matter
ended. The delegation is not "sore,"
has not seen the president since con
gress opened and Mitchell has only
been at the White House once and that
before the committees were named.
Said he:
As a matter of fact, I may say Her
mann himself is responsible for what has
happened. He wanted rivers and harbors
and made his campaign for election on the
pledge that he would get that assignment,
but Jones, of Washington, who has been
in congress for years, had prior claims to
the place, and as the Pacific northwest
could have but one representative on the
committee, Hermann was left off, It
was the intention of Speaker Cannon to
give Hermann another good assignment,
but after he found out how Hermann was
talking and acting he purposely placed
him where he did. There is no sentiment
in the state to hold Roosevelt responsible.
The story to that effect has been started
by.Hermann, who is disappointed and bit
ter toward Cannon and everybody else.
W. W. Jermane.
Havenor Admits Plan to* Freeze Out Min
Special to The Journal.
Milwaukee, Wis., Dec. 10.President
Havenor of the Milwaukee club admitted
to-day that there had been a movement
t drop'Minneapolis. St. Paul and Kan
sas City from the American association,
but he states that the deal will not go
thru. He admitted, too. that the mag
na?es had talked of consolidation with
Eastern league clubs, but said that the
., deal was off for this season at least.
A Syndicate of Minneapolis Capital
ists Perfects Agreement With.
Canadian Government.
Ambitious Plans Already Made for
Industrial Development at
Koochiching Falls
Flour and Pulp Mills Are Projected
Initial Expenditure Will
Exceed $1,000,000.
According to a dispatch from Win
nipeg, the Minneapolis syndicate that
has long been seeking to control the
water power afforded by the Rainy
river at Koochiching, Minn., on the
international boundary, has . finally
succeeded. E. W. Backus, W. S.
Brooks and Thomas H. Shevlin, of
this syndicate, are reported to have
signed an agreement yesterday at To-
............tmiimiHiiMiwimmiim w i
ronto with Canadian capitalists and
representatives of the.. Ontario pro
vincial government. Ten thousand
horse pow'er will be developed at
once, half at Koochiching and half at
Fort Frances, Ont., on the opposite
side of the river. A big pulp mill
and two 1,000-barrel flour mills will
be built. The first cost of the enter
prise will be $1,000,000.
None of the known members of the
syndicate is now in Minneapolis. At
the local offices of Messrs. Backus,
Brooks and Shevlin.it was-said to-day
that no details had been received as
to the. results of the negotiations in
The efforts of the syndicate to se
cure the important properties about
Koochiching began two years ago.
Since then Mr. Backus and his asso
ciates are said. to. have secured con
trol of the greater part of the Koo
chiching townsite as well as other
land in the vicinity of the falls. Es
timates indicate that these falls may
ultimately develop as much as 40,000
horse power.
Various Industries are expected at
the new Soo, which will probably be
rechristened International Falls. The
flour mills on the* Canadian side will
be enabled to grind on cheaper terms
the bulk of the Canadian wheat now
shipped to Minneapolis to be milled in
bond. The new industrial center will
occupy a position of advantage on
the Canadian Northern railroad be
tween Winnipeg and Port Arthur.
Opposition to the plan* of the
American syndicate has been largely
of a political nature. One demand
that has apparently been granted was
that half of the power developed
should be used exclusively for Cana
dian industries.
Papers In Northern Iowa Case Forwarded
Without Comment.
From the Journal Bureau, Colorado Building,
Washington. "Washington, Dec 10.All papers in the
case of the collector for northern Iowa,
charged with certain offenses by his for
mer deputy, Milton How, have reached
Commissioner Yorks and have been for
warded by him to Seci'etary. Shaw without
Secretary* Shaw is in New York, but
will be back to-morrow. It is understood
that he will not make any recommenda
tion, but will forward the papers to the
president for such action as he may see
fit to take. '-.*/
Governor Cummins Called Home by the
Illness of His Mother.
Boston, Dec. 10.Governor Albert .Cum^
mins of Iowa, who had come to Boston as
the guest of the Boston Merchants' asso
ciation and was to speak at the asoscia
tion's banquet to-"hight, has been recalled
to his home by news of the impending
death of his mother..
gagfe^ XgW
Fact That a Thoro Investigation Is
to B_e Made* Now Taken
for Granted.
Polygamy, However, Will Not
Alleged Against the Junior
Utah Senator*
Washington, Dec. 10.Congression-
al callers at the White House are
manifesting increased interest in the
case involving the seat of Senator
Smoot of Utah and indications now
are that the contest which, it is as
serted, is' certain to result from the
present agitation will rival in ' im
portance and in earnestness the case
of Brigham H. Roberts before the
house of representatives a few yeaae
ago While the president is familiar
with the developments thus far in
the Smoot case, no effort is being made
by either side to draw him into the
controversy, the realization being gen-
HannaNo Cat's Paw of Me, Mr. Monk!
eral that it involves a question which
the serate must determine for itself.
That a thoro investigation of the
subject will be made by the senate
committee on privileges and elections
now appears to be beyond doubt.
A Thoro Investigation.
By those who are pressing the in
vestigation it is said It will be more
comprehensive and searching than any
similar inquiry ever has been. An ef
iort -will be made to ascertain ac
curately the attitude of the Mormon
church toward the government of the
United States and to learn whether or
not a member of that organization is
bound by any pledge or oath the tak
ing of which is incompatible with his
oath as a senator of the United
It is believed by some, at least, of
those who are opposing Senator Smoot
that any effort made to prove he is a
polygamist would result in failure and
while that point cannot be said to
have been abandoned absolutely, it is
quite certain the opposition will con
centrate its endeavors to prove that
the position he holds in the Mormon
church is incompatible with the oath
of allegiance he has taken to the
United States. That proof must be
ample in the opinion of senators be
fore he can be unseated.
As to the ability of the opposition
to Senator Smoot to establish such a
proposition there is a wide divergence
of opinion among the senators, but
there is a pretty general agreement
that if it should be established, its
result would be the unseating of the
Utah senator.
Former City Clerk of Grand Rapids Joins
Grand Rapids, Mich., Dec. 10.Isaac P.
Lamoreaux, former city clerk, the only
one of the last batch of respondents for
whom warrants were issued in connection
with the water deal who had not previous
ly appeared, waived examination to-day
and was bound over to the superior court.
Lamoreaux is in close touch with the
prosecution, and went to the office of
Prosecutor Ward before going to c%urt
He said to a reporter: "I have made a
full statement to Mr. Ward about my
connection with the water deal, and it
will all come out in due time."
- W. W. Jermane.
Newspaper Correspondent Says He
Was Told of Plot to Kill
Be Says Furthermore that the Plot Was
Hatched in a Spanish -
Wood Paid No Attention and the
President Was Killed as
New York Sua Speoial Service.
New York, Dec. 10.George Eu
gene Bryson, a well-known newspa
per correspondent, cables the follow
ing story from Havana:
I am in a position to make the star
tling allegation that General Wood,
while military governor of Cuba,
learned months before the opening of
the Pan-American exposition at Buf-
The Rear Admiral Passes Away After
V Long Illness.
Strathford, Conn., Dec. 10.Rear Ad
miral Bancroft Gherardi, retired, died at
his residence here to-day. - ./
Seize Time's Forelock.
New Orleans, Dec. 10.-The Beard
of Trade is organizing a $5,000,000
steamship line to run between here
and the orient by way of the proposed
,. Panama canaL - *
^Okl- .jJjfe' ~J. .. -
falo that the assassination there of
President McKinley had been planned
b anarchists in, the Spanish prison at
Montjuich and at Berne, and that, in
the event of General Porflrio Diaz,
president of Mexico, attending the
fair, an attempt on his life also was
to be made.
The information was brought from
Europe direct to Havana by a young
Italian. newspaper correspondent who
served with the Cuban insurgents
here, was~ captured by Spanish troops
and sent a prisoner to Spain prior -to
the outbreak, of hostilities, between the
United States and Spainbeing con
fined in Montjuich castle, Barcelona,
where he overheard the plot. Escape
ing from prison, he returned to Cuba,
under assignment from a Paris paper,
to cover the constituent assembly,
which drafted the Cuban constitution
how in effect.,
Upon his arrival here he presented
himself at the palace, seeking a pri
vate interview with General Wood,
who referred him to Major Caziare,
then, at the head of the government
secret service and local police.
Told Story of Plot.
He told the story of the Montjuich
plot to Wood's representative and of
fered for a small consideration to
draw sketches of the principal anar
chist leaders connected with the same
for use of the Washington secret serv
ice In taking whatever precautionary
steps might be decided upon to safe
guard President McKinley, President
Diaz and the heads of any other gov
ernments who might attend the ex
But instead of receiving Wood's
thanks the correspondent was sent
from Cuba, aboard a vessel bound for
Vera Cruz, Mexico., communications
being sent by the head of the Havana
police to the authorities of Mexico to
say he was a dangerous character and
deserving to be watched.
Shortly after reaching the City of
Mexico, the young Italian was arrest
ed, upon an evidently trumped-up
charge of having attempted to steal
some diamonds belonging to a wealthy
citizen of the republic,: convicted for
a long term and sent to the Belen
penitentiary, in which he is yet a pris
The name of the young Italian is
Mario Victor Divizzia. He was a cap
tain in the Italian army that was de
feated in Abyssinia, according to his
own statement, but was stricken from
the army lists at home for having
joined the Cuban revolution while en
joying a year's leave' of absence, to
travel abroad. - ''
Stole Spanish Plans.
While a prisoner in Havana, await
ing transportation to Barcelona to
serve his time in.the Montjuich prison,
the Italian managed to steal the plans
of all the Spanish fortifications from
Colonel Gago, the engineer in charge,
'."Continued on Second Page.
Promoters Announce That They Will
No Longer Fight the Trades
Delegates Are Present From Eighty
Cities and Move Is an Im
portant One.
Special to The Journal.
Chicago, Dec. 10.Building con
tractors from eighty cities in the
United States have met here and
formed a national organization. The
new body is intended to bring about
an affiliation of the local associations
and make one central and effective
combination. The' cause for organ
ization is given as the depression in
the building industry. Property own
ers and investors have become wary
of putting up large structures owing
to the fear of labor troubles. The
contractors announce that they have
ceased to fight the trade unions, and
hope to bring about national peace
thru joint trade agreements.
The chief aims and doctrines of the
promotors are as follows: To secure
for contractors equitable treatment in
their dealings with their employes to
encourage organization and the for
mation of associations of contractors
to regulate conditions among build
ing contractors to settle all disputes
by conciliation and arbitration to do
away with the sympathetic strike
where conditions are proper and em
ployes' associations exist to make
agreements with them to adopt and
use a uniform form of agreement in
making joint agreements, wages being
adjusted according to local conditions,
and to remove restrictions against the
use of any manufactured material ex
cept prison-made.
Independent contractors and supply
men fear the new association will at
tempt to force them out of the field.
They assert the contractors expect to
form a close combination "with the
labor unions now banded together in
the National Structural Building
Trades Alliance. This is both denied
and affirmed by the pi'omoters of the
The sessions will continue until to
morrow night. The Chicago building
Contractors' council is acting as host,
and has planned a series of enter
tainments. Contractors began to ar
rive last evening, and by noon to-day
nearly three hundred were.here. They
represent local councils, national
trade associations and state bodies.
General MacArthur Makes Significant
Statement at the Honolulu Mil
itary Conference.
Honolulu, Dec. 10..Major.General
MacArthur, at the military conference,
said that in all probability war will
take place between the United States
and Germany in the near future, a
fact, he added, which makes the Ha
waiian national guard of national im
portance. The Pan-Germanic doc
trine, he said, is growing among Ger
man Americans, few of whom volun
teered in the war with Spain.
He believes that German interests
are increasing to such an extent in
South America that the strain upon
the Monroe doctrine will eventually
result in a conflict. Hawaii being a
strategic point, no nation, he say's,' will
make any attempt upon the coast line
of the Pacific states until the capture
of the Hawaiian islands had been ef
This statement of Major General
MacArthur's has just been made pub
lic thru the report of Colonel Jones
to Governor Carter.
From Th Journal Bureau, Colorado Building,
Washington, Dec. 10.Consul Gen
eral John Goodnow arrived in Wash
ington this morning, accompanied by
his wife, and registered at the New
Willard. Before 9 o'clock he went out
with his wife and. has hot returned
at this hour. He has not been at
the state department or at the White
Inquiry at the state department and
White House discloses that the
charges against Goodnow, referred to
in the dispatches several days ago,
have not yet reached Washington. Ad
vance letters, however, addressed to
a leading member of congress state
that they are on their way and were
taken from Shanghai by the steam
ship Hongkong Maru. They may ar
rive any day.
Goodnow did not come home for
the purpose of answering these
charges, so far as the state depart
ment knows.- He is on his regular
annual leave, and Assistant Secretary
Pierce says that the department did
not know that charges were being
prepared at the,, time his leave was
granted. And il does not know it
now, except thru various newspaper
If the charges arrive while he is
in this country the department, will
request him to prolong his leave so
that he may see them. This, of course,
he will be glad to do.
As stated in T h e Journal the
other day, it is not known whether
these forthcoming charges are new
or whether they relate to the sub
jects on which former charges were
based. Goodnow has a number of
enemies at Shanghai, and the govern
ment understands this so thoroly that
it will move with great caution.
W. W: Jermane.
LeipzigDr. Helnicke has proved by experi
ments with animals that systematic exposure to
x-rays, already known to be harmful to the sklni
Is also very damaging to the internal organs, es
pecially the spleen and brain, resulting in death
after emacKtlon, fear, languor and prostra
The President Refuses to Accede to
Request of Wall Street
This, It Is Said, Accounts for the
Recent Stories of Oppo-
Hanna, However, Has Declined to
Lead Campaign Against the -
New porker.
New York Sun Special Service. - " '. '
Washington, Dec. 10.President
Roosevelt has refused to make terms- --
of peace with the trust and railway "
corporation leaders of New York.
They approached the president with. *
an offer to withdraw their opposition,
to him if he would give them certain, -
assurances as to his future course.'
The president, declined point blank.
Angered by this rejection of their
proffers of peace and the failure of
their plan to tie the hands of the
president for the future, the big.
financiers started a last desperate
movement designed to bring Senator
Hanna forward as a candidate for the
republican nomination for president.
This, too, has failed. Mr. Hanna is
not willing to become a candidate
with the backing of Wall street and .
the support of the Illy whites of the
These important disclosures, whicht
are made on the highest authority,
explain much that has been going on,
above and beneath the surface during
the last month. They explain Sen
ator Hanna's visit to New York city*
last week and the week before and
the conference held there between'
himself and a number of the biggest
corporation men of Wall street, these
conferences being sought, not by tha
senator, but by the financiers.
They explain the appearance of
hundreds of letters in the far west in
quiring if there had not been a turn
of public sentiment against President!
Roosevelt. ..,...
Wall Street Opposition." ' "
Virtually all of the opposition to
President Roosevelt's nomination can
now be traced directly to Wall street.
It does not originate in public senti
ment nor in Washington among the
representatives of the -people, -nor
with Senator Hanna. The Ohio sen
ator refuses to be used as the tool of
Wall street in its. scheme to defeat
the president and to disrupt the re
publican party.
Three or four weeks ago President
Roosevelt was approached by a rep
resentative of the great interests,
such as the Rockefeller-Gould com
bination, J. Pierpont Morgan and E.
H. Harriman. This representative
wanted to ascertain if an amicable
understanding not
and- finance hi theo
6 ^
3 i
arrivedh He said.thcould e men fox e
spoke were anxious as. to the future
of 11 ^ ftad no feai f f
TlLy' Anything the president might do in
'" - the coming- year, saying frankly that
they thought the: president would feel
constrained to adhere to a conserva
tive policy until after the presidential
election. What they were particu
larly anxious about,.he explained, was
the course of the president after^-he
had acquired his second term and :the
restraining Influences of the need of
going before the bar of public opin
ion .at the polls had ' been removed.
Was" it hot possible for the president
to give the New, York men some as
surances as to his policies during his
second administration? Could he not
give a pledge, that nothing should be
done which should destroy business
confidencea promise " to abstain
from acFion at home,or abroad which
might have a disastrous effect upon
the commercial world?
Roosevelt's Reply.
President Roosevelt's reply to this
significant proposal was characteristic
of the man. It would not be proper
to give the actual words of the reply
in quotation maTks, but the substance
thereof can be stated with great ac
curacy. The president replied that he
did not know exactly what was meant
by the qiiesijon. If it- meant that he
was to give a promise to the effect
that he should uot. forward the in
terests of the United States in its for
eign relations as occasion arose, he
certainly could not give any such
pledge as that which ha,d been sug
gested. jHe would .not tie his hands
by any general promise. He should,
go on just as he had been going, do
ing his duty as he saw it.
If the question meant that as to
prosecution of trusts or unlawful com
binations, he should bind himself to
do nothing in the future, he most cer
tainly could not assent to such a pro
posal. He was not going out with a'
club in his hands trying to smash
every combination which bore the
name of trust, but just as he had pro
secuted the Northern Securities com
pany he might find it necessary to
prosecute other companies in case the
final decision of the courts proves to
be favorable to the government. Just
as he used/federal troops to suppress
labor lawlessness in Arizona, so- he
would use troops anywhere occasion
might demand. ._. '.,
Declines to Give Pledges. '
"And finally," said .the president,
"as to pledges riot to upset the busi
ness prosperity, of the country, if any
such pledges are necessary as a condi
tion to my re-election I am not fit to
be re-elected at all. I decline.to give
any pledges."
Moreover, the president had the
foregoing conversation in mind and
wished to serve notice upon all who
are interested when he wrote as fol
lows in his annual message:
"There- shall be no backward step.
If in the workings of the laws it proves
desirable that they shall at any point
be expended or amplified, the amend
ment can be made as its desirability
is shown. Meanwhile they are being
administered with judgment, but with
insistence upon obedience to them,
and this need has been exemplified ii
signal fashion by the events of the
past year."
The United States Formally Takes Pos
session of Naval Station.
Guantanamo, Cuba, Dec. 10.^-Four hun
dred United States marines and 800 blue
jackets were landed here to-day and par
ticipated in the simple proceedings mark
ing the formal occupancy of'this place as
a United States naval station and the In
stalling of the station ship. The-Cuban j
and American flags were saluted with
twenty-one gunst.
Columbus, OhioThe 0i commission on uni
form laws recommends no divorce ahall.be grant
ed for any cause arising prior to residence in,
this state which was not ground for djjorc*,
i where the cause atou.
n**k^ *'
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