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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, December 21, 1903, Image 5

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W^i-^T /.'' I' ' "''- ' *
THE PLAGUE
^ "HAS FULL SWAY
UT INDIA IT MUST RU N
CX)URSE UNCHECKED.
Xhe English Find Themselves Help
leas In the Face of Passive Resist
ance to Sanitary MeasuresThe
Native, Both There and in Manila,
Avoids Most Elementary Practices
of Cleanliness.
I St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
From England's great empire in the
orient comes the disturbing news that
the plague Is raging there more fierce
ly than at .any moment since its ap
pearance seven years ago and that the
British government has resigned itself
to allowing the fell disease to run its
course unchecked. Altho more than
2,000,000 people have perished of the
Ereak,e
lagu in the Deccan since its out
and the whole of India's trade
and industry have been gravely af
fected by its ravages, the exports from
Bombay, for instance, having fallen
off to the extent of some 30 per cent,
yet the English authorities seem to
have no alternative in the matter. A
mere handful in the midst of a teem
ing population of over 300,000,000 of
natives, they find themselves helpless
in the face of the more or less passive
resistance of the whole people to en
force those measures which are neces
sary to arrest the spread of the pest.
Isolation, segregation and inoculation
have been in turn tried, without suc
cess, and have merely served to arouse
the discontent of the natives and to
damage the prestige of the govern
ment by demonstrating Its powerless
ness to enforce its commands. And
so the authorities have resigned them
selves to the inevitable, and, infected,
perhaps, by the atmosphere of fatal
ism which prevails thruout the orient,
have given up the flght against the de
crees of Providence in so far as the
plague is concerned.
The action of England in the mat
ter is of profound interest to every
maritime power, especially to those
who, like the United States, possess
colonial dependencies in the orient.
For it will be necessary to increase
the precautions against the pest at
every foreign port doing trade with
India, which now being more than
ever regarded as the home of the
plague, is destined to witness a still
greater decline of her commerce, and
consequently also of her industry than
she has suffered until now. More
over, now that the British, who are
past masters in the art of dealing with
orientals, and whose experience of the
latter extends over a period of more
than 200 years, have virtually given
up the Btrug-gle of endeavoring to in
still the principles of sanitation into
the Asiatics, and to protect the latter
from the pestilences which periodically
carry off by millions the surplus pop
ulation, it is probable that other colo
nial powers, such as Germany, France,
Russia and Holland, will follow suit,
and that in the Philippines Uncle Sam
will abandon the hopeless task of In
culcating his dusky lieges with dis
tasteful western notions of sanitation.
It was but the other day that I was
reading a letter dated from Manila,
Publishegraphithe
:
d in New York Evening
ost, a c account by one of the
United States officials there of his
own efforts and of those of his asso
ciates to arrest the spread of cholera
and of other epidemic diseases by the
introduction of some of the most ele
mentary rules of hygieneaocording
to our western ideas. The entire let
ter, from the opening sentence to the
last line, breathed the same spirit of
absolute hopelessness that has led
the British authorities in India to
abandon after seven years of the most
arduous warfare, all further flght
.gainst the progress and the spread
of the plague. It was a letter that
will have appealed to every one who,
like myself, has lived in the orient,
and who has learnt by experience that
religion, caste, time-honored cus
toms, the mode of life and, above all,
the pronounced tendency of the Abl
atio of every clime and creed, consti
tute insuperable obstacles to the suc
cessful application In the far east of
the rules of sanitation of the Occident.
Of all the vehicles of contagion
there are none that play a greater
role in the spread of the various epi
demics than water. Yet it seems im
possible to get even the most intelli
gent of the orientals to understand
the neoessity of keeping pure the wa
ter supply. High caste Hindus, who
regard oontact with even the very
shadow of a pariah as contamination,
will not hesitate to Quench their
thirst from the pool where the corpse
of some cholera-stricken native of
low degree has a few minutes previ
ously been subjected to its last ablu
tions. Peasants think nothing of
drawing their drinking water from
the same pond that receives the
drainage of their entire village, and
in Damletta, prior to the British oc
cupation of Egypt, I can recall that
the Intake of water for the various
fountains and city reservoir was situ
ated a few yards below the spot
where the open sewers, such as they
were, emptied their unsavory con
tents in the River Nile.
Worst of all are the porous earth
enware jars and the mussacks, or
goat skins, In which the water is car
infected until the crockery gets bro-
V ''''^''''MONDAY BVEmNO.'^* t - t-'&S^
ried. They are never cleaned or dis
ken or the skins burst asunder thru
mingled foulness and old age. The
major portion of the water drunk
thruout the orient is conveyed to Its
consumers In this fashion, and emi
nent scientists have shown time and
again that when once the germ of
some disease has secured a foothold
in the slimy interior of a mussack or
of an earthenware Jar it will infect
successive charges of water, no mat
ter how pure the source of the lat
ter' supply.
But the latter seldom is pure, for
the native water carrier, unable to
understand our prejudices about the
matter, in nine cases out of ten fills
his jars and h is bags from the near
est tank or pool, no matter how pol
luted.
Then there is the question of per
sonal cleanliness and that of the
houses. One finds the most majestic
of mosques and temples, the most ex
quisite and fairy-like of palaces thru
out the east, defiled by the most filthy
abominations, which apparently of
fend neither the olfactory nerves of
the natives nor yet their sense of
propriety and cleanliness. The houses
of the affuent and the huts of the
poor have each their own domestic
heaps of offal sometimes alongside,
sometimes beneath the raised floor,
which are never removed, but kept
ripe by daily additions and by the
constant rootlngs of the pariah dogs,
the vultures, the razor-backed hogs
and the other members of the beast
and bird creation that attend to scav
enger duty in the orient. The mar
kets, too, are a great breeding
ground for epidemics, and in the Phil
ippines riots were almost precipitated
in various towns and villages by the
insistence on the part of the Ameri
can authorities that the accumula
tions of centuries of rotting fish,
meat, vegetables and fruit matter
should be carted away and destroyed,
and the various market booths burnt
before any further buying and selling
was allowed there.
Fire is a favorite agent of purifica
tion employed by the white man in
the orient, one, too, that is used with
a ruthless hand, especially during the
visitations of the cholera and of the
plague, and has served to intensify the
hatred with which, in spite of all
that is said to the contrary, the for
eigner is regarded by the Asiatic. Con
vinced that the dirty conditions of the
native dwellings were.responsible for
much of the spread of the disease, the
torch has been freely applied to them!
But It has proved of no use. For
experience has shown, among other
places quite recently at Hongkong,
that the inhabitants of the houses
which had been destroyed by the
health authorities had carried Into
their newly constructed abodes the
infection of the plague by means of
insects harbored on their persons and
in their clothes. Fleas, in fact, are
pronounced responsible for the lat
est outbreak of the plague in native
quarters that had been carefully dis
infected and pronounced wholly free
from contagion.
This shows that clothesin the case
of the orientalare almost as dis
astrous in the spread of disease as is
water. Some natives, who invariably
wear the cleanest raiment, will never
wash, while others, who perform nu
merous dally ablutions, insist on re
suming and wearing their clothes,
especially those concealed from view,
until they are infested with vermin
and drop to pieces from old age. In
the end the result is the same, and,
unfortunately, the white man in the
east finds himself obliged by his sense
of propriety to Insist upon the use of
clothes, his prejudices on the score
of decency manifestly predominating
over sanitary considerations. .
ITS
cuRiosrriES O F LITERATURE.
New York Sun.
Wordsworth had just dashed off
"We Are Seven."
"That may do very well for poetry,"
he confided, "but the real truth was
that the cook wouldn't stand so many
in the family."
Feeling the poet's mission was to
cheer, he withheld this blighting in
formation from the public.
A section of the Umbrella "half" at the
. Gamossi Glove Co. Store, 610 Nicollet.
*
Byron was piping a lay to Greece.
"What a blunder," cried his friends '
"why don't you lay a pipe to oil?"
Realizing that he might have been
a multimillionaire, he wept for the
lost opportunity.
Virgil was singing of Arms and of
the Man.
"Yes," he admitted, "it was a great
mistake. It should have been of Hoofs
and of the Girl."
Sadly he perceived that he had dis
qualified himself for the Horse Show.
PRINCE CUPID'S NAME.
Boston Post.
Prince Cupid, the newly elected del
egate from Hawaii, had work break
ing into the republican caucus. He
came up to the capitol In evening
clothes, expecting to be received with
open arms. A doorkeeper stopped
him and asked:
"What do you want?"
"I'm Prince Kalautaucale," he an
swered.
"Sorry, prince, but you can't go in,"
replied the doorkeeper. "They're pull
ing off a caucus."
"Prince Cupid exhibited a bunch
of credentials to the doorkeeper, and,
being admitted to the inner circle, re
turned and told the doorkeeper. how
to pronounce his name as a reward.
Prince Cupid says the right way to
pronounce his name Is "Kal-e-any-o-
c-la," and he ought to know.
4 ^
T1TFj
JAPAN HAS LOSTm
: AN OPPORIUlfY
RUSSIA IS TOO FAR ALONG IN
MANCHURIA ALREADY.
The Fortifications at Port Arthur and
the Siberian Railway the Factors
Manchuria Is Already a Russian
- Colony and So Governed. ,u,,^.-^'
TETANUS CONQUERED
Dread Disease Responds to Injections of
Carbollo Acid Solution.
Philadelphia Record.
The recovery of 9-year-old Joseph Tracey, of
Germantown avenue and Jefferson street, who
lay in a critical condition in St. Mary's hospital
for nearly two months suffering from tetanus,
is regarded as most remarkable. The boy has
responded to the antitoxin of carbolic and hypo
dermic injections of carbolic acid solution, and
the physicians say be will be able to leave the
hospital in a few days.
The lad was run over by a train on the
Philadelphia & Reading railway at Glrard and
Germantown avenues on July 29, and several
Angers were cut off the right band and the arm
was badly lacerated. He was taken to the
hospital, and about two weeks later tetanus de
veloped. For a time the boy's life was de
spaired of. he having had fifty-four convulsions
in two hours. The physicians are Jubilant over
their success, as so few tetanus victims recover.
Mj*rNEAI
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
o London Mail.
When Russia first put her foot upon
Manchurian soil, shortly after Japan
retired after her victories over China,
the eyes of the world were turned to
the orient. Since that time many
changes have taken place.
Manchuria is no longer an integral
part of China. It is a Russian colony
with a Russian viceroy at its head,
and the question of its systematized
administration is only a question of
time. Indeed, over three years ago
when I was in Manchuria the officials,
supposed to represent the "Son of
Heaven," were nothing more than a lot
of marionettes dancing in helpless re
sponse to Russia's pulls. , "
At that time, had Japan taken up a
determined policy, there would have
still been hopes of her being, what she
should be by her geographical' posi
tion, the predominating power in the
far east. She, however, let her op
portunity go by, and now, even if she
could obtain the-ascendency, the- task
before her is tenfold more difficult,
The Great Siberian railway is no long
er a dream, but ari accomplished fact,
thru the agency of which many legions
have poured into Manchuria. There
are to-day over 100,000 men in Man
churia, and more are arriving all the
time.
UntriedUntaken.
Port Arthur, bristling with guns,
and manned with material which has
immortalized Eylau, frowns defiance
at the world, and no one has yet ac
cepted the challenge. Since the Box
er outrages this stronghold has been
improved in many respects. All the
machinery of Pei Yang arsenal, near
Tientsin, captured by the allies in 1900,
has been added to its already splendid
workshops the basin of its harbor
has been deepened so that ships of all
sizes can navigate it with ease large
stores of all kinds, have been stacked
in readiness for emergency new bar
racks have been built new guns have
been mounted new ramparts con
structed and, in fact, nothing has
been left undone to make it what
nature has destined it to be, one of the
world's strongest fortifications. Im
pregnable from all points, a safe
refuge for ships under all circum
stances, Port Arthur would be the
most important base of supplies to the
Russian army in Liao Tung in time of
war.
Russia's attitude is one of increas
ing confidence in herself. Long ere
this, had the treaty between the island
empires of the east and west been one
of more substantial value, her move
ments would have meant war. If the
taking of Manchuria is not the de
struction of the Integrity of the Chi
neses empire, what is it? But it is
becoming more and more evident that
the - famous Anglo-Japanese alliance
was calculated to have a stronger
moral effect upon the, northern Co
lossus than it has proved to have, and
she marches on in her bloodless con
quest from the Occident to the orient.
The next move has already been
made. Russia has her foot upon Ko
rea. At Yongampho (Roonglpu), on
the south bank of the Yalu river, she
has built a fort Rumor now has it
that it is a signal station. But what
is a signal station at this particular
point for? What does Russia wish to
signal? She wishes to signal to the
world that Korea, like Manchuria, is
to be a part of the vast expanse of
territory at the head of which rules
the "Great White Czar."
The Dim Future.
The question upon all lips at the
present moment is, "What is Japan
going to do?" The Russian minister
has Informed the Waiwupu (board of
foreign affairs) that Manchuria will
not be evacuated. As a counter-stroke
Japan informs China that she will also
take territory. But what about Ko
rea, the land whose independence cost
so many Japanese lives? Is Russia
again to reap the harvest? These are
questions which are doubtless puz
zling every one at home just as much
as they are the residents on the China
coast. Everybody speaks of war no
body knows anything definitely. It
is remarkable how little leaks out. In
Japan the people are eager for the
test, which they consider inevitable
but the government assures them time
and again that there is nothing seri
ous in the situation. There is no doubt
that the latest movementsthat
Lloyd's refuses to insure Japanese ves
sels at usual rates that no Japanese
gunboat is to winter at Newchwang
that Japan has ordered large consign
ments of Cardiff steam coal that the
Russian fleet in the far east is being
reinforced that the families of Rus
sian officers are requested not to come
to Port Arthur yetare all disquiet
ing but that is all. One thing, how
ever, is certainthat is, Russia will
not be the first to declare war.v. It is
evident that the more time she has
the more prepared she will be to re
ceive an invading army while on
other hand, the longer Japan waits
tho more difficult it will be for her to
dislodge her foe on the mainland.
BEAT A PADLOCK
Once When a Paper of Pins Would An
swer the Purpose Better.
Philadelphia Public Ledger.
A Philadelphia traveling man was on a busi
ness trip thru Alabama,, and one night found
himself stranded in a wretched little town with
only one slipshod, miserable hotel. His "room"
for the night was at the end of the hall, with a
sheet hung up to screen him from view.
In the middle of the night he woke up with his
head hanging out over one end of his cot and his
feet over the other, while a violent draught was
blowing the hanging sheet In all directions.
He called for the housekeeper.
"What do you want with the housekeeper?"
came from somewhere in the darkness.
"I want a paper of pins to lock my door
with."
CLOSED FOB REPAIRS
The Obvious Inference When the Signs **}?*.
^ '* SUCH A NICE GIRL, TOO ^
But She Had Certain Characteristics of
Her Sex.
New Xork Press.
There are people who ate fine and sincere and
Of noble simplicity of character, except when
they are buying theater tickets. A nice little
tailor-made girl, with a face like an angel and a
figure too perfect to discuss, says in a soft,
dreamy, trusting voice:
"I want two nice,1*seats for the Wednesday
matinee of this week
'
Now, there's nothing too good for that girl.
She may have whatever her heart desires, for
any mortal who has bean so exquisitely fash
ioned must of a certainty be a "darling of the
gods." And if the gods aee fit to indiscrimin
ately shower their gifts on the little heathen
that she is, why shouldn't a box office man
emulate the example as far as lies In, his
power? Making the attempt, be says:
"Here, I've got two fine seats. They're Just
two seats from the aisle in the fourth row, cen
ter, it's really one of the best locations in the
house, and as the main action occurs on this
side, you can readily see the advantage of being
stationed here." '
The box office man wants her to take those
two seats in the. fourth row. He has intimated
by word and tone how much, he thinks of them,
and he knows if she doesn't take them he'll
never smile again. He'd like to tell ber thla
and beg her to banish from her mind all
thoughts of being cheated. To cheat that girl
were a sacrilegethe .unpardonable sin. Of course
not being able to tell her these things, the per
verse little heathen with the tilted nose has
no method of ascertaining for herself, and,
furthermore, a homely chum haa warned ber
against the wiles and wickedness of box office
men. . So she says:
"I don't know what to takethese, fourth
row seats down stairs or? the first row balcony.
Which would you take it you were in my
place?"
"Me?" says the box office man, flattered by
the bestowal of confidence. "What seats would
I take? Why, I'd take these two in the fourth
row, down stairs.".
"Would you, really?" she says. "You'd soon
er take the fourth row down stairs? Well, then,
let me seo. You'd better give me the first row
balcony."
.-.. ECHO OEGAN
Called an Impossible Instrument,
Completed by a Builder.
Chicago. : John J Murdockw , manager of the
Masonic Temple theater, has built two
organs that had time and again been
declared "impossible" by old-time or
gan manufacturers, who based their
opinions upon years of practical ex
perience and numerous failures.
The successful results of years of
endeavor are now being used in the
production of a piece necessitating the
use of a pipe organ which must be
portable. It requires also an organ
that can be made to sound as from
afar offan "echo'' organ.
Organ makers, when requested by
Mr. Murdock to build either of these'
instruments, told him it could not be
done. Mr. Murdock then set to work,
and after months of patient study,
completed the only portable pipe or
gan in the world. It is in six pieces
the "big" organ weighing 2,635
pounds three smaller pieces, each
weighing 1,640 pounds the "key" or
gan, weighing 1,260 pounds, and a
smaller piece weighing 900 pounds.
It took Mr. Murdock three years to
overcome the "impossibility" in the
construction of an "echo" organ. The
organ is stationed in the rear of the
theater or in the balcony, and is
operated from the stage by the same
set of keys with which the regular
pipe organ is played.
FRENCH WRITERS
Pay Great Attention to the Shades of Ex-
- presslon in Language.
New Orleans Times-Democrat.
"Speaking of nice distinctions in the matter
of human speech," said a man who is fond of
languages, "I have often wondered why it was
that the French paid more attention to the
delicate shades of the difference, the nuances,
as one may say, in the matter of words than
other people. It has been my observation that
French writers are quicker and more sensitive
on this point than the writers of any other
country. I suppose it is due to some extent
to the fact that the French language is noted
for its delicate distinctions, some of them so sub
tle as to"challenge the closest possible scrutiny,
and even then many of them are lost. Readers,
you know, are dreadfully obtuse at times. Just
at random I,rreoali it the- moment a couple of
pretty and, fmpresalve,sinstances, from Hugo'
TNinety-Three.* He wa speaking of Tellmarchs .
'the beggar,' in the first part of the story. It
was after his discovery of the posted placard
on the top of the hill, and at a moment when he
was .wandering thru the woods alone. Hugo
says he as 'inattentive to everything,' andnote
the distinction'attention to nothing.' Your
wise copy readers would have cut that out. Yet,
is it not a pretty distinction to make? Thing
over it. Speaking of Telmarch again, he said
he 'heard' the noise of men he 'listened" to the
voices of birds. Isn't that a pretty idea? A
man can 'hear' without 'listening' and a man
can 'listen' without 'hearing.' We all know
this much. But 'the beggar' simply 'heard' the
noise of men, but 'listened' to the voices of
birds. Even the words 'noise' and 'voices' are
used almost with dramatic effect. These in
stances illustrate the point I 'have in mind, and
they show how far superior the French writers
are to the writers of any other tongue known
to me.'
BLIND MAN
Guides Himself Mainly by His Nose and
Feet.
New York Mail and Express.
There is a blind man living in the heart of
New York who walks nearly every day to a
little restaurant near Canal street. The dis
tance each way is from eighteen to twenty
blocks, according to his route, and to see him
sauntering carelessly along one would never 'sus
pect his Infirmity. When some one asked him
the other day how he managed to find bis way
so easily about the streets, he said:
"When a man has his sight, the smell of the
Btreets is all mixed up, but when ha is blind
he learns to separate them. The odors of the
shops when the doors are open these fine days are
almost as plain to the nose as the signs used to
be over the doors. Some of them you might
never notice. Take a dry goods store, for in
stance. It smells of cloth. Iron and tin have
smells of their own, and I can tell a hardware
store Immediately. I pass two bookstores nearly
every day, and I scent them yards off by the
old books. Then there area great many other
indescribable odors by which I know this place
and that.
"Of course, my feet are my principal guide,
and I've been over the same ground so often
that I have learned every Inequality by heart.
But I couldn't get along with either nose or feet
alone. They work together, and when one fails
the other helps out.. Between them they make
a very good substitute for eyes.
-. "The secret of my stepping oat is that I've
learned how to step. People who can eee hurl
themselves forward like locomotives. That's
why the shock is always so unexpectedly violent
when you collide with another person. But I
put no extra power whatever in my movements,
and if the toe of my shoe touches some un
known object I stop stock still instantly."
WHALE FARM
Proposed by Iowa Man, Who Would Oper
ate Big Dairy.
Milwaukee Sentinel.
The Iowa idea has broken out in a new form.
Dr. Latta of Colfax, Iowa, wants Iowa to profit
by an odd feature of the St. Louis world's fair,
in the way of a whale farm, to be conducted on
a water-covered pasture, the whale milk to be
sold Instead of the milk of cows or goats. He
puts the suggestion in this way:
"My proposition is to catch fat, fresh whales,
bring them up to the world's fair ground by way
of the Gulf of Mexico and Mississippi river
to a wet pasture, this pasture to be suitable for
the maintenance and the milking of these ani
mals. Now, In order that you may understand
the commercial value of the undertaking, I wUl
give yon some figures.
"Suppose we obtain thirty whales. Bach
whale has, according to the encyclopedia, thirty
breasts, each breast will supply eleven gallons
of milk twice daily each gallon is wwth SI
so that the sum total per day would be S0x30x
32, or $19,800. Each whale is good commercially
for 100 days. At the end of such period the
magnificent sum of $1,980,000 would stand to
our credit.
"All I shall ask In addition to the right of
way is that the president depose Secretary
Shaw and appoint me in his stead, so that I can
handle the dough myself awhile. This, In addi
tion to my share of the profits, will compensate
LABOUCHERE'S WEAKNESS
Prominent Englishman Is a Cigarette
Fiend of the Worst Kind. ^-Hig:
- Everybody's Magazine. W^i?
Tho enormously rich, Labouchere enjoys tew of
the ordinary pleasures that are supposed to go
with riches. He eats the simplest fare, he never
touches wintbea. e exceptswallowshiet when iss bullied into
taking a glass or two of mild claret by medical
an
d
- medicine. He has two weaknesses, one is his
love of cigarette smoking, the other a mania for
changing houses and decoration and rebuilding.
He is rarely without a cigarette in his month, In
deed, this love of smoking amounts to some
thing like a passion. Almost every half hour
even in the midst of a fierce debate or of a great
speech, Labby may be seen rising from his seat
in his lazy, Indolent manner he is going to one
of the smokerooms of the house to have his
cigarette. It la characteristic of him that he
smokes very, Inferior cigarettes. I asked *"
once what kind he smoked: "As long as there la
quantity," said Labby, with his usual sardonic
smile, "I really don't much care about quality."
Were Read-.
New York Times.
Just outside what used to be the boundary line
of the city a dilapidated church stands on a
picturesque country road. TJp its weather-beaten
sides green ivy clings tenaciously. There is a
little belfry on the edifice, in which hangs the
bell which summons the good people to worship.
The door of the church is one of the old fash
ioned styleheavy black wood with metallic
bands. /
Over the door is a Scriptural sign: "This Is
the door to heaven."
Not long ago there was a sign tacked right
under this, on the broad face of the big door,
in big black words on a white cardboard back
ground. Many parishioners smiled ishen they
read:
"doted for repair*,**
mm^jhsk'M
RULE OF LABOR
NOT SO GOOD
CYNICAL PROPHET SAYS
HAS MADID A MESS.
He Complains That Personal Liberty
Is Getting Less and Less in Austra
lia and New ZealandThe Minority
Now Said to B e Ruling the Major
ity. ' V^,-iv: :::r-:,
Cor. Ne York Herald.
From the Review of Reviews.
If there is one thing about which
all Australians and New Zealanders
are cocksure, it is that the purest type
of democracy the human race has
ever known flourishes to-day beneatr
Australian skies. From the eminence
of that delightful conviction we look
down with mild pity upon the rest of
mankind who have not yet reached
our level of political beatitude. The
latest and most highly developed form
of democratic government is that un
der which happy Australians and New
Zealanders live. But names and
things do not always agree. A name
in this imperfect world is sometimes
only a mask which hides a fact in ut
ter quarrel with the name that cov
ers it.
As a matter of sober and literal fact,
personal freedom is narrowing among
us until it threatens to be non-exist
ent. We are developing what may be
called a one-legged democracy. Demo
cratic forms are employed to accom
plish the most undemocratic results.
The outstanding, undeniable feature
of Australian politics is that under
solemnly democratic forms the inver
sion of all democracy is achieved. The
minority rules the majority. Private
freedom everywhere suffers confisca
tion. The present drift has only to be
continued for another decade and the
Australian or the New Zealander will
enjoy a smaller area of personal free
dom than any other human being out
side of Russia.
Labor members have captured the
commonwealth parliament. They
have used it to write their ideas on
the statute book. Their dominancy has
been so absolute that, as the labor
members look back, they must, like
Warren Hastings, be lost in wonder
at their own moderation. Sir Ed
mund Barton, at their bidding, put a
fool's cap on the head of Australia,
in the shape of the Immortal clause
intended to paint not merely Australia
but all the seas-of the planet white
which forbids Australian letters to be
carried anywhere on board a ship that
employs so much as a colored cook.
No one can blame the labor party
for their success. They may be even
complimented on their moderation.
What other group of politicians, if
they had the same opportunity, would
not use it in the same fashion? But
here is the plain fact, the paradox and
scandal of sane politics, that in a
house of seventy-five members a
minority of twenty-three practically
rules. This may be, democracy but it
is of a limping and one-legged type.
The few rule the many the minority
stamps its will on the majority.
And Australian legislation, filtered
in this way thru labor channels, has
in every detail, and at every point,
the vice of its origin. It effects, tho
}t does not professedly aim at, the
establishment of class rule the rule
of a class over the nation, of an organ
ized minority over a disorganized ma
jority. It legislates for the few at the
cost of the many. While talking the
language of freedom, it abolishes free
dom. It is building up the most hate
ful of tyrannies, an oligarchy under
the disguise of a democracy.
Mr. Siddon has promised to bring in
a bill which will compel all employers
to give preference to unionists as
against nonunlonists! The majority
of registered workers, in the exercise
of their, freedom, refuse to join the
unions as a punishment, they are to
be deprived of the chance of employ
ment! The majority, that is, are
robbed by the law of their right to
disagree with the minority and dem
ocratic institutions are employed to
accomplish so highly undemocratic a
result!
And the bitter humor of the situ
tion lies in the revelation this incident
makes of the inner mind of the labor
party about all workers not included
in the unions. They feel toward them
as high-class Brahmins feel toward
pariahs. They are scarcely to be re
garded as human beings they may
be justly denied the common privileges
of civilization! A good unionist will,
of course, refuse, if he can, to work
with a nonunionist he will also refuse
to eat with him, to sleep under the
same roof, to live In the same town
with him. He feels toward him as a
Spanish inquisitor felt towards her
etics nay, in the case of a fellow
unionist who departs from the faith
and leaves the union, he feels as that
same inquisitor might have felt to
ward, say, a converted Jew who had
relapsed. His .mood of feeling in this
matter has the fervors, and sometimes
employs the language, of a topsy-tur
vy religion. The hate of a unionist
toward a free laborer outruns time.
Here is the sort of poetry expended
In labor organs on the "blackleg":
Oh, who would rob us of our bread,
Who cause our wives sad tears to shed,
And lay our children with the dead?
The blackleg!
Who, when the pangs of death are near.
Is choked with hell's continual fear
Without a friend to linger near?
The blacklegI
Who, when the end arrives at last,
And all the shame and wrong are past,
Still finds himself in hell outcast,
In memory's.blacklist posted fast?
The blackleg!
And the "blackleg," thus cursed with
bell, book and candle, and pursued
with hate into eternity Itself, is sim
ply a free man in a free country, who
claims the most rudimentary of all
liberties, the liberty of selling his la
bor on what terms he pleases!
he a tho it were
Seamen on native river craft In China get #8
a month on seagoing Chinese ytasch, $8. Obey
IXttcnlab. thai* mm food.
FEATS OF MEMORY*
In order to secure certification of his milk
by the milk commission of New Yokr city, the
dairyman must have a clean cement floor stable
with whitewashed walls and abundant windows.
Cows must be sponged and their tails scrubbed
before each milking. White suite must be worn
by attendants, bottle* and utensils scalded and
filled bottles kept on ica sad shipped mly la ia
COGHLAN'S SEARCHLIGHTS
Scared Central American Revolutionists
More than Guns.
Kansas City Star.
Dr. Charles S. Elliott, a Kansas City physician,
returned yesterday from Honduras, Central Amer
ica, where, with several other Kansas City men,
he has 15,000 acres In banana plantations. He
left San Pedro, thirty miles in the Interior,
where the largest plantation is, Tuesday, Oct.
27. Dr. Elliott had been there nearly a year
and went thru the Honduras' revolution last
spring. He saya it Is characteristic of the peo*
.pie of all South American and Central Ameri
can republics to imagine their country la a great
international power.
"They thrash each other," be said yesterday,
"and firmly believe they can whip any nation on
earth. The presence of American warships off
the coast last spring had a very good effect.
When Bear Admiral Coghlan's fleet was stationed
at Puerto Cortes he took a moat effective means
of impressing the natives. He trained the
three big searchlights of his flagship, the Olym
pla, upon the town and played up and down the
coast with them. The reflection of the light
was visible far into the Interior. An American
at Bio Blanco, twenty-five miles to from Puerto
Cortes, said men and. women fell upon their
knees in prayer for deliverance from the evil
one. At Tela* another coast town, Admiral
Coghlan repeated the maneuver. In the morning
a delegation of the townspeople was sent to ask
him what- their fate would be. The admiral
told them to behave and he would see that no
harm came to them."
A BUSINESS VIEW.
Cbioago Poet.
"He goes to church regularly now, I under
stand."
"See."
"And be never used to go before?" - '
"No." "What's the reasonr*
"In a generous moment ho was induced to
subscribe to the church fund, and his business
training teaches him to always get the worth
of his money. If they'd got a hundred dollars
more from him he'd go to both morning and
evening service."
Of Lightning Said to Be Responsible for
" Damage Done.
Nature.
The following particulars of the circum
stances attending a lightning flash are
perhaps worth recording.
A cedar tree (deodar) fifty feet high
stood at a distance considerably less than
its own height from a house at Engle
fleld Green. The lady of the house was
sitting watching the storm, but in such
a position that she could not sea the
cedar, but could see a large part of an
araucaria, the common ("monkey puzzle")
just outside her window, and only thirty
or forty feet from the cedar. While
watching this tree the lady saw, as she
thought, a "rod" or "stick" of fire come
crashing down thru its branchesbeating
them down so that she distinctly saw
them rebound. This was accompanied by
a fearful noise as of a thousand pistol
cracks, beside which, however, the lady
had an impression of hearing the branches
of the araucaria beating together, and im
mediately afterward a cloud as of steam
rose from the lawn on which the trees
stood. It was found that the cedar tree
had been entirely wrecked. About fifteen
feet of the top was broken off, and ap
parently fell straight downsticking in
the ground almost vertically:close to the
stump of the tree. The main portion of
the trunk, to about four feet from the
ground, was roughly split in twofalling
right and leftOne half being further
burst into several pieces. There was the
usual "smell of sulphur," but no sign of
scorching on either of the trees.
A gentleman who saw the flash from a
distance of about one-third of a mile noted
that it was a straight (nonforked) flash
from a cloud low down. Other observers
noted flashes of a similar character during
the same storm.
The cedar tree was in vigorous growth,
full of sap, and well above its immediate
surroundings, but there were elms and a
lime tree of greater height within fifty
yards of it.
The movement and the "fire" in the
branches of the araucaria seems to me to
suggest an electrostaic effecta side
splash rather than the mere reflection of
the flash which struck the cedar. Could
the beating down of the branches be ex
plained as the result of the sudden pulse
in the air? What produced the cloud of
"steam?" It would be interesting to have
the opinion of an authority on lightning
discharges with regard to these points.
C\
Many Wonderful Instances Recorded of
the Ancients.
New 3fork Press.
Question: It It better to remember than to
forget? The a&swer depends on the matter.
Much has been said about the marvelous feats
of memory performed by Senator Depew and
Mayor Low in repeating off-hand, word for
word, a written speech of 2.000 or 8,000 words
after dinner. I take It thatthese gentlemen
have said the Same thing so often in post-pran
dial orations that It would be difficult for them
to omit a word or phrase. A far more wonderful
feat Is that of the general delivery clerk In the
poatofflcc, who looks tor John Jarvus' mall to
day for the first time, and when John Jarvus
puts his face at the window ten years hence will
look in the same box for the same name without
walhpg. for Mr. Jarvus to announce who he is.
The jmemory may be cultivated to an extraordi
nary degree, as all a.re Aware. Seneca, the Bo
man rhetorician, was able to repeat 2,000 words
upon once hearing them, each In Its order, tho
they, had no dependence of connection on each
other. Pontius Latro retained in his memory
all tha orations he had ever spoken, without
failing In even a single word. Cyneas, ambas
sador to the Romans from King Pyrrhus, in one
day so well learned the names of his audience
that the next morning he saluted the whole
senate and all the populace assembled each by his
name. Gyrus know every soldier in bis army
by name, and Sciplo had a peaking acquaint
ance with all the cittsena of Rome. Heir TOO
TJienblin, a celebrated German scholar, was once
clerk In a bank of Copenhagen, In which ca
pacity he gave proof of miraculous memory by
restoring from recollection alone, the entire con
tents of a leaf in the bank ledger which had
been lost by fraud or accident.
&m
STRANGE MUSEUM?
fe. *'--
Of Priceless Valuable* Is the Treasury of
the Sultan.
New York Commercial.
The treasury of his Ottoman majesty la one
of the most remarkable sights in Constantinople.
There may be seen a throne of solid gold, studded
with 10,000 pearls as big as filberts the most
exquisite specimens of ancient armor, damascened
with gold and silver and gemmed with rubles,
sapphires, emeralds and even diamonds, bang
side by side with modern umbrellas and dressing
bags, with Ivory handles and fittings manufac
tured In the Palais Royal there are serried
ranks of bowls brimful of uncut gems and price
less fans that may have belonged to Mme. de
Pompadour clocks, big and little, by the hun
dreds: watches and opera glasses. Some of the
most beautiful Sevres china In the world Is here,
sent by Louis XIV. to Saltan Mustapha and
leaning against the finest vase Is a black lace
parasol with a coral handle that the Empress
Eugenie gave to Mehrl Sultana, the unfortunate
wife of Abdul Aziz. In the earn* case is a
mannikin fashioned oat of a pearl as big as a
pigeon's egg, with an opal for a face and a
ruby as large as a hazel nut by way of a turban.
In the separate chamber there is a ghastly col.
lection of, waxen effigies of "long since departed
sultana."
I T
MISTAKE IN THE "JONES"
And the Embarrassment that It Caused
the Rector*
New Xork xiines. .
A few daya following a recent uptown wed
ding, the officiating clergyman requested a friend
to' nave an advertisement of the marriage in
serted in the papers. The friend first ascertained
the cost, and then wrote to the rector for in
struction, when the dominie replied: "Pat it lu,
Jones will pay the freight."
Now It happened that the friend had been
discussing the wedding with- a Mr. Jones, a near
relative of the bridegroom, and, going to a tele
phone, called up Jones ana explained the circum
stances to him.
A rather astonished voice replied: "All right
put it In.** *
The clergyman, on meeting the friend later
said: "I want to pay you for that advertise-
ment."
"You do not owe tor that. Jones paid the
bill."
"What?"
"Why,f did you not tell me Jones would pay?"
"Well, I had It charged to Jones.'*
"What Jones 7' '"'-
"The bridegroom's brother-in-law." ~ ~
For a moment the rector looked as tho he
were going to have a stroke, then said: "Why, I
meant that old Joke, 'Jones will pay the freight,'
meaning by Jones myself."
A new rifle with which the United States army
is to be shortly equipped is said to have an
effective range at five miles, and to be the
lightest rifle ever devised.
The Only One
I in the World.
S We have an immense assortment of the purest sweets, prepared
V: for our biff Christmas trade. Finest line of
Chocolates and Bon Boris
in fancy baskets,, hoses and imported novelty packages. , All kinds of
Mixed Candies, Nuts, Candy Canes,
y Beads, and Christmas Tree Ornaments.
\ Everything to delight the little ones. It is. the immense.A!
fe# business that ire do that enables us to sell at prices far below "^
ri?o other dealers. ,
FIRST CASE?,
Of Ear Grafting on Record Proves a
i\. * h1
f Complet e Success , a %*"* ?
i &ir"i New York World. *\ '
As a friend of Dr. Andrew L. Nelden
I was permitted to view his celebrated
patient,
uponfro
whom he has grafted a
T 'liXing " ear m the head of a man
Who sold his ear for $5,000.
Except for a slight swelling and in*
flammation the ear had a perfectly*
normal appearance. So far as "fit"
was concerned Dr. Nelden has copied
nature with scrupulous exactness.
From lobe to tip' there was no Indica
tion that the tissues had shrunk, and
the healthy redness of the member
showed that complete circulation had
been established.
Dr. Nelden removed with infinite
care a silver needle which had been
passed thru the side of the ear under
the cuticle of the scalp to serve as a
skewer in holding It in a flat, ^natural
Seen
osition, and a silver wire which had
fastened to the tip of the ear and
secured over the head to prevent it
from "lopping" until the increasing
circulation had sufficiently strength
ened the tissues.
After Dr. Nelden had removed these
supports I sg,w the ear retain of Itself
a normal position. The scars of, the
stitches-which had held the ear to the
patient's head are still apparent, but
Dr. Nelden says they will not be vis
ible when the wounds heal. There
was much congealed blood about the
ear, as no attempt had been made to
wash the wound for fear of disturbing,
even in the slightest degree, the unit
ing tissues. Swellings were noticeable
both above and immediately back of
the ear, and at the side of the face
just below the cheek bone. Dr. Nelden
said these swelling presented no men
ace to the ear.
The patient still wore over the side
and back of his head the plaster of
paris shield which had served as a
foundation for the solid plaster of
paris cast which had held his head to
that of the man from whom he had
purchased the ear.
The patient now enjoys as good
hearing as he did before he lost his
ear. Dr. Nelden believes that com
plete circulation will exert itself in the
grafted ear within a few weeks. The
ear will probably be without feeling,
however, as the nerves will not grow
with the other tissues. Two eminent
surgeons of this city viewed Dr. Nel
den's patient and spoke of the work
in the warmest praise.
An e mlnent physician, Dr. James Cantlie, re
asserts a statement he made soiye years ago that
the Londoner, pure and simple, disappears after
the third generation..
t
EXPLOSIVE ACTION
Two Trains Daily.
St. Paul and Minneapolis to Butte,
Helena, Spokane, Seattle, Tacoraa,
Portland, via the Northern Pacific.
"North Coast Limited" leaves at 10:45
a. m. Pacific Express at 10.45 p. m.
Pullman, Tourist and Dining "Cars,
steam heat and wide vestibules. Elec
tric lights on the "Limited." City
office, No. 19 Nicollet House block. '
Doctors Agree
That it is more hygienic to sleep in a
cool room under warm covers than in,
a warm room. With North Star woolen
blankets "you'll need no other heat.
We are selling at our mills at a dis
count from 80 to 40 per cent what we
cair"seconds," but few people can find
the flaw. North Star Woolen Mills
company, 228 Second street S, Minne
apolis.
The "North Coast limited"
Of the Northern Pacific, with its
close, broad vestibules, steam heat,
electric lights, tourist and standard
Pullman sleeping cars, modern dining
cars, and observation cars, with bath,
smoing-rooms, library, barber, etc., is
Just the train for winter travel across
the continent. City office, No. 19 Nicol
let House block.
i\s.ttracKett Ctt
Notice, EarlyOrders Receive
Best Attention. Do Not
Delay Ordering Until the
Last Day Before Xmas.
Butter, Valley'Creamery, best made*
per % gal jars, $1.30.
Cheese, rich Michigan, worth 15o
per lb, 10%c.
Olives, large Queen, a bargain, per,
qt, 25c.
Catsup, quart bottles, 12%c.
Maple Syrup, Michigan, per gal tins,
60c.
Oranges, good size Navels, per doz-
22c.
Grape Fruit, Florida, each, 12c.
Cranberries, sound fruit, per qt, 9c,
Mixed Nuts, fresh, per lb, 15 c.
Almonds, fancy shelled, per lb, 82c,
Pecans, shelled, per lb, 44c.
Ginger, crystallized, per lb, 35 c.
Mixed Candy, per lb, 10c.
Bon Bona, Erench Cream, 5-lhi
boxes, $1.3 0*
Raisins, good table quality, 6-lbj
boxes, 44c.
Plum Pudding, G. & D., 1-lb can,
22c.
Asparagus Tips, per can, 23c.
Corn, Meat, Oneida Communityt
worth 15c, per can, lie.
Peas, best French, regular 25c, per
^can, 19c.
Mushrooms, extra choice, per can,
20c.
Marmalade, genuine imported, per
jar, 18c.
Maraschino Cherries, large size, per
bottle, 70c.
Port Wine, absolutely pure, quart
bottles, 35c per gal, $1.
Bauternes, Chateau Yquem, a fa
mous Christmas wine, per bottle,
58c.
Cocktails, home-made, Manhattan,
78c.
Malt Extract, a wonderful tonic,
per- doz, $1.18, -!t
FANCY TURKEYS, CmCKENS,
DUCKS AND GEESE.
Standard Oysters, per qt, 29c. * *
7 lbs Spring Lamb Stew for 25 c ,
Ijamb Steak, per lb, 9 c.
Pork Loin Roasts, per lb, 8c. ' *
Little Pig Sausage, per lb, 10 c
Pork Tenderloins, per lb, 18c. 'H"
Veal Roasts, per lb, 10c to 12c
Frankford Sausage, per pkg, 13o
Candles
Retnetnber^CotiM early and boy your Candies at the
New York Candy Store,
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245 Nicollet
Avenue.
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