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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, May 18, 1904, Image 14

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1904-05-18/ed-1/seq-14/

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One month $0.83
Thre" month* .....1.00
Saturday ETC. edition, 28 to 36 pages 1 60
Delivered by Carrier.
One week S cents
One month 35 cents
All papers are continued until an explicit order
Is received for discontinuance, and until all ar
rearage* are paid.
THE JOURNAL Is published every evening ex
cept Sanday, at 47-49 Fourth Street South. Jour
Dal Building, Minneapolis, Minn.
Will find The Journal on file as follows:
LONDONli S Express Co.. 99 Strand Amerl
can Express Co 8 Waterloo place.
DENMARK S Legation.
PARISEagle Bureau. 53 Rue Cambon Resi
dent? visiting Paris can have their mall of
telegrams sent care of this Bureau and the
same will be forwarded to them or held for
their arrival.
AN INVITATION Is extended to all to visit
the Press Room which Is the finest in the west.
The battery of presses consists of three four
deck Goes Proses, with a total capacity of
144,000 eight page Journals an hour, printed,
rolded and counted The best time to call la
from 8 IS to 4 30 p. Inquire at the busi
ness office and be directed to the visitors' gal
Lake Traffic Paralyzed.
Unless the lake carriers and the
masters and pilots can get together
so on this will be a most disastrous
year for business on the lakes. The
seas on was backward and navigation
late in opening. Now that he lakes
are open labor trouble is on. Seventy.
four large vessels lie at Milwaukee
docks and about 170 are tied up in all
at lake ports.
he effect is extremely bad. These
floating properties, costing large sums
to build and continued expense to
maintain, would have to make the
most of a short seas on in any case,
and every additional day's delay
means so much greater loss. Mean
while the men who sail he lakes and
the army of men who find employ
ment about the docks and warehouses,
are earning little. In all no less than
100,000 men are directly or indirectly
date it is a deadlock. he Mas
ters and Pilots' association insists that
their wage compensation is not ade
quate. The owners reply that they
have had to face steadily increasing
cost of operating, that this season the
ratio of operating expens es is higher
than ever and that they cann ot gra nt
the concessions demanded.
The poor shipper is in between he
millstones and is having a hard time
of it.
One pha se of the situation which
makes the case peculiar is th at he
members of the Masters and Pilots'
association hold government licenses
and no one may act as a pilot who is
not licensed This makes it practically
Impossible to fill their places. They
have a monopoly of the business and
are supported in their monopoly by
the government license regulations.
N trust in the country is more com
pletely protected in its monopoly than
this organization of masters and
pilots by the license laws.
It is said that the men on one of the
street car lines have agreed that hereafter
they will offer their seats to ladies only
when in their judgment the lady is older
than the man who makes the offer That
looks like a bright idea, but it may make
Two Ways of Treating Crime.
Some exceedingly interesting figures
with regard to the money expended
upon he restraint and prosecution of
criminals by the city of Minneapolis,
appe ar in another colum n. These
figures are compiled by a visitor for
the Associated Charities, and a sp e
cialist in the treatme nt of crime and
Its attenda nt evils. he figures have
be en prepared by the aid of city and
county officials and seem to represent
i the facts.
The allotment of he entire expen se
of he police force to the side of re
straint and prosecution or punishment
of cri me may be questioned, inasmuch
as the police serve some purposes
which may be regarded as not strictly
In he way of restraining or punishing
I crime, or even he protection of the
public against crime. W should
doubtless need some policemen, tho
not nearly as many, if we had no
thieves, burglars, footpads or murder
ers to punish. It is true, howeve r,
th at the police force has mainly to do
with the protection of the public
against the depredations of he crim
I inal class, and he argument fr om
I the se figures is that the first and wiser
thing to do is to remove as far as pos-
New York Office,
Tribune building.
Chicago Office,
Tribune building
W. W Jermane, Chief of Washington
Bureau. 901 902 Colorado Building. North
western visitors to Washington invited to
make use of reception-room, library, sta
tionery, telephone and telegraph facilities.
Central location, Fourteenth and streets
sible those causes which produce the
criminal class.
P. This is a phase of he general sub
Ject of criminology which is coming to
attract more attention as we come to
be mo re practical in our methods of
government. W are beginni ng to
realize that it is more businesslike,
I more economical, to say nothing of
any other considerations, to remove
those causes and conditions and in-
fluences which produce he criminal
i class than it is to allow them to oper
ate without much restraint, devoting
our time and resources more energet
ically to the punishment of crime after
it is committed. Not only special
students of social conditions, but the
public generally, is coming to a keener
i realization of the truth that we have
be en neglecting he most effective
1 measures for the elevation of public
I morali ty and have expended our ener
I gles entirely too much upon dealing
with effects rather than causes.
W know better and do better in
most other things. It is time we were
doing better in this connection. And
as a wideawake, progressive, intelli
gent community it belongs to Minne
apolis to take account of the facts set
forth in he statement referred to and
,proceed to act acordingly. The old
maxim th at "an ounce of prevention
is worth a pound of cure" applies no-
where mo re forcibly than In he field
of public morals, if it be conceded that
punishment and restraint are to be
regarded as really effective curative
Of Bourse, it is not assumed that
this community is doing nothing to
remove he causes of crime. Nu
merous agencies are at work in that
direction. But aside from what may
be credited to the public schools prac
tically nothing is done at public ex
pense. The Society for the Preven
tion of Cruelty to Children, he Hu
mane Society, the Children's Aid So
ciety, the various church organiza
tions, houses of refuge, etc., are serv
ing the purpose for which they are in
tended, and are doing it well, but with
the exception of a sma ll contribution
to one of these institutions out of the
public treasury, the entire burden is
borne by private subscription, and the
public has nothing to do with it.
Just here we venture to introduce
again the illustration offered by Judge
Tuthlll in his recent address in this
city, where he raised the question
whether if the matter of restraint and
punishment of crime, now performed
by the state, were turned over to a
private individual on a contract, as a
business proposition, th at individual
would not at once recognize he fact
that it would be economical and
profitable to him to adopt effective
measure's to remove he causes of
crime in order that he might be bur
dened with less expen se for he re
straint and punishment of criminals.
The point is we ll taken. The illus
tration is fair.
A rush order from Japan for fifteen
locomotives to be shipped to Kobe has
been entered by a Philadelphia firm Here
goes a slice off the credit Japan estab
lished in America when she negotiated her
$50,000,000 loan. Estimates are that Ja
pan has about $15,000,000 to her credit in
our country, but at the rate she is buying
it will not last long, and another loan
will be in order.
Directors Supposed to Direct.
To-day brings the announcement
th at the Western Union Telegraph
company will withdraw its service
fr om the poolrooms. The district at
torney threatens to attack the com
pany in he New York courts, and
the Commercial Telegraphers' Union
of America has be en considering
making an attack upon the company's
charter, on the ground th at the com
pany has conspired to eva de he law.
This airing of he connections be
tween he telegra ph company and he
poolrooms is only one incident of he
general fight upon graft in New York,
but it is the feature of leading inter
est to the commercial world, because
it involves a great corporation known
to" every one.
Perhaps the telegraph company
should not be judged too harshly. Its
president justly says that the com
pany is obliged by aw to transmit
message s, and may not discriminate.
Nevertheless, the evidence would in
dicate th at in this case the company,
or at least he company's employee s,
have gone beyond this and have fos
tered and abetted the poolroom busi
The result of it all may be to give
rise to more definite ideas concern
ing the duties of a corporate director.
The odium of this affair has stirred
up he .directors, and one of them, no
less a personage than Chauncey M.
Depew, says:
It has been a year since I attended a
meeting of the board of directors of the
Western Union, and I am not at all in
formed on the charges which have been
brought against the company in connec
tion with the operation of poolrooms in
New York
Furthermore, Senator Depew says
he will not perm it his name to re
main on the board of any corporation
standing for anything tainted with
illegality, and that unless the compa
ny does differently, he will resign.
This is high ground, but it is taken
rather late. The public may well
wonder what a director is for if not
to direct. Here is a man of great
prominence, whose name gives weight
to any company he may be connected
wit h, who is a member of the board
of a $100,000,000 corporation, and
frankly admits that he knows nothing
about its affairs.
This is all wron g. It is just this
sort of thing that has enabled unscr u
pulous promoters too often to obtain
the names of prominent men to head
companies th at have proved swindl es
and in which many innoce nt investors
have lost money. he Western Union
is a great, sound company, engaged
in serving the public, but if its di
rectors know no more of its manage
ment than Senator Depew knovvs, how
may we be sure that any prom
nent name really means anything
when attached to a corporation board?
The Illinois republican convention has
brought out one interesting feature of the
situation In that state and that is that the
politics of Illinois are no longer controlled
from Washington. Senator Cullom, Sen
ator Hopkins and a large number of the
congressmen favor Lowden for governor
and have been trying to induce the dele
gates to nominate him, but the delegates
seem to take the view that they are the
people who make senators and congress
men and governor and that they will nom
inate whom they please without any in
structions from Washington.
Flower Gardens in Municipal
Apropos of the Vacation Gardeni ng
club that is bei ng started among he
boys of he Minneapolis public
schools, it is interesting to observe
what has be en accomplished along this
line in Cleveland, as described by
Mr. J. M. Bowles in the current
World 's Work. Cleveland has a home
gardening association which is at
tempting to beautify an entire city
and is meanwhile actually supporting
itself. Unlike he Minneapolis idea,
which is more economic than orna
mental in its purposes, the Cleveland
organisation has for its primary ob
ject he planting of flowers, vines and
shru bs in unsightly places. The asso
ciation furnishes seeds which are
plant ed in 25,000 home gardens.
Every child in he public schools is
enabled to have a garden in summer
At a low estimate Minneapolis, during
1903, spent $311,691 for the care and prose
cution of criminals$256,695 being the
city's current expenses for that purpose
and $54,996 Mr Condlt's estimate of the
city's share of the county expenses for the
same object. This amount represents only
the current expenses for the year. It
neither takes into account the valuation
of property, such as police stations, work
house, jail and permanent repairs upon
them, nor does it include yearly interest
on the bonds.
In addition Superintendent Barton esti
mates one-third of the expenses of the
city poor department and the city poor
farm might be charged up to expense on
account of crime
The current expense of the public
schools for 1903 was $884,407 Aside from
this the only amount the city pays greater
than that expended because of crime is
$365,000 for the support of the fire depart
ment. Hence, crime costs the city an
amount very nearly second to the cost
for education A more liberal and none
the less accurate estimate would raise It
to first place below the school expenses.
Here we have $311,691, paid every year
to punish a man after he has committed
the crime
So much for punishment Now what
for prevention? The public school is the
only agency suppoited by the state that
can be called preventive, and that there
is any direct relation between crime and
education is seriously questioned by many.
So far education is partial to the intel
lectual side Some one has said the
schools aie a formal, dusty routine of
dried usefulness which is a boy-forsaken
country, bounded on the north by the
tong vacation and on the south by half
holidays, on the east by tardy marks and
on the west by the truant officer We
may well ask is the city fair to its citi
zens to expend such sums in punishment
at one end and and so little prevention
at the other' Experience plainly has
taught us that punishment is but the
slightest deterrent of crime We may
sweep away the spider webs, but until the
spider is killed he spins merrily on
Is it not the first duty of the city
to do its utmost to remove causes frpm
which crime springs
and in the winter months the school
rooms are brightened by thousands pf
flowering bulbs.
In 1900, 49,000 packages of seeds
were sold at 1 cent each and the re
ceipts covered all expenses. In 1903
the sale of more th an 132,000 pack
ages resulted in profit enough to pay
for twenty-four stereopticon lectures
and to provide prizes for flower shows
in the schools.
The result of this work has be en
remarkable, the appearance of the
worst parts of the city has be en trans
formedev en in he crowded districts,
beds of bright flowers are seen on all
There is room in Mineapolis for
work along this line, if it could be
taken in hand by some vigorous asso
ciation. W have had some efforts in
the past to encourage flower gardens,
but it cann ot be said that he most un
sightly parts of the city have be en af
fected. Minneapolis has some very
extensive regions which are dreary
and desolate, dirty and untidy, that
could be altogether changed in ap
pearance by the introduction he re of
such an undertaking as th at which has
beautified Cleveland.
Kuropatkin is reported to have skipped
to Harbin, leaving Alexieff at Liao-yang.
Alex seems to be playing the part of the
sop thrown to the hungry pursuers to
divert their attention long enough to en
able the real thing to get away.
Wasn't it Mark Twain who declared
that polygamy was forbidden by that pas
sage in the scriptures that says no man
can serve two masters? Let us be pre
pared to meet our Mormon friends in ar
The Wisconsin democrats declare for
free trade Well, they might as well go
to the Wall on that issue as on any other
Foyer Chat.
The matinee performance of "The Great
Unknown" at the Metropolitan this aftei
noon showed a gratifying increase In at
tendance "The Great Unknown" will run
the week out To-morrow morning the
sale of seats will open for the production
next week of the new Japanese play "O
Kiku San."
That "Uncle Tom's Cabin" is still a
strong drawing card is being demonstrat
ed by the big audiences at the Bijou this
Ben Hendricks, the Pwedish dialect
comedian and Northland singer, comes to
the Bijou next week, presenting Sidney
Ellis' new romantic play, "Erik of Swe
The Bon Tons, now plavmg an engage
ment at the Dewey theater, offer many
new features in the vaudeville line The
chorus is also a large and well-drilled ag
gregation of pretty show girls There will
be the usual ladies' matinee Friday.
Two large audiences saw the Ferris
Stock company production of "Dr Jekyll
and Mr Hyde" at the Lyceum yesterday.
The midweek matinee will be given to
morrow For the coming week the Ferris
company, including Miss Alison Skip
worth, the new leading lady, will be seen
in "A Contented Woman."
New York Times
"Who is that little senator with the
tousled hair and the sarcastic smile, with
his under lip stuck out?" asked a New
York woman visitor in the senate gallery.
"That is Mr. Spooner of Wisconsin,"
said the Washington woman who was
showing her around.
"T thought so," she commented. "His
clothes show plainly that they couldn't
have been made anywhere but in Wis
Back of them was sitting another
woman, who overheard the conversation.
She compressed her lips tightly, walked
out of the gallery with a resolute air, pro
ceeded to the marble room and summoned
Mr Spooner out of the senate.
"John," she said, firmly, "I have just
overheard a conversation Which I am go
ing to repeat to you, because it proves
that I am right. You know, I have al
ways told you that you shouldn't have
your clothes made in New York."
Henry J. Ackerman has been living in
a dugout near Pueblo, Col., for six years.
Formerly he was a well-to-do resident of
Brooklyn. In 1898, while cruising in his
yacht, he met and fell in love with a
young woman. She married another man,
whereupon Ackerman left his home and
took up his abode in his present quarters,
where he has lived a hermit's life ever
Hundreds of Thousands Annually for Restraint and Punishment of
Criminals, but Scarcely a Dollar of Public Money for Removal
of the Causes of Crime.
A glance at the state expenses shows
the enormous amount of $6,000,000 in
vested in asylums, orphanages, reforma
tories and prisons, and another million for
running expenses, to which Minneapolis
contributes her full shareall this spent
in secondary work. We work with might
and main to redeem those already fallen,
and do nothing to save others from fall
Truly, a never-ending farce!
If it be true that the early years of
our life make usfor good or badmust
we not look for help to the home and
first school years, the two bulwarks of
American civilization? Seventy per cent
of juvenile offenders come from homes of
'disorder and confusion, nor are the par
ents greatly to be blamed they are often
pitifully helpless. The Journal has.
already pointed out the chasm that ex
ists between the foreign-born parent and
the American public school child educated
away from his parents Add to this the
fact that 81 per cent of all children leave
school at 14 years of age, and we see
the necessity of using every possible so
cial as well as intellectual power while
we have the child with us. For after
all the criminal is only a social misfitone
who objects to the accepted Ideals of law
and order
We can help make the home a real
home by giving more attention to the
adult. Professor Edmund James of North
western university says. "Every school
house should be the center of a system
of adult education as well as infantile
and youthful education Every city
schoolhouse ought to contain a large, well
equipped, well-ventilated auditorium, able
to take in of an evening, for purposes
of further education and instruction, the
parents of the children who attend it in
the day time
The city offers allurements the wav
of saloons, dance halls and gambling
roomshighways to crimebut it offers
almost nothing in the way of clean amuse
ment. Is it not time to demand that at
least a little of the $311,691 be turned in
to this other channel? And certainly it
can be done in no easier or better way
than by cementing relation between the
home and the school, giving children and
parents a higher ideal of social duty.
E. Irene Osgood.
i ii aft i
A Horse Steppeth on the Pastor at Noon
tide, but He Recovereth Himself and
Indlteth a Psalm ^on the Vanity of Life
Lo, Things Are at Loose Ends and We
Are as Those Wtto Are Thrown Out at
Second Base.
It was cruel itfdeed, the fate our pastor,
the Rev. G. L., met the other afternoon.
He was not even lyn down by an auto
mobile, no lady poked his eye out With
her umbrella, nor |i the nurse girl run
over him with the perambulator, nor the
grocery delivery bov get him It was
worse even than all these A hoss stepped
on him' In the country the acme of dis
respectability is to be cow-kicked. In tho
city, it is to be stepped on by a common
horse. After a man has dodged bicycles
and automobiles, to be stepped on bv a
simple horse" Well, well, something
wrong somewhere'
The pastor was on Lake street preparing
to take the lowrvmobile He was medi
tating metaphors, similes and climaxes
for a little effort before the lodge of the
High and Accepted Rollers, when th
horse came along, planted his forefeet on
his shoulders, looked into his frank, open
countenance and exclaimed, "No, it is not
he," and passed on The pastor was some
what shaken up, but ho boarded the car
and quieted his mind by reflection
"Man Is of little moment and standeth
but a vain show for safety'
He riseth up in the morning and call
eth out -Aha' and rejoiceth like the elm
trees of Inglewood.
"But at noontide the horse steppeth on
him and he is brought low, yea, his roar
ings are heard in the streets
"If he surviveth, it is as nought, for
at eventide the meat trust layeth hands
on the table spread before him and he
payeth tribute to the oil king
"His rest is troubled by the thought of
the tax gatherer and the coal man saith
of him, 'He is my prey
"Then I said, 'How long' and the reply
came 'About a million years, the way
things are going now
"And I thought within myself and said
'Lo, it behooveth us to look a little out'
Farm, Stock and Home, our agricultural
authority, gives this valuable advice:
"Neither dehorn nor paint in fly-time
We have not done much in live stock on
our upper 80, but we are always careful
never to dehat In fly-time.
Alderman Hunter of Chicago says that
municipal reform drives people away from
a city. "If we keep on with this reform
Ing," says the alderman, "pretty soon
there will be nobody here
Well, It does drive out the grafters and
bums, and almost any city can stagger
along minus that element of population
Nebraska papers are boosting hard for
John L. Webster for somethingvice
president or minister to New Jersey or
something. The only John whose re
nown has extended beyond state lines is
Mr. Sullivan of Boston
The busy bee never hesitates to tackle
something a good deal larger than it is.
On to Mukden.
_____ i
Harlem ha3 a plague of fleas. Experts
say that they are imported from Naples,
the new Italo-Americans furnishing them
free ocean passage with board/
The postoffice department has issued a
fraud order against the Columbia Scien
tific Academy of New York, and F.
Robertson, its president. Inspector Crow
ell told the department that at the time
he made the investigation of the concern
it had sold 20,000 scholarships or courses,
at $25 each and upward and was doing
a rushing business The courses wefe
personal magnetism and magnetic healing,
scientific character reading from the
hand, Ki-Magi, a system of physical cul
ture, and the X-ray faculty and scientific
sight by which a man could look thru the
side of the house Seems If a professor
must be something of a personal magnet
when he can draw $500,000 for long dis
tance promises of this kind
Here it Is at last. The editor of the
Medical Bulletin of Philadelphia, Dr. John
V. Shoemaker, declares that the use of
sterilized or of pasteurized milk "lays the
foundation of such disease of the blood
and blood-making organs and the bones,
as well as other important organs and
tissues, that the result is Seen in de
formed, distorted, weak and stunted crea
"Theoretically," it is stated, "an ideal
product had been evolved as a substitute
for mother's milk. Human infants, how
ever, are not nourished upon mathemati
cal formulae Notwithstanding the elab
orate attempts, these scientifically hu
manized preparations have proved of less
value than" good, pure cow's" milk."
But the trouble is that it is easier to get
a erood, pure cow than to obtain a good
pure milkman. The milkman knows that
if he puts formaldehyde in his milk, it will
not sour. The temptation is great and the
milkman Is mortal*
Notwith8tahdinw&*lt is up to you to
know exactiy^,hajLktnd of food the in
fant is doing, hfOest to build up into
good, _te^baby.)*|:., 4 *t^-A. J. Rgf
The "alley cat" has been denounced by
Washington doctors as the latest discov
ered carrier of "disease germs," and one
of the citizens' asso
ciations, in which the
capital abounds, has
passed formal resolu
tions declaring for a
war on poor pussy.
The district commis
sioners are besought to kill all cats which
are not licensed, and to compel the licen
sing of all cats not killed There are said
to be three thousand superfluous cats in
Washington. The unusually high price of
ueck furs has created a great demand for
all skins which will scve as substitute
for mink, squirrel or fox.
City Doctors
Alley Cats.
A new kind of a life-belt has been dis
covered which may be worn under the
clothes, and is no more noticeable, when
not in use, than a
chest-protector. And
yet it has the marvel
ous quality of at once
becoming buoyant and
keeping the wearer
head and shoulders
above water, two seconds from the time
an accident hapens The department of
commerce and labor has received a de
scription of the apparatus from Consul
Jackson, who witnessed some trials off
the French coast The belt works on the
principle of acetylene gas, which is pro
duced by the addition of water to car
bide of calcium There is a device at each
end of the belt resembling a cartridge, and
the water which strikes this, when the
wearer goes overboard, sets off the charge
of chemicals, and, by the time the victim
is ready to breathe he finds himself float
ing comfortably head and "shoulders in the
Life Preserver
Utilizes Gas
For Floating.
The secretary of war and congressional
committee appointed for the purpose ex
pect soon to take up the matter of erect
ing the statue of Kos
Statue of cluszko, which is to
adorn one of the coi
Koscluszko ners of Lafayette
Square, opposite the
White House Just to Be Placed.
Aged Democrat
With the growing difficulty, as it ap
pears to politicians in this city, of nomi
nating Parker, Gorman, Folk, Towne or
any of the radical can
didates, the name of
Judge George Gray of
the United States cir
cuit court of Delaware
is receiving quiet but
serious consideration.
Judge Gray has served the public in nu
merous capacities. began as the at
torney general for the state of Delaware
twenty-four years ago, he was a delegate
to the democratic national convention in
1876J and to the Cincinnati convention in
1880 and the Chicago convention in 1884
When Thomas Bayard was appointed
secretary of state Judge Gray was elected
to the vacancy caused in the United
States senate. He was twice re-elected.
He then began serving on public commis
sions, first on the one which met at Que
bec.August, 1898, to arbitrate certain con
troversies between the United States and
Canada, and then was a member of the
cemmission which met at Paris in 18&8 to
arrange terms of peace between the
United States and Spain In 1902 Judge
Gray was made chairman of the board of
arbitration which settled the strike in the
Pennsylvania coal fields. As a democrat
Judge Gray always *has been "regular"
and it is thought ho might serve as a
compromise candidate between the differ
ing factions.
Judge Gray
as Compromise
for Democrats.
Asked to Chisel
automobile engine of the gasolene
riety and having twelve horsepower
strength, which made it very effective.
MAY 18, 1904.
1 A
Augustus St. Gaudens has been invited
to be the sculptor of the proposed statue burden and an obstacle to social success
Of Baron von Steuben which is to stand
in this city in Lafay
St. Gaudens ette square, opposite
the White House. Mr.
St Gaudens has the
matter under consider
ation, but has not re
turned a definite reply.
a Monument.
The well-known sculptor has been spend
ing several weeks In Washington this
winter, and, with Mrs St Gaudens, has
received much social attention.
A French inventor has made a boat
which successfully drains the water which
comes in over the sideh tnru a big hole
in the bottom The
Hole In Boat boat is non-sinkable,
i non capsizable and
Makes It a non swampable, and
of course is a lifeboat
Life Saver. It was one of the in
ventions tested in the
presence of thousands of people at La
Rochelle, and details of its construction
have been reported to the department ot
commerce and labor by our consul at that
The Henry boat is something like a cat
If it is raised into the air and dropped
headforemost, or stern foremost or any
other way, it strikes on its keel, right side
up with rare It has been tested with an
There was once a young fish couple
who set up housekeeping under a broad
rock They would have been very happy
had it not been that in the crotch of the
willow which overhung their pool a pair
of bluejays had built their nest Mrs
Bluejay, with her fine feathers, her loud
voice and, most of all, her home in the
tree, became poor little Mrs Fish's ideal
She talked to her husband so much
about her desire to live in a tree that he
finally lost patience "Well, my dear," he
said, "fishes cannot live in the top of
treesyou know thatbut we might move
back into the roots of the willow tree,
where I lived when I was a bach-
This did not ^atisfv Mrs Fish at all.
and the next day, when her husband had
gone down stream, she was very much
excited to see a hook and line dangling
thru the water "There," she said to her
self, "that is my opportunity I will climb
up that line and sit in the tree Then I
can talk to that elegant Mrs Bluejay and
learn from her just how to set about liv
ing in a nest
She smoothed her scales and hurried up
to the hook Got a bite' cried th small toward"neveer th water wheBluejav, a stubby littlee
boy who was holdingr the endehfhtfuel
The Author of "The Issues of Life."
The women chosen to represent the
tendency to shun maternal obligations are
club women, so called, who belonged to
a lunch club in New York, the like of
which seasoned club women scoff at as
never having existed and never likely to
exist Into this circle of social degen
erates is introduced a happy young
mother, Madeleine Dillon, who becomes
infected with the dangerous theories of
her confreres, who regard children as a
of the rod
He gave a jerk,,d and Mrs Fih flew high bucket
Flurry of Discussion Is Due with Regard
to Mrs. John Van Vorst's "The Issues of
Life," a Purpose Novel Involving the
"Race Suicide" QuestionClub Women
Ridicule the Idea of Such an Organiza
tion as That Which Enters Into Story
Other Books.
Purpose novels are seldom enjoyable
reading and their literary claims are not
great, but they often prove storm centeis
before its close con-| of discussion that help to give them a wide
gress passed a resolution authorizing the)currency The Issues of Life, by Mrs.
acceptance of a statue, to be erected at John Van Vorst, by reason of its subject
the expense of the Polish-American citi
zens of the United States Theodore M.
He'inski is president of the central com
mittee of Polish organizations, and it
was thru him that the offer came Sen
ator George Wetmore of Rhode Island
and Representative James McCleary of
Minnesota, chairmen of the senate and
house library committees, are to act in
conjunction with the secretary of war in
choosing the site
and by leason of its very faults of exag
geration, is a novel that is likely to cre
ate a flurry of discussion among club
women and "advanced women generally,
and especially among the critics of these
The book is the outgrowth of the famous
"race suicide" letter of President Roose
velt used as a preface to Mrs Van Vorst's
previous sociological study, '"Ihe Woman
Who Toils." Mrs Van Vorst is undoubted
ly sincere in her interest in her problem,
but the reader cannot escape the lmpres-
__,_,, sion that she would never have written
At the age of 82 years Henry Davis this book, at least at this time, had not
of West Virginia has returned to active the "race suicide" phrase focused atten-
politics, and will be one of the delegates tion on this question in a way practically
from that state to the, to assure the success of a book dealing
democratic national with it The result is that the whole ap
convention. It ia pears forced and not fully assimilated by
twenty years since this the writer,
veteran of democracy
to Politics. retired from the United
States senate, after
serving there for twelve years He be
gan his political career the years follow
ing the civil war by being elected to the
West Virginia assembly, and began at
tending national democratic conventions
in 1868.
ment she flitted thru the willow leaves Billy Spiker found her very good eating
like a bird. Ihen she came down plump for his supper.
reclaimed to the simple happiness
domestic life by a series of startling
tragedies in this club circle and by the
almost supernatural level-headedness of
her husband.
There is no plot to speak of, only an
argument, the incident being attached
to this very loosely. Several of these have
much merit both of execution and thought.
The stiong scene of the book is the visit
of Mrs Penfold, the woman of the world
who has chosen the path of race suicide,
to Dr Morrison, a famous specialist In
this interview and one later with Made
leine's husband he says most of the real
earnest, fine things in the book, and,
altho his virtuous qualities seem rather
overdrawn, he is the most admirable and
nearest normal of any of the character's
This little bit of the conversation with
Ahda contains the kernel of it and of Mrs.
Van Vorst's praiseworthy purpose:
"Life is very short said Allda. "and my aim
is to develop mvel in everr wav I possibly can
Isn't that legitimate' Whv should women more
then men be made to sacrifice'"
"Tueii most sacred obligationmaternity,"
3aid Morrison, Is a sacrifice
"It mav ne their most sacred obligation, but It
is not their unique end and aim
"I hive had an opportunity the doctor an
sweied, "to studv a great manv women I
don't sav that all those who are mothers are
linppv bv any means but I can affirm that I
tiulv satisfied woman who
has not at some time held In ber arms a child of
her ova M S A.
"ever seen
Fifty thousand dollars has be^n placed
at the disposal of the secretary of the
treasury for the proper enteitainment of
the delegates to the international arbitra
tion congress, which
Uncle Sam to will hold its next meet
ing in the United
Entertain the States during the fall
This is the first time
Peace Party, the United States has small home, however, has had compara
tively few guides in his efforts, whereas
the millionaire has had many the latter
could always appeal to the architect, in
any event Helps to the man of the fifty
foot lot, tho, are becoming' more numer
ous, and one of these, full of good philo
sophy, lucid advice and useful diagrams
and illustrations is Little Garden?, by
Charles Skinner The book Is a "series
of hints and suggestions which may be
unendinglv diversified It is a book for
improvement associations as well as indi
viduals to study and find pleasure and
profit in.
had the honor of en
tertaining this body The Interparliamen
tary Union for the Promotion of Interna
tional Arbitrationto give the organiza
tion its full titleis composed exclusively
of members of parliaments and national
legislative bodies of the different EJuro
pean countries.
It has been decided to place the
d'Angers bust of George Washington in
the capitol building The exact spot is
still to be determined
i Will Place by the joint committee
~^r on library The bust
French Bust now reposes at the
French embassy, but
of Washington, it has been formally
accepted and thanks
tendered by a joint resolution which was
among the bills which went thru in the
rush of the windup of this session. The
donors of this bust, which is a replica of
one destroyed by the fire at the capitol in
1851, are Count de Rochambeau, Marquis
de La Fayette, Marquis de Grasse. Henry
Jouin and other citizens of France.
W. W. Jermane.
The coal bill of the Russiart ^Pacific
squadron at anchor Is said to be $1,030,000
a year. One ironclad uses twelve tons of
coal dajly for electric lighting. It Is prin
cipally Cardiff coal, which costs {17.51 a
Miss Elizabeth Robins the author of "The
Open Question has written a new novel "The
Magnetic North," Frederick A. Stokes com
The swing from the love of the city and
its many attractions back to the love of
nature in animal and plant life is show
ing itself in the "fixing up" of small sub
urban homes as well as in the "country
places" of millionaires. The owner of the
The war on the tubercle bacilli is being
waged with increasing activity The
germs may as well give up Their ulti
mate fate is as certain as" that of the vic
tim of the villain with a sandbag The
fight against them has reached the point
where even their victims are taught how
to carry on a winning fight at home. The
Self-Cure of Consumption is the title of a
little book by Charles H. Stanley Davis,
M. Ph of Connecticut The au
thor says at the outset- "One of the note
worthy advances for which the twen
tieth century promises to be distinguished
is the practical suppression of the dis-
ease." A campaign of education will prove
more deadly to the disease than any other
means, and books of the kind issued by
Mr. Davis will help such a campaign
the bank, and was struggling back
She met Mr but littl
caught her" and dropped her into a
Originator of the Successful Rexall Rem*
edy Plan.
The story of the success of the
United Drug Compa ny illustrates he
wonderf ul possibilities of brains, en
ergy and newspaper advertising. The
company has been in existence less
th an a vear and a half, and yet it is
to-day recognized as one of the lead
ing manufacturing drug concerns of
the country, and its products, all bear
ing the name of "Rexall," are known
fr om one end of he land to the other.
The Rexall plan is unique in many
way s. The organization is composed
of the leading retail druggists of the
country. Only one druggist in ea ch
city is allow ed to become a stock
holder, and he the most reliable and
he Rexall plan originated the
brain of Louis K. Liggett, the chief
stockholder and general manager of
the company. Mr. Liggett was gen
eral manager of the Vinol company
and made a remarkable record In that
It is related that he sold $15,500
worth of Vinol in three days, before
a dollar's worth of advertising had
be en done. he great drug store of
William B. Riker & Sons in New York
city, bought $10,000 of this amount
on Mr. Liggett's representations, and
in the following two days he sold
$5,500 in he same way in Baltimore
and Washington. Every dollar's wor th
of these goods, it is asserted, was sold
on regular terms, no concessions be
ing made to secure these or any other
Within two months fr om the ti me
he first thoug ht of the plan, Mr. Lig
gett had formed the largest and
strongest drug organization in the
United Statesthe United Drug Co.
"Newspaper advertising is so
valuable," he said, recently, "that I
can see no sense in wasting time in
discussing the subject. It must be
used intelligently, but newspap er ad
vertising is as essential to the manu
facture of a proprietary article as food
is to the human body.
"Look at the work we have done on
one of our new remedies, Rexall
Mucu-Tone, and vou will have an idea
of the possibilities of newspap er ad
vertising when it is judiciously
handled. A he meeting of our
stockholders on September 80, 19o3,
I announced that we had just com
pleted work on our new catarrh cure,
which we would call Mucu-Tone. Our
stockholders examined the remedy
and, being practical druggists, they in
stantly saw that it was a meritorious
article. During th at week our total
orders from our stockholders were
nearly $90,000, this breaking all the
world's records for proprietary medi
cine sales."
along. It should ever be remembered,
however, that such a book cannot take
the place of a physician of high standing
and character. The Uneasy Chair.
Vol st joint author of "The Woman Who
Toils New York Doubleday, Page Co.
Minneapolis I N McCartbj. Price $1 50
LITTLE GARDENS. How to Beautify City
Yards and Small Country Places By Charles
Skinner, author of "Xature in a City
Yard," "Mowers in the Pave," etc Illus
trated. New York D. Appleton & Co. Pries-
$1 25 net
OUT MEDICINE. With a Chapter on the Pre
vention of Consumption and Other Diseases By
Charles Stanley Davis. Ph. D.. mem
ber ot the State Medical Society of Connecti
cut, physician to the Curtis Home for Old
Lauies and Children New York- E. B. Treat
& Co Price 75 cents
graphical Reader, by Frank G. Carpenter.
Cloth, 12mo. 388 pages With maps and Illus
trations. Price 60 cents American Boot com
pany New York. Cincinnati and Chicago.
MEMBERING. By Grace H. Kupfer, A.
Cloth, 12mo. 208 pages, with illustrations.
Price 45 cents American Book company. New
York Cincinnati and Chicago.
SYMBOL. Bv Nina Picton, author of "At
the Threshold" (Lanra Dearborn), niustra
tlnna bv Remington W. Lane. New York: Tht
Philosophic company. Price $1.
Little sister. If I told you of the way
Wherein my feet went straying yesterday,
If I warned you of the pitfalls and the snare*.
Would vou straight forego your Maying for toy
And, lest you, too, might wander, pause and
Nay, not so
Where other feet liave gone, your feet must go.
Little sister, if I showed my heart to yon.
With too much loving bruised and broken thru.
Would vou keep your own a white and nlddea
From that strange joy whose end
Would yon tnke my
Nay. not so
Your heart must learn what wiser women know.
tuy win,? euu Burrowing
scars for sign this tiling is
.-Theodosia Garriaoa,

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