Newspaper Page Text
PRICE TWO CENTS.
IN LEAD TODAY
Republican Managers Are Con-
fidentParker Is Cheerful
CLARK MILLION FOR
Monday Marks Advent of the
Spellbinder in Every
STeu York Sun Special Service.
New York, Oct. 1.President Eoose
velt and his managers confidently be
lieve that the president would be ovoi
whclmingly victorious if the election
were helc today.
A species ot trial balance of the cam
paign, piepared by the republican na
xu nt'l committee, shows the following
cojaitions important states
New Jersey, surely republican.
Now York, Mainland, West Virginia
an I 1'icliana, doubtful.
Connecticut, Delaware and Wisconsin
lii'usouably assured, but must be
watched and woiked to pre\ent icci
oioiado, Utah, Idaho, Nevada and
MontanaUnknown quantities, on ac
count of local conditions and fights.
The\ have been left to their respective
state oiganizations to carry. The na
tional committee declined to mix in.
A new stage of the campaign -will be
inaugurated Monday The spellbinder
mounts the' platform and literary docu
ments retire to second place. For a
month to come Niagaias of political ora
tory will be poured mto the public ear.
Local speakers and second grade impor
tations will show in the states that are
assuredly republican or democratic,
merely to get the regular vote out. But
in the doubtful states the highest class
speakersthe men of fame and leader
ship will be used to swav the voter into
Callers who have talked with Judge
Parker said that he felt cheerful about
the prospects of the campaign, and was
especially sanguine about the lesult in
New York stato, where he believes both
the national and the state tickets will
have a safe majority.
Judge Parker had nothing to say
about politics for publication except
the statement that he expected to be
New Yoik a good part of the time, and
that he had engaged quarters at the Se
On returning to Esopua last night,
Judge Parker found the village in a
commotion. There had been a severe
wind storm which threatened to blow
away the Parker and Davis banner hung
acioss the road A farmei who climbed
up the tree to secure one of the iig
ropes fell and broke a leg. By the
united efforts of the villagers the ban
ner was saved.
Clark Gives Million.
It was reported at the national demo
cratic headquarters that Senator Clark
Of Montana had given $1,000,000 to the
committee for campaign expanses. It
was said the sum was tha*-personal gift
of Senator Clark.
From another source it was said that
Senator Clark, after he had called on
Judge Parker at the Hotel Seville, said
that he would be responsible for the
collection of $1,000,000. The commit
tee IJ now authorized to draw on him
for any part of that sum.
Cleveland Won't Speak.
Definite announcement has been
made at national democratic headquar
ters that Grover Cleveland will not
speak at all during the campaign The
announcement is authoritative. It was
the original intention of the ex-presi
denj to make one or two speeches,
latently his health has been such that
he will not be permitted to take the
etump. Mr. Cleveland is now at Buz
zards Bay, Mass., and while he is not
ill, his health is far from robust.
While Mr. Cleveland will not speak,
he will,ina number of articles and
communications, make his position clear
and will urge voters to cast their ballots
FAY FOR PRAISE
New York Newspaper Wants Pay
for Puff as Parker's
New York Sun Special Service.
Mow York, Oct 1 August Belmont
is detendant in the city court in a suit
biought by the New York Vigilant, the
organ of the Retail Liquor Dealers' as
sociation, to recover $500, which
amount, it is asserted, Belmont prom
ised to pay the paper for the publica
tion of an article laudatory of him and
describing him as a man who caused
the New York delegation to be m
stiucted for Alton B. Parker as the
democratic candidate for pre*ftdent.
The article in question, published by
the paper, after instruction for Mr.
Parker, bore these headlines:
"The man who did it.
"Paikei 's debt to August Belmont."
Following is an extract from the arti
\fter Senator David B. Hill and
others had plaved football with the
boom of Alton B. Parker, August Bel
mont stepped when it was on the
point of collapsing and rescued it from
the hoodooes and brought it to life
to Belmont alone is due the instruction
of this state's delegates."
The plaintiff asserts the article was
published at the special instance and
request of Belmont, together with his
photograph. Davies, Stone & Auer
bach, counsel for Belmont, filed an an
swer in which Belmont entered a gen
eral denial of all the plaintiff's alle
UTAH CANNON FIGHTS
THE MORMON PRIESTHOOD
New York Sun Special Service.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Oct. 1.F^ank
J. Cannon, former United States sena
tor, and of a leading Mormon family,
last night publicly pledged himself to
support the new American party or-
anized to oppose the influence of the
church in politics and in the
schools. In addressing a mass conven
tion, Cannon declared the right of suf
frage in Utah was being exercised by
one man, referring to the president of
the Mormon church, and urged all lay
Mormons to join in fighting the politi
cal work of the Mormon Driesthood.
Republican Managers in Connecti
cut Expect Sweeping Victory
for the President.
State Political Contests and Cath
olic Vote Will Aid the
By W. W. Jermane.
Hartford, Conn.,Sept. 30."We used
to wobble some in the old days," said a
prominent Connecticut republican,
speaking to me this atternoon about the
political histoiy of his state and the
present outlook, but that time has
gone by, as I believe never to return.
The state is now safely republican. Its
majority for Eoosevelt this year will
be 25,000, at least, and wo will elect
our four republican candidates for con
gress. What more can be asked pf
The preceding paragraph sums up in
a few words the political situation in
Connecticut. The democrats are talk
ing vaguely about a reaction in their
favor 'Which thev say is to come about
between now and election dav, but that
talk is not convincing.
Connecticut has wobbled some in its
dav. From 1876 to 1892, inclusive, it
went republican only once in a presi
dential year, 1880, and democratic the
other four times. But conditions in
the state have changed since then.
There has been a steady inflow of re
publican workmen, and gradually the
habits of thought of the people have
found new levels. Its political morals
have also been improved.
Time was when Connecticut was a by
word and a reproach among honest men
in all parties. That was when W. H.
Barnum and P. T. Barnum, the show
man, struggled for_ political supremacy.
The immediate prize was the seat in.
congiess from what was then the fourth
district, but the contamination for
which these two rivals were responsible
spiead to all parts of the state. W. H.
Barnum, the democrat, was successful in
nearly all of these contests. He was in
congress continuously from 1867 to 1876,
when he resigned to enter the senate,
where he served until 1879. He died
in 1889. As long as Connecticut
went democratic in the days prior to
1889 it was because of the influence of
Mr. Barnum's money," said my repub
lican informant, quoted at the begm-
Continued on Second Page.
Eau Claire Clergyman, in Pistol
Fight, Shoots Chicago
New York Bun Special Bervloe.
Chicago, Oct. 1.In a desperate pis
tol fight with two masked highway
men in North Franklin street, between
Illinois and Michigan, last night, Rev.
Harlow Smith, a Methodist minister,
living at Eau Claire, Wis., narrowly
escaped^ being wounded. One of the
bullets' passed thru his coat.
He fired five shots at his assailants,
and informed the police that he was
firmly convinced he had wounded one
of the thugs, as the man was seen, to
limp slightly as he was being assisted
away by his companion.
Bev. Mr. Smith, who is on his way
to visit *he world's fair, told the po
lice that as soon_ as the bandits had
sprung from their hidingplace they
shoved their weapons in his face and
commanded him to hold up his hands.
However, instead of doing so, he quick
ly struck the foremost and drew his re
volver. The shooting then began.
HE HAS RETIRED
Famous Actor Announces He Will
Never Act Again on Any
New York, Oct. 1.Joseph Jefferson,
after more than seventy years on the
stage, during which time he has become
one of the most honored and beloved
members of the dramatic profession, has
decided absolutely never to resume his
theatrical career. Deepest regret was
expressed by all who heard him make
Mr. Jefferson arrived here from Bos
ton, where he had rested a few days,
recuperating from his recent illness at
Buzzards Bay, which caused the aban
donment of nis fall tour. He is con
valescent, but still must be nudicious in
guarding his returning strength, and
will remain here three weeks, after
which he will go by easy stages to
Florida, stopping in Washington for a
time and again in Atlanta.
When the decision was reached he
quietly announced it to his family.
I will never act again," he said.
"My days upon the stage are ended."
Once the decision was made and its
first feeling of solemnity had passed,
Mr. Jefferson became more cheerful.
"It will seem strange at first to act
no more," he added,
7 I shall soon
get used to that, and I shall begin to
enioy what I have looked forward to
these many yeaismy long, long holi
day, in which I shall enioy uninterrupt
edly nature in outdoor life, my painting,
my books and pleasant companionship
with wife, children and dear friends.
I begin my holiday at l&st."
Paterson, N. J., was the city where he
last appeared. The performance was in
RICH HAUL IN ROBBERY.
Philadelphia, Oct. 1 The safe in the
postoffice at Rosemont, a suburb, was
blown open by dynamite early today and
money and stamps aggregating about
$200 stolen. Postmaster Stillwagon says
that at the close of each month divi
dend checks amounting to between $5,000
and $10,000 are sent to wealthy subur
banites and that many letters containing
such checks were stolen.
LADY CURZON IMPROVING.
Walmer Castle, Kent, Oct. 1 The bul
letin on Lady Curzon's condition issued
at 10.30 o'clock this morning says. "Her
ladyship had some sleep during the night
and has taken nourishment well,"
LONG DELAY IN
Republican Faction Case in Wis
consin Will Not Be Settled
Until Oct. 18.
JOHN B. CASSODAY.
Wisconsin Chief Justice, "Whose Ill
ness Delays La FoHette Decision.
Special to The Journal.
Madison, Wis., Oct. 1.The failure of
the state supreme court to hand down a
decisom in the republican factional qpse
this week, was a keen disappointment,
especially to the nominees on the stal
wart state ticket.
The La Follette faction regards the
delay with much satisfaction, and its
leaders declare that no matter -what the
decision may now be, it cannot hurt
their jcause. The court adjourned to
Oct. 18, just one day before the date
prescribed by the statutes for certifying
the nominees on each ticket to the va
rious county clerks.
The stalwart leaders contend that un
der the restraining order issued some
time ago, the secretary of state cannot
make up the official ballot until the
order is vacated, whether a decision ii
made or not. The general opinion now
is that the court will hand down the
decision on Oct. 18.
Chief Justice John B. Cassoday,
whose illness has delayed the decision,
has been a member of the supreme court
twenty-four years, and has been chief
-justice eight years. He was born in
1830 in Herkimer county, New York,
and settled at Janesville in 1857, where
he practiced until called to the supreme
court bench. He was twice a member
of the legislature, serving one term as
speaker of the house. He is the author
of Cassoday on Wills,'' and other law
treatises, and is highly regarded both
as a jurist And a citizen.
The stalwarts have succeeded in get
ting the national republican committee
to recognize,-f wmally, theii tftate. comt
rnittees---. 'They jjpnside^ffcthJfer 6B an swfo
dittoi^ecyidenceiof the jastfee g&ttair
elaira,^^Th.eP4 a ^FoHette ^faisttc&i "o
teflfds that? the National committee has
no authority to decide which of the two
factions is ''regular."
Senator Spooner has prepared a letter
in answer to Lincoln Steffens' article in
McClure's magazine and to Governor
La Follette's article in Collier's Week
ly. The senator's letter will be used as
a campaign document.
Two Farmers of Iowa Perish While
Seining for Fish.
Sioux City, Iowa, Oct. 1.George and
Charles Bonham, farmers, were drowned
in Oliver lake, Monona county, while
seining for fish. George Bonham became
entangled the seine, and his brother
went to his assistance. The bodies
SATURDAY EVENING^OCTOBER i, 1904
MILLION IN HIDING
Mercantile Age|tey Promoter in
Chicago with Big Cash
New York Bun Special tferrice.
Chicago, Oct. 1.4*With a million.dol
lars secreted on Jjis person, Thomas
McCauley, president of the Interna
tional Mercantile A^gency, which struck
tlie rocks of financial disaster a few
days ago, is supposed to be in Chica
go, a ingitive frQXtt justice, and not
on his way to Brazil, as has been re
Word was received at the offices of
the agency today /that Mrs. McCauley
was seen shoppmgjin one of the State
street stores yestelday. She was buy
ing extensively, as*Ji for a trip abroad.
It was said by the'-*fflcial of the Chi
cago branch of the agency that Mc
Cauley is sure to be' with his wife and
that he is almost 'positively known to
I be carrying about a least a million
One of the officials of the company
described McCauley's career today. It
sounded like a fairy storv, and in some
ways the financing of the institution
would have made" the United States
Shipbuilding company take notice. Mc
Cauley, according to the story, ten
years ago stepped over plow furrows
on his lather's firm in the southern
part of the state./* He came to Chica-
and began woyk for the Sprague
His fertile rbraia
conceived the idea
of sending to th&Fhomes of the luck
less persons ^who-frowed money a red
colored wagon, with She picture, paint
ed on the sides, ol a ferocious-looking
bulldog tightly gf a despairing
He made monel
bought the" stock
made a bold stro
offices in Chicag
issued stock^ an
"fast and finally
the Mutual Mer-
$8,000. Then he
and organized the
utile Agency, with
'.and New York. He
on the strenoth of
his purchase of Mutual Mercantile
Agency, gathered^m $1,200,000. At one
stroke he 'had realized $1,192,200. The
stockholders had '$8,000 worth of re
which wer"e* never used, to fall
ack on for their*, money.
However, McCauley was generous.
He loaned the stockholders their own
money to -Conduct the business with.
The agency wa&. making money fast?
but McCauley liifes to make a million
at a clip, and, attho the business was
worth $50,000 a Jfear to him, he was
not satisned. Finally his business
A suspicion. He was
asked to resign. Then it was discov
ered that 'the 'company was out over a
million dollars. 3y
Mc-Oauley ws' 1aJ that he could set
tle with the officials of the company for
$500,000. Hevp#ed $200,000. He was
arrested and allp%ed to go free on a
and is said
to be now in -Chicago.
"He was,'let 'ftp for just about the.
size of the tip hefsrould give tflja^bell-
boy~o,T^b|iiiginj|M pitcher df^wewater
in a hujgoy/1,
of the company* w|&mully.
sajjgpne of 1&V officials
Special to The Journal.
Washington, Oct. V.Charles Vernon
Johns, honor graduate of this year's
class at Shattuck military school, Fari
bault, Minn., 1B one of six young men
attending such instilmtions eligible to
take, examinations for a commission in
the army. There are now forty-four
vacancies in the rank of second lieu
tenant in the army, of which thirty will
be filled from among enlisted men who
took examinations at Fort Riley. Honor
graduates of the military schools have
next choice of appointment, the re
mainder will be filled from a long list
of civilian applicants now on file at
the department. H. O. Stevens.
CaNGrRATULATIONS IN ORDER.
RooseveltDe-e-elighted to hear, that you have a cinch.
ParkerAllow me to congratulate you. I understand there is no longer any- doubt hut that you
wiW he elected to the high ofiice to which yon aspire4 ,.*_..-.'
Former Leader of Great Party
Dies Suddenly at Coun
HARGODRT,BRITISH PAYNE'S CONDITION
A .LIBERAL, IS DEAD EXTREMELY GRAVE
1 W M^
SIR WM. VERNON HARCOURT
Former Liberal Leader of Great Brit
aln, Who Died Today.
London, Oct. 1^Sir William Vernon
Harcourt, the finest political gladiator
of his age," died very suddenly today
at Nuneham Park, near Oxford, the
country seat which he recently inherited
from his nephew. Only his wife, a
daughter of the late John Lothrop Mot
ley, the,historian and former American
minister to Great Britain, was with him.
When Sir William went to bed lasst
night he seemed fairly well, tho he had
sli chill Thi
morning when he was called. he .replied
cheerily. "In a short time." Later a
servant entered the room and found Sir
Willialm lying dead on his bed.
His son, Lewis Vernon-Harcourt,
member of parliament for the Eossen
dale division of Lancashire, was hastily
sumosQd -fr-om London.
Among all classes, in the United
Kingdom, regardless or party, the un
expected news caused a sensation and
genuine regret. The somewhat pathetic
announcement in March last of his in
tended retirement had prepared the
public for Sir William's eventual dis
appearance from the active arena of
political strife, but there had been no
whisper that his stalwart constitution
had been radically impaired by nearly
forty years of fierce parliamentary
PITTSBURG IS "BROKE."
New York Sun Special Service.
Pittsburg, Oct 1 Assistant Controller
E. S. Morrow suspended yesterday the
issue of all city warranto except those
relating to contracts. There Is no money
in th treasury. Unless the controller's
-office feetreats from its position thou-
sCTf&lls unTfrthe Tffeetpts -from tax
e^T nex): "month corned in* Others haying
dealings with, th city will 4iave a long
wait for payment of their bills.
PARKER A WARD'S WEDDING.
^Bsopus, N. T., Oct. 1 Judge Parker
and members of his family today at
tended the marriage of his ward, Miss
Kathryn Lawton and Robert Livingston,
which took plaice at West Park.
RICHES FOR TELEPHONE GIRL.
Kansas City, Oct. 1.Miss Clytie
Griggs, !&- young telephone girl, has been
notified by attorneys in Cape Nome,
Alaska, that she has fallen heir to mines
and mining stocks valued at $600,000, the
estate of her cousin, Mrs Lillian War
ner Moore, who died there some weeks
ago. She will go north to claim the
Postmaster General Has Failed to
Show Change for Better
Weakening Spells During Night
Later Gave Way to Quiet
Washington, Oct. 1.Despite the im
provement noted in Postmaster General
Payne's condition as disclosed by the
morning bulletin, his condition at 1:30
this afternoon had undergone no fur
ther change for the better. Dr. Eixey
remarked that it was about the same,
and in reply to a question, said Mr.
Payne's condition still was extremely
Mr. Payne, according to information
coming from the sickroom at 7 o'clock
this morning.gained more rest last night
than during the two previous nights,
but his sleep in the early hours of the
morning was interrupted by weakening
spells, the most severe of which oc
curred at 6 o'clock. Dr. Graysonj who
remained thru the night, immediately
administered moderate doses of stim
ulants and restoratives, and these suf
ficed to bring about a prompt rally.
Drs. Magruder, Eixey and Osier
called shortly before 9 o'clock this
morning and joined Dr. Grayson. When
Dr. Osier came from the sickroom he
said Mr. Payne had passed a better
night and was distinctly better this
morning than yesterday,, altho his con
dition was still grave. At 9:50 a.m.
the following bulletin was issued:
"Mr. Payne passed a much better
night slept well for a number of hours.
Heart action much improved. General
condition more favorable.
Dr.n Osier left the hotel aftern
the consultation, he said he would not
co mWheanc util tomorrow morning .u
ent' condition grew very
les th patl
Upon awakening this morning TMT.
Payne asked for the time, and when
informed said he thought it must be
much later. His sleep had been a long
one. He also made inquiries as to the
direction of the wind.
President Eoosevelt called at the
hotel shortly before 11 o'clock this,
forenoon and remained a few moments
in the private apartments. When he
came out he said he felj much encour
aged regarding Mr. Payne's condition.
BEEF PRICES UP
Food Necessity Harder to Buy,
Drink Easier, in Chi-
JJW York Bun Special Service.
Chicago, dot. 1.Beef went up with a
bound, yesterday, and beer came down
with a thud. A half-cent a pound was
tacked onto the price of the better cuts
of meats, making the price a cent a
CM it* 9 tx ra. cab (cUtMW
oun higher than the values exacted
the packinghouse strike, the
other half-cent having been added im
mediately after the union men gave up
the struggle against- their former em
ployers. No reason was given for this
With beer the shift of prices was in
dollars rather than cents. Amber liquid
of the grade that normally sells for $6
a barrel could be bought as low as $3.50.
The big reduction was due to a fight for
trade among the breweries, the cut be
ing made by the so-called trust in an ef
fort to undermine the business of a
local brewery which has refused to come
into the fold.
MRS. NATION ON
SMASH IN WICHITA
Woman of the Hatchet and Her
Followers in Jail, Bail-
New York Bun peclal Service.
Wichita, Kan., Oct. 1.Carrie Nation,
after warning the mayor to close the
saloons in Wichita, started in on them
herself yesterday. Now she and her
friends are in nail and the police refuse
to accept bail.
Mr^. Nation, Mrs. Wilhoit, Mrs. Me
Henry and several others tried to get
into the wholesale liquor house of the
Mahan Supply company, saying: "W
wish to hold a prayer meeting.** They
were refused admittance and Carrie
drew her hatchet and said: "Smash."
Tom Mahan grabbed her by the hand
which had the hatchet, but she used the
other one and threw a brick thru the
window. The rest of the women were
using hatchets on the glass front of the
store and within two minutes it looked
as if a cyclone had struck the place.
The police matron, Mrs. Shields, was
expecting trouble and had followed the
crowd of women. As soon as the glass
rattled down she ordered them all under
arrest, but the resistance was so strong
that it took ten policemen to get them
to the jail, where they were locked up
and bond refused.
Carrie declares that as soon as she
out she has one hundred women to
el her smash and a lively time is ex
pected in a few days.
GEORGIA COLONEL'S FIST
New York Sun Speolal Service.
St. Louis. Oct. 1.Colonel J. S.
Baiue, of Georgia, a member of Gov
ernor Terrell's staff, knocked down a
camel driver in the streets of Jerusa
lem, at the world's" fair, because the
driver refused to permit Mrs. Terrell to
Mrs. Terrell became seasick when the
ungainly beast began its lurching, sham
bling progress, and asked to be per
mitted to dismount. The camel driver
pretended to be unable to understand
ner and urged the beast on. This made
Mrs. Terrell cry out in fright and the
Georgia colonel, after ordering the
driver to stop and being ignored, landed
his fist on the driver's jaw. The
camel was stopped and forced to kneel
while Mrs. Terrell dismounted*
28 PAGESFIVE O'CLOCK.
A COUNTER MOYE
Attempt to Cut Japanese CommuJS
nications Being Made by
SUCCESS MAY SPOIL
Japanese Advance Is Believed to
Be Progressing on East 'X
St. Petersburg, Oct. 1.Important
developments on the eastern flank of
the Manchurian army are admitted, by
the war office to be proceeding. Tha
details, however, are withheld. But
the authorities admit that the Russian
cavalry is executing important move
ments, leaving it to be surmised thai
the Cossacks are trying to cut the
Japanese line of communication and
thus defeat the flank advance.
An absolute denial is given to the
Shangha telegram that a general en-
at Mukden has been won
the Japanese. It is pointed out that
the reports of the Russian retirement
from Mukden are disproved by yester
day's telegram from General Sak
haroff, showing that General Kuro
patkin's outposts are as fax south as
Reconnaisances indicate ts^sat large
Japanese forces are still crossing the
Tai-tse river at Ben-zi-pu, tjurty miles
northeast of Liao-yang, and that the
center of gravity remains east of the
T^e Japanese apparently haye not it-M
yet succeeded In drafting sufficient%*"!
men thither to drive home their flank
ing operations. ^r^P^'M
Bandits Fight With the Jape. *f~
Considerable significance is attached
to a report by General Sakharoff, that
Chinese bandits are fighting in the
Japanese ranks in the Liao river val
ley. Taken in conjunction with th0
attempt of bandits to cut the railroad S^-SH*
between Mukden and Harbin, this re- %|^pfi
veals the existence of a widespread 'vi|?
Japanese organization of bandits west
of the railroad.
OYAMA IS ADVANCING
Coincident Movement Takes Place West
pf tiiac River. A
St. Petersburg, Oct. 1.Field Marshal^^ i
Oyama isi-legu the long expected ad
vance nlpon, the Bftesian army at Muk-'
den,, mhsre severe fighting was reporteJL, "i
yesterday, and a*- coincident move 7*g
against Sin-min-tin is indicated by the
fact that the Japanese have occupied &
Siao-bey-ho, west of the Liao river.
There is a concentration of Japanese
forces in the vicinity of the Ten-tai
mines and^he advance lines are being
gradually pushed eastward.
General Sakharoff in the dispatches to
the war office at St. Petersburg reports
success in several engagements of a
An undated dispatch from General
Kuroki's headquarters reports the pres
ent Japanese military organization to
be as efficient as it has been at any time
since the war began. There is no defi
nite news from Port Arthur.
Changes in the Bussian minister of
marine and naval commanders are an
nounced on high authority. The new
head of the admiralty, it is said, will
be Vice Admiral Doubasoff, an officer
of wide experience in war and the pres
ent head of the technical bureau of the
ministry of marine.
A company of Chinese bandies last
night attempted to wreck the railroad
near the station of Fantziatun. 150
miles south of Harbin. They killed a
sentinel and caused slight damage. A
detachment of guards was sent in par
suit of the bandits. The railway track
was repaired by morning.
SHIPS BEADY FOB FLIGHT
Bussian Vessels In Port Arthur Plan an
Tientsin. Oct. 1.Bussian officers
here admit that it is the intention of
the remaining Bussian war vessels at
Port Arthur 1 attempt to escape. They
say they expected the movement one
week ago, and that it may now be ex- *fe
HABD PKOBLEM FOB BUSSIA
Kuropatkin's Betreat Means Trouble in
General Kuroki's Headquarters in tht
Field, Undated, via Tien-tsin, Oct. 1.
The most interesting military problem ri
at present is how large a Bussian army '$
the railway can support in Manchuria.
While the army is south of Harbin al
most all the necessary food supplies can
be obtained in the country, but the
farther north it goes the more it must
depend upon the fhilway, while at the --nj
same time the Japanese "will gain an ad- If
vantage by having an increased area to A
Continued on Second Page*
*-^%t.iT 5 -i#U^
May Take Offensive.
news is obtainable of thf 5||
wide Japanese turning movement east "Ji
which is regarded as the chief feature
of the Japanese operations. Should ,$J
Oyama be compelled to abandon the^^
idea of an advance it is intimated in a
Mukden dispatch that it is possible,
with fresh troops constantly arriving.]
that General Kuropatkin may attempt!
some offensive operations.
The richest section of Manchuria is
the country of which Liao-yang is the
principal market, and the crops in that
section this season are unusually large. i
Merchants who are acquainted with the 1
country say that if General Kuropatkin
should retreat to Harbin, he must se
cure nearly every pound by means of
the railway, especially as this year's
crop in the Sungari valley has proved a
failure. Besides this, every horse for
the Russian army must be brought by A
the railway. If there is campaigning^^
in the winter^ on which point there is
much speculation, it must be done under *g
difficulties, as the ground freezes to a
great depth, making intrenching almost "M
The railway will be operated by the
Japanese to Liao-yang within a week
and thru trains will be running to the
front from Dalny and Niu-chuang. Th
harvesting is progressing slowly in the
fields in front of the Japanese army
and to the southward.
The correspondent of the Associated
Press rode from Liao-yang to Niu
chuang and found that surprisingly lit
tle damage had been done to the grain.
The reports which charged the Japan-JP
ese troops with looting at Liao-yang*^
were greatly exaggerated. Some of the
soldiers who first entered Liao-yang,^^
finding plenty to drink, helped them-^S
selves, and did some looting of smaUkJ
articles from the shops, but the con
duct of the Japanese army as a whole