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RUSSIAUNDERGOING MIGHTY CHANGES TERRORISTS MAY BE EXPECTED TO ACT Russians in This Country Look for Speedy Beginning of Bomb Throwing. Special to The journal. New York, Jan. 28.'' Ten years ago, even five years ago, such a powerful movement "as that headed by Father Gopon would have been impossible in Russia," said Dr. Maurice Fishberg, one of the local leaders of the Bussian social democratic party, which believes in peaceful, educational work as op posed to the violent measures of the social revolutionists, or "terrorists." I doubt whether, in all history, any country has. changed so suddenly as Rus sia has done in the past few years. The industrial progress of the nation has led to sudden concentration of large numbers of workmen in particular dis tricts of a few large towns, where they are open to trade-union and revolution ist propaganda. Rapid Development Cause of!Texas Member Starts Investiga- Preseut Uprising, Says Lead ing Russo-Axnerican. "Graft" Payments Necessary. In order to understand properly the present uprising, it ifi necessary to have some idea of the industrial system of Russia, which is decidedly different from that of America and other ad vanced countries. Here the government is neutral or is supposed to be neutral, in the struggle between capital ana labor, but in Russia it is heart and soul with the employer. In the first place, every faotory owner has to obtain a permit from the government before he can start in busi ness, even if h^e is only going to open a small workshop with a dozen, or twen ty men employed. This provision of the law excites widespread discontent thru out Russia, for it has a powerful .effect in preventing a mail from getting on in the world. "In order to obtain the permit, the payment of 'graft' to numerous "offi cials is necessary. They fix their bribes so high, in many cases, that a workman who haa. saved up enough money to start a small factory or hjs own is unable to do so, simply because he cannot satisfy these greedy officials. Then, too, thev may takebr^bes from factories already in opexjflSon- to/refuse him his permit. And, if he happens to be a man who is suspected-by the secret police of revolutionary sentiments, it is safe to say that he will not be al lowed to obtain a *riermit on any "terms. The authorities know that the factory and the workshop are the forcingbeds of the movemtent for freedom, and they therefore do all in their power to prevent them from falling under the control of persons who sympathize with the cause of liberty. "Trade unions and strikes are still unlawful in Russia. Less than fifteen years ago there were no labor organiza tions in that country, and the men who first started them and. joined them were treated as traitors by the. government and were sent to jail or to Siberia. But the movement could not be stopped. Organizers from England, Belgium, France and other industrial countries helped it forward, and eventually the unions attained such strength in St. Continued on 2d Page, 4th Column. REFUNDS ON SEED WHEAT OPPOSED Farmers in Minnesota and North Dakota ObjectPlans May Be Dropped. By W. W. Jermane. Washington, Jan. 28.Representa- tive Tawney says he understands that protests ha\ come from various parts of North Dakota and Minnesota against the proposal to import Canadian seed wheat free of duty. The North Dakota delegation is likely to oppose the legis lation and so Representative Steener son of Minnesota, who has word from his district that farmers there have plenty of home-grown seed and do not le.sire to import. This being the case, Mr. Tawney is not disposed to press the matter before the ways and means committee next Wednesday. However, should Mr. Steenerson introduce a reso lution addressed to the committee ask ing for-action, he may take the case up. But at present he thinks the out look for such legislation is not good. Forestry Land Patents Coming. Representative Volstead todav was Informed by the interior department that the government is now at work getting out patents to 20,000 acres of land reserved for forestry purposes in Minnesota. This matter has been held up for al most a year because the original de scriptions showed .04 of an acre more than the 20,000 called for. $45,000 AS BANK DEBT $3,000 AS BANK ASSETS Chicago, Jan. 28.It is said that the liabilities of the Pan-American bank here approximate $45,000. To meet these liabilities are assets said to con sist of $300 in cash, one trust deed of doubtful value and some promissory notes, the whqle amounting to $3,000. Keceiver Edwin C. Day hats made the discovery that within the last four months $25,000 had been withdrawn from the Pan-American bank for the private bank of President William H. Ilunt in Wall street, New York, and that other withdrawals of~ $9,800 and $5,000 were creditedinto branch 1 Hunt and ~iitutip the Cit oa Mexico. '-r**:-\?:z--^ INQUIRY IN HOUSE MAY OUST BIXBY tion Said to Be Directed at Minnesotan. INVOLVES INTEREST IN INDIAN LANDS Bixby Reported to Have Declined Pay to Avoid Signing Re quired Oath. By W. W. Jrman. Washington, Jan. 28.Tarns Bixby may be getting into more trouble with the government. The other day the house adopted resolutions introduced by Representative Stephens of Texas, in quiring whether or not any member or employee of the Dawes Indian commis sion had failed to take the oath re quired, that he is not interested in In dian lands, and had thru such failure been unable to draw his salary. The resolution, it seems, was aimed straight at Mr. Bixby, who it is said here, has not drawn any salary since the law demanding the oath referred to was enacted about a year ago. The members and employees of the Dawes commission are paid semi-month ly at Muskogee, Indian Territory, where the government maintains a disbursing office. Before drawing his salary each man on the payroll must subscribe to the oath of the statute, and this, it is believed, Bixby has not done, altho thus far no official information has reached Washington bearing out the impression. The secretary of the interior has writ ten Bixby, asking if the rumor back of the Stephens' resolution of inquiry is well founded, and if it is, demanding that Bixby explain his conduct. This letter was forwarded yesterday. Failure to take the oath seems to mean that Bixby has not fully complied with the law, and should this prove to be the case, he will probably be put on the carpet by the federal authorities. His dismissal under these conditions, would be almost certain to follow. GOODNOW EAGER FOB HEARING Readies Washington with Affidavits t Disprove Charges. By W. W. Jermane. Washington. Jan. 28.John Ooodhbw, cotfsui' general at Shanghai* arrived in Washington last night, and is staying at the New Wil|ardf Koteh spent -the early morning looking ovur his mail, and at 11 o*elock wen to the capitoLwhere. h& took5 i i luncheont with Senator Nelson After that he called at the state depart- ?or lent to report his arrival and arrange a hearing on the charges against him, Mr. Goodnow professes full confidence in his ability to convince the govern ment that' he has been lied about and maligned. He .has brought with him many affidavits and other sorts of testi mony from persons of high standing in ghai, and these will all be sub mitted to the state department. Speak ing of his case this morning, he said I am now to get what I have for more than- a year been fighting for, namely, an opportunity to be heard on these charges. Senator Nelson is understood to be interested in the case and to believe that Goodnow is not guilty. T. E. Byrnes of Boston, who is prob ably closer to Goodnow than any other man in the world, arrived in Washing ton yesterday, and will be here several days. It is said he has come on busi ness connected with his railroad and not on account of the Goodnow matter. MERGER STOCK AT NEW HIGH MARK Wall Street Opinion Has the Su preme Court Denying Harri man Appeal. Special to The Journal. New York, Jan. 28.Northern Securi ties stock made a new high record to day, selling on the curb at 155%. The opinion prevails in some quarters that the supreme court will throw out the Harriman petition for writ of appeal on Monday. North-Western advanced' 13% points to 240, and other northwestern stocks were strong in sympathy. Prac tically unlimited orders were given to buv Union Pacific, St. Paul and other related stocks. The rise continued on enormous trading up to the close. The whole list naturally moved up in line with northwestern railway issues. If the action indicated takes. place there will be speedy dissolution of the North* ern Securities company on a pro rata plan. A new combination has already been fixed bv rumor, giving Northern Pacific to North-Western and St. Paul jointly. The point was made that these two com panies could very well control North ern Pacific because they do not parallel it to the Pacific coast. A report is also current that the North-Western and St., Paul companies would issue 'securities' to carry thru the reported deal. This has long been a fa\orite way of ac counting for any sensational advance in these shares. One significant.thing was the large' absorption of North-Western. Appar ently somebody wanted the stock and was willing-to" "pay- a good"" price for it. For some day's it has been reported that North-Western is to have a 25 point move. WHITEMAN RECAPTURED ATTHE POIHT OF A GUN 1 Buffalo, N. Y./Jan. 28Alonzo J. Whiteman, who made a sensational es cape from Detective Sergeant Albert Solomon and Detective Field by jump ing thru the" window of a moving tram at Dunkirk on Sept. 27, was reeaptured at the home of bis mother -in Danville today. He was taken after an excit ing chase and only submitted to arrest when covered by revolvers. He ^s locked up at police headquarters here on the charge, of._iorgery.jand grand- larceny."" 7" i"--\ CHOWN PRINCE GTT8TAVV8, Who Will Suooeed to the Thron* f Sweden and JJorway. Stockholm, Sweden, Jan. 28.Reports are: BEEF TRUST GAINS BY THE BLIZZARD Takes Advantage of Big Storm to Advance Price* in New York. New York Sun Special Service. New York,. Jan.. 28.The beef trust has raised the wholesale price of meat in New York city one-half cent a pound. The advance took effect Wednesday the day of the blizzard. The members of the beef trust are the only people who have sought to take advantage of the cold soap to wring exfefca tribute from-New York consumers.i^Fish is not highs- -itSfe has not gonfl.w|LAltho two days' supply how virtually^fbaUed inline, feao#dxii on the various IfS^fiff^^n^^eQt^*^ in 200 mites of the metropolis. ButteX eggs cheese, provisions/6i eyery kind, all remain unchanged in priee. But every natural product-^controlled" by the beef trust.has gone upMn New York. Yet no meat trains have been stalled. There, is no famine nor any proBpect of any\ The wholesale butch ers New York cannot deliver all the beef they already have on hand, owing to the snow, and that circumstance- has added to the supply of fresh,meat iri the' hands of the agents of the -beef trust in this eity. .Cattle and fresh meat have been arriving every "day this week, both here and at Chicago. WORLD'S AUTO RECORD BROKEN. Ormond, Fla., Feb. 28.In the ten mile race for Mercedes cars today E. R. Thomas in his 90-horsepower machine, broke the world's record held by W. K. Vanderbilt. Mr. Thomas covered the ten miles in 6:31 4-5. Mr. Vanderbilt's time last year over the same course was 6:60. j/**:e^^^ RUSSIA,ATBAYON WAR FRONTAND ATHOME/TO SUEFORPEACE DEFEAT BYJAPSCHECKSKlM^ATKIN'S DESPERATE ADVANCE 1 RENEWED REVOLT FORVENGEANCE MENACESCZAR'SCAPITAIJ KING OSCAR OF SWEDEN AND NORWAY DESIROUS OF ABDICATING THE 1HR0NE ..KINO OSCAB, Wh S*id to Be.Settroua of Abdicat ing the tfhroae. to retire next September, and in this event the ascendancy to the throne of the crown prince and princess would be welcomed by loyal Swedes and Norwegians., Crown ^Princess yictoria is beginning to assume many of the responsibilities of state and society heretofore, bg|ne ifeg .her royal mother-in-law, Queen Sophia. ~~,ir.^r"* TWO HELPED HOCH WEI) RICH TOWS Man and Woman/Alleged Accom plices of Chicago Bluebeard, Have Bitter Feud. Chicago, Jan. 28.-*-n a woman wha-.imigh$wb hiding Johann^Hoch, th board, the police-have,. wiuchijleaadfJ-^fe^E-'l^'*^ searching for interested in alleged-Blne- J\evjaenc 1&i O SERYE WITH NEGRO Hew York Sun Special Service. Kansar City, Jan. 2j5.WMliam A. Rollins, the negro who was summoned to serve as a juror in the circuit court, was discharged thiB morning and paid four days' fees, without having sat in a case. When the jury, was called to try a dam age suit and the attorneys asked the usual formal question, Bolla F. Jarman, a printer, said he could not serve on the .jury witij a negro and' be impartial. The. other jurors nodded tbeir heads. The court then excused Rollins. ALL TTfcD UP SATURDAY EENIN JANUARY 28, 1905. 32 PAGESFIVE O'CLOCK. szr OBOWN PRINCESS VICTORIA, Who Will Some-Day B Queen Sweden and Norway. re-t^ved tffcafr the aged king and queen of Sweden and Norway wish -T I'- ll i I i of 4 BATTLE FOR WORK IN GOTHAM SNOW Two Hundred Hungry Men Rise Against Favoritism and At tack Italian Shovelers. New York, Jan. 28.Two hundred men who had waited in West Forty-first street from-early in the morning until late last night to get work shoveling snpw for the city, and had seen gang ^ter gang of Italians employed, finally patience and began a series of at Jts on the Italians. They punched and kicked them, took away their* shovels, rs, and broke-, the tools.- '^because, they foe jobs, some ayinfc.nve cents an^ hour for ey -wtirk. Ttte *TiG?elers^ receive 25 cents' an 1iour and w-was ascertained later that the padrone story was 4ruel Many of the thinly clad and hungry men waiting hour after hour in line, saw themselves passed over again and again because they did not have 25 cents to pay the padrone. Some were homeless, others had wives- and children who were waiting for them to bring home food. When word was sent to the waiting ones that no more men would be hired until Saturday they marched on the Italians in a body. They were eighty in the. first- party attacked and' most of them took to their heels. The few who did resist were badly beaten. The at tackers were dispersed by the police, but got together again and continued their work. New York, Jan. 28.Wayland Trask, one of the oldest members of the New York Stock- Exchange, dieel today. Mr. Trask had been .a member of the ex change since 1869. that the gravity of the, situa] JWews from. Kuropatkin.' commander considers ins" poi cannot expect to win or ev 8 tions with the enmy makesv elusion. ^^r^Mi^ff-rsmr^Ti 'J. New York Sun Special Service. RUSSIANS FORCED 'V TO PEACE PARLEY Danger of Mutiny in Russian Army^ With Revolt's Menace at Home, May End the War. Russian Toilers, to Avenge Massacre of Last Sunday, Threaten to Rise i Against Czar Tomonfow. New York Sun Special Service. St. Petersburg, Jan. 28.The censorship has allowed the newspapers to print a brief Paris dispatch reporting that General Kuropatkin has opened peace negotiations with Field Marshal Oyama. New York Sun Special Service. New York, Jan. 28.-The New York Sun's London correspondent in hi* cable on Wednesday night, said: It may be said that those at present controlling the Bussian policy are practically convinced of the necessity for bringing the war to a speedy close before the disastrous events of the current week make such a course absolutely imperative. "It is hardly to be expected that peace negotiations will be opened to morrow or next week. Russia will probably make an effort to restore a semy- blahce of order before praying for peace." JAPS TELL FOE OF BUSS REVOLT. Special to The Journal. London, Jan. 28.An amazing dispatch from St. Petersburg declares that General Kuropatkin has opened negotiations with General Oyama, commanding the Japanese fprces. Previously Kuropatkin had notified the czar that not all of his troops could be depended upon, as the regiments from the provinces stub- bornly refuse to advance against the Japs. Japanese pickets who have kept in close touch with the enemy, have kept the Russians infdrmed of the progress of the Revolution in St. Petersburg and other cities. In this waj they have sown seeds of discontent in Kuropatldn's ariny, where there are thousands of soldiers who sympathize with the people at home. jj* Another St. Petersburg dispatch declares that a high official of the Russian ministry of finance has admitted that the government is thoroly alarmed and is. realized by all high Russian officials. $%**#&. has convjpeed aU that the Russian tion hopeless and that with rebellious troops he, ,make a goodsshowing in a general battle wttoifit Tje has ^&en SOS initiative and opened negotia 4tta of the war in Kge-far east a foregone- coac. RUSSIANS MA? &B$SUNDAY r?" iS$r Toilers Inclined Toward Outbreak to Avenge the Massacre of Last Sunday. .*l New York, Jan. 28.Michael-Davitt sends the following cable to the Amer- ican from St. Petersburg: "Conflicting-opinions prevail here about the prospects of a renewal of the outbreak next Sunday in the cities where the strikers are now out. "Outwardly it is as calm as when I was here last June. The belief obtains in optimistic. quarters that there will be no serious disturbance, as the em- peror's proclamation'is said to have created a favorable impression among the workingmen _.- I have been informed by Bussian friends that some students who raised cries against the czar last night in the Vassilie island quarter were attacked by workmen, who declared that they wanted better conditions for labor and not a revolution. I find that the moderate reformers blame two men for last Sunday's hideous outrage-the Grand Duke Vladimir for giving orders to the soldiers to fire on the people, and Father Gopon for leading an unarmed mob where a col- lision was almost certain between them and the military during the inevitable excitement of the situation. '7% "On the other hand, I am informed from semi-revolutionary quarters thaV next Sunday will witness such an uprising of workers in St. Petersburg as will avenge the killing of innocent victims last Sunday. I am inclined, however, to place faith in the more pacific predicti-,|! JAPANESE DEFEAT RUSSIANS Field Marshal Oyama Victor in First Engagement in Months on' the Shak-he River. By Associated Press. While the st?i.1ke continues to spread in Russian cities, there have been no serious disturbances, and interest is transferred to Manchuria, where the armies of Kuropatkin and Oyama are again engaged. Following a long period of mili- tary inactivity, a movement was begun on Jan. 25 and has spread along the extended lines until the fighting is general. Advices from Japanese and Russian sources are conflicting, but it appears that on Jan. 26 Kuropatkin attempted a forward movement and advanced a full corps on his right. Oyama met it by assuming the aggressive and reports that he defeated the Russians at Ohen-chieh-pao. A Mukden dispatch, however, says the Japanese were driven back on their left for a distance of five miles and were defeated with heavy losses in an at- tempt to take the famous Lone Tree hill. On Jan. 26 the fighting extended to the center, and only the extreme eastern end of the line is not involved. A St. Petersburg dispatch says that the Russians lost about 1,000 men in the capture of Sandepas, and captured 100 prisoners, besides arms, wagons and ammunition. Continued on 2d Page, 2d Column. Great Detective The Holladay Case" BEGINS TO-DAY Cbipters in Colored Supplement *SJ|q 4 tyZ? kf. \3L mm :1