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MONROE DOCTRINE MEANS BIG STICK Menace of Offense to Powers by Little Nations Might Bring War. MEANWHILE CASTRO IS IN DEFIANT MOOD President of Venezuela Takes Radical Action Against American Interests. JTsw York Sun Spocial Service. Washington, Feb. 16.-President Roosevelt has put responsibility for war between the United States and one or move European powers in defense of the Monroe doctrine squarely upon the sen ate. He does not desire to be held ac countable if such complications arise as may cause fighting to prevent the ac quisition of territory by a foreign na tion on the western hemisphere or an abandonment of the principles of the Monroe doctrine. In transmitting to the, senate the treaty negotiated between Minister Dawson and the premier, Sanchez, for guaranteeing the integrity of Santo Do mingo, supervising that republic's finances, the president, in a special mes sage, late yesterday afternoon, fully set forth his reasons for having engaged in this unusual undertaking. Debts Owed to Europe. He oalled the attention of the senate to the conditions prevailing in the Bouth and Central American republics. These governments, he said, had con tracted indebtedness abroad far beyond their means to repay. In view of the Monroe doctrine, European nations had requested the United States to assist them in collecting the sums due, or to permit them to secure payment in their own way. The president believed that a time was rapidly approaching when the money borrowed from European brokers must be repaid or the governments whose citizens had advanced it will take steps to secure reimbursement. The question of defending or abandoning the Monroe doctrine will then arise, and it shoruld be decided now. Collection by Force. He believed that in the immediate future, unless the United States exer cises a general supervision over some of the South and Central American repub lics foreign nations will become so im patient that they will begin the collec tion of their claims their own way and if they cannot secure money thev will seize territory, i "The president pointed out as to Santo 'Domingo that claims of many years' standing remain unadjusted, and no ef fort is being made to liquidate them. Jt is apparent that nothing will be done in that direction without supervis ion by the United States, because con tinual revolutions impoverish the coun irv, and make the accumulation of funds to pav debts impossible. called attention to the further fact that the United States is especially inter ested in the case of Santo Domingo, as an American firm has a claim of $4,500,- 000 awaiting settlement. Purpose of Treaty. The purpose of the present treaty, he ?aid, was to supervise the affairs of Santo Domingo for a limited period and then turn matters over to the govern ment of the republic with a warning not to again become involved with for eign nations. The treaty accompanying the letter .from the president provides that the integrity of Santo Domingo shall be maintained by the United States. This government shall assume control of the fuatonis houses and collect the revenues. The four ports of entry on the north ern side of the island are devoted to paying the claims of the Santo Domingo Improvement company, under an arbi tral agreement already in effect. The ports of entry on the south side of the island will be set aside for the payment of foreign crefditors. A certain per centage of the revenues collected will be turned over to the government of Santo Domingo for its maintenance and the remaining percentage will be dis tributed pro rata among the creditors. It is estimated that twenty-five years N Scant Courtesy in Senate. The doctrine. CASTRO UNRULY AGAIN SERENO E, PAYNE, New Yorker Who Champions the Bights of the House. HOUSE DEMANDS DRAWBACK BILL Representatives Stand on Their Rights as Superior to the Senate's Action. By W. W. Jormane. Washington, Feb. 16.The Payne resolution sending the agricultural ap propriation bill back to the senate be cause it contained original legislation affecting the revenues was adopted by the house today on a roll call, 261 to 5. Eepresentative Payne's motion di rects the return of the bill to the sen ate with a request to strike out the Hansbrough wheat drawback amend ment. The motion precipitated a de bato in which tne northwestern mem bers participated largely. Mr. Payne tried to confine the discussion to the question of holding the constitutional prerogatives of the house, but he didsentative not succeed. Volstead of Minnesota was one whoparty declared his opposition to the motion, and his intention to vote against it. Spalding of North Dakota said he would vote for the motion, after he had accused Chairman Payne of becoming suddenly, .attentive to. the privileges the-house,, when there had been other violations of these prerogatives by the senate,-ih$*itfg- Payne's .incumbency of the chairmanship of the ways and means committee. Congressman Lind questioned Vol stead as to the effect of the Hans brough amendment, but got no direct answer. Mr. Steenerson answered present when his name was called, as he was paired. Mr. McCleary was also paired. The five votes cast against the adop tion of the motion were by Davis and Volstead of Minnesota, Adams of Wis consin, Marshall of North Dakota and Jones of Washington. THRETKILLED I N SUBMARINE WRECK Gasolene Explosion Shatters a British BoatBesides Dead Fifteen Are Injured. paying tn claims of the Sant .Doming gaged in charging the tanks. The crew Improvemen company under an arbi were hurled in all directions. Two were killed. Nine of them were picked up by boats and taken to the hospital. A number of the crew of the British gunboat Hazahd volunteered to go to the rescue of the submarine boat's crew, but hardly had they got on board the submarine when a second explosion took place and all the rescuers were morea or less injured. Lieutenant Skin- i. special message of the presi- he will recover, but his eyesight is de- dent, transmitting the treatv to the sen-. gtroyed. Rte, was received with rather scant courtesy yesterday. But today it was ordered made public, together with the protocol, a letter from John B. Moore, formerly assistant secretary of state, which gives a statement regarding the award under the former protocol, and the award of the commission which set tled the claims of the San Domingo Im provement company. The senate went into executive ses sion immediately after morning busi ness, at which time this action was taken. The message, which is of nearly 4,500 words, is largely a discussion of the rights and duties of the United States under the Monroe doctrine, and the president says the protocol affords a i practical test of the efficiency of thelain, united States government in maintain ing th*1 Venezuelan Court Orders Seizure of American Property. Paris, Feb. 16.A semi-official dis patch from Caracas, Venezuela, says I that, upon the pressure of President (Jastro, the court Iras ordered the se-sooner quostration of the landed property of the American Asphaltadds, company. "This decision, the dispatch has' caused excitement in the American colony at Caracas. Washington, Feb. 16.The state de li partment today received a cablegram i, from Minister Bowen, dated at Caracas, stating thatformersupreme the court had eon firmed its decree sequestrating the property in Venezuela of the Amer- Continued on 2d Page, 6th Column* Queenstown, Feb. 16.An explosion of gasolene occurred on board the new submarine boat "A5" today while the officers and crew, eleven men, were en- ner will be required complete a liquida- subsequently died of his injuries. tio of the variouso claims I is stip ulated that before becoming operative the treaty must be ratified by thefifteen. United States senate and the Santo Do jningan congress. officer of the submarine boat Two bodies were found on the "A5." The total number of men injured was Some of them were dreadfully mutilated. Lieutenant Good commanding the "Ao" sustained terrible injuries about his head and face. I is believed that CHAMBERLAIN NOT AFRAID OF A VOTE He Tells Parliament He Is Ready to Submit Fiscal Question to People. London, Feb. 16.Joseph Chamber former colonial secretary, had a full house when he rose to address tho house of commons today onMhe fiscal amendment to the address, in reply to the speech from the throne proposed by Mr. Asquith (liberal) yesterday. A dissolution of parliament had no terrors for him, he said. He was quite content to trust his political fortunes to the workingmen who for thirty years had placed their confidence in him so generously. I his opinion the a dissolution came the better. He hoped, however, that the govern ment would not abandon its trust sim ply because the opposition wanted of fice. Mr. Chamberlain declared the opposi tion's contentions in regard to a disso lution were a fantastic pretense. "Tho real object of the foolish and ill-judged amendment^' was to create dissension on the ministerial side. He had never said free trade ought to be abandoned, but that the policy of free imports ought to be. reformed, as it stood in the way 1 of freer trade. PRICE TWO CENTS. THURSDAY EVENING^ FEBRUARYrt,1905. _" $400,000,000 STAKE IN HYDE CONTEST Battle Headed by Alexander to Oust Equitable Life's Main Stockholder. New York, Feb. 16.The crucial point in a contest involving control of four hundred millions of dollars will be reached this afternoon when the digreat rectors of the Equitable. Life Assurance society meet to consider changing tho association from a stock to a mutual company. On one side is James Hyde, vice president and holder of a majority of .the society's capital stock, while array ed against him are James W. Alexander, president of the association, with thir ty-eight other officers.. President Alexander"and his support ers have proposed a plan to change the association from a stock to a mutual company. Their proposition, if agreed to, Hyde's friends declare, would' prac tically eliminate Hyde from the man agement of the company, even tho his majority holdings of the stock of the company were retained. The reorganiz ation contemplates the retirement of Mr. Hyde as vice president. Factions Fa Apart, Both Hyde and Alexander had given out statements prior to today's meet ing defining their .respective positions, and it was apparent that the opposing interests were widely separated. Mr. Hyde had declared' that while he fatrol vored the mutual plan to a certain ex tent he had no intention whatever of giving up his control of the company, resident Alexander's statement de clared that Mr. Hyde's retirement was a matter of first importance to all in terested in the association. Hyde Holds Most Stock. It is said that at the meeting of the directors a week ago Mr. Hyde offered to place 510 shares which he controls in the hands of the directorate for five years. These shares, whose par value is but $51,000, are held by Mr. Hyde, his mother and his Bister, Mrs. Sidney TOTS PERISH IN FIRE PARENTS BADLY BURNED Peoria, Til., Feb. 16.Fire of a mys terious origin in the house of Manning Harris, a coal miner living at Edwards, four miles from this city, burned the bodies of three small children to a crisp today. The father and mother were horribly burned. 1 When the neighbors attempted to alarm the family they found the doors and widnows locked. The mother was rescued, but the two children lying by her side in bed were left to their fate. Harris was rescued from his bed in an adjoining room, but only one of the boys sleeping with him could be taken out. *-5MGK*^^ ll*x:*^^ PRESIDEN OroERS'-PM^tHRUST^STAfffiARDTOIL ':-M WARN S SENAT E LATINJSIERICAN S MENAC E OU PEAd ZZSUU. IRON MEN'S EYES ARE ON ITASCA Steel Trust Gobbles Rich Proper- tiesTo Extend Railroad from Hibbing to Bovey. There is something doing in Itasca county. This vast domain hitherto sup posed to be important chiefly for its timbered tracts has suddenly be come the center of interest to the iron mining interests. Tdie western end of the great Mesaba iron range, which fur nishes so many rich pre bodies thru St. Louis county on feast, lies in Itasca county. For years mining experts have believed that the or&a to be found on the western end of tne range in Itasca county were "lean'"and not nearly so valuable as those taken out i St. Louis county. Nevertheless, prospectors and drillmen have not overlooked the Itasca possibilities :and within a few years the course of the range westward, into that county has been pretty, thoroly investi gated and numerous' pockets o ore lo cated. Now, very much the surprise of the expert's, the westermost of the mines has been found to yield perhaps the richest Bessemer ore located on the range. This is the Canisteo mine at Bovey, seven miles east and north of Grand Eapids. And simultaneously with this announcement comes the news that the steel trustwhich watches Minnesota iron developments with the intentness of a hawkhas secured con of the Canisteo property. Not only has this been donev but the steel trust thru its subordinate company, the Oli ver Mining company, has closed an op tion on the Arcturus property, and has also secured the Diamondand just east of the- Dillon Ripley. This offer -was refused, will, be extendedf%o Grand Eapids, thus Mr. Hyde' has suggested a plan for i giving that thriving county seat a new the mutualization of the society, pro- i railroad and,a connection with Duluth viding for the appointment of a repre committee, its composition to be such that no charges of one-man rule can be made against it. The Hyde also offered to mutualize the company and then have the board of di rectors directly responsible to the pol icy-holders for the active management. This plan was also rejected, the oppo sition claiming that as the majority of the directors--were Appointed- by the Hyde interests, thef ffesiftua 'result would be to strengthen ifcna^Hyde. sJenL. property, both Caniste practically part of the same deposit. Extension of Trust Road. The first result of this invasion of Itasca county by the steel trust will be the extension of the trust railroad, the Duluth, Missabe -& Northern some thirty-five miles westward from Hib bing to Bovey. Eventually this branch in addition to that it "has by way of the Great Northern. Two surveys for this extension have been completed each winding up' at Bovey, and it is under stood the road will be built this sum mer. There are als6 signs of great activity on the part of tbesteel trust in develop ing its new properties. Contracts have been let for lay-'gedown 4,000 tons of coal at Bovey,-^wS-^now "v^thout a railroad^ to be usK in connection with a vast quatitiy of "Sordwood already ac cumulated in pushing operations. The explanation of the trust's eagerness to begin the work of stripping kand deep mining at the Canisteo is said to lie in the fact that it is desired to use the rich ore for mixing with its ores mined farther east. The Itasca ore is low inmonths. phosphorus and thus becomes very val uable for mixing purposes to bring the St. Louis ores up to good furnace stand ard. The deposits are understood to be very extensive, a drill penetrating 300 feet without going thru the. deposit. Great Northern Caught Napping. In this connection there has been a very interesting contest on between the Great Northern and the turst road for the prospective tonnage of this new territory. The Great Northern by build ing eight miles of road from Nashwauk, Itasca county, where there are a num ber of valuable properties, to Bovey might have secured this tonnage and prevented the trust from getting in., "WHAT'S THE MATTER WITH KANSAS? Kansas is all right 1 lAjidhe's gojng to have some help in this fight. S %?$? JAMES RUDOLPH Special to The Journal. Virginia, Minn., Feb. 16.The taking over of the Canisteo holdings by thej| United States Steel corporation is tho most important mining deal that has been closed on the Mesaba range in The Canisteo properties are on the western Mesaba, and ar low-grade propositions. Most of the ore is large ly mixed with sand and must be put thru a washing process before it can be shipped to the furnaces. The prop erties are said to contain 138,000,000 The Diamond and Arcturas mines lie in this district, and it is thought that these properties will also be purchased by the steel people. FIRE IN PENNSYLVANIA TOWN. Erie, Pa., Feb. 16.Fire at Edlnboro, the state normal school town, eighteen miles "south of here, today, fanned by a high wind, caused a loss estimated at $50,000, partly covered by insurance. QsKFinuo. PHOTO. BY C.MBBZ,W.i MmimwwnMWtmtmtmMMwtMtwttMtwi*ttMWtt Now, however, the trust has stolen a march by securing these properties and will head off the Great Northern exten sion by building in. The Great North ern is understood to be interested in some recent ore discoveries around Snowball lake, just west of Nashwauk, and some north of Bovey. If these turn out well the Great Northern may yet build a competitive line into the same territory and divide the tonnage with the Duluth, Missabe & Northern. W. D. Washburn, Jr., of this city, is interested in a town site proposition at Bovey, and other Minneapolis men are involved in the activities in that region. LOW-GRADE PROPOSITIONS But Virginia -eel*re tne Deal Is pt Great Importance. W.V.V,V, V.V. WMMr/m V/m.V/XV&XV. :VA*YMYMVMYl(te j* PHILIP PITT CAMPBELL, j Kansas Congressman Who Impelled the 2 S Standard Oil Investigation, S DULUTH ATTORNEY FALLS FIVE STORIES Claude S. Snively Meets Instant DeathTheory of Suicide Discredited. 16 PAGESFIVE O'CLOCK. Bpeoial to The Journal. Duluth, Minn., Feb. 16.Claude 8. Snively, a young attorney, fell from the fifth story of the Lonsdale building on the principal business corner of Duluth at 8:25 o'clock this morning and was instantly killed. The sight was a most horrible one. The young man struck head first on a spiked iron railing and then fell on the stone sidewalk with his blood and brains scattered all about. Not a sign of life was evident when he was reached by the first eye-witness. The manner of the accident is difficult to determine. There were but one or two witnesses, and they only saw him in the air as he was falling. He was in the office of Washburn, Bailey & Mitchell^ and was alone at the time. Some impression prevails that it may have been suicide, but there seems to be nothing to substantiate this theory. The theory of his employers is that fie leaned from the open window to getunacquainted a view of the town clock and lost his balance. He was 27, of excellent habits, moved in good society and was building up a practice of his own as well as working in the office.of the firm. S. Snively, a brother, is one of Duluth.'s leading business men and has been a resident of the city for twenty years or more. The two roomed at the same house and the brother declares that the theory of suicide is impossi ble. RATE BILL WILL PASS, DECLARES TOWNSEND Washington, Feb. 16.^Representative Townsend of Michigan, one of the au thors of the Esch-Townsend freight rate bill, talked with the president today re garding the prospects for the enactment of measure into law. Mr. Town send, who has canvassed the situation pretty thoroly, expressed the opinion that there was a chance for the passage of the bill by the senate at the present session. After his talk with the president, Mr. Towsend said that in the event no legislation on the rate question was en acted at this session, an extra session would be called by President Roosevelt for next autumn, perhaps in October. PLAGUE ABROAD IN AUSTRALIA. Victoria, B. Feb. 16.Mail advices were received from Australia by the steamer Moana of the outbreak of buand bonic plague in Sydney and Grafton. In consequence war on rats is being waged in Australian cities. Many plague-in rodents were found. :%$ GARFIELD TO SIFT TRUST'S METHODS Roosevelt Acts on Request of House, Moved by Kansas Congressman. KANSAS AS A STATE FIGHTS ROCKEFELLER Governor Will Probably Sign Oil Refinery Bill and Other -p Weapons. Washington, Feb 16.President Roosevelt has directed James Gar field, commissioner of corporations of the department of commerce and labor, to begin immediately the oil investiga tion requested by the house of repre^ sentatives yesterday in a resolution adopted unanimously. The investigation by direction of the president, will be rigid and comprehen sive. The president has directed a let ter to Commissioner Garfield in which he has given his directions and pre sented in outline his views. The inquiry will be pressed as rapidly as possible. The scope of the investiga tion and the time it will occupy cannot be indicated at this time. Bepresenta tive Campbell of Kansas, the author ot the resolution adopted by the house, had a conference with President Roose velt today. Mr. Campbell's idea is that the investigation should concern par ticularly the situation in the Kansas field, but he expressed to the president his belief that the. inquiry once begun would extend to the operations of the Standard Oil company in the Beau mont field of Texas and perhaps to other fields. What the House Wants. Hit in Another Place. Secretary Hitchcock today gave out a statement arraigning as a ''gigantic monopoly" the present lease by the In -raoo rt ifnj utmnni xo$tuej, urp pany of the "right to prospect lo oil and gas thruout the entire area of the Osage Indian reservation and explain ing the agreement reached several days ago for cutting off more than one-half of the lands operative under this lease during the next ten years. ROCKEFELLER IS SILENT Sogers, Too, Refuses to Talk About the New Fights. New York, Feb. 16.John Rocke feller, head of the Standard Oil oom pany, who is now in Lakewood, N J., has been informed of the action taken by the house of representatives, re questing the secretary of commerce and labor to investigate the crude-oil and petroleum situation, with special refer ence to recent developments in the Kansas field. Mr. Bockefeller received the news with considerable interest, but declined to make any comment. Officials of the company in this city also were disinclined to discuss the matter. H. H. Bogers said: "In view of the limited information which has reached me, and the fact that the Standard Oil company is al-, ready the subject of inquiry, I can say nothing regarding the matter. I am with the nature of the in vestigation which has been set on foot. In any event, I cannot see the proprie ty of a statement at this time." Only 915,000,000 Profit. New York, Feb, 16.The Standard Oil company of New Jersey, by a divi dend of 15 per cent for the current quarter, distributes $15,000,000 of prof its among the compact body of share holders in the $100,000,000 concern. I that rate of dividend were to be kept up thruout the year, every $100 share of stock would Teceive $60 profits and $60,000,000 would be divided by the shareholders. From 1891 to 1895 this company paid 12 per cent a year. Then dividends jumped to 44 per cent in 1903 and 36 in. 1904. I all. $406,000,000, or four times the par value of the capital stock, .JS%| has been paid. John D. Rockefeller is credited with the 6wnership of 310,000 shares of Standard Oil stock. This means a div idend of $4,650,000. STATE TO FIGHT OIL TRUST Bill for Refinery Passed by Kansas Lower House. Topeka, Kan., Feb. 16.A bill pro viding for the establishment of a state oil refinery has been passed by the Kansas house of representatives. Tin der its provisions a refinery will be erected at Peru, Kan. Another peni tentiary will be built there to provide convict labor for the refinery. An ap propriation of $401,000 is made fox building and maintaining the refinery 7 penitentiary. Governor Hoch wil i is believed, sign the bill providing for the erection -4 -**$! i [r The resolution requests the secretary of the department of commerce and la bor to investigate the cause or causes of the low price of petroleum or crude oil in the United States, especially in the Kansas field, and the unusually largiB margin between the price of crude oil or petroleum and the selling price of t_ refined oil and its by-produces also to ascertain whether tfiis is by reason of a combination or trust or a conspiracy in restrain of trade and commerce^ alBO as to whether or not any corporation or company, either buying or selling crude oil or petroleum, discriminates against* boycotts or blacklists any particular, section of the country. J-- The secretary of commerce and lafeor is requested to furnish the result of his investigation to congress "to the end that such iMmati,on may be used by^ congress as a basis for legislation or by^' the department of justice as a basis fors'lj legal proceedings.'' ft I am convinced that the Standard Oil company," said Mr. Campbell to day, "has furnished the government with a case in which it can be crimin ally prosecuted. I addition to the bovcott on the Kansas oil field, I am sure the Standard Oil company can be shown to violate the Sherman law. The oil from the Kansas fields is taken over to Kansas City. Mo., into another state, to the refineries. This makes the tran saction interstate commerce."