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PUBLICATION OFFICEMinneapolis, Mum.,
Journal building, 47-49 Fourth stieet S.
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ing. Northwestern visitors to Washington in
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W. Y. PERRY. Manage*
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phone, N. W., Main 280.
EAST SIDE OFFICECentral avenue and Sec
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TELEPHONEJournal has piivate switchboard
for both lines. Call No 9 on either line and
cal^ for department you wish to speak to.
Enforcement the Main Thing.
The state is not so much in need of
new laws to protect its school fund, as
it needs enforcement of the laws we
now have. New laws may do no harm,
but unless the policy of law enforce
ment is rigidly followed, they are a
waste of ink and paper.
This observation is called forth by
the facts in the Hubbard county case,
where the attorney general is suing to
vacate a patent on a half section of
state school land, which is covered
with excellent pine timber, and yet was
sold for $5 an aero* as "agricultural
The law provides that before every
sale there must be an estimate by three
appraisers, who must certify as to the
character and value of the land. The
auditor is to give these appraisers in
structions. One of the appraisers who
valued the state land in Hubbard coun
in 1902 telis The Journal that
they were not giv en time to see all the
land, but divided the county up. The
half section in litigation was not seen
by wo of them. The third appraiser
may or may not have seen it, as they
were advised by the auditor to accept
the statements of others as to tracts
which were isolated or difficult of ac
Either this piece of land was viewed
by only one man, who could not see
a pine forest, or else he followed the
auditor's advice and took the word of
some one else, equally blind. The cer
tificate signed by the three appraisers
was a mockery.
N wonder the state's school fund
has been dissipated. The state has
learned a costly lesson, and no doubt in
future the remaining timber and min
eral interests belonging to state funds
will be carefully guarded. The reform
will extend all the way down the line,
and it will no longer be possible to
give away tracts of pine timber "sight
unseen.'' It can do no harm to make
the law plainer, and to require absolute
a personal inspection of every tract
by three appraisers, but the main thing
is that the law be enforced.
The nearer the people, the farther from
Washburn vs. Draper.
The contributions of General Wash
burn and Mr. Draper to the Outlook
on the subject of tariff reform are both
from a republican standpoint and illus
trate as well as anything we have seen
lately the difference between eastern
and western republicans on this subiect.
Mr. Draper takes the stand that the
tariff must not be touched because once
before it was touched and thereafter
the country had a financial shock. Sen
ator Washburn takes the more hope
ful view that the tariff can and ought
to be revised by a republican congress
without causing any business disturb
ance worth noticing.
Mr. Draper maintains that conditions
have not so changed since the passage
o"* the Dingley law as to demand or ad
mit of any change in the tariff schedules.
ignores a rather significant change
in conditions to which General Wash
burn calls attention, viz., that we are
now selling many articles of our manu
facture abroad cheaper than we are sell
ing them at home, which at once knocks
out the argument that the tariff in such
cases is required to maintain either the
home market or the rate bf wages.
But it does something else besides, and
that something is that it enables the
American manufacturer to take his
large profits from the home market, and
prevent over-production by sending his
surplus abroad at a lower price. The
tariff is being used not to protect and
preserve Hie home market, but to ex
ploit the foreign market. This would
not be so bad, but for the fact that the
tariff insists on keeping the schedules
so high that foreign peoples cannot sell
Us anything. They evidently believe
that America can by means of a tariff
device hog all thtf commerce of all the
world. This cannot be done. The snake
swallowed itself only in a fable.
On the merits of the whole question
the representative of western repub
licanism makes by far the better show
ing, since the eastern man relies en
tirely upon the fears of the manufac
turer that tariff revision would mean
industrial disaster. This is the same
$ bugaboo the railroad men raise when
it is proposed to regulate rates, they
& cry that it will entail a reduction of
Ipl wages. I ought to be shown first that
N rates cannot be reduced without dis-
||f aster to the roads, and then they would
Pi' be called upon to tell us why, if the
raML government cannot reduce them, they
selves in the way of rebates in cash.
Tariff revision stands on much the same
footing. If the schedules cannot be
attacked with safety to the manufac
turer, how does it happen that he can
so gaily take them off in "the foreign
market t" Kr
General tariff revision, says Mr. Dra
per, would cause commercial depression
while being made would ^lfissen our
general prosperity after being made
would lower the wages of labor. All
of these calamities he predicates upon
the experience of the country with the
Wilson measure. But- General Wash
burn very clearly points out that tariff
revision by the friends of protection
can be accomplished without any of
these evils befalling us. shows that
the thing is not only feasible, but that
it is necessary, and that the republican
party would better do it unless the
business men wa nt to see the republican
party turned out and some other party
try it again.
W would all like to hear "Parsifal"
also a robin.
Governor Johnson's Speech.
Governor Johnson, in his speech be
fore the Merchants" club of Chicago,
discussed commercialism and political
integrity in a way that rather narrowed
the subject. It is not a question be
tween the east and the west, but one
between the right-thinking man and the
wrong-thinking man east Or west.
W are accustomed to view the east
as the home of narrowness and bigotry
on the tariff question, and to look upon
the west as liberal and progressive on
this subject. Yet it was only the other
day in the senate that a member from
North Dakota went to the length of vio
lating the constitution of the United
States in order to get into an appropria
tion bill a provision that would kill
off drawbacks on Canadian wheat im
ported into this country. The tariff
was long ago stated to be a local issue
and it does seem to have local applica
tions which are mortifying to the Amer
ican citizen, who, having no personal in
terest in a ny tariff, would like to see
our laws made just and fair to all men.
The governor's speech is a suggestive
one, however, raising the question
whether commercial and political integ
rity can be made to travel in a team.
Probably they cannot until commercial
men are unwilling to accept from the
government any advantage they would
not expect to obtain in a private rela
tion. When our captains of industry
are ready to say that th'e tariff which
has worked its work shall be removed,
when the corporation men are willing to
say that the monopolies which built
them up shall be operated in the inter
est of the people who originally owned
the monopoly, when these and other
changes shall have come over the
dream of commercial greed, then we
shall be able to view the government as
an agency for the general good and not
at all for the special profit of a few.
W shall in that event attain to a
higher class of public servants. They
will not be confronted with the de
mand to secure unfair advantages for
their constituents and will have a
chance to look fairly upon their duties
to all the people. W cannot go on
making illegal and immoral demands
upon our public servants and expect
them to maintain a high standard of
moral conduct. They must either de
nounce those who made them or they
must yield to demands that imme
diately sweep away their sense of moral
The St. Paul Globe intimates that the
Mueller assault is connected with a plan
of the boss gamblers of Minneapolis to
bring Mayor Jones to his senses on the
gambling question. It hardly seems nec
essary to say that the argument would
not reach the mayor any more than the
murder of a grand duke is likely to bring
about reforms in Russia. Reigns of ter
ror do not work in America. Besides,
there are laws to regulate vagrancy, and
if the out-of-job gamblers were really pro
moting crime in older to impress the may
or with their power, he might retaliate by
vagglng the whole bunch. The workhouse
has not lost its potency as an arm of
The sentiment in favor of a deep-well
supply of water dies hard. The latest
suggestion is that the city should take
some means of forcing the water into the
sand-beds under the city in order that
nature may filter it and deep wells give
it back to us. Such a plan has nothing
to recommend it except the acknowledg
ment that the water needs filtering. If we
are going to filter the water, why not do
it on top of ground, where we know that
we have it, instead of chasing it under
ground and taking a chance that we will
never, get it back by means of wells?
The Tribune's nervousness on the sub
ject of a home rule charter leads it into
many peculiar positions, for* instance,
one, that a home rule charter is merely a
device for increasing the chances for
reckless taxation. This looks very nice
in the face of the fact that the people of
Minneapolis, without a home rule charter
and without a charter that can be legally
amended at all, have been bonded more
vigorously in the past six years than they
could have been with a home rule char
ter and a special election every month to
vote on bonds.
The model saloon favored by Bishop
Potter was given a boom when the Rev.
Father John L. Belford, pastor of SS.
Peter and Paul's Catholic church of N ew
Tork, came out strongly in its favor and
declared he wished one such saloon could
be established on every block in his par
ish. With many, hdwever, the question
will remain whether hell can be improved
without being abolished. Still purgatory
may be a good temporary substitute.
The peanut politicians are- waking up to
the fact that the "patronage" of the old
state capitol is in the hands of a demo
cratic governor. That can be fixed all
right. Let some St. Paul member, Intro
duce a bill to put the building in the hands
of the chairman of the republican state
Just at present Santo Domingo is enjoy
ing a republican form of government, in
fact, two of them.
These little, cheap secret societies are
getting* a af&jthSggrip on the public schools.
are able to BO dften reduce them them- PeAaps the best way to abolish them is the city with typhoid for the past twelve
to give them free retn and to have so
many of them that the boys and girls be
gin to find out how asinine they are and
so get tired of them.
John Maynard Harlan, after a struggle
of nearly a decade with the party bosses,
has come Into the republican nomination
for mayor of Chicago. He represents the
cfvio reform element more clearly'than
any nominee of the past five campaigns.
To sho^f how thoroly stirred Kansas is
the Ottawa, Kan., Herald says it does,not
care if the state refinery does not pay.
"The man," it says, "who lams a brick
into the dog that bit him does not expect
to make anything on the brick."
Jay Cooke always thought that Du
tuth had a great future. This may be
true, but the trouble with a future is that
it is so far off. Give US' a good present,
like that of Minneapolis, for instance.
The attempt to rip the Hyde from the
Equitable Insurance company seems to
have failed. The size of Mr. Hyde's pile,
however, indicates that some of the rest
of us have been skinned.
Fra Elbertus has joined Russell Sage
in the war on vacations. Fra says they
are unnecessary and Bus says they are
unjust. Yet they are scriptural and very
The quiescent state of the senate may
be inferred from the fact that Bailey of
Texas has not made "a great constitu
tional argument" for nearly a week.
The senate and house have been wast
ing some good public time eulogizing the
late Senator Quay. The country has
never mourned Quay.
The president may be suspected of
wishing that Mr. Bryan wouldn't be quite
so horribly friendly. It carries suspicion
of somebody or other.
A number of sermons preached Sunday
indicate that George Washington was all
Governor Hoch has joined the war on
Standard Oil In Kansas. Here's Hoch.
Who is bleeding Kansas now?
WHAT OTHER PEOPLE THJNK
Believes In Fresh Air.
To the Editor of The Journal.
It is surprising to see the gross ignor
ance displayed by owners of buildings,
householders, flat owners, janitors and
tenants in regard to ventilation. Many
flat owners object to more than fifteen
minutes a day. All these ought to
know that fresh air can be warmed with
one-half the heat required to keep dead
air heated. Fresh air ia lighter, more
opaque, carries much more electricity
than dried, .cooked and baked foul air.
Every room in a house should be venti
lated ten minutes each hour.
D. McC. Scribner.
Revise the Commission.
To the Editor of The Journal.
In the last number of the Saturday
Evening Post Governor La Follette dis
cusses the government control of rail
ways, without going into the actual
workings of state railway commissions,
except In a general wa His campaign
is for the creation of such a board merely
and not to reform a commission which
needed it But the point I wish to call
attention to Is the Inference to be drawn
from his omission of Minnesota rates as a
basis of comparison with the high rates
of Wisconsin. He uses Iowa and Illinois
as the states with which he compares
present conditions in Wisconsin.
This, of course, is because for some
reason or other the rates secured here by
the commission are such that they are
no argument for the establishment of a
commission in Wisconsin
in our law or in its enforcement that
while we have the form of a commis
sion to fix fair and honest rates, we have
in fact a commission which fixes rates at
a scale which may practically nullify the
payment of a gross earnings tax and
make that "tax" also a form, and, one
which the people pay by the imposition of
There are some who believe that a little
turning over of the commission would
benefit of the state. The difficulty of
changing that board, it requiring tsvo
elections to change an adverse board to
one which might be effective, is a very
bad provision when applied to a board of
this character. The salary of $3,000 per
annum is low, very low, considering the
mammoth interests involved. Without
blaming the present board for the work
ings of an undoubtedly bad law, it does
seem that a new law should be drafted,
a new board elected every two years, its
number raised to five and the salary
doubled or trebled. I believe that if a
large business interest, such as the pub
lication of a metropolitan paper or the
management of a street railway, was so
situated as the state is In this regard, it
would take about twenty-four hours to
find the fault and remove It. This is
business and not politics. If the pruning
knife was used in such matters in time
of prosperity, there would not be in the
lean years the growth of socialism, single
taxlsm and Bryanism we now see. The
republican party does not desire another
task like that of '96, where by superhu
man effort the country was saved from
itself. The way to avoid., it is to prune
and trim the tree of state of rotten
branches and parasitic growths. Com
mence on the railway and warehouse
commission. W. E. Hewitt.
Mayor Eustis and the Water Question.
To the Editor of The Journal.
Less than one year ago ex-Mayoy Eus
tis addressed a mass meeting in the
courthouse, urging immediate action in
securing a nitration plant. ,He said: "Two
things are essential to life, bread and
water. W have the bread we want the
water." Continuing his speech he said
"While I was mayor this matter was
brought prominently forward and I be
Heve the action taken then was the
wisest that could have been taken at the
time. Not only pure water fs needed, but
an abundance of it. To this end the res
ervoir was established, and it was part
of the plan that a filter plant should be
put in in the future." Mr. Eustis gave his
hearty indorsement to the active cam
Former Alderman Gray rose slowly to
his feet soon after, and observed: "Ten
years ago we were trying to get the same
thing we are after now. But there were
only a few of us then, struggling to
make a start, and I can tell you it was
uphill work." Then pointing a lean finger
at the recent speaker, he continued,
"How about Mayor Eustis then? He was
against us. 'Let it alone,' he said to me,
'You'll hurt the city.' A general laugh
followed at the expense of the ex-mayor
of the silver tongue.
At the banquet given by the real estate
board on Wednesday evening this ver
satile man pleaded for delay in the matter
of securing pure water by filtration. "We
are over our typhoid fever scare. W all
realize that eventually we must provide
for a pure water supply, but we should
go slow. There is no need for hurry. Let
us have the experience jthat will come
with the spring floods, Let us be c6n-
servative in this matter."
The Mississippi .river water is-practi
cally the same water that has supplied
.'"""X pt*ar. i "iTjjnjrQirri from the lower
pumping statiohH^frnlnated, but other
wise it Is the same. According to the
state board of health in 1892 84 died here
from typhoid in 1893 there were 14ft
deaths in 1894, 101 deaths in 1895, 86
deaths in 1896, 67 deaths in 1897, 167
deaths in 1898, 89 deaths in 1899, 77
deaths in 1900, 79 deaths in 1901, 132
deaths in 1902, 60 deaths in -1903, 95
deaths in 1904, 103 or a total of 1,276
deaths from typhoid fever in thirteen
yearsnearly 100 each year.
Mr. Bustis said in substance: "Regard
less of the suffering and death from this
dirt disease which, tho preventable, has
scourged our city for years past, and is
not eliminated at the present time, let us
wait and count our dead this spring be
fore we spend any of our good money
straining the water."
It is a trifle difficult to follow a speaker
who entertains such views. Are we a so
ciety for enriching the undertaking es
tablishments? With so goodly a number
of our citizens in need of embalming
each year because of typhoid, the pro
posed university course in the art may
yet prove a popular one.
AT THE THEATERS
A peeping eye-1
at the hole of the Or
pheum curtain sees a splendid show this
week, without question the best since the
opening of the "home of refined vaude
ville." Horseplay and slapstick are ab
sent, but a series of acts is offered, almost
all of them worthy of headline honors.
The two most finished turns are those
of Herrmann and Miss Ravenscroft. Herr
mann has reduced his evening of magic
into a thirty-minute exhibition, eliminat
ing all of the. side play and giving a dash
of mystery that leaves his beholders with
a positive ^doubt of their own eyes and
senses. He Introduces several new illu
sions, of which the mirror-disappearance
is the most astonishing. The disappear
ing Hindu, however, appealed most
strongly to last night's audience. Herr
mann depends almost entirely upon appar
atus and gives little time to sleight-of
Added to natural grace and beauty, Miss
Ravenscroft has musical talent of excep
tional versatility. Her voice is pure and
strong and she mad,e an instant hit, with
her audience by refraining from the usual
plan of first giving a selection from grand
opera, followed by a ballad. Miss Ravens
croft gave the ballad and in a manner
that won her instant favor. Sunday night
audiences are usually "restless, but Miss
Ravenscroft held them in her power with
her two numbers on the violin. She had
mastered the selections, and left the au
dience unsatisfied because she would not
answer further encores. It is seldom that
musicians of her. pawer are heard on
Shields and Paul give a wonderful ex
hibition of lariat twirling, mingled with
acrobatic stunts. The act is new to vau
deville and made a big hit. The Clayton
White and Marie Stuart company gave
"Dickey," a one-act comedy, following the
lines of "Paris," In which the performers
made such a hit last week. They are
maintaining the interest this week.
McMahon's minstrel maids, eight in
number, have a pleasing act but need a
Helena Mora to add volume to the high
pitched work in chorus efforts. The set
ting of the act is in harmony, the color
scheme of the act embracing Louisiana
black, Mississippi red and Alabama green.
The casting of the Boise family appeals
strongly to those who follow physical cul
ture and its heaving muscles. Murphy
and Francis gave twenty minutes of gen
uine "coon business." Murphy or Fran
cis, whichever he may be, gave the Mo
bile buck in a style that set southern
born seat-holders to thinking of Illinois
Central depot platforms and "one-gailus"
performers The kinodrome closed the
show with a s^t of pictures which pro
voked the audience into an attempt to
encore. J Ritchie.
Like an ef hq, tJXjjffy, a. past, a bright
memory to the average theater-goer, but
quite unknown to the younger generation,
comes Hanlon's "Superba" to the Bijou
this week, bigger, better and brighter
than ever before.
After a long run of melodrama and musi
cal comedy, It Is refreshing to see some
thing different. And while "Superba" is an
old productionthis being its fourteenth
seasonit is different and really breaks the
monotony in a pleasant way. It has been
fect|even years since the production, or any
thing like it, has been seen on a Minne
The scenery used by Hanlon brothers
is larger and more costly than that used
in any play that has visited Minneapolis
this season. Curtain after curtain is usedi
in the tableau effects, while mechanical
devices almost without number are used!
in various parts of the production. And
the effects secured by these devices are
both beautiful and startling.
While there are few lines in the piec
they are well spoken, and the acting is
exceptionally good. Fred Hanlon, as Pier
rot, the leading clown, is a genius and his
every appearance on tjie stage means fun
for the audience. He is ably assisted by
George Hanlon, Jr., who appears as Cos
mos. Alfred Hanlon, as Dame Burden, is
also very funny.
The singing and dancing of Miss Belle
Gold, who takes the part of Gretchen, is
a feature of the performance and makes a
big hit with the audience. The "Rain
bow" chorus, consisting of eight young
women, all clever dancers, adds to the
variety of the production.
"Superba" bids fair to be the record
breaker of all the billings at the Bijou
theater this year. H. G. Davis.
Foyer Chat, i
"The Sho-Gun," the brilliant Ade-Lu
ders comic opera, opened a brief engage
ment at the Metropolitan last night, "The
Holy City," an impressive spectacle, was
the offering at the Lyceum. Both bills
will be reviewed in this column'tomorrow.
The brilliant George Ade comedy, "The
County Chairman," will be the offering
at the Metropolitan beginning Thursday
evening. A notable cast of players, in
cluding the famous character actor, The
odore Roberts, and, the eminent minstrel,
George Thatcher, are in the presentation.
James K. Hackett comes to this city
for the first time since he became a star,
presenting at the Metropolitan for the
half week opening next Sunday evening,
his latest success, "The Fortunes of the
A play with spirited action and a
pointed moral is said to be the "Light
house by the Sea," the new sensational
melodrama to be seen at the Bijou next
The new bill at the Unique theater this
afternoon includes Baader and Lavelle,
cycle equilibrists and acrobats George W.
Leslie, black-face nionblogist Mile. Aline,
hoop-rolling expert the Holdsworths,
banjoists and singers Toledo and Cam
eron in an operatic extravaganza, "The
Enchanted Grotto," illustrated songs and
moving pictures. An Ingenious photo
graphic illusion, "A Trip to the Moon,"
will be the feature of the latter.
BEST OF ALL
In my youth I longed to hear
Trumpet measures breathing clear
To the theme my heart should read
In my youth I longed to see
Shades Pierian ope for me
Laurel boughs float down my meed.
In my mid-age naught I care,
For the trumpet's hollow blare
Nesting wrens Its throat may stop.
In my mid-age I require
Peace and-shelter, household Are,
Ere their leaves the forests drop.
In my winter shall I still
Seek abroad with fretful will,
Wanting all thlt I have not?
Let me* swift ttfal ^chance forestall,
Say, "What's mhfe^ls best ot all.
Else it were not 4n my lot"
-iEdlth M. Thomas. In LinDhwottf
NEWS OF THE BOOK WOULD
THE UNEASY CHAIR
The Appalling Burden of Books.Like
Carthage on the mind of the old Roman.
is the burden of books on the mind of
The Uneasy Chair. If The Chair ever goes
mad, its vagary is likely to be: "Books
must be destroyed!" The burden would
not be so bad if the books were better, but
with them as they are for the most part
The Chair becomes semi-annually de
pressed to the verge of despair, following
the spring and fall book output.
The trouble is (and it sticks out like
a large and swollen sore thumb), that the
writers of most of the books, being fired
from our rapid-fire, high-muzzle-velocity
printing presses, are Writing chiefly for
lucre. They overlook the real reward of
the author, to obtain which presupposes
good woik. Dr. Henry van Dyke, before
the Lotus club in New York, recently told
what that reward was. He said:
"The real reward of an author doesn't
come in his pay. It comes in friendship.
To be a companion by the fireside or on
summer walks to cheer loneliness and as
suage pain to give a ray of pure, serene
sunshine to men whose hearts are tired
that is what is worth while!"
As evidence that gold or its paper
equivalent is the bait that draws books
from the minds (to be generous) of to
day's writers, speaking sweepingly, The
Chair heard yesterday that an author,
whose first story is just now hot from
the press, already had another book half
done. Of course, this does not prove that
this author, who is well supplied with the
wherewithal that smoothes life's way, is
writing merely for pecuniary gain, but it
raises a strong suspicion, especially in
view of the fact that book number one is
far from the finished work that one writ
ing for higher motives would be content
to put out.
Well, The Chair has voiced Its biyearly
plaint, and offered its prayers for better
things in the book world. Perhaps, in
deed quite likely, the plaint will do no
good, but The Chair will at least have
the consolation and rejuvenated hope that
spring from lofty meditations.
Unfair Competition.O. Henry, author
of Cabbages and Kings (McClure, Phillips
& Co, New York), tells a whimsical tale
of what he considers unfair competition in
the short-story field. A short time ago he
says he was in the office of a big maga
zine, and witnessed the return to a de
jected-looking young fellow of a couple of
manuscripts. "I am sorry for that fel-
low," said the editor. "He came to New
York from New Orleans a year ago, and
regularly brings some stories to our of*
flee. We can never use them. He doesn't
make a dollar by his pen, and he is get
ting shabby and pale." A month or so
later O. Henry saw the same writer in
the same office, and the editor was talk
ing to him earnestly. "You had better go
back to New Orleans," said that gentle
man. "Why?" said the young man.
"Some day I may write a story you may
want." "But you can do that just as
well in New Orleans," said the editor,
"and you can save board bills." "Board
bills," ejaculated the young man. "What
do I care about board bills! I have an
income of $20,000 a year from my father's
More than Instinct In Animals.A na
turalist who tells of wonders done by
coons, and even toads, showing a capacity
for reasoning, is William J. Long, author
of A Little Brother to the Bear. Mr.
Long writes of animals, some of which
build dams and canals, "some have defi
nite social regulations, some rescue com
rades in distress some bind their own
wounds, and even set a broken leg in a
clay cast, which is made more adhesive
by being mixed with fibers or feathers."
W can imagine John Burroughs saying
that Mr. Long is "stringing" his readers.
The broken leg setting stoiy, or one like
it, has already come under Mr. Burroughs'
criticism. But Mr. Long says his stories
are from his own observations thru thirty
years. It seems, therefore, to be a con
test of expert witnesses. At any rate,
Mr. Long tells his stories well.
Ginn & Co, Boston.
Luther's Works In English.Volume IV.
of the works of Martin Luther in English,
edited by John Nicholas Lenker, DD is
out. It bears the title Luther's Church
Postil, and is the translation of Dr. Len
ker and associates, and contains Walch's
analysis and Bugenhagen's summaries,
also an extended introduction on "Lu-
ther's Writings and the Lutheran Church
in the English-Speaking Countries of the
Lutherans In All Lands Company, Minne
apolis, #2 25.
The Drama of the Filipinos.When the
Filipino goes to see a play he expects ex
citement, and often he gets it in a meas
ure such as would surprise an American
theater-goers, even on a football night
Arthur Stanley Rlggs In The Journal of
American Folk-Lore for October-Decem
ber, speaking of the Filipino drama, says:
Certainly, If we judged by the effect pro
duced upon the native Filipino and his narrow
world, we should have a product of unsur
passed merit. What English or Amer
ican playwright, even in the time of the most
.serious wars, has succeeded In keeping an audi
ence on its feet, rabid with fury and frenzy,
for three hours' What play have we known, for
the sake of seeing which we would risk a term
in prison? Or have we ever been so powerfully
impressed that the performance might be said
to have been the mainspring of conversion to
Christianity? Such Influence belongs to the his
toric drama of the Filipino.
Galveston's Magnificent New Harbor Ac
commodations.Galveston is after success
with a big S. The facilities being put in
there for the loading and unloading of
ships and cars are something to make
one's eyes stick out, if we may accept A
Austin's account of the improvements
there, to be found in Pearson's for March.
Among other things he says:
With all the latest Improved electric ap
paratus for handling cargoes, a ship may be
loaded In less time at Galveston than aj: any
other port in the world. Loads are carried to
and from the ship holds by electric conveyors
cars are switched and shunted back and forth
by electric motors and pick. up their freight
without a moment's delay. One thousand load
ed cars a day are handled at the Southern Pa
cific docks alone, and an ocean-going steamer
may be loaded with grain In one hour. No
where in the world are better facilities for
handling freight to be found.
NL.V A STEP
Nebraska State Journal.
The vote on the state oil refinery bill
in the Kansas legislature shows that it is
but a step to state socialism In this coun
try, and that the people will take that
step whenever the large corporations be
gin crowding so bard that they think it
necessary. This aption ot the Kansas leg
islature ought to be pondered carefully
down in N ew York, where the manage
ment of the railroads and other big insti
tutions is now so largely located.
A GLEAM FROM THE GULLY
Gully (Minn.) Sunbeam.
The present leagislature, seems to be
anxious to make a record for twisting the
tails of the railway companys, but -weather
they are sincere in their doings, or are
simply introducing "leg pullers" time will
CHANGING OUR METHODS
While there are many opinions as to
the punishment of habitual criminals,
there is practically unanimity in favor of
abandoning the practice of .giving them
long terms in public office.
THE BALLAD OF THE ICE
"K A Uttta dish of broken ice
s, Lay basking In the sun, ^V^i^Ha
frs^ Its owner had forgotten it ife^, %j?
Before her work was done &%?-
But when she went to get the ice ^"wfe
And bring It in to tea.
She Yoand the lee was not what it
Had- been cracked up to be.
February 20, 1905.
MAY DO NO GOOD
LAWYER'S OPINION OF INTEREST
Supreme Court Decision Cited to Prove
that the Mere Stamping of "Paid
Under Protest" Will Not HoldSuch
Payments Declared to Have Been
"Voluntary." "Put no trust in the county treas
urer's rubber stamp 'Paid
writing and covers only the amount
rotestedthe supreme court held in May
1899, in the case of D. J. Falby
against the beard of county commis
sioners, that the payment is voluntary
and in spite of the fact that the pro
test was carefully made out, the case
was lost and the protest did not hold.
A far as I can see, the mere using of
the rubber stamp to make the protest
will be of no avail whateyer. When
the time comes to settle the cases the
people will not be dealing with the
county treasurer, but with the board of
Other similar cases are cited, notably
that of Loring and Brown against the
board of county commissioners. Lor
ing and Brown had for their attorney,
the late Judge Young. According to
the decision of the supreme court, the
payment was voluntary and the protest
was of no avail.
NEW PHI PSI HOUSE
Fraternity Plans to Build on University
The Phi Kappa Psi Twin City Alumni
association with the active chapter
from the university held its annual ban
quet at the Commercial Club Saturday
evening. W. M. Homer acted as toast
master. H. Hall of St. Paul re
sponded to the toast of "In Da ys of
Yore": J. G. Harrison of Duluth, "Our
La te Acquisitions" L. L. Longbrake,
"Politics" R. T. Hugo of Duluth,
"The Land of the Midnight Sun" Rev.
Mr. Jordan, "Sober Thoughts." George
S. Johnston, under the subiect, "Money
and Realty," presented the new chap
ter-house proposition. George Meader
gave vocal solo selections, and the chap
ter contributed several local songs.
The association has purchased a lot
on University avenue opposite the
campus and has plans well under way
for the erection of a beautiful chapter
O'BRIEN IS LIBERAL
Discusses Educational Matters at Uni
versity Catholic Association Banquet.
Insurance Commissioner Thomas D.
O'Brien of St. Paul, an address be
fore the University Catholic associa
tion banquet at the Nicollet Saturday
night, urged that all state education
must of necessity be non-sectarian.
said it was time for Catholics to re
member this and to cease their criti
cism of the public-school system as un
-just. So long as they held this view,
he said, so long would they not be in
position to improve it.
The banquet was largely attended
and toasts were responded to by J. C.
Byrne, Hubert Kelley, J. L. Gleason,
G. V. McLaughlin, Rev. H. Moynihan
and Rev. J. M. Cleary.
WILL PUSH OPERATIONS
Straw Board Manufacturing Company
Have Headquarters in Minneapolis.
Peter Prins, president of the Ameri
can Straw Board Manufacturing com
pany, incorporated last week, says that
the concern hopes to be in operation
within a few months. The headquar
ters will be in Minneapolis, but the
factory will be in one of the rural towns
near the base of supplies. Mr. Prins
has been engaged in straw-board manu
facturing for many years in Europe,
where the industry is conducted on a
larger scale than in America. The
boards are cheaper than lumber and are
preferred to lumber for many purposes.
Anything, from boxes to furniture and
houses, can be made from the material,
which can be molded into a ny form.
SITE FOR GARAGE
Moulton & Jordan Company's Shop
Will on Fourth Street S.
The Moulton & Jordan company has
decided upon a site for itB new garage
on Fourth street between Second and
Third avenues S. The building will be
two-story brick, 160 feet long and 40
feet front. The machine and repair
shop will be on the second floor. A
locker system will be provided for per
sons using the storageroom. Work will
begin on the excavation at once. It
will cost $15,000.
The Wisconsin Central will on the first
and third Tuesday of each month sell
tickets at one fare plus $2 for the
round trip to all points south and south
west: for further information call on
or address, V. C. Russell. C. P. & T. A".,
230 Nicollet avenue, Tel. 355, T. C.
Inauguration of President Roosevelt
Very Low Bates to Washington Via
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.
For the above occasion the Baltimore
& Ohio Bailroad will sell tickets from
Chicago to Washington and return at
$17.75 good going March 1, 2 and 3,
valid for return until March 8, subject
to extension to March 18 on payment of
$1. For through rates apply to your
nearest Tickot Agent. For full par
ticulars send for circular to R. C. Haase,
N. W. T. P. A., St. Paul, Minn.
Settlers' Bates to Points in the South
On the first and third Tuesday of
each month, January to April, inclu
sive, the Chicago Great Western railway
will sell one-way tickets to points in
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky,
Louisiana, Mississippi, North and South
Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia at
very low rates. For further informa
tion apply to B. Heard, General
Agent, corner Nicollet avenue and Fifth
$32.90 to California.
Tickets on sale daily after March 1
via the Minneapolis & St. Louis B.B.
New Pullman tourist cars twice a week.
Wednesdays via Kansas City and the
popular Santa Boute, Thursdays ia
Omaha and the
WILL OBST'ffBATS" HOI
SUPERINTENDENT JORDAN AN
RID HIGH SCHOOLS OF THEM.
placed on the personal ta pa
1ers, was the advice today of several
awyers who have tried to get in
valid taxes refunded by the county com
missioners. Even if the house should
fiass the tax protest bill, the stipula
ions are that the protest be made in
writing and that it shall cover only that
portion of the tax paid which it is
wished to protest. Again, if the bill
is passed it will not be retroactive.
"If I were to advise the people,"
said C. H. Rossman today, 1 should
say not to pay the tax until the last
possible day. that time the house
will probably have acted on the bill. A
it is even if the protest be made without causing a clash between" "tl
The opposition to high school fr:
termties expressed at a meeting of tl
Connecticut Association of Classic
and High School Teachers Saturday wt
anticipated by Superintendent C. 1
Jordan and the high school principa
of Minneapolis. The evils of such
ganization, the authorities declare, haj__
been recognized in Minneapolis almo
from the beginning and they have bet
steadily opposed by the school authoi
Last year it was decided to try 1
eradicate the trouble by persuasion, thi
the influence of the parents. In purs
ance of this resolution, letters were a
dressed to all of the parents of tl
Central and East high districts askii
their aid in abolishing the high scho
fraternity system and setting fnrth tl
vie ws of the school authorities on tl
subject. While this may have bon
some fruit and led some parents to ke
their children out of such association
it has not made a ny material different
with the fraternities, for they have be
maintained with their usual strengt
Dr. Jordan is determined to remo"
these organizations on account of tT~
neglect of school work resulting fro
their absorption of the pupils' time ar
interest. He has not yet decided wh:
action he will take, but hopes to
vise some plan which will be effects^^.
schools and the fraternities and the
Several cities have undertaken tl
suppression of these organizations wif
varying results. The matter has be
carried into the courts and in son
cases the school authorities have bee
upheld and in others the fraternitie
SKATERS AMAZE CBICAG
NORTHWESTERN CRACKS MAE
WINDY CITY SIT UP AND LOO:
ABOUND. With every available point, of vai
tage occupied by the 12,000 spectatoi
who surrounded the six-lap-to-the-mi
course at Garfield park, Chicago, yeste
day, Norval Baptie of Bathgate, N IT
and Harley Davidson, the St. Paul pr
fessional. who holds seven world's re.
ords and the Canadian championship
gave performances on the steel runnei
yesterday, the like of which has neve
before been seen in Chicago.
Baptie and Davidson were the ste
attractions in the tournament held ui
der the auspices of the Garfield Par_
Skating club, and went to Chicago &
the guests of the Western Skating a
sociation. Owing to the poor conditio
of the ice, which thawed as the afte
noon progressed, the professionals di
not try for records, altho Davidso
made the half-mile in the remarkabl
time of 1:261-5.
Baptie made his first appearance
pacemaker in the mile scratch race
amateurs. The champion's speed, hov
ever, was so great that he soon lo*
the amateurs and had to slacken up
give them the pace. Baptie ga ve a
exhibition of his "fox chase," but OT
ing to the lack of skaters of a ny ol&t
to follow him, did not get much of
chance to show his ability. WB
pursued by four novices and easil
eluded them, the event creating muo -f-
amusement. Baptie also gave an zh
bition at backward skating.
ART IN THE CAPITOL
State Society's Exhibit to on Vis*
The new quarters of the Minnesot
State Art society in the capitol will b"t
formally opened this evening with
private# view and reception given
the society to the members of the legii
lature and their wives. The annual ei
hibition of the society will be on vie^i
The fine collection of art works include
paintings, statuary, architectural an
The guests will be received by th
officers juid advisory board of the sc
ciety, Governor and Mrs. J. A. Johnso
and ex-Governor and Mrs. S. B. a
Sant. There will be addresses by th
governor, Mr. Van Sant, Robert Koeb
president of the society, and otheri
The exhibition will continue thru nex
week and will be open to the publi
from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. daily and
Sunday from 2 to 6 o'clock p.m.
Following the St. Paul exhibition th
collection will be taken to Winona
where it will be shown from Maroh 1.
to April 1. Prizes aggregating $40*
will be awarded to Minnesota artist
and art students. The judges makinj
these awards will be elected by the ex
hibitors. EULOGIES OF WASHHTOTOI
Bev. Marion Shutter Praises tin
Peace Work of the Patriot. i
^'Washington, First in Peace." was
the theme of the morning services a
the Church of the Redeemer yesterday
Rev. Marion Shutter declaring thai
the father of his country performec
greater deeds in peace than in war. Ii
the evening services the subject waTf"
"Washingto n, First the Hearts o: I
His Countrymen," and was largely
comparison with Lincoln.
Rev. Mr. Shutter declared that i'
was difficult to compare Washingtoi
and Lincoln, that it is impossible to saj
which is the greater. "Both accom
lished the work which God intendet
them," said he. "While Washing
ton's work covered a broader range-t
Lineoln's was concentrated upon a sin
two, only $6.75, on J. G. BickeL B."H. JHewO. JW AjCWt, pox,apply NM
city ticket aent., 424 Nicollet av. Ave and 5th St^MiJineajBolii.
point. Washington formed an era
controlled a crisis."
DOESN'T DENT CHARGE
Kaufman, Accused of Embesztanent,
Brought to Minneapolis.
Sheriff J. W. Dreger and Deputy"
Mrs. Charles Smith of Jimes, Ohio
writes: I have used every remedy
for sick headache I could hear of fol
the past fifteeen years, but Carter *j
Little Liver Pills did me more goo!
than 'all the rest. -3F
Sheriff George Loth returned last night
from Sault Ste. Marie. They brought
with them W. V. Kaufman, accused oi
embezzling $700 from the E Ryan
company. The prisoner came willingly
and does not deny that he appropriated
his employer's money, but says that he
thought his brother would pay up hit
deficit for him.
Kauffman was in police eourt thir-^-
morning on a charge of embezzlement
His hearing was set for Thursday anfi
bail was fixed at $1,000.
The records of the daydeaths,
births, marriages, hotel arrivals, rail
road time tables, real-estate transfers
building permits and other information
of interestwill be found, together
with want advertisements, on page 12
of this issue.
wo Through Tourist Oars to California^
The Chicago Great Western Railway
offers choice of two through tourist
cars every week to California, one leav
ing Minneapolis and St. Paul Tuesdays
via Omaha and the Bock Island Boute,
arriving San Francisco 5:20 p.m., Satur
day, the other leaving on Thursdays via i
Kansas City and the Santa RoutA
arriving at Los Angeles, 8:25 a.nu, Mosp