Ironmaster Turns to New Benefac
tion, Giving Huge Sum for
HEADS OF COLLEGES
Steel Trust Bonds to Help Men in
the United States, Newfound-
^j land and Canada.
,TEN MILLION FOR
VThn Has Given Ten Millions far Super
New York, April 27.A gift of
$10,000,000 by Andrew Carnegie to pro
vi de annuities for college professors
who are not able to continue in active
service, waB announced today by Frank
A. "Vanderlip, vice president of the
Nation al Citv bank of New York.
Professors in the United States, Can
ada and Newfoundland will share
the distribution of the income of the
United States Steel corporation 5 per
cent first-mortgage bonds for $10,000,-
000 have been transferred to a board
of trustees and steps will be taken at
once to organize a corporation to re
ceive the donation. Dr. Pritchett, pres
ident of the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, and Mr. Vanderlip have
been selected by Mr. Carnegie to ob
tain data on the subject to be present
ed at the first meeting of the trustees,
which wi ll take place on Nov. 15.
Half Million Yearly Income.
Mr.Vanderlip, inyannouncing the gift,
Andrew Carnegie has transferred to a
board of trustees, consisting In the main
of presidents of the moat Important col
leges in the United States and Canada,
$10,000,000 first mortgage 5 per cent steel
corporation bonds, to provide annuities
for college professors who, from old age
or other physical disability are no longer
In a position to render the most efficient
It is Mr. Carnegie's belief that this fund
will not only provide a dignified pension
system for a body of most worthy, self
sacrificing and poorly paid men, but that
It will be of distinct value to the cause of
education In offering an opportunity to
the trustees of a college to retire mem
bers of the faculty who have faithfully
served the Institution for many' years,
and to replace such men with young,
vigorous and efficient professors.
Steps will at onqe be taken to organize
a corporation to formally receive the be
quest. The first meeting of the trustees
has been called for Nov, 15.
The bonds which Mr. Carnegie has so
generously donated have a market value
of $11,000 000, and will produce an income
The corporation which is being formed
will be styled "The Carnegie Founda-
Carnegie Tells Plans.
Mr. Carnegie's letter to the trustees
is dated April 18. and is as follows:
I have reached the conclusion that the
least rewarded of all the professions is
that of the teacher In our hijjher educa
tional institutions. New York city gen
erously, and very wisely, provides retir
ing pensions for teachers in her public
schools and also for her policemen. Very
few indeed of our colleges are able to do
so The consequences are grievous. Able
men hesitate to adopt teaching as a ca
reer, and many old professors whose
places should be occupied by younger
men cannot be retired.
I have, therefore, transferred to vou
and your successors as trustees, $10,000,-
000 6 per cent first mortgage bonds of the
United States Steel corporation, the rev
enue from which Is to provide retiring
colleges and technical schools In our own
country, Canada and Newfoundland,
under such conditions as you may adopt
from time to time Expert calculations
show that the revenue will be ample for
Three Classes of Schools.
The fund applies to the three classes of
Institutions named, without regard to
race, sex, creed or color. We have, how
ever, to recognize that state and colonial
governments which have established or
mainly support universities, colleges or
schools may prefer that their relations
shall remain exclusively with the state.
I cannot, therefore, presume to include
There is another class which states do
not aid, their constitutions some cases
even forbidding it, viz, sectarian institu
tions. Many of these established long ago
were truly sectarian, but today are free
to all men of all creeds, or ot nonesuch
are not to be considered sectarian now.
Only such as are under control of a sect
or require trustees (or a majority thereof).
Officers, faculty of students, to belong
to any specified sect or which impose any
theological test are to bo excluded.
Trustees and Their Terms.
Trustees shall hold office for five years
and be eligible for re-election. The first
trustees shall draw lots for one, two, three,
four or five-year terms, so that one-fifth
shall retire each year.
pontinued on 2d Pag e, 6th Column.
Congregationalist Clergymen Re
turn to the Charge Against
Gladden Says Church Must Keep
Itself Free from Such Al
Boston, April 27.Herbert W. Glea
son, secretary of the committee on Con
gregationalist clergymen which has
been opposing the acceptance by the
American Board of money from John
D. Bockefeller, today made public a
long' statement which Dr. Washington
Gladden, the moderator of the council
of the Congregational church in this
country, read yesterday before the pro
testing committee. Dr. Gladden an
swered several declarations made by
the prudential committee behalf of
the American Board by repeating argu
ments previously made by him in inter
views, particularly with reference to
the contention that the money should
not be accepted because of Mr. Rocke
feller's connection with the Standard
Oil company, which. Dr. Gladden said,
"it is a matter of common knowledge,
has frequently been convicted, some
times out of its own mouth, of trans
gressions of the laws of the land.''
Judge Denounced Rebates.
A "judge of the United States dis
trict court," was quoted as havi ng
"denounced the "Standard Oil com
pany 's system of rebate as 'gross, ille
gal and inexcusable,' and 'the discrim
ination complained of in this case as
being so wanton and oppressive that it
could hardly have been accepted by an
honest man having a due regard for
the rights of others.'
Dr. Gladden reviewed at length the
history of the Standard Oil company in
various states where, he said, there had
been violations of the law, and he as
"The company has played continual
ly with stacked cards and loaded dice."
The company's alleged system of re
bates was condemned as an "abhorrent
practice," and Dr. Gladden added:
There is nothing more startling or more
ominous in American history than the
fact that such a tremendous industry has
been permitted to go on vear after year,
with no interference by the government.
Of this kind of extortion, Mr. Rockefeller
has the credit of being the inventor.
Bockefeller Not Singled Out.
W are often asked why
pensions for the teachers of universities^ teamsters had struck.
One hundred and ninety drivers of
the A. M. Forbes Cartridge Co. struck
today. The strike of the Forbes men
had the effect of interfering partly or
wholly with the teaming of sixty other
firms for whom the Forbes company
we single out
this man for reprobation. If the answer
has not already been given, it is enough
to say that we did not single him out. It
was the prudential committee who sin
gled him out by soliciting his donation.
W object to his gift because it is now
before us for judgment.
It is said there are others from whom
a grift would be equally objectionable
Even If that were true, no gifts have been
offered by those others, and it will be
time to decide about them when they are
offered. If we accept in our Christian
work the alliance of the Standard Oil
company* we can. refuse no other alliance
with oppressors and despoilers of the
To say that we will not testify against
this iniquity because others are nearly or
quite as heinous, is practically to say
that we will testify against no iniquity
that in the presence of all this wrong we
will shut our eyes and seal our lips.
If the church wishes to regain Its hold
upon the people who heard its master
gladly, it must keep itself free from such
alliances as these. Failure here will be
the costliest blunder the church has ever
Store Teamsters Extend Labor
Warfare and the Express
Chicago, April 27.The teamsters'
strike, which hitherto has affected less
than one hundred men and has been
confined to a boycott of Montgomery
Ward & Co., spread today to the whole
sale and retail houses of Marshall Field
& Co. and Carson, Pierie, Scott & Co.,
and to the wholesale house of the J. V.
Strike pickets, with orders to prevent,
if possible^ the handling of any goods
by non-union men were placed about
the stables, stores and warehouses of
the firms named.
Drivers for the railway express com
panies refused today to haul or deliver
goods to the firms against which the
ARE REPORTED KILLED
New York Sun Special Service.
Peking, April 27.Four French mis
sionaries, captured by savage tribes in
the vicinity of Batangang, which is sit
uated near the frontier Sze-chuan and
Tibet, are said to have been put to
death. A Chinese assistant was mur
dered while trying to effect their res
cue, and it is reported the missionaries
also have been put to death.
OASTRO FOR ARBOR DAY
Issues Decree Setting Aside May 23 as
Washington, April 27.President
Castro has issued a decree, setting
aside May 23 to be observed annually
as'Arbor Day of the Venezuelan repub
lic. This is the anniversary of the day
on which President Castro took up arms
against the government of which he
subsequently made himself the head.
HENRY G. GOIX,
Named as Bigelow's Accomplice is Big
fa jrv jr'f v y$
VICTIM OF SMITH'S
KNIFE IS DEAD
Fred Matthews of Anoka Dies of
His Wounds Received in
Special to The Journal.
Anoka, Minn., April 27.Fred Mat
thews, who was stabbed yesterday
afternoon in Myers & Hmes' saloon,
died at 7:40 this morning.
Ni ck Smith, the murderer, is about
28, and was released from the Henne
pin county workhouse in February. The
murder was provoked to some extent,
Matthews, according to some witnesses,
threatening to strike Smith, and slap
ping him in the face, according to
The body of Matthews bears three
wounds, but the one in the abdomen,
which permitted the entrails to pro
trude, was the fatal one. All were
made by a sharp pocketknife, which
is in possession of the authorities.
Smith was drunk at the time of the
tragedy and hardly recalls it. does
not yet know that his victim is dead,
but notwithstanding is in a hysterical
condition and cries and raves at in
Smith has been working in the coun
try districts around here for a month
or so.. Wh en in town he generally spent
his time in, drinking places.
A inquest will be held some time
TRADING STAMP STORE*
RAIDED IN INDIANA
a Fayett e, Ind., April 27.Warned
by merchants that a local trading sta mp
company was moving its stock from this
city on account of financial trouble, an
excited jostling crowd of more than a
hundred men, women and children
raided the company's store in Main
street today. Holders of the green
stamps crowded into the store and took
possession of the first things they could
lay their hands on. Vases, lamps and
articles of furniture were broken be
fore the crush was ended and within
half an hour the well-stocked estab
lishment had been stripped of house
hold furnishings and other furnishings
that had been Kept for the^ redemption
of trading stamps.
THREE MILLIONS DEBTS
Defaulting President's Statement
of Assets and Liabilities
Astounfs. the City.
OF PAST 20 YEARS
head of Grant & Ward,
1884John O. Eno, presi
dent Second National
bank, New York 3,000,000
1899P J. Olaassen,
president, and H.
Pell, Sixth National,
Lennox Hill and Equit
1891Gideon M. Marsh,
president Keystone Na
tional, Philadelphia 1,000,000
1891John T. Hill, presi
dent Ninth National,
New York 400,000
1894Samuel 0 Seeley,
bank, Perth Amboy,
trusted clerk, Eliza
bethport Banking com
1900C. L. Alvord^ note
teller, First National,
New York 700,000
1900Frank M. Brown,
assistant cashier, Ger
an National, ^New
1901Henry J. Fleisch
man, cashier, Farm
ers and Merchants'
bank, Los Angeles, Cal. 150,000
1902Frank O. Andrews,
vice president, City
Savings hank, Detroit,
Milwaukee, April 27.Frank a. Big
elow, the defaulting bank president,
has confessed an indebtedness to banks,
commercial institutions and estates of
which he had charge which will aggre
gate between $2,000,000 and $8,000,000,
and based on his confession, a volun
tary petition in bankruptcy has been
filed in the United States district
court, which contains the names of as
many of Mr. Bigelow 's creditors as he
can remember, together with a list of
assets on which Mr. Bigelow's valua
tion is $1,419,000.
Debts All Over Country.
his own admission his creditors
extend all over the United Statfs. One
estate has been looted, his unsecured
indebtedness to the Brodhead estate
being $100,000. It is also believed
other trusts ^kfiNJafcy -the ex-banker
Those famdliac wfthsthe-situation fear
his liabilities will'run up to consid
erably more than his present estimate,
jas they believe subsequent revelations
will reveal transactions of even a more
Charles P. Spooner, attorney, who
filed the voluntary petition in. behalf of
Mr. Bigelow,# was compelled to make
up the petition in such a short time
that it is far from complete and will
necessarily have to be amended.
No Record of His Deals.
Mr. Bigelow had no system of keep
ing a record of his financial transac
tions, and the schedule of liabilities
and assets had to be made up from
a list made in pencil on half a sheet
of note paper in Mr. Bigelow's hand
Mr. Bigelow was not positive of the
names of some of his creditors, nor
of the nature of some of the compa-
Continued on 9th Pag e, 3d Column.
SETTING OUT TROUBLE FOR HIMSELF.
The PowersHe will grow switches for his own punishment out of that tree. */t
Son of Prank G. Bigelow, and Blamed
cr the Crash,
$ !V o*
FOUND IN SEWER
Silks and Dress Goods, Taken in
Weinberg Raid, Discovered
Valuable silks and dress, goods stolen
from the store of Benjamin Weinberg,
1315 Washington avenue N came near
causing trouble for the sewer engineer.
Since the store was robbed by burg
lars last week, the police have been
seeking the goods. Last night a crowd
of boys had gathered on Thirteenth av
enue# and Fourth street to play ball,
and in the course of the game, the ball
rolled down the sewer .opening. It was
a "real league" ball and one of the
boys went down the shaft to recover it.
Striking a match to see the lost sphere,
he was surprised to find himself stand
ing on a bolt of silk. Lifting this up
he delved deeper and discovered an as
sortment of dry goods worth $500.
The partol wagon took the stolen arti
cles to headquarters, where they were
identified today by Mr. Weinberg.
BY SOUTHERN TRIP
Berlin, April 27. Reports have
reached Berlin that tl^e kaiser's health
has not been benefited as much asJs^pedSt
or his Mediterranean cruise. [is-
physicians again have had to warn him
of the absolute necessity of taking un
disturbed rest. So far his holiday,
while bringing a change of air. has
proved nothing but the continuous
round of fatiguing visits and cere
monies, and it has done him no good
whatever. His majesty felt so indis
posed at Taormine that he was unable
to appear at the garden party especially
organized for him, and spent the whole
day in his apartments. The empress is
uneasy regarding the kaiser's condition.
PEARSONS GIVES $135,000
Chicago Man Gives More Money to
Colleges in the South.
Chicago. April 27.Br. K. Pear
sons of Chicago announced today gifts
to five southern colleges. The amounts
donated range from 10,000 to $50,000.
The total amount of the gif ts is
Mabel Ward, Hammon's Sweet
heart, Beady to Help Alibi
Manley Notes Admitted.
From a Staff Correspondent.
Anoka, Minn., April 27.Will a
little quarrel over three transfers prove
indirectly the means of sending Orlin
Kalderwit, Charles Hammon and John
Kolb to the gallows?
The incident will be a strong link
the chain of evidence being drawn
about Kalderwit, the first of the three
prisoners now on trial for the murder
of Freddie King on Nov. 22. On ac
count of it the state will prove that
the three prisoners were actually on
their way to Columbia Heights on the
Julian Gautfeld, conductor on the
Eighth and Central line, will testify
for the state that the three rode to
the end of the line on his car on the
night of the murder. Gautfeld took
the car at the East Side station after
the fares had been paid to his prede
cessor. The three prisoners asked him
for transfers to the stub line. A he
had not received their fares he was
obliged to refuse. A quarrel followed,
which caused him to remember the
three perfectly. Finally Gautfeld gave
them the transfers.
These transfers were never used and
will figure in the case. After reach
ing the end of the line, the trio waited
over one car, making their transfers
useless. Wh en they took the stub they
paid cash to Manley, the conductor.
A most passengers have transfers,
Manley remembered the three.
Manley's testimony, like a voice
from the dead, was given to the jury
today, by L. E. Stetler, the stenograph
er, who took it before the accident
which caused Manley's death.
IN KOCH CASE WAS
ONE OF GEORGES'
MAY MEAN NQOSE
It Caused Central Avenue Con
ductor to Remember Kalder
wit and His Pals.
Mabel Ward Appears.
Another woman in the case appeared
today. She is Mabel Ward, and will
be a witness for the alibi. She was
living a the Grand Central hotel with
Hammon. She stated to the police
that the three played cards in her room
until late on the night of the murder
and did not leave the hotel that night.
know the boys are innocent,"
she "said. I ajm glad I can be here
to testify for them. I will do any
thing and everything possible to help."
A the opening of cpuet-Bhe smiled
^eetJ^fttJh^prjs,qjies, who seemed
.'pleased tb^'roe her." 1she wre a, brown
tailormade suit, a picture hat, and'a
black fur stole with whi te bars. Her
ow and her clear complexion and
eyes against the background of
auburn hair made her a conspicuous
figure. A the first opportunitv she
rushed across the courtroom to the
prisoners, and affectionately greeted
them. The four talked together a few
moments. Then Kolb and Kalderwit
withdrew. Hammon and the girl be
gan' an earnest conversation, which was
at times broken by her light, gurgling
Manley Notes Admitted.
A the opening of court today Mr.
McGhee entered a vigorous protest
against allowing L. E. Stetler to give
the testimony of Manley, the dead wit
ness, for the state. Judge Guddings
ruled that the evidence was admissible,
as Manley had appeared in person at
the preliminary hearing and the de
fense had been given opportunity to
Stetler was allowed to read the tes
timony from his shorthand notes. The
dead man's identification of the three
suspects had been complete. McGhee
closely questioned the witness as to the
stenographic character for the words
"complexion" and "overcoat." In
transcribing, the stenographer had mis
taken the character for "complected"
and had written "overcoat."
made the characters and McGhee of
fered them as an exhibit. This testi
mony will probably be attacked in the
plea to .the jury.
N Young Morey Called.
George W. Morey, who testified yes
terday, was recalled and questioned
concerning the time necessary to make
the trip from Washington avenue to
the end of the Central avenue line, and
from there to the end of the stub line.
Mike Krisko, Sr., was then recalled,
and an attempt made to impeach his
testimony of yesterdav. W. A. Blanch
ard, assisting Mr. McGhee, asked if
the witness did not in February last
state to John Fleetham, and Lawrence
Eeynolds of Columbia Heights that he
could not identify the hold-up men.
The witness could not remember such
The first witness this afternoon was
David Wright, who was on the car
going to Columbia Heights with the
Many State Witnesses.
The state has a long list* of witnesses
and hopes to rest Friday night. In ad
dition to those already sworn the state
has the following yet to come, all from
Minneapolis or Columbia Heights:
James McCallum, John McCallum, Guy
Connors, William West and John A.
Drogseth were present in the Mingo sa
loon at the time of the murder. Julian
Gantfeld, a conductor on^ the Eighth
and Central line, John J. Smith, clerk
at the Grand Central hotel, George C.
Slater, a lunch wagon man, William
Weisman and John Gordman, pawnbrok
ers, and Oscar Emerson, a streetcar
man, are vet to be sworn and examined.
Gautfeld's testimony, it is stated, will
be specially strong for the state.
The defense has four witnesses and
may have more. One will be the mys
terious woman said to be Kalderwit's
sister. A attempt will be made, it
is thought, to show that the testimony
of the little Kristo boy was influenced
by the detectives.
E Mingo, the bartender who was
shot in the face, was a strong witness
for the state but probably cannot be
produced. is very ill in St.
Mary's hospital with appendicitis.
"THAT'S~THE MAN I SAW"
Litt le Mike KriBko Positively Identi
fies Kalderwit as the Murderer.-./
Special to The Journal.
Anoka, April 27.Little Mike Kris
ko, a friend and playmate of little
Continued on 2d Page, 5th Column.
IN THE KOCH CASJ
Chief Klause Swears Ida Kocft
Told Him the Handkerchief
Was Her Brother's.
STARTLED BY EVIDENCE
Senator Somerville Tells the Neif
Ulm Chief That He Is a
|I CHIEF OF POLICE KLAUSE,
Whose Testimony at Mankato Today
jj Dumfounded the Defense.
t:o vt A. t.t.tx.* :o.%
By W. P. McGulre.
Mankato, Minn., April 27.Chief of
Police Adolph Klause, on the witness
stand just before noon today, declared
that Miss Ida Koch, sister of George
R. Koch, had told him that the hand:
kerchief found in Br. Gebhardt's of
fice on the night of the murder was
"one of George's," and that "it was
one she had marked with the initials
"G. B. K."
The testimony of the chief was a sw
prise and a sensation. At the first trial
he did not quote Ida Koch as making
who seemed i any such statement. Counsel for th
defense was dumfounded.
Immediately upon adjournment for
the .Jioon "rreeess the lawyers rushed
Chief Klause for \an explanation.
the attorneys, Abbott and Somerville,
while General Childs and Albert len
der stood near, the "Chief said he did
not before make this direct statement
as to what Miss Koch had said because
he was not asked the direct question.
Had he been asked about it, he sa id he
would have testified the same as he
did today. *p
Calls the Chief a Liar. "J.
Counsel for the defense sneered rather
bitterly at the chief's explanation, and
Senator Somerville said to Mr. Klausti
"You are lying, that's what you are."
Chief Klause made no reply, except
a straightforward denial of the accusa
tion which the senator had made.
Mr. Abbott spoke up, saying: "WeH,
you just wait till we get at you on tha
sta'n'd, and we'll show you.'
The state had not finished with
Klause when the noon recess was take n,
but it was expected that the cross
examination would begin before the
day was over.
Chief Klause's sensational testimony
was given whe^n he related the account
of his visit to'the Koch home on Nov.
5, four days after the murder.
said he was accompanied by Sheriff
William J. Julius. A the home were
the defendant and Miss Ida Koch.
Examined the Handkerchiefs. *K
Asked by General Childs what inves
tigation he had made then, the chief
said he had examined some clothing
and the handkerchiefs of Dr. Koc h.
Miss Ida Koch, he said, brought the
handkerchiefs to him. The defenda'n*
was present. General Childs asked:
"Among the handkerchiefs handed
you by the defendant's sister, were
there any resembling the one found in
Dr. Gobhardt's office, on the night of
"Yes," answered the witness.
"How many handkerchiefs were
there which you looked atf"
"There were abcut twenty-four is
"State whether or not there were
any marks on them."
"What were they!"
"There were the letters 'Or. K.'
General Childs asked the witness If
he had spoken to the defendant at that
time about the homicide. Chief Klause
"One of George's."
I asked Ida Koch whether she aw
the handkerchief that was found in
Dr. Gebhardt's office".
"What did she reply!"
"She said it was one of George's
one of them that she had marked
Exclamations of surprise were heard
in the room. Counsel for the defense
looked at one another and then shoves
their chairs together and whisperM'
among themselves. -1
General Childs continued with his ex
amination of the witness and adducefl
testimony next as to the investigatiqSi
which the chief of police had made tft
the office of Dr. Koch on Nov. 4 and
The chief said that he and Sheriff
Julius, in the presence of Dr. Kochli
father, had gone over all the tools that
could be found in the office. On the
afternoon of Nov. 4, he said, he and
the sheriff were in Dr. Koch's offief
when the defendant entered.
"Did you* make any inspection
the defendant's hands at that timel
General Childs asked. L
"Not an inspection," said the wf^
"But you saw his hands!"
sir. vjt,^ 5^ 3E
"Describe to the jury what yat
Chief Klause said that he had ob
served some sores on the knuckles of
Continued on 2d Page, 3d Column/^
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