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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, June 29, 1905, Image 1

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Readers of The Saturday Journal
,WiU Find a Real Wealth of
LiveInvestor's Opportunity.
If Storthing Will Retract Revolutionary Act, and
Guarantee Satisfactory ZoIIverein, Riksdag
Will Consent to DissolutionMay
Demand Atlantic Port,
Special to The Journal.
New York. June 29.The July num
ber of the American Monthly Review
of Reviews issued today contains an
interesting review of the situation in
Norway and Sweden by a Danish ob
server. The name of the writer is no
given, but he is vouched for by thev
Special Cable to The Journal.
Stockholm, Sweden, June 29.The situation is taking on a more
pacific character today and the stage of negotiation for terms of
agreement between the Swedish and Norwegian governments is ap-
proaching. I have good basis today for the statement that if the
Norwegian storthing will annul its revolutionary act of June 7, in
which it declared the throne vacant, and give a reasonable guarantee
that a satisfactory zollverein shall be formed, the Swedish riksdag
will probably consent to an amicable dissolution of the union. It is
understood to be apart of this concession on the part of Sweden, how-
ever, that Norway shall cede to Sweden an Atlantic port. Sweden
has in Goteborg an important port on what are practically Atlantic
waters, so that a demand for an Atlantic port as a condition of consent
to dissolution of the union, is probably something in the north. Swe-
den has a railway already in operation from Lulea on the Gulf of
Bothnia northwest to the boundary of Norway, where it connects
with a short stretch of railway on Norwegian soil to the open port of
Viktoriahavn at the head of Ofoten fjord. This is supposed to be the
port that Sweden will ask for if an agreement is reached. It is only
about fifteen miles from the Swedish boundary at that point across
Norwegian territory to tidewater.
Xn January 1902, the king appointed
a new committee who should consider
how separate-, consulates would work
with the retention of the common diplo
matic service. In .July of that year
that committee issued a unanimous re
port favoring the realization of Nor
way's wishes. The following points
were agreed upon:
FirstThat separate consulates should
be established for the two countries,
each country's consults subject only to
home authority.
Second-The relations of the separate
consuls to the minister of foreign affairs
were to be arranged by parallel laws
in both parliaments.
The king approved the agreement in
1903 and Norway's wishes seemed likely
to be realized. The Norwegian cabinet
prepared a new code of parallel laws
which, in May, 1904, was sent to Stock
holm for consideration by the Swedish
The Swedish answer made by Premier
Bostrum was a surprise in that it did
not contain an outline of parallel laws,
but drew up a new outline of principles
for the settlement of the relation of
The Situation in Norway and SwedenEvents Which Led to the
Crisis Now Under Debate in the Riksdag.
view of Reviews as one in a position
to- speak with- sympathy fo both na
tions and yet without special preju
dice in favor of or against either.
He calls attention at the outset to
the fact that protection is an economic
doctrine of Sweden, while Norway's in
terests demand free trade. The Swe
dish constitution also grants the crown
and tfie higher classes large influence
with the government' while Norway is
the most democratic monarchy in the
Norway a Free State.
Paragraph 1 of the act of union of
1815 describes Norway as a free, in
dependent, indivisable and inalienable
state united with Sweden under one
king. This peculiar form of union,
Bays the Danish observer, has not
proved conducive to the .happiness of
the two nations because it is diffcult
for Sweden to realize that Norway was
not a conquered country, while the Nor
wegians on their side have kept watch
over their rights with irritation and
jealousy while the radical parties have
at times promoted an agitation which
in a nation more politically mature
would have carried them far beyond
their mark.
It was the question of Norway's right
to manage its own foreign affairs that
became the special bone of contention.
Sweden considered common administra
tion an important guarantee for the
preservation of the union and, as a
matter of fae-t, during the almost one
hundred years in which the two coun
tries were united, Norwav has been
practically excluded from exercising
its asserted right to manage its own for
eign affairs.
Affairs in King's Hands.
After the separation from Denmark
and the acceptance of the king of Swe
den as her king, Norway naturally came
to place the administration of her for
eign affairs in the hands of her king.
But when in 1855 Sweden made the min
ister of foreign affairs responsible to
the Swedish parliament, Norwav felt it
a serious slight to be deprived of everv
infiuence worth mentioning in her for
eign politics, and to see the adminis
tration of these matters placed in the
hands of a foreigner not responsible
to the Norwegian parliament, and who
could not be expected to have any spe
cial knowledge of Norway's particular
Frequent negotiation* were undertak
en to adjust this matter. ]n 1891, Nor
way established what was called the
"consulate committee" to examine the
question and it came to the conclusion
that there was commercial necessity for
Norway to have her own consuls. Con
flict with Sweden was t^ie result,
the separate consulates to the diplomats
and the minister of foreign affairs
which would give him considerable au
thority and power to appoint, supervise
and remove -these Norwegian public of
Resented Thruout Norway.
This proposition was resented thru
out Norway, and in June, l&Q^tae Nor
wegian government prepared a so-called
prbmemoria to prove that the prin
ciples" expressed in the Swedish reply
were not only in violation of the Nor
wegian constitution, but also in certain
directions a step backward.
This was the end of negotiations. A
new cabinet, under the leadership of
Michaelson, has in the meantime come
into power in Norway. About the mid
dle of May the Norwegian parliament
passed a consular service law in ac
cordance with the ideas in the agree
ment of December, 1903. The Danish
observer then rehearsed briefly the re
cent events, slowing how King Oscar
was placed in an extremely difficult
position, how he decided ultimately to
veto the Norwegian law and how the
Norwegian parliament declared that the
king had ceased to rule, as King of
Norway, and that with no common king
ship, the union of the two countries had
been dissolved.
Weakens Foreign Politics.
This Danish writer thinks that Nor
way's present isolation weakens Scan
dinavian foreign politics, and, while he
would deprecate, and does not antici-
succeeded each other unable
adjust the difficulty. In 1893, Sweden
suggested a committee of seven of each
nation to discuss all differences pertain
ing to the union. This committee could
not agree.
Separate Consulates.
ate, any resort to force to perpetuate
union, he hopes that another form
of federal collaboration may be found,
including, possibly, the third Scandina
vian nation, Denmark, which would be
more likely to promote the happiness
in peace or war of the three Scandi
navian nations than their previous nom
inal union.
The Danish observer's statement of
the case is approved substantially by
Rasmus B. Anderson, who is one of the
most prominent Norwegian-Americans
in this country. He thinks the disso
lution of the union will be a blessing to
both countries. So long as Norway and
Sweden were united under one king
there was likely to be friction, but let
Norway and Sweden dissolve partner
ship and there will be no better friends
in all Europe than these two nations.
John Enander, editor" of the Hem
landet of Chicago, speaking as a Swede
of the Danish observer's article, de
fends King Oscar and declares that he
could not have acted otherwise than as
he did when the crisis came. He re
grets the secession of Norway, but be
lieves the feeling between the two na
tions is better than could be expected
under the circumstances.
Officer Who Excited Suspicion Is Driven
from Sweden.
Stockholm, Sweden, June 29.A Nor
wegian officer whose movements ex
cited suspicion, was arrested on the
parade grounds at Trosa yesterday, ac
cording to a Karlstad newspaper. The
Norwegian, who was wearing plain
clothes, was escorted to the frontier
by a Swedish officer. I is repotted
that the suspected man was attached to
the Norvregian general stalt.
Menominee, Mich., June 29.Former
Governor Hood, Congressman Jenkins,
former Congressman Isaac Stephenson
and others were slightly injured by a
boiler explosion and fire on Mr. Stephen
son's yacht Bonita today. The fireman
was badly burned and may die.
Milwaukee, June 29.Wholesale gro
cers from all parts of the country gath
ered in Milwaukee today to consider
matters of interest to the trade in gen
eral. William Judson of Grand Eapids,
Mich, is at the head of the proposed
national .organization of wholesalers.
Among the* most important matters to
be discussed is the means of securing
uniform food laws in Ell states.
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$:$:r*' :*K$:O"W
Fast Train Running at Fifty Miles
an Hour, Is Derailed
One Dead.
Cleveland, June 29.A fast east
bound passenger train on the Cleve
land & Pittsburg branch of the Penn
sylvania road was derailed and wrecked
near Atwater, Ohio, today, causing the
death of at least one passenger, while
a dozen or more were injured.
The Dead.
C. M. Munhall, Cleveland? commer
cial agent, Cleveland, Akron & Colum
bus railway.
The Injured.
Delia Miller, colored, Pittsburg back
and legs hurt.
M. Marcha, Detroit, Mich. arm hurt.
Mrs. W. K. Crawford, Cuyahoga
Palls, Ohio back, arm and face hurt.
C. L. Greggs, Akron, Ohio back in
E. A. Baldwin, engineman legs and
arm hurt may die.
E. H. Green, Cleveland slightly in
Cedar Sawinan, Cleveland head in
Edwin P. Riley, Johnstown, Pa. head
and face injured.
K. W. Busey, Cleveland back hurt.
C. W. Burey, Cleveland back and
head hurt.
Clara M. Smith, Cleveland leg hurt.
Charles McCann, Cleveland back in
Baggageman, brakeman and fireman
slightly injured.
The train is one of the fastest be
tween Cleveland and Pittsburg, making
the run of 140 miles between the two
cities in three hours and fifteen min
utes. When the accident occurred the
train was probably running fifty miles
an hour. A section gang as "making
reairs on the track and, it is said, had
removed a rail. A flagman was sent
out*, but for some reason he failed to
stop the flyer and the wreck followed.
All the injured passengers were in the
combination car.
The wreckage caught fire shortly
after the accident, but the flames were
soon extinguished.
Fatal Crash on the Santa Fe.
Kansas City, Mo., June 9.An At
chison, Topeka & Santa Fe limited -pas
senger train, bound for Chicago, col
lided with a train on the Belt Line
railway, two miles from the center
of the city today. Two persons were
"kilecX and fhTee injured. "With one ex
ception they were employees of the
Phillipsburg, Kan., June 29.Six per
sons were killed and twenty injured,
sixteen of the latter seriously, in the
storm that struck here and in this vi
cinity last night. The destruction to
property and crops will run far into
the thousands.
The dead: Mrs. Eobert Alexander
and two daughters, aged 2 and 4 years
Mrs. Jane Alexander, Elmer Lanman,
Daniel Weaver.
The seriously injured: H. B. Mor
gan, wife and two children Charles
Casswell, wife and daughter Arthur
Caswell, wife and baby Mrs. E. A.
Mitchell, Eobert Nelson, Eutherford
Alexander, John Alexander, Mrs. J.
Tomblien and brother.
^fe&Sils^^^ i&fWtfttSSr't
Defective Page
YaleIt looks good to me.
ing to English as Western
Settlers Increase.
By W W JeKmane.
Winnipeg, June 29.The province of
Quebec will probably remain a French
speaking province. Three-fourths of
its population is French, and the rural
element, from which Montreal and Que
bec are recruited, is distinctly and te
naciously French in all its walks and
ways. The legislative assembly of the
irovince, altho both languages are al
in its deliberations, is conducted
almost wholly in French.
But in the other provinces of Canada
the tendencies of modern business are
all operating toward the wider use of
English, and west of Quebec it is prob
able that another Century will see this
whole Dominion as firmly committed to
the English language as the correspond
ing area in the United States.
Hardly 5 per cent of the delibera
tions in' the federal parliament at Ot
tawa are conducted in French, altho it
is any member's privilege to speak or
to ask questions in that language. There
is a large representation of persons of
French descent, including most of the
sixty-five members from Quebec, but the
French lawmakers prefer to do busi
ness in the English language, except
whpre they occasionally say something
strictly for home consumption.
Old French Traditions.
This is the part of the Dominion,
next to Quebec, where the French tra
ditions were naturally strongest, and
the only province where bilingual
schools are maintained at public ex
pense. I was assumed when Manitoba
was set up, in 1870, that it would be
a French province the population at
first was about equally divided, if any
thing, with more French than linglisn
people. But the French of this late
day are not good pioneers they, prefer
the sociability of the factory cities of
New England to the loneliness of the
northwestern frontier. Moreover, the
English language soon became the me
dium of the incoming races of east
ern Europe, who knew neither rench
nor English thev preferred English as
a. common medium of commumcation.
Most, of the large-scale business ppera
tion even of Quebec, are conducted in
English everywhere else it is the sole
language of business, and, therefore,
the most profitable one for the foreign
er to learn.
Bilingual Schools.
The bilingual school system that pre
vails here, by which the parents ot
ten children in any school may request
supplemental instruction in the paren
tal language, has thus far been util
ized only by the French and the Men
nonites, who speak German. These are
followers of Menno, who went irom
Germany into southern Russia nearly
400 years ago, and have maintained
their use of German in the czar s. do
minions. They began to come into
western Canada in 1873
English-speaking--Canadiansa are by no
means sure of the wisdom of their
country's liberality an making French,
equally with English, the official lan
euagei as guaranteed in the old trea
tiesfand renewed in the confederation.
Continued on 2d Page, 5th Column.
Influence of Immigration and Lan
guage Welding Western Do
minion for Leadership.
French of Eastern Provinces Turn-
Warmelin, Accused of Safe Blow
ing, Is Believed to Have
Clarence Warmelin, one of the trio
of alleged burglars and safe blowers ar
rested Monday afternoon, is understood
to have turned state's eviden-ce. His
story of the gang's plan of crimes and
attempted crimes is to furnish indis
lutable evidence against his two pals,
Kalmer and William Doole, cap
tured with him.
Warmelin has a 17-year-old wife and
it was thru her that he is sair to have
been induced to tell his story. He will
undoubtedly plead guilty and be given
a lighter setAence than the others, if
they stand trial and are convicted.
The young man was closeted with
County Attorney Al J. Smith for over
an hour this morning and is believed to
have made a clean breast of the whole
plan of campaign. The gang is said to
nave begun operations this sprrn'g with
the robbery of the Chicago Avenue
laundry. The next effort was made in
the Lakewood Cemetery company's of
fice. J. J. Cromer's grocery store came
next and the last job is said to have
been done at 720 Twenty-sixth ave
nue N.
The lads are said to have gotten1
gether in the winter and with the aid of
suggestions found in certain specimens
of yellow-backed literature, to have
conceived a plan of making their for
tunes. They aremd themselves with
nitro-glycerin, burglars' tools and fire
arms and started on a career of crime
that has led them into the county jail
and will probabl ysend them to Still
New York Insurance Superinten
dent Investigates at Bequest
of McCurdy.
New York Sun Special Service.
New York, June 29.At the request
of President Richard A. McCurdy of
the Mutual Life Insurance company
tKe s"fcsvte clepa.Y'tmeTvt o: i-Txaixxaiic
now is making a thoro investigation of
the conduct or that institution. Rumors
to that effect have been confirmed by
one'of the trustees of the company.
With the rumors about the Mutual's
request for an investigation have come
the same reports about the New York
Life Insurance company. President
John A. McCall was "called up at his
Long Branch home last night and asked
if that company, like the Mutual, was
under a voluntary investigation. Mr.
McCall's son answered the telephone.
"My father tells me to say," he
said, "that Superintendent Hendricks
has made a thoro investigation of the
New York Life this year at a cost of
$15,000, but the New York state de
partment of insurance or the insur
ance department of any other state is
at liberty to examine the company's
books whenever it sees fit."
Baltimore, June 29.Eight gigantic
skeletons of prehistoric Indians, nearly
eight feet tall, have been discovered
along the banks of the Choptank river,
I in this state* -p^i^p^l
Every, Day Demonstrate* the Sn
perior value of The Journal.
as a Want Ad Medium.
Torch Applied and Harbor GuttedMutineers
from Big Battleship, and Rumor Has En
tire Black Sea Squadron in Pow
er of Rebels.
St. Petersburg, June 29.The government is in a state approach- 3
ing panic over the events at Odessa and the gravest fears are enter-
tained that the mutiny among the bluejackets may spread to the army/-
Should some of the troops at Odessa be won over to the cause
of their comrades of the navy, other troops sent against them might
throw down their arms or join the mutineers, and with the support of
over 100,000 workmen, Odessa would become the center from which4
civil war would be waged against the government. xA
Rumors are rife in this city that the officers on board the ships
belonging to the squadron of Vice Admiral Kruger, which left Sevas-'C
topol for Odessa Tuesday, have shared the fate of the officers of the
battleship Prince Potemkin, and have been murdered by the muti-
It is added that mutineers are in possession of the other warships^,
of the squadron. If so, the mutiny has control of more than half the*%
heavy ships of the Black sea fleet, the other battleships said to be in"
the hands of the mutineers being the Tchesme, Sinope and the Tria
Sviatitelia (Three Apostles).
The admiralty, however, does not confirm the report of the mutiny
on board Admiral Kruger's other ships.
Shortly after noon an untimed dispatch was received here re-
porting that complete anarchy reigned at Odessa. The inhabitants
were panic-stricken and were huddled together in the houses. The
streets were filled with frenzied workmen fighting the troops. The
warehouses, quays and some of the shipping in the harbor were in
The correspondent of the Associated Press who forwarded this
dispatch had to make his way to the telegraph office thru dense
smoke which covered the city like a pall. He heard volleys every
few minutes. In the darkness the mob was beginning the work of
pillage and plunder.
It is evident that the dispatch was filed last night, but was de-
layed by tSie.authorities. t.,
The correspondent added that bluejackets with machine guns had
been landed from the battleship Prince Potemkin in the hands of the
mutineers, and then fought with the strikers behind barricades, ,v
against the troops.
Hundreds were killed and the hospitals were crpwded with^|
There were rumors, the correspondent also said, that some of the
soldie rs had joined the mutinous sailors in fighting against the troops
but he was unable to confirm this report.
The correspondent said nothing about the arrival at Odessa of
the warships commanded by Vice Admiral Kruger, but a dispatch
from Sevastopol says the battleship Georg Pobiedonodetz and the
cruiser Griden have started for Odessa and are due to arrive there
tonight, when a battle is expected.
There are about 40,000 troops of all arms at Odessa, but there
are no fortifications in which they could stand a siege if the rioters
and mutineers got the upper hand.
The Russians of Odessa comprise scarcely one-third of the 600,000
inhabitants of the city, about 150,000 of the residents being Jews and
the remainder Greeks, Armenians, Turks and people of various En-,
ropean nationalities. In general the members of the lower classes of
Odessa are persons of the most desperate character.
General Kakhanoff, commander of the military district of Odessa,
has been empowered to declare martial law, and Vice Admiral Chouk-
nin, commander of the Black sea fleet, left St/Petersburg hastily dur-
ing the night, either for Sevastopol or for Odessa. Beyond this no
steps are known to have been taken to meet the emergency. Admiral
Avellan was summoned to Peterhoff at 8 o'clock this morning to dis-
cuss the situation with the emperor.
Such advices as the emperor and the government have received
are carefully withheld.
"What appears certain from the reports received at the various
embassies here is that Odessa was at least for a time practically in
the hands of the strikers, who erected barricades from which the
police and troops were powerless to dislodge them. Indeed, one con-
sul at Odessa reports that the troops refused to fire on the rioters.
Nickolieff, a neighboring town of the Littoral, is reported injos
session of a mob.
St. Petersburg, in view of the developments at Odessa, is filled
with stories of disaffections and sedition among the troops, even the
guard regiments, it is reported, say they will never again fire on the
The Cossacks alone, according to these tales, are absolutely re-
TTaat disaffection and discontent among the soldiers is ~widespreair
admits of little doubt, but the situation is hardly as black as painted.
Up to the present time there is no reason to believe that the vast built
of the army is not loyal. "What the effect would be of sQverkl regi-
ments going over to the rioters is, however, problematical. Certajnljr
a crisis seems to have been reached.
Harbor Gutted, Dense Pall of Smoke Over City, and Mob in Control
AH Night.
Odessa, June 29.Practically the en
tire harbor was gutted by the fires
started by the mob last night. All
the warehouses, with large quantities
of merchandise, as well as four or five
Russian steamers, were burned.
The losses are estimated at many mil
lions of roubles. The remnants of the
wharves and warehouses set on fire last
night are still burning today and the
city is enveloped in a thick cloud of
Several explosions occurred in the
port during the night and fierce con
flicts took place between troops and
The dead are now reckoned in the
The hospitals are overflowinsr with
wounded persons and the medical aid
available is quite inadequate. The
shops are closed and business and traffic
is suspended. The Streets are occupied
Continued on 2d Page, Sd Column.

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