OCR Interpretation

The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, August 29, 1905, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1905-08-29/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Classified Ads
Every day demonstrates the su
perior value of The Journal as
a Want Ad Medium.
Parliament of Nations Is
cussed at Brussels Con
Legislative Branch to Be Added to
Hague TribunalExecutive
Will Follow.
Brussels, Aug. 29.The interparlia
mentary peace conference yesterday
passed a resolution praising President
Eoosevelt's efforts for peace.
An address on the American proposi
tion for the constitution of a perma
nent congress of nations was delivered
by Richard Barthold, president of the
American interparliamentary group.
He said in part:
A Congress of Nations.
If Europe should refuse to adopt arbi
tration, If it should 'continue the increase
of its armaments, might not the United
States And it imperative, for the protec
tion of Its own trade, to rival with Eu
rope in the matter of military and nav
al armaments? We shudder at the
thought, because such a. reversal of
America's traditions would be the tomb
stone of our hopes.
The combined wisdom of all political
parties that ever existed has never
evolved anything-
better for thfe govern
ment of a nation than three oo-ordinate
departments, the legislative, the judicial
and the executive. What we propose
Is simply to apply this same rule by
which individual nations are governed to
the community of nations by the crea
tion of an International legislature, an
international Judiciary and an interna
tional executive.
It Is justly feared that nations cannot
be induced to enter a congress of na
tions unless they know they can with
draw at will without causing war. The
war In America over the right of seces
sion proves the wisdom of conceding this
A further safety valve will be provided
by agreeing that the national lawmaking
bodies can veto the acts of the interna
tional congress.
America's Plan Presented.
This is the plan which American his
tory presents to the nations' as the way
out of war conditions into peace. If
'adopted by Hie nations, the international
judiciary, The Hague court, will be sup
plemented by the* international legisla
ture, and the question of an international
executive would then easily solve itself.
The fact that no military or naval power
is provided for the union of nations and
that each nation will remain free to arm
as its fears may suggestr, will tend to dis
pel all distrust. As confidence increases,
armament will decrease.
The Federation of the World.
Has the time come for the acceptance
of the plan here reposed' The testimony
of modern development gives an affirma
tive answer. We live in an age of feder
ation. The United States, Canada and
all of South America have been organized
into federal governments. The federal
governments of the world must cease to
grow or must grow henceforth by feder
ation with each other.'
"An American Peril."
The American people afe ready for the
adoption of this plan. European govern
ments have the choice between joining
the United States in a union or witness
ing the growth of a naval power in
America calculated to make the lovers of
peace there and elsewhere tremble at the
possible prostitution of this power to
evil ends by ambitious men. Nothing can
prevent the development of a great navy
in America except the early creation and
rapid growth in power and prestige of a
parliament of nations.
Congress of Nations.
The following resolution was pro
posed by Mr. Barthold on behalf of
the American group:
Whereas, Among other questions to be
considered by the conference, "the ad
visability of, establishing an international
congress to meet periodically for the dis
cussion of international questions," is
Resolved, That we reaffirm oru belief in
the wisdom and practicability and ur
gently recommend to the said conference
of nations for adoption that the interna
tional judiciary, now existing at The
Hague, be supplemented by an interna
tional legislature in the interest of justice
and permanent peace and
Resolved further. That we recommend
the following to the consideration of said
conference as a basis for organization for
,an international congress:
1. An international congress of two
houses, a senate and a house of deputies.
2. Each nation to have two representa
tives in the senate, and representation in
the house of deputies proportionate to its
international commerce.
8. Each nation to choose and maintain
its own representatives in the interna
tional congress, and to have power of re
calling them at. any time. The term of
office to be eight years, unless otherwise
fixed by each nation for its own represen
4. Each member to have one vote.
6. Majority to rule in all matters, and
concurrence of both houses necessary.
6. Each nation to have the right to with
draw at any time from the congress.
7. The territorial and political Integrity
of each nation represented in the congress
to be respected by all nations represented.
8. Deliberations of the congress to be
confined to matters which directly affect
intercourse between nations, and its reso
lutions limited to the declaration of gen
eral rules or principles for the conduct of
such intercourse, and these resolutions to
be recognized as law by the nations, un
less they are vetoed by an agreed number
of national parliaments.
9. Each nation to treat all other nations
on equal terms in matters of commerce,
whether they be or be not represented in
the International congress except that
any nation can raise a commercial bar
rier against any other nation equivalent
to such other nation's tariff wall.
10. While remaining in the congress,
each nation to have the right to arm it
self according to its own judgment.
11. War to remain a lawful mode of ac
tion in any dispute, except as the several
Continued on 2d rage, 5th Column.
Missouri Congressman Who Has Ob
tained Prominence in Brussels.
Interior Department Yields to
Pressure in White Earth Res-
ervation. Case.
By W. W. Jarmane.
Washington, Aug. 9.In fixing Nov.
15 as the date for opening bids for the
White Earth timber sale, the interior
department has taken final action on
the matter. Commissioner Leupp, ex
plaining why that date was fixed, said:
"The date set was the middle time
suggested by the different parties in-,
terested. I have been in consultatiou
by wire with our experts in the field,
and all agreed that Oct. 2 was too ear
ly. Then it became a question what
was the best date for the interest of
the Indians and lumbermen and Nov.
15 was decided on as the date that
would satisfy Senator Olapp'a request
for advertising the sale^ for ninety
days, and at the same time afford op
portunity for cutting during the win
The commissioner again took up the
question of regulations and insisted
that they afforded ample protection to
the Indians and that no changes were
necessary. Mr. Leupp has reports from
both sides of the allotment controversy
at White Earth, but has taken-*no ac
tion on them, and probably wont for
Bome time. He said that he would like
to go to White Earth to make personal
investigation of the matter, and might
get time to make the trip, but'this is
a remote possibility. Special Agent
Downs, who made a report on the situa
tion, is still in Washington in consul
tation with the commissioner.
White Earth Man Predicts Trouble if
Rules Aren't Changed.
Bloodshed by White Earth reserva
tion Indians is predicted by Harold
Borup, former alloting agent at the
reservation, if there is not a change
in the proposed sale of timber on In
dian lands.
"If the sale goes thru there will be
bloodshed in the north as sure as the
sun rises he said. "Of course the
trouble could be soon quelled by troops,
but not, probably, before many whites
had met their fate.
More than two thousand Indians, most
of them full-bloods, face the loss of the
160 acres allotted to each of them which
they may call home. They are Indians,
to be sure, but if the decision of the fed
eral supreme court Is. not wrongly con
strued, they as well are citizens of the
United States and hold full ownership of
the property that has been allotted to
them on the reservation.
The action of the department In pro
posing to turn a large half of the reser
vation into a forest reserve must be
viewed in the same light that the seizure
of a part of St. Paul or any other place,
by a mere ruling of the ..government,
would be viewed.
The Steenerson act allotted the land to
the Indians. The supreme court has ruled
that every Indian that has taken his allot
ment is a citizen of the United States.
There Is no provision in the Steenerson
act that says the Indian department can
take from the Indians what has been
given to them. Therefore, I believe that
the proposed sale of the timber on the
reservation would be an illegal seizure,
contrary to the rights reserved to every
citizen of the United States, whether white
man or Indian. Were the Indians pos
sessed of the means with which to bring
action in the courts, I believe a temporary
injunction could be secured to prevent the
proposed sale, and eventually it would
leave the Indians in undisputed possession
of the land.
Suicide of Ernest Cronir Breaks
Say Refinery Stocks 300
Paris, Aug. 29.There was a collapse
in the sugar market yesterday, owiWg
to the sudden death, under circum
stances indicating suicide, of Ernest
Cronir, chairman of the board of di
rectors of the Say Sugar Eefinery, the
most important concern in the trade,
shares fell 3#0 points, from 970 to 580.
The sugar market suspended operation^.
The foreign exchanges were not affected
by the incident.
Man in Court to Accuse One Whose
Name he Bears.
Joseph Brickner, Jr., appeared
against his father, Joseph Brickner, in
the St. Paul police court yesterday.
The father, who is well advanced in
years, was charged with drunkenness.
At the request of the father the case
was continued to SP^a him. time to get
an attorney.
First Reports Exaggerated with
Results Detrimental to
Where the Overflow Took Place
and Some of the Conse-
From a Staff Correspondent.
Aitkin, Minn.,Aug. 26.The "Aitkin
flood" has come and gone, and peo
ple have been looking around to see
what it did in the way of damage. The
Mississippi has been falling for several
days and the river gauge now stands
at 11.00 as against 13.31 on Aug. 12.
Last month it reached 16.36, the high
est record since 1888.
The exaggerated accounts of the
flood which, for one reason or another,
were set going, have been of much
greater damage to the county in gen
eral than a dozen similar overflows
could actually do to the narrow strip
of alluvial lands which have been sub
jected to high waters ever since the
river has been doing business.
Exaggerated Reports of Damage.
It was reported that Aitkin county
had been devastated that 500 buildings
were swept away that hundreds of
settlers had lost all they had in the
world. -were huddled together in
churches and camping in tents pitched
on high places that they were in urg
ent need of food, clothing and shelter,,
and that $25,000 was necessary to re
lieve suffering.
The facts are that with. the Aitkin
standing at nearly record mark of
6.36 on July 6, 7 and 8, there not not a
head of stock lost and not so much as
a shed disturbed on its foundation in
the entire district. The water over
flowed a few hundred acrea^pf Jgndj.
lbc'ated in the bottoms, which 0Ofv}5r
has made, and which it reclaims at
varying intervals of time whenever
the rainfall, is heavy enough to pro
duce a freshet or flood.
Few Settlers Moved.
All told, there were four river set
tlers who moved to town. They live
upon the bank at particularly low por
tions. One other man who is employed
in a stave mill also left his house in
the river district, and as the Baptist
parsonage happened to be unoccupied,
he moved into that, hence the report
that the people of the flood region were
housed here in churches. The. only
campers who have been in the vicinity
since spring are the suaamatwttiafcteggi
at the lake resorts and the passing
river men who camp for convenience
near their work. Two of the five mov
ers have gone back to their houses
on the river bank. A third has a place
which has always been jokingly de
scribed as "flooding every- time there
is a heavy dew." One hundred feet
of low dikes would, it is claimed, pro
tect it from much higher than the
present stage of water, but as it is,
a part of it is still under wafcer. This
piece and three others are the only
laces by anything up to a
stage The two other movers
Continued on Fifth Page, First Column.
Defective Pag*
than 600 men.
Eussian forces sent to the front
Total, both sides
Cost of the war to Eussia
Cost of the war to Japan
Eussian ships lost
Japanese ships lost
President of the Typoi Who Will Man
aye Chicago Strike.
President Lynch of the Interna
tional Typographical Union
Going to Chicago.
Chicago, Aug. 29.Leaders of the
compositors' stride against book and
job printing houses renewed today their
canvass of firms in the Chicago Ty
pothetae, threatening to call out union
printers wherever proprietors refused
to support the union in* its struggle for
the eight-hour work day.
Several large printing houses
ings Into barracks We strikebreakers.
The employers, according to Secretary
Haram of the Typothetae, anticipate a
long and bitter fight.
President JamesiijLyhch of the Inter
national Typo graphical- union has tele
graphed, in response $0, the requeBt of
the Chicago branch of the union for a
general strike against the Typothetae
in all cities of the middle west, that
he will be in Chicago in a few days.
Another shop, /employing twenty-*
three union-printers, was added to the
list of those affected by the strike.
The firm disregarded the request of the
union officials not to oppose the eight-
Richmond, Va., Arfe. 29.-It. is reported
that John F. Wallaqf of Chicago, .former
chief engineer of the' Panama canal, is to
be president of the Seaboard Air Line on
the retirement of J. H. Bare on May. 1,
1906. Mr. Wallace is to have a salary of
Pittsburg, Aug. 29.Twenty-one-of the
twenty-nine mills of the American Sheet
Tin & Plate company at Vandergrift
have been closed for want of orders.
Birdseye View of the War to Date
Feb. 8-9Togo attacks Port Arthur.
Feb. 10War declared -by czar. Japanese occupy Seoul, Korea.
Feb. 11War declared by mikado. Strict neutrality announced by United States.
March 6Vladivostok bombarded by Kamimura.
April 13Eussian battleship Petropavlovsk sunk in sortie from Port Arthur. Admiral Makaroff
1Battle of the Yalu. Eussians under Sassulitch defeated by the Japanese
engaged on both sides, 71,500. Losses: Eussian, 3,200 Japanese, 1,100.
May 11Eussians destroy and evacuate Dalny.
May 22-26-Battle of Nanshan Hill, first of the Port Arthur defenses. Eussians defeated by Japanese under
Oku. Troops engaged on both sides, 140,000. Eussian losses, 1,700 Japanese losses, 3,500.
May 30Japanese occupy Dalny.
June 14Battle of Wofangko. Eussians under Stakelberg defeated by Japanese under Oku. Troops en-
gaged, 120,000. Eussian losses, 4,700 Japanese losses, 1,200.
July 30-31Battle of Haicheng. Eussians abandoned the position on Aug. 2.
Aug. 14Kamimura defeats Vladivostok squadron. Eussian battleship Eurik sunk.
Aug 19-24First general assault on Port Arthur. A
Aug. 26-Sept. 4Battle of Liaoyang. Eussians under Kuropatkin defeated by Japanese under Oyama.
forces engaged, 420,000. Eussian casualties, 22,000 Japanese casualties, 17,600.
Oct. 11-12Battle of Sha Eiver. Eussians again defeated and forced to continue their retreat,
engaged, 355,000. Eussian losses, 30,000 Japanese losses, 10,000.
Nov. 29-30Battle of 208-Meter Hill, the bloodiest engagement around Port Arthur,
loss of 3,000 Japanese lost 15,000.
Dec. 28-31Nogi takes all remaining positions around Port Arthur.
Jan 2Port Arthur surrenders, having been isolated since May 14a siege of 232 days.
Stoessel comprised 44,000 men with 780 guns. The successful attacking force under
the beginning 88,000 men with 600 guns. From Aug. 19 there were thirty-one distinct attacks and^ three
sorties from the'city. The fighting was practically continuous. The Ens **"f f*f
and vast stores of ammunition. The storming and capture had cost Japan $100,000,000, and Eussia
25-29Battle of the un river. Eussians under Gripenberg routed by Oyama. Troops engaged, 150,000.
Eussian loss, 12,000 Japanese loss, 5,000.
Feb 24-March 12Battle of Mukden. Third great land engagement between the 'opposing armies, a^V^
greatest of the war. Battle front was one hundred miles long. Eussians under Kuropatkin defeated by
Japanese under Oyama. Total forces engaged, 800,000 men. Eussian losses, 70,000 Japanese losses, 41,000.
Japanese also took 40,000 Russian prisoners and enormous quantities of stores and ammunition.
May 8Various Eussian squadrons effect junction.
May 27-28Naval battle of the Sea of Japan. The Japanese fleet under Togo lay in wait for the combined
Eussian fleet under Eojestvensky, and annihilated it. The Eussians had thirty-six vessels, with 372
guns The Japanese had thirty-two vessels, with 330 guns. The Eussians lost six battleships with five
cruisers and smaller craft sunk and two battleships, two coast defense vessels and one destroyer were
captured The Eussians lost 8,550 men, killed or drowned, including Admiral Voelkersam, and 3,000 were
captured, including Admirals Eojestvensky and Nebogatoff. The Eussian fleet was valued at $73,500,000.
Admiral Enquist with three Eussian cruisers escaped to Manila, where he now is. The Japanese lost less
Aug 9Peace conference opened at Portsmouth, N H.
Aug. 29Peace conferees arrive at complete accord and proceed to elaborate a treaty of peace.
The total dead and wounded to date, including the battle of the Sea of Japan, have been:
Japanese forces in the field 700,000
Washington Star Says He's Likely
Timber for Head of Appro
priations Committee.
By W. W. Jermane.
Washington, Aug. 29.The Washing
ton Star yesterday printed the follow
ing about the chairmanship of the
house committee on appreciations:
Information from an authoritative con
gressional source is to the effect that the
two most likely candidates for the Im
portant position of chairman of the house
committee on appropriations in the next
congress are Representative Tawney of
Minnesota and Representative Littauer of
New York. Mr. Tawney was not a mem
ber of the committee and Mr. Littauer was
fifth on the committee in the last con-
It is said that the fact that Mr. Tawney
has not been a member of the committee
does not weigh with Mr. Cannon, who is
to have the appointing power. Indeed,
two other members-eleot of the next
house, who were not on the old commit
tee, have been talked about In connection
with the appropriations chairmanship
Mr. Sibley of Pennsylvania and Mr- Bur-
ton of Ohio. Mr. Sibley, it is said, does
5^^S^^XnQtriW,tO, be bothered with the irksome
^tfteir^iia^^^|s*, bl dutle
piadeV and. would not have it if it werhee offered him
Mr. Burton is popularly supposed to be
out of favor with Mr. Cannon because of
a rebellion he led against the house man
agers in the last session.
Mr- Tawney Is republican whip of the
house, while Mr. Littauer Is indorsed uy
the New*" York delegation In the house,
lie is in close touch with the republican
organization in New York, and one of
State Chairman Odell's rlghthand men.
Hew York tun Speoial Servioe.
Stroudsbnrg. Pa., Aug. 29.The cele
brated case of Angehne Williams, the
East Stroudsburg scrubwoman, against
the Delaware Valley Eailway company,
has been settled out of court.
Mrs. Williams sued the railway com
pany for $1 for cleaning a passenger
car "and obtained judgment. The com
pany fought the case in the court tor
mbhths, and Sheriff Evans finally was
about to sell the road.
Yesterday the company, thru its at
torney, paid Mrs. Williams $1.03, .iudg
ment' and interest.
under Kuroki. Troops
Total forces
Eussians defeated with
The garrison under
Nogi comprised at
nA ^rt a 6
.A. a. rf... iA
When Portsmouth, N H., Aug. 29.The peace conferees arrived at a complete
accord today on all questions and decided to proceed to the elaboration of
tasatjw -.iv..^,.:-,,:..'..:-.
'"The Japanese practically yielded everything.
They accepted the Eussian "ultimatum," no indemnity and a division of
Saghalien without payment of redemption money.
The Japanese also yielded the interned warships and the limitation of naval
"Seeing Minneapolis"
The Journal Tours are just the
thing for the Tourist who
wants to see the city right.
Conferees at Portsmouth
to Complete Accord
Jepen Accedes to
the Ciar's 'Ultimetum"
Actual Work on the Elab-
oration of a Peace Treaty
The delegates met-this afternoon and the actual work on the elaboration of
the treaty was begun.,
Peace was practically concluded at this morning's session. I the final
struggle the Russians won the victory. For the sake*of peace the Japanese,
with a magnanimity worthy of their heroic achievements in this war, met the
ultimatum of the czax and abandoned the demands controversy.
^ESeiSrwfce^ ^T7-^-, \^C^
A armistice probably win be arranged before night. ~*T*S
A scene of greatest excitement followed the receipt of the news in the)
lobby of the Hotel Wentworth. The official bulletin was telephoned from the
conference room at the navy yard by Mr. Sato and something like an electric
thrill passed thru the room. There were scenes of Joy. en threw their hats
aloft, women actually wept. Then there was a rush for the telegraph offices and
in an instant the news was speeding to the remotest corners of the earth.
Mr. Witte, accompanied by Baron Rosen, came to the hotel for luncheon.
There was a wonderful demonstration on their arrival. A great crowd had col-
lected under the porte cochere of the annex where the Russians are quartered
and when their automobile drew up, the air was torn with frantic cheers. Hats
were thrown aloft. Mr. Witte, as he stepped out of the motor car, seemed
quite overcome. Too full for utterance he could only grasp and shake the hands
that were extended to him. Baron Rosen also was equally moved and received
the congratulations of the crowd in silence. For about five minutes the two
plenipotentiaries were kept on the porch listening to the Incoherent praises of
the hotel guests.
"Do you pay indemnity?" was the universal interrogation.
"Pas un sou," (not a cent) was Mr. Witte 's response.
The two plenipotentiaries have respectively proposed to their emperor the
conclusion of an immediate armistice. The details of the armistice will be dig-.
cussed at this afternoon's meeting and immediately after the question of the
release of the Russian prisoners.
After receiving the ovation of the crowd, Mr. Witte encountered the mem-
bers of the Russian mission, who rushed forward to shake his hand. Briefly in
Russian he gave them the joyful tidings. Then, as he started up the stain,
other newspaper correspondents clamored for information.
"What have you done? How Is It settled?" they cried.
"We pay not a kopec of indemnity," he replied as he turned at the landing
half way up the stairs. 'We get half of Saghalien. That is the agreement in a
The Associated Press correspondent accompanied Mr. Wit te to his room.
Mr. Witte been quite overcome by the great ovation he had- received and
the intense strain he had been under. threw himself into his armchair and,
after a few minutes to "pull himself together," he began to speak, slowly and'
deliberately, almost as if he were talking to himself.
."It seems incredible," he said. I don't believe any other man in my
place would have dared to hope for the possibility of peace on the conditions to
which we have just agreed. From all sides, from President Roosevelt down to
my own friends in Russia, I received up to the last moment, even this morning,
urgent representations that something should be paid to Japan."
A this point Mr. Witte, who was still laboring under excitement, almost
lost control of himself.. paused a-moment.. Then he went on.
"The Japanese wanted to take our Interned ships, and I have not consented. _/:
The Japanese wanted to limit our navy power in the far east, and I have not
consented. The Japanese wanted war indemnity or reimbursement of the cost
of the war, aye, demanded it, and I have not consented. Th Japanese wanted the O
Chinese Eastern railway south of Harbin, but I gave them only the railroad in~
the possession of their troops south of Chautafu. The Japanese wanted the
island of Saghalien and I refused it, agreeing, however, at the last moment, tc^fj
cede the southern half and then only because I was commanded by my sovereign
to yield and obeyed.. Not only do we not pay so much as a kopeck, but we ob-^
tain half of Saghalien, now in their possession.. At this morning's meeting, lt
presented my written proposition, which was the Russian ultimatum. I was
accepted by the Japanese. I was amazed. Until I was in the conference room
I did not think what would happen. I could not anticipate such a great and'
happy issue." .v
I had made up my mind not to strike out a letter of the ultimatum I
submitted. So far as I was concerned it was ended. But I could not tell how it
would work on the Japanese mind. I was a complete victory for us.
"At this afternoon's session," Mr. Witte continued, "all the delegates will
participate. Now that the general lines of peace have been agreed on, the de-
tails will have to be considered and discussed by competent persons who have
accompanied the plenipotentiaries. A question of detail may include matters
of great importance. Chief among them is the armistice which Baron Komurss
%X~. ~*f

xml | txt