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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, December 29, 1905, Image 14

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1905-12-29/ed-1/seq-14/

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Journal bullling, 47 49 Fourth street S.
WASHINGTON OFFICEW. W. Jei mane, chief
of Wa'hington Bureau. 901-002 Colorado^ build
ing. Northwestern visitors to Washington in
vited to make use of reception room, library,
stationery, telephone and telejcrapn faculties.
Central location, rourteenth and streets NW.
Copies of The Journal and northwestern news
papers on fie.
NEW YORK OFFICETribune building
D. A. CARROLL, Manager.
OHICAGO OFSICETribune building.
W. Y. PERRY. Manager.
LONDONJournal on file at American Express
office. 3 Waterloo place, and U. S. Express
office, 99 Strand.
PARISJournil file nt American Express,
211 Rue Scribe, and Eattle bureau, 53 Hue
SWEDENJournal on file at American Legation,
NORWAYJournal on file at American Consul
ate, Christlania.
DENMARKJournal on file at American Lega
tion, Copenhagen
ST. PAUL OFFICE420 Endicott building. Tele
phone, N W Main 230 T. 2066.
I EAST SIDE OFFICECentral avenue and Sec
ond street. Tel phone Main No 9.
{TELEPHONEJournal has a private switchboard
for both lines Call No 9 on either line and
all for derailment you wish to speak to.
Albert Lea Standard.
The Sunday Minneapolis Journal Is
a good thing, It fills the bill and every
body likes and Is glad to get It.
Russia's Wheat Exportation.
The recent report of M. Shipoff, the
Russian minister of finance, tho cover
ing matters apparently far removed,
has, nevertheless, an indirect bearing
upon commercial Minneapolis. The
price of wheat is as important here and
in the northwest as anything well can
bo. The price is affected by numerous
factors, one of which, and by no means
the least important, is the competition
our surplus has to meet in the world's
markets. This is, indeed, the determin
ing factor in any long-time calculation,
altho other conditions, as local supply,
high or low quality, or even market
manipulation, may for a time control
the range. Russia is a big exporter ot
wheat, and what she may do in 1906
will mean much.
M. Shipoff says, in effect, that the
Russian treasury is in no trouble at
all, and that no financial difficulty
need be feared. He could scarcely be
expected to say anything else. Never
theless, it is surprising how Russia has
maintained herself against enormous
expenditures for war, and later internal
troubles. One reason for her stability
is found in the confidence of her prin
cipal backers. The people of France
have been told that Russia cannot fail
to pay up finally in any case, and as
interest payments upon all outstanding
obligations have been made regularly,
no panic or serious disturbance has fol
At the end of 1904 Russia had a sur
plus of $355,000,000 gold over and
above the sum necessary to secure her
issues of paper money. "With her great
defeats and internal disorders, gold nat
urally began to leave the country. Rus
sia borrowed great quantities, but most
of her foreign purchases of war mate
rial had to be paid for in gold, as also
the interest charges upon her debt. It
is clear that, had Russia drawn upon
her gold reserve for interest payments or
other expenditures requiring gold, she
would long since have exhausted her
stock yet the intimation of M. Shipoff
is that she still holds a very large sum
The fact is that Russia upheld her
self by keeping the foreign balance of
trade in her favor. Eighty per cent of
all Russia exports is grain or timber
products, and these she has rushed out.
Men in the grain trade who calculated
that the Russian troubles would stop
the exports of grain never went wider
ffom the mark, for on the contrary, as
it now appears, the government made
every effort to keep the grain moving
out. Russia raises enough grain to do
an annual export business of $150,000,-
000. She exported wheat at the rate
of 5,000,000 bushels a week for some
time, and more recently her weekly
movement has fallen to about 2,000,000,
but this is due largely to the closing
of navigation on the Sea of Azov. By
keeping the stream flowing her credit
abroad was maintained.
Early in the fall the grain trade was
startled by the reports of great crop
losses in Russian wheat, rye, oats and
barley. The total loss was put at over
$ 500,000,000 bushels. Many believed
that this great loss, from the reduced
acreage in Russia caused by taking the
men from the fields into the army, and
subsequent bad weather, would mean a
great advance in world's prices. So
far they have been wrong. Russia has
kept the wheat moving out, and prices
1 \have not advanced.
i Two considerations now arise, as the
year runs out.
If Russia, to save her credit, is ex
^porting grain by force, in a year of
rop losses, there will be a terrible awak-
iL ening some day, famine in Russia, great
^falling off in her exports, possibly a
jp^ukase prohibiting exports entirely, and
'&$-_& bull market in wheat. This on thethe
supposition that the crop losses were
not overstated.
The second consideration is the pos
sibility that the Russian central statis
tical committee, anticipating the gov
ernment's policy of forcing grain ex
ports, purposely exaggerated the Rus
sian losses with a view to strengthen
ing the world's markets, and gequfing
better prices for Russian wheat sold
For shaving a customer with a razor
which had not been disinfected a German
barber has been sent to prison for a
month. Those Germans have some ideas
about law enforcement which indicate
that the campaign is not always on.
Contract-Jumping Teachers.
Schoolboard members, meeting in St.
Paul in connection with the state teach
ers' meetings, have started the old agi
tation on the question of teachers' con
tracts. It frequently happens that
teachers who have made a contract with
one board break it to accept another
place at a higher salary, and leave the
first school with a vacancy to fill on
short notice. This is both morally and
legally wrong, of course, but as the case
stands the only remedy is a suit for
damages against the teacher^ which
would uisually be an empty effort.
Teachers' contracts are worth little
more to schoolboards than so much
blank paper.
Attempts have been made again and
again to get legislation against con
tract-jumpers, and at the meeting in St.
Paul some schoolboard members favored
a law forfeiting the license of a con
tract-jumper. All such propositions have
been voted down heretofore. The liber
ties of the individual are jealously
guarded, and while contracts for mer
chandise, contracts for building, grad
ing and the like are rigidly enforced,
there is not much power given by the
law to enforce contracts for personal
service. TMB is true in a good many
other lines beside teaching, and the
teachers naturally object to discrimina
tion which will penalize them as a
class, and not reach other occupations.
The objection is natural, but the con
tract system is one-sided at present.
The teacher may hold the schoolboard,
but the board cannot hold the teacher.
There is a way of protecting the school
board without imposing drastic condi
tions on the teacher. Why not permit
schoolboards in employing new teachers
to exact a small bond, enough to cover
the difference in salary that would be
likely to arise? Such bonds would be
written by fidelity companies at small
cost, and the companies would protect
themselves, Believing schoolboards of
considerable worry and annoyance.
Mr. Garfield is said to have found some
of the goods on the Standard Oil company.
Secretary Shaw on the Money
Secretary Shaw has given out two or
three interviews lately which have had
the effect of getting himself talked
about in banking circles. The one we
publish today with regard to the situa
tion in Wall Street adds interest fto the
discussion which his recent remarks
have instigated. Mr. Shaw volunteered
a scheme for increasing the bank circu
lation which would destroy any evi
dence of difference between bank issues
based on government bonds and bank
issues based on bank assets. He
thought this would be the best scheme
because then the people wouldn't know
the difference between the two kinds of
notes issued by the banks and would
take them indiscriminately.
Whether Mr. Shaw was prepared for
the reception which his suggestion met
with or not, the attitude of a secretary
of the treasury promulgating a scheme
of bank issues based on a resort to de
ception is one which has not been con
templated with complete indifference
bv business men of the country gen
Another recent declaration of the
secretary of the treasury which has
attracted some attention in banking cir
cles is made up of excuses for Mr. John
R. Walsh, the Chicago banker who bor
rowed nearly all the money of his own
bank. Mr. Shaw, if he is quoted cor
rectly, does not regard that as a very
serious matter, nor does he see any
thing in Mr. Walsh's performances
which other bankers are not, as he says,
in the habit of doing. It is needless
to say that there are a good many
bankers in this country who have not
taken this estimate of their methods by
the secretary with perfect equanimity.
Whether the government sees fit to
prosecute John R. Walsh or not, the
bankers will not stand for even an
implication by the secretary of the
treasury that Walsh methods are com
mon among the bankers of the country.
While the secretary of the treasury
has not yet run to the relief of the
Wall street speculators and their silent
partners, the Wall street bankers, he
gives out an interview today, published
in another column, in which he under
takes to scold the western bankers for
withdrawing money so heavily at the
present time from their New York de
positories. Mr. Shaw seems to have
forgotten that all this money was ac
cepted from the west on the understand
ing that it was subject to call, and that
it is now demanded by the legitimate
business and commercial enterprises of
the country. Conditions are peculiar.
The crop movement has been slow, and
in consequence of this, more money is
needed in the wqst for ordinary liqui
dation than might otherwise be re
quired. To meet this legitimate de
mand, and to meet the requirements of
new enterprises and expanding indus
try, the cash of the country has been
called for out of the vaults along Wall
stre*et, and as a result, the speculators
and others who have had that surplus
cash to work with, find the supply grow
ing scarce, and prices for call loans
have risen remarkably Ibigh.
This is a condition, however, which
the country at large can view with
perfect equanimity, for, in spite of the
high prices of call moneY, stocks have
not been depressed, and we must be
excused if we suspect that the whole
business is a piece of manipulation of
market and a bit of stock-jobbing,
where the professionals are booming
prices of certain securities by passing
them back and forth from one to the
other but the public is certainly not
in this deal and is not vitally inter
Meanwhile, if Secretary Shaw thinks
that the bankers in other parts of th*
consideration to the Wall street bank
ers, under these present circumstances,
the probabilities are that he will dis
cover where he has made another mis
Mean Jealousy.
It is reported La Toilette is to be
snubbed when he reaches Washington
His report of election expenses made
to the secretary of state declares "No
money or property was contributed, dis
bursed, expended or promised by this
affiant, and to the best of his knowl
edge and belief no -monev or property
was contributed, disbursed, expended
or promised by any other person fov
him, or in his behalf, whollv or in part,
in endeavoring to secure or in any way
in connection with the nomination or
election of this affiant to such of-
It is possible that Mr. La Follette,
coming into the senate with this record,
is offensive to some other senators.
How would Clark of Montana or Pen
rose of Pennsylvania look making such
a declaration?
Mr. Ryan does not claim to have given
away his surface road stock to avert a
Russian Losses in Manchuria.
Figures printed recently by the No
voe Vremya show that when peace was
concluded, General Linevitch had at his
disposal 12,500 officers and 917,000 men.
There were carried to the front during
the war 20,000 officers and 1,270,000
men, and about 80,000 soldiers were
present in Manchuria when war broke
out. Making the subtractions, it would
appear that Russian losses were approx
imately 7,500 officers and 433,000 men.
Assuming the Japanese losses, includ
ing Port Arthur, to have been only a
fourth less than the Russian, the flower
of the Japanese standing army must
have been lost, and the reports that the
island empire was recruiting in the lat
ter months of the war men beyond the
age of military service were true.
It would follow that Japan was well
guided and sagacious in making peace
at the precise moment when her mili
tary and naval prestige were at the
highest. Russia, apparently, was in the
better state to continue the conflict,
except for the fact, then already par
tially known in Russia at least, that
the government had lost its hold upon
the people.
Pearson's figures that Greater New
York's liquor bill is annually $135,000,000
This amounts to 2,700,000,000 loaves of
bread or 700 loaves a year for each man,
woman and child in the city. But who
wants such an amount of bread? The
men of New York know that infants can
not masticate bread, so they spend the
money for beer.
Assistant Professor Meyer of the Chi
cago university is still throbbing with joy
over the scientific arrangement of rates
by the railroads of the country. He will
never begin to despair of the republic
until this power is taken away from the
rate sheet clerks and the midnight sched
ule jokers.
A large portion of the non-Mormon
population considers the monument dedi
cated to Joseph F. Smith at his birth
place at Royalijpn, Vt., last Saturday, a
sad waste of good grindstone material.
But then, the Mormons paid for it and
the Vermonters have considerable stone
The Lisbon, N. D.f Free Press has just
issued a holiday edition to celebrate the
quarter centennial of its publication. It
contains much interesting matter about
Lisbon and Ransom county and a poem
by Mr. Boyden that ,is alone worth the
price of admission.
Raymond Lynch, known to printers as
"Judge Lynch," has just been retired on
a pension by the Louisville Courier-Jour
nal after a service to that paper of sev
enty years lacking one month. Mr. Lynch
Is well along in the eighties and still vig
The president has shut down on one of
those endless chain contribution schemes*
for a wedding present for his daughter.
The president Is getting to be almost as
well liked for the things he puts a stop
to as for the things he starts going.
Russell Sage loaned out a few millions
from 75 to 100 per cent yesterday. Luck
ily the grand old man of Wall street had
not retired from business before this
glorious killing came to sweeten age.
Senator Bailey's declaration that there
are not four senators whom the rest of
the members believe dishonest has started
a painfully active game of "who's it" In
the senate.
James A. Pratt, who is said to be some
where in the northwest, has a $250,000
legacy looking for him. A man with this
prospect is wasting time as long as he
stays lost
John R. Walsh appears to have been
almost rich enough to make money off his
failure This is the mark of a really
great financier.
If the weather bureau turns us out a
bunch of Christmas weather at Easter,
all this Easter weather at Christmas will
be forgotten.
Probably Mr. Odell did not realize how
hard the president's muscles were when
he ran against him.
When Dr. Osier hears of the defeat of
"lanky Bob" he will doubtless hold a
ratification meeting.
Reports from Moscow seem to show that
both parties got the innocent bystander.
They generally do.
Mr. Hendricks admits that he inspected
the insurance companies only in a Pick
wickian sense.
Charleston News and Courier.
The Rev. Anna Shaw declares that
within the last century men have de
teriorated two inches in size. Did you
ever see anything like the genius these
Shaws have for discovering deficits?
Philadelphia Press.
Of course, the wonder is that nobody
thought of it before The quickest, surest
remedy for divorce ia. newspaper pub
jw-yr -?3v% ^^jg&i%>r
By W. P. Klrkwood.
Small, Maynar &
Boston, announce that they have under
taken the publication of an important
Work on a subject which has not been
adequately treated heretofore in Eng
lish and which will appear under the
general title, A Report on Colonial Ad
ministration in the Far East, by AUeyne
Ireland, F.R.G S. The entire report will
extend to ten or twelve volumes, rne
first of which is about to appear.
Mr. Ireland's study of comparative
colonization has extended over a period
of fifteen years, during which time he
has visited South America, the West
Indies, Australia and the countries which
are included in his forthcoming report
Mr. Ireland's report will treat of every
form of dependent government now in
force in any part of the tropical world,
viz., crown colonye government, chartered
company government, protected govern
ment, Indian provincial government, the
residential system and government by
Not only will the report deal at length
with such questions as colonial civil ser
vice, taxation, the administration of jus
tice, public works, irrigation, municipal
government, labor supply, Chinese immi
gration, police and prisons and general
colonial legislation, but it will present
a detailed account of the commerce,*
trade, shipping, natural resources and
climate of each dependency. Statistical
and bibliographical data, as well as the
laws now in force in regard to contract
labor, municipal government and civil
service for each dependency, will be given
in the respective volumes
The countries which are exhaustively
covered by the report are: The Philip
pine islands, French Indo-China, Java,
the Federated Malay States, Burma, Brit
ish North Borneo. Sarawak, the Straits
Settlements and Hongkong.
Mr. Ireland's work has called forth ex
pressions of the highest commendation
from many well-known authorities.
President^ Schurman of Cornell, who was
chairman of the first Philippine commis
sion, says "the work will meet a real
need in our literature," and Sir Charles
Brooke, the rajah of Sarawak, has writ
ten to the publishers: "I feel no hesi
tation in saying that the reports will
be found very valuable to any one who
takes an interest in distant foreign gov
ernments, of which Mr Ireland has le
ported clearly and justly."
PHILOSOPHIESA brilliant symposium
of life philosophies is that written by
G. Lowes Dickinson, author of "Letters
from a Chinese Official," and given the
name A Modern Symposium. Mr. Dick
inson pictures a meeting of the Seekers
club, himself presiding, in which he clev
erly manages to get each of the mem
bers present to give his life philosophy,
or at least that philosophy's bearing on
some important part of his life. Present
are a tory, a liberal, a conservative, a
socialist, an anarchist, a professor, a
man of science, a journalist, a man of
business, a poet, a gentleman of leisure,
a member of the Society of Friends and
a man of letters The points of view
obviously must differ widely. The in
teresting thing about the book is to find
where one's own sympathies settle, and
yet to see how mucin1
sympathy there
is left for the other points of view.
It is noteworthy that the author has
omitted the man who builds his philos
ophy of life upon the theory of life's
endlessness. The matt of letters comes
near to that, but not near enough to
make his philosophy meet the case. Mr
Diokinson takes his readers up Into a
high mountain and shows them in a
series of flashing pictures the kingdoms
of the mind and gives them their choice
Incidentally, also, he gives a series of
swift but sure sketches of human types.
McClure, Phillips & Co., New York.
$1 net.
Painter, AM,
has compiled a book of the writings of
Plato to Spencer, and the author's pur
pose is to Introduce the student to the
principal documents of educational his
tory. Brief biographical sketches" throw
light upon the selections.
American Book company, New York.
Edwin Carllle Litsey has told several
stories of wild animals which have been
gathered into a book I-aring the. title
The Race to the Swift, a title which fits
these tales of battles for survival among
the wild creatures of forest and field,
and sufficiently describes them.
Little, Brown & Co., Boston.
The Birth of a Soul.The opening c*hap
ters of Mrs. Deland's new novel, "The
Awakening," in the January Harper's,
give promise of a story stronger In con
ception and finer in workmanship than
any Mrs. Deland has written since the
publication of "John Ward,. Preacher,"
which set two continents talking. The
novel is a most remarkable study of the
birth of a woman's soul, of her uplifting
and awakening thru the influence of a
ohild. The development of this theme,
which will undoubtedly be followed with
keenest interest from month to month, is
sure to provoke much discussion. The
first Instalment contains two notable illus
trations by the well-known artist Walter
Appleton Clark.
Other reading in the same number of
Harper's Magazine includes "The Chem
istry of Commerce," by Robert Dun
can "The Treasures of Prehistoric
Moundville," by H. Newell Wardle "The
Slave Trade of Today" (Part VI by
Henry W. Nevinson "Indian Music of
South America," by Charles Johnson Post
"Legends of the City of Mexico," by
Thomas A. Janvier, and much else both of
serious sort and of lighter reading. Illus
trations in colors and tints and In black
and white complete a number which pre
sages much for the new year.
Country Life and Country Calendar.
Country Life in America for January ap
pears for the first time under its new
title, Country Life in America and the
Country Calendarthe result of the con
solidation of the two magazines. The
issue, with the exception of the double
numbers, is the largest yet published. Ten
more pages of text and illustrations have
been added, making a total of seventy
pages of reading matter, and many of the
best features of the Country Calendar
have been retained.
A new department, "News and Discov
eries," tells the latest unpublished news
of invention and happenings that affect
country life in all its phases. Two other
features of the magazine for the coming
year will be the furnishing ahd decorating
of the inside of the house, and' nature
studies, by well-known writers, such as
Mabel Osgodd Wright and Dallas Lore
Other features in the new consolidated
magazine are literally too numerous to
of the nature of those same features.
One to appreciate the magazine must
see it.
The Right Moment for the Recrudes
cence of Faith.Frances Hodgson Bur
nett's atory, begun in the Christmas
Scrlbner's and completed in the January
number, is one to set people thinking, es
peqially those who see in the present the
time for a reawakening of faith. It is as
graphic as an object lesson and carries
Another story of lighter sort, full of
humor, Is Kate Douglas Wiggin Riggs'
"Phillppa's Nervous Prostration." Ernest
Thompson Seton begins a series of papers
on the great horned game of America with
"The Wapiti and His Antlers." The Ban
croft letters in the January Scrlbner's
have to do with Bismarck and Von Moltke
and the great men of their period.
Thomas F. Millard contributes another
paper on the far east, this being on "The
Powers and the Settlement." Other arti
cles and fiction add much to the high
quality of the number.
A Mark Twain Souvenir.The Dec. 23
Issue of "Harper's Weekly contains, as a
special 82-page supplement, an illustrated
souvenir of the banquet given at Delmon
ico's, on Dec. 5, in honor of Mark Twain's
seventieth birthday, including records of
the speeches, and twenty full-page group
photographs of the eminent guests who
attended. The supplement contains
poems, addresses, and letters from the
following: Mark Twain. Theodore Roose
velt, William Dean Howells, Brander
Matthews, John Kendrick Bangs, Kate
Douglas Riggs, Richard Watson Gilder,
George W. Cable, Dr. Weir Mitchell, Vir
ginia Frazer Boyle, Joel Chandler Harris,
Wilbur D. Nesbit, Louise Morgan Sill,
Hamilton W Mabve, Agnes Repplier,
Irving Bacheller, Rex E. Beach, Carolyn
Wells and Dr. Henry van Dyke.
Chinese Play Football.There can be no
doubt that western civilization will per
meate the orient. Honolulu has a Chinese
football team, and as it gets ambitious it
is likely to be going off to Peking to play
the Empress Dowager's Own team for the
special benefit of the empress dowager.
A picfure of the Honolulu team is to be
seen in The Outlook for Dec. 23, in an
article on "Chinese Citizenship in Ha-
waii," by Doremus Scudder
The current number of The Outlook Is
a magazine number of unusual interest.
Foyer Chat.
May Irwin, who is playing at the Metro
politan this week, is responsible for the
stage management of her own produc
tions. While a stage manager is usually
called In when her plays are first re
hearsed, the final "business" is usually
due to her own corrections and original
suggestions and inventions. Miss Irwin's
judgment on song manuscripts is almost
infallible. Being the foremost exponent
of ragtime and sentimental darky songs,
she naturally has the first choice from the
latest efforts of the most famous com
posers of this class of composition.
In "Tom Moore," which Andrew Mack,
the eminent Irish comedian, will produce
the last half of his engagement at the
Metropolitan next week, Minneapolis
theatergoers will see a play built upon
certain romantic incidents in the life of
the famous Irish poet. Mr. Mack is said
to give an elegant and faithful portrayal
of the author of "Lalla Rookh." He
possesses, moreover, a sweet tenor voice
and will sing Moore's famous ballads,
"Love's Young Dream" and "The Last
Rose of Summer." Mr. Mack's engage
ment will begin Sunday evening with the
production of his latest romantic success,
"The Way to Kenmare."
Mrs. Stuart Robson ahd company in
"The Saving of Mrs. Shaw," continues to
delight immense audiences' at the r
pheum theater, and Edwin Latell proved
such a surprise with his exposure of the
"Dida" illusion last night that It will con
tinue to be a regular part of the per
formance each afternoon and evening dur
ing the week.
There will be a wealth of feminine
beauty on the Orpheum stage next week,
the bill including Francesca Redding, Es
telle Wordette, the Dionne twin sisters
and the Italian Doria trio, besides Marlon
Garson, the youthful soprano.
A large number of amateurs will hold
the boards at the Unique this evening, the
occasion being "amateurs night"
theater. In additionnted.e
December 29, 1.905.
to*th usual comedy
Thi wil in
e' dozen or more would-be
tbjU "f
great men on pedagogical subjects It ft, Professional acts in the reg
bears the title Great Pedagogical Essays-l
sure an evening of rare amusement.
Lottie Williams, in Charles E. Blaney's
new musical comedy drama, "My Tomboy
Girl," is proving a strong drawing card at
the Bijou. The performances of tonight,
tomorrow afternoon and evening will con
clude the engagement here.
"The Errand Boy," the jnusical comedy
novelty, with Billy B. Van in the stellar
role, commences a week's engagement at
the Bijou Sunday afternoon. Aside from
the many original musical numbers espe
cially made for "The Errand Boy," sev
eral interpolations of the latest song hits
have been permitted, so as to show off a
superior chorus to advantage. A special
holiday matinee will be given on Monday,
New Year's day, starting at 3 p.m.
mention, jeven if one says nothing at all effect a prompt and permanent cure.
Their action is mild and' natural
Dr. Williams T. Hornaday, director of
the New York Zoological park, never
writes lies of fiction about the animals
under his charge he sticks to the
truth, and the truth is so interesting
that the reader wonders why it is nec
essary for some writers to make great
shaggy bears and the like fall in love
with timid little girls in the wildwopd.
Dr. Hornaday in an article in next Sun
day's Journal tells some remarkable
instances of reason or mental capacity
in animals, and for it Charles Living
ston Bull, the enimal's most adroit art
ist friend, has drawn a truly amusing
sketch depicting a wise old monkey
showing the other monkeys a cavity in
one of the molars of a bonneted mem
ber of the tribe.
"The Best CHft of All."
'/The Best Gift of All," the double
page colored picture that appeared in
The Journal's Sunday Magazine last
Sunday, attracted much attention. The
Journal has a number of these pic
tures, printed in six colors on highly
finished paper, that are being sold for
the nominal price of 10 cents at The
Journal office. These pictures are not
folded and are suitable in every way
for framing.
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Bail
For geographical and other obvious
reasons, the United States government
many years ago selected the Chicago,
Milwaukee & St, Paul railway for its
fast mail service between the twin
cities and Chicago, and also for trans
Pacific mail. Why not travel on the
road over which Uncle Sam send your
The Pioneer Limited leaves Minne
apolis 8 p.m. and St. Paul 8:35 p.m
arriving Union Passenger station, in
the heart of Chicago, 9 a.m. Four other
fast trains to Chicago every day. Tick
ets. W. B. Dixon, Northwestern Pas
senger Agent, 365 Robert Btreet, St.
Paul, or C. R. Lewis, C. P. & A 328
Nicollet avenue, Minneapolis.
Do not despair of curing your sick
headache when you can so easily obtain
Carter's Little Liver Pills. They will
City News
Former Governor S. R. Van Sant, Speak
er of the Evening, Pays High Trib
ute to "the Land King," and Traces
Development of the Great Northwest
Many Interesting Addresses.
Agents of the Lund land agency from
more than fifty cities in the northwest
gathered at the Odin elubrooms last
evening for the seventeenth annual
meeting and banquet.
The banquet hall was well filled with
a thoroly representative crowd, and
long before the repast was over, the
agents had become well acquainted and
were competing in telling stories of the
western prairies. The guests came
from Minnesota, the Bakotas, Kansas
and Nebraska, and two guests, one of
them the speaker of the evening, are
not connected with the agency. They
were former Governor S. R. van Sant
and Rev. G. L. Morrill.
Q. M. Peabody acted as toastmaster
anc| John G. Lund, "the land king,"
sat at his left. After several of the
agents, had given short addresses Mr.
Peabody introduced Mr. Lund, who was
greeted with prolonged cheering. His
subiect was "Retrospective," and he
told in an interesting manner how the
great agency had grown up since he
sold his first piece of land eighteen
years ago.
Due to Advertising.
The success of the agency during all
these years, he said, was' due almost
entirely to persistent advertising, which
had never failed to bring its returns.
He said he was glad to be in a posi
tion to entertain his faithful agents
and co-workers. "Captain Van Sant
told me at the beginning of the ban-
quet." he said, "that it must be a big
job feeding all these fellows. I replied
that the opposite was true. That these
fellows were working hard to feed me.''
In speaking of the past, he said he
had gone into the land Dusiness by
accident. A man in his old home asked
him to purchase a piece of land for
him for $1,600. Lund made the pur
chase, tho only a boy, and cleared $600
by the transaction. He thereupon de
cided to go into the land business for
good, even tho at that time the term
land dealer was a synonym for the
word thief. It was just at the close
of the great boom and nearly every
one had met and cordially hated the
old-time land shark. Mr. Lund had
been successful, he said, because his
agents had been faithful and honest,
and he had no regrets to offer for any
of his dealings.
Mr. Van Sant's Address.
Former Governor Van Sant followed
Mr. Lund with a stirring speech on the
development of the northwest. In in
troducing the speaker of the evening,
Mr. Peabody said that he was progress
ing rapidly, having risen within the
past year from a governor to a land
Captain Van Sant's speech was re
plete with pleasant anecdotes, which
were especially interesting to the land
men. He congratulated the agents on
having so progressive an' employer, who
ever "he did. A laid man mus do
three things in order to be a success
from a non-partisan standpoint, he said.
He must be a benefit to the country.
He does this by moving the people
from the congested districts to the
broad free prairies, where they make
the soil give a hundred fold. He must
make money for every customer, and he
must make a just profit for himself.
This was undoubtedly a hard thing to
do, but the success of the Lun'd Land
agency showed that John G. Lund had
filled these important requirements. He
more than any other one man had been
responsible for the development of the
great northwest, a territory larger
than the German empire and which if
as thickly populated as Belgium would
have more inhabitants than Germany,
Holland and the Scandinavian coun
tries together.
Nothing Too Good.
Turning to Mr. LuWd, Captain Van
Sant said I don't know what Mr.
Lund's ambition^ are outside the land
business, but I do know that nothing is
too good for him. He may want to oc
cupy the chair that I have recently va
cated and if he does I offer a toast to
his success. He deserves the best the
state can offer.
Rev. G. L. Morrill was assigned to
the toast, "Will Religion and the Land
Business Mix!" He told the story of
a small amount of money he had saved
from his salary as pastor aWd how he
invested it with Mr. Lund. In a short
time the money was doubled and he
took an extended trip thru Europe. "It
certainly mixed in that case," he said,
"and as^a matter of fact religion will
mix with any business that is conduct
ed on an honest basis."
Mr. Lund asked for another moment
and in an appropriate speech spoke of
the high qualities of B. S. Potter, one
of his employees, who will have to
leave the work and co away for his
health. He presented Mr. Potter with
a cash present to make his journey to
the south easier.
In South Dakota.
always stood for a square deal in wht*,-uig in the Ryan hotel yesterday after^
._._ A~
O. P. Kemp, manager of the office
at Watertown, S. D., spoke of laird
values there, and of how the patrons
were turning the land into money. He
read a sample letter from a customer
who had recently purchased a farm at
$47 an acre and now held it for $60.
The land there, he said, was much bet
ter than the high-priced land of the
states farther east, and in time would
yield as much or more than some of the
greatest agricultural states. The
schools were excellent, the markets
good and the climate ideal.
Sophus Richard was asked to tell of
the domestic side of a land agent's life,
and his address kept the gathering in
an uproar. He was followed by other
speakers, some of them from Kansas
and Nebraska, who spoke of the won
derful development there. At the close
of the program Mr. Lund arose and
wishing his employees a happy New
lear, proposed a toast for success in
Mr. Lund's Guests.
Mr. Lund's guests were as follows:
Charles Hanson, Omaha: G. W. Dodge,
Canby, Minn. C. E. Carpenter, New
Hampton, Iowa H. F. Bierkamp, Low
den, Iowa M. Mann, Woodstock, I1L:
J. R. Crystal, Tracy, Minn. R. P.
Fargo, Redfield, S. D. William Gras
Rhembeck, Iowa
W Willia,m
i *&p "%#d
Primary Election ManagementAttacked
on the Floor, and Trouble Ended Only!
by Move Toward Abolishing the-:
PrimaryElection in Progress To-'
dayVeteran Teachers Organize.
One of the candidates for presidency
of the Minnesota Educational associa
tion was attacked on the floor of the
convention in St. Paul yesterday after
noon, charged with unduly influencing
voters at the primary election in his
favor by assuming charge of the bal
lot box and electioneering. The ballot
ing for nominations took place at the
Central Presbyterian church and closed
yesterday noon.
The subject was being debated in
warm language when someone poured
oil on the troubled waters by introdu
cing a resolution,dwhich was adopted,
requestinngi committee on resolutions
to prepare an amendment to the consti-
ll sh
woul hereafter guarantee
tu tAo
a "fair and honest ballot," the aim
being to abolish the primary election
system and re-establish the old nom
inating method. The passing of this
resolution closed the debate on the
The primary election vote was very
light, resulting as follows:
PresidentA W. Rankin of Minneapolis,
79 C. G. Schulz, assistant state super
intendent. 38, Watson Cooper, of Ham
line university, 49 scattering, 17
Recording SecretaryMiss Nora Sutton
of Alexandria, 80 scattering, 11.
Corresponding SecretaryGuy E. Max
well of Winona, 79 W. F. Kunze of Red
Wing, 49, scattering, 7.
TreasurerC. E. Payne of Long Prairie,
47 William Angus of Warren, 38, E. T.
Carroll of Wadena, 18 scattering, 13.
Members of the Finance CommitteeH.
M. Stafford of Moorhead, 28 C. H. Prior
of Breckenridge, 28, scattering, 12
Mr. Maxwell announced he was not
a candidate for re-election, and Mr.
Schultz also withdrew his name as a
candidate for the presidency.
The election proper was held today,
the polls being open from 9 a.m. to
2 p.m.
Program of Last Night.
Dr. W. M. R. French, director of the
Chicago Art Institute, gave a lecture
last night at Central Presbyterian
church, St. Paul, on "The Wit and
Wisdom of the Crayon.'' Dr. French is
director of the Chicago Art Institute,
and illustrated his talk with crayon
sketches as he proceeded.
The "essentials, he said, are principal
ly balance, curvature, continuity,
radiation, repetition, contrasts, inter
change, Simplicity, harmony.
Sara Cone Bryant, teacher of Eng-
^Simmons college, Boston spoke
on "The Art of Story Telling," fllus
tratmg her system bv giving readings
from her own writings for children.
A reception was held in the parlors
of the Ryan last evening, following
the lectures, and over five hundred
teachers attended. The officers of the
association and leading educators of the
state, including several former presi
dents, stood in the receiving line with
their wives.
Teachers who have followed their
profession Minnesota for twenty-one
years or over are organizing a veterans'
association. It was started at a meet-
Qf wMc
.V? Iowa H. A. Smith Wains
yille. III. A. J. Dyrland, Decorah, Iowa
M.. Anderson, Cannon Falls R. L.
Thompson and O. L. Craig, Aberdeen^
C. M. Best, Jameston, N. D. O.
Kemp, Watertown. S. D. A. G. Matter,
Omaha Charles Brook, Chicago So
phus .Richard, Rock Falls, 111- F. E
Elliott, Watertown, S. D., and John G.
Lund, O. M. Peabodv, 8. R. Van Sant
W. Nelson, G. L. tforrfll, Van Val
kenberg, B. S. Potter. A. J. Enns, E. L.
Srhultz, E. Dix, O. N. Hoel, W. A
Ware and H. L. Snell of Minneapoli*.
Paul was chairman. It was decidedStofo
look up eligible educators and bring
them into membership, and to arrange
next year for a banquet and reunion.
Professor Farnsworth, L. P. Harrington
county superintendent of McLeod, and*
Dean Horace Goodhue of Carleton col
lege were chosen as a committee on
arrangements for next year's reunion.
Franklin Welles Calkins continuing
his sketches, entitled "Among My In
dian Friends," tells in next Sunday's
issue of The Journal's magazine of
"The Friendliness of Spotted Tail."
This happened in the first mining camp
located in the now famous Black Hills.
Calkins and his party were "sooners."
How the wily Indian kept his peace pact
with them and yet utterly discomfited
the party is the true story of Cirster's
Gulch. The author saw many of the
most interesting phases of Indian char*
acter, and rarely has anything to relate
along the usual line of Indian deviltry
and bloodshed.
Lymaa County Offers Many Chances
Because of Its New Railroad.
Cadet Taylor, in a recent issue of the
Omaha World-Herald, says: I have
just returned from a trip up in Lyman
county, South Dakota, on the new rail
way extension under construction from
Chamberlain to Rapid City, and the
Black Hills country. This county is
part of the old Sioux Indian reserva
tion and has been open to settlement
for some time, but has been held back
by the big cattlemen and lack of rail
way facilities. The new railway has
opened up a very fine farming country
and an immense immigration is going
into that county.
"It is called the great White river
valley. The soil is rich, and what little
farminghas been done shows good re
sults. Wheat from eighteen to twenty
four bushels oats sixty to seventv-ftve
bushels .corn thirty to forty bushels,
and barley and speltz a good crop. Corn
was selling at 30 cents and wheat 74
cents. In grasses they have the rich
buffalo salt grass, and are introducing
alfalfa with promising results. Lands
are on the jump, selling from $10 to
$18, according to improvements and lo
"On Nov. 9 the Chicago, Milwau
kee & St. Paul Railway opened UD fortv
five miles, west of Chamberlain, with
stations all along the line, and the pres
ent end of track is at Presho. The
grading is progressing fifty miles west.
"Presho is a wonder. Three weeks
ago it had one honso. I counted forty
five new business houses, one and two
stories, in course of construction, and
it seemed that every man who could
drive a nail was hard at it from early
morn till dewy eve. Everybody was
busy and happy. The railway com
pany wan forced to stop trains over
night at Chamberlain for lack of eating
and sleeping accommodations at* Presho.
"Sixty miles west, homesteads are
still available. ,The county abounds in
artesian wells. The electric light plant
and a mill also, at Chamberlain, are
being operated wholly with artesian
water power, seventy horsepower being
was one peculiar thing about
Presho that I never saw in a frontier
town before. There was -not a saloon
nor gambling house in sight. On in
quiry I found that South Dakota has
a very strict law that a saloon can
not be located within five miles of a
grading camp, nor in any town until
the people have voted a license, and
this vote must be taken once a year.
"It looks to me as if the Chicago,
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway were
opening up an exceedingly rich farming
country along its new extension."
Additional information about rates,
routes and train service to Lyman coun
ty. South Dakota, will be furnished free
by W. B. Dixon, 365 Robert street, St.
Paul &

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